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Chemical/oil Tank Cleaning

• Flash point <= 60 degree Celsius • Annex I or Annex II cargo

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主题 Topic

2013/7/22

Inerted tank
Oxygen content checked: < 8% by vol.
If yes –go ahead If no-could not carry out tank cleaning.

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主题 Topic

2013/7/22

1. Please refer to ISGOTT 7.6.Oxygen content <8% vol • If annex I cargo.9 Page 3 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .

At neither of these locations should it exceed 8% by volume. the oxygen level in the tank exceeds 8% by volume.9 Tank Washing.1.9 say? • • • • • • • • • • 7. (See also Section 7. Where tanks have a complete or partial swash bulkhead. Page 4 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .6.12). including Crude Oil Washing Before each tank is washed. The oxygen content and pressure of the inert gas being delivered during the washing process should be continuously recorded.6. the oxygen level must be determined. If during washing. both at a point 1 metre below the deck and at the middle level of the ullage space. washing must be stopped until satisfactory conditions are restored. the measurement should be taken from similar levels in each section of the tank.What’s ISGOTT 7. or the pressure of the atmosphere in the tanks is no longer positive.1.1.

The manual must include guidance on procedure to be followed in the event of a fault or failure of the inert gas system.12 INERT GAS SYSTEM FAILURE The SOLAS convention requires each ship fitted with an inert gas system to have a manual containing detailed guidance on the operation. safety and maintenance requirements. Page 5 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . and the occupational health hazards relevant to the installed system.12 • • • • • • 7.1.ISGOTT 7.1.

Inerted Cargo tank • If annex II cargo----refer to TSG 7.3.3 Page 6 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .

3.7.3 TSG • Precautions when tank washing in an inert atmosphere Page 7 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .

Washing should be stopped to clear any build-up wash water. • Page 8 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . The tank should be kept drained during washing.Although the atmosphere in a properly inerted tank is incapable of burning. to allow draining of a hose. the following precautions should be observed: • When Portable washing machines are used. all hose connections should be made up before the washing machine is introduced into the tank. a coupling may be partially opened and then re-tightened before the machine is removed. However. Connections should not be broken until after the machine has been removed from the tank.

If during washing the oxygen level in the inert gas supply exceeds 8% by volume or the pressure of the atmosphere in the tank is no longer positive. Page 9 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . At neither location should the oxyge level exceed level exceed 8% by volume. washing should be stopped until satisfactory conditions are restored. the oxygen level in the tank should be determined both at point about 1 meter below the deck and at the middle level of the ullage space.When there is a need to maintain an inert atmosphere during tank washing. the following points should be obseved: • • • The purity and pressure of the inert gas beig delivered during the washing process should be monitored. Before each tank is washed.

In this case. Page 10 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . if the inert atmosphere is not maintained then the procedures used and precautions taken should be as for an undefined atmosphere. In all other cases.Some cargo carried under an inert blanket are not flammable but the atmosphere is inerted for cargo quality reasons. gradual decay of the inert atmosphere during cleaning is acceptable.

Non-inerted cargo tank Oxygen content –not confirmed <8% by vol. Undefined tank atmosphere Page 11 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .

Annex I cargo--. is to make certain that there can be no source of ignition. Page 12 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .5 • The only way to guarantee that an explosion cannot occur during washing in an • undefined atmosphere.3.refer to ISGOTT 11.3.

3. Washing should be stopped to clear any build-up of wash water. (f) Steam must never be injected into the tank. (b) The total water throughput per cargo tank should be kept as low as practicable and must in no case exceed 180m3 /h. (c) Recirculated wash water must not be used.ISGOTT 11. (d) Chemical additives must not be used.5 • • • • • • • • • • • The following precautions must be taken if the risk from static electricity is to be eliminated: (a) No machine may have a throughput greater than 60m3 /h. (g) The tank should be kept drained during washing. (e) Wash water may be heated. but must not be above 60ºC.3. Page 13 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .

Connections should not be broken until after the machine has been removed from the tank. it is essential that any metallic components of the sounding rod or other equipment are bonded and securely earthed to the ship before introduction into the tank. this period can be reduced to one hour. During this period: Page 14 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . If however.5 • • • • • • • • • • • • (h) All hose connections must be made up and tested for electrical continuity before the washing machine is introduced into the tank.3. If a full depth sounding pipe is not fitted.ISGOTT 11. This precaution should be observed during washing and for five hours thereafter to allow sufficient time for any mist carrying a static charge to dissipate. if fitted. the tank is continuously mechanically ventilated after washing. and remain so earthed until removed. To drain the hose. a coupling may be partially opened and then retightened before the machine is removed. (i) The introduction of sounding rods and other equipment must be done through a full depth sounding pipe.3.

5 • • • • • • • • • • • An interface detector of metallic construction may be used if earthed to the ship by means of a clamp or bolted metal lug. • Equipment made entirely of non-metallic materials may. a wooden sounding rod may be suspended on a rope without earthing. Page 15 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . be used. even if the end at deck level is fastened to the ship because the rope cannot be relied upon to provide an earthing path.ISGOTT 11. in general.3. • A metal rod may be used on the end of a metal tape that is earthed to the ship. • Ropes made of synthetic polymers should not be used for lowering equipment into cargo tanks. • A metal sounding rod suspended on a fibre rope should not be used.3. for example.

refer to TSG 7.4 Precautions when tank washing in an undefined atmosphere Page 16 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .3.Annex II cargo--.

the atmosphere in an empty tank should be treated as flammable. The only way to guarantee that an explosion cannot occur during washing in a undefined atmosphere is to make certain that there can be no source of ignition. Page 17 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .3.4 Most tank cleaning on chemical tankers is conducted in an undefined atmosphere.TSG 7. In all cases after carrying a flammable cargo.

TSG 7.4 Good tanker practice will avoid all normal sources but . in addition. the following precautions should be taken if the risk from static electricity is to be eliminated: Page 18 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .3.

should also be flushed with water.TSG 7.3. The flushing water should be drained to the tank designated to receive slops.4 Before washing. The piping system. including cargo pump. crossovers and discharge lines. Page 19 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . and the cargo tank and pipelines have been stripped as detailed in the ship’s procedures and Arrangements Manual. the tank bottom should be flushed with water and stripped. This operation may not be necessary if the ship is fitted with an efficient stripping system.

3.4 !!!!! If cargoes are highly water reactive this operation must not carried out. Page 20 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .TSG 7.

4 When portable washing machines are used. Connections should not be broken until after the machine has been removed from the tank.3. However. to allow draining of a hose.TSG 7. all hose connections should be made p before the washing machine is introduced into the tank. Page 21 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . a coupling may be partially opened and then retightened before the machine is removed.

3.TSG 7. Page 22 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .4 Ropes made of synthetic fibers should not be used to support the tank cleaning machines.

4 • The tank should be kept drained during washing. • Sounding rods and other equipment must be introduced through a sounding pipe reach close to the bottom of the tank and earthed to it. • Reticulated wash water should not be used.TSG 7. • No other material that may create a spark or static electricity should be lowered into the tank. • Steam should not be injected into the tank.3. Washing should be stopped to clear any build-up of wash water.3. Page 23 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . If a sounding pipe is not used the addition precaution in paragraph 7.5 should be followed. because it may increase the generation of static electricity.

Carried out tank cleaning • First step---line and bottom flushing whatever the cargo is Annex I or Annex II Page 24 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .

Annex I cargo • Measure the HC level before tank cleaning. Page 25 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 .Then carrying tank cleaning and continue monitoring the HC level during tank cleaning. • If HC content < 10 % LEL .

commence tank cleaning. need ventilation first. Stopped tank cleaning and ventilation till the HC level decreased to less than 10% LEL . when the HC level less than 10% LEL. if the HC level > 35% LEL. • During the tank cleaning. Page 26 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . then tank cleaning restored.Annex I cargo If HC level >10% LEL.

Please make sure the following: 1. No nozzle have a throughput > 17.Annex II cargo tank cleaning Tank washing in undefined atmosphere: During tank washing. Page 27 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . The total water throughput per cargo tank < 110M3/H. No washing machine have a throughput > 60 M3/H 2.5 M3/H 3.

Gas freeing Before gas freeing. Page 28 主题 Topic 2013/7/22 . No vapor emission with concentration > 30% LEL /or TLV at deck level as per IBC code. checked/monitored the tank atmosphere.