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Brayton Cycle can be described as follows: At first the air from atmosphere is introduced in compressor, function of compressor is to increase

the temperature and the pressure. The air at high pressure is then burned in the combustion chamber at constant pressure (ideally). The resulting air (at very high temperature and pressure) enters the turbine, where it expands and blades of turbine are rotated to produce Mechanical work. The exhaust gases are then released into atmosphere. The turbine work produced can be transferred to any system with the help of necessary mechanism. This cycle is the actual cycle developed by George Brayton for use in reciprocating oil- burning engine. Brayton cycle, however, can be developed in order to get the higher efficiencies; If we can make the use of high energy content in the exhaust gases. In order to achieve this, regenerator is introduced in the system as shown in figure below. The high pressure air leaving the compressor can be preheated in regenerator, by the counterflow of the exhaust gases. The duty of regenerator is to perform basic function of exchanging heat between the inlet air and exhaust gases. Thus if the inlet air to the combustion chamber is preheated, less fuel will be required to get the same amount of work output. This type of cycle is called Regenerative Brayton cycle.

T

S Gas-turbine with regenerator T-S Diagram Note: 2', 5' Represent the points for actual cycle, the deviation is caused by irreversibilities.