ALFA IAS 9842430133

 Kf;fpaf; fz;Lgpbg;Gfs; - Fspay; Fsk;(ngUq;Fsk;)> ehl;ba kq;ifapd; rpiy> rka topghl;Lr; rpd;dq;fs;.  ngUq;Fsk; efuq;fspd; Nfhl;ilg;gFjpapy; mike;jpUe;jJ.  `ug;ghTk;> nkhfQ;rjhuhTk; rpe;J rkntsp ehfhpfj;jpd; “,ul;il jiyefH” vdf; fUg;gl;ld. fhypgq;fd;:  fz;Lgpbj;jtH – gp.gp. yhy; (Mz;L – 1953).  uh[];jhd; khepyk; - fhf;fuh Mw;wq;fiu. Nyhj;jhy;:  “JiwKf efuk;” vd;Wk; “thzpg ikak;” vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLfpd;wJ.  fz;Lgpbj;jtH v];.MH.uht; (Mz;L – 1957).  Kf;fpa fz;Lgpbg;G – cile;j fg;gy; rpijT (JiwKfkhf ,Ue;jjw;fhd rhd;W) NjhytPuh:  fz;Lgpbj;jtHfs; - MH.v];. gp];j; kw;Wk; n[.gp. N[h\p (Mz;L – 1985).  F[uhj; khepyk;.  rpe;J rkntsp kf;fspd; vOj;Jk; nkhopAk; jkpNo vd;W nrhd;dtH - <uhR ghjphpahH.  rpe;J rkntsp kf;fspd; rpw;g Ntiyj;jpwDf;F rpwe;j rhd;W: 1. ntz;fyj;jhy; Md ehl;ba kq;ifapd; cUt rpiy (nkhfQ;rjhNuh) 2. jhbAld; fhl;rp jUk; Rz;zhk;Gf;fy; rpiy Kjypad.  Kf;fpa njhopy; - Ntshz;ik  Kf;fpa czT – NfhJik> ghHyp.  new;gapiu Kjd;Kjypy; tpistpj;jdH.  Milfs; - gUj;jp> fk;gsp Milfs;.  mzpfyd;fs;: fpspQ;ry;> jhkpuk;> jq;fk;> nts;sp> je;jk;.  rpe;Jntsp kf;fs; nlHuhNfhl;lh (Terracota) vdg;gLk; RLkz; ghz;lk; nra;tjpy; jpwikkpf;ftHfshf ,Ue;jdH.  mwpahj tpyq;F – Fjpiu> mwpahj cNyhfk; - ,Uk;G.  njhy;nghUs; Muha;r;rpj; Jiwapd; je;ij – fhdpq; gpuG (Lord Canning)  rpe;J rkntsp kf;fs; tzq;fpa flTs; - gRgjp vd;w rptd;> ngz; flTs;: ypq;fk;> #yk;> kuk;.  rka topghl;Lr; rpd;dk; - murkuk;.  kWgpwtpapy; ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUe;jdH.  fly;top thzpgk; nra;jdH.  fspkz; Kj;jpiufspy; ,lk; ngw;w glq;fs; - fhisfs;> tz;b> Nahf Kj;jpiuapy; mkHe;Js;s xUthpd; tbtk;> RLkz; cUt nghk;ikfs;> Gwh> glFfs;.  RLkz; Kj;jpiu nrt;tf tbtpy; cs;sJ. RLkz; Kj;jpiuapy; rpj;jpu tbtpyhd vOj;Jfs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld.  rpe;J rkntsp ehfhpf efuq;fs; moptpw;fhd fhuzq;fs; kuj;jyhyhd nghUl;fs; fhzg;ngwhikahy; mit ngUe;jPapy; mope;jpUf;fyhk;> cs;ehl;Lg; NghH> ,aw;iff; fhuzq;fs;> rpe;J ejpapd; nts;sg;ngUf;F> MhpaHfspd; gilnaLg;G.

rpe;J rkntsp kf;fspd; tho;f;if Kiw efu mikg;G:
    tPLfs; thpirahf ,Ue;jd. tPLfspy; rd;dy;fs; ,y;iy. tPLfs; Rl;l nrq;fw;fshy; fl;lg;gl;L ,Ue;jd. ghjhsr; rhf;fil trjp nra;ag;gl;L ,Ue;jd. rpj;ju vOj;J Kiwiag; gpd;gw;wpdH> VLfspy; thpfs; tyg;gf;fj;jpypUe;J ,lg;gf;fkhfTk;> ,lg;gf;fj;jpypUe;J tyg;gf;fkhfTk; vOjg;gl;ld.  rf;fuj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp rl;b> ghidfs; nra;ag; gl;ld. ,it gsgsg;ghfTk; tz;zq;fs; g+rg;gl;Lk; ,Ue;jd.  `ug;gh ehfhpfj;jpd; kpfr;rpwe;j fz;Lgpbg;G Kj;jpiufs;.  RNkhpah kw;Wk; nkrgNlhkpah ehfhpfj;Jld; thzpgk; nra;jdH.

jpuhtpl ehfhpfk;:
 njhpahj cNyhfk; - ,Uk;G> mwpe;j Kf;fpa tpyq;F – Gyp> mwpahj Kf;fpa tpyq;F – Fjpiu.

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Fws.fz E}y. fy. vOjpa .gH.gp.wpa .StH gpwe.gp.ntl.guq.F> rpyg.njhif> mfehD}W> GwehD}W.Wg..f Ntz. ghiwf.n jhif E}y.rq.Gfs.  Fkhpf.wpa .. rq.ALFA IAS 9842430133 gz.uhNgh-gpspdp jhykp-Fwpg.L (Nru kd.W rq. jpUf.  tzq.gjhy.F E}y.K. E}y.  jiyr.fhyj.fs.il ikakhff. gjpndz.fz E}y.mfj.if E}y.. njd.jdp].Jf.f.fz E}y.L – gjpndz. fp.Jg.fs.K.ntl.fk.iwa kJiu ( fp. 100 tiu)  filr.L fhykhFk.fpa xU ngUk.j “iy%H” vd.> Fws. 2.dH jpUts. 100 Kjy. vd. Mjpr.wp $WfpwJ)> Nru kd.z.jpd. jpUf.fzf. . gpuhkp vOj.jpak. fp.lk.wpapUf.wj.ijf.ilr.gil> rpWghzhw.J.Lfs. fzf.K.Lf. Njhd.d. fghlGuk..fg.L> kJiuf. jpUKUfhw.fpdj.izf.NfhtpY}H fy.  filr.K.gp.e.ghl. gj. – jpUts.gil> ngUk.FWE}W> fypj.300 Kjy.Wg.FkhW epytpaJ.fzf.J kiy fy.  .wp mwpa cjTk.rq.lhH kiy fy.w nrhy.jiyefuk. .gh mNrhfhpd.ntl.Sthpd.fs.Lj. o jp.LfSf.jiyefuk. . 200 Kjy.F Kd.lj.l .F Kd.Wg. Njhl.300 Kjy.lj. may. nfhz.Dk.com Page 5 .wpUg.300 tiu)  Kjy.f. filr.lk.wp $WfpwJ). fp. Fuq.> www.fhg.300 tiu vd.ij fp. mf. jpwd.F 31 Mz. jpUg. gpwnkhopfspd. kUtpa .dHfisg.wpiz> FWe. .> M].gp.wp $Wk.fhQ.gjpw.> kzpNkfiy.L – fOFkiyf.Wg. fz.Lj.yq.ghzhw. gj.fs.jpy.fk. %d.ilr. o fpwp]. 31-Mk.gil> nghUeuhw.fk. rq.fj.lj. %ynkhopahFk.Fd.jpy.L> gl.jhH.K.fs.vl.L. o jpUts. Mz. Njhd.gj.  jkpof muRfisg.ntl.  KJkf. ew.rq.  .gJ jp.fz. . nrk.200 tiu). . gpwg.Gfs.gjw.L fhyj.fz. KUfd.j GytHfspd.  1.Wk.njhif.L> MHehl.Fg.L  Fkhpf.ghl.f E}y.fz.bfh> ].gp.lj. rq. .rq.  .rq.lk.lhd fp.fPo.StH gpwg.djhf mg. (fp.rq. gw. gjpndz.f. gjpw.400 Kjy. jp. $WtH.StH gpwe. (fp.dHfisg.f.alfaiasacademy.fpa E}y.fPo.> jkpio “caHjdpr.fj.lk.F E}y. jhopfspd..fk.gl. gw.Lk.l..gl. vl.J> ghpghly.fg.ntl.jpy. kdpj .gjw.: fhuNtyhpd.fq. 200 Kjy.wp $Wk. rq. gw.bdg.rey.F fofk.L E}y.fj.fisg.gil> Ky.  rq.gphpf.K.W miog.rp> neLey. nkf].ehl. Njhd.l flTs.njhif> Iq. Jiz Njitapd. Ngrpa Kjy. .L> vl.gpak.ntl. Kjy.nkhop” vd.jpy.fPo.Jg.yf.lk.gp. tho. eilngw.dHfisg.ghl.Yf. fy.f fhyk. gw.ghiy> kiygLflhk.ilaj. g/WspahW XbaJ.dk. ngw.. jkpo. fp.wpa .ghl.. ngauhy. “ny%hpah” vdg.300)  rq.J gpwg.K.fpLjy.F Kd.rpg. Njhd. vd miof.> .Wg.gj.K. vd.f. ngaH ngw.fhitAk.ntl.W nghUs. tsHj. fz.jpy. `jpFk.jjw. ehybahH. fz.gjpfhuk.  kJiu “KJ}hpy. 200 tiu 400 Mz.fs. fy.Lj.L (FWepy kd.jiyefuk.. vd.yf..” jkpo.  jkpo.yf.gp. jkpofk. gpd.jpy.ghz. o jp. nkhopNa jkpopd. gw.fzf. fy.kJiu (fp.Wg.ntl.ffhyk.fs.gFjpia cs.wJ ny%hpah fz.  .fk.thil> FwpQ.Y}H  fy.ghl. .:  Fkhpf.fk.fs.ltH Fwpg.wpNa tsUk.iyg. – jpUts. njhif – gj.jpw.Jg.fs.jpNuypahitAk.fs. Mg.yf.wJ. fp.njhy.slf.

neLQ.fs.> nrd.  fz.ngw.jpu Nrhod.uh[uh[ Nrhod.fp itj.dHfs.Gj.lg. Nru nrq.dp  Ml.gl.  .jpdp nja. Nru> ghz.  nghUzuhw.thpd. .id khfhz Kjyikr. gl.bdk.> fps. Ml. mk. .” vd.:  <oj.  nfhb – Gyp  khiy – mj.w kd.gp .gilia .Wk.L fy.jhH.dhW fhy.gjpfhuk.  ntd.fg. Mz.d.jpir ehLfis ntd.b> Krpwp nfhb – tpy. . ghz.W miof.L nrd.rpg.fhpfhw.w kd.jpuq.W ngaH #l.UtUk.fs.ruhf mkHe.  .jdH.Fl.ba kd. E}y. gw.  .j “mwpQH mz.jHfs.lngaH – thdtH> tpy.zpaH kw.thia ntl.aw. [htfk. .kaj.j.rp khtl.> flhuk.tiug. Kjyhd fPo.Fl.fhpj.G khiy – gdk.sq..bdhH.wp $WtJ – rpyg.Nghhpy.yp> tstd.bdg.fg..tuJ NghH ntw.njhz.g+  gl.fbj. NruH:       jiyefH – tQ.Ltd.rp> f&H JiwKfk..gk.lq. .gj.dHfs.gd.sq.lJ.J}H.Wk.  Gfo.com Page 6 . nfhz.rpg.Ltd.” vd.L Kiwia njhlq.jpg.jhH.W me.g+ gl.:  .alfaiasacademy.jhd.gjpfhuk.ghiyia . Nrud.ir> jpUr.Nfhtbfs. fhpfhyd.jhkf.  Gfo.gjpw.Wg.aw. NrhoH:  jiyefH – ciwa+H  JiwKfk..gl.jhH.ehl.uhN[e.wpa cUj.ytH> kiyaH.wpa Klj.jpy. “jkpo. jk.wdH. tpy.wpa E}y. nrq.jhd. nrq. %Nte.ehL” vd.Wg. .ij ntd.gLfpwhH.Fl.g+ www.:  jiyefH – kJiu  nfhb – kPd. ifjpfisf. Njhw.zpg.baHfs.Lf.ALFA IAS 9842430133 1967 – Mk. fl.rpyg..zfpf. .  khiy – Ntg. .fhNthpg+k.Nruyhjd.katuk.aw.wpfisg.dHfisj.  ntz.Ltd.bdhH.ngw.W rpw.Nfhtbfs. kw.lhH.zh” mtHfshy.Fl.Ltd. fz.iwa Nfush> Nryk.ngUtsj.gFjp . .“rpyk.bdhH..lngaH – fpy.gpf.> Nrud.  gj.yiziaf.  .gFjp – jQ.F tpoh vLj.wp $Wk.sptstd.gw.  Nrud.G Gfo.zdhH mitia myq.ngUtsj.fz.  “fhpfhw.gl.t topghl.J> mfehD}W  . . nfhbia ehl. nrq.> Nfhak.

ngz.ngw.ij muq. nfhz. Fwpg.> fl.Wg. rptDf. thzpgj. ngUtOjp  Klj.L – jpUf.ypaf.jHfSf.jhH.> ehl.Nfhl.w ngaiug.sptPjpahH> ghhp kfs. nrUntd. ty. fpilj.batw.ffhyg. ghyj.nrs.nfhw.ifg.gplj.J tpsq. 3.uz. .id ehb te.> Mhpag.td.lhlg.gpaj.fdp nfhLj. NtW ngaHfshf cs.fs.> Njhdp> Xlk.whH.Jr. Ngfd. ehl. nrUntd.jhH.fis kf. NjH nfhLj.fhdj. vd. rq.gil filNaO ts.ijahH> NkhrpfPudhH> ngUQ. kjpf. gUt tpoh Nghd.jpUkhwd.: xsitahH> fhf.rpg.F jd.sy.vfpg.gH.l jkpo.  .  ed.> Nuhk.w neLQ.Nf je.Jf.  jiyefhpy. .lk.Fd.Lk.  jkpof tuyhw.ntl. mbg.:  tl.  rpWghzhw.dHfisg.fpdhH.fs.GytHfs.  tzpfk. . NtspH vdg.rpg. rpwg.jpUkhwd.jpudhH.  ts.W ngaH ngw.jpy.sy.jf.utyHf.gy. gilnaLg.F jdJ FjpiuiaAk.ypkiy $j. . tpoh> .fpdhH.> jiyahyq.j neLQ.W miog. nry. gw.Nghija jHkGhp.Fg.ffhyg.fhhp . g+q. fy.iw toq. .bud. njhy.fhyk.F ney. . Njhw. fyq. kiyakhd.njhopy. mz.ljhy.F Ntz.xsitf. Mhpag.tNu.nropad. uh[d.:  .jtHfSf.fhg.fhl.jpy.jp KdptH.sJ. flypy. ngz.ghz.Yk.fhg.wpUe. $Wk.f.w kd..: 1.fpatH – ghujpahH. ey. Xhp – nfhy.j neLQ.j neLQ.uhkehjGuk. vd. rq.fPuH> gprpuhe. FWepy kd. jd.fpdhH. nghw.lngaH – khwd.J> thd.w ghz.bad.f.fg.ffhyj.lJ.Gfo.gl.wpatH – gtze.ghbdpahH> er.wpy.id cyfpDf.lk. . filNaO ts.dHfs.> nerTj. neLQ. tpRtgjp fpuhkzp fpufgjp  FWepy kd.ldH.ypf.jU jpUtpw. 5.Ntyp> GJf. rq.lhbdH.gFjp – Fjpiukiy o jiyefH – jf^H o jf^H vd.ftH – mjpakhd.dHfSs. 4.ALFA IAS 9842430133  JiwKfk.lhk.ehL vd.fhdj. nfhz.nropad. $WfpwJ.dHfs.e.Klj.wdhH> fgpyH> guzH> ef. .tuJ mitapy.fpdhH.fs. GytHfs.nropad. vd..fshd mq.ilAk.lJ. mzpahky.  FWepy kd.> rPdk. NghHit toq.> tOjp> nropad.  “ahNd murd. rpwe.> KJf.ijj.nropad.gFjp – kJiu> jpUney.mhpjhff.fiyr. 2. 6.j Milia> jhd.Jr.gk.Lkuk.w neLQ.: fzpad.ilNa ghprhf toq.> ahNd fs.NfhtpY}H fy.if:  fhjy. #l.wp nfhz.gil fle. .  Gfo..com Page 7 .gpaH njhy.wpf.gJ jw.> fyk.fy. tho.jpahtpd.fpdhHfs.bYk.dd.jhH.gl.D}iy .jpy.  Ml.jpu tpoh nfhz.ig vLj. kz tho.nropad.gjpfhuj.fs.fpa ghz. rq.filr. jpUKbf. ehtha.> glF> njg.J> atdk. o Ml.  mWtil tpoh> nghq.Wtpj. mjpakhd.if mike.Fj.  epyj.il> . ngw. Ma.fpdhH.e.”  NfhtyDf.  FWepy kd. jiyahyq.ffhy kf.wtH.gilapy.fj.jhk fz.if  gl.ijg.w tpohf.  fly.ba kd.alfaiasacademy.fit> rq.Std.sNtdpw.L. ghhp – Ky. .  rpyg. ngw.F jtwhd ePjp toq.dHfs.aw.wpdhH.tpy.GytH “xsitahH” .kapYf.ntl. 7.gl. .W Koq.jJ.> fg.Nfw.fspd. www.rpj.ig ntw.FLkpg.isahH> Klj.gil fle.zpahH> nts.F toq.ba kd.jhH.fit..> Mhpagil fle. toq.dd.rq.ghw.n ropad.Nfhld.iyf. jd.ngw.ghw. Kjyhd nrhw.

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