You are on page 1of 22

CHEMICAL COORDINATION

CHEMICAL SIGNALS : 1. Local signalling
a. Paracrine signalling Secratory cell secretes local regulator  eg prostaglanding diffuce extracellular fluid  act on nearby target b. Synaptic signalling  neuron release neurotransmitter eg acetylcoline

CHEMICAL SIGNALS : 2. Local distance  signal between different tissues @ organ eg : endocrine cell  Bloodstream target cell 3.Between individual  reproductive  chemical signals  mammals and insects .

MAIN COORDINATING : HUMAN ENDOCRINE SYSTEM & NERVOUS SYSTEM .

VIDEO. CAKERA PADAT b. FILEM.Komputer .2. OHP.? . Mikrofilem c. Kaku – Slaid. BAHAN TAYANG a.BERGERAK – TV.

foto. Gambar kaku. poskad. carta.Poster.3. kaset. Cd b. graf d. fotostat . MEDIA BUKAN TAYANG a. Audio – Radio. Media Grafik . kartun.Media paparan ? c. lukisan.

Boneka – sarung tangan. wayang kulit. MEDIA 3 DIMENSI ( 3 D ) a. Monopoli . Akuarium dan Terrarium d. spesimen b. boneka bertali e.4. Sahiba b. Topeng 5. lidi. awet. Model – berskala. olok2. Realia – asli. MEDIA PERMAINAN & SIMULASI a. keratan rentas c.

PICTURE .

SCIENTIFIC APPARATUS .

PICTURE .

FAKTOR –FAKTOR MEMILIH MEDIA ? DI PENGARUHI OLEH ? .

FAKTOR MEMPENGARUHI PEMILIHAN MEDIA • SUBJECT MATTER •STUDENT PERFORMANCE •TYPE OF LEARNING TASK •METHOD SELECTION •CHARACTERISTIS OF STUDENTS •PRACTICAL CONSTRAINT THE LAST DECISION FOR MEDIA SELECTION .

Visual d. Rasa/bau . Kinestatik e.SENSORY CHANNEL a. Audio – visual c.Audio b.

FUNGSI Memberikan ranssangan Objek.4 FUNGSI INSTRUKSIONAL PELBAGAI MEDIA YANG DICADANGKAN OLEH GAGXE PAD A TAHUN 1965 . Demon strasi Ya MEDIA Komun ikasi lisan Terhad Ya Media cetak Terha d Ya Gamba r kaku Ya Tidak Gambar gerak Ya Tidak Tayan gan & suara Ya Ya Mesin pengaj a ran Ya Ya Directing attention and other activiti Providing a model of expected performance Tidak Terhad Ya Ya Terhad Terhad Ya Ya Furnishing Externel prompts Memandu pemikiran Inducing Transfer Terhad Ya Ya Terhad Terhad Ya Ya Tidak Terhad Ya Ya Ya Terha d Tidak Terhad Tidak Terhad Ya Terhad Ya Terhad Menilai panerimaan Memberikan maklumbaias Tidak Terhad Ya Ya | Ya Ya Tidak Tidak Tidak Terhad Ya Ya Ya Ya RAJAH 2.

.

topic. subject matter Learner requirements match to models that develop Goal and subgoal in observable term Step and what is the design Instruction Costing .TEACHING AIDS DESIGN Knowledge retention. difficult concept.

DEVELOPMENT/ IMLEMENTATION/USE Sequencing of goal and sub goal Base on strategies Student experiences Student observations Student conclusions – help students construct the concept .

EVALUATION item ask for detail of the need of the subject item ask to provide proof item ask for feeling and motivation item ask of the problem .

STIMULI •STUDENT ACTIVITY •LEARNING GROUPING ? INDIVIDU ? TARGET GROUP ? •DETAIL SPECIFICATION FOR EACH PRESENTATION. SKILL •EVALUATION .PROCEDURE FOR LESSON DESIGN ( MEDIA SELECTION ) •SUITABLE MEDIA ? • TETAPKAN OBJEKTIF TINGKAH LAKU/learning outcomes •JELASKAN LANGKAH UNTUK SETIAP OBJEKTIF •APPROPRIATE SENSORY CHANNELS. STEP.

SISTEM PERANCANGAN MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA MODEL ASSURE A : Analisa Pelajar S : Nyatakan Objektif S : Pilih. Baiki. Buat Bahan U : Gunakan Bahan R : Tindak balas Pelajar E : Nilai Bahan. Semak Semula Bahan .

Audio – visual c.SENSORY CHANNEL a.Audio b. Kinestatik .Visual d.