# CE-632 Foundation Analysis and Design

Lateral Earth Pressure
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shear strength properties properties. Amit Prashant Lateral Earth Pressure  Lateral earth pressures are a function of type and amount of wall movement movement. weight of soil and drainage 2 .Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.

Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr. Amit Prashant Lateral Earth Pressure  Lateral Earth pressure is a function of wall movement (or relative lateral movement in the backfill soil) 3 .

.Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr. z. is: σ v Coefficient of earth p pressure at rest. (No Lateral Movement) ′ = K oσ v ′ +u σh u = pore water pressure Elastic Solution: ν Poisson’s Ko = 1 −ν ratio 4 . Amit Prashant Lateral Earth Pressure at Rest   ′ σv ′ Ko = σ h ′ = q + γ ′z The vertical al stress at any depth.

1979)  ⎡ PI (%) ⎤ K o = 0. 1982 K0 = (1 – sin φ’).OCRsin φ’ Pc OCR = σ 'o 5 . 1965 K0 = 0. 1944) K0 = 1 – sin φ’ For fine fine-grained grained. normally consolidated soils (Massarch (Massarch.95 – sin φ’ For overconsolidates clays K o (OC ) = K o ( NC C ) OCR  Mayne and Kulway.42 ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ 100 ⎦  Brooker and Ireland. Amit Prashant Coefficient of Earth Pressure at Rest  For coarse coarse-grained grained soils (Jaky (Jaky.44 + 0.Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.

Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr. Amit Prashant Rankine’s Theory: y Active Earth Pressure 6 .

Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr. Amit Prashant Rankine’s Theory: y Active Earth Pressure 1 − sin (φ ′ ) φ′ ⎞ 2⎛ Ka = = tan ⎜ 45 − ⎟ 1 + sin (φ ′ ) 2⎠ ⎝ Depth D th of f Tension Crack 2c′ zc = γ Ka 7 .

Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr. Amit Prashant Rankine’s Theory: y Passive Earth Pressure 8 .

Amit Prashant Rankine’s Theory: y Passive Earth Pressure 1 + sin (φ ′ ) φ′ ⎞ 2⎛ Kp = = tan ⎜ 45 + ⎟ 1 − sin (φ ′ ) 2⎠ ⎝ 9 .Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.

Amit Prashant Rankine’s Theory: y Special p Cases Submergence: ′ +u σ h = K aσ v ′ = σv − u ⎡σ v ⎢ ⎣u = Pore Pressure β Inclined Backfill: Ka = cos ( β ) − cos 2 ( β ) − cos 2 (φ ′ ) cos ( β ) + cos 2 ( β ) − cos 2 (φ ′ ) Kp = 1 Ka Thrust β Inclined but Smooth Back face of wall: β w PA PA1 w PA1 is calculated for H1 height PA = W + PA1 PA PA1 H1 β 10 .Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.

Amit Prashant Rankine’s Theory: Special Cases Inclined Backfill with c c‘-φ‘ soil: β Thrust β ⎧ ⎫ ⎛ c′ ⎞ 2 ′ ′ 2 cos β 2 cos φ sin φ + ⎪ ⎪ ⎜ ⎟ γ z ⎝ ⎠ ⎪ 1 ⎪ Ka = ⎨ ⎬ −1 2 2 cos φ ′ ⎪ ⎛ c′ ⎞ ⎛ c′ ⎞ 2 ⎪ 2 2 2 2 ′ ′ ′ ′ − − + + 4 cos β cos β cos φ 4 cos φ 8 cos β cos φ sin φ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎪ ⎪ γ z γ z ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎩ ⎭ ( ) ⎧ ⎫ ⎛ c′ ⎞ 2 ′ ′ 2 cos β 2 cos φ sin φ + ⎪ ⎪ ⎜ ⎟ γ z ⎝ ⎠ ⎪ 1 ⎪ Kp = ⎨ ⎬ −1 2 2 ′ cos φ ⎪ ⎛ c′ ⎞ ⎛ c′ ⎞ 2 ⎪ 2 2 2 2 ′ ′ ′ ′ + − + + 4 cos cos cos 4 cos 8 cos cos sin β β φ φ β φ φ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎪ ⎪ γ γ z z ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎩ ⎭ 11 ( ) .Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.

Amit Prashant Coulomb’s Theory: Active Earth Pressure  Wall Friction:  Coulomb’s theory underestimates Active EP 12 .Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.

Amit Prashant Coulomb’s Theory: Passive Earth Pressure  Wall Friction:  Coulomb’s theory overestimates Passive EP 13 .Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.

Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr. Amit Prashant Coulomb’s Theory: y Solutions 14 .

Amit Prashant Culmann’s Graphical p Method: Active EP δ = Wall friction B E E4 C1 C2 C3 C C4 θ E2 E1 E3 D D3 D1 D2 D4 A φ' ψ =90-θ-δ 15 .Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.

Amit Prashant Culmann’s Graphical p Method: Passive EP E1 δ = Wall f friction B C1 C2 E2 C E E 3 C3 C4 E4 θ A Earth Pressure ne Lin φ' ψ D1 =90 θ+δ =90D2 D D3 D4 16 .Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.

Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr. Amit Prashant Seismic Earth Pressure:by Mononobe Mononobe-Okabe Method Active Earth Pressure Wall movement Ԅ: angle of internal friction of soil θ: batter b tt angle l of f wall ll β kv W kh W H δ: angle of friction between the wall and the backfill Failure surface W φ F β: slope of the backfill top surface δ PAE θ ψ = tan −1 α AE kh ( 1 − kv ) and ψ ≤ (φ − β ) K AE = cos 2 (φ − θ −ψ ) 2 2 PAE ⎡ sin (δ + φ ) sin (φ − β −ψ ) ⎤ cosψ cos θ cos (δ + θ +ψ ) ⎢1 + ⎥ cos (δ + θ +ψ ) cos ( β − θ ) ⎦ ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ 1 = γ H 2 ( 1 − kv ) K AE Assumed to be acting at H/2. 2 17 .

Amit Prashant Seismic Earth Pressure:by Mononobe Mononobe-Okabe Method Passive Earth Pressure Wall movement β kv W H kh W Failure surface PPE δ W φ F θ αPE ψ = tan −1 kh ( 1 − kv ) and ψ ≤ (φ + β ) K PE = cos 2 (φ + θ −ψ ) 2 2 ⎡ sin (δ + φ ) sin (φ + β −ψ ) ⎤ cosψ cos θ cos (δ − θ +ψ ) ⎢1 − ⎥ cos (δ − θ +ψ ) cos ( β − θ ) ⎦ ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ 1 PPE = γ H 2 ( 1 − kv ) K PE 2 18 .Foundation Analysis and Design: Dr.