Project Carroll

Gutenberg's

Alice's

Adventures

in

Wonderland,

by

Lewis

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland Author: Lewis Carroll Release Date: June 25, 2008 [EBook #11] [Last updated: December 20, 2011] Language: English Character set encoding: ASCII *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND ***

Produced by David Widger

ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND

By Lewis Carroll
THE MILLENNIUM FULCRUM EDITION 3.0

Contents
CHAPTER I. CHAPTER II. CHAPTER III. CHAPTER IV. CHAPTER V. CHAPTER VI. CHAPTER VII. CHAPTER VIII. CHAPTER IX. CHAPTER X. CHAPTER XI. CHAPTER XII. Down the Rabbit-Hole The Pool of Tears A Caucus-Race and a Long Tale The Rabbit Sends in a Little Bill Advice from a Caterpillar Pig and Pepper A Mad Tea-Party The Queen's Croquet-Ground The Mock Turtle's Story The Lobster Quadrille Who Stole the Tarts? Alice's Evidence

CHAPTER I. Down the Rabbit-Hole
Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank, and of having nothing to do: once or twice she had peeped into the book her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it, 'and what is the use of a book,' thought Alice 'without pictures or conversation?' So she was considering in her own mind (as well as she could, for the hot day made her feel very sleepy and stupid), whether the pleasure of making a daisy-chain would be worth

the trouble of getting up and picking the daisies, when suddenly a White Rabbit with pink eyes ran close by her. There was nothing so VERY remarkable in that; nor did Alice think it so VERY much out of the way to hear the Rabbit say to itself, 'Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall be late!' (when she thought it over afterwards, it occurred to her that she ought to have wondered at this, but at the time it all seemed quite natural); but when the Rabbit actually TOOK A WATCH OUT OF ITS WAISTCOAT-POCKET, and looked at it, and then hurried on, Alice started to her feet, for it flashed across her mind that she had never before seen a rabbit with either a waistcoat-pocket, or a watch to take out of it, and burning with curiosity, she ran across the field after it, and fortunately was just in time to see it pop down a large rabbit-hole under the hedge. In another moment down went Alice after it, never once considering how in the world she was to get out again. The rabbit-hole went straight on like a tunnel for some way, and then dipped suddenly down, so suddenly that Alice had not a moment to think about stopping herself before she found herself falling down a very deep well. Either the well was very deep, or she fell very slowly, for she had plenty of time as she went down to look about her and to wonder what was going to happen next. First, she tried to look down and make out what she was coming to, but it was too dark to see anything; then she looked at the sides of the well, and noticed that they were filled with cupboards and book-shelves; here and there she saw maps and pictures hung upon pegs. She took down a jar from one of the shelves as she passed; it was labelled 'ORANGE MARMALADE', but to her great disappointment it was empty: she did not like to drop the jar for fear of killing somebody, so managed to put it into one of the cupboards as she fell past it. 'Well!' thought Alice to herself, 'after such a fall as this, I shall think nothing of tumbling down stairs! How brave they'll all think me at home! Why, I wouldn't say anything about it, even if I fell off the top of the house!' (Which was very likely true.) Down, down, down. Would the fall NEVER come to an end! 'I wonder how many miles I've fallen by this time?' she said aloud. 'I must be getting somewhere near the centre of the earth. Let me see: that would be four thousand miles down, I think—' (for, you see, Alice had learnt several things of this sort in her lessons in the schoolroom, and though this was not a VERY good opportunity for showing off her knowledge, as there was no one to listen to her, still it was good practice to say it over) '—yes, that's about the right distance—but then I wonder what Latitude or Longitude I've got to?' (Alice had no idea what Latitude was, or Longitude either, but thought they were nice grand words to say.) Presently she began again. 'I wonder if I shall fall right THROUGH the earth! How funny it'll seem to come out among the people that walk with their heads downward! The Antipathies, I think—' (she was rather glad there WAS no one listening, this time, as it didn't sound at all the right word) '—but I shall have to ask them what the name of the country is, you know. Please, Ma'am, is this New Zealand or Australia?' (and she tried to curtsey as she spoke—fancy CURTSEYING as you're falling through the air! Do you think

and behind it was a little door about fifteen inches high: she tried the little golden key in the lock. but at any rate it would not open any of them. there was nothing on it except a tiny golden key. Suddenly she came upon a little three-legged table. I'm afraid. 'Oh my ears and whiskers. all made of solid glass. you know. but you might catch a bat. but it was all dark overhead. but she could not even get her head through the doorway. hurrying down it. how late it's getting!' She was close behind it when she turned the corner. on the second time round. which was lit up by a row of lamps hanging from the roof. and saying to her very earnestly. However.' thought poor Alice. trying every door. But do cats eat bats. Alice was not a bit hurt. ('which certainly was not here . down. I wonder?' And here Alice began to get rather sleepy. if I only know how to begin. Dinah my dear! I wish you were down here with me! There are no mice in the air. so many out-of-the-way things had happened lately. and had just begun to dream that she was walking hand in hand with Dinah. you see. thump! thump! down she came upon a heap of sticks and dry leaves. Dinah. There were doors all round the hall. so she went back to the table.) 'I hope they'll remember her saucer of milk at tea-time. it didn't much matter which way she put it. There was not a moment to be lost: away went Alice like the wind. 'Dinah'll miss me very much to-night. she walked sadly down the middle. but the Rabbit was no longer to be seen: she found herself in a long. She felt that she was dozing off. Oh. and when Alice had been all the way down one side and up the other.' Down. 'Now. and went on saying to herself.' For. half hoping she might find another key on it. before her was another long passage. I should think!' (Dinah was the cat. and Alice's first thought was that it might belong to one of the doors of the hall. 'it would be of very little use without my shoulders. and wander about among those beds of bright flowers and those cool fountains. that Alice had begun to think that very few things indeed were really impossible. she came upon a low curtain she had not noticed before. it'll never do to ask: perhaps I shall see it written up somewhere. as she couldn't answer either question. how I wish I could shut up like a telescope! I think I could. and that's very like a mouse. How she longed to get out of that dark hall. and she jumped up on to her feet in a moment: she looked up. but. 'and even if my head would go through. you see. There was nothing else to do. in a dreamy sort of way. and the White Rabbit was still in sight. tell me the truth: did you ever eat a bat?' when suddenly. not much larger than a rat-hole: she knelt down and looked along the passage into the loveliest garden you ever saw. and was just in time to hear it say.you could manage it?) 'And what an ignorant little girl she'll think me for asking! No. wondering how she was ever to get out again. low hall. alas! either the locks were too large. as it turned a corner. down. or at any rate a book of rules for shutting people up like telescopes: this time she found a little bottle on it. 'Do bats eat cats?' for. so Alice soon began talking again. There seemed to be no use in waiting by the little door. 'Do cats eat bats? Do cats eat bats?' and sometimes. or the key was too small. but they were all locked. and the fall was over. and to her great delight it fitted! Alice opened the door and found that it led into a small passage.

alas for poor Alice! when she got to the door. all because they WOULD not remember the simple rules their friends had taught them: such as. for this curious child was very fond of pretending to be two people. 'I advise you to leave off this minute!' She generally gave herself very good advice. and that if you cut your finger VERY deeply with a knife. and hot buttered toast. 'Come. toffee. the poor little thing sat down and cried. for she had read several nice little histories about children who had got burnt. a sort of mixed flavour of cherry-tart. if you drink much from a bottle marked 'poison. 'and see whether it's marked "poison" or not'. 'I must be shutting up like a telescope. pine-apple. but it was too slippery. (it had.) she very soon finished it off.' said Alice to herself. she found she could not possibly reach it: she could see it quite plainly through the glass. and found in it a very small cake.' And so it was indeed: she was now only ten inches high. and once she remembered trying to box her own ears for having cheated herself in a game of croquet she was playing against herself.' thought poor Alice. with the words 'DRINK ME' beautifully printed on it in large letters. I wonder what I should be like then?' And she tried to fancy what the flame of a candle is like after the candle is blown out. (though she very seldom followed it). and sometimes she scolded herself so severely as to bring tears into her eyes. and she tried her best to climb up one of the legs of the table. and when she went back to the table for it. she decided on going into the garden at once. sooner or later. she found she had forgotten the little golden key. in fact. and she had never forgotten that. 'No. It was all very well to say 'Drink me.before. like a candle. finding that nothing more happened. and when she had tired herself out with trying. this bottle was NOT marked 'poison. However. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 'What a curious feeling!' said Alice. however. and her face brightened up at the thought that she was now the right size for going through the little door into that lovely garden. 'to pretend to be two people! Why. and eaten up by wild beasts and other unpleasant things.' she said. After a while.) and round the neck of the bottle was a paper label.' said Alice. 'for it might end. but. there's hardly enough of me left to make ONE respectable person!' Soon her eye fell on a little glass box that was lying under the table: she opened it. First. custard. for she could not remember ever having seen such a thing. rather sharply. on which the words 'EAT ME' were beautifully marked in . 'in my going out altogether. it usually bleeds. 'But it's no use now. and finding it very nice.' it is almost certain to disagree with you.' but the wise little Alice was not going to do THAT in a hurry. that a red-hot poker will burn you if you hold it too long. she waited for a few minutes to see if she was going to shrink any further: she felt a little nervous about this.' so Alice ventured to taste it. you know. there's no use in crying like that!' said Alice to herself. I'll look first. roast turkey.

what nonsense I'm talking!' Just then her head struck against the roof of the hall: in fact she was now more than nine feet high. and she at once took up the little golden key and hurried off to the garden door. Oh dear. I'll eat it. and she was quite surprised to find that she remained the same size: to be sure. this generally happens when one eats cake. 'or perhaps they won't walk the way I want to go! Let me see: I'll give them a new pair of boots every Christmas. 'and if it makes me grow larger. my poor little feet. . so either way I'll get into the garden. 'They must go by the carrier. The Pool of Tears 'Curiouser and curiouser!' cried Alice (she was so much surprised. NEAR THE FENDER. 'Well. they seemed to be almost out of sight. holding her hand on the top of her head to feel which way it was growing. I wonder who will put on your shoes and stockings for you now. ESQ.currants. and if it makes me grow smaller. that it seemed quite dull and stupid for life to go on in the common way. 'now I'm opening out like the largest telescope that ever was! Good-bye. sending presents to one's own feet! And how odd the directions will look! ALICE'S RIGHT FOOT. I can creep under the door.' thought Alice. and I don't care which happens!' She ate a little bit. 'Which way? Which way?'. but Alice had got so much into the way of expecting nothing but out-of-the-way things to happen. that for the moment she quite forgot how to speak good English). they were getting so far off). (WITH ALICE'S LOVE). and very soon finished off the cake. HEARTHRUG. So she set to work. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * CHAPTER II.' And she went on planning to herself how she would manage it.—but I must be kind to them. I can reach the key.' said Alice.' she thought. and said anxiously to herself. 'Oh. dears? I'm sure I shan't be able! I shall be a great deal too far off to trouble myself about you: you must manage the best way you can. feet!' (for when she looked down at her feet. 'and how funny it'll seem.

the Duchess! Oh! won't she be savage if I've kept her waiting!' Alice felt so desperate that she was ready to ask help of any one. and Paris is the capital of Rome. 'If you please. But if I'm not the same. and four times seven is—oh dear! I shall never get to twenty at that rate! However. and I'm I. And pour the waters of the Nile On every golden scale! 'How cheerfully he seems to grin. so. the Multiplication Table doesn't signify: let's try Geography. and mine doesn't go in ringlets at all. but her voice sounded hoarse and strange. 'I'm sure I'm not Ada. until there was a large pool all round her. I'm certain! I must have been changed for Mabel! I'll try and say "How doth the little —"' and she crossed her hands on her lap as if she were saying lessons. 'for her hair goes in such long ringlets. and. London is the capital of Paris. the next question is. oh! she knows such a very little! Besides. sir—' The Rabbit started violently. for I know all sorts of things. timid voice. she kept fanning herself all the time she went on talking: 'Dear. and began to repeat it. I wonder if I've been changed in the night? Let me think: was I the same when I got up this morning? I almost think I can remember feeling a little different. 'You ought to be ashamed of yourself. in a low. muttering to himself as he came. Alice took up the fan and gloves. THAT'S all wrong. 'Oh! the Duchess. as the hall was very hot. splendidly dressed. about four inches deep and reaching half down the hall. Who in the world am I? Ah. to see if she could have been changed for any of them. she began. lying down on one side. with a pair of white kid gloves in one hand and a large fan in the other: he came trotting along in a great hurry. shedding gallons of tears. to look through into the garden with one eye. dear! How queer everything is to-day! And yesterday things went on just as usual. when the Rabbit came near her.' (she might well say this). how puzzling it all is! I'll try if I know all the things I used to know. and four times six is thirteen. and—oh dear. and I'm sure I can't be Mabel. and Rome—no.Poor Alice! It was as much as she could do. 'to go on crying in this way! Stop this moment. How neatly spread his claws. and skurried away into the darkness as hard as he could go. dropped the white kid gloves and the fan. and she. And welcome little fishes in With gently smiling jaws!' . and the words did not come the same as they used to do:— 'How doth the little crocodile Improve his shining tail. 'a great girl like you.' she said. I tell you!' But she went on all the same. It was the White Rabbit returning. Let me see: four times five is twelve. After a time she heard a little pattering of feet in the distance. and she hastily dried her eyes to see what was coming. but to get through was more hopeless than ever: she sat down and began to cry again. THAT'S the great puzzle!' And she began thinking over all the children she knew that were of the same age as herself.' said Alice. SHE'S she.

splash! she was up to her chin in salt water. if I like being that person. and behind them a railway station.' Just then she heard something splashing about in the pool a little way off.' thought the poor child. I'll stay down here till I'm somebody else"—but. 'I must be Mabel after all. with a sudden burst of tears. and she dropped it hastily. and the little golden key was lying on the glass table as before. that it is!' As she said these words her foot slipped.) However. I'll stay down here! It'll be no use their putting their heads down and saying "Come up again. 'That WAS a narrow escape!' said Alice.' She got up and went to the table to measure herself by it. but then she remembered how small she was now. and I shall have to go and live in that poky little house. just in time to avoid shrinking away altogether. 'Would it be of any use. 'A mouse—of a mouse—to a mouse—a mouse—O . 'and now for the garden!' and she ran with all speed back to the little door: but. 'I shall be punished for it now. and she swam nearer to make out what it was: at first she thought it must be a walrus or hippopotamus. never! And I declare it's too bad. a good deal frightened at the sudden change. and was surprised to see that she had put on one of the Rabbit's little white kid gloves while she was talking. now.' she said to herself.' thought Alice. as nearly as she could guess. 'for I never was so small as this before. I suppose. oh dear!' cried Alice. and have next to no toys to play with. 'and things are worse than ever. by being drowned in my own tears! That WILL be a queer thing. that wherever you go to on the English coast you find a number of bathing machines in the sea. there's no harm in trying. as she swam about. and her eyes filled with tears again as she went on. alas! the little door was shut again. Her first idea was that she had somehow fallen into the sea. but very glad to find herself still in existence. then a row of lodging houses. if I'm Mabel. and then. (Alice had been to the seaside once in her life. and had come to the general conclusion. O Mouse!' (Alice thought this must be the right way of speaking to a mouse: she had never done such a thing before. some children digging in the sand with wooden spades. 'to speak to this mouse? Everything is so out-of-the-way down here. and oh! ever so many lessons to learn! No. do you know the way out of this pool? I am very tired of swimming about here. she was now about two feet high.' said poor Alice. 'How CAN I have done that?' she thought.' So she began: 'O Mouse. she soon made out that she was in the pool of tears which she had wept when she was nine feet high. that I should think very likely it can talk: at any rate. I've made up my mind about it. to be sure! However. dear!" I shall only look up and say "Who am I then? Tell me that first. and was going on shrinking rapidly: she soon found out that the cause of this was the fan she was holding. and found that. 'I must be growing small again. but she remembered having seen in her brother's Latin Grammar. trying to find her way out. and she soon made out that it was only a mouse that had slipped in like herself. and in another moment.'I'm sure those are not the right words. everything is queer to-day. 'I do wish they WOULD put their heads down! I am so VERY tired of being all alone here!' As she said this she looked down at her hands. 'and in that case I can go back by railway. I'll come up: if not. 'I wish I hadn't cried so much!' said Alice.

and then I'll tell you my history. 'I'm afraid I've offended it again!' For the Mouse was swimming away from her as hard as it could go. 'Are you—are you fond—of—of dogs?' The Mouse did not answer. I beg your pardon!' cried Alice again. 'Perhaps it doesn't understand English. you know. come over with William the Conqueror. and all sorts of things—I can't remember half of them—and it belongs to a farmer. 'Would YOU like cats if you were me?' 'Well.' It was high time to go. 'Oh. a Lory and an Eaglet. but it said nothing. perhaps not. and she felt certain it must be really offended. with oh. The Mouse gave a sudden leap out of the water. half to herself.' (For. and we won't talk about cats or dogs either. and seemed to quiver all over with fright. if you don't like them!' When the Mouse heard this. it's worth a hundred pounds! He says it kills all the rats and—oh dear!' cried Alice in a sorrowful tone. for the pool was getting quite crowded with the birds and animals that had fallen into it: there were a Duck and a Dodo. and making quite a commotion in the pool as it went. as she swam lazily about in the pool. So she called softly after it. and the whole party swam to the shore.' 'We indeed!' cried the Mouse. 'Let us get to the shore. 'As if I would talk on such a subject! Our family always HATED cats: nasty. it turned round and swam slowly back to her: its face was quite pale (with passion. and you'll understand why it is I hate cats and dogs.' Alice went on. licking her paws and washing her face — and she is such a nice soft thing to nurse—and she's such a capital one for catching mice— oh. 'I quite forgot you didn't like cats. and several other curious creatures. for this time the Mouse was bristling all over. And yet I wish I could show you our cat Dinah: I think you'd take a fancy to cats if you could only see her. 'I daresay it's a French mouse. 'and she sits purring so nicely by the fire. 'Mouse dear! Do come back again. and it'll sit up and beg for its dinner. vulgar things! Don't let me hear the name again!' 'I won't indeed!' said Alice. Alice thought). and seemed to her to wink with one of its little eyes.) So she began again: 'Ou est ma chatte?' which was the first sentence in her French lesson-book. 'We won't talk about her any more if you'd rather not. with all her knowledge of history. Alice led the way.mouse!') The Mouse looked at her rather inquisitively. and it said in a low trembling voice. . afraid that she had hurt the poor animal's feelings. so Alice went on eagerly: 'There is such a nice little dog near our house I should like to show you! A little bright-eyed terrier. low. who was trembling down to the end of his tail.' said Alice in a soothing tone: 'don't be angry about it. Alice had no very clear notion how long ago anything had happened. and he says it's so useful. in a shrill. I beg your pardon!' cried Alice hastily. such long curly brown hair! And it'll fetch things when you throw them. She is such a dear quiet thing. in a great hurry to change the subject of conversation.' thought Alice. you know. passionate voice.' 'Not like cats!' cried the Mouse.

'I am older than you. and uncomfortable.' the Mouse replied rather crossly: 'of course you know what "it" means. At last the Mouse. "Edwin and Morcar. 'I beg your pardon!' said the Mouse. and this Alice would not allow without knowing how old it was. '"—found it advisable to go with Edgar Atheling to meet William and offer him the crown. who at last turned sulky. and had been of late much accustomed to usurpation and conquest. the earls of Mercia and Northumbria—"' 'Ugh!' said the Lory. how to get dry again: they had a consultation about this. the patriotic archbishop of Canterbury. and. she had quite a long argument with the Lory. who seemed to be a person of authority among them. what did the archbishop find?' The Mouse did not notice this question. the earls of Mercia and Northumbria. A Caucus-Race and a Long Tale They were indeed a queer-looking party that assembled on the bank—the birds with draggled feathers. and after a few minutes it seemed quite natural to Alice to find herself talking familiarly with them. frowning. cross. was soon submitted to by the English. and all dripping wet. Alice kept her eyes anxiously fixed on it. with the Mouse in the middle. found it advisable—"' 'Found WHAT?' said the Duck. and listen to me! I'LL soon make you dry enough!' They all sat down at once. The first question of course was. as the Lory positively refused to tell its age. who wanted leaders. the animals with their fur clinging close to them. Indeed. '—I proceed. The question is. there was no more to be said.' 'I know what "it" means well enough. in a large ring. when I find a thing. but very politely: 'Did you speak?' 'Not I!' said the Lory hastily. all of you.' said the Mouse. 'Ahem!' said the Mouse with an important air.CHAPTER III. 'Found IT. William's conduct at first . 'Sit down.' said the Duck: 'it's generally a frog or a worm. as if she had known them all her life. 'I thought you did. Edwin and Morcar. 'are you all ready? This is the driest thing I know. called out. but hurriedly went on. whose cause was favoured by the pope. declared for him: and even Stigand. if you please! "William the Conqueror. and would only say. for she felt sure she would catch a bad cold if she did not get dry very soon. and must know better'. Silence all round. with a shiver.

' said Alice in a melancholy tone: 'it doesn't seem to dry me at all. and no one else seemed inclined to say anything. and were quite dry again.' said the Dodo in an offended tone. for the immediate adoption of more energetic remedies—' 'Speak English!' said the Eaglet.' (And. and the whole party at once crowded round her. and away. 'EVERYBODY has won. 'What I was going to say.' but they began running when they liked. 'Prizes! Prizes!' Alice had no idea what to do. 'But who has won?' This question the Dodo could not answer without a great deal of thought.' said the Dodo solemnly.' the Dodo replied very gravely.' 'But who is to give the prizes?' quite a chorus of voices asked.' it said. and it sat for a long time with one finger pressed upon its forehead (the position in which you usually see Shakespeare. 'was. . what's more. 'Why. I don't believe you do either!' And the Eaglet bent down its head to hide a smile: some of the other birds tittered audibly. and handed them round as prizes. turning to Alice. At last the Dodo said. I will tell you how the Dodo managed it. turning to Alice as it spoke. some winter day. 'What else have you got in your pocket?' he went on. and all must have prizes. However. 'Only a thimble. while the rest waited in silence. 'Why.' said Alice sadly. and left off when they liked. that the best thing to get us dry would be a Caucus-race.' said the Dodo. but the Dodo had paused as if it thought that SOMEBODY ought to speak. SHE. 'I move that the meeting adjourn.' 'What IS a Caucus-race?' said Alice. you know. 'the best way to explain it is to do it. 'I don't know the meaning of half those long words.' said the Mouse. and pulled out a box of comfits.) First it marked out a race-course.' said the Dodo.' 'In that case. rising to its feet. of course. pointing to Alice with one finger. in a sort of circle. here and there. 'As wet as ever. calling out in a confused way. (luckily the salt water had not got into it). my dear?' it continued. as you might like to try the thing yourself. But the insolence of his Normans—" How are you getting on now. in the pictures of him).' said the Dodo. There was exactly one a-piece all round. so that it was not easy to know when the race was over. 'Of course.) and then all the party were placed along the course. two. There was no 'One. three. and asking. panting. not that she wanted much to know. the Dodo suddenly called out 'The race is over!' and they all crowded round it. and. 'But she must have a prize herself. 'Hand it over here. when they had been running half an hour or so.was moderate. ('the exact shape doesn't matter. and in despair she put her hand in her pocket.

With no jury or judge. Alice thought the whole thing very absurd.' said Alice. half afraid that it would be offended again. while the Dodo solemnly presented the thimble. you know. it was over at last. so that her idea of the tale was something like this:— 'Fury said to a mouse. certainly. and sighing. 'It IS a long tail. would be wasting our . and. I'll take no denial. 'Mine is a long and a sad tale!' said the Mouse. and they sat down again in a ring. but they all looked so grave that she did not dare to laugh. when it had finished this short speech. she simply bowed. and the small ones choked and had to be patted on the back. as she could not think of anything to say. That he met in the house. turning to Alice. 'and why it is you hate—C and D.—Come. 'You promised to tell me your history. "Let us both go to law: I will prosecute YOU. looking down with wonder at the Mouse's tail. We must have a trial: For really this morning I've nothing to do." Said the mouse to the cur. dear Sir. they all cheered. looking as solemn as she could. saying 'We beg your acceptance of this elegant thimble'.' she added in a whisper. as the large birds complained that they could not taste theirs. The next thing was to eat the comfits: this caused some noise and confusion. "Such a trial. 'but why do you call it sad?' And she kept on puzzling about it while the Mouse was speaking. However. and took the thimble. and.Then they all crowded round her once more. and begged the Mouse to tell them something more.' said Alice.

please do!' but the Mouse only shook its head impatiently. and looking anxiously about her. I'll be jury. I think?' 'I had NOT!' cried the Mouse. I know I do!' said Alice aloud. 'What are you thinking of?' 'I beg your pardon. for she was always ready to talk about her pet: 'Dinah's our cat. 'Please come back and finish your story!' Alice called after it. a little snappishly. and walked a little quicker. she'll eat a little bird as soon as look at it!' This speech caused a remarkable sensation among the party. And she's such a capital one for catching mice you can't think! And oh. if I might venture to ask the question?' said the Lory. as soon as it was quite out of sight." Said cunning old Fury: "I'll try the whole cause. sharply and very angrily. Ma!' said the young Crab. 'You're enough to try the patience of an oyster!' 'I wish I had our Dinah here. you know!' The Mouse only growled in reply.breath. 'I really . 'But you're so easily offended. 'A knot!' said Alice. 'She'd soon fetch it back!' 'And who is Dinah. Alice replied eagerly. addressing nobody in particular. getting up and walking away. and the others all joined in chorus.' said Alice very humbly: 'you had got to the fifth bend. 'You insult me by talking such nonsense!' 'I didn't mean it!' pleaded poor Alice. I wish you could see her after the birds! Why." "I'll be judge. 'Oh. do let me help to undo it!' 'I shall do nothing of the sort. Some of the birds hurried off at once: one old Magpie began wrapping itself up very carefully."' 'You are not attending!' said the Mouse to Alice severely. always ready to make herself useful.' said the Mouse. and an old Crab took the opportunity of saying to her daughter 'Ah. remarking. 'What a pity it wouldn't stay!' sighed the Lory. and condemn you to death. 'Yes. my dear! Let this be a lesson to you never to lose YOUR temper!' 'Hold your tongue.

however.' Alice said to herself. and Alice was soon left alone. In a little while. what ARE you doing out here? Run home this moment.' Alice went on. RABBIT' engraved upon it. without trying to explain the mistake it had made. and be turned out of the house before she had found the fan and gloves. 'Nobody seems to like her.' As she said this. had vanished completely. Very soon the Rabbit noticed Alice. and called out to her in an angry tone.must be getting home." Only I don't think. and she heard it muttering to itself 'The Duchess! The Duchess! Oh my dear paws! Oh my fur and whiskers! She'll get me executed. and on it (as she had hoped) a fan and two or three pairs of tiny white kid gloves: she took up . with the glass table and the little door. but they were nowhere to be seen—everything seemed to have changed since her swim in the pool. and the great hall. and hurried upstairs. my dear Dinah! I wonder if I shall ever see you any more!' And here poor Alice began to cry again. and she looked up eagerly. my dears! It's high time you were all in bed!' On various pretexts they all moved off. 'How surprised he'll be when he finds out who I am! But I'd better take him his fan and gloves—that is. in great fear lest she should meet the real Mary Ann. trotting slowly back again. half hoping that the Mouse had changed his mind. I wonder?' Alice guessed in a moment that it was looking for the fan and the pair of white kid gloves. 'Why.' she said to herself as she ran. she again heard a little pattering of footsteps in the distance. 'Come away. and she very good-naturedly began hunting about for them. the night-air doesn't suit my throat!' and a Canary called out in a trembling voice to its children. nurse! But I've got to see that the mouse doesn't get out. if I can find them. now!' And Alice was so much frightened that she ran off at once in the direction it pointed to. as if it had lost something. She went in without knocking. Mary Ann. she came upon a neat little house. as sure as ferrets are ferrets! Where CAN I have dropped them. 'How queer it seems. down here. and looking anxiously about as it went. and I'm sure she's the best cat in the world! Oh. 'I wish I hadn't mentioned Dinah!' she said to herself in a melancholy tone. on the door of which was a bright brass plate with the name 'W. as she went hunting about. for she felt very lonely and low-spirited. 'to be going messages for a rabbit! I suppose Dinah'll be sending me on messages next!' And she began fancying the sort of thing that would happen: '"Miss Alice! Come here directly. 'He took me for his housemaid. 'that they'd let Dinah stop in the house if it began ordering people about like that!' By this time she had found her way into a tidy little room with a table in the window. and get ready for your walk!" "Coming in a minute. and fetch me a pair of gloves and a fan! Quick. CHAPTER IV. The Rabbit Sends in a Little Bill It was the White Rabbit. and was coming back to finish his story.

Alice knew it was the Rabbit coming to look for her. for really I'm quite tired of being such a tiny little thing!' It did so indeed. and she tried the effect of lying down with one elbow against the door. no wonder she felt unhappy. and was just going to leave the room. 'shall I NEVER get any older than I am now? That'll be a comfort. and very soon had to kneel down on the floor: in another minute there was not even room for this. She hastily put down the bottle. one way—never to be an old woman—but then—always to have lessons to learn! Oh. as there seemed to be no sort of chance of her ever getting out of the room again. I fancied that kind of thing never happened. quite forgetting that she was now about a thousand times as large as the Rabbit. 'whenever I eat or drink anything. 'I know SOMETHING interesting is sure to happen. this sort of life! I do wonder what CAN have happened to me! When I used to read fairy-tales.' she said to herself. when her eye fell upon a little bottle that stood near the looking-glass. and one foot up the chimney. There was no label this time with the words 'DRINK ME. I shouldn't like THAT!' 'Oh. 'How can you learn lessons in here? Why. she found her head pressing against the ceiling.' thought poor Alice. 'Mary Ann! Mary Ann!' said the voice. and being ordered about by mice and rabbits. 'at least there's no room to grow up any more HERE. and now here I am in the middle of one! There ought to be a book written about me. I do hope it'll make me grow large again. you foolish Alice!' she answered herself. and much sooner than she had expected: before she had drunk half the bottle. and. she put one arm out of the window. and. and no room at all for any lesson-books!' And so she went on. . I can't get out at the door—I do wish I hadn't drunk quite so much!' Alas! it was too late to wish that! She went on growing.' 'But then. but after a few minutes she heard a voice outside.' thought Alice.' she added in a sorrowful tone. you know.' but nevertheless she uncorked it and put it to her lips. 'It was much pleasanter at home. Still she went on growing. What WILL become of me?' Luckily for Alice. I'll write one—but I'm grown up now. saying to herself 'That's quite enough— I hope I shan't grow any more—As it is. that there ought! And when I grow up. as a last resource. 'when one wasn't always growing larger and smaller. and she trembled till she shook the house. and had no reason to be afraid of it. there's hardly room for YOU. 'Fetch me my gloves this moment!' Then came a little pattering of feet on the stairs. and growing. and stopped to listen. and said to herself 'Now I can do no more. and the other arm curled round her head. and making quite a conversation of it altogether. and had to stoop to save her neck from being broken. so I'll just see what this bottle does. the little magic bottle had now had its full effect.the fan and a pair of the gloves. and she grew no larger: still it was very uncomfortable. taking first one side and then the other. I almost wish I hadn't gone down that rabbit-hole—and yet—and yet—it's rather curious. whatever happens.

but I THINK I can kick a little!' She drew her foot as far down the chimney as she could. at all!' 'Do as I tell you. it's coming down! Heads below!' (a loud crash)—'Now. but she heard a little shriek and a fall.Presently the Rabbit came up to the door. don't be particular—Here. and waited till she heard a little animal (she couldn't guess of what sort it was) scratching and scrambling about in the chimney close above her: then. I fancy—Who's to go down the chimney?—Nay. yer honour!' 'Digging for apples.' 'Well. She did not get hold of anything. and Alice's elbow was pressed hard against it. it's got no business there. and Alice could only hear whispers now and then. I shan't! YOU do it!—That I won't. it's an arm. Bill! the master says you're to go down the chimney!' 'Oh! So Bill's got to come down the chimney. and waited to see what would happen next. who did that?—It was Bill. indeed!' said the Rabbit angrily. tie 'em together first—they don't reach half high enough yet—Oh! they'll do well enough. lad!—Here. you coward!' and at last she spread out her hand again. Next came an angry voice—the Rabbit's—'Pat! Pat! Where are you?' And then a voice she had never heard before. This time there were TWO little shrieks. and more sounds of broken glass. then!—Bill's to go down—Here. . after waiting till she fancied she heard the Rabbit just under the window. and the sound of a good many voices all talking together: she made out the words: 'Where's the other ladder?—Why. Bill's got the other— Bill! fetch it here. you goose! Who ever saw one that size? Why.') 'An arm.) 'Now tell me. they seem to put everything upon Bill! I wouldn't be in Bill's place for a good deal: this fireplace is narrow. I only wish they COULD! I'm sure I don't want to stay in here any longer!' She waited for some time without hearing anything more: at last came a rumbling of little cartwheels. saying to herself 'This is Bill.' 'THAT you won't' thought Alice. as the door opened inwards. Pat. and. and made another snatch in the air. 'Sure then I'm here! Digging for apples. 'Here! Come and help me out of THIS!' (Sounds of more broken glass. it fills the whole window!' 'Sure. 'I wonder what they'll do next! As for pulling me out of the window. put 'em up at this corner—No. and tried to open it. yer honour. Alice heard it say to itself 'Then I'll go round and get in at the window. but. 'Shy. 'Sure. that attempt proved a failure. 'What a number of cucumber-frames there must be!' thought Alice. at any rate: go and take it away!' There was a long silence after this. what's that in the window?' 'Sure. to be sure. at all. Bill! catch hold of this rope—Will the roof bear?—Mind that loose slate—Oh.' she gave one sharp kick. she suddenly spread out her hand. such as. I hadn't to bring but one. I don't like it. yer honour!' (He pronounced it 'arrum. and a crash of broken glass. and made a snatch in the air. has he?' said Alice to herself. it does. yer honour: but it's an arm for all that. or something of the sort. from which she concluded that it was just possible it had fallen into a cucumberframe.

and was delighted to find that she began shrinking directly.' she said to herself. An enormous puppy was looking down at her with large round eyes. 'We must burn the house down!' said the Rabbit's voice. and as it can't possibly make me larger. old fellow!' said the others. but she was terribly frightened all the time at the thought that it might be hungry. 'The first thing I've got to do. and shouted out. 'I'll put a stop to this.' she thought. a little sharp bark just over her head made her look up in a great hurry. Alice noticed with some surprise that the pebbles were all turning into little cakes as they lay on the floor.' It sounded an excellent plan. 'it's sure to make SOME change in my size. trying to touch her. and very neatly and simply arranged. 'I wonder what they WILL do next! If they had any sense. something comes at me like a Jack-in-the-box. and she tried hard to whistle to it. thank ye. but she ran off as hard as she could. who were giving it something out of a bottle.' After a minute or two.' said Alice to herself. I hardly know—No more. 'A barrowful will do. they'd take the roof off. and Alice thought to herself.' thought Alice. and found quite a crowd of little animals and birds waiting outside.' So she swallowed one of the cakes. I'll set Dinah at you!' There was a dead silence instantly. in which case it would be very likely to eat her up in spite of all her coaxing. you by the hedge!' then silence. and soon found herself safe in a thick wood. they began moving about again. for the next moment a shower of little pebbles came rattling in at the window. 'If I eat one of these cakes. I think that will be the best plan. The poor little Lizard. They all made a rush at Alice the moment she appeared. Bill. ('That's Bill. I suppose. and feebly stretching out one paw. As soon as she was small enough to get through the door. that she had not the smallest idea how to set about it. and then another confusion of voices — 'Hold up his head—Brandy now—Don't choke him—How was it. and a bright idea came into her head. she ran out of the house. it must make me smaller.) 'Well.The first thing she heard was a general chorus of 'There goes Bill!' then the Rabbit's voice along—'Catch him. 'is to grow to my right size again. 'If you do. being held up by two guinea-pigs. and while she was peering about anxiously among the trees. . was in the middle. and up I goes like a sky-rocket!' 'So you did. as she wandered about in the wood. 'Poor little thing!' said Alice. 'You'd better not do that again!' which produced another dead silence. in a coaxing tone. to begin with. squeaking voice. the only difficulty was. I'm better now—but I'm a deal too flustered to tell you—all I know is. no doubt. and some of them hit her in the face. and Alice called out as loud as she could. but she had not long to doubt. and the second thing is to find my way into that lovely garden.' 'A barrowful of WHAT?' thought Alice. and Alice heard the Rabbit say. old fellow? What happened to you? Tell us all about it!' Last came a little feeble.

Hardly knowing what she did. quietly smoking a long hookah. as she leant against a buttercup to rest herself. and tumbled head over heels in its hurry to get hold of it. and its great eyes half shut. and fanned herself with one of the leaves: 'I should have liked teaching it tricks very much. and ran till she was quite tired and out of breath. and rushed at the stick. and behind it. then Alice dodged behind a great thistle. then the puppy began a series of short charges at the stick. the puppy made another rush at the stick. and addressed her in a languid. and made believe to worry it. This was not an encouraging opening for a conversation. She stretched herself up on tiptoe. running a very little way forwards each time and a long way back. to keep herself from being run over. with its tongue hanging out of its mouth. with a yelp of delight. but the great question is. and expecting every moment to be trampled under its feet. then Alice. panting. if—if I'd only been the right size to do it! Oh dear! I'd nearly forgotten that I've got to grow up again! Let me see—how IS it to be managed? I suppose I ought to eat or drink something or other.' . sleepy voice. but she did not see anything that looked like the right thing to eat or drink under the circumstances. and on both sides of it. and barking hoarsely all the while. and held it out to the puppy. what?' The great question certainly was. it occurred to her that she might as well look and see what was on the top of it. what? Alice looked all round her at the flowers and the blades of grass. so she set off at once. and the moment she appeared on the other side. 'Who are YOU?' said the Caterpillar. There was a large mushroom growing near her. about the same height as herself. Alice replied. she picked up a little bit of stick. CHAPTER V. and when she had looked under it. 'And yet what a dear little puppy it was!' said Alice. whereupon the puppy jumped into the air off all its feet at once. and taking not the smallest notice of her or of anything else. Advice from a Caterpillar The Caterpillar and Alice looked at each other for some time in silence: at last the Caterpillar took the hookah out of its mouth. but I think I must have been changed several times since then. 'I—I hardly know. ran round the thistle again. and peeped over the edge of the mushroom. till at last it sat down a good way off. This seemed to Alice a good opportunity for making her escape. that was sitting on the top with its arms folded. just at present—at least I know who I WAS when I got up this morning. and till the puppy's bark sounded quite faint in the distance. rather shyly. sir. and her eyes immediately met those of a large caterpillar. thinking it was very like having a game of play with a cart-horse.

very gravely. 'Is that all?' said Alice.' 'I don't see. 'I'm afraid I can't put it more clearly. 'Well.' 'It isn't. sir' said Alice. Alice thought she might as well wait. 'So you think you're changed. 'all I know is. 'I can't remember things as I used—and I don't keep the same size for ten minutes together!' 'Can't remember WHAT things?' said the Caterpillar. you see. you know—and then after that into a butterfly. Alice felt a little irritated at the Caterpillar's making such VERY short remarks. first.'What do you mean by that?' said the Caterpillar sternly.' said the Caterpillar. sir. you ought to tell me who YOU are. and being so many different sizes in a day is very confusing. perhaps your feelings may be different.' said Alice.' said the Caterpillar. do you?' 'I'm afraid I am. 'I think. certainly: Alice turned and came back again. 'but when you have to turn into a chrysalis—you will some day. 'Well. Here was another puzzling question.' Alice replied very politely. but at last it unfolded its arms. she turned away.' said Alice. ." but it all came different!' Alice replied in a very melancholy voice. won't you?' 'Not a bit. 'Who are YOU?' Which brought them back again to the beginning of the conversation.' said Alice. 'Keep your temper. and perhaps after all it might tell her something worth hearing. 'Explain yourself!' 'I can't explain MYSELF. 'Well.' said the Caterpillar. I should think you'll feel it a little queer. 'because I'm not myself. as she had nothing else to do.' said the Caterpillar. perhaps you haven't found it so yet. I'm afraid.' 'You!' said the Caterpillar contemptuously. and she drew herself up and said. 'No. and as the Caterpillar seemed to be in a VERY unpleasant state of mind. 'Come back!' the Caterpillar called after her. and said. 'for I can't understand it myself to begin with. swallowing down her anger as well as she could. 'I've something important to say!' This sounded promising. it would feel very queer to ME. took the hookah out of its mouth again.' said the Caterpillar. For some minutes it puffed away without speaking. I've tried to say "HOW DOTH THE LITTLE BUSY BEE.' 'Why?' said the Caterpillar. and as Alice could not think of any good reason.

' 'It is wrong from beginning to end. as he shook his grey locks. Yet you finished the goose.' said the youth.' Father William replied to his son. 'And your hair has become very white.' said the sage. with the bones and the beak— Pray how did you manage to do it?' 'In my youth.' the young man said.' said his father. 'and your jaws are too weak For anything tougher than suet. 'I kept all my limbs very supple By the use of this ointment—one shilling the box— Allow me to sell you a couple?' 'You are old.'Repeat. But. Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your nose— What made you so awfully clever?' 'I have answered three questions. And yet you incessantly stand on your head— Do you think."' said the Caterpillar. now that I'm perfectly sure I have none. 'some of the words have got altered.' said the youth. 'I feared it might injure the brain.' said the Caterpillar decidedly. 'Not QUITE right.' said the youth.' said the Caterpillar. or I'll kick you down stairs!' 'That is not said right. Alice folded her hands. 'I took to the law. Why.' 'You are old. and began:— 'You are old. I do it again and again. "YOU ARE OLD.' Said his father.' 'You are old. at your age. timidly. and there was silence for some minutes. what is the reason of that?' 'In my youth. Has lasted the rest of my life. FATHER WILLIAM. it is right?' 'In my youth. Father William. I'm afraid. And argued each case with my wife. and that is enough. 'as I mentioned before. which it gave to my jaw.' said Alice. . 'don't give yourself airs! Do you think I can listen all day to such stuff? Be off. And have grown most uncommonly fat. And the muscular strength. 'one would hardly suppose That your eye was as steady as ever. Yet you turned a back-somersault in at the door— Pray.

Then it got down off the mushroom. sir. rearing itself upright as it spoke (it was exactly three inches high). This time Alice waited patiently until it chose to speak again. and in another moment it was out of sight. However. and nibbled a little of the right-hand bit to try the effect: the next moment she felt a violent blow underneath her chin: it had struck her foot! She was a good deal frightened by this very sudden change. 'Of the mushroom. you know. And she thought of herself.' Alice hastily replied. I'm not particular as to size. and it put the hookah into its mouth and began smoking again. and managed to swallow a morsel of the lefthand bit.' said the Caterpillar. 'I wish the creatures wouldn't be so easily offended!' 'You'll get used to it in time. just as if she had asked it aloud. 'Well. 'And now which is which?' she said to herself. and the other side will make you grow shorter. and broke off a bit of the edge with each hand. Alice remained looking thoughtfully at the mushroom for a minute. she found this a very difficult question. merely remarking as it went. 'But I'm not used to it!' pleaded poor Alice in a piteous tone. but she felt that there was no time to be lost. and she felt that she was losing her temper. Alice said nothing: she had never been so much contradicted in her life before. trying to make out which were the two sides of it. as she was shrinking rapidly. 'What size do you want to be?' it asked.The Caterpillar was the first to speak. 'Oh. that there was hardly room to open her mouth.' said the Caterpillar.' said the Caterpillar.' 'I DON'T know. 'Are you content now?' said the Caterpillar. and as it was perfectly round.' 'One side of WHAT? The other side of WHAT?' thought Alice to herself. * * * * * * * .' 'It is a very good height indeed!' said the Caterpillar angrily. Her chin was pressed so closely against her foot. 'One side will make you grow taller. at last she stretched her arms round it as far as they would go. 'only one doesn't like changing so often. I should like to be a LITTLE larger. so she set to work at once to eat some of the other bit. but she did it at last. In a minute or two the Caterpillar took the hookah out of its mouth and yawned once or twice. and crawled away in the grass. and shook itself. if you wouldn't mind.' said Alice: 'three inches is such a wretched height to be.

' the Pigeon went on.' said Alice. . when she found that her shoulders were nowhere to be found: all she could see. and nothing seems to suit them!' 'I haven't the least idea what you're talking about. raising its voice to a shriek. they must needs come wriggling down from the sky! Ugh. She had just succeeded in curving it down into a graceful zigzag. when she looked down. but she thought there was no use in saying anything more till the Pigeon had finished. rather doubtfully. and was beating her violently with its wings. but in a more subdued tone. she tried to get her head down to them. 'I'm a—I'm a—' 'Well! WHAT are you?' said the Pigeon. 'And just as I'd taken the highest tree in the wood. 'I've tried every way.' said the Pigeon. Serpent!' 'But I'm NOT a serpent.* * * * * * * * * * * * * 'Come. and was delighted to find that her neck would bend about easily in any direction. 'What CAN all that green stuff be?' said Alice. I haven't had a wink of sleep these three weeks!' 'I'm very sorry you've been annoyed.' continued the Pigeon. my poor hands. which changed into alarm in another moment. who was beginning to see its meaning. As there seemed to be no chance of getting her hands up to her head. and I've tried banks. which seemed to rise like a stalk out of a sea of green leaves that lay far below her. 'and just as I was thinking I should be free of them at last. and added with a kind of sob. I say again!' repeated the Pigeon. and was going to dive in among the leaves. 'I've tried the roots of trees. was an immense length of neck. without attending to her. 'Serpent!' screamed the Pigeon. I tell you!' said Alice. 'As if it wasn't trouble enough hatching the eggs. and I've tried hedges. 'Let me alone!' 'Serpent. how is it I can't see you?' She was moving them about as she spoke. 'but those serpents! There's no pleasing them!' Alice was more and more puzzled. but no result seemed to follow. like a serpent. my head's free at last!' said Alice in a tone of delight. except a little shaking among the distant green leaves. when a sharp hiss made her draw back in a hurry: a large pigeon had flown into her face.' said Alice.' said Alice. which she found to be nothing but the tops of the trees under which she had been wandering. 'I can see you're trying to invent something!' 'I—I'm a little girl. 'but I must be on the look-out for serpents night and day! Why. 'I'm NOT a serpent!' said Alice indignantly. as she remembered the number of changes she had gone through that day. 'And where HAVE my shoulders got to? And oh.

Alice crouched down among the trees as well as she could. as usual. there's half my plan done now! How puzzling all these changes are! I'm never sure what I'm going to be. that's all I can say. 'it'll never do to come upon them THIS size: why. then!' said the Pigeon in a sulky tone.' thought Alice. CHAPTER VI. you know. It was opened by another footman in livery. but she got used to it in a few minutes.' This was such a new idea to Alice. judging by his face only. I suppose you'll be telling me next that you never tasted an egg!' 'I HAVE tasted eggs. and both footmen. and every now and then she had to stop and untwist it. 'You're looking for eggs. 'Come. certainly. why then they're a kind of serpent. for her neck kept getting entangled among the branches. and if I was. who was a very truthful child. 'I've seen a good many little girls in my time. and she set to work very carefully. I shouldn't want YOURS: I don't like them raw.' 'Well. It was so long since she had been anything near the right size. no! You're a serpent.' said the Pigeon. as it happens. and growing sometimes taller and sometimes shorter. I wonder?' As she said this. 'but little girls eat eggs quite as much as serpents do.' said Alice. and large eyes like a frog. that it felt quite strange at first. I should frighten them out of their wits!' So she began nibbling at the righthand bit again. be off. she would have called him a fish)—and rapped loudly at the door with his knuckles. nibbling first at one and then at the other. and did not venture to go near the house till she had brought herself down to nine inches high. which gave the Pigeon the opportunity of adding. until she had succeeded in bringing herself down to her usual height. I know THAT well enough. 'Whoever lives there. I've got back to my right size: the next thing is. that she was quite silent for a minute or two. and there's no use denying it. she came suddenly upon an open place.' said Alice hastily. Pig and Pepper For a minute or two she stood looking at the house. and wondering what to do next. as it settled down again into its nest. After a while she remembered that she still held the pieces of mushroom in her hands. 'but I'm not looking for eggs. and what does it matter to me whether you're a little girl or a serpent?' 'It matters a good deal to ME. and began talking to herself.' 'I don't believe it. . 'but if they do. to get into that beautiful garden—how IS that to be done. with a round face. with a little house in it about four feet high. when suddenly a footman in livery came running out of the wood—(she considered him to be a footman because he was in livery: otherwise. from one minute to another! However.'A likely story indeed!' said the Pigeon in a tone of the deepest contempt. but never ONE with such a neck as that! No.

then.' He was looking up into the sky all the time he was speaking. and their curls got entangled together. no one could possibly hear you. But at any rate he might answer questions. staring stupidly up into the sky. aloud. and knocked. in the same solemn tone.' the Footman remarked. because I'm on the same side of the door as you are. '—or next day. 'if we had the door between us.' the Footman continued in the same tone. 'till tomorrow—' At this moment the door of the house opened. An invitation for the Duchess to play croquet. She felt very curious to know what it was all about.Alice noticed. as if a dish or kettle had been broken to pieces. Alice went timidly up to the door. only changing the order of the words a little. Alice laughed so much at this. 'the way all the creatures argue. for days and days. you know. and this he handed over to the other. 'For the Duchess. 'I shall sit here. An invitation from the Queen to play croquet. . if you were INSIDE. had powdered hair that curled all over their heads.' she said to herself.' the Footman went on without attending to her.' he said. that she had to run back into the wood for fear of their hearing her. 'ARE you to get in at all?' said the Footman. maybe. 'That's the first question. 'on and off. secondly.' she muttered to herself. For instance. It's enough to drive one crazy!' The Footman seemed to think this a good opportunity for repeating his remark. saying.' said Alice.' And certainly there was a most extraordinary noise going on within—a constant howling and sneezing. 'and that for two reasons. with variations. 'Please. nearly as large as himself.' The Frog-Footman repeated. you might knock. 'From the Queen. 'how am I to get in?' 'There might be some sense in your knocking. 'It's really dreadful. 'But perhaps he can't help it. exactly as if nothing had happened. and every now and then a great crash. and a large plate came skimming out. 'How am I to get in?' asked Alice again.' It was. and broke to pieces against one of the trees behind him.' 'But what am I to do?' said Alice. and crept a little way out of the wood to listen. and I could let you out. no doubt: only Alice did not like to be told so.' Then they both bowed low. 'I shall sit here. First. in a louder tone. you know. and when she next peeped out the Fish-Footman was gone.—How am I to get in?' she repeated. in a solemn tone.' said the Footman. straight at the Footman's head: it just grazed his nose. because they're making such a noise inside. and this Alice thought decidedly uncivil. 'There's no sort of use in knocking. The Fish-Footman began by producing from under his arm a great letter. and the other was sitting on the ground near the door. 'his eyes are so VERY nearly at the top of his head.

as an unusually large saucepan flew close by it. 'You don't know much.' Alice said very politely. the cook took the cauldron of soup off the fire. and a large cat which was sitting on the hearth and grinning from ear to ear. jumping up and down in an agony of terror. Even the Duchess sneezed occasionally. and as for the baby. which was full of smoke from one end to the other: the Duchess was sitting on a three-legged stool in the middle. feeling quite pleased to have got into a conversation. While she was trying to fix on one. and began whistling. 'and that's why. There was certainly too much of it in the air. and went on again:— 'I didn't know that Cheshire cats always grinned. it was sneezing and howling alternately without a moment's pause. The Duchess took no notice of them even when they hit her.' said the Duchess. there goes his PRECIOUS nose'.' .' said the Duchess. were the cook. as well as she could for sneezing. 'why your cat grins like that?' 'It's a Cheshire cat. 'Oh.' said the Footman. a little timidly.' the Duchess said in a hoarse growl. and at once set to work throwing everything within her reach at the Duchess and the baby—the fire-irons came first. then followed a shower of saucepans. 'and most of 'em do. and dishes. 'the world would go round a deal faster than it does.' 'They all can. the cook was leaning over the fire. and the baby was howling so much already. Pig!' She said the last word with such sudden violence that Alice quite jumped. but she saw in another moment that it was addressed to the baby. and not to her. 'If everybody minded their own business. that it was quite impossible to say whether the blows hurt it or not. The door led right into a large kitchen. so she took courage.' Alice did not at all like the tone of this remark. and very nearly carried it off. 'Oh. for she was not quite sure whether it was good manners for her to speak first.' 'I don't know of any that do. plates. I didn't know that cats COULD grin. and thought it would be as well to introduce some other subject of conversation. 'and that's a fact. there's no use in talking to him. stirring a large cauldron which seemed to be full of soup. The only things in the kitchen that did not sneeze. 'Oh.'Anything you like.' said Alice. nursing a baby.' said Alice desperately: 'he's perfectly idiotic!' And she opened the door and went in. PLEASE mind what you're doing!' cried Alice. 'There's certainly too much pepper in that soup!' Alice said to herself. 'Please would you tell me.' said the Duchess. in fact.

and seemed not to be listening. so as to prevent its .' said the Duchess. and kept doubling itself up and straightening itself out again. (which was to twist it up into a sort of knot. Because he knows it teases. Alice caught the baby with some difficulty. for the first minute or two. 'just like a star-fish.' said the Duchess. and then keep tight hold of its right ear and left foot. As soon as she had made out the proper way of nursing it. The poor little thing was snorting like a steam-engine when she caught it. And beat him when he sneezes: He only does it to annoy. to see if she meant to take the hint. (In which the cook and the baby joined):— 'Wow! wow! wow!' While the Duchess sang the second verse of the song. if you like!' the Duchess said to Alice. I THINK. 'I never could abide figures!' And with that she began nursing her child again. The cook threw a frying-pan after her as she went out.' CHORUS. don't bother ME.'Which would NOT be an advantage. so she went on again: 'Twenty-four hours. 'I must go and get ready to play croquet with the Queen. but the cook was busily stirring the soup. and the poor little thing howled so. 'chop off her head!' Alice glanced rather anxiously at the cook. as it was a queer-shaped little creature. it was as much as she could do to hold it. flinging the baby at her as she spoke. 'Just think of what work it would make with the day and night! You see the earth takes twenty-four hours to turn round on its axis—' 'Talking of axes.' and she hurried out of the room. and held out its arms and legs in all directions. who felt very glad to get an opportunity of showing off a little of her knowledge.' said Alice. or is it twelve? I—' 'Oh. and giving it a violent shake at the end of every line: 'Speak roughly to your little boy. 'Wow! wow! wow!' 'Here! you may nurse it a bit. but it just missed her. she kept tossing the baby violently up and down.' thought Alice. I beat him when he sneezes. singing a sort of lullaby to it as she did so. so that altogether. that Alice could hardly hear the words:— 'I speak severely to my boy. For he can thoroughly enjoy The pepper when he pleases!' CHORUS.

' said Alice. Visit either you like: they're both mad. and was just saying to herself.' thought Alice. waving its right paw round.' Alice felt that this could not be denied. Alice was just beginning to think to herself. to see if there were any tears. 'Oh. 'Don't grunt. 'I'll have nothing more to do with you. and she felt that it would be quite absurd for her to carry it further. 'they're sure to kill it in a day or two: wouldn't it be murder to leave it behind?' She said the last words out loud.' the Cat said. 'What sort of people live about here?' 'In THAT direction. It looked good-natured. 'Would you tell me. also its eyes were getting extremely small for a baby: altogether Alice did not like the look of the thing at all. 'lives a March Hare. it's pleased so far. 'If you're going to turn into a pig. rather timidly.) she carried it out into the open air.' said the Cat. which way I ought to go from here?' 'That depends a good deal on where you want to get to. it was impossible to say which). and felt quite relieved to see it trot away quietly into the wood. you're sure to do that. much more like a snout than a real nose. and they went on for some while in silence. 'if one only knew the right way to change them—' when she was a little startled by seeing the Cheshire Cat sitting on a bough of a tree a few yards off.' The baby grunted again. and Alice looked very anxiously into its face to see what was the matter with it. 'lives a Hatter: and in THAT direction. There could be no doubt that it had a VERY turn-up nose. 'But perhaps it was only sobbing. '—so long as I get SOMEWHERE. 'that's not at all a proper way of expressing yourself. 'Come. please. So she set the little creature down. so she felt that it ought to be treated with respect. so violently. 'Now. No. who might do very well as pigs. The Cat only grinned when it saw Alice.' Alice added as an explanation.' said Alice.' said the Cat.' she began.' . that she looked down into its face in some alarm.' waving the other paw. there were no tears. so she tried another question. 'If it had grown up. and she went on. she thought: still it had VERY long claws and a great many teeth. I think. 'if you only walk long enough. This time there could be NO mistake about it: it was neither more nor less than a pig. and looked into its eyes again. 'Cheshire Puss.undoing itself.' she thought.' she said to herself. and the little thing grunted in reply (it had left off sneezing by this time). it only grinned a little wider. 'IF I don't take this child away with me. what am I to do with this creature when I get it home?' when it grunted again. Mind now!' The poor little thing sobbed again (or grunted.' And she began thinking over other children she knew.' thought Alice. 'I don't much care where—' said Alice. as she did not at all know whether it would like the name: however.' said the Cat. 'Then it doesn't matter which way you go. 'it would have made a dreadfully ugly child: but it makes rather a handsome pig. my dear. seriously.

she went on 'And how do you know that you're mad?' 'To begin with. You're mad. 'I've seen hatters before.' Alice quietly said. she looked up. and after a minute or two she walked on in the direction in which the March Hare was said to live. you can't help that.' said the Cat. half expecting to see it again. which remained some time after the rest of it had gone. and wags its tail when it's pleased. 'Well. 'You must be. 'I said pig. 'Did you say pig. what became of the baby?' said the Cat. beginning with the end of the tail.' 'It turned into a pig. and perhaps as this is May it won't be raving mad—at least not so mad as it was in March. 'and I wish you wouldn't keep appearing and vanishing so suddenly: you make one quite giddy. and wag my tail when I'm angry.' said the Cat. just as if it had come back in a natural way. 'I thought it would. 'but a grin without a cat! It's the most curious thing I ever saw in my life!' .' Alice remarked. 'but I haven't been invited yet. and vanished again. or fig?' said the Cat. and this time it vanished quite slowly.' said Alice. While she was looking at the place where it had been.' As she said this. 'I'd nearly forgotten to ask. 'the March Hare will be much the most interesting. Alice waited a little. a dog growls when it's angry. 'Call it what you like.' said the Cat.' said the Cat: 'we're all mad here.' replied Alice. 'Do you play croquet with the Queen to-day?' 'I should like it very much. I'm mad.'But I don't want to go among mad people. and ending with the grin.' the Cat went on. 'Well! I've often seen a cat without a grin.' said the Cat.' 'How do you know I'm mad?' said Alice. sitting on a branch of a tree. she was getting so used to queer things happening. and there was the Cat again. and vanished. 'Oh.' 'You'll see me there.' Alice didn't think that proved it at all. then. Now I growl when I'm pleased.' said Alice. 'By-the-bye.' thought Alice.' 'I call it purring. 'you see. but it did not appear. however. Therefore I'm mad. 'a dog's not mad.' said the Cat. 'or you wouldn't have come here.' she said to herself.' 'All right. it suddenly appeared again. not growling.' said Alice. Alice was not much surprised at this.' said the Cat. You grant that?' 'I suppose so.

'It wasn't very civil of you to sit down without being invited.' thought Alice. because the chimneys were shaped like ears and the roof was thatched with fur. 'Do you mean that you think you can find out the answer to it?' said the March Hare. we shall have some fun now!' thought Alice. 'it's very rude.' The Hatter opened his eyes very wide on hearing this. but there was nothing on it but tea. fast asleep. 'There isn't any.' the March Hare said in an encouraging tone. 'I don't see any wine. It was so large a house. 'Exactly so. A Mad Tea-Party There was a table set out under a tree in front of the house. 'I'm glad they've begun asking riddles. 'it's laid for a great many more than three.—I believe I can guess that. but all he SAID was.' she remarked.' said the March Hare. and talking over its head.' said the March Hare. . as it's asleep.' she added aloud. and she sat down in a large arm-chair at one end of the table. I suppose it doesn't mind. 'There's PLENTY of room!' said Alice indignantly. 'I didn't know it was YOUR table.' said the Hatter. and the March Hare and the Hatter were having tea at it: a Dormouse was sitting between them.' Alice said with some severity. and the other two were using it as a cushion. and this was his first speech. 'Have some wine.She had not gone much farther before she came in sight of the house of the March Hare: she thought it must be the right house. 'Why is a raven like a writing-desk?' 'Come. that she did not like to go nearer till she had nibbled some more of the lefthand bit of mushroom. 'Very uncomfortable for the Dormouse. Alice looked all round the table. 'only. saying to herself 'Suppose it should be raving mad after all! I almost wish I'd gone to see the Hatter instead!' CHAPTER VII. 'You should learn not to make personal remarks. resting their elbows on it.' said Alice. but the three were all crowded together at one corner of it: 'No room! No room!' they cried out when they saw Alice coming. and raised herself to about two feet high: even then she walked up towards it rather timidly.' said Alice angrily. 'Then it wasn't very civil of you to offer it.' The table was a large one.' said Alice.' 'Your hair wants cutting. He had been looking at Alice for some time with great curiosity.

you know. and here the conversation dropped.' the March Hare went on. who seemed to be talking in his sleep.' added the Dormouse. The Hatter was the first to break the silence. and looked at it again: but he could think of nothing better to say than his first remark. and holding it to his ear. 'You might just as well say that "I see what I eat" is the same thing as "I eat what I see"!' 'You might just as well say.' she said. and the party sat silent for a minute. while Alice thought over all she could remember about ravens and writing-desks. and he poured a little hot tea upon its nose. shaking it every now and then.' the Hatter grumbled: 'you shouldn't have put it in with the bread-knife. you know.' said the Hatter. 'I told you butter wouldn't suit the works!' he added looking angrily at the March Hare. . 'that "I like what I get" is the same thing as "I get what I like"!' 'You might just as well say.'Then you should say what you mean. as politely as she could.' Alice hastily replied. Alice felt dreadfully puzzled.' said the Hatter.' Alice had been looking over his shoulder with some curiosity.' said the Hatter. which wasn't much.' 'Which is just the case with MINE. 'I do.' The March Hare took the watch and looked at it gloomily: then he dipped it into his cup of tea. and was looking at it uneasily. and yet it was certainly English. 'at least—at least I mean what I say—that's the same thing. 'I don't quite understand you. 'Does YOUR watch tell you what year it is?' 'Of course not.' 'Not the same thing a bit!' said the Hatter. 'Yes.' Alice replied very readily: 'but that's because it stays the same year for such a long time together. Alice considered a little. and doesn't tell what o'clock it is!' 'Why should it?' muttered the Hatter. 'What day of the month is it?' he said.' the March Hare meekly replied.' added the March Hare. 'The Dormouse is asleep again. turning to Alice: he had taken his watch out of his pocket. 'It was the BEST butter.' 'Two days wrong!' sighed the Hatter. 'that "I breathe when I sleep" is the same thing as "I sleep when I breathe"!' 'It IS the same thing with you. but some crumbs must have got in as well. 'It tells the day of the month. 'What a funny watch!' she remarked. The Hatter's remark seemed to have no sort of meaning in it. and then said 'The fourth. 'It was the BEST butter.

' she said. just time to begin lessons: you'd only have to whisper a hint to Time.' said Alice. perhaps. For instance. Now.' said the Hatter.' 'If you knew Time as well as I do. 'I dare say you never even spoke to Time!' 'Perhaps not. without opening its eyes. little bat! How I wonder what you're at!" You know the song. Alice sighed wearily. time for dinner!' ('I only wish it was. 'Not I!' he replied. suppose it were nine o'clock in the morning. 'than waste it in asking riddles that have no answers.' 'Have you guessed the riddle yet?' the Hatter said.' said Alice. 'No. certainly. The Hatter shook his head mournfully. 'Nor I.' Alice replied: 'what's the answer?' 'I haven't the slightest idea. and round goes the clock in a twinkling! Half-past one. I give it up. just what I was going to remark myself.' the March Hare said to itself in a whisper. 'you wouldn't talk about wasting IT. tossing his head contemptuously. 'Of course you don't!' the Hatter said.' Alice cautiously replied: 'but I know I have to beat time when I learn music.' said the March Hare. and I had to sing "Twinkle. and said. .' said the Hatter. 'Of course. if you only kept on good terms with him.' said the Hatter: 'but you could keep it to half-past one as long as you liked.' said Alice thoughtfully: 'but then—I shouldn't be hungry for it.) '— it was at the great concert given by the Queen of Hearts.' said the Hatter. you know—' (pointing with his tea spoon at the March Hare.) 'That would be grand. 'He won't stand beating.' 'Ah! that accounts for it.' 'I don't know what you mean. perhaps?' 'I've heard something like it. you know.' 'Not at first. of course.The Dormouse shook its head impatiently. he'd do almost anything you liked with the clock. 'I think you might do something better with the time. It's HIM. turning to Alice again. twinkle. 'We quarrelled last March — just before HE went mad.' 'Is that the way YOU manage?' Alice asked.

who always took a great interest in questions of eating and drinking. 'They lived on treacle. and we've no time to wash the things between whiles.' 'I'm afraid I don't know one. I suppose?' said Alice. 'Suppose we change the subject. 'in this way:— "Up above the world you fly.' 'Once upon a time there were three little sisters.' said the Hatter. 'Well.' the Dormouse began in a great hurry.' 'Then you keep moving round. 'Yes.' 'But what happens when you come to the beginning again?' Alice ventured to ask. 'I wasn't asleep. and began singing in its sleep 'Twinkle. I vote the young lady tells us a story.'It goes on. you know. Twinkle. and Tillie. . twinkle. I'd hardly finished the first verse. Lacie. feeble voice: 'I heard every word you fellows were saying. yawning. 'I'm getting tired of this. 'or you'll be asleep again before it's done. please do!' pleaded Alice. twinkle.' the Hatter went on in a mournful tone. after thinking a minute or two. The Dormouse slowly opened his eyes. 'Wake up.' said the Dormouse. 'he won't do a thing I ask! It's always six o'clock now. 'And be quick about it.' he said in a hoarse.' the Hatter continued. 'Is that the reason so many tea-things are put out here?' she asked. and they lived at the bottom of a well—' 'What did they live on?' said Alice.' A bright idea came into Alice's head. 'when the Queen jumped up and bawled out. 'Yes.' added the Hatter. 'Then the Dormouse shall!' they both cried. twinkle—"' Here the Dormouse shook itself. twinkle—' and went on so long that they had to pinch it to make it stop. Dormouse!' And they pinched it on both sides at once. Like a tea-tray in the sky. rather alarmed at the proposal. 'Exactly so. "He's murdering the time! Off with his head!"' 'How dreadfully savage!' exclaimed Alice.' said the Hatter: 'as the things get used up.' said the Hatter with a sigh: 'it's always tea-time.' said Alice.' 'Tell us a story!' said the March Hare. that's it.' the March Hare interrupted. 'and their names were Elsie. 'And ever since that.

'I won't interrupt again. but the Hatter and the March Hare went 'Sh! sh!' and the Dormouse sulkily remarked. 'And so these three little sisters—they were learning to draw. Alice did not quite know what to say to this: so she helped herself to some tea and breadand-butter.' 'You mean you can't take LESS. so she went on: 'But why did they live at the bottom of a well?' 'Take some more tea. quite forgetting her promise. The Hatter was the only one who got any advantage from the change: and Alice was a good deal worse off than before.' interrupted the Hatter: 'let's all move one place on.' said the Dormouse.' He moved on as he spoke. you know. but it puzzled her too much.' 'There's no such thing!' Alice was beginning very angrily.' said the Hatter. I dare say there may be ONE. 'If you can't be civil.' Alice gently remarked.'They couldn't have done that. and Alice rather unwillingly took the place of the March Hare. 'they'd have been ill.' said the Dormouse. 'Who's making personal remarks now?' the Hatter asked triumphantly.' 'Nobody asked YOUR opinion. Alice did not wish to offend the Dormouse again. and then said. and the Dormouse followed him: the March Hare moved into the Dormouse's place.' said Alice. stupid?' . so she began very cautiously: 'But I don't understand. However.' 'One. 'I've had nothing yet. as the March Hare had just upset the milk-jug into his plate. please go on!' Alice said very humbly. 'Treacle. 'VERY ill. and then turned to the Dormouse. 'so I should think you could draw treacle out of a treacle-well—eh. very earnestly.' said the Hatter: 'it's very easy to take MORE than nothing.' 'So they were. without considering at all this time. he consented to go on. 'It was a treacle-well. indeed!' said the Dormouse indignantly. and repeated her question. you know—' 'What did they draw?' said Alice.' 'No.' Alice replied in an offended tone. 'I want a clean cup. Where did they draw the treacle from?' 'You can draw water out of a water-well.' the March Hare said to Alice. you'd better finish the story for yourself.' Alice tried to fancy to herself what such an extraordinary ways of living would be like. 'Why did they live at the bottom of a well?' The Dormouse again took a minute or two to think about it. 'so I can't take more.

' This answer so confused poor Alice. and close to the little glass table. she noticed that one of the trees had a door leading right into it. Then she went to work nibbling at the mushroom (she had kept a piece of it in her pocket) till she was about a foot high: then she walked down the little passage: and THEN—she found herself at last in the beautiful garden. . This piece of rudeness was more than Alice could bear: she got up in great disgust. not choosing to notice this last remark. Alice was silent. 'At any rate I'll never go THERE again!' said Alice as she picked her way through the wood. 'Why not?' said the March Hare. though she looked back once or twice. 'I don't think—' 'Then you shouldn't talk. and memory. I'll manage better this time. 'Of course they were'. on being pinched by the Hatter. among the bright flower-beds and the cool fountains. said the Dormouse. and neither of the others took the least notice of her going. and was going off into a doze. Once more she found herself in the long hall. and walked off. it woke up again with a little shriek. such as mouse-traps. 'They were learning to draw. very much confused. The Dormouse had closed its eyes by this time. that she let the Dormouse go on for some time without interrupting it. and muchness—you know you say things are "much of a muchness"—did you ever see such a thing as a drawing of a muchness?' 'Really. '—well in. 'Now. and the moon.' the Dormouse went on. and unlocking the door that led into the garden.' she said to herself. and began by taking the little golden key. now you ask me. half hoping that they would call after her: the last time she saw them.' And in she went. 'and they drew all manner of things—everything that begins with an M—' 'Why with an M?' said Alice. they were trying to put the Dormouse into the teapot. 'But everything's curious today. but.'But they were IN the well.' Alice said to the Dormouse. yawning and rubbing its eyes. 'It's the stupidest tea-party I ever was at in all my life!' Just as she said this. and went on: ' —that begins with an M. for it was getting very sleepy. 'That's very curious!' she thought.' said Alice.' said the Hatter. the Dormouse fell asleep instantly. I think I may as well go in at once.

these were ornamented all over with diamonds. and the little dears came jumping merrily along hand in hand. and we put a white one in by mistake. Five! Don't go splashing paint over me like that!' 'I couldn't help it. After these came the royal children. and just as she came up to them she heard one of them say. 'That's none of YOUR business. 'Seven jogged my elbow. 'and I'll tell him—it was for bringing the cook tuliproots instead of onions. we should all have our heads cut off. with their hands and feet at the corners: next the ten courtiers. So you see. afore she comes. 'Why the fact is. these were all shaped like the three gardeners. in couples: they were all ornamented with hearts. 'That's right. and walked two and two.' said Five. but looked at Two. Miss. 'I heard the Queen say only yesterday you deserved to be beheaded!' 'What for?' said the one who had spoken first. 'Would you tell me. Miss. Two began in a low voice. there were ten of them. it IS his business!' said Five. who had been anxiously looking across the garden. 'and . 'Yes. a little timidly. but she could not remember ever having heard of such a rule at processions. called out 'The Queen! The Queen!' and the three gardeners instantly threw themselves flat upon their faces. Alice was rather doubtful whether she ought not to lie down on her face like the three gardeners. Two!' said Seven. There was a sound of many footsteps. last of all this grand procession.CHAPTER VIII. Then followed the Knave of Hearts. to—' At this moment Five. as she stood watching them.' On which Seven looked up and said. 'why you are painting those roses?' Five and Seven said nothing. of all the unjust things —' when his eye chanced to fall upon Alice. and if the Queen was to find it out. smiling at everything that was said. and went by without noticing her. and. but there were three gardeners at it. 'Look out now. carrying the King's crown on a crimson velvet cushion. as the soldiers did. this here ought to have been a RED rose-tree. in a sulky tone.' Seven flung down his brush. and Alice looked round. eager to see the Queen. oblong and flat. and among them Alice recognised the White Rabbit: it was talking in a hurried nervous manner. you see. you know. came THE KING AND QUEEN OF HEARTS. Five! Always lay the blame on others!' 'YOU'D better not talk!' said Five. mostly Kings and Queens. Alice thought this a very curious thing. and she went nearer to watch them. Next came the guests. First came ten soldiers carrying clubs. and all of them bowed low. and had just begun 'Well. and he checked himself suddenly: the others looked round also. The Queen's Croquet-Ground A large rose-tree stood near the entrance of the garden: the roses growing on it were white.' said Alice. busily painting them red. we're doing our best.

so please your Majesty. 'Idiot!' said the Queen. or soldiers. child?' 'My name is Alice. 'we were trying—' 'I see!' said the Queen.' said Two. but she added. and then quietly marched off after the others. tossing her head impatiently. The three soldiers wandered about for a minute or two. as they were lying on their faces. 'You shan't be beheaded!' said Alice. for. loud voice. so that they couldn't see it?' So she stood still where she was.' And then. and the pattern on their backs was the same as the rest of the pack.' said Alice very politely. or courtiers. and she put them into a large flower-pot that stood near. to herself. or three of her own children. looking for them. 'Leave off that!' screamed the Queen. she could not tell whether they were gardeners. and everybody else. . 'Are their heads off?' shouted the Queen. and the Queen said severely 'Who is this?' She said it to the Knave of Hearts. she went on. 'Why. and the Queen was silent. 'You make me giddy. who had meanwhile been examining the roses. surprised at her own courage. 'Get up!' said the Queen. 'What HAVE you been doing here?' 'May it please your Majesty. very carefully. 'It's no business of MINE. what would be the use of a procession. pointing to the three gardeners who were lying round the rosetree. three of the soldiers remaining behind to execute the unfortunate gardeners. When the procession came opposite to Alice. after all. and. I needn't be afraid of them!' 'And who are THESE?' said the Queen. and began bowing to the King. in a shrill. and the three gardeners instantly jumped up. my dear: she is only a child!' The Queen turned angrily away from him. very loudly and decidedly. she went on. in a very humble tone. and waited. 'Off with their heads!' and the procession moved on. 'if people had all to lie down upon their faces. turning to Alice. who ran to Alice for protection. the Queen.' The Queen turned crimson with fury. they're only a pack of cards. with one foot. and said to the Knave 'Turn them over!' The Knave did so. you see. the royal children. going down on one knee as he spoke. they all stopped and looked at her. after glaring at her for a moment like a wild beast. who only bowed and smiled in reply.' thought she. turning to the rose-tree. and timidly said 'Consider. 'What's your name. The King laid his hand upon her arm. and.besides. 'How should I know?' said Alice. screamed 'Off with her head! Off—' 'Nonsense!' said Alice.

put his mouth close to her ear. I said "What for?"' 'She boxed the Queen's ears—' the Rabbit began. 'Did you say "What a pity!"?' the Rabbit asked. 'Oh. it was all ridges and furrows. it was very provoking to find that the hedgehog had unrolled itself.' 'What for?' said Alice. quarrelling all the while. The chief difficulty Alice found at first was in managing her flamingo: she succeeded in getting its body tucked away. He looked anxiously over his shoulder as he spoke. she came rather late. and looked at Alice. I didn't. comfortably enough. who was peeping anxiously into her face. if it please your Majesty!' the soldiers shouted in reply. 'Come on. and was going to give the hedgehog a blow with its head. and whispered 'She's under sentence of execution. with such a puzzled expression that she could not help bursting out laughing: and when she had got its head down. 'No. tumbling up against each other. wondering very much what would happen next.'Their heads are gone. but generally. Alice soon came to the conclusion that it was a very difficult game indeed. and was going to begin again. and.' said Alice: 'I don't think it's at all a pity. there was generally a ridge or furrow in the way wherever she wanted to send the hedgehog to. under her arm. hush!' the Rabbit whispered in a frightened tone. Alice gave a little scream of laughter. and then raised himself upon tiptoe. and the game began. and Alice joined the procession. 'Yes!' shouted Alice. and in a very short time the Queen was in a furious passion. the mallets live flamingoes. and . then!' roared the Queen. the balls were live hedgehogs. just as she had got its neck nicely straightened out.' said Alice: '—where's the Duchess?' 'Hush! Hush!' said the Rabbit in a low. however. as the doubled-up soldiers were always getting up and walking off to other parts of the ground. 'That's right!' shouted the Queen. and was in the act of crawling away: besides all this. they got settled down in a minute or two. 'It's—it's a very fine day!' said a timid voice at her side. hurried tone. and people began running about in all directions. to make the arches. The players all played at once without waiting for turns. as the question was evidently meant for her. and fighting for the hedgehogs. 'The Queen will hear you! You see. She was walking by the White Rabbit. it WOULD twist itself round and look up in her face. and the Queen said—' 'Get to your places!' shouted the Queen in a voice of thunder. 'Very. Alice thought she had never seen such a curious croquet-ground in her life. 'Can you play croquet?' The soldiers were silent. with its legs hanging down. and the soldiers had to double themselves up and to stand on their hands and feet.

' thought she. 'Not at all. 'I've read that in some book. when she noticed a curious appearance in the air: it puzzled her very much at first.' 'I don't like the look of it at all. in rather a complaining tone.went stamping about. there's the arch I've got to go through next walking about at the other end of the ground—and I should have croqueted the Queen's hedgehog just now. nobody attends to them—and you've no idea how confusing it is all the things being alive.' said Alice: 'allow me to introduce it. at least. for instance. 'and then. and no more of it appeared. Alice began to feel very uneasy: to be sure. if there are. it may kiss my hand if it likes. but.' said Alice.' 'I'd rather not. she had not as yet had any dispute with the Queen.' . 'A cat may look at a king. and looking at the Cat's head with great curiosity. and shouting 'Off with his head!' or 'Off with her head!' about once in a minute. feeling very glad she had someone to listen to her. or at least one of them. The Cat seemed to think that there was enough of it now in sight. she made it out to be a grin. 'It's a friend of mine—a Cheshire Cat. Alice waited till the eyes appeared. 'and they all quarrel so dreadfully one can't hear oneself speak—and they don't seem to have any rules in particular. and wondering whether she could get away without being seen. 'Don't be impertinent.' said Alice: 'she's so extremely—' Just then she noticed that the Queen was close behind her. but I don't remember where. only it ran away when it saw mine coming!' 'How do you like the Queen?' said the Cat in a low voice.' the Cat remarked. 'Who ARE you talking to?' said the King.' Alice began. 'and don't look at me like that!' He got behind Alice as he spoke.' she thought. as soon as there was mouth enough for it to speak with. 'till its ears have come. 'It's no use speaking to it. 'what would become of me? They're dreadfully fond of beheading people here. and then nodded. but she knew that it might happen any minute.' The Queen smiled and passed on. listening: so she went on. that it's hardly worth while finishing the game. and began an account of the game.' said the King: 'however.' said the King. and then Alice put down her flamingo. that there's any one left alive!' She was looking about for some way of escape.' In another minute the whole head appeared. going up to Alice. 'I don't think they play at all fairly.' 'How are you getting on?' said the Cat. and she said to herself 'It's the Cheshire Cat: now I shall have somebody to talk to. after watching it a minute or two. the great wonder is. '—likely to win.

all round. as the game was in such confusion that she never knew whether it was her turn or not. who was passing at the moment. 'My dear! I wish you would have this cat removed!' The Queen had only one way of settling all difficulties. and both the hedgehogs were out of sight: 'but it doesn't matter much. while all the rest were quite silent.' thought Alice. the fight was over. the King. she was surprised to find quite a large crowd collected round it: there was a dispute going on between the executioner. and see how the game was going on. So she went in search of her hedgehog. 'I'll fetch the executioner myself.' the Queen said to the executioner: 'fetch her here. who were all talking at once. she was appealed to by all three to settle the question. it must be removed. and they repeated their arguments to her. that it might not escape again. (It was this last remark that had made the whole party look so grave and anxious. that if something wasn't done about it in less than no time she'd have everybody executed.' said the King very decidedly. that you couldn't cut off a head unless there was a body to cut it off from: that he had never had to do such a thing before. Alice thought she might as well go back. that her flamingo was gone across to the other side of the garden.' So she tucked it away under her arm. and went back for a little more conversation with her friend. as she heard the Queen's voice in the distance. By the time she had caught the flamingo and brought it back. The executioner's argument was. The King's argument was. screaming with passion. When she got back to the Cheshire Cat. she found it very hard indeed to make out exactly what they said. 'Off with his head!' she said. where Alice could see it trying in a helpless sort of way to fly up into a tree. 'as all the arches are gone from this side of the ground. The Queen's argument was. and he hurried off. and that you weren't to talk nonsense. as they all spoke at once. though.' said the King eagerly. The moment Alice appeared. She had already heard her sentence three of the players to be executed for having missed their turns. The hedgehog was engaged in a fight with another hedgehog. and he called the Queen. and the Queen. without even looking round. which seemed to Alice an excellent opportunity for croqueting one of them with the other: the only difficulty was.'Well.' And the executioner went off like an arrow. great or small.' 'She's in prison. and looked very uncomfortable. and he wasn't going to begin at HIS time of life. that anything that had a head could be beheaded. . and she did not like the look of things at all.) Alice could think of nothing else to say but 'It belongs to the Duchess: you'd better ask HER about it.

so she bore it as well as she could. child!' said the Duchess. I can't tell you just now what the moral of that is. that makes the world go round!"' 'Somebody said. 'and vinegar that makes them sour—and camomile that makes them bitter—and—and barley-sugar and such things that make children sweet-tempered. and that makes you forget to talk. so the King and the executioner ran wildly up and down looking for it. Alice was very glad to find her in such a pleasant temper. The Mock Turtle's Story 'You can't think how glad I am to see you again. and was a little startled when she heard her voice close to her ear. and secondly.' Alice ventured to remark. 'Everything's got a moral. ''Tis so. very much pleased at having found out a new kind of rule. because the Duchess was VERY ugly. 'When I'M a Duchess.' she said. However. (not in a very hopeful tone though).' she said to herself. she did not like to be rude. 'I won't have any pepper in my kitchen AT ALL. and they walked off together. tut.' said the Duchess: 'and the moral of that is—"Oh. you know—' She had quite forgotten the Duchess by this time.' she went on. CHAPTER IX. my dear. while the rest of the party went back to the game. by the time he had come back with the Duchess.' Alice whispered. but I shall remember it in a bit. it had entirely disappeared. because she was exactly the right height to rest her chin upon Alice's shoulder.The Cat's head began fading away the moment he was gone. Alice did not much like keeping so close to her: first. as she tucked her arm affectionately into Alice's. by way of keeping up the conversation a little.' And she squeezed herself up closer to Alice's side as she spoke. 'tis love. 'The game's going on rather better now. 'You're thinking about something. if only you can find it. you dear old thing!' said the Duchess. 'Tut. and it was an uncomfortably sharp chin. 'tis love. and thought to herself that perhaps it was only the pepper that had made her so savage when they met in the kitchen. I only wish people knew that: then they wouldn't be so stingy about it. Soup does very well without —Maybe it's always pepper that makes people hot-tempered.' 'Perhaps it hasn't one. 'that it's done by everybody minding their own business!' . and.

'Oh. 'it's a vegetable.' 'A cheap sort of present!' thought Alice. that I'm doubtful about the temper of your flamingo. who had not attended to this last remark. and the m—' . 'and the moral of that is—"Be what you would seem to be"—or if you'd like it put more simply—"Never imagine yourself not to be otherwise than what it might appear to others that what you were or might have been was not otherwise than what you had been would have appeared to them to be otherwise.'Ah. in a pleased tone. digging her sharp little chin into Alice's shoulder as she added.' 'I quite agree with you.' the Duchess said after a pause: 'the reason is."' 'I think I should understand that better. well! It means much the same thing. I THINK.' said Alice sharply.' said the Duchess.' the Duchess replied. 'there's a large mustard-mine near here. Shall I try the experiment?' 'HE might bite. who seemed ready to agree to everything that Alice said. 'Thinking again?' the Duchess asked. 'I make you a present of everything I've said as yet.' said Alice. 'I'm glad they don't give birthday presents like that!' But she did not venture to say it out loud. 'I dare say you're wondering why I don't put my arm round your waist.' said the Duchess: 'what a clear way you have of putting things!' 'It's a mineral. don't talk about trouble!' said the Duchess. 'Of course it is. 'Right. And the moral of that is—"Birds of a feather flock together.' 'That's nothing to what I could say if I chose.' said the Duchess. with another dig of her sharp little chin. 'and the moral of THAT is—"Take care of the sense."' 'Oh. the less there is of yours. And the moral of that is—"The more there is of mine. 'if I had it written down: but I can't quite follow it as you say it. It doesn't look like one. for she was beginning to feel a little worried.' Alice remarked. 'Pray don't trouble yourself to say it any longer than that.' Alice said very politely. but it is.' said the Duchess. as usual."' 'How fond she is of finding morals in things!' Alice thought to herself. 'as pigs have to fly.' said the Duchess: 'flamingoes and mustard both bite."' 'Only mustard isn't a bird. I know!' exclaimed Alice.' said Alice. not feeling at all anxious to have the experiment tried. and the sounds will take care of themselves. 'I've a right to think.' said the Duchess. 'Just about as much right.' Alice cautiously replied. 'Very true.

who of course had to leave off being arches to do this. half to itself. the Queen merely remarking that a moment's delay would cost them their lives. 'You are all pardoned. frowning like a thunderstorm. with her arms folded. 'either you or your head must be off. the Duchess's voice died away. or heard of one. and she walked off. 'Have you seen the Mock Turtle yet?' 'No.' the Queen said to Alice. I give you fair warning. 'What IS the fun?' said Alice. stamping on the ground as she spoke. leaving Alice alone with the Gryphon. . the Queen. look at the picture. quite out of breath. The Gryphon sat up and rubbed its eyes: then it watched the Queen till she was out of sight: then it chuckled. 'What fun!' said the Gryphon. Alice heard the King say in a low voice. and Alice.' 'Come. 'I don't even know what a Mock Turtle is. 'Now. 'I never saw one.' As they walked off together. and said to Alice. but on the whole she thought it would be quite as safe to stay with it as to go after that savage Queen: so she waited.' shouted the Queen. the moment they saw her.But here. and Alice was too much frightened to say a word. Alice looked up. lazy thing!' said the Queen. were in custody and under sentence of execution. and was gone in a moment. 'and he shall tell you his history. They very soon came upon a Gryphon.' and the arm that was linked into hers began to tremble. and that in about half no time! Take your choice!' The Duchess took her choice. for she had felt quite unhappy at the number of executions the Queen had ordered. and to hear his history. 'and take this young lady to see the Mock Turtle.' said Alice.' said the Queen. and were resting in the shade: however. and there stood the Queen in front of them. lying fast asleep in the sun. (IF you don't know what a Gryphon is.' 'It's the thing Mock Turtle Soup is made from. THAT'S a good thing!' she said to herself. your Majesty!' the Duchess began in a low. and all the players. to the company generally. 'Let's go on with the game.' said Alice. they hurried back to the game. I must go back and see after some executions I have ordered'. Then the Queen left off. to Alice's great surprise. then. but slowly followed her back to the croquet-ground.) 'Up. weak voice. 'Come on. and shouting 'Off with his head!' or 'Off with her head!' Those whom she sentenced were taken into custody by the soldiers. 'A fine day. half to Alice. so that by the end of half an hour or so there were no arches left.' said the Queen. The other guests had taken advantage of the Queen's absence. Alice did not quite like the look of the creature. except the King. even in the middle of her favourite word 'moral. All the time they were playing the Queen never left off quarrelling with the other players.

if he wasn't one?' Alice asked.'Why. and don't speak a word till I've finished. that: they never executes nobody. The master was an old Turtle—we used to call him Tortoise—' 'Why did you call him Tortoise. who felt ready to sink into the earth. but said nothing. 'This here young lady.' the Mock Turtle went on at last. She pitied him deeply. 'we went to school in the sea. though still sobbing a little now and then. and the constant heavy sobbing of the Mock Turtle.' but she could not help thinking there MUST be more to come. old fellow! Don't be all day about it!' and he went on in these words: 'Yes.' 'I'll tell it her. Come on!' So they went up to the Mock Turtle.' said the Mock Turtle at last. 'Drive on. 'When we were little. if he doesn't begin. Alice thought to herself. 'I don't see how he can EVEN finish. you know. 'You did. so she sat still and said nothing. very nearly in the same words as before. Alice could hear him sighing as if his heart would break. you know.' said the Gryphon. though you mayn't believe it—' 'I never said I didn't!' interrupted Alice. and. with a deep sigh. as they came nearer. 'It's all her fancy. 'Once. and then they both sat silent and looked at poor Alice. broken only by an occasional exclamation of 'Hjckrrh!' from the Gryphon. that: he hasn't got no sorrow. we went to school in the sea. 'What is his sorrow?' she asked the Gryphon. At last the Gryphon said to the Mock Turtle. sir.' said the Mock Turtle. 'I was a real Turtle. 'It's all his fancy. .' said the Gryphon. as she went slowly after it: 'I never was so ordered about in all my life.' said the Mock Turtle in a deep.' But she waited patiently. who looked at them with large eyes full of tears.' So they sat down.' These words were followed by a very long silence. both of you. 'she wants for to know your history. more calmly.' said the Mock Turtle angrily: 'really you are very dull!' 'You ought to be ashamed of yourself for asking such a simple question.' added the Gryphon.' thought Alice. and nobody spoke for some minutes. SHE. and the Gryphon answered. never!' They had not gone far before they saw the Mock Turtle in the distance. Alice was very nearly getting up and saying. she do. hollow tone: 'sit down. 'We called him Tortoise because he taught us. 'Thank you. sitting sad and lonely on a little ledge of rock. for your interesting story. Come on!' 'Everybody says "come on!" here.

'living at the bottom of the sea.' said the Mock Turtle in a tone of great relief.' 'I never heard of "Uglification. "French. and Fainting in Coils. though. ancient and modern.' 'What was THAT like?' said Alice.'Hold your tongue!' added the Gryphon.' said Alice."' Alice ventured to say. 'and then the different branches of Arithmetic—Ambition. before Alice could speak again. 'You know what to beautify is. I suppose?' 'Yes.' 'I couldn't afford to learn it. then. '—Mystery. 'Yes. Uglification. with Seaography: then Drawling—the Drawlingmaster was an old conger-eel. 'Now at OURS they had at the end of the bill.' the Mock Turtle replied. 'Ah! then yours wasn't a really good school. HE was. 'What! Never heard of uglifying!' it exclaimed."' 'You couldn't have wanted it much.' said Alice doubtfully: 'it means—to—make—anything—prettier. 'We had the best of educations—in fact. and Derision.' 'With extras?' asked the Mock Turtle a little anxiously. The Mock Turtle went on.' the Mock Turtle replied. 'I only took the regular course.' 'Well. that used to come once a week: HE taught us Drawling. you ARE a simpleton.' . 'Well. and said 'What else had you to learn?' 'Well. of course. 'What is it?' The Gryphon lifted up both its paws in surprise. 'we learned French and music.' 'What was that?' inquired Alice.' said the Mock Turtle with a sigh.' Alice did not feel encouraged to ask any more questions about it. AND WASHING—extra. 'you needn't be so proud as all that. Distraction. counting off the subjects on his flappers. so she turned to the Mock Turtle. And the Gryphon never learnt it. Stretching. music. 'if you don't know what to uglify is. I can't show it you myself.' 'Hadn't time. 'Reeling and Writhing.' said the Gryphon: 'I went to the Classics master. He was an old crab. too.' said Alice.' said Alice.' the Gryphon went on. there was Mystery. we went to school every day—' 'I'VE been to a day-school. to begin with. 'Certainly not!' said Alice indignantly.' the Mock Turtle said: 'I'm too stiff.' 'And washing?' said the Mock Turtle.

' This was quite a new idea to Alice. in a hurry to change the subject. and she thought it over a little before she made her next remark. and so on. he went on again:— 'You may not have lived much under the sea—' ('I haven't. turtles. 'What sort of a dance is it?' 'Why.' the Gryphon interrupted in a very decided tone: 'tell her something about the games now.' said the Mock Turtle. 'Same as if he had a bone in his throat. and said 'No.' 'What a curious plan!' exclaimed Alice. 'And how did you manage on the twelfth?' Alice went on eagerly.' the Mock Turtle said with a sigh: 'he taught Laughing and Grief. 'That's the reason they're called lessons.'I never went to him. At last the Mock Turtle recovered his voice. sighing in his turn.' said the Gryphon. 'And how many hours a day did you do lessons?' said Alice. 'Seals. never') '—so you can have no idea what a delightful thing a Lobster Quadrille is!' 'No. but for a minute or two sobs choked his voice. indeed. and drew the back of one flapper across his eyes. with tears running down his cheeks. He looked at Alice.' said the Mock Turtle: 'nine the next. salmon.' said the Gryphon: and it set to work shaking him and punching him in the back. 'Then the eleventh day must have been a holiday?' 'Of course it was.' the Gryphon remarked: 'because they lessen from day to day. 'you first form into a line along the sea-shore—' 'Two lines!' cried the Mock Turtle.' 'So he did. and.' said Alice)—'and perhaps you were never even introduced to a lobster—' (Alice began to say 'I once tasted—' but checked herself hastily. The Lobster Quadrille The Mock Turtle sighed deeply.' CHAPTER X.' said Alice. 'That's enough about lessons. and both creatures hid their faces in their paws. they used to say. so he did. then. when you've cleared all the jelly-fish out of the way—' . and so on. 'Ten hours the first day. and tried to speak.' said the Gryphon.

'Turn a somersault in the sea!' cried the Mock Turtle. '—you advance twice—' 'Each with a lobster as a partner!' cried the Gryphon. and he's treading on my tail. won't you. very slowly and sadly:— '"Will you walk a little faster?" said a whiting to a snail. will you join the dance? Will you. and the two creatures. and looked at Alice. won't you join the dance? "You can really have no notion how delightful it will be When they take us up and throw us.' interrupted the Gryphon. 'Change lobsters again!' yelled the Gryphon at the top of its voice. with a bound into the air. won't you. capering wildly about. too far!" and gave a look askance— .' said the Mock Turtle.' said Alice. '—as far out to sea as you can—' 'Swim after them!' screamed the Gryphon.' continued the Gryphon. See how eagerly the lobsters and the turtles all advance! They are waiting on the shingle—will you come and join the dance? Will you. every now and then treading on her toes when they passed too close. "There's a porpoise close behind us.' said Alice timidly. let's try the first figure!' said the Mock Turtle to the Gryphon. and that's all the first figure.' So they began solemnly dancing round and round Alice. sat down again very sadly and quietly. who had been jumping about like mad things all this time. out to sea!" But the snail replied "Too far. YOU sing.' said the Gryphon.' the Mock Turtle said: 'advance twice. Which shall sing?' 'Oh. 'I've forgotten the words. you know. suddenly dropping his voice. will you. and waving their forepaws to mark the time. 'Of course. 'Come.'THAT generally takes some time. 'Would you like to see a little of it?' said the Mock Turtle. 'you throw the—' 'The lobsters!' shouted the Gryphon. will you. while the Mock Turtle sang this. 'Back to land again. 'Then.' the Mock Turtle went on. set to partners—' '—change lobsters. 'Very much indeed. with the lobsters. 'It must be a very pretty dance. won't you. won't you. and retire in same order. 'We can do without lobsters. you know.

That's all. feeling very glad that it was over at last: 'and I do so like that curious song about the whiting!' 'Oh.' said Alice. 'they—you've seen them. will you. 'Why.' the Gryphon replied very solemnly. and the reason is—' here the Mock Turtle yawned and shut his eyes. 'Why?' 'IT DOES THE BOOTS AND SHOES. could not. will you. Would not. what are YOUR shoes done with?' said the Gryphon. would not. Will you. could not join the dance.' said the Mock Turtle: 'crumbs would all wash off in the sea. The further off from England the nearer is to France— Then turn not pale. if you like. won't you join the dance?"' 'Thank you. Alice was thoroughly puzzled. won't you.' said Alice. 'The reason is.' said the Gryphon.' he said to the Gryphon. '"What matters it how far we go?" his scaly friend replied. "There is another shore.' Alice replied thoughtfully. of course?' 'Yes. will you join the dance? Will you. could not. could not. would not. won't you. So they got their tails fast in their mouths. 'that they WOULD go with the lobsters to the dance.' 'You're wrong about the crumbs. of course you know what they're like. 'but if you've seen them so often.' 'I can tell you more than that. what makes them so shiny?' .' said the Gryphon. won't you. Would not. So they got thrown out to sea. it's a very interesting dance to watch.—'Tell her about the reason and all that. But they HAVE their tails in their mouths. 'it's very interesting.' 'Thank you. 'Do you know why it's called a whiting?' 'I never thought about it. So they couldn't get them out again. I never knew so much about a whiting before.Said he thanked the whiting kindly. 'I don't know where Dinn may be. So they had to fall a long way. upon the other side.' said the Mock Turtle.' said Alice. but he would not join the dance. beloved snail. 'They have their tails in their mouths—and they're all over crumbs. as to the whiting. would not join the dance. could not. won't you. 'Does the boots and shoes!' she repeated in a wondering tone. 'I've often seen them at dinn—' she checked herself hastily. 'I mean.' 'I believe so.' said the Mock Turtle. you know.' said Alice. but come and join the dance.

but her head was . Tell her to begin. 'I'd have said to the porpoise.' the Gryphon replied rather impatiently: 'any shrimp could have told you that. and began to repeat it.' the Mock Turtle said: 'no wise fish would go anywhere without a porpoise.' 'Explain all that. and said 'That's very curious.' 'I could tell you my adventures—beginning from this morning. 'I should like to hear her try and repeat something now. And the Gryphon added 'Come. 'How the creatures order one about. but she gained courage as she went on. I should say "With what porpoise?"' 'Don't you mean "purpose"?' said Alice.' 'Wouldn't it really?' said Alice in a tone of great surprise. and told me he was going a journey.' the Gryphon went on in a deep voice. FATHER WILLIAM. 'I might as well be at school at once.' the Mock Turtle replied in an offended tone.' said the Gryphon in an impatient tone: 'explanations take such a dreadful time. and considered a little before she gave her answer. 'It all came different!' the Mock Turtle repeated thoughtfully. "Keep back.' 'It's all about as curious as it can be.' said the Mock Turtle: 'why. no! The adventures first. one on each side. 'Soles and eels.' said Alice a little timidly: 'but it's no use going back to yesterday.' However. she got up. if a fish came to ME.' said Alice. 'They're done with blacking. 'Of course not.' said the Mock Turtle. and then the Mock Turtle drew a long breath. because I was a different person then.' said the Gryphon.Alice looked down at them.' 'If I'd been the whiting. let's hear some of YOUR adventures. 'are done with a whiting. please: we don't want YOU with us!"' 'They were obliged to have him with them. 'Stand up and repeat "'TIS THE VOICE OF THE SLUGGARD. the two creatures got so close to her. Now you know.' 'Boots and shoes under the sea.' He looked at the Gryphon as if he thought it had some kind of authority over Alice. whose thoughts were still running on the song. and the words all coming different."' said the Gryphon. 'No. 'I mean what I say.' So Alice began telling them her adventures from the time when she first saw the White Rabbit. She was a little nervous about it just at first.' to the Caterpillar. I believe. Her listeners were perfectly quiet till she got to the part about her repeating 'YOU ARE OLD. and opened their eyes and mouths so VERY wide. of course.' 'And what are they made of?' Alice asked in a tone of great curiosity. and make one repeat lessons!' thought Alice.

wondering if anything would EVER happen in a natural way again.] 'That's different from what I used to say when I was a child. While the Owl had the dish as its share of the treat. and longed to change the subject.' the Mock Turtle interrupted. and she went on in a trembling voice:— 'I passed by his garden. that she hardly knew what she was saying.' Alice said. 'Go on with the next verse." eyelids. And concluded the banquet—] 'What IS the use of repeating all that stuff. But. 'if you don't explain it as you go on? It's by far the most confusing thing I ever heard!' .' Alice said nothing. I heard him declare. 'Go on with the next verse. When the pie was all finished. How the Owl and the Panther were sharing a pie—' [later editions continued as follows The Panther took pie-crust.' said the Mock Turtle. but was dreadfully puzzled by the whole thing. and meat. 'I should like to have it explained.' [later editions continued as follows When the sands are all dry. and gravy.' 'But about his toes?' the Mock Turtle persisted. And will talk in contemptuous tones of the Shark. His voice has a timid and tremulous sound.' said the Gryphon.' said the Gryphon hastily.' the Gryphon repeated impatiently: 'it begins "I passed by his garden. 'but it sounds uncommon nonsense. the Owl. I must sugar my hair. and marked. and the words came very queer indeed:— ''Tis the "You have As a duck Trims his voice of baked me with its belt and the Lobster. 'Well. when the tide rises and sharks are around. so he with his nose his buttons. too brown. Was kindly permitted to pocket the spoon: While the Panther received knife and fork with a growl. she had sat down with her face in her hands. with one eye.so full of the Lobster Quadrille. though she felt sure it would all come wrong. 'How COULD he turn them out with his nose. 'She can't explain it."' Alice did not dare to disobey. I never heard it before. he is gay as a lark. as a boon. you know?' 'It's the first position in dancing.' said the Mock Turtle. and turns out his toes.

Beautiful. beautiful Soup! Beau—ootiful Soo—oop! Beau—ootiful Soo—oop! Soo—oop of the e—e—evening. in a rather offended tone." will you. beautiful Soup!' . please. but the Gryphon only answered 'Come on!' and ran the faster. 'Shall we try another figure of the Lobster Quadrille?' the Gryphon went on. in a voice sometimes choked with sobs. a song. the melancholy words:— 'Soo—oop of the e—e—evening. Waiting in a hot tureen! Who for such dainties would not stoop? Soup of the evening. when a cry of 'The trial's beginning!' was heard in the distance.' said the Gryphon: and Alice was only too glad to do so. carried on the breeze that followed them. I think you'd better leave off. 'Or would you like the Mock Turtle to sing you a song?' 'Oh. Game. beautiful Soup! Soup of the evening. it hurried off. without waiting for the end of the song. Beautiful. 'Come on!' cried the Gryphon. while more and more faintly came. so eagerly that the Gryphon said. taking Alice by the hand. beautiful Soup! 'Beautiful Soup! Who cares for fish. and. Beautiful. beauti—FUL SOUP!' 'Chorus again!' cried the Gryphon.' Alice replied. 'What trial is it?' Alice panted as she ran.'Yes. to sing this:— 'Beautiful Soup. and began. and the Mock Turtle had just begun to repeat it. old fellow?' The Mock Turtle sighed deeply. so rich and green. if the Mock Turtle would be so kind. 'Hm! No accounting for tastes! Sing her "Turtle Soup. or any other dish? Who would not give all else for two Pennyworth only of beautiful Soup? Pennyworth only of beautiful Soup? Beau—ootiful Soo—oop! Beau—ootiful Soo—oop! Soo—oop of the e—e—evening.

Alice had never been in a court of justice before. to make out who was talking. before the trial's begun. with a large dish of tarts upon it: they looked so good. 'That's the judge.' she said to herself. with a trumpet in one hand. Alice could not stand. that it made Alice quite hungry to look at them — 'I wish they'd get the trial done.' you see. (look at the frontispiece if you want to see how he did it. was the King.' (she was obliged to say 'creatures. by the way.) 'I suppose they are the jurors. She did it so quickly that the poor little juror (it was Bill.' the Gryphon whispered in reply. as well as the whole pack of cards: the Knave was standing before them. after hunting all about for it.) he did not look at all comfortable. Who Stole the Tarts? The King and Queen of Hearts were seated on their throne when they arrived. with a great crowd assembled about them—all sorts of little birds and beasts. Alice could see. 'Silence in the court!' and the King put on his spectacles and looked anxiously round. and it was certainly not becoming. and she went round the court and got behind him. being rather proud of it: for she thought. and very soon found an opportunity of taking it away. that very few little girls of her age knew the meaning of it at all.' she thought. and as he wore his crown over the wig.' and that he had to ask his neighbour to tell him. In the very middle of the court was a table. 'A nice muddle their slates'll be in before the trial's over!' thought Alice.CHAPTER XI. 'and hand round the refreshments!' But there seemed to be no chance of this.' 'They're putting down their names. 'What are they doing?' Alice whispered to the Gryphon. that all the jurors were writing down 'stupid things!' on their slates. 'They can't have anything to put down yet. and rightly too. The twelve jurors were all writing very busily on slates.' The judge. 'because of his great wig. in chains. 'jury-men' would have done just as well. to pass away the time. he was obliged to . so. with a soldier on each side to guard him. and some were birds.' She said this last word two or three times over to herself. so she began looking at everything about her. 'and those twelve creatures. for the White Rabbit cried out.' thought Alice. because some of them were animals. indignant voice. but she had read about them in books. 'for fear they should forget them before the end of the trial. as well as if she were looking over their shoulders. 'And that's the jury-box. and near the King was the White Rabbit. However. and she was quite pleased to find that she knew the name of nearly everything there. the Lizard) could not make out at all what had become of it. One of the jurors had a pencil that squeaked. and a scroll of parchment in the other.' 'Stupid things!' Alice began in a loud. This of course. but she stopped hastily. and she could even make out that one of them didn't know how to spell 'stupid.

or I'll have you executed on the spot. as it left no mark on the slate. 'When did you begin?' The Hatter looked at the March Hare. and called out. who turned pale and fidgeted. 'Herald. 'Give your evidence. I think it was. your Majesty. not yet!' the Rabbit hastily interrupted. and read as follows:— 'The Queen of Hearts.' the King said to the jury.' said the King.' the Hatter added as an explanation. He came in with a teacup in one hand and a piece of bread-and-butter in the other. 'Fourteenth of March. who instantly made a memorandum of the fact. 'for bringing these in: but I hadn't quite finished my tea when I was sent for. All on a summer day: The Knave of Hearts. and the jury eagerly wrote down all three dates on their slates. I'm a hatter. 'First witness!' The first witness was the Hatter.' he said. On this the White Rabbit blew three blasts on the trumpet.' 'You ought to have finished.' the King said to the Hatter. 'Sixteenth. and then unrolled the parchment scroll.' added the Dormouse. 'Not yet. 'Write that down. 'Take off your hat. and then added them up. 'Fifteenth. he stole those tarts. 'I've none of my own. 'and don't be nervous. 'I beg pardon. And took them quite away!' 'Consider your verdict.' he began. arm-in-arm with the Dormouse.' said the March Hare.write with one finger for the rest of the day. she made some tarts. who had followed him into the court. read the accusation!' said the King. and began staring at the Hatter.' said the King.' . 'It isn't mine. turning to the jury.' said the King. 'I keep them to sell. and this was of very little use. 'There's a great deal to come before that!' 'Call the first witness. and reduced the answer to shillings and pence. 'Stolen!' the King exclaimed.' the King said to the jury. and the White Rabbit blew three blasts on the trumpet.' Here the Queen put on her spectacles.' said the Hatter.

looking anxiously round to see if he would deny it too: but the Dormouse denied nothing.' said the King: 'leave out that part. 'It began with the tea. in a trembling voice. but I grow at a reasonable pace.' 'Well. . and. All this time the Queen had never left off staring at the Hatter. 'Don't talk nonsense. at any rate. '—and I hadn't begun my tea—not above a week or so—and what with the bread-and-butter getting so thin—and the twinkling of the tea—' 'The twinkling of the what?' said the King.' the Hatter replied. who was sitting next to her.' said the Dormouse. just as the Dormouse crossed the court.' said the Dormouse. Just at this moment Alice felt a very curious sensation.' 'I'm a poor man. your Majesty. 'Give your evidence. which puzzled her a good deal until she made out what it was: she was beginning to grow larger again.' the King repeated angrily.' 'Yes. 'or I'll have you executed.' the Hatter went on. 'He denies it. 'Bring me the list of the singers in the last concert!' on which the wretched Hatter trembled so.' 'You've no right to grow here. but on second thoughts she decided to remain where she was as long as there was room for her.' said Alice more boldly: 'you know you're growing too. 'I deny it!' said the March Hare. 'I wish you wouldn't squeeze so. 'Of course twinkling begins with a T!' said the King sharply. the Dormouse said—' the Hatter went on.' said the Dormouse: 'not in that ridiculous fashion.' 'I can't help it.' said Alice very meekly: 'I'm growing. 'Do you take me for a dunce? Go on!' 'I'm a poor man.This did not seem to encourage the witness at all: he kept shifting from one foot to the other. 'You did!' said the Hatter. 'I can hardly breathe. and she thought at first she would get up and leave the court.' And he got up very sulkily and crossed over to the other side of the court. being fast asleep. looking uneasily at the Queen. she said to one of the officers of the court. that he shook both his shoes off.' the Hatter began. whether you're nervous or not. 'and most things twinkled after that—only the March Hare said—' 'I didn't!' the March Hare interrupted in a great hurry. and in his confusion he bit a large piece out of his teacup instead of the bread-and-butter.

' The miserable Hatter dropped his teacup and bread-and-butter. 'Give your evidence. (As that is rather a hard word. "There was some attempts at applause. I will just explain to you how it was done. who was reading the list of singers.' 'If that's all you know about it. 'Come. that finished the guinea-pigs!' thought Alice.' 'Then you may SIT down. as it is.' the Queen added to one of the officers: but the Hatter was out of sight before the officer could get to the door.' said the Hatter.' . without even waiting to put his shoes on. The King looked anxiously at the White Rabbit. 'Shan't.'After that.' remarked the King.' said the Hatter. They had a large canvas bag. and was suppressed. which tied up at the mouth with strings: into this they slipped the guinea-pig. 'or I'll have you executed. The next witness was the Duchess's cook. '—and just take his head off outside. 'Now we shall get on better. which was immediately suppressed by the officers of the court.' said the cook.' thought Alice. 'You MUST remember. 'You're a very poor speaker. by the way the people near the door began sneezing all at once. 'I cut some more bread-and-butter—' 'But what did the Dormouse say?' one of the jury asked.' 'I'd rather finish my tea.' he began. 'Your Majesty must cross-examine THIS witness. She carried the pepper-box in her hand. 'Call the next witness!' said the King.' said the King. 'I'm a poor man. and then sat upon it. 'I've so often read in the newspapers." and I never understood what it meant till now. at the end of trials.' said the King. 'You may go. 'That I can't remember. head first. Here one of the guinea-pigs cheered. you may stand down.' continued the King. Here the other guinea-pig cheered.' continued the Hatter. and Alice guessed who it was. 'I can't go no lower. your Majesty. and the Hatter hurriedly left the court. and went down on one knee. and was immediately suppressed by the officers of the court.' the King replied. even before she got into the court. with an anxious look at the Queen.) 'I'm glad I've seen that done.' said the King. who said in a low voice.' said the Hatter: 'I'm on the floor.

'Never mind!' said the King. and their slates and pencils had been found and handed back to them. I must. and she had a vague sort of idea that they must be collected at once and put back into the jury-box. 'until all the jurymen are back in their proper places—ALL.' he repeated with great emphasis. with an air of great relief. and the poor little thing was waving its tail about in a melancholy way. '—for they haven't got much evidence YET. the cook had disappeared.' the King said. in her haste. and put it right. 'Oh. they set to work very diligently to . 'I should think it would be QUITE as much use in the trial one way up as the other. quite forgetting in the flurry of the moment how large she had grown in the last few minutes. She soon got it out again. Imagine her surprise. 'Really. 'Treacle. after folding his arms and frowning at the cook till his eyes were nearly out of sight. reminding her very much of a globe of goldfish she had accidentally upset the week before. she had put the Lizard in head downwards.' said a sleepy voice behind her.' she said to herself. 'Call the next witness. and there they lay sprawling about. and began picking them up again as quickly as she could. if I must. 'The trial cannot proceed. 'Behead that Dormouse! Turn that Dormouse out of court! Suppress him! Pinch him! Off with his whiskers!' For some minutes the whole court was in confusion. or they would die. at the top of his shrill little voice.' said the King in a very grave voice. and. and she jumped up in such a hurry that she tipped over the jury-box with the edge of her skirt. with a melancholy air. Alice's Evidence 'Here!' cried Alice. my dear. and. being quite unable to move. upsetting all the jurymen on to the heads of the crowd below. 'Collar that Dormouse. mostly.' said the cook. and saw that.' the Queen shrieked out. I BEG your pardon!' she exclaimed in a tone of great dismay. getting the Dormouse turned out.' she said to herself.' And he added in an undertone to the Queen. YOU must cross-examine the next witness.'Well. 'What are tarts made of?' 'Pepper. when the White Rabbit read out. It quite makes my forehead ache!' Alice watched the White Rabbit as he fumbled over the list. feeling very curious to see what the next witness would be like.' As soon as the jury had a little recovered from the shock of being upset. by the time they had settled down again. the name 'Alice!' CHAPTER XII. 'not that it signifies much. Alice looked at the jury-box. for the accident of the goldfish kept running in her head. he said in a deep voice. looking hard at Alice as he said do.

'Rule Forty-two. 'That's very important. 'but it doesn't matter a bit. 'You are. They were just beginning to write this down on their slates.' the King hastily said.' and some 'unimportant. and shut his note-book hastily. as she was near enough to look over their slates. cackled out 'Silence!' and read out from his book. jumping up in a great hurry. 'Well.' she thought to herself.' added the Queen.' Alice could see this. all except the Lizard. but frowning and making faces at him as he spoke. 'There's more evidence to come yet. who seemed too much overcome to do anything but sit with its mouth open.' said the King.' he said in a very respectful tone. that's not a regular rule: you invented it just now. 'Nearly two miles high.' he said to the jury. 'Nothing whatever. please your Majesty. At this moment the King. 'Nothing WHATEVER?' persisted the King.' said Alice. of course. Some of the jury wrote it down 'important.' said Alice. who had been for some time busily writing in his note-book. 'I'M not a mile high. . The King turned pale.write out a history of the accident. 'this paper has just been picked up.' said Alice.' the King said.' said Alice. of course. when the White Rabbit interrupted: 'UNimportant.' said the White Rabbit. turning to the jury. trembling voice.' 'It's the oldest rule in the book. 'UNimportant.' said the King. I meant.' Everybody looked at Alice. 'Consider your verdict. 'What do you know about this business?' the King said to Alice. ALL PERSONS MORE THAN A MILE HIGH TO LEAVE THE COURT. 'Then it ought to be Number One.' said Alice: 'besides. and went on to himself in an undertone. 'important—unimportant—unimportant—important—' as if he were trying which word sounded best. I shan't go. 'Nothing.' 'What's in it?' said the Queen. at any rate. gazing up into the roof of the court. in a low. your Majesty means.

and they can't prove I did: there's no name signed at the end. written by the prisoner to—to somebody. 'Where shall I begin. 'and go on till you come to the end: then stop. please your Majesty?' he asked.'I haven't opened it yet.' the King said gravely. they're not.' said the White Rabbit.' There was a general clapping of hands at this: it was the first really clever thing the King had said that day. or else you'd have signed your name like an honest man. 'but it seems to be a letter. The White Rabbit put on his spectacles. 'I didn't write it.' said the King.' said the King.' said the King. 'and that's the queerest thing about it.' 'Who is it directed to?' said one of the jurymen. and added 'It isn't a letter. But said I could not swim. you don't even know what they're about!' 'Read them. 'No.' said the King.' said the White Rabbit. there's nothing written on the OUTSIDE.' (The jury all looked puzzled. 'unless it was written to nobody. 'in fact. after all: it's a set of verses. which isn't usual.' said the Queen.) 'Please your Majesty. (The jury all brightened up again. 'That PROVES his guilt. He sent them word I had not gone (We know it to be true): If she should push the matter on. you know.' 'It must have been that.' 'Are they in the prisoner's handwriting?' asked another of the jurymen.) 'He must have imitated somebody else's hand.' said the Knave.' These were the verses the White Rabbit read:— 'They told me you had been to her. 'Why. And mentioned me to him: She gave me a good character. 'It isn't directed at all.' said the White Rabbit.' 'If you didn't sign it.' He unfolded the paper as he spoke. You MUST have meant some mischief. What would become of you? . 'It proves nothing of the sort!' said Alice. 'that only makes the matter worse. 'Begin at the beginning.

I gave her one, they gave him two, You gave us three or more; They all returned from him to you, Though they were mine before. If I or she should chance to be Involved in this affair, He trusts to you to set them free, Exactly as we were. My notion was that you had been (Before she had this fit) An obstacle that came between Him, and ourselves, and it. Don't let him know she liked them best, For this must ever be A secret, kept from all the rest, Between yourself and me.'

'That's the most important piece of evidence we've heard yet,' said the King, rubbing his hands; 'so now let the jury—' 'If any one of them can explain it,' said Alice, (she had grown so large in the last few minutes that she wasn't a bit afraid of interrupting him,) 'I'll give him sixpence. I don't believe there's an atom of meaning in it.' The jury all wrote down on their slates, 'SHE doesn't believe there's an atom of meaning in it,' but none of them attempted to explain the paper. 'If there's no meaning in it,' said the King, 'that saves a world of trouble, you know, as we needn't try to find any. And yet I don't know,' he went on, spreading out the verses on his knee, and looking at them with one eye; 'I seem to see some meaning in them, after all. "— SAID I COULD NOT SWIM—" you can't swim, can you?' he added, turning to the Knave. The Knave shook his head sadly. 'Do I look like it?' he said. (Which he certainly did NOT, being made entirely of cardboard.) 'All right, so far,' said the King, and he went on muttering over the verses to himself: '"WE KNOW IT TO BE TRUE—" that's the jury, of course—"I GAVE HER ONE, THEY GAVE HIM TWO—" why, that must be what he did with the tarts, you know—' 'But, it goes on "THEY ALL RETURNED FROM HIM TO YOU,"' said Alice. 'Why, there they are!' said the King triumphantly, pointing to the tarts on the table. 'Nothing can be clearer than THAT. Then again—"BEFORE SHE HAD THIS FIT—" you never had fits, my dear, I think?' he said to the Queen. 'Never!' said the Queen furiously, throwing an inkstand at the Lizard as she spoke. (The unfortunate little Bill had left off writing on his slate with one finger, as he found it made no

mark; but he now hastily began again, using the ink, that was trickling down his face, as long as it lasted.) 'Then the words don't FIT you,' said the King, looking round the court with a smile. There was a dead silence. 'It's a pun!' the King added in an offended tone, and everybody laughed, 'Let the jury consider their verdict,' the King said, for about the twentieth time that day. 'No, no!' said the Queen. 'Sentence first—verdict afterwards.' 'Stuff and nonsense!' said Alice loudly. 'The idea of having the sentence first!' 'Hold your tongue!' said the Queen, turning purple. 'I won't!' said Alice. 'Off with her head!' the Queen shouted at the top of her voice. Nobody moved. 'Who cares for you?' said Alice, (she had grown to her full size by this time.) 'You're nothing but a pack of cards!' At this the whole pack rose up into the air, and came flying down upon her: she gave a little scream, half of fright and half of anger, and tried to beat them off, and found herself lying on the bank, with her head in the lap of her sister, who was gently brushing away some dead leaves that had fluttered down from the trees upon her face. 'Wake up, Alice dear!' said her sister; 'Why, what a long sleep you've had!' 'Oh, I've had such a curious dream!' said Alice, and she told her sister, as well as she could remember them, all these strange Adventures of hers that you have just been reading about; and when she had finished, her sister kissed her, and said, 'It WAS a curious dream, dear, certainly: but now run in to your tea; it's getting late.' So Alice got up and ran off, thinking while she ran, as well she might, what a wonderful dream it had been. But her sister sat still just as she left her, leaning her head on her hand, watching the setting sun, and thinking of little Alice and all her wonderful Adventures, till she too began dreaming after a fashion, and this was her dream:— First, she dreamed of little Alice herself, and once again the tiny hands were clasped upon her knee, and the bright eager eyes were looking up into hers—she could hear the very tones of her voice, and see that queer little toss of her head to keep back the wandering hair that WOULD always get into her eyes—and still as she listened, or seemed to listen, the whole place around her became alive with the strange creatures of her little sister's dream. The long grass rustled at her feet as the White Rabbit hurried by—the frightened Mouse splashed his way through the neighbouring pool—she could hear the rattle of the teacups as the March Hare and his friends shared their never-ending meal, and the shrill voice of the Queen ordering off her unfortunate guests to execution—once more the pig-baby was sneezing on the Duchess's knee, while plates and dishes crashed around it—once more the shriek of the Gryphon, the squeaking of the Lizard's slate-pencil, and the choking of the

suppressed guinea-pigs, filled the air, mixed up with the distant sobs of the miserable Mock Turtle. So she sat on, with closed eyes, and half believed herself in Wonderland, though she knew she had but to open them again, and all would change to dull reality—the grass would be only rustling in the wind, and the pool rippling to the waving of the reeds —the rattling teacups would change to tinkling sheep-bells, and the Queen's shrill cries to the voice of the shepherd boy—and the sneeze of the baby, the shriek of the Gryphon, and all the other queer noises, would change (she knew) to the confused clamour of the busy farm-yard— while the lowing of the cattle in the distance would take the place of the Mock Turtle's heavy sobs. Lastly, she pictured to herself how this same little sister of hers would, in the after-time, be herself a grown woman; and how she would keep, through all her riper years, the simple and loving heart of her childhood: and how she would gather about her other little children, and make THEIR eyes bright and eager with many a strange tale, perhaps even with the dream of Wonderland of long ago: and how she would feel with all their simple sorrows, and find a pleasure in all their simple joys, remembering her own child-life, and the happy summer days.
THE END

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