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# SEMESTER - 3rd SEM.

MECHANICAL
SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
UNIT 1
SN.
1
2

CAT QUESTIONS
1B1
1C1

1C2

1B2

1C3

1B3

## LEVEL TYPE MARKS

TIME

Findtherootoftheequation
Xex=cos(x)usingtheRegula-Falsimethodcorrecttofourdecimalplaces.
Solvetheequations
10x1-2x2-x3-x4=3
-2x1+10x2-x3-x4=15
-x1-x2+10x3-2x4=27
-x1-x2-2x3+10x4=-9byGaussSeidaliterationmethod.
SolvebyGauss-Jordanmethod:
10x-7y+3z+5u=6
-6x+8y-z-4u=5
3x+y+4z+11u=2
5x-9y-2z+4u=7
DerivetheNewton-Raphsonformulafortheequationf(x)=0.Discussitsgeometrical
interpretation.
ApplyGaussEliminationmethodtosolvetheequations:
x+4y-z=-5
x+y-6z=-12
3x-y-z=4
Findtherealrootoftheequation(UsingNewtonRaphsonMethod)
xlog10x-1.2=0correcttofiveplacesofdecimal.

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Explain the types of errors in brief. The hypotenuse and side of a right angletriangle are found by
measurement to be 75 and 32 respectively. If the possible error in the hypotenuse is 0.2 and that
1A1 inthesideis0.1.Findthepossibleerrorsinthecomputedangle.

10

Explain the difference between open and bracketing methods of root determination. Determine
the root of the equation, x sin x + x cos x =0, near x = p using Newton-Raphsons method correct
1B4 tothreedecimalplaces.

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Explain, how round off errors can effect the results, determined using elimination method and how the
1A2 results can be improved using pivoting.
1C4 Solve the following equation by Gauss-Jordan method.
2x - 3y + z = -1
x + 4y + 5z = 25
3x - 4y + z = 2
x
1B5 Findarealrootof2x10g10 =7correcttofourdecimalplacesusing

iterationmethod.
2 3 4
Ifu=4x y /z anderrorsinx,y,zbe.001,computetherelativemaximum
errorinuwhenx=y=z=1.
1B7 Findthedoublerootoftheequation:
3
2
x x x+1=0
1C5 SolvethefollowingequationsbyGaussEliminationmethod
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1B12

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1C7

1B14
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1B15

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AB16

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1C10

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## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
2x+y+z=103x+2y+3z=18x+4y+9z=16
3
Findarealrootoftheequationx 2x5=0bythemethodoffalseposition
correcttothreedecimalplaces
Findarealrootof2x-log10x=7correcttofourdecimalplacesusing
NewtonRaphsonMethod
Determinethenumberoftermsrequiredintheseriesforlog(1+x)toevaluate
log1.2correcttosixdecimalplaces.
Evaluate2gtofourdecimalplacesbyNewtonsiterativemethod.
UsingNewton-Raphsonmethodfindtherootoftheequation:
x+log10x=3.375correcttofoursignificantfigures.
Findtherootoftheequation:
2x-log10x=7whichliesbetween3.5and4byRegula-Falsimethod.
Findtherootoftheequation
x
Xe =cos(x)usingtheNewtonRaphsonmethodcorrecttofourdecimalplaces.
Solvetheequations
10x12x2x3x4=3-2x1+10x2-x3x4=15-x1x2+10x3-2x4=27
-x1-x2-2x3+10x4=-9
SolvebyGauss-Jordanmethod:
10x7y+3z+5u=6-6x+8yz4u=53x+y+4z+11u=2
5x-9y-2z+4u=7
Derive the Newton-Raphson formula for the equation f(x)=0. Discuss its geometrical
interpretation.
ApplyGaussEliminationmethodtosolvetheequations:
x+4y-z=-5x+y-6z=-123x-y-z=4
-1
Finde wheree=2.71startingwithx0=0.3
Find the real root of the equation x2+4sinx = 0 correct to four places of decimal by using NewtonRaphson'smethod.
If R= 4xy2/z3 and errors in x,y,z be 0.001, show that the maximum relative error at x =y=z=1is
0.006.
SolvetheequationbyGauss-Seidelmethod:
28x+4y-z=32x+3y+10z=242x+17y+4z=35
SolvetheequationbyGauss-Eliminationmethod:
10x1-2x2-x3-x4=3-2x1+10x2-x3-x4=15-x1-x2+10x3-2x4=27
-x1-x2-2x3+10x4=-9
Definethefollowing:(a)Approximatenumber(b)Significiantfigures(c)Roundingoff

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1C11

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1C15

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1B24

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1B25

## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
Namethevarioustypesoferror.
Explaindescreteruleofsigns.
Differentiatebetweenmethodoffalseposition&bisectionmethod.
DifferentiatebetweenAlgebric&Transcedentalequation.
DifferentiatebetweenRegulaFalsi&Secantmethod.
WritethegeneralizedNewton'smethodformultipleroots.
Differentiate between Gauss Elimination & Gauss Jordan method for solving simultaneous
algebricequations.
Differentiate between Gauss Siedel & Gauss Jordan method for solving simultaneous algebric
equation.
Differentiate between Gauss Siedel & Gauss Elimination method for solving simultaneous
algebricequation.
SolvetheequationbytheGauss-Jordanmethod:
x1+2x2+x3=82x1+3x2+4x3=204x1+3x2+2x3=16
Findarealrootofthepolynomialequation:
F(x)=x534x4+x3+3.76x+10=0byusingNewton-Raphsons
method.
Findtherootoftheequationxex=cosxusingthesecantmethod,correcttofour
decimalplaces.
ApplyGauss-Jordanmethodtosolvetheequations:
x+y+z=92x3y+4z=133x+4y+5z=40
Applygauss-Seideliterationmethodtosolvetheequations:
20x+y-2z=173x+20yz=-182x3y+20=25
UseNewton-Raphsonmethodtosolvetheequations:
2
2
2
2
x=x +y
y=x y
SolvethefollowingsystemofequationsbyGauss-Seidaliteration
method:
27x+6y-z=856x+15y+2z=72x+y+54z=110
Solvetheequation:
3xcosx1=0byNewton-Raphsonmethod.

UNIT 2
SN. CAT QUESTIONS
1
2A1 Useleastsquaresregressiontofitastraightlinetothefollowingdata:

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2B1

2B2

2B3

2A2

2B4

2B5

2B6

## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
x-1357101213161820
y-456587691211
Plotthedataandtheregressionline.
Thefollowingtablegivesthedistanceinnauticalmilesofthevisiblehorizonforthegivenheights
infeetabovetheearthssurface.Findthevaluesofywhenx=218ft.
x(height):100150200250300350400
y(distance):10.6313.0315.0416.8118.4219.9012.27
UseNewtonforwardinterpolationmethod.
A rod is rotating in a plane. The following table gives the angle q (radians) through which the rod
hasturnedforvariousvaluesofthetimetinsecond.
t:00.20.40.60.81.01.2
q:00.120.491.122.023.24.57
Calculatetheangularvelocityandtheangularaccelerationoftherodwhent=0.6second.
Thetablebelowgivesthevaluesoftanxfor0.10x0.30:
x
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
y=tanx 0.1003 0.1511 0.2027 0.2553 0.3093
Find:(i)tan0.12(ii)tan0.26
Thetemperatureqofavesselofcoolingwaterandthetimetinminutes
sincethebeginingofobservationareconnectedbythelawoftheform8
bt
q=ae +c.Thecorrespondingvaluesofqandtaregivenby:-
t:
0
1
2
3
5
7
10
15
52.2
48.8
46
43.5
39.7
36.5
33
29
q:
Findthebestvaluesofa,b,cbythemethodofgroupaverages.
UsingNewtonsDivideddifferenceformula,findthevaluesoff(2),f(8)
andf(15),giventhefollowingtable:
x:
4
5
7
10
11
13
f(x)
48
100
294
900
1210
2028
Thetablegivesthedistanceinnauticalmilesofthevisiblehorizonforthe
givenheightsinfeetabovetheearthssurface
X=height 100
150
200
250
300
350
400
Y=distan 10.63
13.03
15.04
16.81
18.42
19.9
21.27
ce
Findthevaluesofywhenx=218ft,and410ft.
Findthevaluesofywhen:(i)x=218ft(ii)x=410ft
From the following table of half-yearly premium for policies maturing at different ages, extimate

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## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING

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Agex
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60
65
Premiu
114.84
96.16
83.32
74.48
68.48
m y
Whatistheobjectiveofcurvefitting.
Namethevariousmethodsofcurvefitting.
Reduce the following equation as linear equation :- (a) y=mxn + c (b) y=axn ( c) y=axn+blogx (d)
bx
y=ae (e)xy=ax+by
Differentiatebetweenmethodof"GroupAverage"andlesssquareforcurvefitting.
Differentiatebetweenforward,backward&centraldifferencetable.
Whatisshiftoperator.
WhatisAvg.operator.
Establish the relationship between the operator :- (a) D = E -1 (b) =1-E-1 c) = E1/2 (d)=1/2(E1/2+E-1/2)
WritethegeneralformulaforNewton'sforwardinterpolation.
WritethegeneralformulaforNewton'sbackwardinterpolation.
Whatarethecriteriafortherightchoiceofinterpolationformula.
EnlisttheuseofInterpolationmethods
Determinef(x)asapolynomialinxforthefollowingdata:
-4
-1
0
2
5
x
1245
33
5
9
1335
f(x)
Marksbetween40and45:
Marks
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70 70-80
No.ofStudents
31
42
51
35
31
Bythemethodofleastsquares,findthestraightlinethatbestfitsthefollowing
data:
x
1
2
3
4
5
y
14
27
40
55
68
Usingmethodofleastsquares,fitarelationoftheformy=abxtothefollowingdata
x
2
3
4
5
6
y
144
172.8
207.4
248
298.5
UsingNewtonsforwardformula,findthevalueoff(1.6),if:
x
1
1.4
1.8
2.2
y
3.49
4.82
5.96
6.5

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## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
Thefollowingtablegivesthepopulationofatownduringthelastsix
censuses.Estimateusinginterpolationformula,theincreasein
populationduringtheperiodfrom1946to1948.
Year
1911
1921
1931
1941
1951
1961
Populationin(thousands)
12
15
20
27
39
52
Thefollowingtablegivesthesalesofaconcernforthelastfiveyears.Estimatethesalesforthe
Years
1946
1948
1950
1952
1954
Salesin(1000
40
43
48
52
57
Givenf(0)=-18,f(1)=0,f(3)=0,f(5)=-248,f(6)=0,f(9)=13104,findf(x).
Findthederivativef(x)atx=1.4fromthefollowingtable:
x
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
y=f(x) 1.10517 1.22140 1.34986 1.49182

UNIT 3
SN. CAT QUESTIONS
rd
1
3A1 DerivetheexpressionforSimpsons1/3 rule

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## LEVEL TYPE MARKS

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giventhat
x:4.04.24.44.64.85.05.2
logx:1.38631.43511.48161.52611.56861.60941.6487

Solvethedifferentialequationdy/dx=-xy withinitial,conditiony=2atx=0,bymodified
3C1 Eulersmethodandobtainyatx=0.2intwosteps,correctupto4decimalplace

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Using Runge-Kuttas 4 order method determine y for x=0.1,0.2 and 0.3 for the given differential
2
3B1 equationdy/dx=xy+y ,y(0)=1.
2
3B2 Givendy/dx=1+y ,wherey=0whenx=0,findy(0.2),y(0.4)andy(0.6),bytaking
h=0.2usingRunge-Kuttamethodof4thorder.
3C2 UsingmodifiedEulersmethod,findanapproximatevalueofywhenx=0.3,given
thatdy/dx=x+yandy=1whenx=0.

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## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
2
Evaluatedx/1+x byusing(Thevalueofxrangesfrom0to6)

(i)Trapezoidalrule(ii)Simpson's1/3rule
(iii)Simpson's3/8ruleandcomparetheresultwithitsactualvalue
3C3 UsingModifiedEuler'smethod,obtainasolutionoftheequation
dy/dx=x+|y|withinitialconditionsy=1atx=0fortherange0x0.6instepsof0.2.
Apply Runge-Kutta method of 4th order to find an approximate value of y for x=0.2 in steps of 0.1
2
3B3 ifdy/dx=x+y ,giventhaty=1atx=0
Using Runge-Kutta method of fourth order, solve : dy/dx = y -x /y + x ; with y(0) =1at x=0.2,
3B4

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Using modified Euler's method,find an approximate value of y when x=0.3, given that dy/dx=x+y
3C4 andy=1whenx=0.
Find y(0.8) correct to 4 decimal places if y'=y-x2, y(0.6) = 1.7379 by using Runge-Kutta method
3B5 offourthorder.

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Givendy/dx=y-x/y+xwithinitialconditiony=1atx=0;findyforx=0.1byEuler'smethod.
Solve the following by Euler modified method : dy/dx=log(x+y),y(0)=2 at x=1.2 and 1.4 with
3B7 h=0.2.

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UsingRunge-kuttamethodforfourthorder,solve:dy/dx=y -x /y +x withy(0)=1atx=0.2,0.4.
WritethegeneralformulaforNumericalintegration.
DeveloptheNumericalintegrationformulaforTrapezoidalrule.
DeveloptheNumericalintegrationformulaforSimpson's1/3rule.
DeveloptheNumericalintegrationformulafor3/8rule.
DifferentiateSimpson's1/3&3/8rule.
DifferentiatebetweenEuler's&modifiedEuler'smethod.
WritethegeneralformulaforsolvingordinarydifferentialequationusingRungemethod..
WritethegeneralformulaforsolvingordinarydifferentialequationusingRunge-Kuttamethod..
CalculatethevalueofsinxdxbySimpsons1/3ruleusing11-ordinates
xrangesfrom0-180degree
ThevelocityV(km/min)ofamopedwhichstartsfromrest,isgivenatfixed
Intervaloftimet(min)asfollows:
t
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
V
10
18
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32
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## last value of t and v is 20 and 0 respectively

Estimateapproximatelydistancecoveredin20minutes.
25 3A10 Evaluatedx/1+xtaking7ordinatesbyapplyingSimpsons3/8rule.Deduce
2
thevalueofloge .Where'x'rangesfrom0-1.

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## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
UsingEulersmethod,findapproximatevalueofywhenx=0.6,
dy/dx=1-2xy,giventhaty=0whenx=0(takeh=0.2).
ApplyMilnesmethodtofindasolutionofthedifferentialequation
y=x-y2intherange0x1fortheboundaryconditiony=0atx=0.
ThevelocityvofaparticleatdistanceSfromapointonitspathisgivenby
thetable:
S,ft
0
10
20
30
40
50
v,ft/sec.
47
58
64
65
61
52
Estimatethetimetakentotravel60ftbyusingSimpsons1/3rule.
2
Evaluatedx/1+x byusingSimpsons3/8rule.Henceobtainthe
approximatevalueofp.wherexrangesfrom0to1
UsingEulersmodifiedmethod,findasolutionoftheequation
dy/dx=x+|y|=f(x,y)
withinitialconditiony=1atx=0fortherange0x-6instepsof2.
UseRunge-KuttamethodtoapproximateY,whenx=0.1andx=0.2.
Giventhatx=0,wheny=1anddy/dx=x+y.
2

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Findthevalueoflog3fromx /1+x dx(thevalueofxrangesfrom0to1)usingSimpson's1/3
2

UseRunge'smethodtoapproximateywhenx=1.1giveny=1.2atx=1anddy/dx=3x+y

UNIT 4
SN. CAT QUESTIONS
1
4A1 Derivethe5pointstandardfinitedifferenceschemeforlaplaceequation

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u=0
ui,j=[ui+1,j+ui-1,j+ui,j+1+ui,j-1]
2
4B1 SolvethePoissonsequation u=8x2y2forthesquaremeshgivenbelowwithu(x,y)=0
u7
u4
u1
u8
u5
u2

u9
u6
u3

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## Solvetheleastequationu/t= u/x ,subjecttothecondition

u(0,t)=u(1,t)=0and
U(x.0)=2xfor0x

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## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
=2(1-x)for1/2x1
Solvetheequation:2u=-10(x2+y2+10)overthesquarewithsides
x=0=y,x=3=ywithu=0ontheboundaryandmeshlength=1.
Evaluatethepivotalvaluesoftheequationuu=16uxxtakingDx=1upto
t=1.25.Theboundaryconditionsareu(0,t)=u(5,t)=0.ut(x,0)=0and
2
u(x,0)=x (5-x).
Solvetheparabolicequation:
k2u/x2=u/t,r<x<t,t>0withboundarycondition:
ux(0,t)=0U(L,t)=aandinitialcondition:u(x,0)=u0
2
Applyrelaxationmethodtosolvetheequation u=-400,whentheregion
ofuisthesquareboundedbyx=0,y=0,x=4andy=4anduis0onthe
boundaryofthesquare.
Findthesolutionoftheparabolicequationuxx=2u,whenu(0,t)=u(4,t)=0
andu(x,0)=x(4-x),takingh=1.Findthevaluesuptot=5.
2
2
2
Solvetheequation u=-10(x +y +10)overthesquarewithsidesx=0=y,
x=3=ywithu=0ontheboundaryandmeshlength=1.
Findthesolutionofthedifferentialequationd2y/dx2+x2y=0with
theboundaryconditiony(0)=0,y(1)=1atthepoint0.25,0.50and0.75
byapproximatingthedifferentialequationwithasecondorder
differenceequation.
SolvebyRelaxationmethod.TheinitialvaluesofUatA,B,CandDareestimatedtobe
1000,625,875and375
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
2000
500
A
B
2000
0
C
D

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Find the values of u(x,t) satisfying the parabolic equation u/t = 4 u/x and the boundary
conditions u(0,t)=0=4(8,t) and u(x,0)=4x-1/2x2 at the points x=i : 1,2,.7 and t=1/8 j : j =
4C4 0,1,..5
Evaluate the pivotal values of the equation uu=16Uxx, taking Dx=1 upto t=1.25. The boundary

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conditionsareu(0,t)=u(5,t)=0,ut(x,0)=0andu(x,0)=x2(5-x)
4C6 Solvetheparabolicequation:
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## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
k2u/x2=u/t0<x<t,t>0withboundaryconditionUx(0,t)=0U(l,t)=9
andinitialconditionu(x,0)=40.
WritethegeneralformofEllipticalequation.
WritethegeneralformofLeplaceequation.
Whatisstandard5pointformula.
WhatisDiagonal5pointformula.
DifferentiatebetweenJacobi's&GaussSiedelmethodforsolvingpartialdifferentialequation
WritethegeneralformofPoisson'sequation.
WritethegeneralformofParabolicequation.
Writethegeneralformofonedimensionalheatequation.
WritethegeneralformofTwodimensionalheatequation.
WritethegeneralformofHyperbolicequation.
WritethegeneralformofWaveequation.

UNIT 5
SN. CAT QUESTIONS
1
5A1 Statewhatiswronginthestatement
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5A5

Printf(%f,%d,%S,price,count,city);
Statewhatiswronginthestatement:
Printf(%-S,%C\n,city,code);
Showtheexactoutputofthefollowingstatement
Printf(%2d\n%f,count,price);
Showtheexactoutputofthefollowingstatement
Printf(%-10d%-15S,count,city);
Find the errors if any in following looping segments. Assume that all the variables have been
declaredandassignedvalues
(i)while(count!=10);
{count=1;
sum=sum+x;
count=count+1;
}
(ii)for(p=10;p>0;
p=p-1;
printf(%f,p);

5A6

Findtheerrorsifanyinthefollowingprogramstatements:
(i)for(i=1,i<=5;i++)
for(j=1,j<=4,j++)

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## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
A[i][j]=0;
(ii)for(i=4,i>=0;i--)
for(j=0;j<=4,j++)
A[i][j]=B[j]+1.0;
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5B3

5C1

10
11
12

5B4
5C2
5C3

14
15

5B5
5B6

Determinewhatwillbeoutputofthefollowingprogramsegment
(i)for(i=0;string[i]=\0;i++;
printf(%d\nstring[i];
(ii)for(i=0;i<=strelen[string];;)
{string[i++]=i;
printf(%S\n,string[i];
(i)average(x,y,z);
(ii)power(a,n-1)
(iii)product(m,10);
(iv)doubleminimum(floata;floatb;)
ExplainthevariouslogicaloperatorsusedinCprogrammingwithexample.
StatethevarioustypesoflogicalstatementsthatareusedinCprogrammingwith
theirsyntaxandexample.
Writenotesonthefollowing:
(i)Array
(ii)Breakstatement
(iii)Loops
(iv)Declarationstatement
(v)Pointers
WriteaCprogramforsolutionofordinarydifferentialequationbyEulersmethod.
Withanexampleexplaintheconditionaloperatorsavailablein'C'Language.
Writeaprogramtostore10numbersinanarrayandarrangetheminascendingorder.
Writeaprogramtogeneratethepattern
*
**
***
****
*****

10

15

15

10

10

10

16

5B7

17
18
19
20

5C4
5B8
5B9

21 5B10
22

5B11

23

5B12

24

5B13

25

5C5

26

5C6

27

5C7

## SEMESTER - 3rd SEM. MECHANICAL

SUBJECT - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND COMP. PROGRAMMING
inCwiththeirsymbols.
Writenotesonthefollowing:
(i)Functions(ii)SwitchStatement(iii)Union(iv)Structure(v)Input/outputstatement
WriteaCprogramforsolutionofordinarydifferentialequationbyRunge-KuttaMethod
WriteaCprogramforsolutionofalgebraicequationbyNewton-Raphsonmethod.
StatethevarioustypesofLogicalstatementsthatareusedinCprogrammingwiththeirsyntax
andexample.
Writenotesonthefollowing:
(i)Array(ii)DO-while(iii)Pointer(iv)Union(v)Structure
ExplainvariousC-expressionswithsuitableexample.
Differentiateone-dimensionalarraysandtwo-dimensionalarraysandexplaintheuseofarrays
tosolvingtheproblemsofThermalEngineeringwithsuitableexamples.
Explainthefollowingtermologywithsuitableprogram:(i)getchar(ii)Unions
(iii)C-stringLibrary
Writeaprogramtofindmultiplicationoftwosquarematrix.
WriteaCprogramforsolutionofsimultaneousalgebricalequationby
Gausseliminationmethod.
WriteaCprogramtofindthevaluesofu(x,t)satisfyingtheparabolicequation
2

## u/t=4 u/x andtheboundaryconditionsu(0,t)=0=u(8,t)andu(x,0)=

4x-x2/2atpointsx=i;i=0,1,2,..7andt=1/8j,j=0,1,2,,5.

15

15

15

10

10

10

10

10

15

15

15