Alexsander Dugin FROM SACRED GEOGRAPHY TO GEOPOLITICS

This text appeared under the title "Ot sakral'noy geografii k geopolitike" in Elementy n. 4, and as the chapter 7 of "Misterii Evrazii" (Moscow 1996). --------------------------Trans. from the Russian original by M.Conserva --------------------------Geopolitics as "intermediate" science Land and sea Symbolism of landscape East and West in sacred geography East and West in modern geopolitics Sacred North and sacred South The people of the North The people of the South North and South in East and in West From continents to meta-continents The illusion of the "rich North" Paradox of the " Third World " The role of the " Second World " The project of the "Rising North" Geopolitics as "intermediate" science Geopolitical concepts became the major factors of modern politics since a long time ago. They are built on general principles allowing to easily analyze the situation of any particular country and region. Geopolitics in its present form is undoubtedly a worldly, "profane", secularized science. But maybe, among all modern sciences, it saved in itself the greatest connection with Tradition and traditional sciences. René Guénon said that modern chemistry is the outcome of the desacralization of a traditional science ? alchemy, as modern physics is of magic. Exactly in the same way one might say that modern geopolitics is the product of the laicizing and desacralizing of another traditional science ? sacred geography. But since geopolitics holds a special place among modern sciences, and it is often ranked as a "pseudo-science", its profanizing is not so accomplished and irreversible, as in the case of chemistry or physics. The connection with sacred geography here is rather distinctly visible. Therefore it is possible to say that geopolitics stands in an intermediate place between traditional science (sacred geography) and profane science.

softness. i. the latter of a capital and provinces on "common land".) Thalassocracy and Atlantism became synonyms long before colonial expansion of Great Britain or Portuguese-Spanish conquests. At the level of global geopolitical phenomena. vice-versa. that is the capital. thus. dynamics. etc. Already since the beginning of sea migrations waves. despite of the size of Northern America. excavations in Eastern Siberia and Mongolia prove that exactly here were the most ancient centres of civilization ? that is. Sea. and for mankind it is impossibile not to see in them some basic attributes of the universe. The maritime land is the island. (The above mentioned example of Japan is explained. by the stronger "attractive" effect of Eurasia. than on the basis of the peculiar typical consciousness of the population. These two elements are in essence the most obvious display of the material nature of the world. The former imply the existence of a mother country and colonies. fixity.e. i. And on the contrary. Earth. rather than the other way. they preserve their significance both for civilizations of a traditional kind and for exclusively modern states. time. As the two basic terms of geopolitics. Water is mobility. space as such. So the geopolitics of the US has an insular character.) The universatility of the experience of earth and water generates the traditional concept of Firmament. Symbolism of landscape Besides these two global categories ? Land and Sea ?geopolitics operates also with more particular definitions. gives birth to the ideas of " maritime land " and of "land water". the peoples of West and their cultures began their Eastward movement on from the centres located on the Atlantic. land. while insular Japan geopolitically represents an example of continental mentality. the central lands of the continent were the cradle of the Euroasian mankind. has the quality of territorial continuity. the celestial vault. Land is stability. Land and Sea generated the terms: thalassocratia and tellurocratia. The force of any state and any empire is based upon the preferential development of one of these categories. economic and geographical at the same time. Land water or water within land are the rivers.Land and sea The two primary concepts of geopolitics are land and sea. earth and water. They are also inside him: body and blood. the pole of thalassocracy. They stand outside of man: everything is heavy and fluid.e. since the presence of the Higher Waters (the source of rain) in the sky also implies the presence of a symmetric and necessary element ?earth. the pole of tellurocracy. there is a differentiation between sea and oceanic . the basis of maritime empire. which predetermine the development of overland empires. Through the experience of land and sea. It is important to notice that the status of Island and Continent is defined not so much on the basis of their physical magnitude. (The same happens also at a cellular level. " power by means of the sea " and " power by means of the land ". while tellurocracy to the East and the Eurasian continent. The sea ? here lies both strength and weakness of " thalassocratic power ". or "tellurocratics". gravity. One more detail is relevant: historical thalassocracy is linked to the West and the Atlantic Ocean. Empires are either "thalassocratic". peoples and ideological blocks. Anyway. by reciprocal superimposition of its elements.which creates an element of discontinuity. Ocean are in essence the major categories of earthly existence. This symmetry is symbolic. Just these two elements ?Earth and Water ? lie at the roots of human qualitative representation of earthly space. "Tellurocracy". The Mediterranean also did rise from Gibraltar to the Near East. Among thalassocratic realities. Just on the river is located the city. man enters into contact with the fundamental aspects of his existence. But geographical and cosmological logics would at once complicate the seemingly simple scheme of this division: the pair "land?sea". In the case of "thalassocracy" its territory is not unified into one land space .

for instance. but also at the same time the "place of demons". The tundra represents the northern analogue to the steppe and the desert. and so on). although the cold climate makes it much less significant from a geopolitical point of view. but not reaching the limit of supreme power (as it is in the case of mountains). This method can also be applied to the local features of the landscape at a level of single countries or even of single localities. Tellurocracy too has its particular forms. or on five ? thye number of elements. the threshold of a different world. or state will be identically subject to adaptation according to the local sacred-geographical context. as the"water" factor here is minimally present. which. It is even possible to say that in tellurocracies a mountain corresponds to some spiritual power. a civilization of the Desert and a civilization of Ice. its concrete embodying in such or such people.e. similarly to the mountains. magi. So it is possible to distinguish a civilization of the Steppe and a civilization of the Forest. are deeply archaic zones. The forest in sacred geography is close to the mountains in a definite sense. A hill is a dwelling place for a king. i. when we deal with universalistic ecumenical religion. More particular divisions exist also between river and lake civilizations. Mountains and the civilizations of mountains more often represent archaic. The logical combination of both concepts ? mountain as a hieratic image and plain asa regal image? became the symbolism of the hill. where to the future shaman the world beyond is opened out. fragmentary. East and West in sacred geography . while a typical example of the empire of Wilderness is the arabian khalifat. on the contrary. an emperor. linked to continents. No empire has its centre in mountain regions. The symbolism of the tree is related to the symbolism of the mountain (both the former and the latter designate the world axis). is the "place of the priests" (druids. Desert and steppes represent the geopolitical microcosm of the nomads. the idea of the conservation of the residuals of ancient races and civilizations on the mountans is shown in the fact that precisely on the mountains the sacred centres of tradition are placed. This "periphericity" reaches its apogee with ices. It is indicative that the eskimo shamanic tradition implies departing alone among ices. All capitals of large tellurocratic empires are placed on a hill or on hills (often on seven hills ? the number of the planets. Precisely in deserts and steppes the tellurocratic tendency reaches its summit. a count. including ether. religious and ethical ideology of the different peoples. Neither the forest zone can be the centre of the overland empire. there are concentrated the victims of the geopolitical expansion of other tellurocratic forces. On the other hand. The varieties of landscape in sacred geography are understood as symbolical complexes linked to the specificity of state. the sea civilization of the Black Sea or Mediterranean Sea are rather qualitatively different from the civilization of the oceans.formations. it is possible to define the various regions of the planet according to their sacred quality. Hence the so often repeated motive of sacred geography: "mountains are populated by demons". hermits). As an example of the empire of Steppe. It is also possible to trace the likeness of ideologies and traditions of the most (apparently) different peoples. one might consider the empire of Gengis Kahn.e. And even in that case. ices are a hieratic zone. in the event that the native born landscape is the same. Mountain countries not only are not sources of expansion. The empires of Desert and Steppe should logically be the geopolitical bridgehead of tellurocracy. insular powers and peoples dwelling on the shores of the open ocean. a civilization of the Mountains and a civilization of the Plains. Therefore in tellurocracies the forest also plays a peripheral function ? it.e. a small or average height. i. From these primary and most general characteristics of the geopolitical map. too. archaic residuals from a vanished past. Thus. race. arisen under direct influence of the nomads. i. The hill is a symbol of imperial might raising above the secular level of the steppe. So. but not for the priest.

between "western". Sacred geography on the basis of "space symbolism" traditionally considers the East as "the land of Spirit". East is the place where ascends. solar principle. is only focused upon the factual situation. in russian] is the place where the sun goes. campaigns. According to the Chinese tradition. where the eastern disposition of "Eden"is treated. understood and practised by the ancient peoples. West is "the empire of exile". So sacred geography univocally affirms the law of "qualitative space". wars. and the West is Yin. demographic waves. bright. Hindu and Iranian. leaving out of the frame the most sacred principles. the "lifeless world". From the point of view of natural symbolism. West is "anti-east". In this way. Thus the symbolic function of Cardinal Points often varies also. founded their centres of cult. Geopolitics in its original formulations by Ratzel. states the sacred formula of the ancient Egyptians. Of course this logicis was not absolute. Geopoliticians stared at the fact of a fundamental difference between "insular" and "continental" powers. Kjellen and Mackinder (and later by Haushofer and the Russian eurasists) just refrained from connecting the features of the different kinds of civilizations and states to their geographical disposition. the "green country" (as the ancient Egyptians called it). In the various traditions and in the various periods of these traditions. to Tradition. this idea is mirrored in the Bible text. cultural and political territories of the planet. dark. than it is agreed to esteem today. degraded and dying Spirit. from completeness to need. pragmatic logics of sacred geography. the land of a completeness. building of empires etc. the paradise land. degradation. East and West in modern geopolitics We shall observe how this sacred-geographical logics is mirrored in geopolitics. and interpreted the natural and "civilizational" features of geographical. in which the East represents the symbolic "ontological plus". Closer to West. and also to many non-abrahamic traditions ? Chinese. sacred logics and the following cosmic symbolism were much more consciously realized. It is the "country of death". etc. "progressive" civilization . the country of "zakata"[in russian]. and are awoken in the most relevant and critical moments of social cataclysms. at an "unconscious" level almost always archetypes of sacred geography are preserved in their integrity. being an exclusively modern science. the picture of sacred geography can vary according to the cyclical phases of development of the given tradition. the male. According to the given logics of natural cosmic symbolism. In particular. the female. the structure itself of migrations. and the same word "east" ("neter" in aegyptian) meant at the same time "god". "vos-tekeat" [in russian] the sun. from life to death. and the West the "ontological minus". possessing hierarchical characters ? closer to the East were those closer to Sacral. And even in our antisacred world. abundance. lunar principle. Not going deep into details. temples and edifices. Precisely such understanding is peculiar also to other abrahamic traditions (Islam and Judaism). was defined by the original. burial places. Light of the World. Along the East-West axis were drawn peoples and civilizations. to spiritual wealth. the Sacred "native land" in its fullest and most perfect kind.Cardinal Ponts in the context of sacred geography have special qualitative characteristic. West [Zapad. the East is Yang. transition from the manifest to the non-manifest. material symbol of Divinity and Spirit. those of a more decayed. it is possible to formulate the most universal law of sacred geography with reference to East and West. As a matter of fact. The West has the opposite symbolical meaning. but at the same time it was neither minor nor relative ? as it is today wrongly considered by many "profane" scholars of ancient religions and traditions. decay. "the pit of the rejected". "East is the mansion of the gods". which. the ancient traditions organized their "sacred space". where it "sinks down"[za-padaet]. according to the expression of Islamic mystics.

At the economic level.. "weltanschauung". Instead of economic modernization. are today positive terms for the majority of people) and the priorities of sacred geography. Instead of "democracy" and "human right" the East gravitates around totalitarianism. individualistic and humanist world views are prevailing.mercantile") order and "eastern " (= "supra-individualist ? based on force") order. geopoliticians left it aside. . when a rigorous sacred tradition existed there too . "human rights". that literally means "forward". from a pure typological. communist China. In this "atlantist" type the formula of "geopolitical West" found its most pure embodying Geopolitical East represents in itself the straight opposition to geopolitical West. Coercion at a social level in the West acquired only an economic character. In it are shown "pessimism". At the cultural-ideological level. «A typical pet phrase of the Americans. and the Law of Idea and Force was gradually replaced by the Law of Money. more often the state uses "moral" or simply physical coercion (Law of Idea and Law of Force). and at an economic level the concept of "free market. which became a dominant principle in the most western regions of the planet ?Northern America. whose only common feature is that the centre of their systems there is not the"individual". In the past century geopoliticians spoke about an "Anglo-Saxon kind of civilization" or about "capitalist. we shall see the direct contradiction between the priorities of modern geopolitics (such concepts as "progress".e. with the addition of the purely military. non-individualistic the societies ? from authoritarian monarchy up to theocracy or socialism. "cult of the leader" etc. The West is the centre of "material" and "technological" development. Russians usually repeat the word "nechego" [nothing] (in Russian in Kjellen's text ? A. shop-manufacturing type prevail. i. the first author to use the term "geopolitics". If we now return to the paradigm of sacred geography. Moreover. but something supraindividual. bourgeois democracy". priority is given to trade and technical modernization. "religion". "fatalism"and "adherence to tradition. The final picture is the following. Representative forms of such anti-western civilization were the USSR. It is curious to notice that Rudolf Kjellen. "idea". of "economic liberalism". archaic modes of production of corporative. here (in the "less developed countries") traditional. more modern terms. cultural and industrial development of Eastern and Western in the last centuries. "people". "contemplation". rather than through the concepts of "sacred" and "profane". and first of all the US. to this ideology corresponded the idea of "developed countries . preferring to evaluate the situation in different. around various types of social regimes.as it was. strategical integration of the different sectors of the Western civilization." all peculiar features of the East ». being the extreme form of the western pattern. Japan about 1945 or Khomeini's Iran. "resignation to superhuman force or superhuman idea". In the West theories about "progress". is defined today by the concept of "atlantism". The East opposed to western liberal democracy the most various types of nonliberal. "nation".D. there "liberaldemocratic" tendencies. socialism and authoritarianism. Gradullay a peculiar "Western ideology" was cast in the universal formula of "ideology of human rights". Since in general the question about Spirit in its metaphysical and sacred comprehension never arose in modern science. In it the interior and natural geopolitical optimism and "progressism" of the American civilization. "despotic" and "archaic" cultural forms. evaluating the various kinds of civilizations from a completely opposite point of view (concepts like "spirit". is mirrored. "mercantile order" etc. Geopoliticians established the major differences between political. "man" with his "rights" and his peculiar "individual values". the political specificity of this or that regime was secondary in comparison with the qualitative dividing between "western" (= "individualist . "liberalism".).and "eastern". At an industrial level. "progressive development of history" for the first time appeared. "evolution". in particular. ? wrote Kjellen ? is "go ahead". completely alien to the traditional Eastern world (and also to those periods of Western history. "contemplation". "traditional" and "antitraditional" etc. Instead of economic coercion. The whole aggregate of these features. supra-human ? be it "society". geopolitical point of view. illustrated the difference between West and East in this way. in the Middle Ages).

Even decayed traditions remembered this sacral. in polar areas there is one long semi-annual Day and one long semi-annual Night. purity. but also of time. on the one hand."ideocracy" etc. the difference between "artificial" and "natural" is generally rather relative. This Centre. This land was considered as the motherland of the bright god Apollon.South axis. the principles of sacred geography. in sacred civilizations were exclusively positive. as well as in all remaining cases. plurality.West axis. received a different name according to each tradition. Therefore the sacred determinism of North or South is nor just a physical. The most ancient and original layer of Tradition univocally affirms the primacy of North above the South. landscape-climatic factor (i. the Middle. to an original northern paradise. as Tradition never knew anything similar to carthesian or kantian dualism. Here. supernatural Cardinal North. something "objective") or just "idea". Immobile Pole. whose symbol is the Swastika (stressing both immobility and constancy of the Centre. of the angels. eternity. a space of eternal light. mixture. unity. "nordism". and each of its further manifestations only restored that primeval polarparadise symbolism. and in the idea of North. light. orientation axis ? the North . Islamic fundamentalists etc. often forgotten and become fragmentary. which either is naturally built up in the course of the historical process. the point where contrasts appease. the symbolism of cardinal points and the related continents. From the point of view of the "integral tradition". on the other hand. The ancient Greeks spoke about Hyperborea. something "subjective"). vertical. has its direct analogue in the geopolitical picture of the world.) evaluate the picture of the world from an opposite perspective than traditional sacred geography. and mobility and changeability of the periphery). from where the ancient arians were expelled by glaciation. privation. White Land laying in the far north.e. point of Eternity around which the cycle turns not only of space. which sent them Ariman. from where all human civilization originates. The symbolism of North relates to a Source. Even from the natural point of view. about a Sveta-dipa. It is the Day and Night of the gods and heroes. "concept" generated by the minds of such or such individuals (i. or is consciously and artificially formed as a result of purposely actions of the leaders of such or such geopolitical formations. but it was always directly or indirectly linked to the symbolism of North. including the northern regions as the dwelling place of "spirits" and "forces from . German followers of Haushofer. completeness. darkness.e. and so remain till now for the Eastern peoples at the level of "collective unconscious"). the archetype of North. Sacred North and sacred South Besides the sacred-geographical determinism on an East . of a nordic symbolism. Any sacred tradition honors the Centre. The basic idea traditionally linked to the North is the idea of Centre. North is the land where the sun never goes even at night. The ancient Veda too speak about the Northern country as the ancestral home of the Hindu. So modern geopolitics (except for Russian eurasists. spiritual. the northern island with capital Thule. But thus both sciences converge in the description of fundamental laws of the geographical picture of civilizations. an extremely relevant problem is represented by the other. Ancient Iranic and Zoroastrian texts speak about the northern country of "Aryiana Vaeijao" and its capital "Vara". natural. North is Cardinal Point chosen by the primeval Logos in order to reveal itself in History. the symbolical place not subject to the laws of cosmic entropy. The south symbolizes something directly opposite ? materiality. immersion in the stream of time and becoming. strictly separating the "subjective" from the "objective" ("phenomenal" and "noumenal"). halving itself in history in northern natural landscape. And in many other traditions it is possible to detect most ancient tracks. Sacred geography correlates North to spirit. exceeding both the objective and subjective poles. Therefore it is possible to say that all sacred traditions are in essence the projection of a Single Northern Primordial Tradition adapted to every different historical condition. spirit of Evil and oppositor to the bright Ormudz. but something of a third kind. One might say that the sacred North.

veiled. Thus it is important to mark that in sacred geography the North . Spirit . among the red-skinned Aztecs and among the Mongols with wide cheek-bones. material world to its archetype. the sacred opposition. The man of North is a particular kind of being possessing a straight intuition of the Sacred.West axis. The people of the North Sacred North defines a special human type. Sita.South axis is more relevant than the East . and declared war to the continental North with capital Ayodjya. The great war of North and South.but just this ability lies at the bases of "nordic" thinking.South axis to the horizontal East ? East axis. and its memories become a piece of "culture". "arian" or indoeuropean for his blood. but can also not have it.beyond". i.e. lays the foundations of sacred civilizations. This quality is not a simple development of rational origin. West ? the horizontal upward projection of the South.South pair in sacred geography is not reduced to an abstract opposition of Good and Evil. but preserves its traces in materialized features. among the founders of the Chinese civilization and among the natives of the Pacific. Origin and Decay). The North . To him the cosmos is a texture of symbols. which would not have a myth about the "solar man. Vice-versa.Matter. supra-rational Mind.e. and from the point of view of tradition the South is responsible for this conflict by breaking the sacred rules. the southern island Lanka is considered as a home of the demons which have stolen the wife of Rama. In the south the Day and Night of the gods are fragmented into a set of human days. pouring out light. In the Rama-Yana. between these parties of a light there exist an harmonious relation ? the North "spiritualizes" the South. Hyperborea and Gondvana (ancient paleo-continent of the South) refers to "antidiluvian" times. as black holes do. The substance of "nordism" is consist in the capability of man to raise each object of the physical. Traces of an hyperborean cult can be found among the Indians of Northern America and among the ancient Slaves. material embodying. but its messengers have laid the bases of all present traditions. divine Logos. South is the reign of substance. of "legend". It is rather the opposition of Spiritual Idea to its coarsened. Tradition and Profanity. In the last phases of the cycle it becomes more hidden. The man of North is the "solar man".e.West pair (i. The pure nordic civilization disappeared with the ancient Hyperboreans. If the South fails to recognize the primacy of North. for instance. which can have a biological. to its Idea. East is the horizontal downward projection of North. life. capacity to see through the . visible outlines. nevertheless saves the logic and symbolical connection between these two sacredgeographical pairs. The North ? South pair (i. The man of North is not simply white. This nordic "race" of Teachers stood at the origins of religion and culture of the peoples of all continents and colours of skin. Sonnenmensch. The shift from the vertical North . among the blond Germans and among the black shamans of Western Africa. carthesian and kantian "pure intellect" for its nature is not able to overcome the thin border between "phenomenon" and "noumenon". but outlining it. not absorbing energy. typical of the last stages of the cycle. Sonnenmensch. each of them called out of secret by the eye of the Spiritual First Principle. The testimonial sign of opposition is passed to East and West. The paleo-continents of North and South themselves disappear. it corresponds to the most ancient stages of cyclical history. the nordic messengers give the southerners Tradition. biology and instincts. But being the more relevant one. hardened.Time) is projected on the East . the original symbolism of Hyperborea is lost. as the primacy of Northis recognized by the South. In normal cases. There is no such people on the planet. South generally often corresponds to culture. to that sphere of human activity where the Invisible and the Purely Spiritual acquires material. From such transference of sacred meanings one can easily obtain the structure of the continental vision peculiar to Tradition. True spirituality. language and culture. the "war of continents" begins. force and wisdom from its spiritual flow of creation. Eternity . racial embodying. The South corrupts the northern purity of Tradition.

rudimentary and even distorted form. the major guarantor of which is the Light of the North. He worships exteriority. However. Chuckchi etc. but not interiority. its embodying in the material environment. the gondvanic type. and the individual. which he venerates but does not understand. the simpleness and clearness of northern symbolism turned here into a complex and miscellaneous tangle of sacred doctrines. The people of North and people of the South opposed one another at the origins. of the matter generating the variety of forms. i. releases Prometheus (the pure . pure northern and southern types existed only in remote ancient times. When the people of the South stay in harmony with the people of North. In the South. grew out of the narrow framework of the "human ? too-human" personality. entrusted by it. Gradually the original clearness of the sacred-geographical panorama became muddy.e. individualisation and razionalisazion surpassed itself. The civilization of the South is a civilization of the Moon receiving the light from the Sun (North). The type of North and the type of the South. But in spite of everything the typological dualism of the "people of North" and the "people of the South" was preserved in all times and epochs . the feebler are the traces of the North. In the East. where the "human" and the "rational" are erased before the supra-human and supra-rational Principle. sacraments and rites. where such tendency. pejorative sense of this term). becoming the Hero. North and South in East and in West The type of the people of North could be projected in the South. North was shown in the heroic societies. The people of the South The man of the South. India. which can be globally defined by adoration of idols. he dwells in the cosmos. In the West. since some moment in sacred history. bearing their cultural type ?Finns. However. preserving and diffusing it for some time. which in the situation of the "conservative" South for a long time saved the Revelation. Wherever there is Sacred Purity and Wisdom. of secondary manifestations. the Light of North generated great metaphysical civilizations such as the Indian. Later all peoples of North penetrated into southern lands. is typical of the man of the South. The cult of the Great Mother. "nordic" motives in mythology and sacraments are saved in an extremely fragmentary. the further to the South. as an internal conflict within the framework of the same civilization. Iranian or Chinese. irrespective of the concrete place of the planet. there arises a distorted cultural type. oppose each other everywhere. those of the South sometimes went far northward. If the South gives the civilization a character of "stability". North is shown as the classic traditional society founded on the univocal superiority of the supra-individual above the individual. he puts the psychic above the spiritual (which he simply does not know) and worships Life as a higher authority. Eskimos. the East defines its sacrality and authenticity. And among the inhabitants of the Pacific islands and Southern Africa.world its secret Soul ? these are the defining qualities of the North. but is not able to proceed from symbolizing to symbolized. harmony reigns among civilizations. When they claim their supremacy because of their archetypical relation to reality. The man of the South lives by passions and rushes. there invisibly is the North ? whatever the point in time or space we are in. The man of the South is a Mondmensch.but not as much as an external conflict of two miscellaneous civilizations. The man of the South lives in a circle of effects. is directly opposed to the "nordic" type. but periodically losing contact with it (new moon). peculiar to the West. On the other hand. fetishism or paganism (in the negative. to fragmentation. As in the case of paleocontinents. on the one hand. North in West is personified by the symbolical figure of Heracles who. He carefully saves tracks of spirituality. recognize their authority and their typological (not racial!) superiority. founding sometimes bright expressions of the "nordic" civilization ? ancient Iran. East and West.

"humanist" tendency). Secondly. The same can be said also about the "hyperborean race " ? a "race" not in the biological. . and to some extent even turned upside down. where normal and fair eastern indifference to the individual turns into the denial of the great Supra-human Subject.are laid one upon the other. "paleo-asiatic". "Finnish" or "Eskimo" elements acquire the characters of"idol-worshipping" and "fetishism". helps Zeus and the gods to defeat the rebellion of the giants (i. Thus. which corresponded to them in primordial times. the forces of the South are shown in despotic societies. no lesser than its most ancient population. today there exist not just a simple discrepancy. worshipping only "the golden veal" of comfort and egoistical hedonism. By common judgement. Even the most northern. on the contrary. And at last. since a long time ago do not exist any more in the pure state. but in pure spiritual. coupled with the pole in the primordial epoch. does not coincide at all with what is commonly agreed to call today the coupled with white race".western. on the colour of the skin etc. serves for the sake of sacred rules and spiritual Order). and meta-continents and meta-races (the realities of traditional sacred geography). and the South to negative. In other words. and the color of the skin for a long time already ceased to be the distinctive sign of belonging to such or such "metaphysical race". All forms of Eastern totalitarianism. From continents to meta-continents If from the perspective of sacred geography the symbolical North univocally corresponds to positive aspects. projects itself on all three orientations according to an opposite image. The modern races of the South represent a product of multiple mixtures with the races of North. are linked to the South. Therefore between real continents and real races (the realities of modern geopolitics). Modern geopolitics understands the terms "North" and "South" as wholly different categories than sacred geography does. even the last remains of this primordial culture have disappeared from physical reality already some millennia ago. already in themselves negative ? the South on the vertical line and the West on the horizontal line . since many millennia already does not exist on a physical level. the ancient nordic race. remaining a spiritual reality. but almost an inverse correspondence. as the influence of the original polar initiatic centre and its messengers on the world diminished. it gives the effect of "archaism" and cultural stagnation. in an exclusively modern geopolitical picture of the world everything is much more complex.e. on the one hand. The continents and their populations in our epoch have gone extremely far from those archetypes. the "South" from some moment onwards became practically the whole planet. The continent of the South and the whole South of Tradition. too. meta-temporal cut. "nordic autochtones" since a long time do not represent any more a concrete historical-geographical reality. That exactly such combination of the two sacred-geopolitical tendencies gives the most negative type of civilization is obvious. on which is directed the spiritual look of the intiated. (This theme of "metaphysical races" was in detail developed in the works of Julius Evola).) In the East. In the North. metaphysical sense. materialistic forms of individualism. The South. the race of the "white teachers". North in Tradition is a meta-historical and meta-geographical reality. in particular. both typological and racial. since in it two attitudes. Firstly. on the other hand. based only on physical characters. the paleocontinent of North. "nordic" traditions under the southern influence. and on the other. Somehow. when the atomic individuals reach the limit of antiheroic degeneration. Hyperborea. (This is characteristic. titanic. the modern geopolitical picture of the world has very little in commun with the principial vision of the world in its supra-historical. of the GermanScandinavian civilization in the "epoch of the Skalds". exacting the original Tradition. in the West the South is shown in the extremely rough. Northern Tradition and its original population.

spiritual degradation and emotional degeneration. from the exploitation of human and natural resources. As the Far East tradition is concerned. materialism. But even after the defeat of the Third Reich. Such "economic racism " was especially clearly shown in the Anglo-Saxon colonial conquests. The success of "rich North" in the material sphere was raised to a political and even "racial" principle in those countries which were the avantgarde of industrial. in spite of all attempts from "rich (and aggressive!) North" to impose on everyone its own measure and path of development. or more intellectual. The substance of North in sacred geography is the primacy of spirit above substance. Moreover. the definitive and total victory of Light. precisely this substitution of categories of sacred geography with categories of material and technical development was also that most negative side of national-socialism which led it.e.The illusion of the "rich North" Modern geopolitics uses the concept of "north" most frequently with the definition "rich" ? "the rich North ". Material progress of the technical civilization was accompanied by a monstrous spiritual regress just of sacred culture. mercantilistic. and also "the advanced North ". These are Hinduist India and the Islamist world. or more spiritual than the "South" but because it builds its social system on the principle of maximizing the material which can be taken from the social and natural potential. from the point of view of Tradition. of "western racism" (in particular Anglo-Saxon). Holland. "underdevelopment" and "untermenschlichkeit" of southern (i. The racial image of "Rich North " is linked to those peoples having white skin. In this case. and afterwards its embellished version was introduced in the most rough and contradictory aspects of the national-socialist ideology. typical both of the English colonialists and of the German nationalsocialist orthodox followers of Rosenberg. the "rich North " also today shows only "racist" haughtiness. this kind of a racism of the "rich North" has not disappeared at all from political life. means exclusively material welfare. the unproblematic and artificial pseudoparadise of those whom Nietzsche called "the last men". Certainly. often Nazi ideologists simply blended vague guesses about pure "spiritual nordism" and "spiritual arian race" with vulgar. explicit or hidden. " Rich North " means something radically distinct from "spiritual nordism". "rich North" geopolitically means those countries where forces directly opposite to Tradition have won . in practice. hedonism. in the most recent mondialist doctrines of "rich North" the question of biological and racial purity is not stressed.forces of quantity. eventually. material "poverty" of the South quite often is conversely linked to the conservation in southern regions of the genuinely sacred forms of civilization. to its political. At least two sacred civilizations still exist today in the Southern space. consumer society. technical and economic development ? i. atheism. (By the way. and consequently. However its bearers became first of all the US and their atlantic partners in Western Europe. Thus. This connotates the whole aggregate of the western civilization. Actually. in its relations with the undeveloped and less developed countries of the Third world. biological racism of the English kind. the "wealth" of modern "advanced" North cannot serve as a criterion of genuine superiority above material "poverty" and technical backwardness of modern "primitive South ". on the contrary. the arrogance of individual passions and the mud of base egoism. material and quantitative welfare was equalled to a qualitative criterion. there are various points of view: some see even under the layer of "Marxist" and "Maoist" rethorics some traditional principles. England. and on this base the most ridiculous prejudices about "barbarism". which were always undiscussed for the . not of belonging to "rich North") peoples were developed. "Rich North " is rich not for being cleverer. from "hyperborean spirit". "primitiveness". giving its basic attention to the development of the material and economic side of life. theoretical and even military collapse). Equity and Purity above the darkness of animal life. and this feature lays at the roots of the various versions. but nevertheless.e. this means that behind such "poverty" a spiritual wealth is sometimes disguised. "Rich North" mondialist geopolitics. and later Germany and the US.

Chinese sacred civilization. since the highest pervertion consists in that the great is asserved to the insignificant. from a spiritual point of view. representing just a bright glass kaleidoscope. as the practices of aggressive-atheistic " rich North " with the "Third world". only defending itself. whereas the North has definitively lost them. Islam. is completely "abnormal" and "pathological". but at the same time they have often used the separate aspects of Tradition for achieving their mercatilistic purposes ? exploiting contradictions. Such an utilitarian use of the various aspects of Tradition for exclusively antitraditional purposes was an even greater evil. partial way. which should only obey. to its materialistic and hedonistic paranoia. even those southern regions inhabited by peoples saving their devotion to very ancient and almost forgotten sacred traditions. Actually " the poor South " is "poor" at a material level precisely because of its spiritual attitudes. religious features or national problems. as the active comparticipation in sacred Tradition bestows on all aspects of their personal lives that sense.made hysterical by nevroses. And on the contrary. Thus "rich North " skilfully manoeuvered the traditional political-ideological and religious features of the "poor South ". the mondialist "rich North" has managed so to harden its pernicious effect on the planet due to the specificity of northern regions. The geopolitical South in our time saved in general an exclusively traditionalist attitude towards the objects of the external world ? a quiet. and this concept supposed that the other two "worlds" ? advanced capitalist and less advanced Soviet ? are more relevant and significant for global geopolitics. than the straight denial of all Traditional values. all the same in comparison with atheized and utterly materialistic "rich North". that intensity. than all remaining regions. trying to asserve to its exclusively materialist and economic concerns those forces and structures. . It could be said that the correlation between North and South in original times is polarly opposite to their correlation in our epoch. material fears. Khali-Yuga. be exploited and be used for its own purposes. as the same cyclical moment of development of our civilization favours perverted. only an empty picture. since the true Tradition cannot admit in relation to itself such humiliating reference. the autochthonous traditions of the "not white" peoples became for the material conquerors of the "rich North" simply a drag on the accomplishment of their purposes. indifferent attitude ? in stark contrast to the material obsession of the "rich North". according to the Tradition. This was almost always possible to it. abnormal and unnatural tendencies . Therefore the spiritual North does not fully transfer itself to the South at the end of times . internal desolation. complete aimlessness of existence. never coupled with the sacred North. and till now their existences are fuller. Anyway. Basically. the active traditional initiative cannot emanate from the South. fragmentary. This world was called "Third" during the cold war. The fact is that Tradition is preserved in the South only in an inertial. such definition actually equates countries of the "Third world " to "nobody's" bases of natural and human resources.in the South there is only an accumulation and preservation of spiritual impulses. that saturation of which have been deprived for a long time the representants of the "rich North". exhibit "spiritual".since. The people of the "poor South" normally dwell into Tradition. predisposed to . Nevertheless this statement does not absolutely cover the whole picture of reality. always giving the material aspects of existence a minor and unimportant place. as it is the South that today still preserves some links with the Tradition. Confucianism. deeper and even more magnificent. the expression "Third world " has a pejorative sense: according to utilitarian logics of tthe "rich North". Hinduism. "rigorous" and "normal" features whereas the "rich North" itself. Paradox of the " Third World " The "Poor South" in mondialist projects is actually synonym to "the Third world". eventually. detached and. In line of principle. which on spiritual potential much more exceeded the spiritual level of "North". we are now in the latest period of the "dark century". It holds a passive position and resists.

conservative kind) and "antitraditionalism" (the actively northern. The end of the "Second world" as a special civilization leaves to the Euroasian space of the former USSR two alternatives ? either to be integrated in the "rich North" (that is. Any attempt to save the former Soviet Great Space. inertial. than the total partition according to the dictating rules of the "rich North". i. The role of the " Second World " In the bipolar geopolitical picture "rich North" ? "poor South" there always existed an additional component having self-supporting and very relevant meaning. There is no more place for it on the modern geopolitical map. as definite spiritual motives secretly influenced the nominally materialistic ideology of the Soviet socialism. is broken along the lines of "traditionalism" (the southern. It is the "second world ". . being disintegrated.e. The geopolitically eurasian USSR is located both on the territories of "poor Asia". At the same time. The "Second world".activity. leaving aside all deceitful declarations of humanitarian and economic mood. is predetermined by the expansion of mondialistic understanding of the world in terms of "rich North" ? "poor South" ". complicating the clearness of geopolitical relations on an the North . is possible only through a radical waiving of the planetary logics of a dichotomic North . since as a whole the attitude to material development. During the socialist period. cynically using the paradoxes of the same concept of "Second world ". Under the expression "second world " it is conventionally understood to mean the socialist camp integrated into the Soviet system. fixes new geopolitical borders and breaks zones of influence. the planetary belt of the "rich North" was broken in eastern Eurasia. Any different destiny for the the "Second world". or to be thrown down to the "poor South". people's inclination to Tradition. but it thus cannot serve as a serious alternative to the profane aggression of the "rich North". North was and remains the elective place of force. cannot be crowned with success. without putting into doubt the fundamental polar conception of modern geopolitics. neither the present "Third world". National. the initiative of redistributing geopolitical spaces in this process belongs to the "rich North". therefore true efficiency belongs to the geopolitical initiatives coming from the North. that besides false "humanist" rethorics the "racist" reasons invoked to inspire the Russians a complex of "white" superiority in relation to the Asian and Caucasian south will even more often and almost openly be used. and part to the "South"). nor can offer the radical geopolitical project capable to subvert the pathological picture of modern planetary space. any attempt simply to save the "Second world" as something self-supporting and balancing halfway between North and South (in their exclusive modern meaning). the separation of regions (part to the "North". "progress" and other only profane principles laid at the roots of the Soviet system. modernist and materialist kind). The "Poor South" possesses today all spiritual priority before the "rich North". and on the lands of sufficiently "civilized" Europe.South axis. The "Second world" disappears. To this is correlated the inverse process ? the definitive rejection of southern territories of the former "Second world " to the "poor South " is accompanied by playing the the card of fundamentalist tendencies. considered in a mondialist key. the pressure of the "rich North" on the "poor South" increases. which. being one with an agressive materialistic technocratic society in the absence of an intermediate power. but in the near future will become the dominant phenomenon of the Euroasian geopolitics. Such dualism. As a compromise variant. It is not surprising. that existed till yesterday ? the "Second world". economic and religious factors serve the mondialists only as instruments in their cynical and deeply materialistically motivated activity. As always has been in the last centuries.South axis. the West and the US). understood and realized in its real nature. to turn into the "Third world". is also possible. and the revival of religion. which is only planned today. This "second world" was neither the present "rich North".

In its most general features. which practically will mean only an increasing withdrawal from the remains of sacred Tradition. in the rebellion against the world of finance for the ancient and eternal values of Spirit. and raise the "South" to a planetary revolt against the only geopolitical enemy. its argument is. which. the sacred ideal of returning to the nordic sources of civilization.South mondialist logics and on returning to the spirit of genuine sacred geography ? as far as it possible at the end of dark era. but to the "poor North". those forces which. engages a radical alliance with the "poor (eurasian) North" and starts a liberation struggle against "northern" dictatorship. In modern geopolitics this is also called as the "new world order". being in effect. Such North is "Poor" because it is based on total ascetism. 1) The "Rich North is opposed not to the "poor South". The active forces of antitradition consolidate their victory over the passive recalcitrance of southern regions. "Poor North" starts a geopolitical and ideological fight with the "rich North". inhabited by traditional peoples and being a terra incognita of the modern world. Thus an end is forever put to the ideologically vulgar versions of Anglo-Saxon racism. The internal geopolitical energies of the "Second world " are put before a choice ? either to be incorporated in the system of the "civilized northern belt" and definitively to tear off any connection with a sacred history (project of leftist mondialism). unable to counter itself the "rich North". The "Poor North " is an ideal. The path of "Poor North " for Russia means the refusal of incorporating in the mondialist belt. 2) The "Poor South". of the "Great War of Continents". self-sacrifice. active and aggressive. of achaicizing its own traditions and of reducing them to the folkloric level of an ethno-religious reserve. As the alternative project it is possible theoretically to formulate a different path of geopolitical transformation based on rejecting the North . preserving their economic backwardness and defending Tradition in its residual forms. on the complete despise of the material for the sake of the spiritual. rejecting its projects. i. concentrate the forces struggling against the "rich North" of the atlantist West. Tiersmonde ? même combat]. It is especially important to strike the representants of the ideology of the "rich South ". in different terminology. or to turn into an occupied territory being allowed a partial restoration of some aspects of tradition (project of the rightist mondialism). activity and the spiritual profile of the genuine sacred North make the traditions of the revert to a nordic Source. " by the Second world ". equity.which can be shown in a radical sabotage on part of the intellectual western élite to the establishied course of the "mercantilistic civilization". working in the "rich North". intellectual. "Poor North" geographically exists only on the territories of Russia. (Alain de Benoist expressed this idea in the title of his famous book "The Third world and Europe: the same fight" [L'Europe. radically rejecting the degenerated and antisacred branch of those white peoples which followed the path of technical . "spiritual Europe". the "Europe of the peoples and traditions". hailing the "technical civilization of the white peoples" and echoing the mondialist propaganda. instead of the "Maastricht Europe of goods". 3) The "Poor North" of the eurasian East. crashing its social and political manipulations. In other regions of the "rich North" a potential opposition of the "poor North" is also possible too . blasting from the inside and from the outside its plans. of course. The passive recalcitrance of the "South" acquires thus a fulcrum in the planetary messianism of the "nordics". It is the project of the "Great Return" or. the essence of this project is as follows. bating its stainless efficiency.) Intellectuality. In this direction the events today are developing and will develop in the near future. stand up for "development". Northern eurasian lands of Russia are the only territories on earth which have been not completely mastered by the "rich North". "Poor North" should be spiritual.The project of the "Rising North" The "Rich mondialist North" globalizes its domination over the planet through partition and destruction of the "Second world". extending on a circle around the whole planet. socio-politically resisted until the last moment to the final adoption of a mondialist civilization in its most "progressive" forms. together with the "poor South". "progress" and "modernization" of traditional countries. on radical devotion to the highest values of Tradition.e.

putting the final dot to the geopolitical history of civilization . antisacral. technocratic. Flares the planetary supra-racial and supra-national Geopolitical Revolution based on the fundamental solidarity of the "Third world" with that part of the "Second world" which rejects the project of the "rich North". A New Earth and New Heaven arise. The new global ideology is the ideology of Final Restoration. the flame of Hyperborea transforms the geopolitical reality. and to those who preferred wealth founded on assassination of Spirit. giving those who chose voluntary poverty a reign of spiritual abundance. This path is not from sacred geography to geopolitics. The missed continents are lifted from the abysses of the past.but not that dot.progress and material development. Invisible meta-continents appear into reality. ---- . During the struggle. The materialistic. eternal damnation and torments in hell. but on the contrary. the flame of the "resurrection of the spiritual North". from geopolitics to sacred geography. the coming of the Terrible Destiny. atheistic. which wanted to put the mondialist spokesmen of the End of History. atlantist variant of the End is turned into a different epilogue ? the final Victory of the sacred Avatar.

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