e÷:.

±e :
e , =±:¬e-e
_±-:=~.,÷
=e´± ¬÷ _
. e _e÷ ±e e-
=±.e÷ -- ¿
q - ee:± ~- ±
~.~:ceq_e:.e ¸. .q.~¸:.e.e
e e, .e:c q, ~ ,_e ¸¸.
.e : .e :
.e : .e : .e :
c| e:ee _ e_ ee e c .e c| e:ee _ e_ ee e c .e c| e:ee _ e_ ee e c .e c| e:ee _ e_ ee e c .e c| e:ee _ e_ ee e c .e
e, ..e.:. e¸ c .._ e. e _ . ¸ ~ e, ..e.:. e¸ c .._ e. e _ . ¸ ~ e, ..e.:. e¸ c .._ e. e _ . ¸ ~ e, ..e.:. e¸ c .._ e. e _ . ¸ ~ e, ..e.:. e¸ c .._ e. e _ . ¸ ~
.e .e e o ~ q: ee . e.. .e .e e o ~ q: ee . e.. .e .e e o ~ q: ee . e.. .e .e e o ~ q: ee . e.. .e .e e o ~ q: ee . e..
.e ¸_ c:..ee e:.e.~¸ .~¸ , .e ¸_ c:..ee e:.e.~¸ .~¸ , .e ¸_ c:..ee e:.e.~¸ .~¸ , .e ¸_ c:..ee e:.e.~¸ .~¸ , .e ¸_ c:..ee e:.e.~¸ .~¸ ,
c| ce e , _ e c|e , ~_ ee c| ce e , _ e c|e , ~_ ee c| ce e , _ e c|e , ~_ ee c| ce e , _ e c|e , ~_ ee c| ce e , _ e c|e , ~_ ee
c|~ee e e:ee . .e' c|~ee e e:ee . .e' c|~ee e e:ee . .e' c|~ee e e:ee . .e' c|~ee e e:ee . .e'
..|c .~ .~¸ : _ c|..: .q: ..|c .~ .~¸ : _ c|..: .q: ..|c .~ .~¸ : _ c|..: .q: ..|c .~ .~¸ : _ c|..: .q: ..|c .~ .~¸ : _ c|..: .q:
e. e e|e_ .. . e. e e|e_ .. . e. e e|e_ .. . e. e e|e_ .. . e. e e|e_ .. .
e~ . . · , .. c e~ . . · , .. c e~ . . · , .. c e~ . . · , .. c e~ . . · , .. c
-¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ , .. . -¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ , .. .
-¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ , .. . -¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ , .. . -¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ , .. .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸ ¸¸ ¸¸
.q:~.e: .ce¸:.
e e·ec .~ e_:q ¸..·:
~ ~ce~e~ .¸.._.
.¸.ee.ee ~._.~_.eee. .q:~ .:.e.e~e~
.q:~ e_~ . ~._~:c. ._e:e q: .e _~ .e: o:.e ee.
·:._~:c . . .e: e_:. e: ~q:q:q:~ , _~_
e:. e_:~._~:c .._e:ee. qc .~ _e,_e . e_:~
_~_qe:..e: ,_.,_..~.:._e. _e..e: ~e~e
~ ._. e_:~._~:c .~ ~. .e . e|ee. e._e:c · ..
, ,, ,, e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
.|.eee .ce¸:.e ~ .ee:qe.. ._e:ee~.|
.e ee . .e: q ee . ~ .|~ ·:. . qc e_:, ee .~
.:qc o:.qee e e ..·:o:.. .e e ..·:o:.~ e_.:.
e·¸.~.e.e: eee·.. _eee:·q:...c~ .e.e:.
e_:q :e . e ~e ~ e· .:eq:..e:e :e|_e ..:.. .e .c,
.e.:~e:e .
.e .c,. e: .e eq:..e: ~ ,:e_.c .. ......
e ~.c e.q:~ ...·.. ~. ~.| . . c e e·.:eq:.
.e ~._ . e _e.e|.:e: .eo:.e ee. ·|q.c|e , c|
.e:ee . . e· .:.e , ~e . ee:. e_:~._~:c .~ ,:
e.e:e_ _~qc ·|q.c|e , c|.e:eq _e . _ee .,.c ee.
. . e e_:~._~:c . ._e:ee . ~._ . ·|q.c|e , c|.e:e
q .,e . ~e ee .
.,:~ee.c~ ~:..,.e.:~e:. ~.|~
~o~ e, .~¸. :..e: ,:e , ec e~· .e._e, .ee . e ee .
ee. ~.~.| ·e..e._e,... eee....qc .q:
~oc .e: ·|q.c|e , c|.e:e~ ~c .. eq· .. . .e:
~. .c e¸:.e .e.e e_:~._~:c. ._e:e ~.|e : ·|q.c|e
, c|.e:e~ ¡ .o ee : e, .c _e . ._e:.¸c ee . . . e:~
~_.:...: e_:q c e¸:.~ .q:._e:e:~ .ce, _~ee . qc
.~ . e| ee . ~e :..o:~ _e_~ee. qc , ..e : . ~ ,:
e| ee. .|...~ , .|, .. _e. ._e:.¸c e|ee.
e_:. e: oo_ . e _~.ee. .e . q:_~., . c .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: , ,, ,,
_ee:.e| . .e . q:_~.~ ·e..:~ ,~.. . ~., ~
,~ee. ~e .ee e: ee e¸¸ .,~ ee. ~e ..,e : ee e¸¸ .
,~ . e ee . ~e .. , ~., e .ee _~ .. :.qc e e ,~ . e ee .
.|._~:c e_:..·:~ ._e:qc .e . q:~ e , . ce .o:~
.. _ee e :._. ._~:~ ee. o o__~ .e:~ .q:
. .¸c e:e|.
_e..e: e._e:. ~._. e_ee·.. ·e~ ee.
._e:_~_' _~e: ~e:¡.~e~e_.~e. ..e~ e_:
.e: ·:.. ._e:_~ .. ... ._~ ...e _~e ~e~ .
..:~ o ~._.. e_:.e e .e~ .:e:. .|.e~ ,e ,:
eqee . ~:.~¸qee. .|._~:c .,~ e~:.. o:...
c|._e:.. e e , ee . .e . eq· ..
e_:. .ce¸:.e .e..~e:, ee _e ¸c ,~ e_:q ¸
..·: .·:c~._~:c.~ .q:..|c.oe: e:. ..e .e'
.e'.:ee. e_: e_:. .:._e:_~e: ~· .e .c|e:
qe : ~,~ ~.e:e~._..~:._ec e.eee e.e.:
, .e.q eee ~_e:..:.e e~:.. ..e q ee.
InIormation .|._ .e_:e. Knowledge .|~._ .
e_:e . .,:~ Intuition _e..e: Learning.e e~:.
~._. q ...ee. ~. e: oe _e. e_:~._~:c .._e:qc
ee|e_ee e e~:.. ..e q ...ee . ¡ee: Philosophy
~.|._. e_:, ee.~e:e. .|.e~:...~.~_,
. .. ... .. :.e . . ._e:e ._. e_:~._~:c . _e_ e e :.
¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
_e,e:e:._. e.
e¡ .~¸.e ~.:e e_:,
ee .~ e .c|e:q.e ~e¸:._~ ., ee.e . _eee :· q:.~
e_:~ ~. ,e .ee .~:c ~...~,~ .e:_e . .e
., .c.ee . e.eq:..e:e: e_:~ oee . ...~ :
.e:. . ~ : e_:. ~ :. _e . .:.,:. .qe e. ~ .e:.
e:q ee. .|~ ,~ ,~, , . ~ _~_ e ~.| .e_e¸qee
e~:.. ..e .e ¸ee . ~.q._~ .. .~.e: .q:e _e, e:~
eo:.e e_:. e e~:.e.
.,:~ _-. e e~:.. . .,:~ c e :. e
e~:.. . .,~ ._e:. .. .~ :. e e~:.. . _e ..e:
.e e. _~...e e~:.q ...ee. ee:,,:. e e~:..
.,:~ ..,. e e~:.. ~ .|.e ~:.. .~ e_:~._~:c .
.. ... .q:e : o_ . c .......q. e ee.
eoe.. ~.,.e·e¸~¸_e. .~e¸:. ,:.._
.~ . ee e~:.,e .q:._e:e| ee. e_:. e: ·:..
e_:. e: . q ¸~q_~... . q ¸e e .~c ee . .
e..qee. e_:q.eee.e: e_:.e ee.~c
qe:e. ~q_~...~ ._e:qqc e¸~e ,:. .~,.:._e.
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: c cc cc
~c.o. eq·.. _-,.: ..cee. .q¸ ee.~c
. e: _- ..·:. e_:~ .~ ~~¸¸ ._e¸e e e .~cq ee.
·e . ~~¸¸ ._e¸e e e .~c ._ .. qc .e· e¸~:._ec _ee
.¸ce:.e ~ _ee.~:c e_ee .¸ce:.e ~ e_ee .~:c e_:
~. ~ .e .e.. c ee. .|~ ~. , _ec e ~,~~. e :e
e .q: q c ._ee|ee . ~ . e: ..·:.e|~ e . ee.
e_:~._~:c.._e:qc e~._. e_: .~._.
e_: _ee.,ee. ~. .e: . ,~ ~· .ee~:.. .._e:qqc
InIormation . e:._.c .~._e:e:.. _.c .. e:~ ·e
.._.c... ·e..,_., .o:.e:.. _~__e. .e:
q ee . _~:._e .. e:q ee . .e¸:.._e:e:~ ee .c . e:
qee. ...: InIormation .e ._.c.._ ~:e..¸~
.e eq · .. .¸e : e. e.. e , ~, e q .¸c eq ee.
..e:.. ~ e:e . ~ee.e: e e .¸c e ee
ee. eeee:~._. eee:~_ee ..¸c..,ee . .|e
ee e ee c~ee e¸~ ~e , ~ ._. ~_e_ ~e ~e , .
..¸c.ee. .|._~:c ...ee~:..eqee eee.:..
DisinIormation e MisinIormation e . .|~ . .:.~
InIormation .e ~..e._.c. ..e~ ~e,. e.:.
.~:c .e_.c.~:._ec _-_~.e.e~ _-,_.e
..e ~ ~e:.. qee . . ~ ~.~:c .._ .q ee . ~. .
._ .q ee . ~e , ._ . _ee . c ee . ~e :.._ . _ee . c ee .
~:e. .¸~ eq · ..
¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
Knowledge
Knowledge . e:~
.~ ~e,eq:.·~~ ,_.
,_. ~eee. ~.. ._.c.e¸¸.~ ..'ee. ,_~__.c.
.. .:_.c . ee:.e .e'e :qq e ~.¸~ ~.~ ~e ~.c.~
Knowledge ...'ee. ee.e_. eee·.. ~. ~e
~.c.e:ec qe e.,· ~ .. e..:c.qq e ~.¸~ ~.~
.e .e'e: e__e ..e: e¡.e:._e. .~:~.¸~ee ..·:
.e ~ Knowledge . ..'e:.
~ e e .ee .q :.e o:.e .e ~e .e| . .|.eee ~.
. e ~e ~e ~.,_e ..e: e¡ .e:..e ...'_e . .~:~ .¸~ e e
..·:e. ..·:.e: _-~e. e.:..e, .:.~c.
qe:e¸¸. eee·.. ~·.e. idea . ..'ee. e..e
_~ .~ ~.. ..'ee. ~e e e|e . _-~e .
.,:~ee .| ., . _e. ..·:.e|~ , ec e~·
,:.._ e:e¸¸ . . e c .,:.e._· . ,:.._ e ~.c .q:~
e ~. e¸¸ .~ e Knowledge . ..'e:. .,:~ Knowl-
edge . e e~:.e: ,:.._ e e~:.qe ~,~~.e :e
e|.,ee .
.,:~ e~:.ee. Learning . e: e¸:...:~:._ec
Learning ~ .c e._. ._e:.,_~ee . . ¸~,~
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: · ·· ··
~. e :e ~.e: .. .:._ec qq ..:. ,:.._ e . e¸:...:
~:._ec .e: philosopy e ·:.:e~:.e ee ,eee
.e~ .,:.._e ...:e~ Learning ...'e:.
knowledge , Learning , ~ee · .. .c e:. .|.eee
knowledge ~ e ~¸e c, .ee. e ._. e~¸.¸c ee .
.,:~ Intuition . e:~ . e~: . e ~. .
,_.ee. .._. .e:e. .|.eee ·e. ~.e¸¸.~
..'e:...e: ,~,...,~_e. ~e¸:.e~: .e~:
e. . c _-ee . ce e_:e¸¸ .~ ..'e:. e|_ e~:.~¸.e:
qee. _-c.ee. .~ .~....,~ee. ~.e
e~ e. . ce ..·:.e ~.|.e q ee.
~. .e: ¡ee:.e|.e:. ...ee: ._e:_~e:
qee. .ec..e: Relativity ~ _~:.e ..,_~e: ._e:
.,_~e:. e~e,:.._..:.. .e..e: e.·.. .|~
~ c .ee c .e . e· ¸.e¸¸ .e .. c ee. .e~: ~~ , e. ~
.c·.. ...·:.e q.,ee.
.,:~ .|.e~~, . ., .~. c e ~~¸e~c,.
. . e~:.~ wisdom. wisdom ~ e_:'. .q:..'qe:~
e|_ e~:. e_:~ ~· . e·:.:_e, e .q:.e ~ wis-
dom. _e, _~e: q . e . .~.e: .:e,.e ... ee e
·.. .:e, .e ~e ~e ... eee·.. . ~ ~¸e _e, e
.,:.._e ~.e'e : ~._.. _e . ~.c _ec e . ._eee e .e
,:.._e ~ ..'ee. . .,q:e : e_:q ¸ ~. .... e|.:
¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
ee . ~,~ ~.e :e .... ee . ,:.._ , ec e~· ..
ee . ,:.._ e ~.e'e : ~._.. _e . .._ . ._eee e .e
q .:ee. _e ..e: .q.q._._ ee ee,e ,e .o:c
.e.e ~., ,:.._.:ee . .|e¸¸.e wisdom...'ee.
~·.e..e: wisdom ~ ~,~_e,e ~.|e:
¸wisdom implies superior judgement and under-
standing based on broad knowledge , wisdom ._
.:e, . , ee e ..e . e ~ c ._e:. .e ..e:_~.e
.,q:.ee : .q¸..:c .q ¸q~ _e¸. c e ..·:e¸¸ . o, ..e .
.ce ..·:e¸¸..
e|_..e: e_:ee·e.e e~:.qee. ~qe:
. ·: ~q c _ee .e q ¸ e e e : e_:._ .q ¸~ ~_e . :.ee
. ·q:...c ~e.e:_ee_~.~ .e:ee. ..:e,
.e ~ e_~:.-e_:.q ¸e..:c · e_:e ee e|.~_.:...:
~q:.e~ .q¸..:ce~e~ ..:~_~.e: ce.,_ .eq:
.e ._~~eq:.e ~e¸:._~. _ee.:ee.
.|._~:ce._. e_:.e: .,ece~.e:·..
.q ¸ ~:e~ ce~ e.,:~.e ~ o, .. e ._~e ee _e .
.q ¸..:c _e¸_ec .e.e ..·:q ee ..~:c ...:~. e :e .e
~e¸:._~.cc .,ee . .e· e¸ . ..·:e¸¸ . ,:.._ o:.
qee .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: .c .c .c .c .c
e_:.ee~:. ·e
~ .:... qc ee:,,:
. e e~:.~.:ee. .e .~ e e_:, ee .~.:qc
_eee :· q:.~ ee:,:e. e e~:.~ . .ee . ¡ee:
, e :, e· e . ~ .q:~ e ~e ~ ee ._~:c .e_ ...: .e .
ee . e_...:e:¡ . c ...,_e¸_e . _eee :· q:..e:e
ee:.ee_:,.e .e:_~.e: ee:,:e.e e~:.~
~oeoe..e: .e¸qee.
¡ee: ..¸:~ qc ..¸:~ee . .e|. o c qc o c
ee . .e|. ~. e : _eee :· q:.~ . ' . e e~:.~
ee:,:e. . .ee. ·:._~:c...e: ._.c ...·:~
._e:e e|_e~:..e ~e¸:._~.qee. ee:,:e~.e:
~_ec . .e . ..¸:~qc..¸:~ee. e_:, .e|. .|._~:c
e ee:,:e . .e:ee. ~._~:c .e . .. :.e: ee e · ..
_eee :· q:.~ . e|' . e: ~e¸:.~:._ec . e| ......
,~,~ . e| ~e~ e~~ .o:c e .~:c .e| o .oc ._e .
. e|. e ..·:.e e|ee . _e, e:. ·:.:_e, e ,_ .,_ .
.~ee .
e_:.ee~:.~._. _ee_:.e e~:.~ .c.
.~ .:e:. ~e e e|e . ~ . . _ee_:~ .c ..~ .:e:.
.. .. .. .. .. e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
e_:, . e.,e e~:.ee . .q ee. _-. _-. e:
._ . . _.c .e . e|_ e :.e: _-~ . _.c . e_:.ee.~
. ~,~~. e :e .e.ee . e_:~._~:c .._e:qc _-
~._~:c.e|_e. _-~._~:c.._e:qc e_:~._~:c. e|
ee. ~,~ ~. e:e ~:._ec .e: e e:e¸:.ee . .. |,_ .
~q ~ ~ _e:._e:. . ..:.e:e qee.
¡ee:. e|.e: e· _- e . _- . e e~:..e
_~:.e.e :.e|. _- . e .,q:e : e· e_: e .e_:. ._ .
. .ee. ..e e.:ee_- .e:ee_- ..:e:ee
_- ·:c,:ee_-. . ... e .:eee_: .e:ee
e_: ..:e:eee_: ·:c,:eee_:. ._. . .ee.
~.¸¸ ¸.,q:.e e : ~_e, ~. , ~e ee:. .. qe:.e q ee .
.|._~:c._. e_:q~ ~e¸¸.e¸¸...'_~ee. .
~e¸:._~:.e.e:~ e_:q~ e_e.e _~:.e._~ee.
.e.|c . e:._. q ee. .e.|c ~._. e_:q ~ e ._e:
e:. ·:._~:c . . .e: .e.. e:~._ . e_:~ e ._e:
e:. ~..e c_¸~._. e_:q...'e:e. ~c .e:
._ . e_:q . ~ . . e _- . e e_:q ._ . q ee . e~:.
...e ~ ee . , ee. .~ .e.,e ..·:.e .
ee .| e_:~._~:c .._e:. q qc ee|qc e_ee e_:,
.~.eo:.e e~:.ee.. q...ee. ce:. ce:~
e|_ ~· .:, e : ~,~ .e.e:~ ~ee e_:e ~· _¡ e
..c ~¸e.e e.:, e ~q e_-e . e~:.ee . .e_.e :
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: .¸ .¸ .¸ .¸ .¸
~. e :e ~ e:.e ~e¸:._~.q ee . ~·. e . .e: c e:~
knowledge e learning e schorlarship e science
e wisdom e skill e ~. . .e.e:.e q _~ee.
.e:e_~:eq:..e:_~.e: e_:. .q:~.:.e
~._~:c . ._e:e ~.|e : e~ ¸¡.e|. _-¡.e|. e_:¡.
e|. c e :¡.|e|. ~:..:.~:¡.e|.. e e~:..e . .
ee . ¡.e|. . e: oc q :.e:~ ._e:e:. q c .q c ..c ..c .
_ee _ee .:..:._ee . :.e: ¡.e|. . . .,q:e : e_:c e :. e
e~:.. .ee . ~ . e : ~ , .ce .,e ..·:.e ~ q c ..:
q c .ee . qc .e: ~¸e .ee ~¸e . _ee . :.. e ee . ~~¸e e.¸ ¸
.e:·..,:. e_e ....e¸:.~.e:·q:..e:~¸e..e
.q:.e: ~q c _ee_~ ..e .e:_~:.. e ~¸e ..e ~ .~
.~ ee, e|. . . ..:~e e :.¸c ee .
~.e: .e~.q._~.e
e~:.~ .~:. . ~ :~ _e,
e:. .e: .c e _.c . _e_ ~¸c_.c . ~ .. ,:.._ee .
., ., ., ., ., e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
_e..e: ~¸cce ~~¸c ~·.:, .e e : . . e .e.ee .
~· . e ~¸.e: .~:~ learning e study e training
e . . . ·:.:_e, .e.ee. .|.eee .q: .e:.e:~
._e:e ~oe : _eee :· q:..:.,:~ e c ._.:.e ~.|e : .
... ~ : .e:. . ~ : e_:. ~ :. _e. e c ._.:.o:.ee.
. .e|.e. .~ ~. , _ec _ee ,~, e|ee . ~_ec . .~.e:
e_:. ~ :~ ~_ec . .e .
.ce¸:.e ~¸,.e:e q..e.e:.,e .q:.e:
~q c _ee _~ ..e ~ . ~:. .e|., _e_ e e e · ¸. .e .¸_ .e.
..e|...: . ~:, _e_ .~:c _e_ ._._~¸.e:..,_~ee.
..~ :~._ . e_:, ~., ee.~.,ee. ~.|._~:c
e_:.~:_~.e: .:e,~¸ccee~.e:·.. e_:~
_e_ _e_ ccq.~:c .e . ~e ~¸c ce _ee .,ee . ee,_ .
~:._ec ~.. c ~~¸c ._ . _.:._eq.
.e . ~..e e_:' . ._e:e c.._e:e c . .q:
.e ·cce~¸e·.. ._.c..c~¸c_.c. ee,_. .e¡,
~¸c e¡ ._ e_.:.e . ._e:._e:.,_~e: q ee. e . ~. .
~ee :.e: .e¡ , ~¸c e¡ e .,ee .
e_:~ee ._ . ee . . ._ .-_ ee qe :~ ee
ee . . ~ .q:~ qee .,q:~ ee .|e_ ..q:~ .:.ee.
_e ..e: e :.qee ~q:~ e :.. :.ee . e_:ee . e_ .~.,
~e.... .eee. . ee .~ e:. o...e|.e.
~ . . ..'ee . _e ..e: .e:...e|.eq:.~ ._e:e ~.|e :
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ., ., ., ., .,
. . ee_e ¸c,~ _e.e ~ e ~ ~¸,.e: e c e.,: .q:.e:
_~..e~ ·e...:ce..e....e: .e:....¸~
ee_e¸c,~ ~,~ ·e. o~.,_.'e.
.e:...e|.~ e¸~ .e :~ _e¸. ~ e .-e : . ,~
._e:e .e:...e|.e: ee_e¸c,~ _e ..:.ee. ~.,. q
.~e e:.ee|. .~o.e:c ._e:e .e: eq_ q e e|· ..
.¸q¸...,~ e .~ .,, e_e.·.. eqe·..e: ._e:e:.
e_:eee e_ ._ . ._ .-e : ee .ce:ee
q.c e: . ~ .c e:~ q_e ..:. . ~ _e ..:._ee _e ..e:
oqo:...:~q:~ e:._ee.~:c ._ . e:..,qee. .~e
e: e_:q ¸~ e ...qe ' . e: . .e: .e:e¸:.e¸:.~ .e
.e_~ee. ~.~e~._. e_~:.- ._.c., ~~¸c
.e, e:q e ~.|.e ~ e_.:.e _ee..e:c .e:c q ee.
_ee..e:c.e:c.._e:e~._~:c.~ ~.,:~
. c c ~ e_:q .e e :._ . e . ..:~ oc oc q :.q :. e. .
e._e:.eee . _.c ., ~~¸c .~ . e .,e , . ,:.._ _~ee .
. .e: .|~ .c e¸:.e ..¸c e e_:q ¸..·:.e
e_: ~._~:c.~ .q: .e·e¸e~:....e, ._e:_e
e:e|e.
e_: ·e. q...
e_: ·e . q..
.¸ .¸ .¸ .¸ .¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
. e e~:.. ..e ~ ._e:. ~ e:, ee _e ¸c ,~ Education
. e e~:...e: o ~ .:ee. Education~~. ..e
~ .:e, ~:._ec .e: e_:.q.. ..'.,_~ee. Edu-
cation ~ e_:.q.. ..'e ¡e :~ . ..¸: .c _ee e .,q:
e : ...¸: .c _ee .eee ~. e :e q:. c . , . .cc e_e_ c
·.. ~ .|...~ .e: ,_ .,_ . ~~¸e._e:.¸c ee .
Education .e e~:.~ ·:~._e:e:..e:
e_:qq .~:c _e¸.e ..: _~ ¸.ee .~:.oee .| Educa-
tion .,:~ ee .| .e· e¸~.e: e_:q.~:c _~ ¸.ee.~:.
o e .,e .,q:e : . e e c .e|.:ee .e_:q.~:c ~:.o e e
.qe . o .~ e_:q.~:c ~e~ .c _~:..e.e e · ¸.
qe .e e c .e|ee . . e · ¸. ._ ee ¡ .ee .e:~_ee .¸c
_ee ee ~e ¸~e_._ee .¸c _ee ee . c c .e: _ee .¸c_ee ee.
.,:~ Education .e e~:.~ ...qqc ..¡.e..~
o_ e¡ .e:.qee.
ee,_.~:._ec Education ~ ~e¸:.,:.._ .~:c
._e:qqc .,:..__.c.~.c ' . ..'qc.~:c.ee. ~.c
..e: ~.~.~ ..·:...q ee. , e q:~ _ec q:~
ee ..·:._ . e|ee. .~ . e .,e ..·:._ .
e|ee . _e ..e: ~.c. e:~ ~_ee ..·:e¸¸.. e .e~
_ee o, ._.c .. e ~,~~. e :eq ee.
Education ~ The process oI developing and
training oI knowledge etc.. . ~· . e . ~. e:e
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: .c .c .c .c .c
ec.ee. .e: process . e: ~e¡ ..·:~ ._e:e:.
·:~e¡ . developing ee ¸_e ¸....e:~ e ¸_e ¸..~:c
.e e:. e ¸_e ¸.e eq ...e:~ e ¸_e ¸.e q .~:c . e e:. ~ .|
Education.
ee.| eq ...e:~ q .:.~:c .. ~¸c .e.e:.
developing , tranining ..·:e¸¸.~ Education . ..'
e:. ·:.e ~ develop ·:.e ~ training .e.e...
. .e: knowledge ~eq e . ee .e~ e,e e~¸ .c .e.
_.c. .c e_.c . ~.|~ Education ...'ee.
~. developing, training .e e~:., e~ _e:...
_ee.,e: school .e e~:.. _e,e:. .~¸:c.'. ~.
.~¸:c.. e:~ ._. ..e .e: .e: e¸:.e¸:.~ ~. e :e
.~:~ e:..,e ~e ~ ~. .~. , ..e:c e ..·:e.e|~
·. _ee .,ee .
school
~.,:~ . c c _~..ee :.
qc e~. . ~.e: e~ . .
e .e| . ~.e~ . ._~ .~ . _.:.. ~ qc .~:~ e : e_:qe
.e .e..,e _:,.e q ee . ~ . e~ . . _~ ..e e: e_:
.e.e _:,_~..e~ school .e ..'ee. London
.¸ .¸ .¸ .¸ .¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
school oI Economic. ~..e:.e~.qc.e: Graduate
School, Under-graduate School. School .e e~:.
..~ e~ . .~.c e : · - ..qq e :, . ._~ee.
School . e e.e~:.~ ..|ee~:. School .e
e~:.~ .c..~ee. School . e e~:.~ leisure . e
~.e:eqee. .| e.~e.e|. .,:~ ~:..q¸..¸:e
~.| ~:..ee~ ~...¸_.c.~ Schole ...'e:. .,:~
~.. ~:..ee~ ~...¸_.c._e¸.,e.,q:~ Schole
...'ee.
.. e:~ e_:~ q.~:c .ee . qc ~:..e .¸,
. e: q qee . . . e:~ e:.ce .,.q. . .ee..,q.e:
e~:..e_ee.,qc e_:, .c..:.eeee. e_:~e~
.~ .~~.¸ , ....e._e . .e._e, ._.c . .. ... ._.c . e¡ .e:.
_.c. .e..e:_.c. e.ee._.c. ee..e_.c. ~.|.e~
.eqee. e_:..¸ce ..ee: ~:..ee~.¸,e:
~qe e eee e..e e . ~.q.e .e e · ¸..e . . :.
_~ . e .e:e:._e:e:.e ,:..o:c _~ eq c .e:q qc
.e._~ e.~¸,e e:.e ~, ~ ~ _~ _cc ._~. , _~ . ..·:e
Schole .e:.
~.|~ e . _ee e :.e:e .e:.e:~ .q:._e:e
~:.., .e.c,: .e .:~e :, e¡ e¡. e:.e|. ~.|~:.
..¸: e: eq:..e: ~ .. ... ..e._e, ._.c .e: Schole ,
..·:.¸c..:e.,ee. ..e: Schole .e e~:.e:
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: .· .· .· .· .·
·-ecee|·.. .e.e: _ee_ee.... ......e:.e:.~
. ._ee:e|.
e.¸¸ ¸~ .~:.e . . .ee . e.¸¸¸~ Faculty .
. .ee . .|.eee School . e . ..,e .,q:.e ~e¸:._~ .
q e|ee. ~:..e .¸ , e : . .e._ ee e e:. e .,ee
~e:. e_:qq:q._~:c .~e ~ . .e:~ Schole ...'
e:. .|~ ~:..q ¸..¸:.e: . . . e e .,q:~ School
.~¸:c .' . ..'e:.
.,:c ~:..q ¸..¸:.e: ~:..e .¸ , e ee e · ..
ce e¡ ~....e ~ ~. e eq · .. ~. e eq .e: ~ . ~. ¸, e :
.:._~ ~ .e:e_:.e~ e,ee~¸.ce_~ .|~ School
. ..'qee. . ,~._e:e ~e :e~ . . _~..ee :
e~. . ~.c e :~ . . .e ¸. .e._e, ._.c . e._ _e¸e e:
School ...'ee. ~.| Education ~ School ~.,
qe:.
~:..e .¸ , e : e_:q :_.c .e: . e ~.q._~.ee.
.c e¸:.e . e ~e c . .q...ee,.~ .~¸:c..ee : .~¸:c .
e e.e.e: q ee. ·:_ee . . ~ .| .e .-,:.e:.
_e, _e ..~¸:c .e c e ~.|~¸.e: ., .., ._~_ .c _e ..:ee .
~:..e .¸ , e: e_:.q.e : ~.q._~.ee .
.~¸:c ..:..e ~e~ ~:..e .¸ ,e: ~.q._~ .e
~ e ee qe _ee.:ee . e~ . ..ee : e_:.c e: _~_
e|.:. .c. ~ qe. ~ ~e, .._e:c ..c. ~ ~. ..·:
.¡ .¡ .¡ .¡ .¡ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
....eqee. .| ~:..e.¸,q¸ ~.q._~.e~ ._e:e:
_ee ee.
.,:~~:..e .¸ ,e : e_:qq:,q._~:c . ·e . .~
.e ...qc eee_:..·:~q ~e¸:._~.._e:eq: q
ee . o:.. ~ e|.e:. ~e .¸¸e ~.e: .qe . _ee .:
. q qc e_:qe ~e~ e_:.q.~e¡ q qee. . e_:.q.
~e¡~ e,e e~¸ School . ..'e .~¸:c ..ee : .e .e.
ee . e_:.c e. , e_:.c .e.. . _e. q .:ee.
ee.| e_:.c e., e_:.c .e.. _~:.o e :
......_.c. .e._e,._.c. .e:.~e~ _.c. .|.e q .:ee.
.|.e ~.q._~ .ee . ~ .|.e eq ·, e_:ee e_:e ,
eq. c· ..
~. e : School ~.,_e ..e: ~.c _ec e e_:.e
.c.e.e e~...e University .e .e'.:ee.
.q .e , .~.e: University e..'...· .. e..e e ·e e :
.c...qc .e:~eoe: .:e:.ee .,q:e:.c
ee . .,q:...e: .:.:e:e:q c q c ., .., . . e . e
.e.e qee.
~¸, .e:e ~.q ¸e c .e:.e: ·:q ... qc e_:
.c .¸c qc ..:e|.e:~ . . :.qee e . e|.e:~ ee ,_ .
e|.e:.~:. e ~. e :e~ oc q :._ec _ee _.c .. ~.e :e
qee . . . e:~ ·e .,q:e :·e e · ¸. ._ e_:~q:_
ocq:.ee.qc .¸..:._~qee. ..:.e: ~qe'.
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c
~qeq e e¸~. :. .e : ocq :..~¸: _~:.e . .:e|.e:~.
.:._~qee.
.,:~ ~. e.e c .e : e~. .:' . e .,q: q
ee . ~ .e :.e: ~.q ¸~.,:~~ e_:.e: .e: e e q
ee. e~..:~., e~.._ee.:e:.
~. o ._. .~e¡ ~.:~ ~¸,.e: e e : q .,e , .
e. e_:.cee.qc e....e~_~_e. ee.qee~~
.:._~_e. ee.qe.q:.e:·q:._~. qee. _c|e~e
~¸.e: e.~ ¸~ .:._~_e. e.~ ¸e:._. .q:.e:·q:.
_~ .q ee. .,:~ ~eqe q~ .:._~ee. ~qc e,~:
·c.qee. .,:~ ec.~,..:._~ee. ee_~.q:
.e: ·q:._~. q ee. oc q :..~¸:_~:.e e · ¸._ee.e
q q:~ e_:.e: .c . :._~qee .
University .e .e'.:e:._ . . ~e¡ ~.: .e e .
~e~.e: University ~ University . e..'· ..
Studium Generale . ..ee Studium . e: Edu-
cation ~._e:e:. .| .~ece~:.. Studium General
.e: Education For All . ~.e:e qee. .e
o:.eq: ..o:.e:.,:. Education For All . ~:...
~e ~ e_:.q. .e, .e:.e. · e_:. .¸c . e , .e¸~
.._~¸.e¸e~e ..·:e|ee.
. .:e|.e:~ .q:.q ¸.q:~ qc ec .e¸¸ .e - :.e¸¸ . ·:e
e. .e:·.. e,.ee_:.cqee. e_:o..¸,.e,qc
¸. ¸. ¸. ¸. ¸. e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
.:e,~e¸¸.~._. ec.e¸¸.. e-:e¸¸.q¸ ~o~e: qee.
.q:.~.o:~ .~¸:c ..:._~ .~_ee , .,q:.e.. qee .
. .,q:e: ·:cc .:... qc . e .e e ..·:.e e|.:
ee . c|~ ec .e¸¸ . e - :.e¸¸.. _e ..e: e_:,eee e:
.:._e ..e: ~.e'e .e. eq· .. e_:,eee e : ~.e'e .
..¸c qc .e¸:.o~.e:qee . eeqee. .q:~._ .
.e¸¸ .e.q .· .e: e eee . e .~ .o:~., ee.
¡.q:ee: e~...e~ ee.ec·¸c,qe¸.,
. e ~..'~.c', e. e:. Studium Generale q ¸ ~:ee ¸
e_ .e e : ~e e ~e c ._~ .. e e c .e|ee . eee c .~ Univer-
sitas Ma-gisterium . ..'ee . e , e:e e~ ¸e,. e e~:.
~ . .,q:e: guild . ~. e :eq ee. .·:ce. e¸:.q ¸
~e~e ¸. ~. e :eqee. ~¸, eee c .~ Universitas
Scholarium . ..'ee. e.~: .:q ec. e:~ ee_
.ce.. ~.e :eqee. .q:~e ee_~e ee,_ .
.c .e.. ~e , .c e . ~e . e .·:c~e . e . . ee . ec
.e e~:.~._. Studere .e e~:.~ .c. .~.:
ee. A busying oneselI about a thing . ~.e:e
q ee. e e~ e ~ ee e ee q:~e _ ~.e e¸:..,.e_.c ..
·:.:_e, qee . ee .:...:~ ee . .q:~ .c.e.ee:
ee_ ~.c ee e : ~.e e¸:..,ee .·c_e¸.,ee.
~¸, .e: ~e .¸¸ ._e ..e: ¡.q:ee~ . . .e c .~
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸
._e:qqc e .~ e_:. .¸c. e~ e_:.c.e.. c ..e .
e .c..q:~ .:e:e. .c e¸:.e¡ .e:._~_ . . .e|c .e e .
.c.q. .¸e ..:. .q:~ .:ee. .e e..e .q:~.:
ee . ~ . ~.|e : e:.ce.,.q. ~.~~. .e q .:ee.
. _. ¸.q.~.~~. .e q .:ee. . ee .eqe:.e ~ e_.:.
_e¸¸ e_.:.q :.e~ .:e ~.| .... .e ~ ·:.e.
. .e: ·:.:.q.· - .~ e .e ~e¸:._~ . _ee .,ee . ¡ee:
.e|.e: ·¸¸..e~ e_:.e:.e:e~_~ee. ~.·¸¸.
.e ~ .qe e:, ,e ee e :.:e:.c .e._~ee . . . e ..¸ :
e Astronomy ¸,~e.e.,e e_:.e~¸.e: e e.c
.e ~ .e: ee. .qe e:, .e .,e .,q:e: .:.c .e.
_~ee .
~.e :e~ e_:,e eee : . e.e e :. :._.c .
.,_.c. ~ .., ._.c. .~ . e _.c. .e:c .. _.c ...·:.e
q ee. . .e: e_:o, .~:.q: ~qe .e e : .... .e ~
..·:o:. _~ .qc _~ . e_~ .qc _e.,:.e _ee ee ee.
~ .~.|e : e e .~:c ..ee,: q e ..e ~ . . .e ~ ~
_e e_:e.¸c. e_:.e..¸c..e~ ~_.¸cee
.o:~e .¸c e ~e~ ..:cq ~.e.e .e q .:ee.
¡ee: e¸.ee _~. qc ·qc .e ee qe,.ec._~. .e
ee .e ~.,_e..e: e_:q :.,e .,q:_~ .ee . ~ . e .e
e .e.. ~ee . .e:c .q :~ e ._ . .e.ee . ~. e : .q:~
.:e e_:q :. e_:.e... .e~ e.. :~ e~ _~e|,
¸, ¸, ¸, ¸, ¸, e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
~.q:e e.e._~e|, .e| . . _.¸. e.e _e . e.e:c e
e._~:c _~qe ee e, qe ~qe . . ,e ,:~e c .e e.¸¸ ¸q c · qc
.e ~ . ~ . e _~ee .
e_:. e: ~:..e.o ~ ee.e| . .,:~ e e qe, .
ec._~.~eec~._. ~:..e.e:.eqee. .|._~:c
q c ·qc .e q ¸ .ee,:.c .e.e, e~ .._ee .:e:_~:
.e: Charter .¸:e:qee . ..'ee. e e qe, .ec ._~.q ¸
.ee,:. c .e.e , e~ . . _ee .:e:~¸.e: Bull qee .
..'ee. ~·., ~ .~:~ee e ~c .·qe .¸ e ¸ .¸:e:
e~...e.
.|._~:c ~e :e :e~ . . _~_ . ~ qc e.e:c ee
e._~:c e_~ e_:.c e.,q:.....·:~ e.:ee .
.|e q cq c ., ..,. e~e~ _~_~ e_:~ q :. c e:. e .ee .
. c e:e|. .|e ..e'.e|~ .:e e~ . . .e q ¸~._.. .e .
~.~ ~:._ec.e:
e_:..¸ce.qe e_:.e.
.¸c e . qe o . e e|.~ .. |e . qe ~ _ e . qe . ..·:
e q ee . ~:..q ¸..¸:.e: e_:q ¸~._~:c . e . .:ee .
e_:._ ~., ~.q._~ .ee . . ee ¡.~e~.q: .¸
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸, ¸, ¸, ¸, ¸,
~e¸~e_.~e~.q: . ccec._e_~e ~.q: ~.q.
_~ .ee . e: ..:ee . ~ . . . .:e ~.|e: e_:.q.
e,e ..·:.e eec .e'.e'.:ee.
. ,._e:e ~e c .e . e_:~ .. |e . .e .e'.:_e
~:..e.~:.._e :~ _e¸_~ee . ~¸, .e: e ~.q ¸e c.e:
._ . .|.e ~e¸:._~ .q e|ee. ~o .._ec _e, e: .e c.~
_e,_~_ qc e_:~ ·qc .e ~:..e.e ~.o:~~o:.
.e ~e¸:._~. q ee. ~ee c .~.e: ·:.:.q.. cq:
e_:.q. ~ e,e:.e| . .,:~e e :.,e:..:.e:.
.e ¡.q:ee :._ . · qc .e ~ e_:.q.~ ~:..e.
e .:.~.e ~e¸:._~.q ee . ~oc q :.. .~.e: q :..
e , .·qc _~ .e. q :..e , .· qc _~ ..~ o~e : e c .._e_
.:..e e_:.c . c e e,ee~¸_~ ¸.ee .. e e eee ..e
.:..e¸qee .
.|.eee National Education System . ..'. ce
~e¸¸ ..:.e_:.q.e,e .e'.:e:~ . e e_~:...· .. eq
e_ee. .e'.:e:. ~e¸¸..:.e_:.q.e,e.e: q~e
ee. q o ~ ee. .e'o ~. .e'e:. .~e¸¸ ..:.e_:.q.
e,e ~ ·e ~.¸ , ~e ·e e : .e'.:.. .e: eqe q :.
. cc ~ . e , .~ ·¸:e- qe . _ee e.:...· .. eqe q :.. c c
e : eq~ .qe c .¸ .~ o~ .¸.¸ ..ee: ~....e q ¸ e_:
.q.~ . c c .e: ~ e, ·, e ~ .:. ee.
.,:~ ee:eq~ .qe . ..'e eq~ .qe . qc ee .q.
¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
e: . ·e..:~~¸e.~¸cee.e:.: ._~e:. e_:
.q.e : .·e..:~ .e . :.... e: e._~· .. .e:
.e: ~ .e .:.. ee. . eq~ .qe ~ e,.e .:. .eee
~e¸¸..:.e_:.q.~_ee.e: ee.,~ ~c, ~:., _eee.:
. · ..
ee. ,~ ~c , ~:., e_:.q.e,e_ee e ~ .e c .~
.c ., .e:.e.e . ee. .e c ..c ., .e: q.e: e .: e_:
.q.~ ·,e ~.:_~ee. ·e. _ee. ..e: .e ~e c .
_ec .e -~q:e ,e . e ~ . e e,. ._~ .e:. .·cc . . e e :
eqe q , ..e, _ec .e .e e ~ e ~.| .e.,:. (Jena) _e¸¸
ee e e: eqeq , ..e ~e .~, . e, e. ~¸.._~ee . ~ .
_ee qe ~ eqe q , ..e ~ .e.,:. ~ . .e ..e :c ~¸e ' (Dis-
aster oI Jena)...'ee.
~.~,.~ eqeq,..eq¸ e:ee:,~ ~¸ce~e
.e...ee. ~e¸¸..:._e,._ qc.,o._e:~.q.~e~
_- e_:~ ee . ,~ ~. ._e¸e eqe q ,.e ~ .. _:, .¸.
_~e:. .e: .e: ~.q._~.e ¡e :e|. e_:.q.~ e · ¸.
ee ¡ .q ¸ ~e e ·~ e . eee q ¸ ~e~_ee , ee¡ .e:.
.e: ·, ~e¸¸ ..:..q.~_ee , e,_~_ e:. e e .:..
.|._~:c .q .ee:eq~ .qe · qc .~ o~ ~e_ .~
~ee¸¸ .. e e_:.q..e .e¡ ~ e_ee e., e.~:c ,.~:c .~:c
~.~:c ~o_ .e: . ~ ee . _e, ._e:ee . .·cc . . e ~.
_ec .e.e ~.e: e.·.. .|, _ec .e· qc eee._e:~
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c
,e . e .~o~ e : eqe q , ..e, ee _ee _~_e, ee .
ee _ee .e: . .., . (Sedan) _e ¸¸e ~ e e : e, e.
, ._e ..e: ee e._e:~ ,e . e _~ . eqe q , ..e~ .~ ,~
.¸. ee. ._e:c ._e, _ee .:.ee . e, e. _ec .e .e , ..:.
ee.
~. _ec.e eqe q , .ee e ~ .e c .~ ·e. ..'
.. . qc .e: eqe q , ..~¸:c ..q:-.~:c e ''. ..'ee .
Victory oI Prussian Schoolmasters''. ·:._~:c..
e_:.q.e,e _ec . ~ e ~e ~ . .e e_. ~e .q .:ee.
_- e_: o~_e~ .:ee e:c,.ee .:ee e_ ., .
.:ee . ~ . ~~¸¸..e, .e _ec .e ~ ~. c e ~ . c
. e:.
eqeq,..e , .e , .
~ .·cc ..e .c.e:
.·¸c ..e: c, .e . c, . e e_:.q.. e _e .e ~ .
.·¸c ee c .c ~. qc ¡.q:eee . c e : _ec .e ~ e .e .
~¸,e.~ .~ eoce:. ~. eqeq,..e~ eoe¡...
e_:.q.e,e~ _ec. ~_e. .e. ~e ¡e: _ec .e~ _e, . c
.:.ee . eee._e:~ ,e . e .~ ,~~ c .¸. :.e:
¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
~. ~.¸,~e_e. ¡.q:eec_ec_~ .e: ·¸:e-~._. ee. .
e_.:. eeo.ee,,.. .e..e.,:.,:. _~:._~:.cc_e,e|
.:ee.
~. .e:e _ec .e .e ._ . e¸~. ._e, e c .:e:.
eee~. c c eqe q :.~ ·:. , .q.. e_:.q.._~:c . .e:
. ~e¸¸..:.e_:.q..e c, .~ . e ._. .e:~ .¸. e .:
e:. _ec .e ~ e~. . ~.,_e ..e: e .e,.o.~:c
.e:c e ~~ , . . . c c.e: ~ .q ¸..:c .q ¸q ~_e¸_e ..e:
e_:.q. e.e~e¸_e¸..q.~e~ .ee:e.
~. .·¸c . . e eqe q , ..e~ .~ ,~.¸_e . ee , .
e~.|~ _ec.e.e~e~.e: (Shock) ~¸c e~ ~e .
qee. ._~ee. ee.|e_. Shock _ee _e ..e: .,:c
.|e¸¸ . oe e_ee .~:c. _e ..e: e_:.q.~ ~....e. ..:c
q~.:_~ee. ,eeq~ c,.., o.e.~e~e~
Revoluntionary _eee ..·:q ee.
~· .,e : ~e¸ ¸.:.
e_:.q.e,e .e'.:e ~.e:
e_e_._e_. eeeeee ._e:c...:e ..·:q ee.
~· ., e:.e: . c c .e: ~e ~ , ~ ecc · .. . ~~.e:_~ .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸· ¸· ¸· ¸· ¸·
~e_.~ .e~.qe.cc _ee.,ee. Individual Free-
dom~ .e: .e: .e.e ~e ~ e_:.q.. ~ e e : . cc.e:
~ e .~ . e ecc ·..
.|.eee .._ . e_ee .e: ·.. . , ~_e ¸c . c c .e
~ ~e¸¸ ..:.e_:.q.e,e.e .e.:ee. ~· .,e:.e:
ee .e:~ ee .e|~ eee¸¸ .eee .e _ee .,ee. .|._~:c
. e ._ . . e_:.q.~ ·, ee ~ . c c .e: ~ . e qee . e
..·:e¸¸. _ec.:ee. .|.eee .~.e: ~e~e_.~
_ec .e e ·:e , e:. ~ qc ,_ .,_ ..q ¸.q:~ .,e ..·:
e :q ee. .q ¸.q:~ .,.eee . ._. .~ e ~ e.,. c · ..
.|._~:c .·¸c . . ee : ~· ., e :._. e_:.q. ¡e..
_e_:, ._e ..e: e_:.q.c, _~ .q:o. .e'.:ee . ~· ., e :
e_:.q.c,_~..e: .·¸c ..e~ e.e'e:. ee,_.
~:._ec e_:.q.~ . c c q ¸ ~oe~o e _ee e e|.e, ~
.~ e ~_~_ e.,. c.e: · , ·:~~ ~_qe. ·:. e
.e.qe. ·:.q ¸..:c .e.qe. . _e . .·¸c . . e ~ . c c .e:
~ ecc ee .
.·¡¡ ..e~¸.e: e_:.q.·e~e¸ ~~¡e..
._e..e: .e'.:ee. ee.|~.~ ~_~.e..~:ee
~e¸.e e ¸ee . ~._.. ~.c _ec e~e .~ e e_:.q.
. .qe .e~e ~ ~. e_:.q.· e ~e ¸~ e:c, eee .
e~ . . .e ~e ~ .e: ee e · .. . ~.~:~ ._.~._..
~._..~.c _ec e~e.~e .e_:.ee : e|.e, ~
¸¡ ¸¡ ¸¡ ¸¡ ¸¡ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
.,_e..e: .o:~ e ~_.:e: .q ¸..:c .q ¸q~_e¸.:e:
q.ee. e~...e~.e: ccee~·.. .e ~e¡
~.:~ ~ ee e¸¸ .e¸ ~· . e ~. .q:e e ee ee .
.¡¸c¸¸ . . e ..:~ e : oc ee . ~ . e. ...
e~..~ e.....~:.e·c~., e....e~..
.e .e:ee . ~. ~._.~.,e : e. ....~:.e ~ e ee
~e ~ ¡.q:e~ e|.e:~ _~ ..e e, e_e_~ e|.e:~
, q:._e_~ e|.e:~ ·¸e, _e_ ~ e|.e:~_~ ..e ~e ¸. ~
.:_e ..e: e. ...e~ . . e : .e:._e:e .ee . ~_~ _-
.e.e.ee.
~ . e , .~ _ee .¸e|.e:~_~ .ee ¡ . ._e:.:.e:
.q:,:.o~ eo~·.. .ce¸:.e.cc~ _ee.¸.~
.~:~e : .,. e ..eee e_:.q.e,e e :.e: ~· . e ~
~ee..e|,e. ~¸¸ee e_:.q.e,e~ ~¸¸ee.ec.~q
~¸¸ee Evolution , _ee.:e ~e ~ ~. , , e .o .
.~ .eee . .c e¸:.e. c c , .e e. ..¸: ·.. oc ee
e . .ce¸:.e . cc~e ~~.e: . ¸e~:.~e c. ._e:qee
. qc , q :.e_:.q.e,e e¸ ¸., . qc e . ..¸: ee. oc ee
. ._e:.:.e:qee.
~.e:e~ ~·.e~ec. ,e,:.~e.ee|,. .
_ee .e'_ee o , ..:e ~ ee e ¸¸._~ .. ~¸, e . c c.e, ~ ~.¸c
e ~ ~ ee. ._e:. e e~:. q ee.
~.. ~·.,, .~.e_e._ee.:e ~.eq~,
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,c ,c ,c ,c ,c
e_:.q.~._. Evolution ~ .:e:. .._. ~e¸¸..:.
e_:.q.e,e .e ·:.e. e e:e . .e .eee _ec .e e
·¸:e-e ,q:.e, ee·.e¸. .e~.e: .e.ec.
._~:c .~q Evolution , .e'.:e ~e~ .e:.e: e .
q.~e:.e qee.
~o .._ec ..~¸:c ..ee: ~.eq ~, . qc ee~e .q
~ ·:eccee~·.. _e_,ee City . ..'e _e ¸¸e ~
.e _e_._~¸~e e_:.q.e¸¸.._e. .c.,e:qee.
~· ., e :._ . . ~e c .e . ~e .q~.o:~ ~e e e .~¸:c .
q ee. ~e .q.o:~~e ~ ee e .~¸:c .q ee. .~¸:c .
e¸ ¸.e . . e q ee. .|~ .e ~.e: .e c .._~:c .eee
~e ~ ~¸,.e:e , . e ee ·.. Evolution, ee eee e
e .e~ e ¸_e¸..:e ~e ~ ~¸, .e:e . .,:~ ~_ee . ~
qe..e~e~ Evolution _~ .~ .e:c .c . e.e:c .c
_ee .:ee e¸. .e c.~ . ·:.:. _e¸_ec .:.. e ee. _e .
.~ e ~_~_ .,qc ~¸, .e: e .,:~~¸.¸c .,:~~¸.:.
.e ee .
·¸:e- e _ec .e e . e e:...~ ~¸, .e:e ..|c .
o o_ e¡ .e:.qee . ~o.._ec ·¸e, e¸. ·¸e, ~ ~¸, .e:
e . e ~.q¸e c.e: ~.q ¸e c .~e~..e , .. q:e.e e :
~ e .e¸: ~¸,.,. e ..·:e¸¸ .e e¸. .|.eee e eoe¡ .. .
~_~e ~.eq~,~ e.|.ec.e..c.e~e~ ec.e.
.~qee. ec.e..~qe~.| Shock q.:.ee.
,. ,. ,. ,. ,. e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
~e:e : e_:.q. ~oe e., Shock .e .-.-
qee. .|, ·¸e, .e ._. Shock q_e . .e·¸ ..e e :
e_e..e: .eee. .~q:e~:._ec .·¸c ..:~e:.
e_:.q._e¸_ec ._e:c ..e .e .e ee . . e .:e ~e~
·¸e, e: e_:.q.e ¸_e ¸.e .e~ .:ee . e~ e .~e .e c, .
.e e .e~ .:ee. .e e_:.e e .e~ .:ee.
~. e : ee _e_, ee_e_ ee e ..·:....e
q .:ee. .··c . . e e¸: e ~¸¸ e~ e .~e .~¸:c.~ e_
.o:c.ee. ~. e_.o:ce¡~ e~¸¸~ce.q.qe
e~ . .~ e|.e:~ .¸¸e ._e:. e e~:.... q ee.
~¸. e e . c c ._ e~ e.~e.e c, .e¸:.. c e~ ,
e¸:.~ ~qc .e'.e|~_e . e~ e .~e .~¸:c .e¸:.~ .,:~ e
. ~ _e . .e'.e|~.:q_.c . ee e . e~e e_:q c e¸:. .e .
o e q, e~ e .~¸:c .e¸:. ~qc e_ .o:c _e . ec .e~ e e_:
q ce¸:.- e:c, e : e~e.ec, ..c e~ , e¸:.~ ..:~ . e
q, . c e _e¸.e .e~ q, _ee ._ '' e .
~.,:~. c c .e ¡ee: ~· ., e _ec .e e e :
_ee. e:~ e~e.ec, ..e ~qc .e'ee. e_:.q.~
ee.e .. :.ee. .,:c.e: e e~ e .~e .ec, ..~¸:c .
.e .e'.:e:. ·¸e, ~~¸.e: ._e:c ._e, . e~ e .~e
.ec,..e eo,.~:....·.. e~e.~e.~¸:c..e
~qc.o:c.~ee . ~ .~., ..e .e.o e.~ee.
e~ e .~ e . e c, ..e . e ee . ~ . e:....e: ~¸, .e:
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸
e ~.q¸ec.q¸ o.~eeeqe~_ee, .eo:..cee.
~c. ... .~ ·:e
eq e ~e~ . ~ ~qc .e .
o e e:. .e .o e _e.e e~ e.~ e e . e e_:e o .o:c
e:. .,:~ee.| .·¡, ..ee: .ee~_~e._e:~
~e~e.q .~o~e: e_:.q.c,_~. ~c|q' ._e:e
e~:....~ _e_.e- ~.~.e.ce..~¸:c.e_: ee
.e. c ~¸e .~¸c e e ._ .e¸¸..¸e ..:.q.. c .e:cec .
. ce:.q.e ~e~ ~.ee~ . ,:.e._. c..: ~qc .
~. ._e¸e .e_ee._. ec.e_:ee .e. c ~¸e .~¸ce e¸:.~
.o:~ ~ ~:..e._.c.._ _~_.ee e.e: .c .qeee.e:
.:.e¸:.~ e¸¸ ..o:c _.c.~ . ¸ec . cc- . e .e.q.~e~
.~ee..:~_.c. e_.e._''e. .·¡, ..e~ ·¸e,
e_:.q.c, _~ .q ¸ e~:.. . . e:~ e_:.q.~e ~ . e ~ c
_.c.~ ~qc .~. ._e ¸e e:e . . ..·:....
_e..e: ~.|~ . c .e¡ _e ..e: ._e:ee. ·¸e,
.e.e .q. ~:~ e e .,q:e : _~_ .ee e.e: e ..
eee.e:e .eee. ..e ~.ec.._e_.:..e~
e_:ee .e ~¸e.~¸ce. e.e._.c.e: ee e.e:.:..e
~ .. ~¸c .e... e e . c c - . e.e .q.~e ~ . ~e e
,, ,, ,, ,, ,, e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
..:~_.c. _ee-e. ~e¸¸..:..q. ~.¸¸e~_.:~:-:
e_ _e .q. ~e¸¸..:.e .e~.q.~e ~ e_:.q.~ .e .
ee.
.,:~ .¡.c . . e ~¸.e: ·¸e, . c c e: e~ e .~e
.cc ee. _ee.:ee. ,q:.,e~e~.| ..c.:.ee.
.ec.e: eoe¡... ¡.q:e.cc~ e~.ce ~:q.cc
~_ee ._e:. c ee. ~ . . _ee _.c .._ e_:.q._ ·¸e, ._
ee . ,~ qc..._e¸e . e ._~:cec . .e c.e_:q c.e~
._e:_~ee. e_:.q._ ee.,~qc..._e¸e.e Massive
investment in Education . ._e:ee. ~.|~ ·¸e, . c c
.e . e:.
.,:~ ._~e~ec.e ~ee~¸¸. ·.. _ee.:.
..:. e.·.. .¡,c . . e ee c ~ e : . ee ~e :. .,
q, _ee _e ..e: ee_ee ee . ~ . .e: , ..q:. .¡,¸ . e:
.~,~.¸_~qee. ~..e: ee .| ,¸ . . e e: _e, _e ..e:
~.eq ~, ~ . e .e.q. .e.. ~ ee. e|.e: ...
Occupy .eo:.e:.e~., .e.~ee. ~..e:
. c c ~ o.o:c e .e e ~.|e: ee .| ~e¸¸ ..:.e_:.q.
e,e.e: .e_~_e,eee¸. ~..ee~.|e:._. .,~
._e:e~ec. Massive investment view ... qee.
. .e'.e ~ _e, ~ c ee.
.q:~ ·¸e, _e_ ~ e|.e:~e¸:. e_:q c e¸:.~
._e:e .e:q ee. ,¸ . . e ~. ~¸, .e: e ~ _e:e e .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,, ,, ,, ,, ,,
·:e e~¸, ·.. .~¸:c .~..:~ ~¡ .e:c e~¸, e|· .e¸:
e. .|.eee ~¸, .e:e e : ·:~¸, ... .e: .q:,
.~¸:c ..:..e ~¸,.,ee e . ~. .q:, .~¸:c ..:..e
, . c c _e, o .o:c ee e . ~ . .e: .¡,¸ . . e ~.|e :.e:
. e e~_~e e_:.q..e: ., e e. ~ . ~.¸, e : ·e . .e
.. . qc .e: .c ._~.. .e .q.e : ~¸, e ~e .q_:,, .e
c, ..e~ .,:~ . e .e.qee. e_:.q.._ eoee .
e_:.q. ¡.e:..e.e.e .e.:ee. ec._e_
~e ~ e_:.q.o.o:c ..: . e c, .. e e:. . ee ,_ .
~:._ec . ' _e, o.o:c e:e . ,¸ . . e ~ .e . ~ e:e¸:.
. .¡¸c .~¸: . , .e e¸:.~¸.e: _e, _e ..e: ~e :e .¸ , e e
. c c ee . _ee .:ee. .,:~ ee.| ~ .|, ec e. ..:~
...· .. _e ..e: ~e:~ e .cce _~ ¸.e:.. e ~.|e : . .¡¸¸
. . e ..:~ ~., e_:.q. _e¸_ec ._e:c ..e .e . e ~ c _~
_e, ee.
.,:~ .¡cc . . e ~ec .e : ·¸e, _e_q ¸ e_:.q.
.e'.e ·:.. .e: e~ e .e c, .- . . c q: ee .~c
. ~e .¸~~ _e_ec.q, '' ~e~ _eeee. ·¸e,.e
~_.e eq: e .e~ e _e, .:ee .
~.. ~.c .c .e .:. ~ e: .q:e .¡¸¸
·¸e, _e_ .:._e. .. .:e ~.|~¸.e: eee¸¸.._e:.:ee.
·e . ._e:... .e: .e·¸ ..e ~ e_:.q.e,e ~ e_
.o:c e ~.|e: ~· ., e ·¸:e, e . ~ . e ~e . .e|
,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
ee e . .¡,¸ . . e .,:~e c .~¸.e: ~.eq ~, ~ .e
~e. .e|ee e . ~. .¡¸¸ . .eee c ~_~.e: ·¸e, ._
oee, .. c c _ee .:e ~e ~ ·e.¸. ~e ~e. .. eq
.e: ·.e . ·:._~:c . .e: ~ee, ~. . . e e :._ .
_e.,:.e, . ~¸, .e: e e :._. _e.,:.e, .e , ..'e
.e~._. ~e e. ~e . .. eq.e: e ~e~ ~ e .e .
~ e o c q.e:eee .
.|._~:c ·¸e,._ . e e~:.~e c .. qc Japan
enters the uncharted ocean oI Education ·e . e
_ee., .e. :..:e ....e e_:.q..e .q:_~.o ~ ·¸e,
ecc.,_e. ~e~:.~e~._e. ~ee,e ~eocqee
. _e ..e: .e .e .,ee . ~ .| .q ¸._e.~_ee , .~ q:e
¸ccc .~¸: ~ . e .e , ._e . ee .¸~.e . .,ee.
~.e:e~ .q:e .:.e .¡¸¸ ..eo~ . e e .¸~
.e ~.e: .e: .q ..q:~ .,ee . o:.e|e¸:. .¡¸c ..:~
~e e~e|. .~q:e ¸ccc ..e: ~.e ,c _~¸ec_e.
. e . e .,_~e:. e_:.q.~ ~ ...:~o . e .e o:.
ee . ~. e ,c e _~¸ec e. e qc .~q:e ¸ccc .~¸: qc
.e ~¸, qe . e :e .. . ~ .|.e .e .,ee.
~.. ec, .e¡.eoe: o.o .~~ .q:.e¸. e:
~ .~.·:. (Tsukuba) e~ . . . e:. ~ . .~.·:.
e, e:ee~ ~e:e:qe ·ee~...e,e eee
e~. .e . . ¸~._~:c .._e:qc .e.e e:ee ~e ~ _ee
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,c ,c ,c ,c ,c
.:.. c e ~e~ e._e:.e: e|· .. .q:._e:.¸ce:~
~e :e :eq ...e e~ . . e¸¸ .. ~,:·e_e.,:.e~e ~
e_ .o:c e e~ . . e¸¸ .. .~ q:e ¸ccc ~ _~ ¸ec e , ._e .
e , ..'e .e, .e¸qc ~.c .c _ec o:.e e~ . . .
~.~ .q:._e:.¸ce:~ e_:.q.e : ~,_.. .
.e ,c .~¡.e e,, ~¸ee. e ..·:~ ·¸e, ~ _ee:
.|.e~ .o:~ , _.c .~:._ec e_:.q.~ e_:.q..
. ~e c .eo:..e: · ~e¸¸ ..:.e_:.q.e,e _ee qc . c c .e:
~ e , e , ~, ~, ~_ec ~¸e~¸e ~q _.e¸: .e._e ..e:
ee~,.e,ee~¸.¸. ·~e.~:c e¡.e:._e.e .e_.c.._
.~eee.e: _ee:.
.e:.e:~ .q:._e:e ~oe : ~. ·¸e, ~._.
e_:.q.e : ~o~~ .~:~.c .e ..·:.e| . .~:~~
~o~e~ e:e¸¸ . eee·.. ~·.e e ~.eq ~, e ~
.~:~ ~., ~o~ ~ .¸·:.:. . eqc .~ _ee.:e:.
.,:~ e . c c.e: ~ .o:~ e ~_e ..·:e¸¸.. .q:._e:
. e ·¸:e, e _ec .e e .,:~. . ·¸e, e ~ ~o~ ~
.~:~ .c .e:. Revolution ..·:e¸¸..
oc . eq· .e¸.
. e,e.ee¸¸. ·e,_.
,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
.~:c... ._e.eq·.. ·:._~:c...e: ~·.e
~.eq ~, ~._ . . ¸,_ ., . oe e :q e:e e_:.q.e :.
e ¸_e ¸.e .e~ e e :.q: e~ e .~ e e .e~ e e :.q:. . e ._ .
oe ~e . ·¸e, ~._. .¸.q: ~.eq ~, ~ .e:c e e.¸ ¸¸
.,q:.e e : _ee e~.,ee . ~.eq ~, e :.e:c .ce, e
.e q .:_e .
~.eq ~,~....e~ ·¸e,~....e ~ ee ·..
~e .q._ e_:.q.e :. .e: ,_ ..,._ . ~e .q._ e_:
.q.~ ·, ee ~ ·.,._e._ec .ce,..e ._. q .:
ee . ~·., e :._. e:·q~.~ .¸:e .ce, . qee.
e_:.q.e : . .e: .c ,_ .ee . ~.~ ~. .e q .:ee.
. ~e c .. ~· . e .e _ee ~¸, . . e ee . ~ . . .ce, e .e
qe~e~ ..cc.e:~.,_e..e: e_:.q.~ Invest-
ment .ee ._e:..e._ . q .:ee.
.|_ec qc ·e e,e ~ .~:c .... . ¸·:.:.
e_:.q.~ .~ . e o:.e e,e .:. . c c .e: ~ cc .q:~
ee,e .:. . e:~ ..,q:e :.e: .¸e:, . . e e¸¸.e. .
.~:c .ee . .~:c _ec _.c . e.~:c _ec _.c.. e:~ ~ .
e c ._e_ q ¸ .e c ..e'e_ ee . ~ .e c ._e_ q ¸ .~ q .q:~
.,e .e c .~.c e : e_ee .
·¸:e, _eee~q~: .,:~~¸~¸, .e ~e~ . ~
qe:. ·¸e, ._ ..,:~ ~¸~¸, . . . ~ qe:. ~ .|~ .·:c
~ec. Evolution ~ec.o:.. eqe~e~ .~ Mas-
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,· ,· ,· ,· ,·
sive Investment ~.,, cc qe:. .|._ . ~e e o ~ ee .
·e ..:~o . c c .e: ~ cce. . e ~e~.e:
~e¸:._~. .. ... .qee . ecc ._. e.~:c .· .. ~o .._ec
.c .q ..:. c c .e . .e c .e : ~.c ~:._ec .,:~ ~¸~¸, qe
. e . .ee: . c c.e: q ¸ .o:~ e e e e .e ~:..e.eeq ·
.e .,qc .,:~~ . ~ ee ·.. .|.eee .,q:e~: . c c
.e: ~ ~e .q e _~ ._e, qc ._ . ~e,~e:._ee ee ee.
,e ,:~ , q :.e : .e ¸qee. , q :.e : . c c .e: ~ ~e .q e
_~.ee ._e:e|.e:. .,q:e~: ccee. .,q:e~:
cce~e~ . _ee~¸,.e:.e qee.
.,~ ·¸e,e.e~e¡~:.e,.~ .q:e ...¸:
.. .:. e:e|. ·¸e, e : . c c .e: ~e .q~ ~_ec e_:q c
.e , e cec_e ..e: ~e .q~.,, ~.o .o ec|. .¸.e.e:.
~...e e ee e· .. ~...e e .e ~ e_:q c .e ~ e e
_~_ _~_ e e .¸.~ .¸ . ~e o:.e:. e_:q c .e ~._ .
. e.e.e .e .e:q q . e _~ee . ..,q:e : .q:._e:
.¸c e:~ . e.e e:.¸_.e._ . e._e:, . ec.._e_ .:.
~.e'e : .ee,:q e ._ . ~.q._~ .ee . ·¸e, e: .~:c_ec
.:.e: . . e.¸~ e. ., _e_ e ee. . c c .e: ~._ . e e .
ee . e_:q c .e ~._ . .e :q q . e . e .e .e e:c, .
.. .e _~ee. . ee c .e. . ~.q._~ .ee .
,¡ ,¡ ,¡ ,¡ ,¡ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
·¸e, e : e ~ , ~ cc
e~e: eee·.. ¡ee:.e|
.e: ~e .q~ ~._.. e_:e : ·:.e.~e ee .o~
ee . _e ..e: .e·e¸ e c|..e .¸ee. .|.eee .~¸:c .
.e e : ~e~~¸ ·:.c ee . e:~ e.e, . ~.ee, .
~.c ~ _e¸ ¸,e ~ . .c. o:.ee . ~o~ e, .~.c ~¸.e:
ec .~ . .c. o:.ee . e:~ e _e_:, .e: .e:c e ~e
_~ ¸~e: ~ e _e_:, .ee.
ee._e._ ee_e_.. .~¸:c...e:~eee..e:
eq · .. ee _e ¸¸,e , ee _e ¸¸,e ee·.. ee e c ., ee e c.
ee · .. ~ .|e¸¸ ..e .e.o:.ee . .q:.e .|e ee e ....
e_:q c.e ~ e:~e .e oe_~ee . .q._~ee . e . e _~
ee. .~¸:c..e~ _e, .._~ee. .|.eee ~.c ~e, .
eqee. ~.c~e,.eeqc ·e.e..e: eee·..
~. .e: _e ¸c _~e:. . _e ¸¸,e ~ e_e ¸¸,e~ _e ¸ce:.
. _e_,e~ e _e_ ,e . e c .~ e e c . _e¸c qe ~e~
.·:c~ o, ..¸¸e . :.e:q ee. ~. ,_ ., e .
·¸e, ,_ .~ o .., .
ee. .cc.e:._.e|-
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,c ,c ,c ,c ,c
_e_.._. e|-. .cc.e:._ .o:~e-. ...:
.,q:e~: cc ee ~. ec .. _e_.:., Local authority
¸...~:-:e c ,~ e_:.q.e : ~:-:~_e_ q _e. .e ~ c
. c ee . . ..: . c c.e:- ec|.e¸:.~ ._ . o , .. e ..e.
qee. Check and balance ~...·:e¸¸. qee. .|~
.e: .q:e ¸ .e: .e: .. .:. ee . .q ¸.~ .. .:eq:
._ . q ...ee .
.q: ~_ec .e: _e, e:_e_ e_:.q.e:~.q ¸e c ..:.
.¸c .._ . _ee e ~e ~ .e c .._~:c .e e:._ . q e ~e ~
·¸e, e_:.q.e,e ~ _e, e:_e_ ~e ~ ~e . .eeq: ~~ ,
. . eee·..,: . .e: .e: e¸:.e¸:. q ee. oc e ee .
Shock
cc . e .e:.e| . ¡ee:
~¸,.e:e ~·.e.e.e
e_:.q.~ . ~e c. .~. .,qe·c~ .¡¸c ~¸.e:
~¸, .e: e ~e¸¸ ..:..q.e¸~e , _~_e ~.|e : ~· . e
.e.._ e_:.q.._ e. ..:~·.. e: .qee. ~.
~e ~ eoe.~¸:c ..:..e e_~ . .e'.:qee. . .e:
~· . e ~e .q~._ . e¸~ . ._e¸._e . ~,_ .~~¸¡ . _e¸_ec ee .
...: .e.e._ .cceeee~e~ ~¸,.e:e
,. ,. ,. ,. ,. e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
. .¸c e:.e.e: eq· .. . ..·:.e: q ee.
.,:~ ~¸, .e: e .e.e _e .e~.|~¸.e: ee
~._. ~_e. ec._e_~._. ~·.e o~.:.e~.|
_e:e _~.~¸, . .,:~ .e: e_c e .~ e .e ~.o.o~._ .
q e ~e~ e c ._e_ o .o:c .q.. e e ~e~._. . .:
_e,.e: ee .| e_:.q., ee.~ _e . _e¸_ec ._e:c.. e .e
. e e:.eq e|ee . .,:~ ee .| .¡c¸ ..e e c .e : _~ ¸.ee .
e: .e ._ .q ee . .,:~ ee .| .¡·c. . e e :._ . _~ ¸.ee .
e:.eqee. .e_~e:e.
e_:.q.. e:~.e: ~_eee . _~ ¸.ee ..,qee ~ e
e. ~_eee. e¸~eqcqc ,:.qcqco:._e..e: .e._.
~. , _~.e e, , ~¸ee.¡¸ e . _e..e: .e . eq· .. . e e
.,q:e:.e: .q:e ~ e e c ._. e|cc. e ~e~ _.:.,:.
e .e ~ .e: .e o:.e ee .
.q: .e:.e:~ ._e:.ee . ·¸e,.e ~.e ...e
_~ ¸ec _e . .e _~ee . .,:~ . _~:.o e : .¡,¸ . . e ~.,
.¡¸c ~e c .e : _e¸_ec ._e:c .. e .e ~e¸:._~ ..e ee .
. ee ~.|e:._. e_:.q.~e ~ _e¸_ec e ~_~ _- .e..
e_:q c .. ..e .q.ee . .q:._. e:~e .e ~ eq
.e: ...¸:e._e:. c · .. .e· e¸e . ~.e: . . . . ..e ~
.q .. ~ e:. ~e¸:._~ . ee e · .. ee .|e.. . . e e¸:. qc
e ee_ · , ee .e:~ ee e¸¸ . ._e:.,ee. ~ . .. . .e
..:~ ~ ._ . e_:.q.c, _~ ..~:~ eo:.· .e¸. c, _~ ..¸¸e , .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸
.~ .~:~e : e ~, ~ o:.ee . c, _~ ..¸¸e ~ e:c, .
qee. ~...
_e..e:e ~.¸, ~:._ec ._. .e .e . e ..:~
eee. ee.e .e.e, eee·.. ·:.e _ec.cee
·:.e _e¸_ec .c ee. _e ..e: .e .¸ , .¸,.. . e . :.
e:. ~.¸ , eee e¸. ..q:..:e|. ~.¸c ~_e, .e. eq
·.. .e~:.._e:e~._~:c.~ .¡,¸~ _e¸_ece~.¸,,
.¡¸c ee c .c _e¸_ec e ~.¸, _~:.e : .c e¸:.e _~:.e :.e| .
·¸e,e : e_:.q. . . _ _ .e ·¸e, .~¸:c ..:..e ._~
e:. e~¸¸_e¸¸_~.o ._q_~e:. ,,.,,.,,.,,., _ee .,
e:.e e_:.q.~ .e:.e:~.e:~~e _ee.ee.
~.|.e ~ ·e . _e¸_ec e. . e: ~.¸ , ~_~:_~ .
e _e ..e: _e¸_ec _~e:. ~. _c e ..¸e .ee. e_:.q...:~
_ce..¸e.ee. e.e~.,ee. ~...
. . e:~.e: ~.¸ , e e . e ~.q._~ .ee. ..q:
..:e|. . e . eq· .. e_:.q.~ ee .¸~ e :.. :.qc. .e , .¸
. qe: ~e~e~ ~. .q:e . e :._ . Shock .e q e|
ee. _~¸.ee.e.e qe|ee. .q:ee.e:~e_. ~_ec
._e:qqc ~.¸ , e. ..:~ · . oc ee . .|._~:c .,:c
.e ~ c e ~.| ~.e ¸~_~¸.e.e'e : ~._.. _e ..e: e c .
_e_~e ~ ~:.. .e .e|c ._e ..e: e e q _ q_ , ___e
_e ............ .eqee.
.e qqc ~¸,.e: e ·:._~:c eq,qe. . qqe :
,, ,, ,, ,, ,, e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
.e|. _e, e:._ _- ....:. eeee|·.. ._e:q¡ .ee.
Shock _e,e:_e_ e : e,qe: ec .e, .ec...e . ._e:qee .
~· . e , e ~ _e . ~¸, .e:e .~:~ e c. _e, e:_e_e|_e.e
.,:~ e : .~e c ..,. eq.e:·.. e: ec .e ,.ec.eq:.
_~ . . .e:e e|ee.e ¸.ee.e .e|ee. e ee ..:~
..:c.e|.ee.oe: ~,..·:c..e~..e .c.,.e:
eq· .. ~.e: .q : ee . ._e:e:.e .q:e ~ e_~ ¸~ · ..
ec .e ,.ec ._~.e ~.,:c ec._~ .e ~ ~:.,:e .~:c .ee .
o .o .., .., .e . e ~ . c _~_ e ~.|e : ec .e , .ec .
e ~.,:c ec.e e_:.q...ee.~:c _~¸.e:..¸ ,._
.e·¸ ..e _~ ¸.e:..¸ , , .e e~ :·.. .c e¸:.e~_~_ e¸:.
~¸, .e: e ~¸, _ee .:.e: .··¸ . ..e|ec .q ¸ ,, .e
..e..e: .·¸· ~o . ec.e,.ec._~.~ ,,.e.~
.e: .e: q_ee . .·¸c . .eee c ~ e . .e·¸ , ..e _e ¸c _e .
_e,e:.e Shock q_e..e: _~ ¸.ee .e qee.
.|.eee ec.e,.e.ee~.¸,e:.e: .~¡.e
,_.,_..,:~~¸ee. _e,e:_e_ ee c~ e|.:._e._e.
_e ..e: Geopolitics ¸eoc.cc.q., .e:._e:ee. ~.
..e ~.| Geopolitics ~q.e: ~¸:. ~¸:.e.ee ~·. e~
_e, e:_e_ ~ .e.~ . e .e :e . e.¸¸ ¸~ _e, e:.e ~. .e~¸
. ·:_:._e:_~e: q ee . ~. .~¸.__ee .e ~. .e~¸
.__ee .e ~ ...e ~.| Geopolitics ~q ~·.e ~
.e.~ . e.e:e . ~. ..·:e¸¸ . q ee. _e, e:_e_e:
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,, ,, ,, ,, ,,
ec .e o ~ . .., ~¸, .... eee· .. .,:c .|e¸¸ .
_e, e_ee e , _e, e:ee e¸¸ ..:.. . ~_e ee . e:e e:, .q.q:·~
~._ .~.c .c_ee e . .. ~. ~_ec _~ece e_:_-
_~ .e:.e . e ·~~._ . ~_e ee .~.c .c _ee .,qee .
. ,~ .q:._e:. e ·¸:e, ~· .e ·¸e, _ec .e
.e q ¸ ,e ,:~ _~_ _.c .~:._ec ~e¸¸ ..:..q.~ e , ~e¸¸ ..:.
e_:.q.~ ·e. e . . eq· .. ~. . e _e ..e: ~e¸¸ ..:.
.q.~e, ~e¸¸..:.e_:.q.~e ~ e.~e|·.. e ~·.,
e ~.eq ~:.e e :.e:c e .ce, e .e _ee .:ee. ~
~.eq~:.._. Shock ee.|qe .ee. ee e,e.q :. '
. ..'ee. .¸·:.:. ec .ee _e . e e . _e . .,e:e .
, q :.~ ee e,e ' ec . ~ e ~.| e¸~ . .~ _e¸.o~.:.
e:e . , q :.~ ¡ .. :.e:.
~. ~.¸ , ~¸e e_:.q.e : ~:..e.e:.e ¡ .e:..e.
e:.e _ee .:ee . .q:e ~ e e c ~.eq ~:.e : q ee .
~ , ·q~ e :._ . . _ . _ ~e .~q~e ¸e :._ . . _ . _
e _ee ~¸, . e.:..e| . .|.eee ~ee~q:q: .q ¸~.q:~
_e ..:. ..e ~e ~.e: ,_.,_ .... _e, _~ ¸.e:.. ~e:,
_e, _eee~. :.ee . .|~ee~q:q: ~._.. _e_ e e q e:.
. c c e c .~ . e ¸..:~ .e: ~ee~q:q: ~._..
_e_ e e eq . c · ..e|... q e .~.e: .¸~.¸c..~:~ .e
.¸~.¸c. qe:.e| . . ~:.q ee. .c ~:.q ee . ~¸e .~¸c e
~:.q ee. .|.e~ . c c .e: ~ ..|c ...:c . ~e:,
,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
ee _e ¸~ ,~ o .q:~ e e .e|c .~:..e _ee .:.e ..·:
q ee.
. .e: ~e :.e c .~ _~_ qc .e: e_:.q. ~o.
._ec _e_..e e : e_:. e ..·: e ¸_e ¸..:.~:c e .
e~ .:.~:c . e e .,q:e : ~e¸¸ ..:.e_:.q.e,e ._
~.q._~ .ee . e: _cc.ee. eq·.. .|.eee .~:c_ece
e.~:c _ec e . ee .,q:e :.e: ~. , .e_~ .e : .e q
ee . ~. . .e_~ .e:.ee~e~ .q:~_ec. qc.e:
~._.. _e, .:._~q.~:c . e ..·:~ q.:ee.back
to origin.
~ .| ~. .c e¸:.e
. e .,.. e_:. e: ·:.
.e:~ ~¸e~¸ec,.c,. .e..,._e,_e. .eqee. .q:
.e:.e:~e_.~ ._e:._e. e_:.q..._e: .,:.
._ _.c . ~.c. e ..·: ._e:. _e . .|~ _e_ _e_ cc
~,~~.e :e.e.. q_e oc ee. Education ~ ~,~
~.e :e .c ..~.:e ~ ._e:qqc . ~ .~ec e~:.
educere ~.:ee. ~.e~:.~ e ~ out . ~. e :e
qee. ducere ~ to lead, draw, bring . ~.e:e
qee.
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,c ,c ,c ,c ,c
~. e e ~e_:.e.e ~e ~e¡ . ._e : ..:.q ¸
¡ ... :~ e ..'e.:. ee ..:, e ..'e.:.. ~. ~o~
q_e..:. ~q:~ .oe.e.e ..·:e¸¸.. ¡¸e_ee .e.
e, e.e: ee e · .. to draw, to bring . e e~:.~
.o e . ~e:.,: . ·:._~:c .. .e: . e , qc .e:
.,o~e,e ~._-e_: q_e..:.. ~.~o~
~.~:c...~ ·e..oe_~e.. ~.| e_:.q.e.
e_: ..·:~ .e:
.e:~ .q:._e:. .. .
~q_ ~.. . . e e .~c . .e :e|_e..:. q .,_e ..:.~
.oe.e.e:. ¡¸e._e. e,..e.e: eee·.. ¡...:~~
e . c ._e ., ~ e: ee e · .. q _e ..:. ~.~:c .. ..e ·e .
.oee.. ~...·:e¸¸.~ ..'e:.
. ..·:... ,:.._ qc e_:.q. Education ~
~_e_ ~e ~,~~. e :e.e.. q. :._e. ~. e :e~.e:
to give knowledge and train .|ee . . to train or
develop knowledge , skill mind or character . .,q:e :
·:. :..e ¸.. . qc ~¸, .e: e e_:.e.ee e_:.c
.e.ee .ceee.e ¡e:~ ~.e¸_e¸.e.e~.~:c
,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ ,¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
.e.e.e:._. e|ee. skill . ..'e ~¸e .~¸c e .e
ee._e:~.~:c .e.e.e:._. e|ee.
. e~.q._~ .e:~ e e , e:q e ~ e _e ¸.e .e~ .~:c
.e .e.e:. e: e|ee. e_:.q..e .qc ~¸, e:.e
·e ..:~ee ee e e, e:qe ~ .:..e . eq· ..
.~:c._eee eeo:...·:o:..e .~:c._eee e:qe
.e .e'.~:c ._. e_:.q.~ .e .e.. c ee.
.q:ocee . .¡.c . . e ~ ·¸e, .e , q :.~ ~. c
e ~ _e . cc .:e .,:~ e c .e : ~¸, e:.e .e: e .e~ e|q ¸.
~. e e, character development e : ee e ee q: . e :.
. _~e ~e~ e~.ee,e _~ .cc _e ..e: .,:~. . .¡,¸
..ee: .,..e|c.e¸:.e:.._e. ec._e__~. _e:e_e,_ee
.:.e: _~¸_~qee.
.|._~:c ~ee .e . e e_:.e . e , e e c .e _e ¸.e
.¸_ .e . e e. e , . . ¸q ¸e e o:...·:o:., e:q e ~._ .
~.q._~.ee . e: e|.:ee . . .e: e : Education ~
_e_ eee.
. .e: eoe. . e_:, ee .~_e .._e:. e: ~e¸:.
_~.o~ .q:e eeoe: e .,e:~ e..e _~. ._e:.e:.
e..e q¸ e~:.~.e: knowledge is virtue, Virtue is
knowledge e . .|.e c .. . _~:.e .e|ee . Virtue
. e:~ _e, e:. _e, qe ~.e: .~ ee . ~. ..¸:
. .~.e: e|qe e· .:. e ..·:e . . e . e. .e|ee .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ,· ,· ,· ,· ,·
~ . .e: e..e ~ ._e:e:~ knowledge e_:._ e|qe
e· .: _ee -. e|qe e·.:. ._e : e_:_ee -. ~.|e¸¸ .
._e:ee .,: . .|~ . ¸~_ec .
e..e ~ Virtue ~ ~~¸e e.¸ ¸.eee _ee e :
·q:.~ . ..e qe e|..e:c .e:. :.ee. . .e: e_:
. ._e : e|qe e· .:. e: .qee . eeeeee e e_:
.e e_ee . c .e:· .. _ee e :·q:.o:.e e|qe e· .:
..·:e¸¸ .~ ..|c .oe : .c .o:.qee .
. . e e , e:q e e c .~ e_:, .~.e.qe ~._~:c .
~ e_:.q.. e: skill ee . e_., . e: eee · ..
._e:.¸c e:. ..,q:e:._. skill . e:~ ~¸e .~¸c _.c .
.eee ~cee _.c. .|.e~ ..'e:. ~o.._ec~.e:
skill .e:~ .~, ~ e , .e ~ c e ~¸e .~¸c e ~ ..'
e:. Engineering e Science e Technology .e~
~.~~:._ec skill .e e .
. ¸..: ~.|ee .e_ ., e_:. e..'. c·.. .¸~
._ . o ~ .c .. ~.:..e.qe ,_ .e .,._e:e e e.e
e:q e.e e ¸_e ¸..~:c .e .e._.c .~._. e_:e : ee|e_ee
.e ¡e :e . . .e: e e.e ·:.e, ee .~.:. q qc
.| e..e ._e:qc .e: ~ . . e_:e¸¸ .~ e .~ Phi-
losophy . ..'_e, ee e¸.
Philo .e: loving . ~. e :e qee . sophy
. e:~ wise ..¸:.~:c _e, qc .e: e_:~ .¸e ._ .e| .
,¡ ,¡ ,¡ ,¡ ,¡ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
Philosopher .e:~ e_:~ .¸e e . e_:~ _ee . .e .
e_:~ e,e .o:.e .. . .e: skill ...'e ~ee
e_:.e ·:.e~ ~.~ .e .ce ..~¸:c .e , . c .¸c . c
.,ee . .|, e. ..:~·..
. e_:. ._e: . ,._e:e e· .:eq:..e e|qe
..·:.e ...,~ e..·:.e ..:.e : .e'.eqee .
.|e :.:.¸c e_:._ _e_ e ee. ee ,_ .~:._ec e , ~,
e Philosoph qqee. e_:eeee.e:~ _ee.:.qc
~ee.eec ee,e~·.. .e.eeqee. _ecee
qee . e c ._.:.ee qee. .| e_:.q.e: . ~ee ~e ~.
e. ~.| ee|.:qc .e:~e:.eeee. eo,..ce.e..c
_eeeeee. eee~e,. .q:~eeee. .~o,....
~._. .ee.
.q:e.e: ,_.,_.e|.e|. _ee.e:~ science
e_:.q..e . qc . e . e . e . . e . e:~ ·:. . .e:
science ~ . . _ee .,_~ee . science ·~ ~ ~ec .. ~
_~e e:..e: e ._e, qqc science .e: ·:.. sci-
enc . e: e_:e . ~. ._e:.. c e :.~.~ . . e .~
.~ . e: .,:~e c .e _ee .:e:.
science ~ e .~.e: knowing oI knowing .
..'ee. .e:~._.c.' .|~..'ee. .|._~:c sci-
ence . e: knowledge e _eeee. ee.qe:~ ·e.
. _.c .e¸ ¸.. science ~ ~ . ~¸.e: ., ~¸c ·~eq:..e ,
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c
e¡._e:.e:e . ~. e :e .e'e:. science .e: e_:
.e: e_:e .
e e e e o:.e:. . e e.c_.c · ,e eq~ .,:.
.__.c., _.:.,:...:e_:~ science . ..'ee.
~q:ee .~ .....¸:.¸: , _~_ ee . e ee.ee. .. .:
ee. .e..e:ee. .c_.cee. ~...~ o~.:e
e_:e¸¸.~ Knowldege, science. ~q:ee.~ .ee,
ee¡.e:..~·, ,eeq~ .¸~.¸c. e¸e.,.e'.:e
.e¸¸.~ intuition ...'ee.
~..e ~e~e.e, eee:. ee:~ believe
~.. intuition , believe , _.:.,:.ee. e,ee~¸
, _~_ee. .. .:ee. e .ee .ee. e e_:e¸ ¸..e ~
science . ..'ee . e|qe _~ .e .e e_:q c .e e : intu-
ition q ee.
.,:~ ee .| . o~ e ~.q._~.e:ee . ~ ~. .
,_~_ .. .:. q, , science . ..'e e_e_ e ...·.. ·e
.e: e . ¸~ science . ..'.. .e: Systematized Kno-
wledeg ~.|e science _eeee . ~ . Systematized Kno-
wledeg~ ..e ~ ~,~ ~. e :e e.e.e ·.. e.e.e .e:
science . ._e:e~.|e : ~¸, .,ee ee.
Systematized . e e~:.~ system ~ .:e:
.e:~.e: .q:e ._e:e e. .e: · .. system.e:~
~.~.~ .~.e.e|c.ee e_..:~o:.e:~
¸. ¸. ¸. ¸. ¸. e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
..'ee. .|._~:c Systematized Knowledeg.e:~.
.e|c .e_ ..~ . e e q ..: e_:~e ~ ..'ee . ~._~:c .
~~¸¸.~:._ec .e|c.e_..~.ee. eee,eee~ .~
.,ee . ~ . ..·:e¸¸ ..
.|~ ~._.. ..·:...~., e ~¸e c,.e ..·:.
~ . :.e:q ee . . ~e c ._~_ .e: ee . , ee . ~ _ee .,
.. e . .|.eee .~.,_~ee. ¡ee: ~._..~:._ec
motion .eq:.e.,:. space time ~.~ .,.:. ~e ¡e:
,e.e..e e_:~e¸:._~. _ee.:.ee. ~oe:e|e
~q:.e~ ~._....·:....e, .e: ~:.. ..~ .e
.~ . e. qee . e .,q:e : ee e¸¸ .. . .,q:e : ee e¸¸ .
. e: ee e·.. ee. , ee . ~ ~._~:c .ee .,e ..·:
e¸¸.. ~ .|~ .e|c .e_ ..~ . e e e_:~e . ..'ee.
.| . e e_:.
e_:.e~ .e~¸ec, ..e: e_:e c .e: .e|c .
e_ ..~.ee e_:~e_ee .:..:.. .e: e_ee.:· ..
¡ee: . e|.e: e humanities art e social science
e ~.|.e~.e: natural science ..:~ .e: .e|c .
e_ ..~.ee e_: e_ee . c · .. .e: .e: ....e: .e
._. .e|c.e_..~.ee _ee.,e|ee..|.eee physi-
cal science, natural science ..:~.e: eq ...· ..
. .e: . e e_:. ..'e science ~._. Know-
ledeg . ..'e e_:e|e. ~ . .e: , e.e. .:e.e.
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸
e c.e.. ~ . science .e ~._. e_:e|e . o ..,.e:~
~¸, .e: e ·:.:_e, e: ·:.e¸... qc ~. science
~ .ee arts ~ ce :. .e: ,_.,_.... ~. e :e _e, e
. .,ee. ¡ee: c e :~ ~· . e e|_ ~· .:, ~ ·e.
~,~~. e :e.e.. . .e: c e : Knowledge-learning,
school arship, science-wisdom. c e :~ science .._e:
o:.ee. .ee_:~.e: ~eee. .~e~eee.
.~ee_:e. ~.._eeee. .|~ physical science,
._e:._e: logical science , ._e:._e: ~eeec eee · .
e_:. ._~:c .~¸¸..~.e _e ..e: .~ ee e¡ .e:..e ..e:
o:.e ¡e:e: c e :e_:e .
~ee~ e_:eq·
, .e: . eeee·.. . q:
ec ~ee . e:~ ~·.e. ~.e:ee:e _ee _ee e|_.
e :e _ee _ee .~e e_:. .~ , ~ e , .e e e_:e¸¸.~
..'e:. .e._.c . .e:_.c . .c _.c _.c . .ce, _.c . . ..e
_.c.. ee:.e ~ ce :oe : o_ qee. .|._~:c sci-
ence ~ c e :e .
Applied science ~ ~c ·¸c , e:e ·:e ~ . e .
¸, ¸, ¸, ¸, ¸, e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
..'e: ..'o ~ ee. Agriculture e~ ..'o ~ ee.
Applied science ~ .e . ..'o ~ee.
qqe:.e|. Applied
science q .. pure sci-
ence ._ . q qe:.e|. .|._~:c . e . c c .ee : Original
Research .e: q ee. Basic science .e ~ research
.e q.e: e : ~ .~., applied .eqee.e: qee.
~ee.¸_.e . :.. eq· .. . ·~~ ~._.. c e:..·:~
.:qee.
.|._~:c ce:. e: ,:e ~e.e . . .e: . ~ ce:e
..'..' e_:e ..'..'._-.e| . _-. e: ~_e:.~:._ec
.ee . ~_e:.~:._ec . ee.e:~ eee~.e ee e
·.. _e_ _e_ e e .. ..:~..:~ _e__e_ cc .o:c
~. ...~., . e:~ ._e:e:. .|~ ee:,,:. ._ . ..'
ee . e_:. ._. ..'ee .
..:~ e_:.e e : _e_ e _e .._e:~ _.c .. .¸~.¸c .
e.q:~·.. e_e_._e_. _e_.,qee. ¡ee: science ~
. ,~._e:. e ~,~ ~. e:e~Systematized Knowledeg
. o~ ~¸e c,.e ~,~ ~. e :e ~ .q:_~ ¸~ ee . e:, e:
,ee|· .. .| e~e . e e_:q c _~ ..e .e.e ~,~ ~. e :e .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸, ¸, ¸, ¸, ¸,
''Science is the successive apporoximation oI truth'' e.
..,o o,.~:..:e .ee_:e: successive approxi-
mation oI truth . e e_:. e: ~e , eq:.~ ee..e_e .
ee..e ~, .ee ..., e , .._.e . ~e ,eq:.~ e.q:~
...· .. successive apporoximation e q ee. ee ..e
o~ ee ..e ~e, eq:.,:. , ..:ee .e| .
·.. eo~ ,ee, .~o~e : ,_ .,_ . ~e,
eq:.,:., ..:ee . ,e e, o~ ~ c ee c ..~ o~ e : ,_ .
,_ .e , ..:ee . .,:~ .~ .:.q.e: ee . ~ c ee c .. ~
q o~ .e:c e , e . ~q .e q .:_e . ·e ~o~e , eq:.
. .q:~ .~:c . :.e. .·e scientist ~e e._e:· ..e:, e:,
. e .¸_e . successive apporoximation . e ._e:_~ee.
e . ~._. e|qe ~ ·c~.~.~ _e_ e qee .
..e~.~.~ _e_ eqee . ..e: e perIection .q:~
.:ee . ..'ee . ~.¸ , e e ..·:. _e_ ._.qe .
..·:. ~. e e~ eee e ..·:~ _eee . ~ . .
e eq _.~ q _ ~e , eq:.~ .:..e:e e|qe . ..'e
perIection completeness _ee.:e:. e_:q:e.eo:.
eq:....e| . . .qe c .e . . .q_~_ ..:~ . eqe ..·:e .
e_:ee e_:e,qe ~e~ e .eq ee . ee e
eq:~ .|._ ~e,e ~eee. .¸~.¸c. eeoe.¸
e._e:q·.. eee...·.. ee,...·.. ee_~__.c.~
e ee : ~qco:.qee . e~e_.~ ee _e e ,_e . e ¸¸.¸
¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
o:.. ~ qc .e: _~: e. e..¸: .e _ee ee ee.
.|._~:c e.:~e_ .~ ~ ~q:ee . ._ .e: .e: ...
. c . ee oc e:.e:c e ee ...·.. ee e e .q ¸e, .
ec_e. ...:qe:. ·e~o ...:e.. ee_~_e
e.~:e e...¸:e.e e e .¸.~.¸ ._e.e¸:~.:.e~o
...:ee. ee _e.:.. ~.e :e~ ~.ee~ , .|._
~e ,eq:.e. .|._ e_:e. e¸¸e.¸e|,. .e e_:e :
~.|qee.
eee. .|._~:c e.
~ .q ¸~ ~e¸:._~ ..e:e|ee
e_:~ e ,_ .~. ~.,:~ . cc e:.e: e_:e ,_ .~ ee
e,_.. (Scepticism). ee · .. ·e ~o.~:c ee ..
. .e: _cc .. eqe ~o ee· .. _e ..e: e ·cc ~¸.:.
.e: e .|~ .~. ee . ~ . ..:~ .eo:.e _~:.~
. . ~ , _~...ee. .|._~:c successive approximation
oI truth. Gravitation ¸._e. ~:., . .e oc q :.e ~q:
.e:c e e ,e e, ..e~ ee e¸¸ . ~ c eec ...e ._e:e:
eee¸¸..
~- _e¸~._ ~:c .._e:e:.e . atom ~._~:c .
._e: e:.e ·:.e . qc ._ . ee ..e , ee ..e ee · ..
...¸:_e . qc .~.,_e . .,:~ e c . ee e .e: e:.e . :..e ¸
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c
ee . .|._~:c successive apporoximation oI truth .
o:.ee. .e .e _~.qee. ~. ee~ .~:~.¸~ e.¸
q· .. ~ .|, ee .~ _e ..e: e_:ee e_:e , qq:q._~:c .
, ee .~_e . ·q:.o:.. e e_.~e .~ . e ~.q._~.ee.
_e,e: e_:.q.~._~:c .._e:qc ~ . e_:, ee .~
o:.e_eee:·q:., .e.e..¸~.e .ee.ee ~.q.
_~.ee. e.:,e· eq:.c|.e|..e: qee. e_:qe
e.:,~¸e ~.q._~ .e ~· | ¸ e|. . ~· | ¸ qe ee|·,
e_:eq·.. ..¸:.e:.c|_e. o~.:..eee. ~e:.~
~e,oc.eee.
eoe..~.¸~~ ..|ee. ..|eq:.qqee. ..|
eq:.. e:~ .~ eee¸. _e, e:e:~ .ee,:. e e~:.,
..|. e e~:..q: .q:. .ee . .ee,:._ positive
._.qee. negative ._. qee. ~~...ee,:.
~. . .ee,:.
.. |~.e: _~_ .c e:. ~e , eq:.~ .q., _e .
.e .e ¸e e ee¸¸ .~ .. |.
tension
~c. .|.e|. _~_.c
.,e ..·:e¸¸.. ~~. . .
¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
e ..·:e¸¸. e..:~·.. .q: e,_e. ._e:_~_qee
.qc .e: e..e _~.._e:e eidos .e ..·:...,
,_ .,_ ..cee . e..e ~ ·:._e:.. . qc ..:~_~ .
q e _ec .,e ~q:.e e: ~e ~.e:c .e e|e . ~ee ~e ,
.e.eqeee. ~. ~ee~e,~ transcendental ~:,
.., ..·:e _-, .: e . c eee .
e.:.. e¸~ e .e ,:..e .~ .e, .:.e. e , .
eq·.. _-,.: eqee. ~.~e~ ec._-~ qc..,
qee . .~ .,qee . ..e.e ,e ,:~ _~_ . ~ . ~e, eq:.
~e .~ ~.~ ¸e, . ..'ee . ~ .~ ¸e,. e: ..·:.
e. idea e . idea ~ ..·:.e|~ .~:c _~_ qee . ~.¸¸ .
ratio. ratio ~ .ce¸:. .e~c_e._e. eq·.. _-,
.:.qee. _-,.: .ce¸:. .qee. ..e.e ¡ee:
~.e: . .,:._ _e · ee . . ee .~ e . .,:._ _e · . ee .e
, ,:._._. qee. eeec , ,:._._. qee. .
~e c._~_ qc _.:.,:..,ee . ee.~ e, ee .e, ee e c
, . e e:ee . q ee. ~.| ~.¸¸.e : e ee. ~. ~.¸¸.~
.:.~c_e. eq·.. _-,.: ..cee. ~.. tran-
scendental idea ..·:.~ .:.e ~.,e.q..: _-
_~_.c e e¸¸ .~ . ee. . ~ . ee. . ~ ~¸, .e: e
._e:e .. |e¸¸ ..e| .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸· ¸· ¸· ¸· ¸·
.| .,:~ec.e: e|.:
ee. e|qe,.cee. _~_
.c ., q c ._e¸ec _e ..e: ~e , eq:.~ _ee . .e:. ~e , eq:.
~ ..¸ce:. ..|. ~~..~ e_~¸~e:. ~..~
. e .~ e:. ~ .| .. |. . e ~¸e c, .e|ee . .. |~
~.e :e _e, e:... .|._~:c .. |._ . q qee . ~e ,
eq:.~ e..¸c ·, ~e , eq:.~ ·e q :. qe. . phi-
losophy . ._ e: e_:~ .¸e _.c. ee,_.~:._ec ~e ,
eq:..¸e _.c . ~e , eq:.~ q:.e _.c . .| .. |..·:e .
.e _- e .e¸.e| ... e ...:~ .e: eqee ~ e_e
eec. c · .. e . ~ .e: ee· .. .|.eee .e _- e .e¸
eqee~ e_eec_e .._e:. ~.e ¸e,e ·:e o~.:
e:e|.
..|q,,._. eq...·.. ~ee:..:e ~¸,.e:
qeee. e~¸,.e:·,._. ~e,eq:. eq:.c·.. .~
..e.e e_:.q., .q: ·:~ :.. .~¸:c .e : ~...~ e:
.¸_.e .c e: ee e ·.. ~:ee ¸_e ¸..q. ~¸, .e:.q..~:c .
e , .q. ~e:q.:e_e_ c.q.e q ee. ·q:.~ ~.e:_~.
~e_.~ ._e:ee . ec . ~e ,eq:.q :.¸cee . .. |eq:.
¸¡ ¸¡ ¸¡ ¸¡ ¸¡ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
q qee . eq...·. .,:~ee . . ...ee. ~¸, .e:.q.,
_e_ e qee .
c q .e:e . c q e q qee . _~¸.e:.qee . ~:.oe
qee. ee¸c.q·.. ...e|., _e_e,,._. eq...·.e¸.
~e:e:c e . e.~:~ ~¸e q·.. e:e:. e: .~:~ ~¸e
e:. ._e:.e:. ~,, .e|c..~.e: e.~:~~¸eq·..
e._e:.q·.. ~.e~:.~ ~.~..e.
.e¸:.~ ._. e.~:~~¸e , . ~ . o~ ~.q._~.
e:~ ~ e ~ e ~ ._ . e.~:~ ~¸e , . e· eq· e· qee
e._e:, . e . eq· e . qee . e.e , . .e :...e|.
eq:.~ e.· .eee.e,. ~e~e~ e.eq·..
~ e ~ e ~ ~. . .. ~ ...:e~ , · ~ ...:~ ,ee.
. e. e, . ._e:c .,qee . e.~:~ q·..
~.~..e oc ee. e_:ee ee .e:~_eee
o~ e e~ e ~ e e e.e _.c . e e e e .. :, ~e c . ~q ~
~q ~ec . e.o:~ e_:_~_ . c e ~ .e .~ee. .e:
.e:e¸:.e¸:. ..:~e:~ ~e:e:c ~·|,_.e~e~
e_e_e...e:~ _e_eee .e_~ee. e_e....e:
_e.ee ._e:_~ee. e....e:~ ~~,.ee ._e:_~
ee . . e:e:.e~ e_:. e . ee.
~ ....e|., _e_ e e ~~¸¸.eq:.~.,, e_:ee.e
q. c ee. ~. ..e e~:., ._e:qqc e_:._ . . .¸c e|e .
c q e._ . q e|e ~¸, .._ .~¸, .e:e|e . _e ..e: ~ e ~ e ~
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: cc cc cc cc cc
e._e:.· ~e~e~ .e..,.oe ~e:e:c._.
q .e: e e~e e_:ee ~ qee .
.|~ ._. _e, e:e_:.q. . ..ee ~. ¸, e : o_
e¡ .e:.qee . ~ . . ~· |eq:..e , _e_ e e qee. qc
.e:c e ee .|ee .. e oe¡ . e:~ e_e_ e · .. e|qe
e_e_e·..qc .,ee~¸eeee. ~e,..q:~.:.
ee ee. ~.~:c.. . ,e ,:~ ._e:ee . ,e,:.e .e:
~e¸:._~.q e|ee. ·q:..e:e ~.~:c .. ., ~. e. .
~.e: e ,ee~:., ~¸e .e : _eo:.e ~q c ..:,q ¸
~e ¸ee q ee. e· e . q.¸c . _~ ¸.e:.. ~ e:. ..|eq:.
~ .:.e._e:, . . ._..:.. e_.e e .e ~~, e , .e
. ~ e:. , e q_._ . ~., ec eee:. ~.| e· e_:
e . e_:qe _~¸.e:.e:. _~¸.e:._e,.e: , e q_~._.
ecee. .._..:.._ . _ee _e, .e: e . .e .: ..
.e .:. . ~e c .. qc .e: e· e_: e .e_: eq. c · ..
. .e: .. ¸¸ c .~ , .e : . :.~¸c ee . . .e .q :c _e . ~¸c ee.
eq· ..
eq.e: .,:~ee.| c qe~:.e ~ _e . o c ~¸c ee.
o,~¸cee. ~e~¸cee. .,:~...e: oce:
o,e:.e:c e.e.e:·.. ..¸:~_~_ee. o,~¸c
ee . ._..o:~ ~ ....e , e..e:c .e|~ ~ .:ee.
~ e ~ e ~ e· q. c e e · ¸. eee·.oc ee . _e ..e:
e e~:...¸:.e: e _eee :·q:. ..e: e _e ..e: .e:c .
c. c. c. c. c. e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
¡ee:, .e._ e . ec .. , ..¸c ._ .e.~:c . ..¸ : . , .
.¸c ._.e.~:c . _e.e: e .. |qe c q eqe .e:. qe
e_:qe e¸.eee. ~. ~.|e qe. : _ee .:.ee .
~.e:e ~ ~e,.~ .q:~ .:.eee:.e q ee.
..:.e:.eqee. eeee:qee. e_:._. eee
ee .ec.o~ cqe._. eeeee. .ec.o~
..|._. .eeee eeeee. e.ee ~_eee.
~.q._~.e: ~~¸¸..e.e:~ .e. .|._~:c e·eq:.
e . eq:..e:e ~.|e : . e· c q e e|.~ .ee· c ~ . oe
_e ..e: e . ~.e'e_ o:.e ee:.ee_:, . e eq:.~
_ee e:·q:.~ .e.ee. ee:.e e_:, ~¸c e¡, e·_-
e . _- ~ q. c ee. _ee e :· q:.~ ~e.e.ee.
..:~ e_:.e e :._ . .e. ee. .e eq qc
e_:eq _eeeeee. ~e..:.ee. .e~ ee¡..¸c.
~.,, e_:q:q:e: _ee.¸c _ee e|.e. ~e¸:.~ e_:.e...:
e_:.q.e : _ee .¸c _ee e|.e. .e ~ ~., ~.q._~ .ee .
.e .:.¸c ~e ~. eq .~:c o , .. e .ee . ~e , .e.q:~
.~:c o, ..e.ee . .| ~. , ~.q._~.ee.,:.
~.|~ ~e : .e c .e :_~_ qc .e~.q._~ .e:~
.e ¸. c ee . .e .: eq qc . . :.e:.e ~e¸:._~ .q ee .
¡ee: e., .ec .~ e,e e.c .e¸e: .eq . . . .e .,
e:~ ee. e.e¸:.ce:~ .e¸.~ee. .|.eee
.e _e_:, ._e . .|·:.. _~_ . ~ e ~.|~¸.e: e e¸¸ .¡~
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: c¸ c¸ c¸ c¸ c¸
antibiotics ¸e_ec...,~ .:..e¸ee . e.¸¸¸e_: .e~
~.e~c ~ cc.:ee . . ~ e .~:c ee .. c e ~ .e ~e
ee..cee. .~ _~ec._ee.¸ce_eeee. e.~e~e¡
.¸o:.e c . e e .¸ce eeee . ~ .| ee .¸~ .
.,:~ ~. ~¸, .e: e ._e:.,e nuclear physics
.e·:.e .e'.:ee. ~e~ RutherIord e .~o~
~o atom ~ ·.e~.·:... ..·:o:.e:. ...
.e: ...ee .|.eee solids . ~.. e~o:.e:. ~.
.e: RutherIord ~ .ee_ee.e:~~ ~._..
e_:.e.e ~.,, . e c, ....ee . . e . c .ee . ~ . . e c, .
...~ ee_ .~¸:c ..:.~._ . ·:e ,.e. · .e .,e:.
.e. c .o:.e:~ ·:. . .e: e ~.,_e..e:
._e:...., c c .o:.ee. .~ ~.~ oq , ~q , .e.e~ ,
~ .~ oq, .e . e.e.ee . . ._e:....~ e ,_e . ~.~
oq, .e~ .·~~ .c ec _e . ~¸.:ee. .o:c (an-
gle) e~o:._e . ~¸ee .,q:e : e.c _e:. (photographic)
plate) ~ o:.ee. e,·..,_~__e. ~¸.:e:.e~
..qe~. qee . ee_ ~ ~.e: .qe ~ . e :o:..
ee. .._. .:.eq: qe: .:.e:.e|.
_e,.:.e: e.~:c ec_e.e: e¸~.._e¸..:.
ee . . ~ ee q:.eqc e e : ee q:~¸qe :.e| . ._~_
.e: eeq: e_e_ · .. ..¸: .,ee . . .e: ·:.:..e¸.
. qc e.¸¸ ¸~.e: e ..ee ~e c. ..|~., . _e, e ,
c, c, c, c, c, e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
~¸.:e: qee. e.¸¸¸~.e: .e:~~o~.:.ee.
~.|._~:c . e : .e.e¸ eq · _ee .,e:. .| .ee¸:.
eqqc .~ee. RutherIord .e q . _e,ee ._~_ ee.
eeee. ~~,.. _e,e~¸·... e.¸¸¸ _e,~¸ee. e.¸¸¸
.eo~.:.ee.
. e : atom . e ..·:e : o e , _e . _e,.c ec~¸
. c ..:~.~:c e:e ..·:._. ee . q qee . _e ..e: e
.e:~oc..:.e ~:~:.._. qqee. ~..e:e ~.
~¸, .e: e ,:..__~e atom model .·.~ e .e
o_~.,_e. ee~.¸¸~..e~¸e, qe atome.-:,
.e'.:e:. _-, _ec. ~ e:. _- , ·:. _ec .. . qc
RutherIord e : .e q . ~ . .
~..e: e_:qe ec. e_:qe e c.e: science
e:e_ee_ee ·ee:e_ee_ee .e~ .e~.q._~.ee.
.eeo:.. ~eqc . e. :.e: q ee. discovery ..'e
.e e_:.e ¸q e ~.e: .e: e¸:.e¸:.e: ~e e eoc e.e¸:
.c· .e¸e: ~e¸:._~.e qee. .eo:..eq·.. .|
._~:c e_:ee e_:e , e : .ee: . e ~.q._~ .ee .
e_:.q.e .e .e e_:e .c .c .e .e: e.e , .
.e qe .e:. qe e_:qe ~ . ¸,,. ~ . _.:.eq· ..
~_e q .,ee. .|._~:c e_:q .e~ .e q e ~.q._~ .
ee . .eq e ~e , .. e e~~ e. :.· .. ~. . e e , ..:
.e.._~:c..e'e: .,.cee. .e.~.e.~qc ee
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: c, c, c, c, c,
e~ .e _ee .:.e:.e q ee.
. .e: ~ . . . q:. .e , e_:qe ~e~ e|qe _e_
qee. e: e|_ . ·e. ..'... qc e:ee_:.
..'ee . _e,e:. ~. e :e ~ e_ ... e e|.:..: e_:.
e.¸¸¸~ e_...~e_.~ e_:~ e|e.:·.. ..:·
~_e_ ..|.~_e_ .e:e~_e_ , .e ..:e ~ee.e .
~.|.e~ e·e_: e.e_:, ~.c._~..e. e.¸¸¸~
. e e ~_ee , .e ..:ee. .ee.e:~ ~,..:·
~,..|..e.e: e|e|ee. ~,.e:e.e: ee|·.. ~.
e·¸..e~ ~,..:·.e eee|e~e~ .|,~.¸_e¸e
c,e...ee_~·.. ~,..|.e|.:eee~e~ ..
o,.e._. c,e...·.. .|.eee ~.e:e e|e.:e
~e ~ c e.,:.e: ·e.e: e eo c · ..
eeee·¸.~¸.e:e ..e|.e.. e|ee. ~..:·,
..:·eq _.c. ..:·~ e_~ ¸~ _.c .. ~..|.,..|.eq _.c .
..|.~ e_~¸~ _.c .. ~.e:e, .,:~ . ..e: .e:e. e
~ce: ~e~eq:.~ e_~¸~_.c. e..¸c·. eeee.
. . .e|., _e_ e ..:e· ¸. ._~:. e·e . e_: q. c e|ee.
~.|~._. e_...ee, .cee. e_...~e|e e:e
e_:. ..'ee . e:e e_:q e ..e ~ ~., _e, ee .
e:ee_:~._ . ~e¸ ¸.e¸¸.qee. ·q:..~ o~
e, .~ ~ e .e .q:e._e:·.. modern ~e .e ._e:ee .
.,¡ . . ,:e_ .q:.e . :.ee. Gauss ocee. .~
c¸ c¸ c¸ c¸ c¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
~...... q ...ee. .,:~ .e: ~e :.~¸: ..¸:.q:
_~ ._ee .:e:. ~...·ce : .~¸:c..q:eee .e:~~
~. e . e e q ee. ~....e _c e .e.¸c e:, ~. e ee .
.e.ee. . ~., .cc o .e|c.. _~:ee... . , ¸
.e|c.. qee:, , , oe.e|c.. , , oe.e|c.. e.e,.
~.......e~ . ~., .cc o .e|c .. c .o:.e:.
. . . .q:e ~. e . e . c ee . .~:c ....e _c e .,ee .
. .~.¸,e: .~¸:c ..:.ee .e:~ ~ ·:e e_~:· . _e ._e
._e. .:_eee. e: _e,..¸_.:. ec. ·e. .e..
~..e: .~ Iormula ... .¸_e.~ee. ee·-,.
~ e . ~ e ..·:e . e ·~.·~ .e|c.. ~ e ~. ¸,e:
.e¸:. ~....e e_e ....e~. ¸, e : .~ e ,e e c .~ec .
_e..:ee. ~.| Iormula ~.e _ee.:ee. ~.|
~....... .q:e .e:c e.·.. ~e :e :._ . ~ . Ior-
mula eq...·.. .~., .cc ~ ._e,..e. .e|c.
.,ee . Iormula , e ~ . ~ qc .-..., qee . ce ce
..., .e:. .| .e:.e:.~:c .e ¡...:~. ~ . .
~...e¸¸ ..e ~e¸:._~ .q ee . .|~ . e e_:·~ e :.e ¸q
ee. ·e·~e: .e¸qee. ~e¸:·~e: .e¸qee.
ce ce ..., . eee~ .:.o~ ¡ ... :~ .:.,e:
qee. ~.| e:ee_:e|qe.
. e¸:.e~:~ ..:·..|..e o ._e:.,.eee
eo._e:e . .e q ee. .|.e ~ ee e. q ee. ~.|
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: cc cc cc cc cc
e|qe ~q e|.:e:. ~ . e|.:e:.¸c . ~e e ~ .
ee.e:~, ee.e:~ ee_e,·.. e·_- e._-
q. :.e ~o e : ~e:.e:.q ee . eq:.~ e e ...
._e:. ~ e:. ~ . e e ...~ ee .|e_ . e· ~o . ~ . :.
ee . ~q c .:q e eq:. .e| . eq:.ee e . ~ q e e: c|~¸
e.....·. ..:e:e, _ee .:._e . .e _e, e:. . e · ¸.e¸¸ .
~ ¡·|_ e_¸. ..'ee.
.,:~eee:.~ ~...:~.e: e_e,·.. eq:.q¸
~,~ ~. e :e ~ ,_ .,_ .~¸e~¸e... ~.c ~ec
._e:. ~ e:, e· _- e . _- q. :.e ~e¸¸ .~e:.. c e¸
e_¸e · . . ..'ee.
.,:~eee¸¸.~.e: ~.. ~~¸¡. eee·..
~~¸e_~. .e:.e.qee. eoe ~~¸¡....._e:.~.
~ . ~~¸¡ ....~ .¸¸_e ..e: ~~¸e _~ ..e:. ~ ¡ee:.e
¡e.e.e¸.e ~q __~..e:e _ee e:.
.e ·¸.e¸¸.~¸.e: .,e¸e· ¸.. ..'ee. .·:c
.e.,: . .e:e ~....e ~ .e o:.qee . ~e, .o e :
~... ee .e:~ . ..,qc . e .e: . . .e:_ee ee ee.
~e, .o e : .c .e..,e: ~e¸:.e , . c e .e·e¸.e .
. e _- .~:c .e ~...~e ~ . e . ,.~:._~ .. ee
ecce:.·.. e¸c.eq: _ee.,ee . ~. ~e~ ..eeee.
.q: .q:e.e~ .~... _-q_ ·e..:~q.
.qee. .q:e.e ~ _ec e:...: e_:.e.qc .e. .|e
c¸ c¸ c¸ c¸ c¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
ee e ~e,.ec .e.qee.
..e e.¸¸¸~....e~¸.e: .eoc..,qc e:
.e~:qe: ,ceq·..:.'' oe..|~ ..~:c ~..~
e~¸·..:.'' ._e... ~...q¸ _-~._.~.,e: .
e~:, ee· .. .e·e¸q¸.~:~ e : ~¸.,e:~ e. .e:
~...~ .,:.eq:e. .q:e._. ~.~:.e. ..|._ee
ee. ~.|e¸¸ .~¸.e: ~...~ ...¸:_~_ _e . ~o.
~e~e¡, .c.e. .e.e.qee. e_:.q. eee_:~
._ . .eo:.qee .,: .
.,:ee . ~:e .e: . ee eee.:.. ..|c .
..:c .e _~.... ee ~ ~e¸:.e . ~e¸:.e ~ ee ee c ~
e:. e·~~e,. .·~~e,.e: ~.q.~e~ ,_.ee.
~. .e: . .ee :._. .e:.e:~._e:e . .¸c.eqc
.e·e¸~:._ec .,o~e,e ~._-e_:~.e:
~e¸:.e e: qee. _.c..¸~~.,, .e~:o~ _-
o~e. ~,_.e qee. e_:.q.q¸ ~o:~ ee.|
e.. . e .e ¸ee . . ,~ ~q c ..:,.oq ~._~:c . ._e:.
ee. _- o~_e~.¸~ , ,_.e...¸: qc .. :c ...ee
ee . ~ee~q:e : .e o:._e . e_:~ .e.qee. _eee:
·q:.~.e: e, ~ .·:c e|qe ~.c.e~ .ee .
.|._~:c e . eq:..e: ._ ..:~ eq:~ .e:_.c .
e , .eee e . ._ ..:~ ~ ._. eee ee · .. ..:~e :
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: c· c· c· c· c·
e . eq:..e ~ ~e¸:._~.. .. c e|ee. eq:..e ~.,qe
e_:.q...·: eq:..e. ~. ..e.ee_:.q.e:._.
o_ . c .e¡ .e:.. ce:.e e|,e|ee . e_:q ¸ .·:c.e| .
. e:.e| . . ee.
e|qe. e: _e_ qee . . ,~
~. e|qe . e ~.¸, . ee .
e e ~.e .¸¸ ¸. ~ qc
eq·.. eq·.. ee.|e_.
..:_~._e ..e: e e.q:~ . e.q:~.e _ee~ , eeee.
.|.eee . e.e:e ..e~¸.e: ~.¸, ~q__~..:..
c¡ c¡ c¡ c¡ c¡ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
eq·.. ., o~e,e~.¸,e .e.qee. .e_e..e
~¸.e: ._ . . , o ~e,e ~.¸ , .e.qee . ~ ...·:
.e q ee. ~¸, .e:e . . ._e:. c e:~.e: e ~e¸:.e
~e~e e~ .¸~ .eqee . .|.eee .e...cc . ~e
~e~ ~o.~e.e~e~._. e_:.q.~ ~.c.c
.eo:.qee. .e .e: e . .e~e ~ ._. ee . . .e
.e.. c qee . . e _ e . .e~e~._ . . e .e.qee. .
..: . e ~ . ,_ .e e|. . e¸:.e ~e ~ .e: .e· e¸e .e
e_.e¸¡..e .e..ce .ee.
ph.D
ph.D
~¸,.e:e ·¸.e
~._~:c .._e:qc ,_ .,_ .q c .
.~:c ._e:. c qc .~:c .ee. ph.D. .e: Doctor oI Phi-
losophy. M.A,M.Sc ~¸.e: Master oI Arts, Master oI
Science . _e. . o:._e ..e: ph.D~ ~_ec M.A, M.Sc~
..~:~~ ._e..e: .o:.ee.
.q .~ ~· ., e : master . e: . .ee . mas-
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c
ter .e:~ .q: ~qc..c .~.e:eqee. ph.D
.e:~.e: Doctor oI Philosophy . ._e:e ~oe:
Doctor .e:~._. .q:. e ~.e:eqee. ~.|
~e. ~. . .e:ce c.~.e|. .,:~ e_:qeee qe~ ee
., ec e~· .q:~_eeoe .c _e ..c_~:.. c qc Master
.._...'.. Doctor .._. ..'ee. .|~ e.~e
~..'~.c'.e q ¸e:e _ee .
~o.._ec Master ~e~ qc.ee. ·:. Mas-
ter . ..'. . .e: Master .~:~ e : ,e e . ~ q ee.
Master .~:~e:qe.~ ·e.¸.:.e:qee. ·:
._~:c.~ ·e.¸.:...'.. Master q . ..'ee.
~ .|~.e: .e e...q:e e¡ .~¸.e , ee .~.,ee .
~e e e .~ e eq ¸ e e.q_.e ~ . q ¸.~ , . q_~e e .
~ _e_e..e: _e ¸¸e:._~ . ,e e:._~ . . ee e ·qc ec ._ee
. . :. ~e oe .ee . ~e oe..e: . ~q_~.¸c .~ _~ ¸~
e ~.|e : eoe Knight . e . q.~:c. ~¸,.e: ~.e:
.q.e:. ·:.:_e,o:.ee. Sir ·¸qee. Sir ·¸
.e..~ee. .| .q.~:c.e q...ee.
.,:~ ~ . ~., . ~ o .o ..¸,.¸, . e. c e ~e~
_e ¸¸e:._~ . ,e e:._~ ..e ~ .¸._e c . ._e.e·:.e e c .:
ee . ._e.e ·:.e e c .:e ~.|~¸.e: e ~ e¸¸ .. c ee.
.e ._e¸. c ee. . .e: ~ee : _~.e :..q.~e~ .:..e ._~
ee. ·e.¸.:.e e~:.e: ·~ (bacca) .e:~
¸. ¸. ¸. ¸. ¸. e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
.:ee . ·~ ~ . :.~ ._e:e:. . :.e c . _ee . :._e . .:e,
.,eq ..: . e e ..~:c ee e ..e: · .. .,._ .q e . e e .
.~:c ._ee _e. .| ·e .¸.:. ·~,~ .:e:.
~. ·e.¸.:.~q¸ ~o~e e:ee:_e¸¸e:._~.
,ee:._~..e qee. ~.|~ e_:.q.e: e..ee.
e_:.c.. .~:~~.c~. ~ ·e.¸.:. ..'ee.
~.e'.c e :.,e . ~ Master . ..'ee . .|~ e.~e.
~. . Master · ¸.e.ee Doctor · ¸.e.ee . e:
.~ .q:_ee _e .q:ee . .e e:..e: ee. .e: ~e
e c_- ~.q._~.ee . ~ ee c _- ·e ..:~~.q._~ .
.. . ~ e e c_- _~ .e . ~ e Doctor ·¸ Master ·¸
.e.ee. .e¸:. .c.e.o:.e:~ ~.e~¸~_e..e:
._e:. c , . . c , , . ~ Master ·¸ Doctor · e.e....
·.. .|~e_~._. .~e|ee. .e¸:..co:.e:~e
~e:.~ec.eq.~:c .e.ce: .~e|ee. .|.eee
~e e c ~e e .~e ~ ee c _- , .e¸:. e.e ¸...e:~
.e ¸_.c . . e¸:. e. ...e:~ ._.c ..e¸:. e_ec...e:
~_ec_.c. .e¸:. e.e:_e.ce:~ .e:_e_.c. ~·.e.
Originality ...'ee. Originality ~ _e.ce.:.¸c
Master ·¸ Doctor · ¸ qee. ~.o._ . .cc _.:..:._e .
Master, ph.D e e . .e. . q qc Originality _e. c qee .
.q:e ~..' ~.e: Original Research ec .c e Mas-
ter degree, ph.D degree qee.
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸
¡ee:. e|.e: . .q:e ~ . · e:e~. . o .e
~q Master requirement . e: .c .e.e:e . .c .e.e:
. ~e e. _e..e: ._e. ~.| _e_ .:._e.. _e_.:., ,
e_e....·.. . ~ Original ee.~ Thesis ~_ee , ecq
ee . . ~ e e c .e| . ~. e :e ~ . e¸:.e.e ¸e .e: _ee q
ee . . e¸:..e¸e .e:~ oe ~ , _e ..e e: _ee qc _ee qee.
. e¸:..e ¸e ~o ~ ~e:.~ .o:~_e_e . ~e ,~ ec _ee:
_ee .¸c_ee .,ee . ~ e e c _ee qee . ~ . .e: e Master de-
gree , ph.D degree .e.ee .
~ ~.:..e.e .e: ee _e_ , ee _e_ ee · .. e. ¸¸¸
~.e: Master ~ e.c_e. ph.D ~ ~.¸ , ~¸qc ~. .
q.:.ee:.e qee. Master ~ e.~ee. ph.D ~
.~.:.:ee . e.¸¸¸e c._e_~¸.e: Master ~ . ~e
.e¸.c_e . ph.D ~¸e e.c _e. Original .e e .e:c .
ee . ~ .|.e q ee.
.|._~:c ·¸.·qee.~ _~__e..e: ...e
~.e: . .e . ._e:. eq· .. . . ·q ._ ·e e c ._e_ ~. .
.|._ . _~_ qee . e,e ee e ~e~ ee .| e c ._e_
ee_e_ o .e:c e ·ee~ . . ~. e_ .~e ._~ ...:
e~ . ..:. .~.~ ..: e~. . .:. .e¸._~ ...:
e~ . . .:. . . _~_ qee .
.|._~:c e . e¸:...:~:._ec e e · ¸.e ~ ._e:e
~.|e : e e e . ..: e~ . . q ¸~e_ ~ ~ c .e~ c .e e o ~
¸, ¸, ¸, ¸, ¸, e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
o_.e.qee. .|~_~_ .~qc . ee. .~.c~e, .
~. ,.,. Master . , , ph.D ., , ..e:. ee oe .¸
e._e:. c · .. .c e . ..: e c ._e_ .ce. ..: e~ . .
..e'._. e_ee. ~.~, ~.e: Original .e:c .
ee.
. .e: .~.e: .~.:.e¸. Originality .e:~
~._e:. e ...:~ e~e ~.e ~¸.e: .~ ee.
e¸:...:~:._ec , e.e.e .:e.e.e . Natural Sci-
ences .e e : ph.D .e o~e:e¸:.ee . . e ~ .e:
.e: .q ¸._e..q:~ .,e . e e_:.e _ee .e: ~.e.e _ee
..: _e.,:.ee .e ..,ee . ~ . ~.e ~.e _ee ..:
_e.,:.e~ .q:.e~ ee_.e~ .¸.e._e . ee_ .e
~ q c .. ~. q qc ~.e.e oe q. c ee. . e_:.e~
Originality .e.. c e Original Research .e ~e¸:._~..e.
. c ee .
.|.eee e.¸¸¸·:.:qe .e ~ Originality qe ~. ,
.~ ee. _e.,:~.eee qe.e e ~., .e¡ .ee .
·e . e_:qe.e . . Pure Maths ...'e e:e¸¸ . Pure
Philosophy . e:e¸¸.. ~ . e : Originality o~.:.~:c
_e.,:~ q :.e|..~ . ee.
.|._~:c e¸:...:~:._ec ~. . Pure Maths e
Philosophy ee:~ Pure ~e:. Applied .e . e_~e:
e¸:.ee . Philosophy .~ .~ e ee ~e:. Cultural Phi-
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸, ¸, ¸, ¸, ¸,
losophy , ee . .eqee . Pure Maths , eee ~e:.
Statistics , ee . .e q ee. e._ec ~. . .e| .
.|._~:c Originality . ~e .¸~ ~ ._e:qc .,._e:..
ec._e_, e~. .ece~ ·:.:qe.e'._. e_...
ee. Philosophy . ..¸: ·:.:qe .e~ ~., . e¡ .
ee. o,_.ee: Literature nbe:._. .e¡.ee.
. e . e. . _~ .e|ee .
~_~...~.e: .e¸:.e.e¸
...e:e: .e ¸ee . e¸:. e_ec ...e: _ecee. e:
~.e: ~_ec . ..e|. . e:.e qe~e~ e e ec ._e_ec
eee · ~e :~e ~ ._. .~:c .e|ee . ~ . . e · ¸.
.e ~ Nobel Prize .e q~ , _~e:.e| . ~e :..:~~
.~:c.~¸¸.~e¸:._~. .e..cee... e.e¸... e....
e:~ .e¸.~..~ee.qc ~e¸:._~.e. e.¸¸¸~¸
.e:._ . ~ . ..:~ ~.c e_ec .eee .e· e¸~. ._e¸e
..:~~ ~~¸ ¸..e.e: q ee.
..·:~.e: _~ ¸.e:._~e:~ .. Master qe Origi-
nal _ee .~:c Ph.D qe Original q.~:c _~¸.e:..e:
e.¸¸ ¸._ . .e|~._e:~.:._e . o .o..¸, .¸, _ee .:.ee .
¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
e.¸¸ ¸.e: ._ . ~.e e.e ¸.c ~e:. .|.e qc .e, .., .
.e: e_:.e ~e¸:._~. e..:ee. ~.~.,
.q :.e.e¸q .¸~ .e~ ~e :_~. e,.e .:..~:c
.e c ._~ . ._e:c ..:..~:c . e e_:_~ . ._e:c ..:..~:c
e .e :..q. e_:.q. ._e:c .. :...:~ .~:c e , . e ._.:~
_.:.. :.q..:~ .~:c .e ¸q .¸~ ee e .c ~e:. . ~e c .
~e:~.,, ~~¸¸.qee.
.|._~:c e~ . . _~ .e c.e: Master Programme
.e .e~ .e.e.qee.
~.e:~.e: ~._e:q
.~eee¸. ·ee~..
.e ...e:...:~ .. e: e~. . ~e _~..e~._.
qeeee. oe ..e~.._~..e~.,_e..e: .e.¸:.¸:
o~.:e . ._. q e:e e¸. e~. . .........~.,
o .o ..¸, .¸, _ee .:e . ._ . q e:e . . .,q:~¸.e: . .e'
._. e_e:._. qee. .,._e:.. ·:.:qe.e'
e_e:._. qee.
.q:ee..ee.e:~. ~.,.e:e . . . ~
e:.eee: .:._e..e: Ph.D .:..eee. e:.ee~
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c ¸c
.e_ec e: . e .e:c .. e:. Original .e:c .e:. .~
._. Applied , ·¸ee.¸c·.. e:,_~.ee. Pure Maths
, .eee. Master .e:_e.ee. .e~e¸:._~._~:e
Ph.D Thesis ec .: .~ e. ·.. Original e.¸ , e.~¸,e . .
~..e: . ~e c . _e, .:. qee . ~ . .e: .¸~ Ph.D
eq. e.e:·.. .:.e. e , e¸. ~.,.e:ee . Ph.D
eqe: .¸~ , . e.e:~o c..c . eq. · .. . ..: .~
.e:~ o c .. cq~.:., .~ . c q:~ .e:~ o c ..¸~~
.e:~ o c ..¸~. .~ e. e:e¸¸ .._. q eeee .
oe..e~.._~..e .e:~.e: e_:qe.e
._.eee. ~e¸:._~. .c.e.ee. . e . e: e.c. ce
e_:eq·.. e.c.e...:e_: eq.e:. e.~:c.e
o:.ee. .,:~..e¸: .o ·e.e ·,ee~.e:e
.q..e:c.·:.:e~:..e.e:ce .~¸:c..:.... ee
.e:~. e .e:~, .~¸:c .e c o:.e:.e q ee. . e_:
eeqe.e¸:~. :.e:e.. . ~.|e¸¸..e qee. .e ~
.¸e .~._ . .¸e ..:.e: ee . c e:.e| . .|~ e_:qe e _.c ..
. e_:qe .e e .~:c . e e .:e . ., ._ ~ ..e ·:.e
~._. ~e¸:._~ ..e o:.ee. ee .| ~ . .:e . ., ._~.
.e..e e~.. .~¸:c..:.._. e~..e.qe:.,:.
.~¸:c ..:.~ ..e.,.e ee . qc e|.e:~~ e ~.
., ..¸ .e.. c e:.e q ee. ,:e_.~¸: e e|.e:~ .~ o
e : . .e.,ee~ , ., .c .e q e:~ .. ~ . . .e.. c .~:c
¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ ¸¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
._. e~..~ .¸e..:qee. _e ..e: ee .| . ~
· - ..q_~ .e:.e ~e ~ ~e :.e'e : .e: .e . e . .e ~
.e..:_~ee. .e:.e~._. .~:c.ee. .|e
ee e ~. c ~.q..e ~._ . .~:c.ee . ~ e . e .¸c e:
~e.e.cee. ~e.e.¸ce: ~e.e.ce~e~
. ..:ce q ee . . ..:c e q e ~e ~ .q:~ _~e: ~e¸:.
_~ .e .
~¸,.e: ¡ ... :~_e¸,.e.e ~e... ._e:.¸c e:e|
. ~¸, .e:e ee ¸_e ¸....e . c c ~ .e: e ..e e._e:,
~.,:~ ¡.q:e~ .e:e . .e ~.eq ~:.~ .q:~~ , e:
qee. ee: e~.._~..e~ ~.c~.e..e qee.
Opportunities .e .~:c..e: ¸.e:.~:c .. .¸_.e.e:
eee ·., ~. ~ .:._~e: q ee.
~.. ~e~ e~ ~ ~e¡ ~.:~:._ec ._. _~:_e.
.c .q.._~..q.~:._ec ._. .e:c ee ~q e: ~:._ec
._. _e_eee. .q:.~:c..e,._. _e_eee.
.e: .e. e .~¸:c..:..e~ . e . eec.:ee .
..e: ~._~:c.~.e|c..ee.,e e~.._~..e~
oe' .e|. .e.cce._. .~ee. .e.~ ·¸qe
._. .~ee. .e.~ cc.cq. ·¸q_e._e,qc._.
~e:e : .~ e.o:c. c ee. ~. . e~ . . _~.e¸¸ ..e
.e:q _~e:.e| ~· ., e:.e: .~:~ e e .e ¸ ~c .·qe .¸
e ., ., e ,:e_ ~.e: _~ .ee .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¸· ¸· ¸· ¸· ¸·
_ec .e ~.e: . .· e .~,:e_ _~ .ee . ~.eq~:.
~.e: e¸:.eee¸. .~ .¸e..:eec._e_~..~.~,~
e:.ee .e.. ~ .·e: ee, .e . .,:~_e ..e:
~e~ c e . .,:~ ...e_:·~e : ,:e_ _~.e: q ...
ee. ·¸,.e:e~c.~.|_~..e~ oee,._~..e.e|.
~cc ._ . .~ ee . ¡ee:e:.ee ~ ~.~ . .. e:.ee ~
~._.. e_:.~:c . cc .¸c qc Straight A _ee qee. A
.e .¸_ .e. B, C, D e|.:qc .~e.·.. Be|qc.e:c
e_~¸~ · .. A, Straight A . ..'ee. A .e .¸_ .e .B, C,
D e|.:qc .~e.·.. B e|qc.e:c e_~¸~ · .. A,
Straight A...'ee. A .e e,.e.,e:. .| ~_ec . .
~ee .e q. e:.
.. e e_.:.e~. . .~:. e ee. e : cc _e..e: e
.e: .~:c _~¸.e:._e. e:.ee ~ .:..¸c ee. . q qc . e|
.e: .M.A. :.e~ .¸c ee . e|.e: . ·:.:e: Straight
A q,qee. ee.| Ph.D .:.e~.¸cee.qc e_.:.
e~..~ M.A e: Straight A qqee. e:.ee~
~...:~o .e:c .. ee . ~¸,e e~ ...e ~._ .
A.e .e:c.e|ee. .|.eee e:.ee ..:~ .e: e_ec .
o,·..e|. e:.ee~.e: .e:.e:... _ec.o,ee.
.|.eee o..¸,e~¸.e: . ¸e:, . . e:.ee ~
o..¸, .q .. .e.. ~ o .¸, . ._ . q ee. ~e ~ c e
~ o..¸,.._. qee. ee,.e.e .~:,e.e
¸¡ ¸¡ ¸¡ ¸¡ ¸¡ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
~..qc ~e.e.,e:.eqee. ee.e ~.eq~,e:
e¸~e ._ eq:.e: q ee. ~.eq ~:.e : University ~
.ee:.q ee.
ee . ~ Private University ~ . · e:e e:.ee
e .e.. e .,:~ University oI CaliIoria e ~ .|.e ~
Private University.e . .~ ee .._ .q _ . _e . ~ . · e:
. . q qc ~.eq ~, . e .e .q. eq.c ~e_ .~ e_ o:.
e:.
.e:.. ~ e|e e . e_:. ~.~ _~ ... .~:c ...
e. e~...._. ~.~_~... ....e:...e.
.|._~:c e University ~.eq~:. .eoe: Ivy League
~e ¸cc e~. . e¸:.. _e . q ee . . eee .:.. Ivy .e:
. e '. .q .~¸e e~ . . .e ~ ~ ec .. , .e ~e ~ . e .e
,q .ee : e~ .,e ~e ~ ~ .. .q.~¸_e . .~ ee .qc e
e~ . . .e~ Ivy League e~. . .e. ..'ee.
· - e ee . .q:e
Ivy League e~ . . ~o ~
e ..e ce e:..c ec e ~ce~e:..e ~ League
eec. ..'ee. e~...~¸:c..:..¸c.~ee Ivy
League e~ . . ~ . .e cee e:.eee c . ~ Ivy
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ·c ·c ·c ·c ·c
League eec.e. ~ec.qc.q:_.c.~ ~.:..e.ee.
e~ . ..e ....q:c.e .e .c . c q e:~ .e ~
· - ee · .. ~ ec ._e . ~.~ _~.e:~ · - ee:.
e_:.q.e: ..e.,
._ ~.~ee¸:. ..e.,
eq qc e_:.q.~ qe .,e :e . ·:. . . .e: .q: .e:.e:
~ ._e:_e ._e . Science q¸ ~,~~.e:e~. e_:e_._
~_e ee . e .e~ ._e:c ...,ee. ._e:c .. .,..: ~._.
~.,~qeqe_ ._e:c.. .,..: ..·:eq:.~ ~e . ~ e
~e ~ ~_eee . ..e.,~ . ~e ee .
ee,_.~:._ec e_:. e..·:~ ..· :ee e .
. .~¸:~ .¸o:.. eq· .. . :..,qee e¸. . :..,e:~
. .e.,. ..e.,eq · .,. eq· .. . ,~._e:e ,:e_
.~¸: e~ . . _~ ..e o e . ..e . e:~ ~ . e :,:e_ _~ .
e:. . e . e : . .e.,.e ~ ee e _~ .. ..e.,._ .
~e¸:._~ .. e .,e:. . .e.,. e . c .~:c Iacilities ._ .
_e_ e ee. e ~ . ._ .q ee . .,:~ _e ..e: . .e.,~
~:..e...: ee c, .~¸c ~._.~.,._. q ee.
·. ·. ·. ·. ·. e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
..e.,~ ~:.e.e...: eec,.~¸c._~:c ..e
.,:~ ~¸, qe . e e c ._e_ .e ~e¸:._~ .e . ~.~:c .. .,e ,:
~ ,q:.. eq:.cc..·:~q.e: ..e.,qee ._e:
e:e . .|.eee e_:q c .e~ .e .¸ce:.e . eq· ..
.q:_e, ._e:ee .,: . .e .¸c e:.e . eq· .. . e .e.¸c
e:~ .: . e _~qe ~e ~ . .e.,ee c, .~¸c q:. c ., .
eeq:e_e_ e ~e~ . .e¸: e .e~.c ...:~ ee .
e~·..
.,~._e:e e~.._~..e~¸.e: ~e.e.¸c
e: ~e.e. ~ee:.qc ~e.. ~ee,qc ~ee.
~ . . . e :.,e , ~e e :.e: . .·:c _~ . e¸~ e ..~:c .e:
·e e_:q c e e. e e|· .. . .e ~ . ~ .e.ee . .e.,e¸¸ .
·e.e e.e _~·.. . .·:c._ . ~~¸¸.qee e e._ .
~~¸¸.qee ~.|e¸¸..: .e_~ee. e~...e~._ .
~ .|e¸ ¸.e .~ . ee . .·:c~q ~o , .~.~¸:c ..e q e:
e .
c|.e .¸c e:. e ee . e e~:.~ e_.~e .e ee e e|
· .. .·:c~o , .~.~¸:c ..e q ee . ~e¡ ~.:
~o , .~.~¸:c ..e q ee . ~o .._ec e_:q c .e _~:.e :
Renaissance ..eo o,..e..:e Humanism .e
~e¡~.: q ee. _eee q eq:. ~e¡ ~.:. ...¸:
.~:c ·:.:_e, . c e|ee.
.,:~ e_:ee e_:e , . e:~ .q: . ,~._e:e
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ·¸ ·¸ ·¸ ·¸ ·¸
~oe: e|ee. Character e eee.e: e|.:e
~e~ e_:qc~e_~ .¸~e. o,.o:...qee.
~e~e~ eo,..cqc .~ e_:qc~ eee·.. .¸
.·:c~~ o,..~¸:c.e . e: qee. .~:c .ee.
~...e.e: .~:c.ee.
.q: .,~._e:e ~o
e: e|_e.. e_:~ .e.¸_.
,._. eq·.. eee.¸_.,._. eq·.. ~.¸~~.~
.e ~e¸:._~..e:, ._ . eq· .. wisdom. e e_:._
judgement .._ee.cee.. e,e,~,~, .._ee.cee..
..'ee. e_:qc e : e ,e , ~, ~, . ._ee . c e e .q qee.
~.. e · ¸.e¸¸ ..:.¸c wisdom ..'e e_:q e · ¸. e¸¸ .e .
·e..:~o o,..e....e: ~e:.~¸:,e,:
qe|ee. ~-_e¸e..ee,.~ _~_e|.:.. ~.| Chain
Reaction . e: _~:.e .ee .,: . Chain Reaction ~ .¡,c
. . e ..:~ ~e_ .~ .:e . ., .o e : _ee .,_e . .|.eee
~...e:..e| . . . Atom~ . _.:.. ~e~.|e : o~.:
e Energy ~ chain reaction ._~:c ~cee,_~.e:.e
·, ·, ·, ·, ·, e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
reaction q.cee . e:~.e: .¡,c ..:~~e_.~
.|.eee e ._~ .. .e e ~.e: ee.c e~q...e:.e| .
¡ee:.e|.e:. e.,.ec.~ ec,ee.c~ ·~e.
q .e:.~ ...ee: . e:_~:_e . ~ .|~ ...~_ee
.ee~¸.e: .e.e|c.e¸:.e:_~:e:. ..e chain reac-
tion ..·:~.,_e..e: ~.. Uncontrol release oI
nuclear energy ._e..e: e._~._ee.~:c ~e~.e:
~.¸ ,eqee.
~.|~ ·¸:e, ~._. . ee.ce¸. ·¸e, ~._.
.ee . e e , . e particle ee. ~ .e ¸.~ ·¸e, . .~
._ . e..·..,: . ~ . .e: . ee~e :ee _~ .~ _ee .,_e .
..e._. e.q,eee.~e ..e.,.ee.~.e.
.e: .e: .q ..q:~.,_e .
~.|.e~ eee:.:~._. _~e.e.,ee.
·¸e, e~ .e .e ~._ . _~ e . e .,ee . . e ~.qe . c c .e
~¸.e: e.e e ·.. .|.eee . ~e c ..: . e o:..q qc
.e: ee ., ~. q:e _ee . c ee ~e .,_e . . .e: Sci-
entist _~..ee : .,._e:e judgement _e.,: .e'.:
ee . e_:q c _~ .e¸:.e e . .e ~e¸:._~ .... c e e ._~ .
_eee :~.e: . e e..:.·.. e.e .~·.. .e .e.e.
. ~ ..: ~q:_~ .~., ·:e ~~¸¸ .e_ee .._~e :_ee e
~e ~ .~:c ~ ._~ee .
.|.eee . .:_e . . e ~.¸c ..¸c . ~.~~.e
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ·, ·, ·, ·, ·,
~ q ee... ee e.: . e .,_e . ·¸e, ._. .e .,_e .
e~.e .e ,:e .e.~ o e:.: ~- _e¸e ..q:~ . :.qc
~e:_~ .c|.e|. .e :~ . e ee. . .e: .e ~.qe ee:ee
.e ~ ._e:.¸ , e, _e . .e: e ~oe oe .¸c .¸ , _e . oe . .
,e.e.e_:q c _~ ..e ~ . e oe :. ~_~_ _ ¸. . ~.~¸:
_~:.. . ...e:. ~_e_ ~.. e|.e:~ ~ c ee c .~
_ ee. ~._.~.,.e: . . q e|ee. .c e¸:..:.._e:e|
. .e: e e|.e:~ ~ c ee c .~ .e e_~ . , ee ~ .:.._e:e
~e¸:._~ ..¸, _e . ~c .... e e ee e._e:qc e_ee .e: · .. _e .
.:.._e:.e: e , ee e¸~. ._e¸..:.ee .
~. e: .ee|.:_e. _-_~.e e ·¸._eee~e~
ee e.¸. ~ · , ......,~ ,~ . e _e ..e: . . . qc .|_~ .
.~:c _ec e ~e ~ ·:~.~ ~..e q . . _e ..e: e e .e .
e e e e ~¸ e . e_~e:. Manhattan project . ..'ee.
~¸, .e: e ~ . · e:e~. . e : . e . :.ee. ~.e :
e:.e . (Fermi) .e ~e:.¸ , e.e.e_:q c _~.~._ .
e . . , q¸ e~ .e .~:~ ~ o ~ ._e._e . .q:~.,ee .
~~:...¸:e:.e|.
~. .e: e e:.e ., e, _e . .e _~e:. . .e: lab oe:
experimental scale _ee e ~.e: ·¸:e, ._ . . e ee ee .
·¸e, ._ . . e ee ee . . ,. ._e:e e~e e ._~ ._ee .~:c
.e e ~e~~¸.e: ¸., e ~ . .e ~, ee . ¸¸, Engi-
neering .eeeqee. ..e: ~.~.¸,~e:.e.qc
·¸ ·¸ ·¸ ·¸ ·¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
~._.e:.eq: _e ¸c .,_~e:.
·¸:e, ·¸e, ~·.e ~.eq~, .~e~
~_e ¸c . e .,e:. ~ . e : ·e. _ee .:... .¸e ..:e .
Engineering .~:c .e . ~ . . .eq. ~.eq ~:.~ . :
eee¸:..:_e. . ~qc q. :.e:. . ..: . ,._e:..
e_:q c e¸:.e e .¸c .¸ , _e . ~ e o:.e:. e._e:qc e_ee · ~e :
~ ~. q:e _ee _e. .e e _~_ .e:e ,ee ~ ._e:e:.
.|.e:c e .|_~ ._ee . e ._~ . . .e.._~e ~.| .e¸:e¸:.
e : e ee.¸e ..:_~q :·.. ~ c ee c .~ ...:.:..q:
e e e.¸e ..:q :· .. . . e ~¸, e . .e ._ .e e e.¸e ..:· ..
e_:q c e ._ e_:q c e .ee. e: ~.|~ ._e:
e:. e_:q c e q ¸ ~. e .:q~ .e.e e¡ , _e_ ee e:
~ ._e:e:. e,~,..: . ._ee. c ee. .e: .e: ~.q._~ .
e ~e e .
~¸, .e:e .q...:~ .e: eeq:.e e.¸e..:e
~ e.e.~e~e~ ...:~~ ~~¸¸.e_e¸·.ocqc
e.e · .. ~.|.e q ee. ~.|.e o, .. e .qee.
e_:~.e'e : e_:q c
~.e'e: ·e. ..·:o:.
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ·c ·c ·c ·c ·c
e|.. .e: ¸., ~ .q:._e:e~oe: e|_e._e. e_:
.e: .e:q..: ~.~:c...~q_~... ._q..:
~.~:c...ee~c. ._e:e~e~ e_:~ ¡.oeo:.
qee . ...e:.qee . q :.e qee . ~:..e.qee . .|~
e_:.e'o:.e ..·:o:.e|. .|.eee .,~._e:e e_:
.e:~ ..e:_ecoe:qe: eee·.. .oe:qe:.
.. e: e_:.e.. .q:.e| . e_:qc .e|. ·¸e, e : e_:
.e.. ee .e:~ e: ee . ccc ..'.: q ee. ~. .e:
~.c ~e, . ·e..:~ _ec... e: _~_ .e: .
~e¸:..c| G.N.P o~ _ec ee. _e ..e: .e:~_ec
allowance .e .e.e: q ...ee. q .e: .q:·:. :..e¸
.. . qc ee .~ Iamilly allowance ¸e .:.e eqe ,
e .:.e e . e .:.e q e ~e ~ .e:~_ec . c c .e: ~ ..:c .
.e.e:. .,:~ ¸~...eq e. e:.. c , childern allowance
e . ~.| ·:~ ... .e ~ .e._~_ e ~.|
e.:.eeqe._ .e¸¸ ~e¸¸._. qee. ·¸e,._
e.·:.:.cc_eee~e~ ~e~e~ .e.~¸.qee.
~,_... .e.e:~e:qee. .~ .~¸:c..q:_ee_e.
~.e ~.e .e.~¸..,qe~e ~ ~ . ~.e ~.e~e ~
e| .e.ee e¸.
.,:~ _e ..e: e .c e ~....e . ee:.e ~....e .
.:e~.|~¸.e: ~...eqe Children allowance ~
.~ee. Allowance . e e¸¸ ..e.ee . e . ·:.:eq:.,
·¸ ·¸ ·¸ ·¸ ·¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
_e,_~_ee. ~..:c..e: .~¸.ec.._e:.:.e eq:.
~¸. e ._ _e .e:c .~ ._. .e qe|._. _e .e~ ._.
.¸qe|._. _e.e:c..ee:~ ~e~e .e.~¸.e:.
_e.e.¸e:~ .:..e.. e·.:eq:..e:, _~_.e:
e:e:ee¡e_:, _e .e:c ..eee. ee .|q..·.e:~
_e.e .¸e:. . ~o e·.:eq:., _.,ee . . e c ._e_
e.¸e..: . . c e| e.:.. e.~:c .. ~ eq. .~:c ..,e:.
sense
.q: .,~._e:e
~oe: e|.:._e. e_:.
._ e : q e ¡e :~ . . e .e.qee . ¡¸ e . e, .e:ee e · ..
._e:ee . .q: ~ ~e e e¸:.e¸:.q.eee .q:~ e:.e.e
.~:c .eqee . _e . ¡ ¸e e, ... ee e · .. e~e e_:ee q ¸
..·:~ ee_ q¸ ..·:.·:c~ ._e . ~.~:c .. .
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ·· ·· ·· ·· ··
o ~ . c .~:c . . e .e.qee . .~e ~ ¸ee ¡ ..¸c .
·, ee~e , individual attention .e.. cqee.
~ eee_ ~ ~ e.~:c..~:c . . qee. ~.
ee.|e.. _eeeee:~ .q:~ .~¸:c..:.~e.·..
.~¸:c..:.~._. e~. . ~_~ ._~ ..e~¸.e: ~e
.q:~ e ~~ , e. ·.. .q:.e ~ ~e¸:._~ .. .~¸:c ..:.
.e ~ ~e¸:._~ .. .e: .q:.,_~ee. .q:e ..e ~.
qc e|.e:~ ~ ·- o.ee .~¸:c..:.~ ..~:c e:.e:
.e:e|ee. ..~:c ,_.,_...|._~.ee. ..~:c
e:.e:.e: e| .e|c..c ..~ . .q. _ ee . . ~o . e:.
ee_ ~ . ~e.¸~.e e| ~~ , _e_ .e..,e:.
. ..·:.e q ee. . .e: individual~ .e.ee ee e
.~¸:~e¸:. e , e¸:...... .. .. c qee . mass produc-
tion , e_:~ oe. eq·.. . .,qee. ~.| ~¸,.e:e
e c ._e_e : _ee qe ~._~:c .~.e: ~._~:c..e|c .e¸:.e :
q e ~,~ .q:.e . _:, ~¸e:. ._e:.¸c e:~.e: .q:
.~¸:c ..:.~.¸¸¸ ~. , ~., _~ . .,ee .
.q:e _~¸. e: ._e:ee .,: . ~,_ .. .~ ._e:ee
.,:. .q:ee.e:~ .~¸:c..:....q: .ce .ee.
~. .¸¸e~, e:.c qe ·c.e ·:.e .q:~e .ee.
.~¸:c..:.~e¸:._e. .q:~ ,_..,ee.
·¸e,_e_.q:~e~.|e: ~.¸¸..e~.e: ~:_~
ee e¸ ee . , ee . . oe _ee e e ~¸¸ e~ . . . ~¸.e:
·¡ ·¡ ·¡ ·¡ ·¡ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
.q:.~¸:c..:.~.¸ ¸.~ .q:ee .~¸:c ..:. q e .e:~ e¸.
.q:ee.e:~._ .~¸:c..:.qe.e:~ .cqee.
~.ee c . university c|....|.e ~¸.e: .q:ee .e:~
~ .~¸:c ..:....e ..:~ .c ee . . c ...ee .
.q:e ..e~ _e, e:_e_ e: .q:ee .e:~
.~¸:c..:. ....e. e...·.. o,..c...ee. 1 to
400 . qc .e: e¡ .e:._~_ ... ~..~¸:c..:. .q:~.¸¸ .
._ .~.q._~.ee. .~¸:c ..:..q:~.¸¸ .~ ._e:e ~.|e :
·:o_ ._e:... qc e~. ..eq¸ size e~. ..e
e : .~¸:c ..:.¡ ..q ·e ..:~q _e . . _e ..e:. ~ .e :
._ . ~¸, .e: e ~.,, ~ ee ¸_e ¸......:. c c e e|. _e.,:
_~¸qe:.
.q:e ·¸e, ~ . :.e¡ ~.|~ .q: e~. . e :
.~¸:c ..:. ¸ .o:c ~., c .o:c o q ee. e~ . .
eee · .. .~:.e ·c~. Tokyo . ~_~... univer-
sity e : ¸ .o:c e q ee. _e..e: .q: ~ .e.ee.
ec .. e : .~¸:c ..:..e ~e¸:._~ .q q~.:., ec. .~:. e
~ e~... ·:. e..'e:.e. ~.. ~.e..qe.
ee.
.e.~ ~,.eo:.ee. .e e~..
~:.. . e¸e .e¸¡ ..q , .o:c ¸ .o:c ..:~ e q ee.
e ~¸¸ , ~_.:.e~ . . ~,_ .e ~.: .~¸:c ..:...:c .
.~¸: q e:. .¸e ..:e:.e: . :.._e:e.,, . ~. ..:~
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¡c ¡c ¡c ¡c ¡c
e~..~e¸:._~.~ c|..o:c..:~e .~.ee.
~,.eo:.ee. .e~.. Standard q ¸ e~¸.~:c .
.~¸:c ..:.¡ ..q ~, .eo:.ee.
control
qualtity control
Qualtity ~ control
.ee:. .¡..q~ control
.ee:. eee·.. ~.e: ~.|.qc e~..cc.c
~._~:c . ,:.._..:~ _e. ·¸e, e~ . . e : ¸., ~ . e
e_:.q.e,e ~e_~ Higher Secondary ..'e:.e| .
.¸ e,.. ~. .¸ e,.e : ~o ~ ~.~~. ~ .~:c . :.
e:. ~~¸~, . eq · .. ~ . .e: . e ~ .· . e . ~e_ .~
Higher Secondary _e ._e. .. ~¸, .e: e . e:.e.e _~ ..e
·:.e ee.,e: eee·.. Grade , .e..~e:.A,B,
C,D . _e ..e:. ~.e: .~¸:c ..:.~ ~ e ~q_ ~.¸c .
~e.ee. e_~¸.e:.e.~ B .e C .e q.,.q:.
_~ ¸.e:.e .~:c ~ A Completion e,e ..'ee.
~..e: Grade e,e._e:e~.|e: ~¸,.e:e
_e, e:_e_e: .e.. , .o e.. q ee. e:.e.e eo:.· com-
pletion e,e, o:..qqc .~¸:c..:..e .e.e~,e:
¡. ¡. ¡. ¡. ¡. e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
.e|e. e: ... qc e:.e.e eee·, Grade , ., e¡
.e .,e ~._.. e_:.c e,e .e..,e completion e,e .
.~.~ , . ~e,., ~.¸, complete _ee .:.e . e,e ~
~.eq~:.._. ~¸c..ee. ~·.,._. ~¸c..ee.
_ec.e ._. ~¸c . .ee . ¡.q:e . c c .e ~~,~¸c . .
ee. ·¸e,._. ~¸c..ee.
e.e_~ e.e_~. .e| . . ,~._e:e .·:c ~o , .
~~ e ~ .:ee. e,~ _e, ~e, .ec e:.e.e _~. eq .
c| .e'. ~ ee. qc ec.o ~ .:. e ee C D. _~¸.e:.qc
ec . A o~ee. e~ .|e oe.e..~ee. ec.~.e
..¸:~e ~.|~¸.e: ~.e q c .e ~._ . A eqqc ee
·..e|. ~.e: .¸ .·:c,..
.~¸:c ..:.ee .e:~._ ~.c _ec _ec e.~:c qc
. ee.e:~e_. ~q~eee·.. e.:.eq¸ ~q~.
. . _ec _~ee.
e e ee . .~:c ._e
~. ~e e .e, e~. .
.:.. q_e..:.. .e: eq...·.. e~. . ~ Entrance
cc . c e:.e.e .~ .~ ..'qee . e ~¸¸ e~ . . cc .¸c qc
cc . c ._eqee . e ~¸¸cc .¸c qc e ~¸¸ cc . c cc ._e.
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¡¸ ¡¸ ¡¸ ¡¸ ¡¸
~ .:~:cc .¸c qc ~ .:~:e : cc ._eqee.
.|e ee e e · . ~e c e~. . .e q ...ee .
cc ._e. qee . ~ . cc . c e:.e.e ~ .~:c ,, . . .ceq ·..
~eee oe.e.ee. Roll No ·e ..:~, ~e e ·e
..:~ ~.|e . ~ e ~ ~ . ~o~.:e ~e e ~ _~_ _e .
.¸ , qee .
c| e ~ ¸¸cc .¸c qc c| ~e e , ~ ~ e| e.:.. e_ee · ..
oc ee. e_ee qc e ~¸¸ .e: .~._e :~ . ~ _e . ~¸¸e e¸:.
qe.:.. ~ .:~:e¸:. qe.:.. _e. ~ .. . :._~ee .
. ·:.: ..·:c,_., o, .o:.e:. .|_ec qc eee
·.. e~¸¸e ..¸cee..e: ·:.e...qc .,:~
ee.| _e, ._e.
~. .e: ecc qe.¸c . ._e. qee e e eo:.· . ~ .
. . e.~¸,e qc _e,._e. . ·:.:. _~¸ .e:.e:~ ·e.
~e cceee·.. .q:.e:c ._e:e.ee. .·:.:.
e .o.~:c .. ~:..o:c ·e . e ~, e.¸·.. . . :.e
~.¸ ,e, .~ ee .e e: e~ . . cc .c ..¸:~ e . ¸ ., .
..:~ q ee . e~. . .e cc . c qe: ee ., .e q ee .
~¸,e ....,.~ cc.ceq·.. ~eeee..
eqe..e~ _e,_~¸.e:.qee. .,:~ee.e _e,
._e. .|e eee cc . qe e~ . . ~ cc .
~e :e : ~. . ~¸c .._~e: e¸:.ee .
ee..e:qe:.e|... .e.e:~ .q.eq:.e
¡, ¡, ¡, ¡, ¡, e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
~e¸:._~. qee. .q:e.:..¸,~ ec._e_~¸e_e_'
e~ . ..¸_.e ·¸e,e : ,cc .~¸: q ee. ·¸¸, e:
.~:. e .e._ . ~e¸:._~ .q ee. ~.~ .e .e_:.~¸:c .
.e ._. ~e¸:._~ .q ee. ee . eq ee . .q .. c ee.
~.eq ~, _e_ e :. qc .q:e e_:.c e .¡¸¡ . . e~
,e..e:~ _e ¸¸oe : e~ . . ~.c qe .~¸:c . .. . q
ee . ee _e_. ..e: e._e:, .
.¸e ..:_~e:~ .. . .e: .,q:e~:e : . e .e ~
e.. .:.~e... eq·..
. .e: ~ e ~., ~ e ., e, , ._. .e _~qee .
_ee. c e:.e~ ~eeqee. e o c .c e:._. eoc
e qee .
~e:e: .ee¡.e_.~e~~e LiIe Long Edu-
cation. e e~:.~ . .ee . e c ._e_ ee _e_ ~e ~ ._ .
LiIe Long Education q qe:e. .. e:~ e_:.q.e:
~. .eq . e_:.q._e¸_ec eo ce :._. ~. .eq . ~_eee .
_~ ¸.e:._e¸_ec eoc _~e_ .,e e, , ~¸ee.
e_:.q.e: ec._e_~e~ ~.~:c... qc...
_e¸e . e . e ..·:. e_:. e:e :~..e ~ee .e
~¸e .~¸c e.e ~_ec e e o:...·:o:..e e:q e ..·:
.e _ee e qeq:..e e|ee. e ..,~_ec e_:.e._.c .
._ ~_~.e:.. ...: . ~¸c ce .¸e:c, . e .e.¸~.
~ .|.e ~.e: ·e e c ._e_ ~e ~ e. ·e ..e e :_ee _ee
e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: e_:q ¸..·: ¡, ¡, ¡, ¡, ¡,
e.e:~_e, e , ~,e .e :.e '' .e _ee ee .
e_:.ce. e_:.c .e.. .. |_e_:,.~ _ _~.
.e ~:.. . ~_e_ e e .e:. ¸'' _ee _~qc ~_e_
..|.e:.¸' _ee_~ee . . ~e,eq:.~ ._. ~e :e_:.q.
.ec .~ oc oc q :.q :. _e_e ..:.e|. .ee _e . _e¸~ .e:c
_ec. c e e .e _~ ¸.e:._~qe :.
..c. ._e:_e.¸cee. .¡¸· ..e e....
.~:. e ~ e. ...e~. . _ee e . e e : .q: . .¸c....
eee . ee. ee. e~ . . ,,.'' . e . .¸c ..
¬¬ . ,, ¸.¬, ..¸¸ .±. ,, ¸. ¸¬¸
.¬. .,.¸ ...¸ ¸.¬ . , .¬.
_¬¸., ¸. . , .,¸.¸ ¬ .... ¸.¸¸. ..¬ .¸
¬ ...¬ . .. .±.¬ ¬¸ ¸- ..¸ ..¬
¬¸.. ¸ ¸ . .. ¸¸ . ¸. ¬¸
. ·¬ ¸ _¬¸ .¸. . ¸ , .¸ .¸. ¸ ..,
¸·, , ¸ ¸ ¸ ± _¬.¬ ¸_¬ .. .¸¬.¸ ¸
¬¬ . .¸ .. .¸¬.¸ ¸ ¬¬ . .¸ ¬,
_.¬ ± ¸¸ ¸ , ¿, ¬. . ¬¸
¬ ¸¸ ¬ ¬. ¬ ¬¬ ¿ ¬¸ ¸¸ .. ..
¬¸¸ .. ¬ ¸¸
.±. ¸ . . ... . ¬ , _¬ .¸ ¬ . _¬ .¸· .
.· .¸ _¬¸ . ·¬., ¬ .¬.¬¬ . ¸¸'' ¬
¡¸ ¡¸ ¡¸ ¡¸ ¡¸ e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c
e~ . ..·:c e_:.·:c.e e|ee. .q:
e _~_ e e|ee.
e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c e~..·,..c

Related Interests