DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL ...................................................................................

i

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN .........................................................................

ii

DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................................

iv

A. PENDAHULUAN ..................................................................................

1

B. EPIDEMIOLOGI DAN INSIDENSI ......................................................

3

C. ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI ................................................................

4

D. ETIOLOGI ..............................................................................................

6

E. PATOFISIOLOGI ...................................................................................

7

F. KLASIFIKASI .........................................................................................

8

G. DIAGNOSIS ...........................................................................................

9

1. GAMBARAN KLINIS ......................................................................

9

2. PEMERIKSAAN UMUM .................................................................

11

3. GAMBARAN RADIOLOGI .............................................................

11

4. PEMERIKSAAN LABORATORIUM ..............................................

14

H. DIAGNOSA BANDING ........................................................................

16

I. PENATALAKSANAAN ..........................................................................

17

J. KOMPLIKASI .........................................................................................

19

K. PENCEGAHAN ......................................................................................

21

L. PROGNOSIS ...........................................................................................

21

LAMPIRAN REFERENSI

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