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SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011

Analysis
[4541/1] [4541/2] [4541/3]

Chemistry
Paper2 Paper3 Section A Section B Section C 06 07 08 09 10 06 07 08 09 10 06 07 08 09 10 06 07 08 09 10 06 07 08 09 10 Paper 1 4 4 4 4 4 2 4 2 3 6 3 4 4 6 2 3 7 4 1 4 4 5 2 6 2 7 3 3 6 3 2 2 2 5 3 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 6 10 6 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1

Chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.my

Introduction to chemistry The structure of atom 3 Chemical formulae 6 and equation Periodic Table of 4 elements Chemical bond 4 Electrochemistry 2 Acids and bases 3 Salts Manufactured 5 substances in industry Rate of reaction 7 Carbon compound 6 Oxidation and 3 reduction Thermochemistry 4 Chemical for 1 consumer Total 50

4 1½ ½ ½ 5 3 5 4 3 4 3 4 2 4 3 ½ ½ 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 6 1 1

- ½ 1 1 -

- ½ 1 - - 1 - - 1 - - 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 6 6

- - 1 - ½ ½ 1 2 2 2 2

- ½ -

50 50 50 50 6

Electron arrangement of atom Y is 2. Both atoms share their valence electron 9. Increasing of nucleon number C. 1 mole of water contains the same number of molecules as the number of atoms in 12 g carbon-12. Atom hydrogen donates electron to atom nitrogen D. Sodium chloride B. Ion Y has 11 protons D.7 A.8. Oxygen B. II and III C. 8. Ion Y has 11 electrons JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. I and II B.8. R. B. II and III D. Atom P has the smallest size. 1 mole of carbon monoxide contains the same number of atoms as the number of atoms in 12 g carbon-12. Which of the following statements is true about one mole of a substance? A. Sodium sulphate C. 1 mole of carbon dioxide contains 6 x 1023 atoms C. acidic solution and gas X produced.8. 1 mole of magnesium contains 6 x 1023 molecules B. Atom Y has 13 neutrons B. which of the following is a true statement? [4541/1] 6. Need a lot of energy to break their bonds. When metal in group 1 reacts with water.afterschool. Chlorine D. Elements in Periodic Table are arranged according to the A. III and IV 23 11 Y A. Which of the following statements correctly describe a strong acid? I have a high pH value II Ionizes completely in water III Has a high concentration of hydrogen ions IV reacts with alkali to produce salt and water A.5 C. Carbon dioxide C. Soluble in organic solvent D. I. Easily to volatile 10. I and III C. B. 3.5 S 2. Increasing of the size of atoms D. Q. Which of the following is a property of ionic compound A.1 Q 2. What is a substance that used as a baking powder? A. I. Hydrogen 7. Increasing of proton number B. Atom P is most electronegative D. Sodium hydrogen carbonate. II and III 4. Atom nitrogen receives electron from atom hydrogen B. Atom R is more electronegative than atom S. What is gas X? A. II. Covalent bond between atoms nitrogen and atoms hydrogen is formed when A.SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 105 Chemistry Paper 1 1. Increasing of number of electron 5. S and it electron arrangement. I and II B. Which of the following statement is true? Atoms Electron arrangement P 2. Atom hydrogen receives electron from atom nitrogen C. Calcium carbonate D. D.my . I and IV D. I. C. Table below shows the atom P.8 R 2.8. Atom S is smaller than atom R. 2. Refer to the diagram below. Able to conduct electricity in solid state C. Which of the following substance has a correct molecular formula? Substance Molecular formula I Cupper(II) nitrate Cu(NO3)2 II Silver chloride AgCl2 III Sodium oxide NaO IV Aluminium sulphate Al2(SO4)3 A.

R and S.8.0 x 1023 atoms 1. D. [ Relative Atomic Mass : R.106 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 17. 22 D. Exist as diatomic molecules B.afterschool.2 x 1023 atoms JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. 55 ] A. Which statement correct about noble gases A. 9. X Carbon electrode.90 g C. 0. How many atoms that contain in 1 mol of chlorine gas. Calculate the mass of oxygen gas in this jar? [ Relative Atomic Mass : O. Has high melting and boiling point D. +4 B. 11. C. C. Do not formchemical bonds C. Exist as gas at room temperature C. Table below shows the proton number of elements P. Q. 4. 16 13. 20 C.96 g D. P. 0. Calculate the mass of element M that combine with 2.0 x 1023 atoms 1. X and Y react to form compound XY. Q.4 C. Dissolve in tetrachloromethane B. 24 12 Which of the following is true about compound produced? Y 16 8 Y Carbon electrode. Metal X forms an oxide with formula X2O3. 0. B. R.30 g B. Q. 4.95 g 19. S.8. B. P B. 26 g 18.2 x 1024 atoms 3. A jar contains 1. 16 . S. 0. Cl2? A.74 g C. Do not conduct electricity in the aqueous and molten state 15. Diagram below shows the apparatus set up for electrolysis of silver nitrate solution. Y A. Calculate the oxidation number of carbon in CO3-2 ion? A. R 16. 16 . Combine with transition metals to form coloured compounds . What is proton number of atom X? A.00 g B. XCl B. so the formula of chloride compound X is A. +5 D.8 x 1022 molecules of oxygen gas.25 g D. 18 B. P. S D. . Arrange all these elements in the order of increasing atomic size 20. D. Element Proton number P 11 Q 13 R 16 S Silver nitrate solution What are the products at electrode X and Y? Electrode X Oxygen gas Oxygen gas Silver metal Hydrogen gas Electrode Y Silver metal Hydrogen gas Oxygen gas Oxygen gas 19 A. XCl3 D. R. X2Cl3 A. 6.my 14. The empirical formula of this compound is MR2. Form ions with different valencies D. Ion X2+ has an electron arrangement 2. Q. 3. S C. XCl2 C. 6 x 1023 mol-1] A. R. Q. M.88 g of element R to form a compound. If the formula of chloride ion is Cl-. – 5 12. P. Avogadro constant .

L. Arrange metals K.4 dm3 at STP] A.12 g of sodium carbonate is added to the excess dilute hydrochloric acid. 12 .1 g 27. N. K D. I. 25. 0. N. Table below shows the voltmeter reading for the different pairs of metal. M and N in descending order in the Electrochemical Series. 0. M. 16 . 1 mol gas occupied 24 dm3 at room condition] A. D.1 g C. N. C. Pb(CH3COO)2 + H2SO4 → PbSO4 + 2CH3COOH C. K. Pairs of metal Positive terminal Negative terminal K L N M K N M L A. M B. Pb + H2SO4 → PbSO4 + H2 23. 0. I.8 0. Pb(NO3)2 + MgSO4 → PbSO4 + Mg(NO3)2 D. Calculate the volume of oxygen gas that is needed to burn 14 g of ethene completely at room condition? [ Relative Atomic Mass : C. 35. What is the product of reaction when zinc is reacted with sodium carbonate? I II III IV water hydrogen gas zinc carbonate carbon dioxide gas 107 26. Cl. 64 .4 g D.5 A.48 dm3 C.5 g B. 2. M. Copper(II) carbonate D. Diagram below shows the set up apparatus to study the effect of heat on salt. 23 . B.24 dm3 C2H4 + 3O2 2CO2 + 2H2O 29. Na. 4. L. Calculate the volume of carbon dioxide gas released at STP when 2. L.4 0. Calculate the mass of copper(II) chloride must be dissolved in water to prepare 200 cm3 0.1 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid 0. 8. 12 dm3 36 dm3 24 dm3 48 dm3 Heat strongly Lime water Which of the following salt will not turn lime water to cloudy? A. N.7 1. L C. B. D. 2. K.my . Calculate the concentration of this sulphuric acid? A.1 moldm-3 sodium hydroxide solution is needed to neutralize 20 cm3 dilute sulphuric acid. 1 mol gas occupied 22.01 moldm-3 Voltmeter reading/v 2.1 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide solution 24.448 dm3 B.SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 21.125 moldm-3 0. [ Relative Atomic Mass : Cu. 0. Sodium carbonate B. D.afterschool. II.05 moldm-3 0. H. B.5] A. Lead(II) carbonate C. [ Relative Atomic Mass : C. II and III C. I and II B. L 28.1 mol dm-3 of ammonia solution 0. K.224 dm3 D. 13. III and IV 22. M.3 moldm-3 of copper(II) chloride solution. 12 . 25 cm3 of 0. C. III and IV D. 1 . O.1 mol dm-3 of ethanoic acid 0. Zinc carbonate JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. Pb(NO3)2 + Na2SO4 → PbSO4 + 2NaNO3 B. Which of the following equation most suitable to prepare lead(II) sulphate salt? A. C. 4. Which of the following solutions can show a pH value of 8? A.0625 moldm-3 0.

Propanol . 3. II 33. D. Loweringthe temperature of hydrochloric acid C. 3 of gas/cm A. Glass C. Adding water to hydrochloric acid 36. Ceramic B. Volume I gas/cm of gas/cm C. 31.3-dimethyl pentan-2-ol I D.3-dimethyl pentan-2-ol B.my Hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate The rate of the above reaction can be increased by A. B. 2. B. Ethanol B.3-dimethyl pentan-4-ol 3 Time / s Time / s 37. 3. 30. Excess of magnesium powder and 20 cm3 of 2 mol dm3sulphuric acid 35.2-dimethyl pentan-2-ol Volume of gas/cm C. 2. P + CH3CH2COOH → CH3CH2COOCH2CH2CH3 + H2O Name the compound P. Experiment Substances I 4 g of magnesium powder and 50 cm3 of 2 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid II 4 g of magnesium powder and 50 cm3 of 1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid Which of the following the following graphs represents the two experiments? 3 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.108 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 34. II I Time / s D. C. The following equation represents a reaction to prepare an Time / s Time / s ester. Metal D. Manufactured substance in industry Polythene Lead glass Photochromic glass Plastic reinforced with glass Uses Lenses Mirror Optical lenses Test tube A. II I II I A. D. Name the compound below using IUPAC nomenclature. Butanol D. Excess of magnesium powder and 20 cm3 of 1 mol dm3sulphuric acid D. A substance has the following properties: • Hard and opaque • Good insulator of heat and electricity • Inert towards chemicals Which of following substances has the above properties? A. An experiment is carried out to study the rate of reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen gas. Volume of Volume 3 3 Volume of gas/cm I II II I Time / s Time / s II Time / s Volume of gas/cm 3 II I Volume of Volume gas/cm of gas/cm 3 3 B. Grinding the marble chips B.afterschool. Which of the following reactants will give the highest initial rate of reaction? A. Using a larger flask D. Methanol C. Which of the following is true about manufactured substances in industry and its uses? A. Excess of magnesium powder and 20 cm3 of 1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid B. Which of the following is true about alloy and its major component? Alloy Duralumin Steel Bronze Pewter Major component Magnesium Tin Copper Zinc A. C. Polymer 32. Diagrambelowshowstheapparatusset-upusedtostudytherateo freactionofcalciumcarbonate and hydrochloric acid. Excess of magnesium powder and 20 cm3 of 2 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid C.

Fe2+is reduced B.42 oC B. Aluminium D. Pb2+ + SO42. The following equation shows the reaction for the formation of lead(II) sulphate salt. III and IV 39. 5000 kJ D. Lead Which of the following is true about this reaction? Heat change Heat is released Heat is absorbed Heat is released Heat is absorbed Type of reaction Endothermic Exothermic Exothermic Endothermic JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. Propene changes into propane B. Br2is a reducing agent C. 500 kJ B. Br2accepts electrons Ag+ + Cl. Magnesium B. Fe2+is an oxidizing agent D. The formula of compound X is C3H7COOH B. II and III B. 2500 kJ C. D. 40. B. Zinc C. Compound X can conduct electricity C. 0. Compound X is propene A. H. When the propan-1-ol is oxidized by using acidified potassium dichromate(VI). compound X is produced. 16] A.→ PbSO4 ∆H = −42kJmol-1 Gel + potassium hexacyanoferrat (III) + phenolphthalein Iron nail is coiled with metal X 41. 1250 kJ 45. 0. Fat form from the reaction between glycerol and fatty acid Palm oil is an example unsaturated fat Fat is a natural ester 42. Chlorine molecule gains electrons.56 oC D. Which of the following is an oxidation process? A. Magnesiumatomformsmagnesiumion.2 kJmol-1 43. after a few days the blue colour was observed around the iron nail. I.→ AgCl ∆H = − 67. A. Which of the following statement is true about compound X? A. 12 . Calculate the change of temperature when 50 cm3 of silver nitrate solution 0. Which of the following statements is true about fat? I II III IV Saturated fat can be converted to unsaturated fat by hydrogenation process. I. 0. Reaction between iron(II)sulphate solution and bromine can be represented by the equation below 2 Fe2++ Br2 → 2Fe3++ 2Br- 109 Which of the following is true about the reaction? A.1 moldm-3. C. 0. When the iron nail was coiled with metal X. 1 . [ Relative Atomic Mass : C. I. A.SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 38.1 moldm-3 is added to 50 cm3 of dilute hydrochloric 0. D. Which of the following metal might be metal X? A. O. II. Calculate the heat change when 90 g of glucose is burnt completely in excess oxygen.afterschool. III and IV C.my . II. Lead(II) oxide loses its oxygen C. III and IV D.84 oC C. Compound X can turn red litmus paper to blue D.80 oC C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O ∆H = −2500 kJmol-1 44.

Saltiness B. I. I and III only B.my END OF QUESTION PAPER . II . III and IV JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. Which of the following medicine could be suitable to treat him? A. He cannot sleep normally for the last two weeks. Which of the following the molecules is soap? A. Barbiturate C. Antioxidant D. II and IV only C. Streptomycin 48. Vinegar is used widely in fruit pickle industry. Codeine B.110 46. Which of the following statements is true about the liquid produced? I II III IV it has a pH value of less than 7 it consists of hydrogen chloride molecules it changes blue litmus to red it does not conduct electric current 47. C. Which type of food additive is represented by vinegar? A. Dry hydrogen chloride gas is passed through methyl benzene for a few minutes. Colouring agent B. Ali facing a lot of family problems and he is under depression. II and III only D. CH3(CH2)14COOH CH3(CH2)14COONa CH3(CH2)15COOCH3 CH3(CH2)2OH SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 49. Easy to find D. Toxicity 50. B.afterschool. Thickener C. Preservative A. D. Which of the following characteristics shows that salt is suitable used as food preservative A. I. Dehydrating property C. Paracetamol D.

_____________________________________________________________________ (ii) State one uses of polymer X in our daily life. _____________________________________________________________________ . (ii) State one advantage of uses of polymer Y than metal pipe. Explain how synthetic polymer can cause environmental pollution? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] [1 mark] (e) Rubber is an example of natural polymer. Diagram 1 shows the two types of monomer X and Y.SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 111 Chemistry Paper 2 SECTION A Answer All Questions 1. (i) Draw the structure of polymer Y. [4541/2] H H H H H Cl H H C = C C = C Diagram 1 (a) Polymer is made up from the combining of repeated small units called monomer. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 mark] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. _____________________________________________________________________ (d) [2 marks] [1 mark] The uses of synthetic polymer can cause environmental pollution. Name the monomer of natural rubber.my (c) Polymer Y is used to replace metal pipe. Name the process forming of polymer? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) (i) Polymer X is widely used in our daily life.afterschool. Name the monomer of X.

Element Proton number Na 11 Mg 12 Al 13 Si 14 Table 1 P 15 S 16 Cl 17 Ar 18 (a) What is meant by proton number? _____________________________________________________________________ (b) How does the atomic size change across the period 3? Explain your answer.112 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 2. silver chloride solution Carbon electrode X Carbon electrode Y A Diagram 2 . State the number of protons and electrons in magnesium ion? Protons Electrons :_________________________________________________________ :_________________________________________________________ [2 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [3 marks] (c) Magnesium atom can form magnesium ion. 32 .afterschool. (i) Name the type of chemical bond in the compound formed _____________________________________________________________________ (ii) Write the formula for the compound formed. _____________________________________________________________________ 3. [ Relative Atomic Mass : S.my (d) Sulphur. 1] _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] (e) (i) State the element which reacts with water to produce acidic solution? _____________________________________________________________________ (ii) Name the acid that produced in (e)(i). _____________________________________________________________________ (iii) Calculate the Relative Molecular Mass for the compound formed in (c)(ii). H. Table 1 shows the elements in period 3 in Periodic Table. Diagram 2 shows the apparatus set up for the electrolysis of silver chloride solution by using carbon electrodes. S reacts with hydrogen to form a compound.

_____________________________________________________________________ (b) The yellow greenish gas is release at carbon electrode Y. _____________________________________________________________________ (c) (i) Suggest solution Y that is required to be added to solution of salt X to produce copper(II) carbonate. Diagram 3 shows the steps in the preparation of copper(II) carbonate salt. _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] . _____________________________________________________________________ 113 [2 marks] [1 mark] [2 marks] [ 2 marks] (c) The experiment is repeated by replacing carbon electrodes silver electrodes. Step 1 Step 2 Copper(II) oxide Solution of salt X + Sulphuric acid + Solution Y Diagram 3 Copper (II) carbonate (a) State the colour of copper(II) carbonate. (i) State the observation at X.. (i) Write the chemical equation for the reaction that takes place.SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 (a) State the meaning of electrolysis. (i) Name the gas released. _____________________________________________________________________ (b) Name salt X. _____________________________________________________________________ (ii) Name the product at anode _____________________________________________________________________ (iii) State the factor that affecting the product at anode? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. _____________________________________________________________________ (ii) Name the reaction to produce copper(II) carbonate in step II.my 4. _____________________________________________________________________ (ii) Explain why the gas you mention in (b)(i) is released? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ (iii) Write the half equation occur in carbon electrode Y. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] [1 mark] (d) 30 cm3 of 0.afterschool.2 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid reacts with excess copper(II) oxide.

Cu.1( mol gas occupied 24 dm3 at room condition) [2 marks] [3 marks] . 16] (e) Describe briefly how you can convert copper(II) carbonate to copper(II) oxide. 16 . _____________________________________________________________________ [2marks] [1 mark] [1 mark] (c) 3. JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.114 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 (ii) Calculate the mass of salt X that is produced. (i) State the functional group of P. (i) Name the process X.0 g of compound P is burnt completely in excess oxygen. O. [3 marks] [1 mark] Diagram 4 (a) Compound P is produced from the hydration of propene.my [1 mark] (b) Compound P react with ethanoic acid to form compound Q and water.afterschool. Diagram 4 shows the change of a compound P into another compound through the several processes. (i) Write the chemical equation for this reaction. S. _____________________________________________________________________ (ii) Draw the isomers of compound P. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. 1. 64 . _____________________________________________________________________ (ii) Name the compound Q. O. _____________________________________________________________________ (ii) Calculate the volume of oxygen gas needed at room condition to burn compound P completely. [ Relative Atomic Mass : C. 32 . 12 . H. [ Relative Atomic Mass.

37 g of the butanol is used to heat 500 cm3 of water. 16] (ii) The temperature change of water. 1 . _____________________________________________________________________ (b) 0. State two reasons why. Predict the heat of combustion of butanol? Explain why.2 Jg-1 0C-1] [2 marks] (c) Draw the energy level diagram for this reaction. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] (e) The experiment is repeated by using butanol to replace propanol. O. [specific heat capacity of water. [2 marks] [2 marks] (d) The heat of combustion of propanol from experiment actually lower than the actual value. H. The thermochemical below represents the combustion reaction of butanol in the excess oxygen. [Relative Atomic Mass : C.SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 6.my . 12 . c = 4. C4H9OH + 6O2 → 4CO2 + 5H2O ∆H = -2679 kJmol-1 [1 mark] 115 (a) State the meaning of heat of combustion.afterschool. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. Calculate: (i) The heat released in this experiment.

O.my [6 marks] (b) (ii) By comparing the percentage of carbon between ethane and ethene. shows also calculation steps. [4 marks] [6 marks] (d) Describe how to prepare 250 cm3 of 1. Name the process involved and write the chemical equation for this reaction. (a) By name one example.0 mol dm-3 potassium hydroxide starting from solid potassium hydroxide. (i) Describe the chemical test how to differentiate between ethane and ethane. (b) State two chemical properties of acid. 39 . Give the reasons for the each property.116 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 SECTION B [20 marks] Answer any one question from this section 7. explain which compound produces more sootiness? [4 marks] (iii) Ethene can be converted to ethane. Your answer should include the following. K. 1] [10 marks] 8. write the chemical equation involved. (i) Elasticity (ii) Resistance toward oxidation (iii) Resistant toward high temperature.afterschool. [7 marks] . [Relative Atomic Mass . H. 16 . (a) Ethane is an example of saturated hydrocarbon and ethene is an example of unsaturated hydrocarbon. For the each properties. explain what is : (i) Diprotic acid (ii) Monoprotic acid. [3 marks] Compare the properties of vulcanized rubber and unvulcanized rubber. In your explanation. JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.

[3 marks] (ii) Sulphur dioxide gas is emitted to the environmental from the manufacture of sulphuric acid. (a) Table 2 shows two reactions and their equation respectively. Ammonia is manufactured in industry by Harber process. (ii) Half equation for oxidation and reduction. [2 marks] [3 marks] [3 marks] [6 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. Reaction Equation I Pb(NO3)2 + K2SO4 → 2KNO3 + PbSO4 II 2KBr + Cl2 → 2KCl + Br2 Table 2 Based on the table 2. Explain how sulphur dioxide can cause environmental pollution? [3 marks] 10. which reactions is redox reaction and non redox reaction. (iii) Oxidizing agent and reducing agent [6 marks] . (iii) If 7. (ii) State three condition to produce optimum ammonia from Harber process. (i) Write the equation for the formation of ammonia through the Harber process. Which fertilizer is better for farmer? Explain why. From this reaction: (i) State two observations. [4 marks] (b) Diagram 6 show the set up of apparatus of the displacement reaction.2 dm3 of hydrogen gas is reacted with nitrogen gas at room condition. State three uses of sulphuric acid.my (b) (i) Sulphuric acid is an example of manufactured substance in industry that has many uses in our daily life.SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 117 SECTION C [20 marks] Answer any one question from this section 9.afterschool. Explain your answer in term of change in oxidation number. calculate the maximum ammonia produced? [1 mol gas = 24 dm3 at room condition] (iv) Ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate are two common fertilizers made from ammonia. (a) Ammonia is use widely in our daily life.

my A Iron nail only B Iron nail coiled with copper Diagram 5 C Iron nail coiled with magnesium State the observation in the test tube A. Explain why these observations can occur in all the test tubes.afterschool. JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www. [10 marks] END OF QUESTION PAPER . SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 (ii) The experiment was carried out to investigate the rusting of iron when it was coiled using copper and magnesium strip as shown in diagram 5. B and C.118 (c) (i) State the meaning of rusting.

my 45 30 15 45 30 15 time taken : .afterschool. A student is carries out an experiment to study the relationship between concentrations of hydrochloric acid with the rate of reaction. 0. Five magnesium ribbons were cut out and rubbed by using sand paper.3 moldm-3 0.2 moldm-3 time taken : .________ s 0.5 moldm-3 time taken : .1 moldm-3 and the stop watch was started immediately.5 moldm-3 hydrochloric acid. Diagram below shows the time taken for the magnesium ribbon to dissolve completely.SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 119 Chemistry Paper 3 Answer all questions [4541/3] 1.________ s 60 60 45 30 15 45 30 15 time taken : . 60 60 JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.3 moldm-3.4 moldm-3.1 moldm-3 0.1 moldm-3 of hydrochloric acid with 0. and 0. Time taken for the magnesium dissolve was recorded. 0.________ s 60 45 30 15 0. The experiment was repeated by replacing 0.________ s 0.4 moldm-3 time taken : . 5 cm of magnesium ribbon was added into 50 cm3 of hydrochloric acid 0.________ s .2 moldm-3.

[3 marks] (c) Write the chemical equation between magnesium ribbon and hydrochloric acid. (g) (h) If the experiment is repeated by replacing 50 cm3 of 0. _____________________________________________________________________ (d) State the hypothesis for this experiment. predict for the time taken for 5 cm of magnesium ribbon to dissolve completely.1 moldm-3 hydrochloric acid with 50 cm3 of 0. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [3 marks] [3 marks] JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.1 moldm-3 sulphuric acid. explain how the concentration of hydrochloric acid affects the rate of reaction.my [3 marks] (e) State the: (i) Manipulated variable : __________________________________________________ (ii) Responding variable : __________________________________________________ (iii) Constant variable : __________________________________________________ [3 marks] [3 marks] (f) Plot the graph concentration of hydrochloric acid against 1/time.120 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 (a) Record the time taken for the magnesium ribbon to dissolve completely. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [3 marks] Using collision theory. (b) Construct the table to record the time taken and 1/time for the each experiment.afterschool. Explain why. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [3 marks] .

1 moldm-3 of hydrochloric acid 0. Classify these all acid into strong acids and weak acids.my [3 marks] Pure copper can be bent easily. JAWAPAN boleh didapati di laman web www.afterschool.1 moldm-3 of ethanoic acid pH values 2 5 121 Explain why the pH values between these two acids are different. Acid 0. Referring the statement above. Your answer should consist of the following: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Problem statement Hypothesis All the variables List of substances and apparatus Procedures Tabulation of data. plan an experiment in the lab to investigate the effect of alloying towards the hardness of pure metal than it alloy. [17 marks] END OF QUESTION PAPER . nitric acid and citric acid. but bronze are very hard and cannot be bent easily 2.SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2011 (i) Diagram below shows the pH values for several acids with difference concentration. ethanoic acid. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [3 marks] (j) You are given hydrochloric acid. sulphuric acid.

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