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Candle Zinc Core

Candle Zinc Core

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Published by: robert_ferna on Jul 16, 2013
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Zinc Core 36-24-24 candle wick - 50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Zinc Core 36-24-24 wicking.

Recommended for use in novelties, votives, containers 2"-3-1/4" in diameter. Zinc Core 44-24-18 candle wick - 50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Zinc Core 44-24-18 wicking. Recommended for use in novelties, votives, containers 2"-3-1/2" in diameter Cotton Core 44-28-18 wick - 50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Cotton Core 44-28-18 wicking. Cotton core wick produces the hottest flame of all the cored wick and will help control carbon buildup. This wick is constructed of 100% natural fibers. Can be used for large size Pillar candles 3"-4" in diameter and also for large container candles 3"-4" in diameter. Cotton Core 36-24-24 wick - 50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Cotton Core 36-24-24 wicking. Cotton core wick produces the hottest flame of all the cored wick and will help control carbon buildup. This wick is constructed of 100% natural fibers. Can be used for medium size jar candles 2"-3" in diameter and small to medium pillar candles 1-1/2"-3" in diameter. Can also be used for votives 1"-1-3/4" in diameter. Cotton Core 51-32-18 wick - 50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Cotton Core 51-32-18 wicking. Cotton core wick produces the hottest flame of all the cored wick and will help control carbon buildup. These wicks are constructed of 100% natural fibers. Can be used for medium-large size Pillar candles 2"-4" in diameter and also for large container candles 3"-4" in diameter FLAT BRAIDED 45 ply wick - 50 yards You are purchasing 50 yards of Flat Braided Wicking 45 ply. Recommended for common type candles 4-1/2"-5" in diameter. Buyer pays fixed amount of $4.00 for shipping to any US location SQUARE Braided Wick #3/0 - 50 yards You are purchasing 50 yards of Square Braided Wicking #3/0. Recommended for common type candles 1"-2" in diameter, 1/2"-3/4" beeswax tapers. FLAT BRAIDED 36 ply wick - 50 yards You are purchasing 50 yards of Flat Braided Wicking 36 ply. Recommended for common type candles 4"-4 1/2" in diameter. SQUARE Braided Wick #2/0 - 50 yards

Cotton Core 60-44-18 wick . This wick provides a slight curl when burning to reduce carbon build-up throughout the life of the candle system. Recommended for use in container (jar) candles 4-1/2" to 6" in diameter.50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Zinc Core 44-28-18 wicking.50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Zinc Core 62-52-18 wicking. Cotton core wick produces the hottest flame of all the cored wick and will help control carbon buildup. containers 2-1/2" to 3-3/4" in diameter. This wicking burns hotter than zinc core wicking but not as hot as cotton core wicking. Zinc Core 34-40 Wick . Can be used for large size Pillar candles 3"-4" in diameter and also for large container candles 3"-4" in diameter. Also referred to a Regular Ply or Classic wicking. Zinc Core 51-32-18 wicking .100 yards You are purchasing a spool of 100 yards of Flat Braided 15 ply candle wicking.50 yards . Recommended for common type candles 5". Recommended for common type candles 2"-3" in diameter.50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of PAPER CORE 34-40 wicking.50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Cotton Core 60-44-18 wicking. FLAT BRAIDED 15 ply wick . (Self-trimming). PAPER CORE 34-40 Wick . Can also be used in dipped tapers.You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Square Braided Wicking #2/0. FLAT BRAIDED 60 ply wick. Recommended for use in common type candles up to 1" in diameter. 1/2"-7/8" beeswax tapers. Recommended for use in novelties. pillars 1"-2-1/2" in diameter and small votives 1"-1-3/4" in diameter.50 yards You are purchasing 50 yards of Flat Braided Wicking 60 ply. Recommended for common type candles up to 2" in diameter. Zinc Core 44-28-18 wicking . Can be used for small containers 1"-2-1/2" in diameter.6" in diameter Zinc Core 62-52-18 wick .100 yards You are purchasing a spool of 100 yards of Zinc Core 34-40 wicking. These wicks are constructed of 100% natural fibers.50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Square Braided Wicking #5/0. votives. Can be used for small jar candles up to 2" in diameter SQUARE Braided Wick #5/0 .

Recommended for use in novelties. containers 2"-3-1/4" in diameter Zinc Core 44-24-18 candle wick . containers 2"-3-1/2" in diameter SQUARE Braided Wick #3/0 .50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of PAPER CORE 44-24-18 wicking.(75 yards) . SQUARE Braided Wick #2/0 .1/2 pound You are purchasing 1/2 pound (8 ounces) of Square Braided Wicking #5 containing about 75 yards of wicking.You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of Zinc Core 51-32-18 wicking. Cotton core wick produces the hottest flame of all the cored wick and will help control carbon buildup.100 yards You are purchasing a spool of 100 yards of Zinc Core 44-24-18 wicking. Can be used for medium size jar candles 2"-3" in diameter and small to medium pillar candles 1-1/2"-3" in diameter.100 yards You are purchasing a spool of 100 yards of Square Braided Wicking #2/0. This wicking burns hotter than zinc core wicking but not as hot as cotton core wicking. votives. Recommended for common type candles 6"-7" in diameter. PAPER CORE 51-32-18 Wick .100 yards You are purchasing a spool of 100 yards of Square Braided Wicking #3/0. votives. Recommended for use in novelties and jar candles 3" to 4" in diameter PAPER CORE 44-24-18 Wick . 1/2"-3/4" beeswax tapers.100 yards You are purchasing a spool of 100 yards of Cotton Core 36-24-24 wicking. 1/2"-7/8" beeswax tapers. Can be used for large jar candles 4"-5" in diameter. This wick is constructed of 100% natural fibers. This wicking burns hotter than zinc core wicking but not as hot as cotton core wicking. Recommended for common type candles 1"-2" in diameter. . Recommended for common type candles 2"-3" in diameter. SQUARE Braided Wick #5 . Can be used for medium jar candles 2"-4" in diameter Cotton Core 36-24-24 wick .100 yards You are purchasing a spool of 100 yards of Zinc Core 36-24-24 wicking. Recommended for use in novelties. Can also be used for votives 1"-1-3/4" in diameter Zinc Core 36-24-24 wicking .50 yards You are purchasing a spool of 50 yards of PAPER CORE 51-32-18 wicking.

Recommended for common type candles 2"-4" in diameter.one pound You are purchasing a spool of 336 yards (one pound) of Square Braided Wicking #1/0.SQUARE Braided Wick #1/0 . .336 yards . This is a self trimming bleached square braided wicking that is ideal for Beeswax candles but can also be used in paraffin based candles.

Accordingly. If we needed to test burn every wick with every candle. and Vegetable wick-wax. Wicks Unlimited chooses several wick candidates for optimal burn and tests each one to completion to find the best possible choice. saving time and money. our new line of self-centering wick-clip assemblies will now allow you to drop and pour. there is the potential challenge of the wick-wax melting and the wicks flopping upon pour. . Test Burning the Wick Employing a wealth of experience in test burning. the clip takes on new responsibility in providing an increasingly important measure of safety to the user. pleasant flame height. In the cost savings area. Today. fingers and glue. ensuring a continuous and complete saturation of the wick. Wicks Unlimited's Wick-Waxes We've searched the market place for the finest wick-waxes. we are able to rule out some of the smaller wicks before we begin any testing. In addition. Standard. poured but without wicks.Choosing the Right Wick Choosing the proper wick is not the only factor in obtaining an optimum candle burn but is without question the most important. We require a full set of these six candles for each scent and die combination submitted for testing. so it is helpful to use our experience in the search for the perfect wick. All of our waxing machines were engineered to our exacting specifications. that is not so. If we are unfamiliar with a customer's product. as dark colors tend to require a larger size wick to burn effectively. Today. we request four more candles. For example. we offer a 100% vegetable based wick-wax. Choosing the Appropriate Wick-Wax Choose the appropriate wick-wax for your candle. we normally request one or two of their candles with their present wick selection to use as a control. For those customers offering 100% plant-derived candles. and the wick may wind up floating in the burn pool. They are exclusive to Wicks Unlimited. When using non-metal cored wicks. It is imperative that our customer has settled on the final composition of their candle since any changes to scent. the process would take far too long. ensuring our customers' candles burn optimally from start to finish. These issues can be rectified by using a 210° high melt wax in conjuction with the non-metal cored wicks. The proper wick for any given candle provides a correctly sized burn pool. we know that the same wick will not necessarily suit both dark and light candles alike. which we use in our testing. the clip was a “taken for granted” part of the candle. High Melt. does not extinguish before its wax is exhausted. Wicks Unlimited has developed a set of guidelines used to narrow the wick choice down from the wide range of wicks we offer. A similar situation can occur in a 180° burn pool where the standard wick-wax will melt. Wicks Unlimited offers a choice of three different wick-waxes. Through extensive test burning. and has a safe. your concerns about trapped heat or igniting residue at the bottom of the candle also diminish. die or oil content can affect the candle's burn greatly Choosing the Right Wick-Wax and Clip Why Do You Need the Clip? In the past. As the longer length clip safely extinguishes the flame as it enters the barrel.

8 mm 6. Our goal in the design of these machines was 100% predictability in the quality of the waxed wick. or sold on reels to our customers.5 mm .394” . The Clip Does More Than Support The Wick: Wicks Unlimited offers steel tin coated clips in five different heights as necessary to ensure the safety of your candle. Stimpson Co.010 tin coated steel.. . commonly referred to as the world's leading manufacturer of quality metal fasteners and an ISO 9001:2008 certified company.571” Wick-Waxes We've searched the market place for the finest wick-waxes.Description Standard Wick-Wax High Melt Wick-Wax Vegetable Wick-Wax Nature Paraffin Based Paraffin Based Vegetable Based Drop Melt Point 162° F 210° F 176° F Wicks Unlimited's Wick-Clips Our clips are manufactured to the specifications of our parent company. Choose the Appropriate Wax When using non-metal cored wicks. All of our clips are manufactured from .510” .0 mm 10. All of our waxing machines are engineered and built to our exacting specifications and are exclusive to Wicks Unlimited. High Melt. and the wick may wind up floating in the burn pool.0 mm 13.236” . Standard Length Medium Length Safety Length Super-Safety Super-Safety Plus 3.0 mm 14. whether used in the production of our wick-clip assemblies.150” . there is the potential of the wick-wax melting and the wicks flopping upon pour. 25% heavier than many of the clips currently being offered. A similar situation can occur in a 180° burn pool where the standard wick-wax will melt. This ensures the strength of the clip as it accepts the crimp and stabilizes the wick-clip assembly.. Wicks Unlimited offers a choice of three different wick-waxes: Standard. and Vegetable wick-wax. Inc.

Therefore. wicks with high liquid flow characteristics are more compatible and successful with vegetable-based fuels. Wick Choice In general. . one of which is soot. Soot Issues When these compounds are burned. easily-renewable ingredients of vegetable waxes appeal to retail customers’ environmental sensitivities and combustion emissions concerns.These issues can be rectified by using a 210° high melt wax in conjuction with the non-metal cored wicks. requiring an unimpeded conduit for maximizing capillary action. they create a number of by-products of combustion. and makes it easier to work with in production. in general. Two examples of these products are 100% Soy Oil and Palm Oil derived waxes. proper wick sizing is the key to optimum vegetable-based candle burning as much as it is in any other candle product. This allows the wick to burn in a more uniform and predictable manner. Wicked candles will overwhelm clean efficient combustive reactions and produce black soot and smoke regardless of the wax origins. is tan in color compared to macro-particle black carbon chains. The plant-derived wax is more viscous when liquified. About Vegetable Waxes And Combustion Plant-based waxes have now become viable fuels for the candle industry alongside the more traditional fuels. The all-natural. This soot is less visible than other combusted fuels in that it. Wicks Unlimited Wick-Waxes Description Standard Wick-Wax High Melt Wick-Wax Vegetable Wick-Wax Nature Paraffin Based Paraffin Based Vegetable Based Drop Melt Point 162° F 210° F 176° F Wax Penetration of Wick There is a difference in Wick-Waxing Wicks Unlimited’s waxing procedures saturate the wick to its core by gently forcing air out of the raw wick.

the design is effective in metering the melted liquid at a consistent flow rate which increases the predictability and lessens the fluctuations in the candles burning. A weak crimp can cause the wick to be pulled from the tab during the straightening process on the production line. Safety (Self-Extinguishing) Wick Tabs Wick tabs with overall heights of 6 and 10 millimeters are now becoming commonplace in the candle industry. pour the wax and straighten the wick. The exceptions to the rule are cored wicks that are directional. Wicks exceeding that length. overheating the side closest to the flame and. Uniform Wick Height In candle manufacturing. For those candles which are not pre-glued. The Centered Wick A very important characteristic of a correctly burning candle is that the wick is centered inside the candle from top to bottom. exhibiting an overactive flame and sooting. there are other physical issues to keep in mind. This unattractive result normally leaves the customer feeling cheated. Vegetable Wick-Wax Although candles made from plant-based waxes can use both petroleum and vegetable-based wick-waxes with equal success. ensured by our computer-controlled crimpers and then tested by pull gauges at various points in the production run. replacing the 3. Wicks Unlimited offers a 100% vegetable-based wick-wax with a drop melt point of 176° F Why Choosing the Right Wick. in turn. since they are engineered to promote liquid flow in one direction more than the other.5 pounds. An off-center wick can often make even the perfect wick choice look like a poor one by consuming a disproportionate amount of wax in one area of the candle. In these types of wicks. . Wicks Unlimited's wick clip machines can cut to customer requirements at 1/64" increments. Trimming the wicks while on the production line to compensate for this excess length adds an additional step to the manufacturing process. Wicks Unlimited has developed a line of selfcentering wick clips which are offered for votive to apothecary size candles. Wax. This unfortunate event renders the candle unburnable.8 millimeter tabs which were standard at one time. the ideal wick will be exposed 1/4" above the top of the candle. usually eliminating the need for any wick trimming. Wicks Unlimited's dedication to quality ensures the best possible choices for all your candles. As you might imagine. The aim is to allow our customers to simply drop the wick in. will have the tendency to produce too large a flame and to smoke excessively as the candle struggles to secure its initial fuel supply. Wicks Unlimited insists upon 4.Non-cored wicks usually will allow a more predictable and consistent flow of molten wax because they have less material density in their total surface area than cored wicks.. More about wicks. The minimum suggested crimp hold is 2 to 3 pounds of tensile strength. the side farthest from the flame normally remains unconsumed. and Clip are Important In the search for the optimum candle burn.5 to 9. for those manufacturers desiring to remain 100% vegetablebased. when lit. Adequate Crimp Pressure Many of the wick-tabbing machines on the market today produce a crimp strength which varies over the course of the production run.

our optional non-puncturing crimp prevents the wick tab from being pierced in the crimping process. These problems can be rectified by using our high melt wax which has a drop melt point of 210 degrees Fahrenheit. the non-puncturing crimp cuts off fuel to the flame when the wax level reaches the top of the wick tab. Container candles may entrap an increasing amount of heat as they burn. minimal sooting and a well-sized flame throughout the length of the entire candle. The piercing of the wick tab enables enhanced crimp pressure. There are no shortcuts in the pursuit of a quality candle. The longer wick tabs are more expensive due to a more involved manufacturing process required to produce them and some candle manufacturers may feel that their customers will perceive the additional wax left at the bottom of the candle at the end of its burn as waste. Common Burn Issues The proper wick for any given candle provides a correctly sized burn pool. in doing so. This inhibits the ignition of carbon deposits which may be lying on the floor of the candle hence increasing the overall safety of the candle. but the more safety-conscious candle manufacturers opt for the longer tabs citing safety as one of their biggest concerns. Although this leaves more wax on the bottom of the candle. It provides the liquid fuel required by the flame and it regulates the "scent throw. it provides for an increased measure of safety.8 mm tabs. However. the level of wax in the candle possibly can. at which point the wick wax melts away leaving the wick to support itself without its wax sheathing. and has a safe. When observing the characteristics of a proper burn.As the flame cannot proceed lower than the top of the tab. as although the flame can never go lower than the height of the wick tab. does not extinguish before its wax is exhausted. flush with the bottom of the clip is preferable not only for appearance but to ensure that the wick clip assembly extends straight up at a 90° angle from the base of the candle. the taller tabs naturally keep the flame higher off the floor of the candle than the 3." . That's why Wicks Unlimited tests each candle to its completion. a good clean cut. but can also allow for the possibility for wax to be drawn through the tear in the wick clip wall. For maximum safety. possibly feeding the flame until the wax level of the candle reaches the crimp level. it is important to achieve a properly sized burn pool. With the eyelet thoroughly glued in place shutting off wax to the bottom of the wick tab. The Burn Pool The burn pool serves two main functions for a candle. Wick Collapse Non-metal-cored wicks are prone to flopping when certain candles are poured or during the burn when the burn pool is excessively hot and deep. so the way a candle burns in the first half of its life may not indicate how it will burn toward the end. providing the proper start to a perfectly centered wick. pleasant flame height. Tails of Wick Clip Assemblies Many wick clip assemblies in the industry have a small tail of wick extending from the base of the clip.

In both cases. and. Too much heat will also cause the fragrance to break down. choosing too large a wick will result in excessive flame size and hence a large burn pool. collapse the walls. reducing the disbursement of scent and requiring a greater flow of oxygen which. in the case of pillar candles." Too small a wick will either cause the wick to drown in its burn pool or to create too small a pool resulting in "tunneling" and reduction of burn time. combine with oxygen and complete the burning process. the customer will almost certainly feel disappointed by his or her purchase. Soot is the black substance found in smoke. the customer's satisfaction. After all.In general. Mushroom Capping Mushrooming occurs when there is an overabundance of wax fuel to be combusted. creating a collection of partially reduced molecules which are unable to reach the flame. Too high a flame not only will cause "sooting" but can also become quite dangerous. The choice of the proper wick for a particular candle's composition will determine the success of the burn pool and ultimately. the wick is the candle's sole conduit for fuel. Flame Height Flame height is another determining factor in judging the overall burn of the candle and it is also ultimately determined by the wick choice. It is comprised of tiny particles of unburned fuel and its excessive presence indicates incomplete combustion and the improper wick choice. . causing too large a portion of the candle to liquify. causes burning inconsistency and "sooting. in turn.

or the wrong type of wick in general Afterglow Afterglow occurs when an individual manually extinguishes the flame but the charcoaled mass of wick at the end continues to throw off soot. This excess fuel can be caused by an oversized wick providing more wax to the flame than can be burned. but it becomes "afterglow" when it continues for minutes. . where oxygen is present. All wicks do this to some extent when they are blown out. This condition most often occurs as a direct result of mushroom capping during the burn Combustion 101 All combustion takes place on the outside edge of the flame where oxygen and heat are at their maximum. Ideal Complete Combustion Ideal combustion is completed outside of the flame. builds up as a carbon cap on the end of the wick. and through molecular attraction. combustion is completed outside of the flame. CO2 + H2O +Heat +Light In ideal complete combustion.As a result. where oxygen is present. the incompletely combusted material falls back onto the wick.

Diffusion Diffusion is the process of liquified wax penetrating the wick's cotton fibers. . As a result. not all the fuel is completely broken down and is cast off into the environment in the form of soot. Capillary Action Capillary action is the method by which fuel is pulled up into the wick by the combustion of the flame.Incomplete Combustion Incomplete combustion occurs when there is more fuel present than can be combusted by the flame.

Atkins & Pearce Candle Wicks Atkins and Pearce is the leading supplier of candle wick to North America. Both wicks are commonly used in votives.06% lead by . Fuel Reduction Mushrooming. carbon capping. providing support during pouring and burning.. Concern over trace elements of lead has resulted in the Consumer Product Safety Commission defining a lead cored wick to be one containing greater than .Vaporization of Fuel Vaporization of fuel is required to complete the combustion process. The wax cannot be consumed until it is transformed into a gas. Zinc core wick produces the coolest flame and offers the most rigidity of all cored wick. Wicks Unlimited carries in inventory over 125 different wicks from Atkins and Pearce’s extensive line of high quality wicks.. The cotton core wick produces the hottest flame of all cored wick which helps control carbon buildup. Zinc Core Wicks This wick has a cotton outer braid surrounding a thin filament of zinc. or carbon deposits are the result of unburned fuel and soot accumulating on the end of the wick. pillars and containers and are constructed with 100% natural fibers. Cotton and Paper Core Wicks A cotton outer braid surrounds an inner filament of cotton or paper. available for just-in-time shipment. The paper core wick produces a cooler flame than the cotton core but offers more rigidity.

. such as tapers and pillars. Aroma-Lite Wicks A corded wick constructed of 100% natural fibers.. Square Braided Wicks This is a square braided. This wick is designed to provide a slight bend when burned. Combined with Wicks Unlimited’s high melt wax coating. All About Wicks. Its open construction and chemical treatment process makes it an excellent choice for waxes that are highly viscous when melted. Citronella Wicks This wick is ideal for buckets and large jars. pillars. well below the standard. . Aroma-Lite is also designed to reduce and/or inhibit carbon heading. This newest generation of Atkins & Pearce wick is specially engineered to burn in candle systems with high levels of fragrance. but with thin paper fibers intertwined. Ply Wicks Ply wick has a decorative appearance and is commonly used in dipped or molded selfsupporting candles.weight in the metal. gel and vegetable candles that require hotter burn conditions. The result is a cleaner burning. the HTP wick is an excellent alternative in hard-to-burn applications and is a good all around choice for paraffin. Performa Wicks Performa wick is a non-curling flat braided wick with a high stalk height. more efficient flame. beeswax. which allows for an even burn and a reduction of carbon formation at the wick’s tip. It is made from oversized cotton to provide the highest output of citronella. bleached cotton wick. HTP Wicks The HTP wick is flat braided in design.004%. Zinc wire has a maximum level of lead impurities of . Performa wick is appropriate for applications such as tapers. These features promote a more symmetrical wax pool and self-trimming posture. structurally having a very open matrix and slight curl when burning to minimize carbon buildup. This blend of all-natural braided textiles is designed especially for those tough-to-burn container and pillar systems. viscous waxes and medium to large containers. controlled curling and a hotter. like beeswax and vegetable wax. self-trimming wick with additional structural strength. Its reinforced design provides increased rigidity in the wax pool as well as in drawing some of the harder to burn viscous waxes.

Have you ever wondered what all those wick numbers mean? Wicks have from 1 to 5 numbers which actually have meaning even to the beginning candlemaker. why so many different wick types? The different types of wicks are: 1. This temperature varies according to the previous numbers.Zinc. the larger the meltpool (which can mean better fragrance throw). your flame will extinguish before it gets too close to the glass base. the tighter the braid. (NOTE: Wicks used in votives. .. The metal stem on the base is called the Wick Collar (or neck). For making gel candles it is recommended that you use a wick tab with a collar no less than 6mm long. The last letter is as follows: Z=Zinc Core P=Paper Core C=Cotton Core H=Hemp So . gel. Spool wick is usually used for pillars and tapers. All our wick tabs are 9mm. These are also braided wicks with a cross section. This wick type curls into the flame while burning which causes a self-trimming effect and virtually eliminates carbon build-up (also known as mushrooming).This wick is most commonly used in tapers and pillars.These braided wicks also curl in the flame. . they are preferred in beeswax applications and can help inhibit clogging of the wick when there are higher levels of non-combustible material (such as high pigment or fragrance). The second number indicates the speed at which the wick was sent through the braiding machine. A wick that continues to burn too close to the bottom of the glass container will most likely heat the glass enough to break it. meltpool and rate of wax consumption. . Because they are more rounded and a bit more robust than the flat wicks. This is to stop the candle burning when the flame reaches the bottom of your container. For example. Pre-tabbed wicks have a stiff wick and a silver base called a Tab. paper. the faster the speed. the less fuel consumption. The size of the wick is determined by how many spools of yarn were used to make the wick. but the most common sizes are 15mm and 20mm. 2. Each wick will create a different flame height. Wick tabs come in many sizes. we sell wicks with a series of 3 numbers and a "Z" at the end. paper and cotton cored wicks were developed to take the place of lead core wicks. Flat braid cotton . These wicks are used most frequently in taper or pillar applications. The need for cored wicks arose with the popularity of container candles and their need for a rigid wick that would remain supported and centered in the hot melted wax. Square braid cotton . Hence. Pre-tabbed wicks are necessary for making votives and container candles (both paraffin and gel). Collars also come in different lengths. The zinc. This measurement is for the round disc base.Understanding Wicks Wicks come as pre-tabbed wicks or by the spool (or yard). The USA no longer permits lead core wicks to be manufactured here. 3. The first number tells you the wick size. jars and gels require a wick tab for keeping the wick centered and/or fastened. If you are making candles with sand or decorative items please read Wick Stop Safety. the larger the wick. cotton or hemp. Cored Wicks . They are used in jar candles. By using a longer wick collar. The tighter the braid. The third number/ last number is a code for the temperature of the wax as the wick is fed through the gears of the braiding machine. and usually the higher the wax consumption. The higher the number. pillars and votives. The higher the number.

and other applications.Gel burns at a hotter temperature than paraffin/wax.4. This wick is wax coated and is a cotton flat braid with a strand of paper braided into it for hotter burning. but wanted to observe it anyway. and therefore requires a larger wick than a paraffin candle of the same diameter. Which wick should I use? This is the most common question we are asked. The differences you should notice as you burn a candle are meltpool size. Palm. and burn rate (the amount of time it takes a particular wick to consume all the wax in the candle). As you burn your test candle. * Type of Wax .e. Candlemaking is a science and requires extensive experimentation in order to achieve a safe quality product. it usually requires a size larger wick. wicks used for citronella. only the wax and wick. you must re-test. I knew the wick was too large. Factors to Consider * Diameter of Candle . Soy/Vegetable. I'm still trying to properly wick that candle. it is too large? (I was observing a new wick size the other day and made a candle with a #6 wick. HTP Wicks . the smoke detector alarm was going off. In order to achieve this you must discover the right wick with the right wax. so I took the candle home to observe the burning. The wick that works best in your candle may not work so well in mine. Soy/Vegetable container wax has a low MP and will require a smaller wick than the same size paraffin candle. oil lamps. The same is true for Beeswax. . It's always best to begin your observation with a non-fragranced and non-dyed candle. thus reducing the carbon build-up common to the zinc core wicks. In other words. These are a rigid wick and are also self-trimming.i. My hubby wanted to know if I was trying to burn the house down :-) The flame was almost 4" high. your wick is too small. fiberglass wicks. paraffin. observe how much wax the candle consumes. and in some cases. Even the most experienced candlemaker will tell you that the only way to definitively answer that question is to TEST. The following considerations are a starting point in your testing process. Beeswax. Why? The different components in a candle which effect the burn quality of a particular wick are:        Diameter of Candle Type of Candle (Container or Free-Standing) Fuel type (Gel.The American version of the "German Wick". The relationship between the wick size and candle diameter will affect the meltpool of your candle. Because of it's irregular shape and large size I've determined I will have to triple wick it and probably need to use a lower meltpoint wax. and I still didn't have a meltpool anywhere near the size I wanted. each time you change one ingredient. TEST. You may want to try our Wick Slab Test. Used in jar candles. gels. votives and pillars. Since Beeswax is a much harder wax than paraffin. Specialty Wicks . It is a heart shaped pillar. Is it leaving a large portion of unmelted wax around the parameter? Is it burning the entire diameter of the candle and spilling over? (Not good if you're making a pillar candle ~ Great if you're making a container candle!) Is the flame smoking? Does the flame keep extinguishing? If the flame keeps extinguishing. TEST. HTP stands for High Temperature Paper.The first factor to consider is the diameter of your candle. Understandably so considering the goal of every candlemaker is to produce a slow and clean burning candle with a great scent throw. Once you have achieved the safest and best burning candle. 5. If it is smoking. tea lights.) By the way. multiple wicks. Liquid) Wax Meltpoint Additives Dye Color (Light or Dark) Fragrance or Non-Fragrance Different wicks produce different results in each candle. flame height. A smaller diameter candle requires a smaller wick while a larger diameter candle requires a larger wick. That's a very large wick.

***I ALWAYS (thank God) test burn my votives in a snug fitting holder. To relate the first 2 considerations: A 2" pillar candle using a paraffin wax of 145* MP will usually require a smaller wick than a 2" pillar using a 165* MP wax. My votives are very low mp designed to liquefy and burn away completely. The meltpoint is the temperature in which the wax melts. I thought it was worth posting here since we're discussing this very issue.e.. NOTE: If you do not know the meltpoint of your wax you can determine it by using this procedure: Completely melt your wax and then turn off the heat. pillars are a disaster if they totally liquify. For information on fragrance please go to About Gel. After writing this article. Put that holder on a ceramic dish and put a hurricane glass over it. test.Adding Vybar. Once you choose the correct wick for your test with the wax and wick only.Dye or fragrance can be a clogging culprit in your candle. you will find that once you add fragrance or dye. test.. A clogged wick will not continue burning. This will help you determine the meltpoint. * Dye and Fragrance . NOTE: Do not use melted crayons to color your candle. * Type of Candle . (NOTE: paraffin container candles usually are best when made with a low MP wax i. I was having some problems with my current wicks and had read about the Performa on various egroup list. you may need to change the wick size. Some fragrance is thicker than other fragrance. Often you will need to move up a wick size once adding a hardener. For a 3" container candle . For Gel candles you have to use gel-safe fragrance or embed frangranced wax into the gel. but you bought it from a different supplier. Hardening the wax can cause the perfect wick to become too small for the candle. Too much candle dye can also clog a wick. . not self trimming like the LX wicks but overall it's looking good. Here it is: "Hi everyone. All for safety. I am looking for a new votive wick. Even if it is the same flavor. Flame was a little high to start with.burn 4 hours.I am cross posting which I never do because I want to make sure new people read .. Feel free to copy this post to send to new candlemakers.this is one reason to test. Votives are usually burned in a container and completely liquify when burning. So I ordered some to try. Stearic. You must consider this while still factoring the diameter of the candle. This usually requires a smaller wick. This is sure to clog your wick. This is how the test went: Test burn 1.they has to fit your formula. And the meltpoint can reach 230* with microcrystalline and additives. observe the temperature which the wax begins to harden. Let candle cool down.You must consider the type of candle you are making. The same desired result is true with container candles. Roomy enough for air flow.. * Additives . Crystals and other hardeners will effect the wick size. Using your thermometer.A 3" gel container is going to require a larger wick than a 3" paraffin container. and thus a different fragrance added to the same candle may require a different wick. On the other hand. I have tested various wicks.. I came across Diane's Wick Testing Warning. I also test burn in the bathroom or kitchen on ceramic countertops.Wax meltpoints for paraffin can range from 120* to 165*. while a high MP wax will require a larger wick. or even have such a large meltpool that the melted wax is flowing over the edges. I made candles years ago and have made them for the last two years. 128* MP). So I read the burn rates and decided to try the smallest (60) Performa in my votives.

I'll let it keep burning to see what the final burn hours are for the votive. test every time you change something..test. Just for the experimenting side of candlemaking :-) Everyone have a great day! Diane in FL" Wick Size Guidelines: We have suggested uses for each size of wick on our Wick Page . By this time it is evening and I'm not thinking I need to hover over this candle anymore. Then comes back. I burn one of every batch of candles I make all the way down to see how the final flame is.. This will give you a starting place for your wick testing. They are going to light it and walk away. This is why.... After further research on these wicks I read on one information place that these wicks are good for soy. Flaming fire! It was contained inside the container.... If you only have a high temp wax to work with these might be some wicks you want to try. every day I burned it.same votive. I'm watching TV and one of my cats (out of 10) keeps coming in the LR staring at me. I always test like I think someone who doesn't know anything about candles will burn their candle.remember my safety rules. Trim wick... My hypothesis is that my formula is low temp. . Everything was beautiful.the wick burned hotter so when it got down to the last 1/4 inch wax it overheated and caught fire.wraps around and walks back down the hall. This is a beautiful flame. I want to stress there wasn't anything wrong with the wick. So I walk over to pet him. I have some 140 I'm going to mix up and see how they work. So I follow him. So I keep checking it.trim wick to l/4 inch and lit votive. Wick doesn't need trimmed. He wraps himself around my legs and walks down the hall. Burn it about 6 hours and notice the whole thing is liquid so I blow it out. They aren't going to trim it regularly or hover over it. If I had not tested this wick in this way then I would have given this away and it would have happened to one of my friends or children who are not as cautious as I am. Begin burning. I see flashes of light that are brighter than they should be coming from the bathroom.great throw.. It was the combination of wick and my formula was a bad fit. Votives is burning nice .....Test burn 2.beautiful. Look inside and the votive was on fire. Otherwise my bathroom would have been in flames and my Grandson was sleeping in the bedroom that backs that bathroom.. If I had not burned that votive all the way down I would not have known it could flash fire with my formula.. I'm loving this flame. test... That flame looked great all day. burn time is going great. Going great over the hours. Test burn 3. I know it wasn't a flash from unmixed scent because of the way I cook my formula.

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