The Mughal Dynasty

Great Empire a. foreigners and Muslim 2. From mountainous region north of the Indus river valley .The Mughal Dynasty Period Between 1500-1800 1.

inherited upland river area of Syr Darya .Dies 1530 . wins * capture Delhi . Asian conqueror Tamerlane 2. 1517 crossed the Khyber Pass 3. fights Indians a.lead a group of warriors 1. Genghis Khan .The Mughal Dynasty Babur . seized Kabul in 1504 2.descendent 1. outnumbered b.

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The Mughal Dynasty Akbar . heavy artillery 2.very intelligent .grandson of Babur .extends rule over most of subcontinent(1605) 1. semi-autonomous states .took over when he was 14 .

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The Mughal Dynasty Known for his Humane Rule 1. allowed Hindus to serve in court c. religious tolerance * allowed Hindus to serve in court * allowed the Jesuits b. accepted the diversity of Indian civilization a. took Hindu wives as some of his princesses .

The Mughal Dynasty Tolerant Administration 1 high officials were Muslims 2. peasants farmed land for the officials * 1/3 of a peasants salary taxed * taxes flexible Political Stability Allowed Industry to Flourish . lower officials were Hindu 3. Zamindars (Local Officials) a. paid in land b.

The Mughal Dynasty Jahangir .court fell into the hands of his wives a. Nur Jahan * used her position to increase her families wealth .

military campaigns & building project * raise taxes d. Transportation Problems * nothing done . inherited empty treasury * Nur Jahan b. majority of subjects in horrible poverty c.The Mughal Dynasty Shah Jahan 1. ruler in 1627 a. killed rivals 3. son of Nur Jahan 2. failed at internal problems a.

The Mughal Dynasty As the famine increased. It was easy to recognize their condition: eyes sunk deep in head. you saw nothing but corpses. men abandoned towns and villages and wandered helplessly. . wherever you went. while another lay stretched on the ground dying in misery. the belly nothing but a pouch hanging down empty. One would cry and howl for hunger. lips pale and covered with slime. with the bones showing through. the skin hard. knuckles and knee-caps showing prominently.

The Mughal Dynasty Struggle for Power Aurangzeb .imprisons his father . non-Muslims driven from court 3.bad things 1.devoutly Muslim . Hindus forced to convert to Islam . forbid gambling and drinking (failed) .good things 1. new Hindu temples forbidden 2. forbid illegal taxes 3.kills his brother . forbid Hindu suttee 2.

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