Chapter -1

Origin of the Industrial System
prepared by… Aakash Kr. Varma Aarti Gandhi Abhay Malik

Abhisek Maji

1

transportation. psychology. Origin of the Industrial System 2 .constuction.Industrial Engineering : Preface  Formulated science of management  It directs the efficient conduct even of manufacturing. to fuse from theses older sciences a distinct body of science of its own. commercial enterprises-of any undertaking.or directed to accomplishing any kind of work. sociology. economics.indeed. philosophy and accountancy.in which human labor is  Emerged due to rise and expansion of manufacturing system.  Applied science that has drawn upon mechanical engineering.

manufacture.Cycle of operations Gross Profit Money Finished products and services Raw Material & Labor  Last money. sale and administration (conversion losses) Origin of the Industrial System 3 .First money = gross profit  Part of gross profit is absorbed in the operations of purchase.

Machinery and Equipment  Definition and direction of financial and commercial policies Origin of the Industrial System  Doesn't deal with mechanical consideration of 4 .Duties of Industrial Engineer  Co-ordinate all departments in any industry  Efficient and economical production: Efficiency engineer  Direction of natural power and manpower  Technical counsel and superintendence of technical elements  Management.executive and administrative of whole dynamic organization including Men.

creative and synthetic Devises improvement methods and processes Correction of inefficiencies Rearrangement of plants. departments or operations New policies. wage systems and reward systems for employees 5 . cost determination  Graphical representation of data  Pick bad/weak spots of business Origin of the System Industrial Apprehension of  Active.Industrial engineer’s Work: Phases Analytical  Passive  Deals with existent data  Data analysis: increase    Creative  working knowledge  Collection and tabulation of statistics.

direction Mon ey and Managem ent Meth od Produ ct administration  Men : the human factor and the co- ordination  Market: the sink for the products  Money: gauge and limit to adjust all other Mark et Men Machin ery direction of employment of employment factors Make machinery cost less by managing all other resources Secure proportion between expenditure and earning Find remedies for disproportion in earnings and expenditure .Elements of Industrial Engineering  Machinery: creation of products Material  Materials: input for the industrial machines  Methods: time and cost saving techniques  Management: execution. if any Origin of the Industrial System 6 .

especially with “ made first and sold later”  Buyer invests where he can get best value for his money  Earning profit even after producing best goods at least price  Knowledge of actual cost and ability to reduce it  Efficiency  Competition leads to duplication of resources.e. wastage  Better approach: Reduction of costs and elimination of wastes Origin of the Industrial System 7 .Reduction of cost: Forces  Competition  Exists from foundation of world. i.

Reasons for Emergence of Industrial System  Technical skills • The knowledge part • Can’t sustain if economy is unable to make use of it • E. – Steam engine: Watt and Hero  Economical and Commercial conditions • Demand for new technology • Ready and waiting for technology to utilize it • Potential market  Psychological factors  Emphasis on the importance of invention  Make people believe in new  Mould conditions and men to gain advantage Origin of the Industrial System 8 .g.

Typical Layout of Vehicle Manufacturing Company PAINT SHOP INVENTORY STORES FOR VEHICLE & ENGINE ASSEMBLY STORES FOR MACHINE SHOP STORES FOR PAINT SHOP PART PAINTING UNIT MACHINE SHOP I QUALITY / INSPECTIO N AREA ENGINE STOCK ENGINE ASSEMBLY ADMINISTR ATION VEHICLE FOR TESTING VEHICLE ASSEMBLY MAINTAINANCE DEPT TOOLING DEPT VEHICLE TESTING AREA MACHINING INVENTORY FABRICATION INVENTORY FABRICATION UNIT REST AREA MACHINE SHOP II STORES FOR FABRICATION CHILD PARTS Origin of the Industrial System 9 .

Thank you… Origin of the Industrial System 10 .

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