3

Irregular Verbs

Basics about Irregular Verbs
Most English verbs are regular. That is, they form their past tense and past participle by adding -ed or -d to the basic form, as shown here:
Basic Form Past Tense Past Participle

ask asked asked raise raised raised Some English verbs are irregular. They do not form their past tense and past participle by adding -ed or -d to the basic form of the verb. Instead, their past tenses and past participles are formed in other ways. Here are some of the most common irregular verbs.
Basic Form Past Tense Past Participle Basic Form Past Tense Past Participle

become begin break bring catch choose come do drink drive eat feel find forget get give

became began broke brought caught chose came did drank drove ate felt found forgot got gave

become begun broken brought caught chosen come done drunk driven eaten felt found forgotten got, gotten given

go grow have hide is keep know leave read see shake spend take tell write

went grew had hid was kept knew left read saw shook spent took told wrote

gone grown had hidden been kept known left read seen shaken spent taken told written

A word about helping verbs Sometimes the verb of a sentence consists of more than one word. In these cases, the main verb will be joined by one or more helping verbs. Look at the following sentence: I should have gone to bed earlier last night. In this sentence, the main verb is gone. The helping verbs are should and have. Other common helping verbs include be, can, could, do, has, may, must, will, and would. When you use the above chart, keep these two points in mind: 1 If your sentence does not have a helping verb, choose the past tense form. I ate a bacon, lettuce, and tomato sandwich. 2 If the sentence does have a helping verb, choose the past participle. I had eaten a bacon, lettuce, and tomato sandwich.
NOTE If you think a verb is irregular, and it is not in the above list, look it up in your

dictionary. If it is irregular, the principal parts will be listed. See “Dictionary Use,” page •••.
48

________________________________________ felt 4. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ . All rights reserved. 1 During her first semester at college. 4. she felt she had beginned to win at the college game. ________________________________________ done 3. 2She decided to talk to her instructors. 4She worked hard and growed more confident. 5By the end of her freshman year. 3. 1. five mistakes in irregular verbs are underlined. and they gived her advice. 2. ________________________________________ drove 2. Inc. ________________________________________ Copyright ©2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies.IRREGULAR VERBS 49 Understanding Irregular Verbs In the following passage about college student Zamil Ortiz. ________________________________________ Check Your Understanding Underline the five mistakes in irregular verbs. everything feeled so new and strange. Then write the correct form of the verbs in the spaces provided. 3She telled them where she was having problems. became 1. The correct forms of the verbs are then shown in the spaces below. Zamil becomed discouraged. 5She worried that she had taked on too big a job. taken 5. 4But at college. 5. 1 Zamil knowed she needed to do something. 2The workload nearly drived her crazy! 3She had always did well in high school.

1. ________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________ . and have. she. it did I had you had he. she. Present Tense Past Tense Be I am you are he. it does I have you have he. Here are the correct present tense and past tense forms of these three verbs. do. she. 1 Zamil taked an art class that she liked very much. 2While she was taking the class. looking through art books. Then write the correct form of the verbs in the spaces provided. it is I do you do he. she spended hours in the library. she. it has we are you are they are we do you do they do we have you have they have I was you were he.50 IRREGULAR VERBS A Note on Three Problem Verbs Three common irregular verbs that confuse many writers are be. ________________________________________ 2. 3Here she has choosed a book about African art. it was I did you did he. it had we were you were they were we did you did they did we had you had they had Do Have Irregular Verbs: PRACTICE 1 Underline the mistakes in irregular verbs. she. she.

________________________________________ 6. it’s great. 4. 4When her friends seen her sit down. ______________________________________ 9. 3 She likes them so much that she taked two. ________________________________________ 1 Copyright ©2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. books sometimes do disappear from the library forever. ________________________________________ 5. Zamil doesn’t always eat in the cafeteria. 2But sometimes that doesn’t happen. Inc. 5Maybe the person moved away and keeped it. 4Maybe he or she just forgotted to return it. ______________________________________ 8. ______________________________________ . 7. ______________________________________ 10. they comed over to join her for lunch. 2Today she eated there because there were grilled cheese sandwiches. 6In any case.IRREGULAR VERBS 51 1 When you can find the book you want in the library. 3Sometimes the last person who borrowed it never bringed it back.

8. 3. choosed . gone catched. spent went. 10. writed chose. drived 5. 9. brought broke. Much to my embarrassment. to get an hour’s exercise done. 2. My boss was very unhappy when I suddenly quit my job because he had _______________ to a lot of trouble to train me. rather than drive. 6. The overweight man _______________ to walk to work. Jose _______________ all his money on fast food and video games. fill in the correct form of the verb in the space provided. ate 1. my son _______________ the hand off the most expensive doll in the shop. They _______________ everything the keeper gave them within two minutes. drove. I _______________ over three hundred miles through Arizona before I reached Flagstaff. They _______________ their daughter to see Santa Claus on the first day he was at the mall.52 IRREGULAR VERBS Irregular Verbs: PRACTICE 2 For each sentence below. done. eaten. 7. The left fielder _______________ the fly ball that resulted in his team winning the World Series. The alligators were very hungry. broken wrote. 4. did spended. caught bringed. Sue was told she must not leave the house until she had ____________ all of her chores. He _______________ an angry letter to his ex-girlfriend and regretted it as soon as it was in the mailbox.

1 Zamil readed and writed a lot in high school. 4Friends often camed by to visit her when she needed to be working. All rights reserved. 3 She also learned that reading in her dorm room could be difficult. _____________________________________________________________ 8. _____________________________________________________________ 10. Now. _____________________________________________________________ 6. 6She even catched herself falling asleep. _____________________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________________ 5. She knowed that she needed to find other places to do her school work. 9The library quickly became one of her favorite places. she finded that reading and writing were even more important in college. you can often find Zamil hard at work in the library. 1.IRREGULAR VERBS 53 Irregular Verbs: PRACTICE 3 The following passage contains ten errors in irregular verbs. _____________________________________________________________ 9. 10 It was beautiful and quiet. 2Once she becomed a student at Haverford College. she growed tired working in her room. _____________________________________________________________ . Then. Cross out each error. _____________________________________________________________ 7. 8She taked her books to the library and tried studying there. 7 Copyright ©2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. _____________________________________________________________ 4. _____________________________________________________________ 2. write the correct form of each verb. in the space provided. 12 11 She getted her work done more easily there. Inc. 5At other times.

a. Elvis’s home. _____________ Use the past participle of the irregular verb give for the first correction needed. My aunt be a big fan of Elvis Presley.” she becomes misty-eyed. 4. _____________ b. Many babies who have been shook have suffered brain injuries. explanations are given for five of the sentences. Then I realized I had forgotted the list. _____________ b. I went to the store. _____________ Use the past participle of the irregular verb forget for the second correction needed. NOTE To help you master irregular verbs. 3. Find the errors and cross them out. Every time she hears “Love Me Tender. It is dangerous to shake a baby. _____________ b. This month. _____________ Use the past tense of the irregular verb see for the first correction needed. a. Once I seen a hawk dive from the top of a tall tree to capture a field mouse. While there. Feeling proud of myself. _____________ Use the past tense of the irregular verb do for the second correction needed. write the correct forms of the verbs. _____________ Use the past tense of the irregular verb go for the second correction needed. she and my uncle gone on a trip to Graceland. my son sets the table. Last month. .54 IRREGULAR VERBS Name ____________________________________________________________ Section _____________________ Date ___________________ Score: (Number right) ________ x 10 = _______________ % Irregular Verbs: TEST 1 Each of the items below contains two errors in irregular verbs. in the spaces provided. 1. I sat down and writed a long shopping list. _____________ b. a. they both done some weeding in the backyard. 5. she bought “Elvis Lives” bumper stickers for herself and all her friends. Then. I was determined not to forget anything I needed at the store. I always have gave my little children household chores. 2. The adults who done this seldom meant to cause such harm. a. and my daughter does some dusting. _____________ b. Last year. The bird catched the tiny creature in its claws and flew back to its perch. a.

I always knowed that I would finish eventually. a. Inc. When all the wine in the house was drank. he would sometimes switch to whisky. _____________ b. _____________ 4. in the spaces provided. _____________ 5. The man told his doctor that he only drinks fruit juice now. _____________ b. She told me that he had growed a beard and joined a cult. Find the errors and cross them out. _____________ b. write the correct forms of the verbs. Every one of my friends had saw the musical A Lion King. a. My uncle was a generous man. _____________ b. However. a. Then. 1. but no one be sure who played each part because of the stage makeup and costumes. a. a.IRREGULAR VERBS 55 Name ____________________________________________________________ Section _____________________ Date ___________________ Score: (Number right) ________ x 10 = _______________ % Irregular Verbs: TEST 2 Each of the items below contains two errors in irregular verbs. _____________ 3. All rights reserved. I felt ashamed because I had not even gave him a card for his birthday. He gived me a rifle for my eighteenth birthday. “Whatever becomed of the boy I sat next to in high school history class?” I asked my best friend. _____________ 2. It taked a long time for me to finish my degree. However. _____________ b. _____________ Copyright ©2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. he admitted that he drinked a lot of wine over the previous twenty years. .

or even a new personal relationship. _____________________________________________________ _______ 7. write the correct form of each verb. 8Finally some students placed dead mice in brown paper bags and put them in the refrigerator. 3There was just one refrigerator on the floor. 3Try to remember how you feeled at first. 10After that. _____________________________________________________ _______ 3. 7But nothing helped. some of that food had been disappearing. _____________________________________________________ _______ 2. Then. a new job. 8Fortunately. 6Some students lefted notes for the thief. 4Were you nervous? 5Or were you confident you knowed what you were doing? 6Zamil had did very well in high school. 7But she finded out that college was very different. _____________________________________________________ _______ 9. 6. Zamil was willing to do the hard work of “learning the ropes” at college. Cross out each error. 9Two were stolen that night.56 IRREGULAR VERBS Name ____________________________________________________________ Section _____________________ Date ___________________ Score: (Number right) ________ x 10 = _______________ % Irregular Verbs: TEST 3 Each of the following passages contains five errors in irregular verbs. _____________________________________________________ _______ 10. _____________________________________________________ _______ 4. _____________________________________________________ _______ 8. _____________________________________________________ _______ 1 1 . in the space provided. 1. and many of them keeped snacks in it. 2Maybe it was a new school. _____________________________________________________ _______ “Who taked my food?” 2The students living on the second floor of Smith Hall getted used to hearing that. asking her to stop. 4But lately. Think of a time when you beginned something new in your life. 5 Nobody ever seed who took it. the thief never struck again. 9Now she feels much more at home. _____________________________________________________ _______ 5.

driven b. catched c. “I can’t go to London. wented d. a. _____ 1. Inc. forget c. forgotted b. catch d. Loretta ____________ the flu from the kindergartners she taught who were all sick that week. gone 5. droved 6. fill in the blank. and write the letter of your choice in the space provided in the margin. All rights reserved. go b. Just before arriving at the airport. bringed 2. drove d. tell c.IRREGULAR VERBS 57 Name ____________________________________________________________ Section _____________________ Date ___________________ Score: (Number right) ________ x 10 = _______________ % Irregular Verbs: TEST 4 Read each sentence below. but none of them believed us. Mikhael has ____________ on vacation to Baja every summer for the last twenty years. caughted 3. tolded 4. brought b. went c. telled d. Then choose the correct verb. caught b. The newlyweds loved being with each other so much that they even ____________ to work together. a. a. a. brang d. forgot _____ _____ Copyright ©2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. drived c. Kendra exclaimed. We ____________ the employees they would all be laid off. told b. bring c. The boss ____________ his daughter to the office on Bring Your Child to Work Day. _____ _____ _____ . I ____________ my passport!” a. forgotten d. a.

a. written b. you could have stayed with us. a. writed c. known d. saw d. The seventy-five-year-old actress has just ____________ her memoirs. sawed _____ _____ _____ 10. knowed b. knew c. tooked 9. took d. write 8. take c. seen c. seed b. She was so absent minded that she ____________ the book from the library without checking it out. taked b. a.58 IRREGULAR VERBS Name ____________________________________________________________ Section _____________________ Date ___________________ Score: (Number right) ________ x 10 = _______________ % _____ 7. a. knewed . I wish we had ____________ my aunt last Christmas because she died soon after New Years. If I had ____________ you were in town last week. wrote d.

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ 10. choosed d. My father has ____________ everything he can to keep our car in good shape. chose c. a. spends d. a. The millionaire businessman ____________ all his money to charity. chosen _____ _____ Copyright ©2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. grown 3. a. a.IRREGULAR VERBS 59 Name ____________________________________________________________ Section _____________________ Date ___________________ Score: (Number right) ________ x 10 = _______________ % Irregular Verbs: TEST 5 Read each sentence below. Juanita has ____________ the color gray for her bridesmaids’ dresses. founded d. grew d. The story was about a man who foolishly ____________ some money in an old trash barrel. Most people who traveled to Alaska during the Gold Rush never ____________ anything. a. did c. a. All rights reserved. lefted b. I had ____________ to do the assignment. become c. forget c. becomed d. growed b. done d. hides . a. fill in the blank. Then choose the correct verb. hide c. a. a. Natalie ____________ nearly four hours on homework. eated 8. found 5. Last July. doned 6. becamed 2. left c. eat c. became b. find b. Inc. leaved 9. cute puppy has ____________ into a ninety-pound monster. Last night. forgotten d. Ivan ____________ an American citizen. choose b. grow c. spended b. The tiny. ate d. spend 4. _____ 1. My family had ____________ the whole pie before I got home. finded c. leave d. forgetted 7. a. hided b. do b. spent c. hid d. eaten b. forgot b. and write the letter of your choice in the space provided in the margin.