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04 Transformer Maintenance#

04 Transformer Maintenance#

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Power Transformer
Power Transformer

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Published by: aimiza on Jul 15, 2013
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Transformer Maintenance GENERAL

Transformers in service are often subjected to heavy electrical and mechanical stresses. In order to avoid faults and disturbances, it is extremely important that the transformers are carefully supervised. Certain items on or in a transformer must be inspected regularly to assure a long lasting life. The frequency of these inspections is determined by the size and type of the transformer, the atmospheric conditions, and the importance of continuity of service. The actual frequency of inspection should be adjusted for each device as local experience dictates and with minimum intervals as specified on the chart mentioned on page 17. Observation of oil condition and temperature on a routine basis is recommended. Spare transformers must be inspected and maintained in the same manner as transformers in operation. Before moving a transformer, remove any lightning arresters that may be mounted outboard of the tank to prevent breakage.

04 Transformer Maintenance

trace all wiring. Wear the protective clothing recommended for the job. Precautions are as follows but not limited to the listed points: • Do not touch metal structures on a transformer in service unless a safe grounding (earthing) of the unit is confirmed. Do not remove covers from busducts. react quickly with the tools and skills at hand. • • • • Besides the basic safety precautions a general WARNING and DANGER information typical for transformers has to be taken into account too: • Electric shock accidents caused by current pads through the human body has to be avoided at any time. Know where to get emergency aid in a hurry. Wear what is required. Keep your hand away from moving parts. Do not go on the top of the transformer cover unless the unit has been de-energized. Avoid working under raised or blocked equipment. Threat all electric equipment with respect before working on any electrical circuit. Basic safety precautions: • Every employer has to have a safety program and he has to know how to use it. You may need a proper head protection (hard hat). Remove voltage supply on control cabinets before working inside. Know how to use a first aid kit. If good workmanship and good sense for safety precautions are observed. Plan for emergencies. core grounding and other components without assurance that the voltage is removed from it. Be aware that an electrical fire requires a special extinguisher and know how to use it. Cabinets may contain current transformer-leads open circuited by one or another non regular situation. no exceptional danger need to be encountered. safety glasses (goggles) and gloves. Ground bushings before doing any work on it. If an accident occurs. Be alert. breathing apparatus. A capacitive loading of the transformer is always possible. Therefore it is of the utmost importance to work on electrical equipment under conditions of very high safety-levels. locate all switches and isolate or disconnect the parts of the circuit you are working on. • • • • • 2 04 Transformer Maintenance . • • Personal safety has to be everyone's first concern.SAFE PRACTICES Working on power transformers doesn't need to be a hazardous occupation. Keep yourself and others safe by observing all the safety rules and insist that others do the same. Do not walk with a ladder or another long element in the area of a transformer or overhead lines under voltage. Don't attempt to adjust or repair moving equipment.

Ground resistance must be measured annually. and bolt them in the closed position. dust. Next. the transformer valves should be sealed with gaskets and covered with suitable plates. If it becomes necessary to remove a radiator or an air cooled oil cooler first close the valves. All ground buses and wiring leads to ground must be kept in good condition. remove the radiator. This oil. 3 04 Transformer Maintenance . Keep the heat radiating surfaces of the transformer clean. later showing up on the painted surface. top and bottom. The bushing porcelains must be kept free from dust and dirt and have to be inspected at least once per year. salt deposits. All breathers and small openings in pressure relief valves (and pressure-vacuum bleeders on sealed tank system and inert gas system units) must be kept clean and in operating condition. or chemical fumes require regular cleaning to avoid accumulations to the external surface. After draining the oil. If the radiator/cooler is removed for any length of time. Proper relay operation depends on low ground resistance. drain the oil from the radiator by removing the drain plug from the bottom header and the vent plug from the top. Abnormal conditions such as sandstorms. Transformers near the sea coast or in corrosive atmosphere areas should be painted regularly to prevent corroding or rusting of metal parts.EXTERNAL MAINTENANCE-CLEANING Use an oil solvent to thoroughly remove all oil that appears on the outside of the tank or on the gaskets. External surfaces of forced oil heat exchangers should be periodically cleaned as a particular dusty location may dictate. often gives the false impression of a leak. Accepted methods of hot line washing or cleaning with solvents may be used. This also applies to the radiator-cooler openings.

Therefore: Unusual operating duty. or special insulation requirements must be brought to the attention of your nearest Pauwels Transformers Sales Representative. UNUSUAL SERVICE CONDITIONS It happens sometimes that units are relocated from one location to another. parallel operation. difficulty of maintenance. Due to this new environment it may happen that the original agreed performances of the unit are not 100 % as designed for. Transformers installed near a sea coast must be kept well painted to avoid corrosion by salt air. frequency of operation. unbalanced voltage conditions. 4 04 Transformer Maintenance . Bushings exposed to dust or chemically laden air must be kept clean to prevent flashovers due to the formation of conducting deposits on the porcelain.SPECIAL SERVICE CONDITIONS Special attention must be given where transformer operates under abnormal conditions. reverse power operation.

If the sludge does not loosen by flushing with oil. use benzine. however. relief device alarm contacts... A. B. or odor.PERIODIC INSPECTION A. sequencing of devices.. trichlorethylene. EXTERNAL CIRCUITS AND CONTROL EQUIPMENT The following must be inspected 30 days after installation and once per year thereafter.. If. etc . E. Evidence of water or liquids in control cabinets and in air-filled cable boxes. Excess heating of parts-evidence by discoloration of metal parts. In such a case. etc. the sludge may deposit in horizontal surfaces in radiators and coolers.. there is. formation of sludge in the oil has set in. Excessive arcing in opening circuits. the radiators and the coolers should be rinsed in connection with the changing of oil and overhauling of the transformer. sand. The other side which is exposed to the elements by dust. thermometer contacts. G. F Proper functioning of timing devices. B. etc . COOLING SYSTEM Regarding naturally cooled transformers and transformers equipped with air cooled oil coolers. Control circuit voltage. C. Excessive noise in relay coils. no need for taking special steps to keep the inner side (oil circuit) of the cooling surfaces clean. and afterwards flush with oil. have to be cleaned as mentioned before. as long as the oil is in good condition. 5 04 Transformer Maintenance . Freedom of moving parts (binding or sticking is not allowed) D. charred insulation. in general.

it is suggested that the fans will be activated on a periodical base (quarterly). Ensure that spaces between the balls and the roller tracks as well as the grease compartments are half filled with grease. 6 04 Transformer Maintenance .and motor manufactures as follows: • Ball bearings with permanent lubrication. it is advisable to know the general maintenance instructions on bearings as mentioned by bearing. the maximum period of maintenance-free operation is four years. If necessary. Coat shaft bushings in the bearing caps or endshields with a thin layer of grease. cl Make sure that the drain holes on the motor are open (to allow draining of condensation) and check also that the fanblades can rotate without any obstruction of foreign objects (like:birdnests etc .C.. working under normal operating conditions on motors with 4 poles or more (as usually on transformer-fans) can be operated for about 20000 hours without maintenance.. however. FANS a! Bearings: Fan motors are executed with sealed ball bearings lubricated with heavy duty grease which do not require any maintenance as experienced by our fan suppliers and also by Pauwels' after service engineers during many decades. ). b/ During extended periods of reduced transformer capacity not requiring fan operation. With all motors. Notwithstanding the bearings are from the "so-called maintenance free" type. to assure satisfactory operation when required. The ball bearings and bearing caps should then be washed with petrol or benzene. replace the bearings.

If after four weeks the level remains constant.1 0 ppm for sealed and conservator type units with a complete separate conservator for LTC. de-energize the unit until the source of the gas is determined and advice Pauwels Trafo. C0 2 and CO) : ::.e: Transformers with a nitrogen blanket on top of oil) -Moisture: s 5 ppm.e. 200 ppm. 02 and N2).5 % combustible gas level is detected. N0 .3 % level is detected. an attempt should be made to locate the cause. Always observe the generating rate of rise of the combustible gas level. this attempt should be made whenever a 0. If the level continues to rise.20 ppm for units having a common gas or air space for main tank and LTC.5 ppm.800 ppm. 10 000 ppm. weekly tests should be made to determine if the level is constant or increasing. If the 02 is very high (>1 OOOOppm) the combustible gas analysis data should be questioned for accuracy and resampling of oil is required. -Total gas allowance: 1000 ppm on sample taken directly after oil filling. -or. However. -Moisture: s 5 ppm. In case 02 is >10 000 ppm.. Total of CH gasses ( Carbon hydrogen's ).1 %or 1000 ppm. After one year in operation run the test on a quarterly basis.300 ppm.High oxygen content allows the combustible gasses to be produced in greater quantities while there is not necessarily any need for greater concern. This test has to be performed on a monthly base after the first month until the end of the first year.3% at any time. CO : ::. Oil sampling has to be in line with ASTM D 3613 or IEC 567. (i. resume the normal test schedule as above. H2 : ::. 7 04 Transformer Maintenance . sloppy sampling procedures. Moisture: ::. all except 0 2 . it indicates: -Possible leak in tank. COMBUSTIBLE GAS TEST Test for combustible gases weekly during the first month of operation (everything but C02. ::. Dissolved gas analysis Acceptable values of DGA limits and moisture in oil for all Pauwels transformers upto 240 kV nominal System voltage are as follows : a/ New units prior to energizing: aa/ Conservator type with atmoseal bag: -Total gas allowance is 0. If the combustible gas level reaches 0. C2 H2 : ::. This means that the method of sampling has to be fully in line with the required standards in order to be sure that the conclusions of the DGA's are correctly interpreted. .D. bb/ Sealed tank system and inert gas pressure system: (i. b/ In service units: General: 02 has to be:-. If at any time a 0.

.. . We recognize that the gasses will generally not within the limits as per "D. ST = Sum of combustible gasses of second sample in ppm V =Volume of tank in gallons (1 gallon= 3. the rate of generation is determined for the total of the combustible gasses. ( i.. DETERMINING OF COMBUSTIBLE GAS GENERATION RATES Usually. A generation rate of more than 30 ppm/day requires a resampling within one month to evaluate the new sample against the two previous ones. A generation rate of 150 ppm/day indicates a very active one.. check wether the load remains within the normal rated power and the ambient-.Continue operation of the transformer within this one month period. . The formula for calculating the rate of gas generation is as follows: (ST .. the following evaluation criteria can be maintained: . . -Continue normal operation of the transformer within this three months period." above) and the rateR is calculated as per "E. 0 2 .8 dm ) of combustible gas per day is reason to suspect that A generation rate of more than 0. A generation rate upto 10 ppm/day is considered as acceptable and a new sample has to be taken on the normal interval period of one year. It has to be understand that the generation rate R is not the only evaluation factor. .. together with the rated input current every one hour. T = Days between first and second sample. WTI. However when all of the gasses are within the allowances (as per "D.In case the R value on the 3th sample remains identical with the previous samples and Rs.E. ..1 the fault that generated the gasses is an active one. we suggest to contact the nearest Pauwels Transformers representative for advise.30 ppm/day. it has to be understood as a helpful tool for a complete evaluation of the oil sample. (These readings are preferable done by computer sensing) .7854 liters). Nz) Typical evaluation: (2.. -Consider removal from service.Plan outage .and top-oil-temperatures have to be noted. A generation rate of 100 ppm/day requires that a new sample is urgently to be taken ( within some days ).e: everything but C0 2 ." above.6 R= ?. R= Generation rate of combustible gasses in fe/day. the gas production will be considered as normal.5 * T = ft 3 fday SO = Sum of combustible gasses of first sample in ppm. to evaluate the new sample ( within one week) against the two previous ones. Alternative evaluation as used by PAUWELS TRAFO: R= fe 3 ST-SO T = ppmjday Whereas ST. . 8 04 Transformer Maintenance . The generation rate R is not to be considered only.. A generation rate of 10 to 30 ppm/day requires a resampling within three months to evaluate the new sample against the two previous ones. However the higher ppm/day rates are for customers advise in general.Continue normal operation of the transformer. In case of doubt. ." for R>30ppm/day (also in some cases at a lower R) and the whole evaluation criteria will differ somewhat. SO and T stands for the same as mentioned above.SO) * V * 10.. .

1 mg KOH/g. 9 04 Transformer Maintenance . in a short time acquire the properties of the poorer quality. Otherwise the oil should be changed. The minimum breakdown value of the oil is: min. The absorption of moisture is minimized by the oil preservation system. Changing of the oil in a transformer has to in line with the filling procedures as described in the operating manual of the applicable unit. However this is economical only for very large quantities of oil. Min 30 kV/2. is the increase of the content of free acids in the oil. the formation of sludge will increase with time. Check also whether the oil lock in the silicagel breather is properly filled with oil (Re: maximum and minimum oil level in lock). The appearance of the oil is usually muddy. Oil which is not too much oxidized can be regenerated in certain cases. The positive pressure nitrogen system (inert gas pressure system) precludes the entry of any air as long as positive gas pressure is maintained. having once started.5 mg KOH per g (500 ppm) and the oil for the rest shows good properties. The change should be as complete as possible because a mixture of old and new oil will usually. Note : New transformer oil contains :::::. been exposed to the humidity of the air. If some work has been carried out on a transformer and the oil has. If this content doesn't exceed 0. Such oil should be completely changed as soon as the service conditions permit. The regeneration should be made by a reputable. the pressure-vacuum regulator permits the entry of very small quantities of air only during a minus 5 psi vacuum condition. A similar checking of the oil should also be made on all transformers at regular time intervals. associated with the formation of sludge. when tested according ISO 2719 or ASTM 092.0. In a sealed tank system. 60 kV/2. it is usually possible to obtain breakdown values exceeding these values.5 mm (IEC-156 electrodes). the oil changes its color and gets darker. If formation of sludge has set in. the transformer should be inspected (lifted or the manholes opened) to make sure that there is no local overheating of core or coils.54 mm (ASTM D 877 Electrodes). By means of filtering or other methods for purifying the oil. the breakdown value of the oil should be checked.F PERIODIC INSPECTION OF OIL Transformer oil is hygroscopic and therefore it easily absorbs moisture from the air. competent firm. Should the flash point. during that time. it is possible to remove the sludge but. The oil conservator system with a silicagel breather also minimizes the entry of moisture as long as the gel is properly renewed or regenerated as soon as its ability to absorb moisture begins to diminish. By filtering. it is fit for use. a decomposition (cracking) of the oil may have occurred. which can treat the oil chemically. Another process of aging. be less than 130 degrees and the oil also smells burnt. In that case.

10 04 Transformer Maintenance . After every continuous overload of 20 % or more. the thermometer should be checked first for proper functioning. It is therefore important that the temperature is continually kept under observation (Example: via a remote sensing system towards a dispatch center). If abnormal temperature rises have been found. In case of doubt. the transformer can be overloaded. For instance: bushings. TEMPERATURE The life of a transformer is highly dependent upon the temperature prevailing in the windings and the core of the transformer under operation. will be replaced by "actual characteristics after testing".. The ANSI/IEC Loading Guide may be used on a condition that the "assumed characteristics at rated load" as mentioned in the applicable standard. the latter situation is considered a very abnormal.(Example: fan out of service) Another reason for abnormal temperature may be that the oil has started to form sludge deposits on the windings and the core of the transformer. the reason may be that in some way the cooling is impaired. it is not possible to arrange a temperature measuring device directly on the windings of a transformer except in a few special cases where fiber optics are mounted in the windings for measuring direct temperatures. If. In case a "WTI" is not installed.6th power of the increase of load. The cooling of these parts is then reduced. etc . However.G. Pauwels Transformers has to be consulted. tap changers. because the temperature drop winding-oil increases with the 1. Pauwels Transformers uses a method by means of which an artificially obtained temperature is measured. and their temperature will increase. the top oil temperature indicator related to the ambient temperature will give a reasonable indication about the load conditions. an investigation is recommended.. Normally. the permissible overload must not be judged only from the temperature rise of the oil above the cooling medium. The overload capacity is sometimes limited by the accessories of the transformer. without an increase in load. which follows the temperature in one of the windings of the transformers. However. This device is installed if the design specifications were called for a Winding temperature indicator or"WTI". With a low temperature of the cooling medium(ambient air). there is a tendency for the temperature of a transformer to rise. This means that the actual ratio for no-load and load losses including the actual top-oil and average winding-rise has to be used for a good judgment on allowable overload situations.

is that the internal pressure is higher than the ambient pressure. . VENTING At moments when the transformer is not energized.. This is not always the case when related to nitrogen cushioned sealed tank systems. conservators with atmoseal bag. and that venting is only allowed on places filled with oil. OIL LEVELS The oil levels in the tank and load-tap-changer mechanism compartment should be checked at two-week intervals during the first month of operation and annually after that. where ever applicable. it is advised to use this opportunity for venting the air or gas bubbles from the different places where air vents are installed. etc . The basic condition before venting is allowed. Like on top of radiators. 11 04 Transformer Maintenance . pipes..H. manholes. Venting is also required when components are replaced which are situated in places where oil is involved. I.

In case transformers are located in ambient conditions where as the oil temperature (bottom oil) can drop below minus 15° C. This is a dangerous situation for the transformer and therefore not allowed. 12 04 Transformer Maintenance . Otherwise. Moisture in oil can lead to reducing the dielectric strength in oil and windings and this is related to the temperature of the dielectric structure as such.3 mg KOH/g and in this case the saturation of moisture in oil is about twice the initial ppm value before free water is created. as supplied by Pauwels Trafo contains an acidity (free acids in the oil) lower than 0. dew point measurements on the unit and taking oil samples to determine moisture content in oil. maximum 5 ppm of moisture is allowed in the oil. :::..1 mg KOH/gr. In service transformers can have 0.5 mm as per IEC 156 should be filtered or streamlined. allowable moisturein ppm. Oil sampling has to be in line with ASTM D 923 or IEC 475. Test the oil annually or more frequently if the operation condition of the transformer questions the continuity of the oil quality in general Low insulating oil strength may also be an indication that the transformer insulation contains excess moisture. MOISTURE LIMITS IN OIL: Moisture content in ppm is related to the operation conditions of the transformer.OIL DIELECTRIC TEST Any insulating oil from a transformer in service tested: less than 30 kV/2. oo Example: In case 50 ppm moisture is detected in oil that is sampled at 10° Coil temperature. This means that besides other C. However during operation this value increases due to the oxidation of oil.54 mm as per ASTM D 877 or less than 60 kV/2. high water precautions also the oil temperature of the sample has to be higher than content may not be detected. free water is already created and this water can move inside the windings and other critical parts of the transformer.9 :::. In general the maximum ppm of moisture for units which are operational with an oil temperature of +10°C and higher is limited to 20 ppm as per standard prior to energizing. Note 2: New transformer oil. Therefore the maximum ppm of moisture for units operating under conditions where the oil temperature can drop (consider also non-service situations) has to be as follows: Temperaturein -20° oc Max. 16 Note 1: Oil sampling has to be in line with ASTM D 3613 or IEC 567. Further evaluation should be made such as making power factor tests.s -100 oo ::::..

aluminium or cellulose particles are situated in the oil and tests in this field showed that the dielectrical strength of oil can become very poor. It is also known that particles may cause partical discharges developed in oil. A further reduction in the breakdown strength of oil occurs when iron. This phenomen is basically applicable for all power transformers. However for practical reasons we feel that this requirement has to be applicable for transformers with a BIL level of 550 kV and higher.338 fl. so that particle chains can be developed.oz) Total Quantity Quantity of particles greater than 5 1-1m Quantity of particles greater than 20 1-1m Quantity of particles greater than 30 1-1m 2500 1500 50 10 Since each sample taken will give different results. Pauwels has produced a criteria for particles which has to be taken into account before a transformer will be placed in actual service as follows : Maximum allowance of particles in a 10 milli-liter sample (0. copper. 13 04 Transformer Maintenance .PARTICLES IN OIL The breakdown strength of oil decreases approximately 25 % when the moisture content increases from 5 ppm to 20 ppm at the same sample temperature. Larger and conducting particles decrease the breakdown voltage most whereas fine particles can be agglomerate or be dispersed. For reasons as stated above. it is a practical matter to provide 5 or 6 samples and the average of each measured sample is the base for the determination whether the particles are within the required limits.

In addition. Changing of contacts 14 04 Transformer Maintenance . COVER. signaling and operating devices to the control room or control board. Examine all apparatus.5% at 100° C when measured as per ANSI Maximum 0. Operating test 7. etc . Cleaning and examination 3. manholes. VALVES Regular annual inspection is required on these components as functional tests. Visual inspection and reading 2.PERIODIC TESTING Power factor tests on the unit must be made whenever the unit is de-energized for long periods (1 month or more) or the unit is opened for any reason. Valves: in case leakage's are detected on the driving shaft. have to be replaced by new ones. Megger test of electrical circuits 9. power factor tests should be performed annually. retighten the compression gland. electrical cables and conductors. Testing of electrical circuits 8.. Use only graphite-free sealing material when changing packings.5 % at goo C when measured as per IEC. if used. PERIODIC INSPECTION-EXTERNAL TANK. MAINTENANCE INSPECTION CHART Refer to the chart on page 17 of 18 for inspection interval and type of inspection recommendation. The required power factor has to be as follows: Maximum 0. testing 4. Taking oil sample. ACCESSORIES Test all accessories once a year. Nitrile rubber gaskets around doors. Neoprene impregnated cork gaskets. etc.. Any replacement or adjustment required should be accomplished as soon as possible. Filtering 5. leakage's. GASKETS. covers. Megger testing is also recommended once a year. Measure: 1. may be reused if in good condition. Inspection of contacts 10. Lubrication 6.

(oil side) Coolers water cooled.Motor drive unit . 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NO A A X X X X s A A A s s A A A A A A X X X X X WR 5-WR WR WR A A D 1M{ A A A X X X WR WR 1M{ A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A X X X X X X w D WR D D M WR WR A WR A A X X X w (1)D D WR A A A X A A A A A F X X X F (2)A WR A A A A A A A A A A A A A X X X X X X X X X X X A A s A A 15 04 Transformer Maintenance .Oil level indicator of LTC .MAINTENANCE INSPECTION CHART TRANSFORMER FREQUENCY COMPONENT 1 2 3 Application for this unit: YES Tank. open Conservator tank.Oil of LTC compartment .Automatic system for operation . (water side) Valves Oil pumps with motor Oil of transformer main tank Bushings Magnetic oil level indicators Buchholz relay Temperature indicator(s) Thermostats Flow indicators for oil and water Pressure gauges for oil and water Pressure relief device Dehydrating breather for main tank Nitrogen cushion on sealed tank system Nitrogen equipment for units with inert gas pressure system (positive pressure nitrogen system) Manuel driving mechanism for de-energized tap changer (DTC) Load tap changer: . gaskets Conservator tank.Pressure relief device .Dehydrating breather for LTC Lightning arresters Protective relays Groundings De-energized tap changer (DTC) A A A A (3)S A A A A A M D 1M{ 1M{ •. sealed with Atmoseal (rubber diaphragm) Radiators Fans attached on radiators Coolers with fans incorporated Coolers water cooled. cover.Main contacts of LTC .Thermostat .

Changing contacts (1) -During cold ambient temperatures the nitrogen pressures will drop.000 tap changes.000 operations. see operation and maintenance instructions of the applicable LTC in the transformer operating manual. Lubrication 6. depending on load tap changer type as used. testing 4. Detail info. Taking oil sample. Measure: 1. Inspection of contacts 10. (3) -The DTC has to be switched over its total range for at least 10 (ten) times.D =daily W=weekly M =monthly S = semi-annually A = annual type as used WR = when required F = Five years or 100. Also the first weeks after putting the nitrogen blanket on the top of the oil is a critical situation since the nitrogen will dissolve in oil and the nitrogen pressure tends to drop below the minus 5 PSI setting of the pressure/vacuum bleeder on the main tank. Filtering 5. (2) -First oil check has to be performed after about 20. Operating test 7. it is required to adjust the nitrogen pressure upto + 5 PSI. regardless of which LTC-type is used in the transformer. Megger test electrical circuits 9. Testing electrical circuits 8. Visual inspection and reading 2. Cleaning and examination 3. 16 04 Transformer Maintenance .

Pumps: Turning direction Control Turning 15 Min. open Overpressure valve Manual driving tap changer Silicagel : (Blue) Oil lock Earth connections Desaeration : Bushings HT Bushings Domes Buchholzrelais Tap changer Oil pump Coolers Arcinq horns : HT LT Rating plate Terminal marking plate PT.plate mm mm LT rip Windings thermometer LT Alarm rip Thermostat ATO Overpressure gauge Oil level Transformer Tap changer Fans: Turning direction Control Turning 15 Min. open TC.CHECKLIST FOR TRANSFORMER CUSTOMER: RDER N': TRANSFORMER N': MVA: HT: Supply (motors) : kV I LT: kV Supply (control system) : MECHANICAL: Painting : OK I Remarks DATE NAME Wiring : OK I Remarks v v ELECTRICAL DATE NAME Oil level : Transformer Tap changer Settings : Oil Thermometer Alarm jTrip Windings thermometer HT Alarm Throttles open Main valve TR. Tap changer: Step by step Stop (in end position) Automatic control Position indicator Buchholzrelais : NO NO NC NC RS 1000 /2001 NO NC Megqer: HT I LT HT I Earthing LT I Earthing oc oc oc oc oc oc oc ATO M11 Mn Mn Braekdown voltage oil REMARKS: kv THE TRANSFORMER IS /IS NOT READY FOR SERVICE I Signatures I -r I Date 17 04 Transformer Maintenance .

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