REVISION NOTES -FORM 0NE SCIENCE

CHAPTER ONE 1 INSTRUMENT Opisometer Thread and ruler Vernier Micrometer screw gauge burette pipette Eureka can Thermometer

USES Measure length of curve Measure length of curve Measure diameter-external/internal Measure thickness of very thin object like paper/piece of hair Measure volume to 0.1 ml accuracy Measure fixed volume Measure volume of irregular solid by using water displacement method i)clinical-measure temp 35°c-42°c ii)lab- - 10°c - 110°c

2 Mass-quantity of matter in an object Weight-pull of force of gravity of the earth on the object MASS WEIGHT Unit-kg Unit-newton Inst-I)lever balance Inst-newton spring II)Triple beam balance Balance/compression Spring balance

Value fixed

Value changes

CHAPTER TWO 1 MICROSCOPE I)Diaphragm-control light entering the lens II)Condenser-focus light on specimen III)Staining on specimen-done to make specimen visible Iodine,methylene blue 2 ANIMAL CELL PLANT CELL

Cell membrane Vacuoles only present for For lower class animal No shape No chloroplast UNICELLULAR PLANT ANIMAL EUGLENA AMOEBA

Cell wall Have vacuoles Shaped Chloroplast present MULTICELLULAR PLANT ANIMAL SPIROGYRA HYDRA

PLEURO COCUS

PARAME CIUM

DAPHNIA

CLAMY DOMONAS

BACTERIA

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