Conditionals

Zero Conditional
Possible at any time, but most commonly in present if + present (simple, continuous, perfect) & present(simple, continuous, perfect) 1) situations that can occur at any time(more than once) and their results If you press this key, the game starts 2) Actions which always have the same result If you use hot iron on nylon, it melts 3) general instruction If you want to start, pres red button

First Conditional
Possible in the future

Second Conditional
Impossible in the present/ possible but improbable in the future if+ past (simple, continuous) & would (could, might) +infinitive 1) improbable future event or situation If I won a lottery, I would buy an island 2) a hypothetical current situation which is contrary to known facts If I knew the answer I would tell you 3) giving advice If I were you, I would do it 4) polite request If you could help me, I would be very grateful 5) desires, regrets If we didn’t work so hard, we could spend more time together

Third Conditional
Impossible in the past

if+ present(simple, continuous, perfect)or modals & will(be going to, may, can, should, present simple) 1) possible future events and their results If the weather is fine, we will go for a walk 2) command If you come home late, don’t wake us up! 3) offer I’ll call the hotel if you don’t have time 4) warnings I’ll call the police if you don’t leave now!

if+ past perfect (past perfect continuous, might have, could have) & would have + past participle 1) a hypothetical situation in the past is contrary to known facts I wouldn’t have got wet if I had taken an umbrella 2) criticism If you had been driving more slowly, you could have stopped in time.

Alternative to IF unless negative (if not) provided that, necessary on the (only if) condition that, suppose, imaginary what if what if? in case even if unexpecte d

I’ll go unless you stop me – I’ll go if you don’t stop me We will deliver tomorrow provided that all the bills are paid Suppose he asked you to go to the cinema, would you go? I’ll come in case you are there (I don’t know whether you’ll be there) Even if they do all the tasks, they won’t be paid in time

they won’t be paid in time I’ll tell you when I have all the information unless provided that. they won’t be paid in time I’ll tell you when I have all the information unless negative (if not) provided that. negative (if not) necessary (only if) imaginary what if? unexpecte d negative (if not) necessary (only if) imaginary what if? unexpecte I’ll go unless you stop me – I’ll go if you don’t stop me We will deliver tomorrow provided that all the bills are paid Supposing he asked you to go to the cinema.when unless negative (if not) provided that. would you go? I’ll come in case you are there (I don’t know whether you’ll be there) Even if they do all the tasks. necessary on the (only if) condition that. imaginary what if what if? in case even if unexpecte d when I’ll tell you when I have all the information I’ll go unless you stop me – I’ll go if you don’t stop me We will deliver tomorrow provided that all the bills are paid Supposing he asked you to go to the cinema. they won’t be paid in time supposing. what if in case even if . supposing. would you go? I’ll come in case you are there (I don’t know whether you’ll be there) Even if they do all the tasks. they won’t be paid in time I’ll tell you when I have all the information I’ll go unless you stop me – I’ll go if you don’t stop me We will deliver tomorrow provided that all the bills are paid Supposing he asked you to go to the cinema. supposing. would you go? I’ll come in case you are there (I don’t know whether you’ll be there) Even if they do all the tasks. imaginary what if what if? in case even if unexpecte d when I’ll go unless you stop me – I’ll go if you don’t stop me We will deliver tomorrow provided that all the bills are paid Supposing he asked you to go to the cinema. what if in case even if when unless provided that. would you go? I’ll come in case you are there (I don’t know whether you’ll be there) Even if they do all the tasks. necessary on the (only if) condition that. on the condition that. on the condition that. supposing.

imaginary what if what if? in case even if unexpecte d when I’ll go unless you stop me – I’ll go if you don’t stop me We will deliver tomorrow provided that all the bills are paid Suppose he asked you to go to the cinema. would you go? I’ll come in case you are there (I don’t know whether you’ll be there) Even if they do all the tasks.d when I’ll tell you when I have all the information unless negative (if not) provided that. necessary on the (only if) condition that. suppose. they won’t be paid in time I’ll tell you when I have all the information .

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