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/OxfamBangladesh /oxfaminBD /OxfaminBangladesh /oxfam-in-bangladesh
Planning and Editing:
Md Abdul Quayyum
Muhammad Shafqat Zaman
Date of Publication:
5 May 2013 redline
Design & Production : Photography:
Peter Caton Emdadul Islam Bitu Abir Abdullah Md Abdul Quayyum House 4, Road 3, Block I, Banani Dhaka 1213, Bangladesh tel +880 2 8813607-9, 8824440 Fax :880 2 8817402 www.oxfam.org/bangladesh, www.oxfamblogs.org/bangladesh, www.twitter.com/oxfaminBD Copyright: Oxfam Great Britain/ Oxfam Novib Oxfam Hong Kong/Oxfam Australia
GENDER AND WOMEN'S LEADERSHIP PROGRAM
QUALITY EDUCATION PROGRAM
FOOD SECURITY, RESILIENCE AND ADAPTATION PROGRAM
HUMANITARIAN CAPACITY BUILDING AND RESPONSE PROGRAM
WHERE WE WORK
MESSAGE FROM THE COUNTRY DIRECTOR
Dear friends of Oxfam, Oxfam has been present in Bangladesh since the day of its independence, and played a key role both in meeting the humanitarian needs arising from the country’s violent birth in 1971, and in advocating strongly to the wider world that it needed to respond. The Testimony of Sixty remains a landmark document today, and we were privileged to be recognized by the government and people of Bangladesh in 2012 for our role. Now in the second decade of the 21st century, Bangladesh again faces enormous challenges as it strives to create a modern, prosperous state where all citizens can realize their basic rights. Our new Joint Country Strategy commits us to making a measurable and significant contribution to realizing that vision in partnership with a wide range of stakeholders. In the last few years we have builtsignificant alliances, networks and consortia that have fostered real change, and we’re committed to doing more. Oxfam takes what we describe as an innovate-demonstrate-advocate- replicate approach in Bangladesh, which recognizes that in an environment with around 60m people in poverty we can reach only a tiny number through our local partners. However, we believe that by innovating and demonstrating world-class programs, and then sharing our learning and experience effectively with others, we can create transformational change through replication by government, private sector actors, other non-governmental organisations and of course by communities themselves. That’s not to discount the medium scale impact that we have through our programs – in 2012 Oxfam reached over half a million beneficiaries directly and successfully influenced policies and programs reaching millions more. Assistance provided included cash grants, business planning support, analysis of value chains and markets, Innovative technical and technological solutions, basic resilient shelters, sanitation and water, supporting families to recover rapidly from disasters and be less affected by them in the first place. We visualize all our programs in terms of how they contribute to building resilience and how they promote women’s leadership – both essential if Bangladesh is to adapt successfully to the multiple changes affecting life here, not least the huge and worsening impact of climate change.
Gareth Price-Jones Country Director, Bangladesh March 2013
OXFAM IN BANGLADESH
Oxfam is an international confederation of 17 organizations (affiliates) networked together in 94 countries, as part of a global movement for change. Oxfam has been present in Bangladesh for 42 years, and extending assistance to its people through various other organizations as early as 1954. In 1970, Oxfam as in Oxfam GB first started its journey in Bangladesh by assisting the victims devastated by a deadly cyclone. Oxfam played a commendable role during the War of Liberation in 1971 by providing food, shelter and medicine to millions of displaced people. Its milestone publication “The Testimony of Sixty” also helped to draw international attention about the humanitarian disaster in Bangladesh as caused by the war during that time and since then has continued its efforts to support Bangladesh’s people through natural disasters and numerous poverty alleviation initiatives with local partners. In this process Oxfam is always working with different stakeholders ranging from parliament and government to civil and political society activists and organizations, private sectors and even with socially excluded and vulnerable people. Under the process of “single management structure” the Oxfam International confederation that began in 1995 is gradually evolving the way it works in 98 countries. This would mean just one Oxfam will now be in charge to carry out a single country strategy. Bangladesh has also adopted the change in January 2013.There are four Oxfam affiliates working in Bangladesh: Oxfam Australia, Oxfam Great Britain Oxfam Oxfam Hong Kong and Oxfam Novib where Oxfam GB will manage Oxfam’s work towards the Joint Country Analysis and Strategy and others will act as the implementing affiliates.
Oxfam will realise this vision through delivering on four Country Change objectives: 1. More women in Bangladesh will be free to make decisions concerning themselves, their families, their community and their country. They will be empowered to do this through their realisation of their rights, their control of resources, their freedom from violence, and their access to and influence within social and political space. The quality of education for all is enhanced and more girls and young women will have access to quality education enabling them to fully participate in life and society and claim their rights. The most marginalised women, men, girls and boys have increased food and income security through increased resilience of their communities and livelihoods to change and disaster. Vulnerable communities, government and humanitarian actors will be prepared for, and able to cope and adapt to shocks, resulting in reduced negative impact, more rapid and effective response, and more rapid recovery.
OXFAM’S VISION FOR BANGLADESH
To make a significant contribution to creating an environment containing empowered, resilient communities where women and men contribute jointly to good governance and leadership across Bangladesh.
By achieving progress against these four Country Objectives by 2015, Oxfam will be able to demonstrate that it has significantly contributed to creating an environment containing empowered, resilient communities where women and men contribute jointly to good governance and leadership across Bangladesh.
BRIEF ON OXFAM AFFILIATES IN BANGLADESH
OXFAM APPROACH IN BANGLADESH
OXFAM’S MODEL OF CHANGE IN BANGLADESH
The diagram below illustrates how all Oxfam affiliates will support both medium scale change through direct facilitation and delivery through local partners, and large scale change through creating and demonstrating effective models of development that can be replicated by other actors including communities themselves, government, multilaterals, NGOS, Micro-finance Institutions (MFIs) social businesses, private sector actors and others.
Existing environment as outlined in Joint Country Analysis
Oxfam Great Britain was the first Oxfam, created in 1942 during the Second World War when a group of university students founded the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief, to provide relieve to those affected by the famine in Greece. In 1948 they opened the first second-hand shop to raise money for Oxfam. Oxfam GB was previously known as Oxfam United Kingdom and Ireland, until Oxfam Ireland was created in 1998. It was one of the founding affiliates of Oxfam International in 1995.
Planned role of Oxfam
Innovate Working with communities and wide groups of stakeholders, apply our knowledge and expertise to develop specific theories of change and identify new ways of impacting on poverty and suffering.
Oxfam Novib began as Novib in 1956, the first politically independent and non-religious development organisation in the Netherlands. After the 1953 floods the Netherlands received a lot of aid from abroad including India. Father Simon Jelsma and others wanted to return the favor and as result they founded Novib to help people in Third World countries. Novib is an abbreviation that stands for "NederlandseOrganisatieVoorInternationaleBijstand" (Dutch organization for international aid) which was later changed to "NederlandseOrganisatievoorInternationaleOntwikkelingssamenwerking" (Dutch organization for international development cooperation) due to a change in approach of development work. In 1994, then called, Novib became an affiliate of Oxfam and for this reason the organization changed its name as of March 18th 2006 to Oxfam Novib.
External and internal program cycle learning and research informs innovation Communities and Partners innovate and support Oxfam innovation and enable demonstration Consortium Partners enable larger scale demonstration Government (Effective State) supports demonstration and engages with learning Private Sector provide resources ideas and market links Donors provide resources and ideas
PARTICIPATORY PRO – POOR POSITIVE CHANGE at local, national and international levels.
Capacity Support to Partners Demonstrate Test the hypotheses, see if they work in practice. Make a difference. Capture and ‘knowledge manage’ high quality evidence that demonstrates whether it works or not, and at what scale. Even if it doesn’t work, ensure this is captured, as it will prevent failed approaches being repeated.
Communities replicate approaches they value using their own resources
Government replicates public impact approaches using national resources
MEDIUM SCALE OXFAM-FACILITATED CHANGE
Private Sector replicates profitable approaches
OXFAM HONG KONG
Oxfam Hong Kong began as an office of Oxfam GB, when, in 1950, an office was opened to meet the massive demands created by an influx of 2.5 million immigrants from China. In 1967 this office closed, as the economy of Hong Kong began to flourish. Nine years later, in 1976, volunteers set up Oxfam Group, Hong Kong, which renamed as Oxfam Hong Kong in 1988, and registered as an independent development and relief agency.
Advocate Tell people about successes – and failures. Share the evidence. Win over Donors, Government and other stakeholders. Campaign for others to deliver policies and programs that work.
Donors’ Replicate high impact approaches
Replicate Ensure that the approaches get taken forward by a range of actors on a large enough scale to really make a difference. And in Bangladesh, with around 65 million people under the poverty line, that means on a seriously large scale!
Oxfam Australia started as Food for Peace Campaign in 1953, in Melbourne, Australia. Food for Peace Campaign was a church-affiliated group who sent weekly donations to a small health project in India. In 1962 Food for Peace Campaign became Community Aid Abroad, and then in 1995, after joining Oxfam International as a founding affiliate, became Oxfam Community Aid Abroad. In 2005 they finally became Oxfam Australia.
LARGE SCALE SCALE CHANGE LARGE CHANGE
Note that this model of change represents an overall program approach and does not replace individual program/project specific change and logic models
An environment containing empowered, resilient communities where women and men contribute jointly to good governance and leadership across Bangladesh
SNAPSHOT OF COUNTRY’S KEY DOCUMENTS
< Bangladesh Country Strategy 2013-16
< Bangladesh Country Analysis
< Bangladesh Country Operation Model
DIVERSITY–LEADERSHIP AND RIGHTS OF MARGINALISED COMMUNITY PROJECT
September 2007 - March 2015 Supported By: Oxfam GB, Danish Embassy and European Union Implementing partners: BSDO, ASUS, AMS, JAKS, HMRKP, PASKOP, ECDO, IPDS, Pollisree, Kapaeeng Foundation, IED, SHAREE Location of Impact: Northeast, Southeast part and National level Background More than 46 diverse ethnic minorities (indigenous peoples) are living in Bangladesh with distinct culture, language and customs. They are mostly politically marginalised and socio-economically disadvantaged citizens. This project aims to improve life of the indigenous peoples through enhancing capacity of their organizations to assert rights, consolidation of land rights, improving livelihoods and promotion of bilingual education at pre-primary level. This project is working on Rights Based Approach emphasizing on women leadership framework. Objective This project aims to improve the life of indigenous peoples through enhancing capacity of organizations and to assert rights, consolidation of land rights, improving livelihoods and promotion of bilingual education at pre-primary level. Outputs
• • • • • • • •
60% Special Standing Committee form in the UP increased 700 Community members know the existing land laws and are proactive to update ownership documents Accessed 167 acres khas land for 1213 indigenous households 40% Representation increased in the local management committees Mainstreaming education by setting up 100 pre-primary schools for 25000 IP students Publishing Annual Human Rights Report on Indigenous Peoples since 2008 Strong advocacy in policy level including civil society mobilization Increasing HHs level income through economic activities.
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497 TSS/CBOs trained and mobilized to function independently 40% Numbers of women-men representation in the Local Government Institutes (LGIs) improved 50% of indigenous participant’s access to the social safety net program services 120 Women organizations established at community level
Strengthening NSAs to claim rights and services for extreme marginalized and socially excluded communities of Bangladesh
September 2010- August 2013 Supported by: European Union Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: BSDO, BITA, Pollisree, Zibika, SDS Location of Impact: Dinajpur, Naogaon,Kurigram, Shariatpur, Chittagong, Noakhali, Laxmipur
Background The project aims to facilitate a comprehensive community development approach, which creates social and economic opportunities for the vulnerable and marginalized, to identify and bring about changes in their socio-economic status. Strengthening capacity of non state actors (NSA) to influence decision makers in favour of poor people’s rights and entitlement. Developing micro level plans jointly by the marginalized communities and non state actors; will also support effective implementation through developing accountability, at the outset, with service providers. Project participants will have increased understanding of individual and community rights and entitlements, equity and government essential services. Through the activities, project participants will increase their access to economic opportunities in government safety nets, private (formal & informal) sectors and self-employment. In addition participants and concerned community members will also gain available information related to essential services like food, agriculture, education, health, employment, law & justice etc. The project is aimed to draw the attention of policy and decision makers to make them responsive regarding good practices of service availing process and economic growth models developed within this programme at local levels. This will create enabling environment through improved local government practices such as monitoring of services under national policy framework. Objective To strengthen civil society and community-based organization which enables the most vulnerable, marginalized, economically, socially & geographically excluded women and men to have sustainable access to essential services and economic opportunities.
Outputs • 153 Unit Development Committee (UDC) formed and 5355 members emerged as Non State Actors 1224 NSA has been strengthened to facilitate poor vulnerable women and men • access to essential services • 153 UDC level community action plans developed. • One of the UDC/NSA members participating in UP plan is a woman • At least 4 UDC & NSA representatives (per UDC) participated in UP budget & development scheme preparation and implementation process 60% of the vulnerable and excluded beneficiaries access at least 3-essential • services of Government. • At least 30% of target beneficiaries access social protection programmes like 100-days employment generation scheme, Vulnerable Group Development (VGD), Vulnerable Group Feeding (VGF) and Cash for Work. Local government representatives from 25% UDC areas demand more services • from central government through upazila and district administration • Locally Elected Bodies initiate at least one direct measure to ensure effective service delivery • National level convention on poor people’s rights held in 2012 & 2013 where Ministers, MPs, Government Secretaries, eminent civil society members, renowned journalists and 500 grassroots people were present. • UDC and NSA members are getting membership in local power structure such as UP standing committee, local market committee, school management committee etc 7 district level civil society forums have been formed and jointly working with • NSAs & UDCs.
Women's Leadership Development & Participation Program
July 2011-June 2014 Supported By: Oxfam Aus, Oxfam HK, Oxfam GB Affiliate: Oxfam GB
Background Women’s transformative leadership focuses on engaging women with a clear purpose of increasing their active participation and influence within intra-household dynamics and public decision-making. It also specifies how they can exercise their leadership skills in their own lives. It enables a kind of social and family environment for shifting and balancing of power relationships between men and women by asserting Women’s Transformational Leadership (WTL), which not only helps preventing Violence Against Women (VAW), but also aims to promote gender justice as a whole. The project endeavors to create space for women to take lead role to bring changes within their lives, family and the community, transform the traditional gender roles, shifting the power dynamics eventually through their transformational changes. Strong linkage established between program and WE CAN campaign in terms of technical and strategic support. Women’s platform established from local to national level and build strong linkages between national women’s movement, civil society movement and government in order to create solidarity and gender equity. The WTL project also aims at different types of action research, documentation of knowledge & the process of change, best practices and develop case studies, by collecting live stories of Change Agents linked to women's leadership, ending VAW, diversity, policy and practice level changes through programmatic, campaign & advocacy approach from local to national and regional level. Objective Project aims at enabling women to emerge as social leaders and transform their leadership quality into power so as to uphold women’s human rights and reaching decision-making positions in the family and the community.
Increase women’s confidence to challenge injustice and inequalities and claim their rights and entitlements through increased participation in decision-making process at both formal and informal structures. Develop collective social stand for women and men to challenge the incidence of VAW and increase sensitivity of the service providers to create easy access to the OCCs (One Stop Crisis Centre) and shelter support/ service centers for survivors of VAW and get access to the judiciary system, ensuring justice. Women and organizational staff are clear on Women Transformational Leadership (social, political and economic) and are committed to promote gender equality.
Outputs 200 women’s platform constructed to monitor incidents domestic violence and improving women’s confidence and stand against social injustice. Published 2 communication materials on Women Transformative Leadership • and Ending Violence Against Women and distribute among the 10000 direct project participants. • In 6 districts Women Collective Platform will be evolved through involvement of women who have experience of transformation and related challenges. Mobilisation of 10000 new change makers through different Oxfam projects • challenge VAW, as well as take visible action to challenge it as a social crime. • A total 750 women received in-depth training on Women’s Transformative Leadership and played the leading role in mobilisation of local women. • Established functional relationship with 100 Union Council (Elected body at local level) and 30 Police Stations and support survivors of VAW to get access to the justice system.
Strengthening Movement to Advance Women’s Rights and Gender Equality
July 2010 – September 2014 Supported by : The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Implementing Partner: STEPS Location of impact: 16 districts in Bangladesh
Objective A conducive environment is created for women and men to exercise equal rights and enjoy equal opportunities in a violence free environment. Outputs • Increase number of women voter turnout increased (election commission report)
• • • • • • • • • • •
Increase use of Government resources by women (Register of government offices) Increase use of government services by women (Register of government offices) Increased number of women opening bank accounts (Local bank records -number of male/female clients) Decrease maternal mortality (Government Health report) More women getting nomination from political parties (Party nomination list) Increase reporting of VAW incidences (NNPC/Police register) Number of women victims get verdict in favor of them from the VAW cases (Court Records) Number of media practicing gender sensitive media policy Reduce incidence of early marriages Reduce domestic violence Reduce level of sexual harassment at institutional levels
WEMAN and Gender & HIV/AIDS Mainstreaming
October 2012 - 30 September 2013 Supported by: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Implementing Partner: INAFI Bangladesh Location of Impact:
Background INAFI (International Network of Alternative Financial Instaurations) Bangladesh has been piloting Gender Action Learning System, more commonly known as GALS, in Bangladesh to promote gender justice in economic development. INAFI Bangladesh, with the support of Oxfam Novib, initiated a project titled “INAFI BAN: WEMAN and Gender & HIV/AIDS Mainstreaming”. As part of this project, INAFI Bangladesh is also implementing two other action plans for mainstreaming gender and HIV/AIDS. INAFI Bangladesh has completed 1st year of the project. Till now, INAFI has completed activities as described in the original proposal. GALS module has been customized in Bangladesh context and has been rolled out in 6 partner NGOs targeting 270 community participants. Outputs Objective
• • •
• • • •
To replicate GALS methodology in Bangladesh through selected NGOs/MFIs To encourage the participating MFI/ NGOs to continue the process (GALS) as a mainstreaming program To promote this process (GALS) and provide assistance in case of different stakeholders interest To sensitize INAFI MOs on gender and HIV/AIDS related issues.
Customize GALS module in Bangladesh context and disseminate among the community participants in Bangladesh who are also microfinance beneficiaries of the six partner NGOs of INAFI Bangladesh for the project Sensitizing INAFI Bangladesh member organizations (MOs) as well as INAFI staff on gender issues and promoting gender mainstreaming in both INAFI and its MOs Sensitizing INAFI Bangladesh MOs regarding HIV/AIDS mainstreaming.
WeCan Alliance in Bangladesh
January 2012-December 2014 Supported by: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Implementing Partner: WeCan Alliance in Bangladesh Location of Impact: 48 District level Alliances and one National level Alliance
Background “Amrai Pari” (WeCan) Campaign was launched to tackle the deep-rooted discrimination against women existing in the society. In Bangladesh WeCan has been emerged as an alliance led campaign. After the initial success of the campaign activities support by Oxfam-Novib and OGB (September 2005 – September 2011), WeCan has initiated a project with the support of Oxfam-Novib entitled: WeCan Campaign in Bangladesh for the period of January 2012 to December 2014 Amrai Pari (WeCan) is based on the belief that women are of equal value to men and violence against them is a violation of their basic human rights and thus, there is a need to end all violence against women. The goal of ‘Amrai Pari’ is to achieve a fundamental shift in social attitudes and beliefs that support and normalize violence against women all over Bangladesh. ‘Amrai Pari’ aims to not only reduce the instances of the crimes against women in Bangladesh, it aims to change the mind-set of the ordinary people who perpetrate and/or accept such atrocities as part of their daily life. Ultimately, ‘Amrai Pari (WeCan)’ aims to place women side by side with their male partners in society, because a violence–free society is possible only when equal partnership between husband and wife exists. WeCan Campaign consists of 48 District level Alliances and one National level Alliance. The campaign has spread over 55 districts. Objective 1. To enhance the primary shift in social attitudes and beliefs that support VAW. 2. 3. To strengthen a platform of alliance, organization, institution and individuals towards a collective and visible stand on violence against women. To enhance women empowerment to reduce domestic violence.
To create a favorable environment for formulation and implementation of gender sensitive policies and program at selected sector.
Outputs • Messages of Domestic Violence (DV) has reached around 50 million individuals/families through Change makers initiative, WE CAN materials, newspapers, TV channel ( national & private) and events.
• • • • •
WE CAN campaign messages has been spread out at 7 divisions ( out of 7), 55 districts, 472 upazilla (out of 596), 2384 union (out of 4806).( According the data base of Change maker) At 48 districts WE CAN district alliances have been formed. Where a total of 1283 people are the member of district committee. Male are 766 and female are 517. 950000 individuals have taken pledge and enrolled as CMs. They are designing and implementing the campaign events on their own responsibility, while district alliance are facilitating the whole process. 400 Union Councils, 700 Education Institutes, 300 Youth Clubs has been reconciled as key institutions to visibly stand ending VAW. An independent and strong base of National alliance has been shaped with the participation of 236 organizations - INGO, NGO, CBO, CSO, cultural groups, educational institutes etc. All are declaring them as the member of WE CAN national alliance.
Amar Odhikar Campaign (AOC) the OI Essential Service Campaign in Bangladesh
May 2011 - April 2015 Supported By: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) and partial support from Oxfam Hong Kong Affiliate: Oxfam Novib and OxfamGB Implementing partners: AmarOdhikar Campaign Alliance Location of Impact: 21 Districts Background AOC Campaign phase-II has been designed for four years with the overall objective of enhancing the quality of primary teaching by mid-2015 and meet specific objectives as by mid-2014. AOC has effectively influenced the proper accountability mechanisms on the quality of existing primary teaching, which are validated and effectively implemented in the targeted 21 districts. Objective To ensure essential services for all, especially for poor, marginalized and vulnerable section of the society. Phase 1 concentrated on basic education. Now that the enrollment rates for Bangladesh are quite good, the strategic priority for AOC phase II is to achieve that children actually learn well in school (quality education for all). Outputs
a level that they can: - effectively claim their right to monitor the quality of primary teaching and of primary teachers' performance, - denounce instances where these remain below standard and/or in cases where gender and others forms of socio-cultural discrimination take place and - advise on the extension of the teachers' contracts
• • •
By mid-2015 AOC has influenced the implementation of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2010 By mid-2015, AOC has influenced the Ministry of Education (MoE)/Ministry of Primary and Mass Education (MoPME) effectively and transparently By mid-2015 AOC has taken action to: empower community members in at least 210 communities in 21 districts, and strengthen their capacity to such
By mid-2015, AOC functions as a prominent, relevant and influential alliance to increase the accountability on the quality of primary teaching.
Promoting Pro-Poor Policy Reforms and Public Services for All
January 2010 - December 2012 ( Phase 1) Supported by: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Implementing Partner: Sushashoner Jonno Procharavizan (SUPRO) Location of Impact: 64 Districts (initially it was 45 districts) Background Sushashoner Jonno Procharavizan-SUPRO is a network of grassroots NGOs and Civil Service Organizations (CSOs) in Bangladesh. From the inception SUPRO took progressive position upholding the rights of marginalized people and community including women and children by facilitating local NGOs for grassroots activism thereby building capacity to integrate rights based approach. One significant characteristic of SUPRO’s interventions is the grassroots activism on national level policy issues. SUPRO is committed to strengthening the national network of grassroots NGOs working to establish economic, social and cultural rights of the people without any discrimination based on sex, religion, caste, class etc. SUPRO was founded in 2000 and currently SUPRO is represented by 600 NGOs and CSOs in 45 districts. SUPRO has been focusing mainly on the issues of Promoting Pro-poor policy reforms, Public expenditure, budget tracking and Millennium Development Goal (MDG) monitoring, Essential services campaign, Promoting good governance practices, Linking grassroots to national and international level, Challenging hegemony of dominant discourse. The proposed project of Promoting pro-poor policy reforms and public services for all has been designed to address the four thematic issues: campaign for participatory budget & governance accountability, campaign for education and health for all, linking local campaign to global civil society movement- aid, trade and climate justice , strengthening institutional capacity of SUPRO. Objective To promoting pro-poor policy reforms and campaign to improve public services for all. Outputs Component A. Campaign for Participatory Budget & Governance Accountability:
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Facilitators Training on Budget & Economic Literacy for 45 district campaigners 16 Trainings for grassroots campaigners on participatory budget formulation and campaign mobilization 51 Batches Grass Roots Workshop with elected representatives of local government bodies on Participatory budget and governance accountability. ( in 20 districts) Pre-budget seminar at 45 districts and 1 at National level Post-Budget Seminar 2012-2013 at Districts and National Level Budget tracking on Agriculture Budget tracking on safety net programs Budget Advocacy and Parliamentarians and Policy Makers at National Level Publication of Annual Budget Watch Publication of Campaign Materials (poster, leaflets, stickers, charts of demand) Grassroots Mobilization on International Poverty Day at (45 districts and 1 national level).
Campaign and advocacy aligning with international civil society movements on emerging issues including Mobilization on Global week of action Participation in regional and global civil society movement in a view to promoting alliance with SAAPE, SAARC summit, Jubilee Netherlands, Jubilee South , APMDD and GCAP networks ( Participation in COP-18, Training on Tax in Nairobi, People’s SAARC in Srilanka, Meeting of SAAPE in Nepal).
Component D. Strengthening institutional capacity of SUPRO
3 Trainings for district campaigners on Gender Justice and Gender Mainstreaming 3 Trainings for district campaigner on People’s Centered Advocacy
Component E. Planning and Organizational Development
Component B: Campaign for Education and Health for All
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Budget monitoring and expenditure tracking report of primary and mass education Budget monitoring and expenditure tracking of Health Budget of Bangladesh at National Level Performance Monitoring/social audit of primary education in 20 dist. Performance Monitoring/social audit of public health care services in 20 dist. Seminar on findings of social audit on public health care and education at 20 districts Publication of yearly report on Status of Health & Education in Bangladesh. National level Seminar on status of Health and Education Mobilization on International Literacy Day, 8 September at 45 districts and 1 national level.
Component C. Linking local campaign to global civil society movement-Aid, Trade and Climate Justice
National level seminar on aid, trade and climate justice Mobilization on World Food Day (45 Dist 1 National)
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National Convention of Networking Members Annual General Meeting Meeting of District Campaign Committees at district level (45 Districts) 2 Executive Board Meetings have been arranged Annual program review 4 Publication of quarterly newsletter SUPRO Probaho Publication of Annual Report Publication of Annual Calendar Resource center development & Newspapers, Books End line evaluation (external) Annual External Audit Internal Audit 2 Trainings workshop for Journalist on budget and economic literacy Training workshop on Integrated HIV/AIDS in development Capacity building of Secretariat staff through training and exchange program Capacity building for networking member through training and exchange program Publication of training manual on budget and economic literacy Three days long workshop for SUPRO policy makers on HIV/AIDs One day long workshop at national level to policy formation on HIV/AIDs Policy Paper Publication on HIV/AIDs 2 Partnership Building meeting with expert organization
Promoting Pro-Poor Policy Reforms and Public Service for All
January 2013 - December 2015 (Phase 2) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Implementing partners: Shshasoner Jonny Proacharavizan (SUPRO) Location of Impact: 45 Districts Background SUPRO’s project for the period of Jan. 2010 to Dec. 2012 “Promoting pro-poor policy reforms and public services for all” will address the gaps under four thematic issues: A. Campaign for Participatory Budget & Governance Accountability B. Campaign for Education and Health for all C. Linking local campaign to global civil society movement- Aid, Trade and Climate justice D. Strengthening institutional capacity of SUPRO. The national budget is a reflection of government priority and policies. SUPRO believes that establishment of domestic ownership over development policies will be one of the most important prerequisites for successful implementation of pro-poor policy reforms and good governance in the context of Bangladesh. Through proactive engagement of the civil society and stakeholders in the process of policy design and implementation will pay high dividends in terms of successfully addressing the challenges of eliminating the poverty and inequality in Bangladesh. Through budget analysis and campaign, SUPRO will critically review the governance of public expenditure in Bangladesh through action research and through dissemination of knowledge and information on poverty and livelihood issues, and by influencing the policy and practice changes in the country. The issue of human poverty will be addressed through essential services campaign. The activities have been taken under the project to materialize the demand that government will take initiative to declare education and health as fundamental rights and also to allocate resources accordingly. Activities will also be taken to monitor the public expenses for health and education for better performance and making government accountable.
Objective • To establish economic justice for all through sensitizing and capacitating civil society actors on participatory budget campaign and governance accountability on public expenditure specially for public services. • To make government accountable for essential services (health and education) recognizing it as fundamental rights. To develop institutional capacity of SUPRO as civil society pressure group to • reform policy and institutes for achieving economic justice and right to education, health for all. Outputs • Creating awareness and popularizing budget analysis both at grassroots and national level The strong Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRSP) campaign compelled • government to introduce provision for grassroots consultation • SUPRO is well-known as an organization in promoting alternatives to neo-liberal development paradigm and pro-poor policy advocates • Popularized the MDG issues and successfully questioned the External debt cancellation issue linking it with the process of attaining MDGs in general and ES in particular • Successfully sensitized various stakeholders on Human Rights issues and good governance to a great extent Demonstrated efficiency in bringing grassroots voices into the national and • international forums on various issues such as external debt, MDG and budget allocation A number of influential policy actors and politicians are motivated and count • on SUPRO for its consistent advocacy for pro-poor policy changes • Popularized the demand for debt cancellation and claiming ODA target of 0.7% of GNI of developed countries without any conditionality.
Sexual & Reproductive Health and Rights-Education (SRHR-E) [Doel Campaign Bangladesh]
2012 - 2016 Supported By: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Implementing partners: Oxfam Novib (leader), BRAC, CAMPE, FPAB, HASAB and BNPS Location of Impact: Bangladesh nationwide, with targeted interventions in ten districts that have strategic leverage and where the consortium partners have outreach: Dhaka, Narshigdi, Sylhet, Jessore, Barhatta (Netrokona), Gaibandha, Rangpur, Tangail, Jamalpur, Khulna
• • • • • •
Background This is a five-year campaign-based program. The change that this program aims to contribute to, is that adolescents in Bangladesh have adequate skills and information to exercise their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and make free and informed decisions in an enabling and safe environment, so that they suffer less from major sexual and reproductive health hazards. It is targeted to both parents and adolescents, and concentrates on making it possible for adolescents to timely access the right SRHR information and develop the corresponding life skills, and gradually break down the wall of silence that causes so much trauma and mother and child deaths. Objective It is targeted to parents, adolescents, community leaders and media. The project concentrates on making it possible for adolescents to timely access the right SRHR information and develop the corresponding life skills, and gradually break down the wall of silence that causes so much trauma and mother and child deaths.
5% of the parents with adolescents who are targeted to give their support to sex education as a means to defeat maternal mortality and SRH problems caused by early pregnancies and unsafe sexual behaviour 12 leading media journalists, who are mobilised to spread positive messages about SRHR education and safe behaviour 250 potentially opposing politicians, who are confronted with the Muslim teachings on SRHR and safe behaviour, and motivated to support formal and informal SRHR curricula 0.3 million grade 5 to 10 students who receive comprehensive sexuality education 2.5 million out of school youth, who are educated on SRHR through help lines and peer education The mechanisms for adolescent’s full and comprehensive SRHR education are properly institutionalized as the NCTB acknowledges the complementary SRHR learning cycles, the unified peer educators platform evolves into a professional association, and the unified toll free SRHR helpline number is massively known.
Promoting Tax Justice in Bangladesh
January 2013 - December 2013 Supported by: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Implementing partners: SushashonerJonnoProcharavizan (SUPRO) Location of Impact: 45 Districts
Background In 2012, SUPRO has become one of the partner of CRAFT project which is a consortium of 9 organizations of 9 different countries of Africa and Asia. The consortium partners will co-operate with each other on a project entitled “Capacity for Research and Advocacy for Fair Taxation “ (CRAFT); the project has three phases. Based on the objective of the consortium, Bangladesh has already done a situation analysis on “Tax Justice in Bangladesh” .Based on research findings to make the Bangladesh Tax System to be more pro-people and people specific demands has been placed by the implementing partner SUPRO. Objective The overall objective of the “Promoting Tax Justice in Bangladesh” is to find out information through base line survey, action research on the tax issue and to build on the foundation of the next phase of project and its learning. The extensive capacity building activities will be carried out in the pilot phase along with national alliance building, south-east Asia alliance building. Outputs
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Government institutions will be pro-people and will adopt participatory approach in introducing policies and relevant system Gaps will be identified through peoples’ participation for further improvement by the administration Mass awareness campaign and community mobilization through information dissemination Taxation is in more progressive manner, considering marginal peoples’ agenda Grassroots campaign has been initiated to be linked with national movement through the national alliance Campaign related to fair taxation is being initiated to be linked with regional and international movements.
7th DIPECHO Action Plan Building a Disaster Resilient Bangladesh
March 2013 - August 2014 Implementing Partner: VARD Location of Impact: Sylhet Background Oxfam is implementing the 7th DIPECHO Action plan in 7 wards of Sylhet City Corporation including national level advocacy. The project addressed mainly earthquake; working closely with the local communities and local and national government organizations, the project aims to increase resilience and establish a culture of disaster risk reduction among communities and institutions vulnerable to natural hazards. The program aims to enhance their preparedness and response capacities through strengthening institutional arrangements both at government and non-government levels, which ensures four results around strengthening a standardized urban and rural Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR) models and ensure effective implementation of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) policies and legal framework in Bangladesh. Targeted communities and institutions thus will increase capacity to assess and motivate disaster risks, heighten preparedness for effective response; increase knowledge sharing enables a greater impact risk reduction and strengthens a culture of safety in Bangladesh. Objective To promote standardized DIPECHO urban and rural CBDRR models with a focus on inclusion and replication through integration into DRR instruments and development programs. Outputs • DIPECHO’s urban models are replicated by government, communities and other NGOs • At least 60% of the targeted City Corporation Disaster Management Committees (CCDMCs) and Ward Disaster Management Committees (WDMCs) institutionalize the risk assessment process within annual development plans • Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP’s) national response plans integrate 7 urban ward response plans
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100% of the targeted schools and district education offices demonstrated capacity to implement DIPECHO’s SBDP model 20% of school disaster management plan actions are implemented jointly by School Management Committee (SMCs) and district administration, NARRI and others funding sources Line departments of Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDM&R) and Ministry of Local Government Development and Cooperative (MoLGRD&C) are mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into respective sector programme and plans DIPECHO partners, jointly with Department of Disaster Management (DDM) and CDMP, standardized capacity building processes of district, upazilla and union DMCs in rural areas and city corporation and ward DMCs in urban areas for wider replication NARRI and implementing partner organizations mainstreamed DIPECHO’s CBDRR models into individual organizations’ policy and projects National Platform standardizes DRR and humanitarian response practices and leads HFA progress reporting Targeted city corporations are replicating risk assessment processes and implementing at least 20% RRAP measures through different internal and external funding sources 20% of targeted populations are aware and practice at least 7 new preparedness and non-structural mitigation measures by the end of the project.
Innovation Project: Developing Alternative Risk Transfer Mechanism of Disaster & Climate Vulnerable Communities
June 2012 – March 2014 Supported By: Oxfam GB and Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC) Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: MMS Technical Partners: CIRM and IWM Location of Impact: Siranjgonj Outputs Background The project is part of the innovation fund and has the following mandate: To come up with innovative and commercially viable options (products) protecting asset of the communities in areas made vulnerable by disaster and climate change. It also brings in a multi-stakeholder initiative including the private sector, CBOs, Microfinance Institutes, donors, the government and the civil society as bedrock of innovative programming. The project will bring in specific learning on natural catastrophic flood insurance from the piloting areas and learning would guide on scaling up of Oxfam work nationally, regionally and globally. Objective The project aims to come up with innovative and commercially viable options asset protection for communities in areas made vulnerable by disaster and climate change.
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Engage with key institutions including academia, the government, the civil society groups and the private sector Assess gender differential variables in terms of risk transfer and identifying differential products Formed multi stakeholder steering committee to take strategic decision Organized Advisory Committee meetings Organized national advocacy workshop Developed Meso level index based flood insurance product Developed premium and payout mechanism Developed Insurance policy wording Engaged Potential insurer and re-insurer Signed between Insurer, re-insurer, MFI and agencies Monitored the activities and documentation of learning.
September 2011 – August 2015 Supported By: DFID and EEP/SHIREE Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: Dak Diye Jai, Jago Nari and WAVE Foundation Location of Impact: Pirojpur, Patuakhali and Barguna Background Overall objectives of the project is to build resilient community against shocks and change , emphasize on building informed leadership at community level, especially women leadership , contributing in creating livelihood opportunities adaptable to changing climate conditions, better market linkage for economically viable options and mobilize collective voice to end domestic violence. The model of developing resilient community with women leadership mostly stemmed from pilot phase of Oxfam funded project and planned to scale up horizontally in 3 districts of Coastal region in Bangladesh with coverage of 10500 extreme poor HH as direct beneficiaries. Accordingly the project concept accepted by DFID & EEP/Shiree as proven model of change in graduating extreme poor out of poverty through rigorous independent external assessment before finalized for funding support. The graduation model developed to move out of poverty emphasized on improving five major capitals for human wellbeing and build capacity to adopt with shock and change. Further analysis depicted that improved nutrition in women & children, who produce multiplier effect on human development and ensure expected return against project contribution. Accordingly after 1st year operation the scope has widened to integrate nutrition intervention for children aged under 2, adolescent girls, pregnant & breastfeeding women and intervention mostly concentrate on behavior change in infant feeding practice, personal hygiene and food habit of mother within the existing livelihood project for extended period with additional funding provision. Objective By 2015 a total of 10,500 economically extreme poor (Bottom 10%HH) households will be uplifted from the shocks, challenges of extreme poverty. Outputs • 365 Community Based Organizations (CBO) formed and functioning • 1899 monthly EC meeting conducted at community level
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28 community led stakeholders participatory risk analysis conducted at village level 364 CBO received daylong orientation on organizational development 95 CBO annual development plan developed at CBO level 26 meeting conducted between CBO leaders and UP bodies for improve access to public services 2200 family received different SSNP scheme support 30 CBO initiated food bank at community level 57 CBO initiated community savings 61 campaign event organize at community level to raise voice against VAW 54 wall panting displayed messages on reducing VAW and other social discriminatory practices 10547 targeted family developed IGA based business plan and identify alternative income options 5211 people from targeted family received orientation on livestock and poultry rearing 8922family received direct assets support value equivalent to BDT 10000 per family 473 family started deposit savings in formal bank 7227 HH engaged in CFW as alternative employment opportunity and received cash for daily consumption support 100 disaster resilient latrines installed with thatched wall 204 cultural show organized at community level on disaster, preparedness and women role in mitigation risk 5000 BTHH evolved as producer group for Duck value chain 85 reports published in daily newspaper 03 learning sharing meeting organized at district level.
Resilience through Economic Empowerment, Climate Adaptation, Leadership AND Learning (REE-CALL)
April 2012 – March 2013 Supported By: Oxfam GB, Oxfam Hong Kong, ANCP Projects Direct, MSCT & HD Implementing partners: PLS, SEED, GUK, SKS, MMS, POPI, GC, BNPS, SDI, NSS, AKK and Shushilan Affiliate: Oxfam GB Location of Impact: Nilphamari, Rangpur, Kurigram, Gaibandha, Sirajganj, Jamalpur, Kishoreganj, Netrokona, Faridpur, Chittagong, Satkhira and Barguna Background The REE-CALL project aims to develop resilient communities through enhanced economic empowerment, building anticipation capacity of community regarding climate variability, developing women leadership, creating livelihood options and prepare communities to face the impacts of climate change and disasters. The proposed project is an experimental rights based approach initiative, inclusive CBO approach, incorporate current community practices on DRR with scientific research on climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction, linking poor producer with market and value chain, enhancing economic empowerment and livelihoods. Objective To empower women and men most at risk of disaster and climate change in Bangladesh so that can thrive in spite of shocks and change. Outputs
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200 Women and men producer groups are directly involved in five value chain activities through private sector engagement 5 value chains identified and business plan of producer groups developed Poor and women producer are linked with 6 national and local level private sectors 210 Disaster resilient sanitary household latrines and tube-wells installed 100 Homesteads raised above the highest flood level 100% of project participants raised awareness of DRR 70% of project participants at all levels are women 2,000 Project participants received skill enhancement training and asset transfer support 1500 Change Makers developed who are actively protesting against Domestic Violence 225 women, adolescent group and women adda organized to address women issues.
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225 Community Based Organizations (CBO) formed with women leadership 225 Producer Groups (PG) formed and linked with market 300 Community volunteers provided with training on DRR, CCA and NRM 225 village level PCVA done, triangulated with Union Level CRA 225 community based contingency plan and stock ready for use
Capacity Building of Ultra Poor (CUP) Phase III
January 2013 - December 2013 Implementing Partner: Shariatpur development Society (SDS) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Location of Impact: Shariatpur Background SDS is based in Shariatpur and working predominantly on improving the livelihood of the ultra poor, disaster preparedness, gender empowerment and humanitarian response. Shariatpur is a flood, cyclone, drought and river erosion prone area. As a consequence, disaster preparedness and DRR are important components in their integrated livelihood program. The Oxfam Novib funded CUP project concerns a Capacity building project of ultra poor women in some of the charlands of Shariatpur, aiming at improving the livelihood situation of their families. Main components of the program are mobilisation, awareness raising, advocacy, promotion of livelihood, disaster preparedness, and non-formal primary education. Objective Capacity building of disaster prone vulnerable people through promotion of livelihood, develop life skills, resource mobilisation, and to create resource provision. Outputs • Building resilient community to cope with disaster
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To promote livelihood options of vulnerable char people To change policy, practices and service entitlements through advocacy and awareness campaign To enhance tailored support to community to build their confidence and reduces sufferings Efficient management of project activity.
Strengthening Non State Actors in climate change policy formulation in South Asia
April 2011 - March 2014 Supported By: The European Union Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL), Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA) Location of Impact: Bangladesh, Nepal and South Asia Background The project aims to contribute to pro poor climate change adaptation and mitigation in South Asia. The specific objective is that Non State Actors (NSAs) in Bangladesh, Nepal and at SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) level has increased capacity to engage in national, regional and global decision-making processes related to climate change and to influence policies. Estimated results include (i) communities and NSAs have increased knowledge and understanding of the impact of climate change on sustainable development and of national, regional and international climate change strategies and policies, (ii) NSAs have enhanced skills and confidence to undertake climate change advocacy and campaigning, (iii) Linkages between climate change networks across South Asia and between South Asian and European climate change networks are strengthened. (iv) civil society climate change networks establish close linkages and systematic interaction with key climate change decision-makers and other stakeholders. Objective To contribute to pro poor climate change adaptation and mitigation in South Asia Outputs • At least 4,000 community people oriented on Climate Change impact on livelihoods in 30 agro-ecological zones and on adaptation options At least 250,000 people attended 25 Climate change adaptation fairs to • understand impact and responses of climate change • At least 150,000 copies of 3 popular literatures on Climate change impacts, finance and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) published • At least 40 district level workshops organized on Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP) and climate finance tracking to influence the policy decision and governance • At least 5,000 students and 100 journalists got capacity building support on a range of climate change issues • At least 3 parliamentarians briefings on Climate change organized • At least 2 Bangladesh-EU dialogues on Climate Change negotiations organized • Participatory review of SAARC Climate Change action plan organized including mapping of civil society perspectives • Information modules on Climate Change in South Asia produced • 3 annual regional Climate Change learning events organized.
Provide safe drinking water in saline areas using solar power
April 2012 - March 2013 Supported By: State of Jersey (SOJ) Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: Banchte Shekha Location of Impact: Khulna Background Government and NGOs have been implementing Pond Sand Filter (PSFs) to treat surface water. Water from the surface is pumped through sand filters that work on the principal of “slow sand filter” on a constant flow, which creates biological film on sand layers, formed through a constant flow that removes harmful bacteria. Without constant flow of water bacteria remains and causes water borne disease. Using 10-solar powered pond sand filters, safe clean drinking water is provided to 2000 HHs/10,400 people of 10 villages in Khulna district. Objective The aim of the project is to scale up the new, appropriate and effective WASH intervention using the renewable energy and effective coordination with government agency. Total 2000 HHs/10400 women, men and children of 10 poor and vulnerable communities are getting adequate saline and pathogen free drinking water through newly installed 10 Solar energy operated Pond Sand Filters (PSF). Outputs
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Baseline Data collection Staff Training Construction of 10 PSF in 10 communities 2000 HHs/10400 women, men and children will have access to safe drinking water 10 active WPMC Final data collection
Strengthening participation and influence of poor and vulnerable farmers and Fisherfolk in decision-making processes related to food security
January 2013 - December 2015 Supported By: European Union Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: Polli Sree, SEED, ZIBIKA Location of Impact: Rangpur, Dinahpur, Kurigram Background The project is intended to strengthen the capacities of vulnerable and poor farmers and fisherfolk by uniting them under the umbrella of community based farmers’ and fisherfolk’s groups and networks. The community based farmers and fisherfolk groups and networks in all the three districts will work as active social forum to demand their rights and entitlements and hold the local government authorities accountable. This will promote their right to food security. The project is designed to enhance their knowledge understanding and access to information of existing legal and institutional provisions related to food security, and to participate in governance processes. Afterward, the farmers and fisherfolk CBOs will be linked with district and national level networks and forums for advocacy to influence food security related policies. Objective To increase the participation and influence of poor and vulnerable farmers and fisherfolk in decision-making processes related to food security in Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan. Outputs • Socio economic analysis organize in 60 villages
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6000 marginal farmer organize through 60 CBOs Formation of 3 Upazila and district level networks 26 mass gatherings organized for influencing the duty bearers
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Capacity building training for 60 CBO organizational management 54 public hearings at union Upazila and district levels 45 dialogues with high official related to food security 6 round table meetings with policy maker 3 National level conventions for influencing the policy Farmers groups and networks in Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan lobby the national decision makers to influence SAARC process to establish SAARC food and seed banks.
Regenerative Agriculture and Sustainable livelihood for Vulnerable Ecosystem (RESOLVE)
January 2013 - June 2013 Supported By: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Implementing Partner: Gona Unnayan Kendra (GUK), Gono Kalyan Sanstha (GKS), Sariatpur Development Society (SDS) and Unnayan Onneshan Location of Impact: Gaibandha, Sirajgonj and Sariatpur district Background The RESOLVE Program has been designed as part of Oxfam Novib’s Regional Climate Change and Food Security Program. The main objective is to enable impoverished communities to increase their food security and to make them resilient towards adverse impacts of climate change. Gender equity is a cross-cutting objective. The program comprises five components that are directed at climate adaptation, increased resilience against climatic shocks and advocacy on pro-poor responsiveness of the government to climate change. Objective To make communities more resilient towards adverse impacts of climate change and increase food security. Outputs
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Climate adaptive agriculture based production and consumption increased at household level Climate adaptive, culturally appropriate income generating activities promoted and Free and fair market accessibility developed for right holders Strengthen community resilience through appropriate preparedness, recovery and reorganization measures Increase Government’s (pro-poor and pro-development) responsiveness to climate change.
A multi prong beneficiary focused approach to promote increase in hand washing
July 2011 – September 2012 Supported By: Mariposa Foundation Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: Nazrul Smriti Sangsad-NSS Location of Impact: Amtali, Barguna
Background This project is based on a Participatory Action Research design. The main aim is to carry out field trials of various community-based & culturally sensitive approaches and identify the most effective approach/combination of approaches to increase uptake of hand washing in rural Bangladesh. The project is centred on working with women and children in 10 remote villages in Patuakhali District. The key approaches to be trialled are based on self mobilisation and cascade messaging by women and children. They include ignition/triggering adapted from CLTS, child to child, child to parent, child to community, play and learn, fun and learn, women’s WASH platform, women’s’ friend chain and motivating husband community mobilisation & hygiene education approaches. During these trials different hand washing devices will also be piloted. Data shall be collected at every stage of the project using a pre-developed research/implementation protocol. The key expected outcome is an effective approach/combination that can speed up increase in uptake of hand washing significantly. A successful outcome shall inform scaling up of community education on hand washing by OGB and other actors and help improve the practice from the paltry 1.7% to closely match the water & sanitation coverage. Objective The primary aim is to identify the most effective approach/combination of approaches to increase uptake of hand washing in rural Bangladesh. The key expected outcome is an effective approach/combination that can speed up increase in uptake of hand washing significantly.
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At least 800 school children of 4 schools are performing better hand washing practices 99.4% of 10,000 targeted people are practicing hand wash after defecation and before eating Presence of ash in or near the latrines in 100% latrine 60% latrines are water sealed 100% targeted HHs are using cover on water container during transportation from water source to home, drinking water preserving properly in safe place and using clean glasses during water consumption.
Building Equity in Agriculture Markets (BEAM)
August 2011 – December 2013 Supported By: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Implementing partners: Helen Keller International (HKI) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Location of Impact:Nilphamari district Background With funding support from Oxfam-Novib, HKI has been working through its homestead food production program to improve the food security, nutrition, and opportunities for marginalized households in the Northern Char area of Bangladesh for the past nine years. HKI has designed this BEAM Transition proposal as a two-year project, which retains the essential homestead food production and nutrition components of Dishari, while also buidling in the expanded gender and marketing components that are at the heart of the BEAM vision. Ultimately, the BEAM vision is that of a revised model of homestead food production, which puts gender equity at the center of the livelihood strategy; creates expanded market opportunities for women; and deliberately seeks to transform gender relations at household and community level. Objective To increase homestead food security and gender equity through establishing model on homestead food production and create expanded market opportunity for women and to transform gender relation at household & community level. Outputs Component 1: Homestead food production • Beneficiaries have a 30% increase in monthly income from sale of surplus poultry and vegetables • 90% of beneficiaries and Village Model Farmers (VMFs) demonstrate at least three improved food production, seed storage, and livestock rearing techniques taught by the project • Landless beneficiaries have 30% increase in asset ownership by end of project
40% of beneficiaries adopt container-box technology constructed with local materials by end of project.
Component 2: Essential Nutrition Actions and gender training • Beneficiaries have 30% improvement in dietary diversity scores • Beneficiary spouses (men) have a 20% average improvement in score on a knowledge test of correct maternal and child care practices 75% of beneficiaries report that family members (in-laws and spouses) • provide increased support with workloads, compared to baseline • 90% of spouses and in-laws have attended at least two nutrition, communication, or gender sessions • 10% increase in the number of beneficiaries who believe that violence against women is unacceptable. Output 3: Marketing and life skills training • 70% of beneficiaries use record-keeping to plan their own homestead food production activities • 70% of VMFs groups independently arrange transactions with non-project market actors • 70% of VMF groups establish group collection points • 90% of women report sole decision-making control over own earnings.
Poverty Reduction through Improving Diversified Employments (PRIDE)
January 2013 - June 2014 Supported By: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Implementing Partner: Gono Unnayan Kendra (GUK) Location of Impact: Gaibandha Background GUK has been implementing the project “Poverty Reduction through Improving Diversified Employments-PRIDE in 12 unions of 02 sub-districts under Gaibandha district with the financial support of Oxfam Novib. The main purpose of the project is to improve the total livelihoods of the poor and extreme poor people. Major focus
of these projects are institutional capacity building, income and employment opportunities at HHs level, disaster risk reduction, education opportunities for drop out children, creating access in government service and ensure health and sanitation. Objective Livelihood of extreme poor women improved through enhancing income generating capacity and resilience to DRR Outputs Income of households level increased and sustained, Institutional capacity of women group and their access to services increased, Reduced vulnerability to asset losses and suffering due to disaster, Good lessons and best practices from this project documented and shared for replication.
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Protecting Environmental Rights and Justice
January 2013 - December 2013 Supported By: The Dutch Ministry (MFS) Affiliate: Oxfam Novib Implementing Partner: Bangladesh Enironmental Lawyers Association (BELA) Location of Impact: Bangladesh
Background Oxfam Novib (ON) has been supporting BELA since 2004 for undertaking activities to promote the notion of environmental justice in Bangladesh. Under the previous grants, BELA initiated campaigns to protect the 4 major rivers of Dhaka and 2 major rivers of the coastal zone (Buriganga, Turag, Balu and Shitalakhya of Dhaka and Bhoirab and Mayur of Khulna), protect natural forests through greater community involvement in forest management and get legal recognition of the rights of the forest dwellers. Some activities in the areas of transboundary water management, food security (legal action against GMO) and climate justice were also undertaken in the forms of consultation, trainings, legal action, legislative advocacy and so on. It is also proposing to take up new actions in the area of inclusive governance, climate justice and water justice in order to deliver against the agreed upon benchmarks. Objective To initiate a campaign to save rivers, involve people for better forest management and protect biodiversity. Outputs • The framework for cooperation on trans boundary river is published • Articles and briefing paper on water law written and disseminated through newspapers
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Briefing papers published on issues relating to wetland and farmland grabbing by the realtors Research paper on climate justice prepared noting the needs of the most vulnerable coastal communities A network of local actors formed to demand/foster interventions to promote climate justice Judgment obtained to regulate sand mining and to protect river ecology and the river dependent communities from indiscriminate sand extraction Judgments obtained in the cases against unregulated sand mining, wetland filling, encroachment and pollution of rivers, grabbing of farm lands, gradual killing of the Chalan Beel and on protection of rights of river eroded peoples Judgment obtained in the cases filed to protect Beels, coastal & SAL forest, Mayor river, recognize the forest rights of its dwellers and declare the coastal areas as most vulnerable to climate change.
Justice for Food and Agriculture System in Bangladesh
April 2011 – March 2015 Supported By: Oxfam Australia , Oxfam Novib, Oxfam Hong Kong, Oxfam GB Implementing Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL), Governance Advocacy Coalition Location of Impact: All across Bangladesh Background This is a campaign & advocacy project framed under Oxfam International Economic Justice (OI EJ) advocacy framework. Considering the multiple contributions of agriculture in ensuring food security, employment generation, and poverty alleviation and human resources development, the project is outlined to advocate for pro poor policy frameworks favoring small and marginal farmers to ensuring food security and sustainable livelihoods for the poor people. This campaign project will initially be carried out through the ongoing economic justice campaign-Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods, and would gradually shift its focus towards new public facing campaign ‘GROW’. To contribute to the establishment/promotion of the rights of the poor, advocacy focus of this project will be to push for right based approach in all policy and programme framework relevant to food security, agriculture and climate change. Objective Main objective of this campaign project is to influence towards an equitable agricultural policy regime and a right based framework on food security over a period of 4 years. Outputs
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By March 2015 at least 20 policy researches have been completed on food security, agriculture and climate change By March 2015 at least 20 policy recommendations (on food security, agriculture and climate change) have been placed to the Government of Bangladesh through parliament, and through the executive bodies By December 2014 All Party Parliamentary Groups on Agriculture & Rural Development (APPGARD) and parliament members are oriented on CARP By December 2014, at least 100 parliamentarians/policy makers are mobilized on the proposal of a legal framework on right to food By March 2015, a draft outline of CARP that is agreed by various stakeholders will be presented to the government of Bangladesh for approval CARP discussed in the parliament and at least 20 sectoral and agro-ecological zones specify policy prescriptions under CARP addressed by the government of Bangladesh Sectoral and agro-ecological zones specific policy prescriptions under CARP addressed in 2 different national budgets during the project period.
By March 2015 at least 2 million people including small & marginalized farmers, parliamentarians, policy makers, civil society members, professionals have been made sensitized on the pro poor policy issues of food security, agriculture, and climate change
Reduced vulnerability to disasters and consequences of climate change of at-risk and poor households in the targeted districts Empowered community-based organisations and people’s institutions for effective communication, socialization and enjoyment of individual and collective wellbeing.
Wellbeing through Empowerment, Adaptation, Livelihoods, Resilience and Transformational actions for vulnerable people living in Haor (WEALTH) Program
December 2007 - July 2015 Supported By: Oxfam Hong Kong Affiliate: Oxfam Hong Kong Implementing partners: POPI, RWDO, IDEA, CNRS, SAD-BD, Chetona, ERA, PADMA, JASHIS, UPAMA and 4 other new partners Location of Impact: Kishoreganj, Sunamganj, Habiganj, Moulavi Bazar and Sylhet Background OHK WEALTH program completed its five and half years in 2012 with 10 partner organizations. The current program of OHK has been mapped against the Resilience and Economic empowerment pillars as per Joint Country Analysis and Strategies (JCAS). As agreed in JCAS, OHK is concentrated in Haor areas in its 6 Upazila’s of 2 out of 7 districts i.e. Kishoreganj and Sunamganj where many of the giant Haor’s are located. New and similar areas will be replicated in the following years up to 3 more districts including Habiganj, Sylhet and Moulavi Bazar. Additional three/four partner organizations will be working in the expanded areas. The development goal of the OHK’s program is to ensure responsible wellbeing of the poor and marginalized people. Until 2012, the focus of the programme was Community Intuitional Building, Women Empowerment and Leadership Development, Livelihood, Public Health Promotion, Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation, Natural Resource Management, Quality Education, and Campaign and Policy Advocacy. Overall objectives Enhanced sustainable livelihoods for wellbeing of 20,000 at risk and poor households living in Haor basin in Bangladesh Specific Objectives • Increased food and income security and enjoyment of better quality of life through boosting short- and long-term diversified livelihoods options of at-risk and poor people living in the districts of Sunamganj, Kishoreganj, Moulavi Bazar, and Habiganj districts
Key Expected Results • Result 1. Eighty per cent (80%) of total targeted families will have more access to food and secure income • Result 2. At least 20% of targeted population will report experience of a better quality of life • Result 3. Fifty per cent (50%) of targeted population, especially women-led households, will gain reduced vulnerability to disasters and ability to deal with impacts of climate change • Result 4. Development of strong women leadership in social, economical and political dimensions • Result 5. Community-based organisations will be capacitated for effective communication, networking and collective action for change. Program Approach One-program approach and model of change In line with the Oxfam International programme standards, the WEALTH programme strongly follows one-programme approach, i.e., clear relationships between long-term development work, humanitarian interventions, and policy change work. Consistent with the direction of the joint Oxfam strategy in the country, model of change is the promotion of local empowered economic and collective institutions, with specific attention to women leadership, as the key infrastructure for lasting change in the lives of poor people in the haor areas. Model of change recognizes the importance of: (a) working with and through local partners; (b) addressing structural causes of poverty and embedded power relations; (c) claiming people’s basic rights and advocating with duty-bearers (d) linking various levels of change – from household to local to national; (e) integrating various themes, and (f) recognizing the role of OHK as facilitator and catalyst. Wellbeing-oriented and rights-driven approach OHK also elaborates on a specific strategic framework of its approach, i.e., responsible wellbeing. Oxfam Hong Kong has pioneered in using responsible wellbeing (RWB) as a conceptual and operational framework for designing, monitoring, evaluating and reporting on its development programs and policy advocacy work. The RWB approach helps us conceptualize what well being means to the community and bring our development work away from the traditional livelihood improvement program. Oxfam Hong Kong defines wellbeing as “a sense of personal and collective fulfillment, balance and integration.” OHK understands RWB to have four inter-connected domains or dimension: self-sustenance, self-esteem, self-determination and social responsibility (see Box).
Four RWB Dimensions/Domains
• Self-Sustenance. This means the enjoyment of a relatively comfortable life and leisure, enjoyment of the fruits of their labour and gaining dignity and integration therein, rather than alienation, the ability to exploit opportunities and to manage various forms of shocks. Self-Esteem. A sense of worth, personal dignity, personal values, and respect from others, and the ability to appreciate and live out positive values. Freedom from discrimination, stereotypes, abuse and violence. Self-Determination. Ability to make individual and collective choices, enjoyment of individual and collective freedoms, including freedom of expression, freedom from constraints to development as well as freedom to create and contribute positively to development. Social-Responsibility. Social and personal solidarity and responsibility, a life of peace and security, equality; a capacity for empathy, caring and sharing. This reflects people’s awareness of the interconnectedness of life on this planet and the impact of their lives on the lives of others, including future generations
programme components. Crop diversification and early varieties of crop is being introduced to adapt with changing climate situation which cause early flash flood. Natural resource management. One of the main components of climate change adaptation is natural resource management. Considering the local context, the programme has determined that irrigation is one of the major problems for kanda farming. In addition, the water resources are also being degraded due to unabated siltation. The programme undertakes re-excavate of some canal to increase the irrigation facilities. Another important aspect is to access to natural water bodies by the poor fishermen. Women empowerment and leadership development. In the Oxfam joint country strategy, women empowerment and leadership development is identified as another thematic focus and centre of excellence. In this light, all the activities undertaken in this programme will be undertaken through the lens of leadership and particularly women leadership. The programme focuses on a range of actions to empower women and develop their leadership skills on economic, social and other aspect. The leadership development approach also considered men while it will be considered at community based organizations/institutions levels. Institution building. The programme promotes the setting up of a range of community-based organisations, e.g., project management groups, self-help groups, cooperatives, federations, Empowerment, Knowledge, and Transformational Actions (EKATA), student brigade etc., as platforms both for people participation in the programme and individual projects as well as for building empowerment and leadership as foundations for sustainability. The community-based organisations is facilitated to analyze their own living context and problems and also develop action plan for overcoming it. They develop linkage with other stakeholders including government institutions at different levels as appropriate. Public health promotion. The programme takes initiative to develop some catalyst group from community and educational institutes to address public health problems. A group of people – including trained adolescent girls, women and men, student from secondary schools, etc. – spearhead educating the rural community on health problem, preventive measures and sharing knowledge on government services related to health. Networking and linkage development with local government institutes, district and Upazila health complex/department will be established. Quality education. One of the key approaches of OHK is active citizenship. WEALTH programme integrates this approach working with educational institutions and contribute to national campaign of My Rights Campaign’ which contributes to global campaign of Essential Services. This component integrates evidence based advocacy work as local level. Activities focuses capacity building of school management and teachers, community people, technical skill development of staff, knowledge management, awareness on rights, local advocacy and popular campaign, and also short-term non-formal school set up jointly by the programme and community. Policy advocacy and campaigns. As an indication of its rights-based and one-programme approach, the programme ensures evidence-based advocacy linking local and national policy change platforms. This will be linked with Oxfam international GROW campaign, My Rights Campaign, WE CAN Campaign and other national and international campaigns, including those relating to women’s rights and gender justice.
OHK emphasizes that the achievement of wellbeing is mediated by many factors such as issues of power dynamics and gender relations, the enabling or constraining conditions operating in the external environment or the quality of relationships and processes that characterize development practice. An important dimension in the achievement of wellbeing is the issue of power, and therefore the issue of rights. The realization, recognition, and enjoyment of basic rights by poor people, through active claim-making initiatives, are requisites to the experience of wellbeing. Therefore, OHK approach is driven by the intent to achieve people’s basic rights, particularly around the right to livelihoods, right to essential services, rights in crises, right to a voice, and right to identity. The achievement of these rights require, among other things, advocacy with duty-bearers, mainly the government but also international agencies and institutions. Program Components Food and income security. The program aims at improving the food and income security condition of targeted women and men providing technical and capacity building support, financial inputs, linkage development with private sectors on agro-based marketing and empower to claim rights and services from duty bearer. The cooperative members are involved in innovative agricultural activities, enterprise development and alternative income options as a way of business planning and improving livelihoods. The programme will have a double role on market development and ensuring fair prices. Disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. Community risk analysis and development of rural risk reduction action plans, linked to government annual development planning is the primary planning process of DRR/CCA work. Key other components are disaster mitigation and preparedness for emergency responses, with significant inputs towards building community awareness of climate change and building capacity on emergency responses. Researches on climate change adaptation (CCA) and food security and livelihoods, for demonstration and replication, linking research institutes and government agencies is undertaken as part of learning, replication and advocacy work. Knowledge management is an integral part of all the
Bangladesh Humanitarian Vision
July 2011 – June 2014 Supported By: Oxfam GB, Oxfam Australia, Oxfam Hong Kong, Oxfam Novib Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: AKK, Banchte Shekha, CNRS, DAM, GUK, GKS, IDEA, Jago Nari, MMS, NSS, POPI, Rupantar, SSUS, SDS, SDI, SKS, Shushilan, VARD and Zibika. Location of Impact: Bangladesh
Background Bangladesh proposes to build the in-country humanitarian Emergency WASH and Food Security and Livelihood (EFSL) technical staff capacity by boosting the Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning (MEAL) technical staff capacity and improve partnership accountability and transparency in logistics and finance. Hence, Bangladesh’s humanitarian vision plans to expand Oxfam’s technical resources and partners’ capacity through the recruitment of an EFSL Coordinator, MEAL training and recruitment of logistic officer (roving) and finance officer (roving). The aim is to build partners’ humanitarian skills and staff capacity by the end of the project period through: 1. 2. 3. 4. Increase humanitarian capability and capacity to monitor and respond effectively Enhanced partner capacity to deliver timely and effective response Rapid assessment tools, first phase strategies and plans are integrated (Water Sanitation and Hygiene-WASH, EFSL & shelter) An enabling environment is created to put women’s rights at the heart of the humanitarian work.
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Improved organizational capacity: Increased technical capacity of organizations to respond to an emergency in a timely and effective manner Improved surge capacity: Increased surge capacity at Oxfam and partners’ level in major sectors such as EFSVL, WASH, etc. Women’s transformative leadership: Increased numbers of women in a transformational leadership role to manage, coordinate and implement humanitarian response in a more gender sensitive way with Oxfam and selected strategic partner organizations Accountability through learning and linking: Improved practice of accountability through capturing, documenting and disseminating lessons learnt and demonstrating these during emergency programming Improved coordination: Improved coordination among the key stakeholders through joined and coordinated effort in initiating emergency response
Objective To enhance the capacity of Oxfam staff in Bangladesh and its partners to deliver timely and effective humanitarian response in disaster affected areas through the expansion of technical humanitarian capacity over the project time frame.
Emergency Aid for flood and waterlogged communities in Bangladesh
September 2011 – January 2012 Supported By: National Alliance for Risk Reduction & Response Initiatives (NARRI Consortium) Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: BS, Shushilan Location of Impact: Monirampur, Jessore and Tala, Shatkhira
Background In early August 2011, floods affected about thirteen districts of Bangladesh. While flood waters have receded in many districts, the coastal districts of Satkhira, Khulna and Jessore remain waterlogged due to inadequate drainage, unplanned construction and mismanagement of embankments, river siltation, continuing monsoon rains, etc. Objective To provide integrated relief assistance to the most vulnerable flood and water logging affected households in south-west Bangladesh Outputs
4200 HHs (Households) will get Cash for Work (CFW) support 2800 HHs will get Cash for Training (CFT) support with other NFI support
Emergency Response & Early Recovery in AILA Affected area in Bangladesh (FASTER)
January 2012 - October 2012 Supported By: The Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department of the European Commission (ECHO) Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: Rupantar Location of Impact: Satkhira district- Gabura Union of Shamnagar Sub-district
Background Cyclone Aila hit the coastal area in May 2009. Oxfam along with 5 other INGOs partnered together as the NARRI Plus consortium to implement an emergency EFSL project (FAST) in Khulna and Satkhira during May to November 2011. At the end of this action it was observed that a few pockets were unable to recover and remained vulnerable. According to the assessment report that the Monitoring and Evaluation team of FAST Consortium carried out in December 2011 two unions namely, Gabura and Dakhin Bedkashi, remained in dire condition. One broken point in Dakhin Bedkashi has yet to be repaired and the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) banned shrimp farming in Gabura temporarily, which was one of the main livelihood options. As a result approximately 10,000 HHs/50,000 individuals remain food insecured and in need of assistance despite having good overall impact from the FAST project. To start recovery of this particular Aila affected communities ECHO has made 2.8 million Euro funding decision for Food Security & Livelihood section. Oxfam is responsible for work with 5000 HHs in Gabura Union for this extension project. Objective To recover the emergency food security, integrated livelihoods, protection and to reduce the risks of water borne diseases, 5000 residual households still require humanitarian assistance in the AILA affected communities.
5000 households have increased access to meet food security and opportunities to rebuild their livelihoods through cash for work, cash for training and conditional cash grants Total 3050 HHs have access to improved and functional WASH services and living with reduce risks to water and sanitation related diseases, which will cover sphere WASH standard
Flood Resistant Shelter for South-West region of Bangladesh (FRESH)
February 2012 - March 2013 Supported By: UK AID Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: ActionAid, CARE, Concern WorldWide, Islamic Relief, Solidarities International and Oxfam Location of Impact: Jessore and Satkhira district-Tala, Satkhira Sadar, Debhata, Kesabpur and Maniramour sub-districts Background South-western part of Bangladesh was historically known for a picturesque landscape, diverse agriculture crops and abundance of fish culture. Unfortunate flood and water-logging that started in July/August of 2011 had broken all previous records submerging vast areas of Satkhira and Jessore districts and left approximately18,500 families homeless. It took between 3 and 5 months (depending on the areas) for water to completely dry. Luckiest among the homeless families were able to get temporary accommodations in the public/communal buildings such as schools, clinics and Union Parishad offices etc while majority remained in camp on the sides of highways. Shortage of food, safe water and hygiene and sanitation facilities pose great risks to the flood victims although they were able to survive with bare minimum support received from the Government and NGO sources. UK-Aid from the British people funded a 10 million GBP project to provide housing solution to 11,092 families who had their shelters completely destroyed. The project aimed at constructing flood resistant shelters and hygienic latrines for these families along with hygiene promotion education and advocacy with national, regional and local levels of Government for durable solutions to water-logging. The project was implemented in Tala, Satkhira Sadar and Devhata Upazillas of Satkhira district and Monirampur and Keshabpur Upazillas of Jessore district. A consortium of 6 international NGOs with 5 national NGO partners successfully completed the project against all odds. With savings and gains from currency exchange the Consortium was able to reach 9% more families (12,073) than the project planned for.
Objective To increase ability of 11,092 HHs affected by water logging in South West Bangladesh who can able to protect themselves and their assets through access to and ownership of secure, disaster resilient Shelter and WASH (Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene) facilities. Outputs
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11,092 HHs have disaster resilient sustainable family shelters enabling them to cope with recurrent flood/water logging by March 2013 11,092 targeted HHs have improved access to safe sanitation by March 2013 Community knowledge and practice of hygiene behaviour is increased by March 2013 Local experience from the program is captured and informs national policy dialogue by March 2013.
Food Security Response Initiatives and Efforts for floods in North-western Districts-2012 (FRIEND-12)
December 2012 – April 2013 (extended till July 15, 2013) Supported By: ECHO through NARRI Consortium Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: GUK Location of Impact: Fulchari, Gaibandha Background This is an integrated recovery assistance for 3371 (during extension phase 2710) affected households in Fulchari upazila of Gaibandha district to meet their basic food needs to avoid negative coping strategies. Project assistance will provide them with the means and capacities to strengthen their own livelihoods in a sustainable manner through cash for work (CFW) to 3300 households and cash for training (CFT) to women of the same 3300 HHs. Unconditional grants will be made to 71 most vulnerable HHs for ensuring their food security during the lean period. Against the back-drop of flood 2012, this EFSL project was designed with generous funding support from ECHO. The project conveniently called as FRIEND is being implemented by NAARI partners (Solidarities Int’l, Islamic Relief and Oxfam) led by Solidarity International. Objective To ensure that the most affected households of Fulchori Upazilla in Gaibandha district have access to adequate and appropriate food to uphold their survival, and prevent erosion of assets in a manner that fosters early livelihoods recovery, reduces vulnerability and upholds dignity. Outputs
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A total of 3300 households will have enhanced food security with their involvement in the Cash for Work activities for 24 person/days @ 180 BDT per person/day A total of 3300 households will have enhanced food security with their involvement in the Cash for Training activities for 4 sessions @ 550 BDT per session
Unconditional cash grants provided to the 71 most vulnerable (i.e. elderly/disabled/heavily pregnant female headed HHs unable to move out of their shelter and with no member able to participate in the other cash transfer activities) of the affected households @ BDT 6520 DRR related action points that they identified individually or collectively during the CFT session Identification of linking with Long Term Development Gender mainstreaming activities focused on raising awareness and converting into practice level.
Humanitarian Advocacy in Bangladesh
April 2011 – September 2012 Supported By: Save the Children, USA Affiliate: Oxfam GB
Background The entitlement and rights of the disaster affected people and communities of the country are not established in any law of the country. Though there has been an underlying process to prepare a Disaster Management Act for last couple of years, it did not come into light yet and the process has been very lengthy. In the initial draft Disaster Management Act emphasized more on definitions, roles and functions of the statutory bodies and government functionaries and their indemnities instead of entitlement and rights of the disaster affected communities and the relevant accountability framework of the duty bearers towards this end. Later on, due to continued campaign ‘Draft Disaster Management Act’ got a review in consultation with relevant stakeholders. The cabinet passed the act on 12 September 2012. Objective To influence the Prime Minister, Minster for the Ministry of Food & Disaster Management (MOFDM), members of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on the MOFDM, and Members of Parliaments towards enactment and implementation of ‘Disaster Management Act’. Outputs
Disaster Management Act endorsed
Post Floods Disaster Recovery Response - 2012 in Satkhira & Jessore
February 2012 - August 2012 Supported By: ECHO through NARRI Consortium Affiliate: Oxfam GB Implementing partners: Shushilan, Banchte Shekha Location of Impact: Jessore and Satkhira district-Tala and Maniramour sub-districts
Background A total of 184,388 households/ 921,942 individuals were identified by Joint Needs Assessment-JNA in Sep’11 to be affected directly by floods and water-logging in South-West Jessore-Shatkhira Districts. JNA review on the data in Dec’11 found 72,284 HH’s/198,754 individuals remained severely affected from water logging. This water logging submerged the agricultural production and affected population lost 50% of their income due to damage of agricultural production which resulted in a reduced number of meals from 3 to 2 meals in a day. Assessment reveals 59% of the affected people are in need of support for food security and restart livelihood. ECHO has made 8.25Mil EURO funding decision for recovery of Food security and Livelihood situation in water logging area. 3847 affected HHs under Satkhira and Jessore districts got humanitarian aid support specially focused on food security and livelihood by Oxfam under NARRI Consortium Joint Recovery Response led by Concern Worldwide. Objective To provide integrated recovery assistance for 3847 affected households to meet their basic food needs and to avoid negative coping strategies by providing them the means and capacities to strengthen their own livelihoods in a sustainable manner. Outputs
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An amount of BDT 28,275,450 against an allocation of BDT 26,929,000 has been spent towards Cash for Work. An amount of BDT 13,464,500 against an allocation of 13,464,500 has been spent towards Cash for Training (CFT). A total of 573 community structures of different types were either renovated or constructed in a record period of 60 days. Each targeted HHs could earn BDT 10,850 during the project period by being involved in CFW and CFT Total 15,440 persons benefited directly from the cash for work and cash for training, and were able to manage 3 quality meals a day during lean period, at least for two months.
Cash-for-Work (CFW) activity that created 1,61,574 person-days of work during the reporting period for 3,847 target beneficiary. Each household benefited from 42 days employment.
Community based water system in saline affected coastal district of Bangladesh
April 2013 – March 2014 Supported By: Mariposa Foundation Implementing partners: Banchte Shekha Location of Impact: Satkhira district, Bangladesh
Background People of coastal districts are suffering from acute water scarcity due to salinity in the water sources. Increasing saline intrusion in ground and surface water further adds to the problem. Oxfam’s learning from its previous WASH innovation projects to address this salinity is – 1. Rain-fed protected pond with bentonite lining as primary sweet water source 2. Use chulli filter for treating the water at HH level. Objective The aim of the project is to ensure sustainable water solution for the coastal people. This will be a combination of best practices and learning that will ensure sustainable water solution for the cyclone, tidal surge and saline affected coastal people by developing saline intrusion controlled community based ponds with rain feed system. Also try to find out the effectiveness and user friendliness of three HH level water treatments (improved chulli filter, sari cloth filtration and local three pitcher filter) Outputs The aim of the project is to ensure sustainable water solution for the coastal people. The innovation also intended to enable decision makers and coastal community with a suitable solution. To achieve this aim the project outputs will be-
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Suitable integrated solution of protecting pond from storm surge, saline water intrusion and feeding pond with only rainwater Effective household level water treatment. Community will be aware and practice safe water chain and hygiene and be able to operate and maintain the water sources and HH treatment units
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