Corus Special Profiles

Bulb flats
For plate stiffening

Introduction Plate stiffening 2 Bulb flats .

the international metals Our priority at Special Profiles is company. supplying the shipbuilding and bridge building industries for over Bulb flats sales are co-ordinated 40 years from our rolling mill facility from Corus’ Skinningrove sales at Skinningrove. The team at the mill utilises phase. delivery requirements on a world-wide basis. Bulb flats 3 . Recognition of the advantages that bulb flats provide is resulting in their increased usage for shipbuilding and bridge building. Their special www. providing details of when ISO 9002. staying close to the customer. Bulb flats provide benefits co-ordinated from the Skinningrove during the initial steel construction office. We are certified to produced. and also during the working Corus’ shipping and distribution life of a ship or other products on organisation to meet customer which they are used. Their special shape provides significant benefits when compared with other types of stiffener. Daily contact is maintained through Our business is a leading producer Corus’ network of overseas offices of bulb flat profiles. Corus Special Profiles is part Customer service of Corus.com shape provides significant benefits compared with other types of Customer service for bulb flats is stiffener.Introduction Bulb flats are tailor made for plate stiffening applications.corus-specialprofiles. We have been and agents. each bulb flat size will be rolled and despatched. A rolling guideline is regularly of England. in the North East office. An electronic version is Bulb flats are tailor made for plate also available on our website: stiffening applications.

Their shape if damaged profiles need to bars or structural angles. • • The curved surface of a bulb The asymmetric bulb flat shape flat is less likely to trap moisture lends itself to simplified collar or pollutants which can initiate connection when compared to corrosion. and they are more “user • The compact shape of a bulb friendly” for repair and maintenance. rolling guideline. bulb flats are more cost effective. Material is less They are “ready to use” plate stiffeners. we recognise that reducing building time and costs and minimising “through life costs” during a vessel’s life are major issues. they have a smaller surface area This can dramatically reduce the than other stiffeners with the lifetime maintenance cost. Please contact our sales office for flat offers easy access for compared with other stiffeners: further information or a copy of our welding and painting. • coating material costs because extended time in port for removal. alternative stiffeners such as ‘T’s and angles. Compared with • The rounded profile of a bulb flat. This The advantages of bulb flats stretch welding is easier. cargo holds. with no sharp corners. assists likely to become trapped in Bulb flats can also reduce “blind corners” and require welded or fabricated stiffeners. 4 Bulb flats . features. and the results in a more efficient beyond the initial building phase compact shape of a bulb flat strength to weight ratio compared to provide benefits during the also results in less welding. The unique shape of a bulb same section modulus. flat distributes steel to maximise • Access for inspection and resistance to buckling. with other stiffeners such as flat working life of a ship. has inherent corrosion resistance be replaced.Shipbuilding At Special Profiles. Bulb flats offer many unique benefits • for achieving these objectives: • • Bulb flats are easier and quicker to clean in ballast tanks and effective and efficient painting.

Shipbuilding Shipbuilding Bulb flats 5 .

• Bulb flats are more cost effective than fabricated plate stiffeners. Please contact our sales office for further information. angles which offer equivalent buckling resistance. painting and inspection. 6 Bulb flats . engineers and designers on how to incorporate bulb flats in bridges. This work investigated • Bulb flats can save weight the buckling capacity of plate and compared with flat bars and bulb flat stiffener arrangements. We The advantages that bulb flats offer have conducted research in assist both the initial construction conjunction with Imperial College. phase as well as the working life of London and the Bridge Engineering the bridge: Division of the UK Department of the Environment. • Bulb flats reduce painting costs. both large and small. and stiffening of steel decks on small bridges. are the most well known developments in recent years Corus offers advice to consultant incorporating bulb flats. such as stiffening of box girders and plate girders. by having a smaller surface area than other stiffener arrangements • The compact shape of a bulb flat provides easy access for welding. It enhances the world. and minimises dirt The Jiangyin and Øresund bridges and moisture traps.Bridge building Recognition of the benefits which • The rounded shape of a bulb flat bulb flats provide is resulting in provides inherent corrosion increased usage in bridges around resistance features. Bulb flats fulfil a range of applications in bridges. drainage.

Bridge building Bridge building Bulb flats 7 .

5 41.7 49.2 22.31 8.5 48.0 67.5 62.25 9.4 89.4 81.5 19.5 53.549 0.910 0.5 19.0 52.326 0.681 0.975 0.778 0.6 73.5 60.8 13.1 32.2 17.1 48.546 0.319 0.5 5.8 18.7 11.9 61.0 11.641 0.3 32.0 45.31 10.5 62.593 0.6 48.5 28.3 45.505 0.8 28.4 13.8 Additional sizes may be available by agreement: 80 & 100 DIN range 180.637 0.2 22.3 48.0 52.5 54.5 16.6 26.8 28.844 0.0 80.320 0.8 69.9 56.0 52.7 19. 230 and 250 JIS range * Values for H are taken about the line of attachment.5 58 58 58 58 62.7 22.5 16.7 17.4 31.1 32.9 56.4 89.463 0.8 32.1 38.7 39.4 32.8 28.774 0.456 0.912 0.842 0.0 41.5 12 13 14 12 13 14 15 12.461 0.2 21.9 67.6 90.7 17.9 66.5 45.986 U [m2/m] .5 53.6 14.2 42.2 32.5 16.5 53.3 28.5 26.5 9.74 10.7 38.5 11.7 22.5 20.980 0.4 34.4 46.2 42.0 115.276 0.4 27.415 0.8 28.9 56.4 35.0 70.21 9.2 53.2 65.1 103.4 25.547 0.6 52.6 25.9 80.8 66.727 0.5 46.5 10 11 12 10 11 12 10. 200.5 5.3 36.730 0.4 12.1 21.3 45.685 0.457 0.6 57.2 17.8 18.595 0.908 0.5 25.7 12.8 24.840 0.280 0.8 16.6 23.2 22.7 52.0 42.3 14.7 42.374 0.2 70.5 35.9 61.551 0.4 33.501 0.0 42.9 61.503 0.3 30.8 52.772 0.8 66.5 25.639 0.7 19.0 42.9 56.7 17.3 77.5 9 10 11 12 9 10 11 12 9.5 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 16.5 8.369 0.2 57.4 60.367 0.418 0.776 0.6 48.0 31.4 38.732 0.6 45.6 27.728 0.6 16.1 32.907 0.2 33.6 58.5 25.7 77.8 63.4 35.7 41.5 7 8 10 7 8 9 11.0 22.5 69.6 54. 8 Bulb flats Surface Area r [mm] Area of crosssection F [cm2] 5 5 5 5.839 0.411 0.6 73.5 5.0 0.846 0.8 29.5 53.636 0.7 38.0 56.7 19.322 0.8 66.2 25.Dimensions and properties Dimensions and properties Width Thickness b [mm] t [mm] 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 370 400 430 6 7 8 6.365 0.1 35.6 48.3 41.8 62.5 11 12 13 11 12 13 11.7 14.5 19.0 47.8 17 17 17 19 19 19 19 22 22 22 22 25 25 25 25 28 28 28 28 28 31 31 31 31 34 34 34 34 37 37 37 40 40 40 40 43 43 43 46 46 46 46 49 49 49 49 53.5 63.459 0.19 9.9 36.8 16.7 94.6 19.5 16.5 17.593 0.5 25.2 22.0 17.5 62.683 0.8 51.5 60.6 29.4 85.1 54.5 13 14 15 16 13 14 15 16 14 15 17 20 Mass per Unit Length G [kg/m] Bulb Height Bulb Width Bulb Radius c [mm] d [mm] 7.2 24.976 0.7 19.278 0.413 0.4 35.5 8 9 10 11.9 20.9 37.7 23.7 37.5 18 18 18 18 19.4 29.9 61.8 21.507 0.

00 1.0 5.686 9.9 13.44 9.11 57.32 5.82 0.05 34.31 2.07 15.7 9.251 0.94 9.8 17.58 7.21 8.0 131.4 9.1 41.51 2.67 4.2 17.06 56.0 59.7 43.80 39.05 5.86 6.80 8.73 1.00 1.3 14.18 1.6 8.64 0.9 62.84 8.1 81.30 97.9 172.68 5.86 7.00 16.0 23.10 10.09 31.383 2.60 7.55 0.26 6.45 2.44 85.25 43.82 0.8 5.2 12.60 12.10 3.8 74.7 69.05 13.9 13.53 13.73 25.57 Axis y-y [cm] 0.4 39.6 145.6 50.0 94.00 1.1 16.6 16.9 16.60 12.3 61.21 18.95 6.73 1.66 11.7 85.19 8.0 266.4 15.0 139.92 100.2 8.51 0.34 34.55 7.4 15.61 12.36 1.3 10.76 17.73 1.71 4.6 12.82 0.3 99.6 176.32 6.0 17.0 10.9 327.100 2.84 8.87 1.2 40.06 71.27 1.9 60.9 21.0 41.55 53.16 6.5 19.4 6.27 1.91 0.39 4.63 10.1 9.62 9.00 5.66 11.86 27.924 11.66 0.0 6.45 63.1 73.0 9.65 5.0 77.76 18.00 91.8 204.57 3.75 3.0 39.6 Elastic Modulus Axis x-x [cm3] 18.9 6.98 31.55 0.46 22.3 105 113 122 123 126 137 148 153 162 175 184 191 206 221 222 239 256 266 274 294 313 313 335 357 379 390 402 428 455 481 476 507 537 568 594 628 700 804 Radius of Gyration Axis y-y [cm3] Axis x-x [cm] 4.55 59.0 9.3 9.19 44.03 23.6 11.8 79.33 97.82 0.8 55.73 0.20 1.81 20.9 18.8 53.528 0.37 22.1 116.2 78.74 4.0 31.3 Second Moment of Area Axis x-x [cm4] 133 148 164 228 241 266 316 373 411 448 544 609 665 717 799 902 941 1020 1090 1160 1296 1400 1500 1590 1800 1860 2000 2130 2477 2610 2770 3223 3330 3550 3760 4190 4460 4720 5370 5530 5850 6170 6760 7160 7540 7920 9213 9470 9980 10490 10980 12280 12930 13580 14220 16460 17260 18860 21180 Axis y-y [cm4] 2.72 4.90 10.7 83.6 124.242 0.61 13.47 9.1 109 107 106 104 122 121 119 118 117 136 134 132 130 148 147 146 144 162 160 158 175 174 172 170 189 187 185 202 201 199 197 215 213 211 209 236 235 232 230 228 258 255 252 250 277 274 269 263 dy [mm] 5.9 10.09 10.9 15.6 187.6 14.9 356.3 131 132 133 135 221 221 223 225 227 357 359 362 364 557 562 576 570 1.3 47.91 0.72 10.59 1.3 91.36 1.10 10.73 0.6 91.6 81.65 13.9 98.73 1.54 13.82 5.16 1.575 1.Dimensions and properties Distance of Centre of Gravity dx [mm] 72.95 6.58 2.7 26.6 75.64 8.63 0.0 32.3 176.5 49.03 28.16 19.42 75.18 1.129 9.2 18.4 21.47 9.7 194.74 80.9 215.6 255.6 43.2 92.12 1.1 67.6 83.44 6.3 13.8 19.8 35.93 5.0 70.00 1.6 126.45 1.43 42.02 5.77 20.504 0.7 11.9 12.7 25.71 11.9 16.58 0.02 83.595 2.86 1.936 6.42 4.57 7.34 2.6 24.81 9.508 0.8 15.1 8.87 Warping Constant Torsional Constant H* [cm6(x103)] J [cm4] 0.3 232.73 10.09 1.64 0.44 63.18 1.1 7.93 15.6 94.46 1.90 49.09 1.50 0.1 14.4 12.89 25.3 7.84 45.2 55.3 148.04 5.4 13.91 0.6 112 115 119 123 127 140 145 150 155 175 181 193 209 3.45 1.31 17.17 77.1 63.70 14.68 33.87 1.6 10.7 185.55 13.6 313.7 108.41 4.8 20.02 58.8 89.6 6.36 1.1 18.66 12.36 5.3 5.90 7.501 5.98 9.1 8.3 33.681 4.81 37.5 61.752 3.80 4.6 95.56 5.3 11.67 11.93 6.600 5.18 14.6 10.28 6.83 8.31 6.36 1.8 24.4 8.72 0.34 67.10 10.7 402.263 0.3 29.46 25.9 38.0 92.32 9.56 0.4 7.6 13.15 32.24 15.59 1.8 14.8 66.763 9.3 15.6 112.18 1.9 90.0 25.3 40.17 6.83 4.28 8.16 9.7 11.66 100.93 12.86 70.9 93.3 11.6 27.6 15.92 1.51 0.59 1.8 7.708 3.4 14.5 138.5 32.41 4.352 7.70 3.45 1.31 6.6 131.09 8.2 96.4 243.73 10.4 92.0 11.328 12.59 1.7 8.63 6.78 3.83 0.67 5.09 1.2 25.9 28.6 252.7 159.8 76.8 106.9 14.9 59.25 47.0 88.27 1.5 39.2 14.67 11.773 2.45 10.59 1.56 8.4 18.74 0.6 Bulb flats 9 .

0% .785 kilogram per square centimetre per metre run.0 13 20 4.4 Improved tolerances may be available by agreement Radius of curvature of corners r1 for thicknesses Over Up to Max.0. +8.2.3 120 180 ±2.0.0% .2 . Equivalent to KA 32/36 and KD 32/36 for class NK.2.0 2.0 12 20 + 1. Dimensional Variation . 3.0 . Shipbuilding Classification Society A B D A32/36* D32/36* Lloyds F F F F F DNV F F O F F ABS F F F F F BV F F F F F GL F F F F F Class NK F F F F F RINA F F F F F D40 F** F = Full approval O = Approval obtained on an order by order basis * = Equivalent to AH32/36 and DH 32/36 for Lloyds Register.5 - 8 + 0.0% of the total weight for consignments of 5 tonnes and over. Weight Variation The weights shown in the tables have been calculated from the cross section with a density of 0.0 7 11 + 1.0 9 13 3. Permitted weight variations: +6. Straightness Variation in Accordance with BS EN 10067: 1997 Straightness tolerance q shall be 0.0. ** up to 12mm thickness 2.0 9 13 + 1.7% of the total weight for consignments under 5 tonnes.7 .0.4 300 430 ±4.All Dimensions in mm Width b Thickness t Over Up to Permitted Variation From Up to Permitted Variation - 120 ±1.0035 L (the entire length of the bar) Improved straightness tolerances may be available by agreement Steel specifications 1.5 5 9 2.3 180 300 ±3.0 . - 5 1. Construction Bulb flats are available in a range of steel grades suitable for bridge construction in accordance with BS EN 10025: 1993 and BS EN 10113-3 S420M (upto 12mm thickness) 10 Bulb flats .Technical data Tolerances & Steel Specifications Tolerances (In accordance with BS EN 10067:1997) 1.

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Suite 240 Sugar Land.com SR:1000:UK:09/2002 . including its subsidiaries.corus-specialprofiles.www.com Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate. but Corus Group plc. Copyright Corus 2002 Corus Special Profiles PO Box 1 Skinningrove Saltburn TS13 4ET United Kingdom T +44 (0) 1287 640212 F +44 (0) 1287 593071 English language version Corus International Americas Houston 13135 Dairy Ashford Road. Designed and produced by Orchard Corporate Ltd. does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or information which is found to be misleading. Texas 77478 USA T 281 313 8666 F 281 313 8668 E-mail: CIAH@corusgroup.

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