This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
was rendered by the RTC ordering D to pay P a sum of money. The judgment became final, but D filed a petition for relief and obtained a writ of preliminary injunction staying the enforcement of the judgment. After hearing, the RTC dismissed D’s petition, whereupon P immediately moved for the execution of the judgment in his favor. Should P’s motion be granted? Why? (3%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: P’s immediate motion for execution of the judgment in his favor should be granted because the dismissal ofD’s petition for relief also dissolves the writ of preliminary injunction staying the enforcement of thejudgment, even if the dismissal is not yet final. [Golezv. Leonidas, 107 SCRA 187 (1981)]. Provisional Remedies (1999) What are the provisional remedies under the rules? (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: The provisional remedies under the rules are preliminary attachment, preliminary injunction, receivership, replevin, and support pendente lite. (Rules57 to 61, Rules of Court). Provisional Remedies; Attachment (1999) In a case, the property of an incompetent under guardianship was in custodia legis. Can it be attached? Explain. (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: Although the property of an incompetent under guardianship is in custodia legis, it may be attached as in fact it is provided that in such case, a copy of the writ of attachment shall be filed with the proper court and notice of the attachment served upon the custodian of such property. (Sec. 7, last par., Rule 57) Provisional Remedies; Attachment (1999) May damages be claimed by a party prejudiced by a wrongful attachment even if the judgment is adverse to him? Explain. (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: Yes, damages may be claimed by a party prejudiced by a wrongful attachment even if the judgment is adverse to him. This is authorized by the Rules. A claim, for damages may be made on account of improper, irregular or excessive attachment, which shall be heard with notice to the adverse party and his surety or sureties. (Sec. 20, Rule 57; Javellana v. D. O. Plaza Enterprises Inc., 32 SCRA 281.) Provisional Remedies; Attachment (2001) May a writ of preliminary attachment be issued exparte? Briefly state the reason(s) for your answer. (3%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: Yes, an order of attachment may be issued ex-parte or upon motion with notice and hearing. (Sec. 2 of Rule 57)
(4%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: The motion to dismiss and to dissolve the writ of preliminary attachment should be denied.The reason why the order may be issued ex parte is: that requiring notice to the adverse party and a hearing would defeat the purpose of the provisional remedy and enable the adverse party to abscond or dispose of his property before a writ of attachment issues. is not proper. Serving a notice of garnishment. (1) The fact that the writ of attachment was served ahead of the summons did not affect the jurisdiction of the court over his person. It makes the writ. Rule. royalties and other personal property not capable of manual delivery under a writ of execution or a writ of attachment. (Sec. February 23. because this matter delves into the merits of the case. GM. Katy's affidavit. the sheriff proceeded to Tyrone's house and served him the summons. 197393. Tyrone filed a motion to dismiss and to dissolve the writ of preliminary attachment on the following grounds: (i) the court did not acquire jurisdiction over his person because the writ was served ahead of the summons. 172 SCRA 480). 13. particularly before summons is served. 5. The writ is only ancillary to the main action. the sheriff immediately served a notice of garnishment on the bank to implement the writ of preliminary attachment. and requires full-blown trial. Upon posting of an attachment bond. Rule57) The alleged payment of the account cannot. serve as a ground for resolving the improvident issuance of the writ. (ii) the writ was improperly implemented. (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: Attachment and garnishment are distinguished from each other as follows: ATTACHMENT is a provisional remedy that effects a levy on property of a party as security for the satisfaction of any judgment that may be recovered. Provisional Remedies. 57) However. while GARNISHMENT is a levy on debts due the judgment obligor or defendant and other credits. Resolve the motion with reasons. order of attachment. Provisional Remedies. . Attachment (2005) Katy filed an action against Tyrone for collection of the sum of P1 Million in the RTC. including bank deposits.Court of Appeals. No. (Sec. 7[d]. Rule 57) (3) The writ was improvidently issued if indeed it can be shown that the obligation was already fully paid. and a notice that the bank deposits are attached pursuant to the writ.Within fifteen (15) days from service of the summons. the court granted the application and issued a writ of preliminary attachment. with an ex-parte application for a writ of preliminary attachment. (Sec. and (iii) said writ was improvidently issued because the obligation in question was already fully paid. Abrogar. Payment. Apprehensive that Tyrone might withdraw his savings deposit with the bank. Inc. Garnishment (1999) Distinguish attachment from garnishment. (Onate v. It should be a copy of the writ of attachment that should be served on the defendant. writ of preliminary attachment and attachment bond. however. all that is needed to be done is to re-serve the writ. 1985) (2) The writ was improperly implemented. The following day. unenforceable.(Mindanao Savings and Loan Association. with copies of the complaint containing the application for writ of preliminary attachment. v. Attachment vs. serves as a ground for a motion to dismiss.
4[b] ofRule 58). Main Action (2006) Distinguish between injunction as an ancillary remedy and injunction as a main action. (6) Hearing on the application. 37 Phil. Generally. (3) Violation or threat of violation of such right. Injunctions. Ancillary Remedy vs. preliminary injunction cannot issue without bond unless exempted by the trial court (Sec. Rule 58 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure) are — (1) A verified complaint showing. Provisional Remedies. (4) Damages or injuries sustained or that will be sustained by reason of such violation. (5) Notice to all parties of raffle and of hearing. As provided in the Rules. Provisional Remedies. SUGGESTED ANSWER: . Injunction (2001) May a writ of preliminary injunction be issued exparte?Why? (3%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: No. which is a purely political question. Injunctions.Provisional Remedies. a writ of preliminary injunction may not be issued ex parte. (2) The existence of a right in esse. 4. a suit for injunction cannot aptly be filed with the Supreme Court to stop the President of the Philippines from entering into a peace agreement with the National Democratic Front. Provisional Remedies.The President of the Philippines is immune from suit. (7) Filing of an appropriate bond and service thereof. (2. Injunctions. no preliminary injunction shall be granted without hearing and prior notice to the party or person sought to be enjoined. Santamaria.5 of Rule 58) The reason is that an injunction may cause grave and irreparable injury to the party enjoined. Injunction (2003) Can a suit for injunction be aptly filed with the Supreme Court to stop the President of the Philippines from entering into a peace agreement with the National Democratic Front? (4%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: No. while injunction as a main action refers to the principal case itself that prays for the remedy of permanently restraining the adverse party from doing or not doing the act complained of. Writ of Preliminary Injunction (Sec.5%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: Injunction as an ancillary remedy refers to the preliminary injunction which requires the existence of a pending principal case. 304 ). Requisites (2006) What are the requisites for the issuance of (a) a writ of preliminary injunction. (Madarang v. Provisional Remedies. (Sec. however. and (b) a final writ of injunction? Requisites for the issuance of a: SUGGESTED ANSWER: a. Issuance w/out Bond (2006) May a Regional Trial Court issue injunction without bond? (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: Yes. if the injunction that is issued is a final injunction.
Receivership (2001) Joaquin filed a complaint against Jose for the foreclosure of a mortgage of a furniture factory with a large number of machinery and equipment. who has a child by Modesto. During the pendency of the case. Thereafter. thedaughter gave birth to a child allegedly as a consequence of the rape. Would you agree with the trial court if it denied the application for support pendente lite? Explain. Knowing what Jose has been doing. Roldan. 1 of Rule 59). Replevin (1999) What is Replevin? (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: Replevin or delivery of personal property consists in the delivery. and when he refused. If you were Joaquin’s lawyer. Support Pendente Lite (2001) Modesto was accused of seduction by Virginia. the machinery and equipment left with Jose were no longer sufficient to answer for the latter’s mortgage indebtedness. insists that he cannot be made to give such support arguing that there is as yet no finding as to his guilt. Virginia was in dire need of pecuniary assistance to keep her child. 9. Joaquin’s lawyer should file a verified application for the appointment by the court of one or more receivers. however. (Calo v.) Provisional Remedies. In the meantime judgment was rendered by the court in favor of Joaquin but the same is not yet final. by order of the court. reserved or instituted prior to its filing. During the pendency of the foreclosure suit. of personal propertyby the defendant to the plaintiff. Provisional Remedies. While a final writ of injunction may be rendered by judgment after trial. (Sec. A was charged with rape of his 16year old daughter. not to say of . upon the filing of a bond. The provisional remedy of support pendente lite may be granted by the RTC in the criminal action for rape. 6 of Rule61. Rule 58 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure). (Sec. 445 ) Provisional Remedies. Support Pendente Lite (1999) Before the RTC. Joaquin learned from reliable sources that Jose was quietly and gradually disposing of some of his machinery and equipment to a businessman friend who was also engaged in furniture manufacturing such that from confirmed reports Joaquin gathered. showing applicant to be entitled to the writ (Sec. a poor. what action would you take to preserve whatever remaining machinery and equipment are left with Jose? Why? (5%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: To preserve whatever remaining machinery and equipment are left with Jose.b. Provisional Remedies. In criminal actions where the civil liability includes support for the offspring as a consequence of the crime and the civil aspect thereof has not been waived. (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: No. The accused. the former filed a petition for support pendente lite. unemployed young girl. 76 Phil. the accused may be ordered to provide support pendente lite to the child born to theoffended party allegedly because of the crime. The Rules provide that receivership is proper in an action by the mortgagee for the foreclosure of a mortgage when it appears that the property is in danger of being wasted or dissipated or materially injured and that its value is probably insufficient to discharge the mortgage debt. she asked the accused to support the child.
A TRO dies a natural death after the allowable period. since it does not direct the doing or undoing of acts. 5 of Rule 58) ALTERNATIVE ANSWER: The temporary restraining order is not valid because the question does not state that the matter is of extreme urgency and the applicant will suffer grave injustice and irreparable injury. (Sec.3and 4. In criminal actions where the civil liability included support for the offspring as a consequence of the crime and the civil aspect thereof has not been waived or reserved for a separate civil action. TRO vs. (Sec. The criminal case is still pending in court and although the civil liability aspect of the crime has not been waived or reserved for a separate civil action. The Judge to whom the case is assigned will then conduct a summary hearing to determine whether the temporary restraining order shall be extended. upon the filing of the aforesaid application immediately raffled the case in the presence of the judges of Branches 2. Rule58. what action should you take to help Virginia in the meantime especially with the problem of feeding the child? (5%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: To help Virginia in the meantime. 6 ofRule 61) Provisional Remedies. as in the case of prohibitory or mandatory injunctive relief. 4[c] and [d]. the Status Quo . Is the temporary restraining order valid? Why? (5%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: No. including the original 72hour period. the Executive Judge. Being urgent in nature. The SQO is without any prescriptive period and may be issued without a bond. (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: A status quo order (SQO) is more in the nature of a cease and desist order. Status Quo Order (2006) Differentiate a TRO from a status quo order.2. It is only the Executive Judge who can issue immediately a temporary restraining order effective only for seventy-two (72) hours from issuance. who was sitting in Branch 1. TRO (2001) An application for a writ of preliminary injunction with a prayer for a temporary restraining order is included in a complaint and filed in a multi-sala RTC consisting of Branches 1. the accused may be ordered to provide support pendent elite to the child born to the offended party. but in no case beyond 20 days. 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure).herself. (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: A temporary restraining order is an order issued to restrain the opposite party and to maintain the status quo until a hearing for determining the propriety of granting a preliminary injunction (Sec. No other Judge has the right or power to issue a temporary restraining order ex parte. alive.3 and 4. The case was raffled to Branch 4 and judge thereof immediately issued a temporary restraining order. (Sec. 5 of Rule 58) Provisional Remedies. A TRO is only good for 20 days if issued by the RTC. If you were the lawyer of Virginia. until further notice if issued by the SC. TRO (2006) Define a temporary restraining order (TRO). 60 days if issued by the CA. Provisional Remedies. the trial for the case was foreseen to take two long years because of theheavily clogged court calendar before the judgment may be rendered. her lawyer should apply for Support Pendente Lite as provided in the Rules.
Rule IV of the IRCA which additionally requires that the action shall be submitted on the next working day to the absent members of the division for the ratification.Order does not. Court of Appeals. as authorized under Rule 58 and by Section 5. Rule 58 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure). TRO. modification or recall (Heirs of the late Justice Jose B. Provisional Remedies.135425-26. Provisional Remedies. a justice of a division of the Court of Appeals may issue a TRO. . G. November 14. but the SQO may be subject to agreement of the parties.R. SQO lasts until revoked. Duration (2006) What is the duration of a TRO issued by the Executive Judge of a Regional Trial Court? (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: In cases of extreme urgency.5. CA Justice Dept. A TRO is provisional. of Sec. Reyes v. A TRO is not extendible. 2000). Nos. TRO. an Executive Judge may issue a TRO for a duration not exceeding a total of 20 days. In the exercise of his regular functions over cases assigned to his sala. the duration of a TRO issued ex parte by an Executive Judge of a Regional Trial Court is 72 hours (2nd par. (2006) May a justice of a Division of the Court of Appeals issue a TRO? (2%) SUGGESTED ANSWER: Yes.L. when the applicant will suffer grave injustice and irreparable injury.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?