-- PYRO-SODA DEVELOPER, Ilford ID-1 For Films and Plates STOCK SOLUTION A Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) - 750.

0 ml Potassium Metabisulfite - 25.0 grams Pyrogallic Acid - 100.0 grams Add cold water to make - 1.0 liter Ensure that the potassium metabisulfite is dissolved before adding the pyrogallic acid. STOCK SOLUTION B Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) - 750.0 ml Sodium Carbonate (monohydrated) - 44.0 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) - 50.0 grams Potassium Bromide - 1.2 grams Add cold water to make - 1.0 liter For tray development, mix 1 part A, 10 parts B, 9 parts water. Develop for 2-1/2 to 5 minutes at 68 F (20 C). For tank development mix 1 part A, 5 parts B, 20 parts water. Develop for 5 to 10 minutes at 68 F (20 C).

-- METOL-HYDROQUINONE DEVELOPER, Ilford ID-2 For Plates and Films STOCK SOLUTION Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) - 750.0 ml Metol - 2.0 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) - 75.0 grams Hydroquinone - 8.0 grams Sodium Carbonate (monohydrated) - 43.0 grams Potassium Bromide - 2.0 grams Add cold water to make - 1.0 liter For Tray Development, dilute 1 part of the above stock solution with 2 parts of water. Develop 3 to 5 minutes at 68 F (20 C). For Tank Development dilute 1 part of stock solution with 5 parts of water. Develop 6 to 12 minutes at 68 F (20 C). Available as an Ilford packed chemical in sizes to make 1 U.S. gallon, 1000 ml, 2.5 liters and 5 liters, metric measure, and 80 ounces, and 1 gallon British Imperial measure.

-- METOL TANK OR TRAY DEVELOPER, Ilford ID-3

1 part B.100.0 grams Amidol .2.750.1.0 ml Sodium Carbonate (monohydrated) . Develop 6 to 10 minutes at 68 F (20 C).METOL-HYDROQUINONE-BORAX DEVELOPER.2.0 liter Mix 1 part A.0 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) .0 liter .6. -.1. The superior keeping properties of the separate solutions make the two solution formula preferable when consistency of performance is especially important.0 grams Add cold water to make .100.0 ml Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) .0 grams Borax . -.For Soft Gradation and Maximum Shadow Details STOCK SOLUTION A Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .0 grams Potassium Bromide .0 grams Potassium Bromide .0 grams Add cold water to make .0 ml Metol .50.750.87.AMIDOL DEVELOPER. 6 parts water.1.0 liter STOCK SOLUTION B Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .12.2.0 liter This developer has very poor keeping qualities and should be used as soon as possible after mixing. Develop films and plates approximately 12 minutes in a tray or 5 minutes in a tank. Ilford ID-9 For Films and Plates Warm Water (l25 F or 52 C) .0 ml Metol .20.750.1. Ilford ID-11 For Tank or Tray Use Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .0 grams Add cold water to make .5.0 grams Hydroquinone .0 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) .0 grams Add cold water to make .750. 1D-3 may be made up in one solution. and papers for 1-1/2 to 2 minutes.

0 ml Metol . Ammonium Chloride at the rate of 40 grams of Ammonium Chloride per liter of prepared Ilford ID-11 (1 ounce 145 grains per quart). Use only cold water to dissolve caustic alkalis. 1 gallon.Use full strength. An Extra-fine grain Developer can be prepared by adding to the above.0 ml Hydroquinone . gallon 570 ml metric measure.25. 3 gallons and 5 gallons British Imperial Measure. it may boil with explosive violence. Camera exposures should be doubled and developing time increased to twice the specified time for ID-11. -.REPLENISHER.1.0 grams Add cold water to make .25.1. Ilford ID-13 For Line and Screen Negatives STOCK SOLUTION A Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) . of working strength solution. Mix equal parts of A and B immediately before use.25.750..1. The mixed solution has very .0 grams Borax . Available as an Ilford packed chemical in sizes to make 80 ounces British Imperial measure. -.0 liter *Caution: A good deal of heat is liberated when dissolving Sodium Hydroxide.0 grams *Cold water to make .HIGH CONTRAST DEVELOPER.0 liter STOCK SOLUTION B Sodium Hydroxide .3.50.0 grams Add cold water to make .0 grams Potassium Bromide .0 liter Add the replenisher to the developer tank so as to maintain the level of solution.7.S. Ilford-11R For Metol-hydroquinone-borax Developer Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) . and if warm water is used. Available as an Ilford packed chemical in sizes to make 1 U.100.0 grams Potassium Metabisulfite .0 grams Hydroquinone .5 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) . Develop from 5 to 13 minutes at 68 F (20 C).750. and 8 oz.20. Where the tank is in continuous use a quantity of replenisher equal to that of the original developer may normally be added before the solution is discarded.

Where the tank is in continuous use.METOL-HYDROQUINONE DEVELOPER.0 grams Sodium Hydroxide . -. Available as an Ilford packed chemical in sizes to make 80 ounces.0 grams Add cold water to make .8. With normal exposures.4.0 liter Recommended development times for aerial films at 68 F (20 C) are about 13 minutes in a spool tank or about 8 minutes in an automatic processing machine. Available as an Ilford packed chemical in sizes to make 1 gallon. and 5 gallons.1.5 grams Add cold water to make .REPLENISHER Ilford.4.0 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) .3 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) . Ilford ID-19 For X-Ray.0 ml Metol .0 grams Potassium Bromide .0 grams Hydroquinone .72.0 grams Sodium Carbonate (monohydrated) .16.72.56. -.750. For scientific materials see the instructions issued with the materials concerned. a quantity of replenisher equal to that of the original developer may normally be added before the solution is discarded. Ilford ID-20 For Bromide Paper . development is complete in 2-1/2 to 3 minutes.poor keeping qualities and should be discarded immediately after using. British Imperial measure of working strength solution. ID-19R For ID-19 Metol-hydroquinone Developer Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .750.0 liter Add the replenisher to the developer tank so as to maintain the level of solution. In two 80 ounce units British Imperial measure of working strength solution.1.7.0 grams Hydroquinone .2. Aerial and Scientific Films Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .8 grams Sodium Carbonate (monohydrated) .METOL-HYDROQUINONE DEVELOPER. -.0 ml Metol . 1 gallon.56.

AMIDOL DEVELOPER.METOL-HYDROOUINONE DEVELOPER.1.2. -. .0 ml Add cold water to make . Develop contact papers 45 to 60 seconds.6.0 ml Add cold water to make . With Bromide paper this developer gives good neutral blacks.0 grams Add cold water to make .0 grams Potassium Bromide (10% solution) .0 liter Use full strength.STOCK SOLUTION Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) . -.25.0 grams Amidol .0 grams Amidol . Ilford ID-30 For Contact Papers Warm Water (l25 F or 52 C) . Developing time is 1-1/2 to 2 minutes for normal exposures. dilute 1 part of stock solution with 1 part of water.25.2.750.0 grams Potassium Bromide (10% solution) . -. Ilford ID-33 For Oscillograph Films and Papers .6.35.0 liters This developer does not keep. and should be discarded after use.0 grams Potassium Bromide .1.8.AMIDOL DEVELOPER.1.0 ml Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) . Ilford ID-22 For Bromide Papers Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .25.0 ml Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) . it should be made up just before use and discarded immediately after using.0 ml Metol .1.750. This developer should be freshly made just before using. Develop about 2 minutes. It does not keep in stock solution form.0 grams Hydroquinone .0 liter For use.750.6.5 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) .0 grams Sodium Carbonate (monohydrated) .

-.1.3 grams Potassium Bromide . use 1 part ID-36 and 1 part water and develop for 1-1/2 to 2 minutes.0 liter Use full strength. use full strength.0 grams Add cold water to make .0 liter Dilute 1:7 and develop for about 12 minutes in a tray or 15 minutes in a tank at 68 F (20 C).1. develop 3 to 5 minutes.5. use 1 part of 1D-36 and 3 parts of water. Plates and Papers Warm Water (l25 F or 52 C) .750.5.30.20.4 grams Add cold water to make . Develop about 5 minutes.0 ml Metol . develop 6 to 10 minutes. For tank development of films and plates. Ilford ID-36 For Films.Warm Water (l25 F or 52 C) .0 liter For contact papers.43.5 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) .8.5 grams Potassium Bromide .750. For enlarging papers.0 grams Add cold water to make .0 grams Sodium Carbonate (monohydrated) .0 grams Potassium Carbonate .0. .0 grams Hydroquinone . take 1 part of ID-36 and 1 part of water.3 grams Sodium Carbonate (monohydrated) . -.0 ml Metol .750.1.0 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) . For tray development of films and plates.0 grams Hydroquinone .1. Ilford ID-60 For Films and Plates Warm Water (l25 F or 52 C) .6.50.00 ml Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) .25.60.GLYCIN DEVELOPER.40. develop 45 to 60 seconds.METOL-HYDROQUINONE DEVELOPER.0 grams Glycin .

dilute 1:3 and develop 2 to 4 minutes. dilute 1:2 and develop 2-1/2 to 5 minutes.0 grams Hydroquinone .0 grams Hydroquinone .0 grams Benzotriazole . For use with enlarging papers.1.0 liter For tray development.5 grams Phenidone . For tank development.PHENIDONE-HVDROQUINONE-BORAX FINE GRAIN DEVELOPER. dilute 1:1 and develop 45 to 60 seconds.750.5. dilute 1:3 and develop 1-1/2 to 2 minutes. This developer has characteristics approximating those of Ilford ID-2.25 grams Potassium Bromide .750. Ilford ID-62 For Films and Plates STOCK SOLUTION Warm Water (125 F or 52C) .2.0.0 grams Phenidone .0 ml Sodium Sulfite (anhydrous) .-. For tray development of films and plates.50.15 grams Add cold water to make .0.0 grams Sodium Carbonate (desiccated) .2 grams Add cold water to make .0 ml Sodium Sulfite (anhydrous) . -.0 grams Hydroquinone . dilute 1:5 and develop 5 to 10 minutes.8.5 grams Potassium Bromide .0 ml Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) -85.75.37. -.0 grams Benzotriazole .PHENIDONE-HYDROQUINONE DEVELOPER.2. Ilford ID68 For Films and Plates Warm Water (125 F or 52C) .12.0 grams .0. dilute 1:7 and develop for 4 to 8 minutes. Ilford ID-67 For Films and Plates STOCK SOLUTION Warm Water (l25 F or 52 C) .750.0 grams Sodium Carbonate (desiccated) .0 liter For use with contact papers.0.1.60. For tank development.PHENIDONE-HYDROQUINONE DEVELOPER.

Ilford ID-68R For ID-68 Phenidone-hydroquinone-borax Developer Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .0 liter Use undiluted develop films for 8-10 minutes plates for 6-7 minutes at 68 F (30 C) -.0. Where the tank is in continuous use a quantity of replenisher equal to that of the original developer may normally be added before the solution is discarded.1.WARM TONE DEVELOPER.4 grams Add cold water to make .0 ml Sodium Sulfite. -. For longer development times.0.REPLENISHER. Ilford IF-2 For Films.85.62.13 grams Add cold water to make .0. desiccated . Plates and Papers . dilute 1 part of stock solution with 3 parts of water and develop for 2 minutes at 68 F (20 C).1. Ilford ID-78 For Ilford Kenprint Paper and Contact Lantern Plates Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .0 grams Hydroquinone .grams Boric Acid .0 ml Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) .12.8.0 liter Dilute 1 part of the above stock solution with one part of water and develop for 1 minute at 68 F (20 C). desiccated .0 grams Potassium Bromide .0 grams Borax .50.0 liter Add the Replenisher to the developer tank so as to maintain the level of solution.ACID FIXING BATH.22 grams Add cold water to make .0 grams Phenidone .1.Borax 7.0 grams Sodium Carbonate.0 grams Hydroquinone .0. -.0 grams Phenidone .0 .750.750.0 grams Phenidone .2.1.7.5 grams Potassium Bromide .

0 grams Add cold water to make . Ilford IF-13 For Contact and Enlarging Papers STOCK HARDENING SOLUTION Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) .400. metabisulfite and sulfite in 750ml of warm water not above 100 F (38 C).1.12. WORKING SOLUTION Sodium Thiosulfate (Hypo) .50.0 liter For films and plates: use undiluted and fix for 10 to 20 minutes.200. For more rapid fixing the quantities of hypo and metabisulfite may be doubled.12.0 grams Add cold water to make .100.1.0 grams Add cold water to make . Make up to the final quantity with cold water. Dissolve the alum in 20 ounces of hot water. Ilford IF-9 For X-Ray Materials and Films and Plates Chrome Alum .0 liter Dissolve the Sulfite in 8 ounces of warm water.0 liter All mixing must be done at a temperature below 70 F (21 C). Then add and dissolve the hypo.1. -. allow to cool.1.0 liter Dissolve the chrome alum.6. allow to cool and add the acetic acid slowly.5 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) . and add to the acid-sulfite mixture.0 grams Stock Hardening Solution .0 grams Potassium Metabisulfite .5 grams Add cold water to make . stirring all the time.0 ml Potassium Alum .12. -. Finally add cold water to make 1000ml.75. .200.ACID HARDENING FIXING BATH.Sodium Thiosulfate .5 grams Sodium Metabisulfite .0 grams Acetic Acid 99% (Glacial) . For papers: dilute with an equal volume of water and fix for 5 to 10 minutes.125.ACID HARDENING FIXING BATH.25 grams Sodium Thiosulfate (Hypo) .

acetic acid.0 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) . wash thoroughly and dry in the normal manner. and the process should be closely watched.0 liter To use. then add cold water to make 32 ounces or 1 Liter respectively. take a sufficient amount of Solution A to cover the negative and add just enough of solution B to color the solution a pale yellow.0 grams Cold water to make .0 ml Sodium Thiosulfite (Hypo) .FARMER'S REDUCER.0 liter .1.0 grams Cold water to make .0 grams Water to make .1. and when cool add the sulfite. Dissolve the boric acid.30.0 grams Dissolve the hypo in hot water.PERSULFATE REDUCER. -. Ilford IF-15 For Films and Plates SOLUTION A Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) . and alum in hot water.320.-. Ilford IR-1 For Films and Plates SOLUTION A Sodium Thiosulfate . When sufficient reduction is attained. -. slowly pour Solution B into Solution A.25. When both solutions are cold.500.0 ml Potassium Alum crystals . Ilford IR-2 For Films and Plates Ammonium Persulfate .0 ml Boric Acid crystals .200.0 grams Acetic Acid 99% (Glacial) .ACID HARDENING FIXING BATH.150.25.100.18.0 liter SOLUTION B Potassium Ferricyanide .0 grams SOLUTION B Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .1. Energy of reduction is propertional to the amount of Solution B used.10.

When reduction has gone far enough.1.It is important that the water be free from dissolved chlorides.1.0 grams Add cold water to make .25 grams Sulfuric Acid (conc.PROPORTIONAL REDUCER. do not discard cyanide solutions in a sink which may contain acid. -.4.0 ml Potassium Iodide .0 liter STOCK CYANIDE SOLUTION *Potassium Cyanide .25. Ilford IR-3 For Films and Plates SOLUTION A Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .0 liter Caution: Always add the acid to the water.0 liter SOLUTION B Ammonium Persulfate .0 grams Add cold water to make .750.0 liter *Caution: Potassium Cyanide is a dangerous poison.) .5 ml Add cold water to make .IODINE-CYANIDE REDUCER.0 grams Cold water to make . One or two drops of sulfuric acid should be added to the mixed solution to insure consistent action.0.1. Ilford IR-5 For Films. Remove the negative from the reducer just before reduction is complete and rinse with a 5% solution of Sodium Sulfite to stop the action. never water to acid. Plates and Papers STOCK IODINE SOLUTION Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .1. For use. For use mix one part of Solution A with 3 parts of Solution B. Avoid breathing its fumes.25. take 1 ounce of each stock solution and add water to the mixed solutions to make 20 ounces (or take 25ml of each solution and add water to make 500ml of . distilled water is preferable.1.0 grams Iodine Crystals . pour-off the reducer and flood the negative with a 1 % solution of Sodium Bisulfite to clear it. then wash thoroughly. -.0 ml Potassium Permanganate . it must be used only in a well ventilated room.8.750.

0 liter Immerse for 10 minutes with constant rocking. NOTE: This bleach has a tendency to soften the gelatin and the negative should first be hardened in a 1% Chrome Alum solution for 3 to 5 minutes and rinsed before bleaching.In-1 BLEACHING SOLUTION Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .1.0 grams Add cold water to make .25.0 ml Hydrochloric Acid.0 ml Wash print thoroughly after treatment.13. Saturated Solution . and wash thoroughly.0 grams Acetic Acid 99% (Glacial) . -.0 ml Potassium Permanganate .6.750.working bath). but the intensified image is not permanent. irremovable stains may result. This gives the most intensification.0 grams Sodium Chloride .6. such as Ilford ID-36. concentrated . -.DEVELOPER STAIN REMOVER For Bromide Prints Potassium Alum.DEVELOPER STAIN REMOVER For Films and Plates Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) . . This gives somewhat less .50. if it is not perfectly free from hypo.0 ml Mercuric Chloride .750. gr.250.MERCURIC CHLORIDE INTENSIFIER.800 to 100 parts of water.0 grams Ammonium Chloride .25. Redevelop in any ordinary developer. Bleach until the image is white throughout. Ilford I. -. b) Any standard developer.0 liter The negative must be thoroughly washed before being placed in the above bleaching solution.1. rinse and place in a 5% solution of potassium metabisulfite until the brown stain is completely discharged. Wash well in running water and blacken in one of the following: a)1 part of ammonia sp.0 ml Add cold water to make . such as Ilford 1D-36.

Wash thoroughly. -.1.0 ml Mercuric Iodide . if more density is required. c) A 20% solution of Sodium Sulfite.0 ml Hydrochloric Acid (conc.4 ml Cold water to make . and redevelop in strong artificial light or subdued daylight (NOT direct sunlight.0 ml Water to make 1.100. -.) .0 liter The bleaching solution should be freshly made. ) 12.0 ml Hydrochloric Acid (conc. Wash thoroughly after blackening by any of the above methods. but the process may be repeated. .1.MERCURIC IODIDE INTENSIFIER. the negative after intensification is washed and developed with any plate developer. It is then washed thoroughly and dried in the normal manner.0 liter Dissolve the Sodium Sulfite in the water first. Immerse the washed negative into either of these solutions until it is entirely bleached.In-3 BICHROMATE STOCK SOLUTION Potassium Bichromate .100. then add the Mercuric Iodide.0 liter This solution keeps indefinitely.10. which will cause stains!) with any negative developer such as Ilford ID-36.1.0 grams Water to make .0 grams Sodium Sulfite (desiccated) . Ilford I.CHROMIUM INTENSIFIER. To ensure permanence. Ilford I.In-2 Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) . Solution A gives more intensification than Solution B. such as Ilford ID-36. for a few minutes.750.0 grams Add cold water to make . wash until the yellow stain is completely removed.intensification.100.2.0 liter BLEACHING SOLUTION B Bichromate stock solution 100. BLEACHING SOLUTION A Bichromate stock solution .

-.In-4 BLEACHING SOLUTION Mercuric Chloride (corrosive sublimate) .In-5 STOCK SOLUTION A Uranium Nitrate .1. Ilford IT-1 For Bromide and Multigrade Papers .URANIUM INTENSIFIER.22. Potassium Cyanide is a very strong poison and must be handled with extreme care.-.0 grams Water to make .0 grams Silver Nitrate . Ilford I. Ilford I. 4 parts. 1 part.1. Wash it in running water for 20 minutes and then immerse it in the darkening solution until it has blackened.0 liter The intensifier is prepared for use by mixing Solution A. after intensification.0 liter Dissolve the cyanide and silver nitrate in separate quantities of water and gradually add the silver nitrate solution to the cyanide. The intensification can be removed by washing in a weak solution of sodium carbonate.22.25. If.0 grams Potassium Bromide . -.1.SULFIDE TONER.0 liter STOCK SOLUTION B Potassium Ferricyanide . After treatment the negative is washed in several changes of water acidulated with a few drops of glacial acetic add.0 grams Add cold water to make . until a permanent precipitate is just produced. and is.25. Acetic Acid 99% (glacial). 4 parts. in any case.MONCKHOVEN'S INTENSIFIER. Caution-Mercuric Iodide is a poison. immerse it in the bleaching solution until the image is white throughout. with constant stirring.0 grams Water to make . Allow the mixture to stand for a short time and then filter it.1.0 liter DARKENING SOLUTION Potassium Cyanide . the negative is too dense it can be reduced with a 5% solution of hypo. Wash the negative thoroughly before drying.0 grams Add cold water to make .22. of limited permanence.14. After thoroughly washing the negative. Solution B.

25. Then wash for about 10 minutes and place in the sulfide solution.1. this bath has a reducing action on prints.150. This bath lasts for years.0 ml Potassium Ferricyanide . Ilford IT-3 . sufficient strong ammonia to form and then redissolve the precipitate formed.50. which has previously been dissolved in a small amount of water.0 liter For use.100. or by adding about 0.1. Finally.0 grams Dissolve and then add. where it will redevelop to a rich sepia color. Prints which have been correctly exposed and fully developed produce the best tones.0 grams Potassium Bromide . Warmer tones can be produced by reducing the potassium bromide in the above formula to 1/4 of the amount given. higher temperatures give colder tones. A lower temperature is not recommended as toning is unduly prolonged . drop by drop.0 grams Until ripened. it should be kept up to level by addition of fresh solution. immerse in the diluted ferricyanide solution until it is completely bleached. STOCK SULFIDE SOLUTION Sodium Sulfide . which should be developed a little further than for black-and-white. -. dilute 1 part of the above stock solution with 9 parts of water.0 grams Add cold water to make .SELENIUM TONER.0 grams Cold water to make .0 liter Sodium Thiosulfate .750.12 gram of silver nitrate. to which is added. Ilford IT-2 Hot water .STOCK FERRICYANIDE SOLUTION Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .HYPO ALUM TONER. -.1.0 liter For use. Warmer tones can be obtained by adding 1 gram of potassium iodide to each liter of the toner. Wash the print thoroughly after toning. a little at a time: Potassium Alum . After the print has been fixed and thoroughly washed. wash the prints thoroughly and swab with a tuft of cotton before drying. dilute 1 part of the above stock solution with 9 parts of water. ripening is best done by immersing some spoiled prints. The prints.100. are toned at about 120 F (50 C) for about 10 minutes. and improves with keeping.

The approximate time of toning is 10 minutes for a red tone.0 grams Selenium Powder .20.14.100. -. where the sepia tone will change to reddish brown and then to red.1.100.0 grams Add cold water to make .1. -.6.750. SELENIUM-SULFIDE STOCK SOLUTION Sodium Sulfide .0 liter STOCK SOLUTION B Citric Acid Crystals . then in the above toning bath.0 grams Gold Chloride .1. Ilford IT-5 For Blue tones on Papers STOCK SOLUTION A Thiocarbamide .GOLD TONER. and finally washed thoroughly in running water.104. Tone the prints for 2 to 3 minutes keeping them moving in the bath. Ilford IT-4 For Red Tones on Papers Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .0 grams Add cold water to make .0 liter Dissolve the sulfide and warm the solution before adding the selenium.1.8 grams Add cold water to make .0 ml Ammonium Thiocyanate .0 grams Water to make . Wash the prints thoroughly before drying.14.GOLD-THIOCARBAMIDE TONER.0 grams . For use dilute 1 part with 10 parts of water.0 grams Potassium Bromide . continue heating until the latter is completely dissolved.0 liter For use dilute 1 part with 9 parts of water.0 liter Prints are first toned in the Sulfide or Hypo-Alum toners.For Purple to Reddish Brown tones on Papers STOCK BLEACHING SOLUTION Potassium Ferricyanide .1. The prints are then refixed in a 10% solution of Sodium Thiosulfate (Hypo) for 5 to 10 minutes.

If the wash water is alkaline.0 liter For use.1.Water to make . must be thoroughly washed before toning.FERRICYANIDE-IRON TONER. They are then immersed in the toning solution until the desired tone is reached.0 ml Add cold water to make . Prints on Bromide paper should be toned from 15 to 30 minutes.0 grams Water to make . each slightly acidified with a few drops of sulfuric or acetic acid. this may be prevented by washing the toned prints in several changes of water. which should be slightly lighter than normal.1. and 10 parts of water. NEVER add water to the acid. Keep prints moving during toning and wash thoroughly after the desired tone is reached.1.2.) .0 liter STOCK SOLUTION B Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) .1. They are then washed until the yellow stain is removed from the whites.0 ml Ferric Ammonium Citrate .750. while stirring. which may boil violently. The prints. Ilford IT-6 For Blue tones on Bromide Papers SOLUTION A Warm Water (125 F or 52 C) . -.0 grams Sulfuric Acid (conc.6.0 grams Sulfuric Acid (conc. take 1 part Solution A. slowly. For use. according to tone required.) .0 ml Add cold water to make . 1 part Solution C.0 liter CAUTION: Always add the acid to the water. 1 part Solution B. .4.0 liter STOCK SOLUTION C Gold Chloride . some bleaching of the image may take place.750.2.0 ml Potassium Ferricyanide .4. mix equal parts of each solution just before use.

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