The Sephardic names listed on this site are taken form the references listed below.

The names are in alphabetical order. Beside each listing is a number or series of numbers and letters enclosed in parenthesis such as (2) (6A) (9) (29). These numbers correspond to the references listed below where the names were found. The authors of these works have identified the names as being held by Sephardim. The reference code is listed below. NAMES FOUND ON THIS SITE ARE TAKEN FROM THE FOLLOWING REFERENCES

(*) Name for which a coat of arms, crest.or history has been found and will be published in SECTION Vl, Heraldry.(+) Known or suspected converso families (as opposed to individual conversos). Most anyone appearing before the inquisition was a converso because the inquisition, by definition, had no power over the Jewish population. They did have control over "New Christians" or conversos.(~) Up load completed (0) Self identified(1) From the civil records of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.(~)(2) From the records of Bevis Marks, The Spanish and Portuguese Congregation of London.(~)(3) From the burial register of Bethahaim Velho Cemetery, Published by the Jewish Historical Society of England.(~)(4) From the book, "History of the Jews in Venice", by Cecil Roth.(~)(5) Sephardic names extracted from the book, "Finding Our Fathers", by Dan Rottenberg. Each name is followed by a short biography and references for additional information. This book is a fine reference for those interested in learning Jewish genealogy research. The publication explains how and where to conduct research and can be purchased on this site through Amazon.com(6) From the book, " The Inquisitors and the Jews in the New World", by Seymour B. Liebman.(~)(6a) Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in the New Spain.(~)(6b) Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in New Granada.(~)(6c) Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in El Peru.(~)(6d) Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in Rio de La Plata.(~)(7) From the book, "A History of the Marranos", by Cecil Roth.(~)(8) From the book, "Jews in Colonial Brazil", by Arnold Wizhitzer.(~)(9) From the book, "Precious Stones of the Jews of Curacao Jewry 1657-1957.(~)(10) From the

book, "The Jews of Rhodes", by Marc D. Angel.(~)(11) List of (mostly) Sephardic brides from the publication, "List of 7300 Names of Jewish Brides and Grooms who married in Izmir Between the Years 1883-1901 & 19181933.(~)(12) List of (mostly) Sephardic grooms from the publication listed above.(Izmir lists provided by Dov Cohen, Nof Ayalon Israel). Email address dkcohen@neto.net.il(~)13) From the book, "The Jews of New Spain", by Seymour B. Liebman.(~)(14) From the publication, "Los Sefardes", by Jose M. Estrugo. Published by Editorial Lex La Habana, 1958. (Apellidos corrientes entre los Sephardies)(~)(15) From the book, "The Jews of the Balkans, The Judeo-Spanish Community , 15th to 20th Centuries", by Esther Benbassa and Aron Rodrigue.(~)(16) From the book, "The Sephardic Jews of Bordeaux", by Frances Malino.(~)(17) From the book, "Hebrews of the Portuguese Nation", by Miriam Bodian.(~)(18) From the book, "The Sephardim of England", by Albert M. Hyamson.(~)(19) From Vol. 1, "A History of the Jews in Christian Spain", by Yitzhak Baer. (19a) Volume II.(~)(20) From the book, "A Life of Menasseh Ben Israel", by Cecil Roth. This book contains names from the Sephardic community of greater Amsterdam. Amsterdam was a major haven and transfer point for Sephardim and Morranos leaving Iberia.(~)(21) From the book, "Crisis and Creativity in the Sephardic World: 1391-1648", by Gampel. This book lists Sephardic movers and shakers during the period.(~)(22) From the book, "History of the Jews in Aragon", by Regne. Essentially a series of royal decrees by the House of Aragon. It contains Sephardic names recorded during the period 1213-1327. By this time family names were well developed. Be prepared for a challenge as you attempt to derive the modern equivalents for these 800 year old names. Prefixes such as Aben, Ibn, Aven, Avin, Ben and etc. are attached to the stemsof many names.If your people came from Aragon, and you cannot find the name in this list, I recommend to attach a prefix and look for it in that way. In addition, the spelling of many of the stems have changed with time. Some names (Adret, Cavalleria) exist to this date unchanged. This reference will introduce many new names and/or many new spellings to known names. (22c) indicates those names that are identified as converso names in the records. Suerte!(~)(23) From the book, "Secrecy and Deceit: The Religion of theCrypto-Jews", by David Gitlitz. The names of the Sephardim (and their residences) mentioned were, sometimes, involved with the inquisition. There were other names which are not listed here because the author did not identify those names as Sephardic.(~)(24) From the Ph.D. Dissertation of Michelle M. Terrill, "The Historical Archaeology of the 17th

and 18th-Century Jewish Community of Nevis, British West Indies", Boston Univesity, 2000.(~)(25) From the book, "The Jews of Jamaica", by Richard D. Barnett and Philip Wright. This book contains tombstone inscriptions and dates of death from 1663-1880. Only names that appeared Sephardic are included here.(~)(26) From the book, "Die Sefarden in Hamburg" (The Sephardim in Hamburg [Germany]) by Michael Studemund-Halevy. German names are due to inter marriage(~)(27) From the book, "Historia de la Comunidad Isralelita de Chile", by Moshe Nes-El.(~)(28) From the book, "Judios Conversos" (Jewish Converts) by Mario Javier Saban. Los antepasados Judios de las familias Argentinas. This work contains many Sephardic names and family trees within its 3 volumes. Many of the individuals listed appeared before the inquistion and were secret Jews. Some later converted and intermarried. The description "Jew "and "Portuguese" appear to be used interchangeably. Only those names that were identified as Sephardic Jews or descendant from Sephardic Jews or in some cases, new Christians that married into Sephardic families are listed here. It is possible that some Sephardic names not well identified are not listed. If you have Sephardic/Portuguese family roots in early Argentina, research these volumes. Many of the names listed here represent the famous names of Jewish/Sephardic Argentina. Wonderful family trees, well detailed, are provided in the three volumes.(~)(28a) List of Portuguese Jews expelled from Buenos Aries, 1603. The list also contains the name of the vessel and date of arrival in Argentina. Los "Portugueses" Judaizantes expulsados de Buenas Aires.(~)(28b) "Portuguese" of Santiago del Estro. The list provides the year of arrival and entry point into Argentina. Apellidos de los Portugueses de Santiago del Estero.(~)(28c) "Portuguese" of Cordoba. Apellidos de los Portugueses de Cordoba. The list provides the entry point and the year of arrival.(~)(28d) "Portuguese" of San Miguel de Tucuman. The book provides the entry and the year of arrival in Argentina.(~)(28e) "Portuguese" of Talavera (1607). The list provides entry point and the year of arrival.(~)(28f) "Portuguese" of La Rioja. The list provides entry point and the year of arrival.(~)(28g) "Portuguese" of Salta. The book provides the entry point and the year of arrival.(~)(28h) "Portuguese" of Villa de Madrid de las Juntas. The book provides entry point and the year of arrival.(~)(28i) "Portuguese" of Jujuy. The book provides the entry point and the year of arrival.(28j) "Portuguese" registered in Santa Fe in 1643. The book provides entry point and the year of arrival.(~)(28k) List of names of those Sephardim expelled from Santa Fe. The book provides the place of birth and the year of arrival.(~)(28l)

List of names provided by David Ferdinando david.(~)(28o) List of the "Portuguese" of Corrientes in the year 1643. Tiene Vd.Jewish Portuguese families of Rio de la Plata. by Master A. de los censos de las juderias y de otras fuentes que indican claramente que la persona portadora del apellido es judia o judeoconversa. A list of 3. Subscriptions are available.(~)(28m) Sephardic names in the records of the Auto de Fe of Lima in 1639. Included in this list are the names of the relatives of the victims. (~)(33c) "The Jewery of the Restoration". (~)(33h) "Carvajal and Pepys". sangre judia? (~)(30) "Raizes Judaicas No Brasil" by Flavio Mendes Carvalho. Native of Badajoz. Lucien Wolf. Kingdom of Castile". Diamond. by Lucien Wolf. Family trees are included for many of the families.net. by Wilfred Samuel.(~)(29) "Sangre Judia" ("Jewish Blood") by Pere Bonnin.A Social Survey:. If your family comes from the area served by ETSI. by Lucien Wolf. Book provides age and place of birth. (~)(33a) "The First English Jew". by Jose Maria Abecassis. (~)(34) From the . descendants of the Jewish house of Ha-Levi Benveniste originally from Spain. and location of domicile are also included. Many of the victims were tortured to death or exiled so their lines might end here.ferdinando@virgin. this magazine is worth while. (~)(32) Sephardic surnames from the classic book "Genealogia Hebraica: Portugal e Gibraltar". by A. The list is a result of a census of Jewish communities of Spain by the Catholic Church and as found in inquisition records. <http://www. (~)(33e) "Foreign Trade of London Jews in the 17th Century". (~)(33) Sephardic names from the Jewish Historical Society of England.500 names used by Jews. issue8.(~)(33d) "The Cemetery of the Resettlement".(~)(31) Sephardic names from the magazine "ETSI". Los Apellidos estan sacados de las listas de penitenciados por el Santo Oficio. age. by Lucien Wolf.com/EnchantedForest/1321> (31/volume number/issue number) For example (31/3/8) = Esti volume 3.S.(~)(28n) The Oliver-Cavia family. ed. This book contains names of Sephardim involved in the inquisition in Brazil.geocities. (~)(33g) "Maria Fernandez de Carvajal" by Lucien Wolf. Published by Laurence Abensur-Hazan and Philip Abensur.S. (~)(33j) "Process of Antao Rodigues Lindo. Many times date of birth. Most of the names are from (but not limited to) France and North Africa. This book contains a list of names of Sephardim families that returned to Portugal and Gibralter after hundreds of years of expulsion. Diamond. (~)(33i) Extracts from "Jews of the Canary Islands". by Maurice Woolf. or assigned to Jews by the Holy Office (la Santo Oficio) of Spain. occupation. (~)(33b) "Crypo-Jews under the Commonweath". (33f) "The Community of the Resettlement 1656-84 . name of parents.

"A Origem Judaica dos Brasileiros". Volume 4. Adelaide.(~)(39) From ETSI. Sephardic=Converso. 5th Australia.(~)(39a) True Sephardic Name=Alias Name (~)(39b) Alias Name=True Sephardic Name. For those tracing Sephardim from Spain to England or to Amsterdam. Marriages 167989 (40b). and God mothers. England and Amsterdam. Salom. Bertram Brewster. The names were extracted and provided by Daniel Kazez dkazez@mail. "In Sure Dwellings: A Journey From Expulsion to Assimilation". There are also short sections of additional circumcisions 1679-99 (40a). England and The Netherlands.wittenberg. FP 2000.book. this book can be most valuable. There is also a large section dealing the the genealogy of the members of Capadose family that converted to Christianity. (~)(35) From the book "Histoire des Juifs de Rhodes. Ms. This reference documents the assimilation. This book provides genealogy information about many of the more famous Sephardic families of Iberia. (~)(37) Sephardic names from the book. by Abraham Galante. "Aliases in Amsterdam". who personally provided the text. The book may be purchased form Seaview Press. Family names include those circumcised. No. "Noble Families Among The Sephardic Jews" by Isaac Da Costa. A well written story of the converso community of Ciudad Real. etc. and Cecil Roth. and births of daughters 1679-99(40c) (~)(41) "Conversos on Trial" by Haim Bienart.|(~)(38b) Converso names from Sephardi names. England). The names are extracted from the research of an Austalian. As familias punidas pela Inquidicao em Portugal e no Brasil.(~)(40) The Circumcision Register of Isaac and Abraham De Paiba (1715-1775) from the Achives of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of Bevis Marks (London. by Viberke Sealtiel-Olsen. (~)(38)Names from the book. name changes and coversion of many Sephardic families in Spain. This .edu. into the her family. Chio.12 dated March 2001. Salom. This publication contains a list of 517 Sephardic families punished by the inquisition in Portugal and Brazil. Cos.com. A wonderful research tool for Sephardic research in Amsterdam. God fathers. "El Libro Verde de Aragon" (The Greenbook of Aragon) by Isidoro de las Cagigas. to include the converso inquisition trials in the mid 15th century. The names have been provided by the author.(~)(36) Sephardic names extracted from the book. Many name changes and aliases are provided. a list of alias names used by Sephardim in Amsterdam. The author's email address is Abshl@powerup.(~)(38a) Sephardic names to Converso (New Christian) names.. by Margot F. by Jose Geraldo Rodrigues de Alckmin Filho. Converso=Sephardic.(~)(38c) Sephardic names of Aragon.au.

by Haim Beinart.com using our search engine below. (49) From the book. Many vignettes.book contains a list of names. "The Expulsion of the Jews from Spain".eresmas.il/archivo/mallorca. (~) http://idd00bmy. "SEPHARDIM.iciba. (46) "Diciionario Sefaradi De Sobrenomes" ("Dictionary of Sephardic Surnames"): This reference provides thousand of Sephardic names of immigrants to Brazil. Apellidos judios en documentos medievales del Reino de Murcia. (48) The "Rise and Fall of Paradise".html (44C) New Christians or Conversos from Mallorca.net/etarazonajudiaapellidos. (~)(42) Jewish names contained in Medieval documents from the Kingdom of Murcia. The authors have attempted to provide the ports of departure of these immigrants. (45) Apellidos de Judios Sefardies (Surnames of the Sephardic Jews) from the site Comunidad Israelita Pincipado de Austurias. Rich in names and and history at a personal level.html (44) From the site. try using the Ancestry. some times providing the names of relatives. The Spirit That Has Withstood the times. appear to be original Sephardic names not changed by conversion. This site can be found at http://www. 43 (C) indentifies converso anmes . "Los Apellidios Biblicos De Mallorica" (Biblical Names of Mallorca) by Miquel Ferra I Martorell. If you cannot find a name here on Sephardim." Contains the names of Sephardim from Curacao. A fine resource for those with ties to Ciudad Real. Only those names recognizable and labeled as Jewish or converso are listed here. (47) From the book.com search service above.The site is presented as a memorial to the Jews of TARAZONA. When Arabs and Jews built a Kingdom in Spain. This reference describes in detail the adventures of Sephardim in escaping the inquisition during the period the expulsion. The source of this information is also available. and professions. (~)(43) Sephardic names from the site TARAZONA JUDIA. Most of these names.. Many names in this publication are not recognizable as Jewish. Sephardic names. if not all.org. house locations. There are many hundreds of other names in the glossary that deserve your research. .

The approximately 750. Though some converted by choice.Arias de Maldonado(23)(49) Arias Montano(23) Burgos(*)(13)(14)(24)(29) Aria(5)(20)(45)(46) Arias Brandao(46) Arias de Ordona(40a) Arias(*)(5)(11)(18)(19a)(28d)(28g)(2 9)(31/2/4)(40)(41)(46)(49) Avila de(19)(23)(28m)(30)(41)(42)(46) Avila(*)(5)(14)(17)(18)(29)(30)(37)(40)(45)(49) Benitez(*)(13)(29) Hidalgo(46) Leiba (Also Leiva)(*)(9) Leyba(*)(29) Leyva(also see Leyba)(*)(29) Linares(*)(6a)(46) Lucena de(5)(13)(19a)(21)(23)(30 Lucena(*)(2)(6a)(6c)(9(18)(29)(30)(36)(37)(40a)(45)(46) Velasco de(23)(46)     Benitez(46)(49) Velasco(*)(2)(5)(14)(29)(30)(37) NAMES ANALYSIS REPORT Benitez Surname Meaning & Origin There are many indicators that the name Benitez may be of Jewish origin. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. or electronic references: . Our research has found that the family name Benitez is cited with respect to Jews & CryptoJews in at least 4 bibliographical. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. were banished several years later. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. The Jews of Portugal. documentary. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella.

The list is a result of a census of Jewish communities of Spain by the Catholic Church and as found in Inquisition records. A list of 3. Includes New Christians. the birthplace of the author. written in a personal and accessible style and based on numerous sources. nobility. which took place in the 20th Century. Portugal and Italy. the author elaborates on surnames of Jewish origin of the royalty.The Jews of New Spain. because they appear in censuses of the Jewish communities and on the Inquisitorial lists of suspected practitioners of Judaism. as well as in other sources.It also contains a 72-page summary of Sephardic . Berbers and their history in Spain. Crypto-Jews (Marranos). the author explains the rules he followed in the phonetic transcription of surnames of Hebrew origin that are mentioned in the book. Campagnano. Faiguenboim. and also of writers. sometimes recognized and other times controversial. The author concludes it was the religious. The book also includes an appendix with more than three thousands surnames "suspected" of being Jewish. by Seymour B. Special attention is given to the "Chuetas" of Mallorca. Bonnin deals in depth with the issue of surnames of Jewish origin. and Christian Anti-Semitism. 2004 | A bilingual (Portugese/English)reference book of Sephardic surnames. artistocracy. There is also a section that focuses on the reconciliation between the Church and Monarchy and the Jews. Flor de Viento. cultural and personal vitality of Jews that caused their cherished and proud identity to persist. Liebman | Professor Liebman endeavors to discover why. a descendant of converted Jews. Italians. settles with this work a debt "owed to his ancestors".. Conversos. Valadares. Jews migrated from Old Spain to New Spain. In the chapter "Una historia de desencuentro". Barcelona.R. beginning in 1521. In this study. Contains over 16. Sangre Judia (Jewish Blood) by Pere Bonnin. educators and university teachers during the Inquisition.000 surnames presented under 12000 entries. journalist and writer from Sa Pobla (Mallorca). of historically prominent figures (like Cristobal Colon. Jewish history in Spain. Hernan Cortes. P. with hundreds of rare photographs.500 names used by Jews. in his own words. G. or assigned to Jews by the Holy Office (la Santo Oficio) of Spain. In the prologue. | Pere Bonnin. even though most of the earliest Jewish migrants eventually did assimilate into Mexican society. A. Dicionario Sefaradi De Sobrenomes (Dictionary of Sephardic Surnames). family shields and illustrations. includes a review of basic Jewish concepts. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra and many others) and links between surnames of Jewish origin with some concepts in Judaism. 2006. a philosopher. clergy. He then proceeds to document the persistence of Jewish life in the face of a new Spanish Inquisition and formalized suppression including forced conversion and exclusion from citizenship. Rio de Janeiro. The book. The researcher cites the Jewish origin.

Our research has found that the family name Linares is cited with respect to Jews & CryptoJews in at least 2 bibliographical. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. In many cases. or totally new names. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. Algeria. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin.1815 Around the 12th century. Though some converted by choice. Italy. these new names retained their old original structure. Israel. the former Ottoman Empire. Tunisia. Morocco. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country. The English meaning of Linares is City in Spain meaning where linen is made or where flax is grown. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. or electronic references: . were banished several years later. Syria. emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella. ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. Other family names were a result of conversion. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith. The period covered by the dictionary is of 600 years. The Abarbanel Foundation Website. "Reintegrating the Lost Jews of Spain & Portugal" | List of names of forcibly converted Jews who were tried by the Spanish Inquisition for practicing Judaism in Mexico in the years 1528 . surnames started to become common in Iberia. including an interesting list of the 250 most frequent Sephardic surnames. documentary.history. from the 14th to the 20th century. Egypt. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. Balkans. Lebanon. The Jews of Portugal. most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. Central and Eastern Europe. Yemen. There are many indicators that the name Linares may be of Jewish origin. where ArabJewish influence was significant. Holland. before and after the expulsion from Spain and Portugal. Benitez Surname Highlights: 4 Historical Sources     NAMES ANALYSIS REPORT Linares Surname Meaning & Origin The name Linares is of Spanish origin. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. Central America and the Caribbean. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. North America. France. and the area covered includes Spain and Portugal. Iraq. The approximately 750. In Spain. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. England. Libya. In yet other cases "aliases". South America and more. as well as a 40-page linguistic essay about Sephardic names. Germany.

There are many indicators that the name Arias may be of Jewish origin. In Spain. Other family names were a result of conversion. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin.1815 Around the 12th century. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country. or electronic references: Sources 1 . Though some converted by choice. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. or totally new names. This is a source for converso names in the New World. these new names retained their old original structure. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith.10 for Arias . Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in the New Spain | Except for a brief introduction. most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). The English meaning of Arias is From the Hebrew word arieh meaning lion.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella. surnames started to become common in Iberia. the entire book is a listing of Inquisition Records in the New World. Liebman. documentary.The Inquisitors and the Jews in the New World. In yet other cases "aliases". The Jews of Portugal. "Reintegrating the Lost Jews of Spain & Portugal" | List of names of forcibly converted Jews who were tried by the Spanish Inquisition for practicing Judaism in Mexico in the years 1528 . Our research has found that the family name Arias is cited with respect to Jews & Crypto-Jews in at least 17 bibliographical. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. The Abarbanel Foundation Website. emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. where ArabJewish influence was significant. In many cases. were banished several years later. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. The approximately 750. NAMES ANALYSIS REPORT Arias Surname Meaning & Origin The name Arias is of Hebrew origin. ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. by Seymour B. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation.

Contains a huge store of facts tracing regional variations over a period of 2000 years. and other public documents. By Dov Cohen. and by looking for clues in family traditions and customs. by Dan Rottenberg In this work Dan Rottenberg shows how to do a successful search for probing the memories of living relatives. by examining marriage licenses. 1918-1933". Other features included a country-by-country guide to tracing Jewish ancestors abroad. birth and death certificates. sources of information about each family. by Albert M. Cecil Roth covers the long course of Italian-Jewish history extending from preChristian times. and the names of related families whose histories have been recorded. by Cecil Roth | In this work. The Sephardim of England. The Spanish and Portuguese Congregation of London | Bevis Marks is the Sephardic synagogue in London.The Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of London has published several volumes of its records: they can be found in libraries such as the Cambridge University Library or the London Metropolitan Archive History of the Jews in Venice. Supplementing the "how to" instructions is a guide to some 8. ship passenger lists.List of (mostly) Sephardic brides from the publication. giving the origins of the names. "List of 7300 Names of Jewish Brides and Grooms who married in Izmir Between the Years 1883-1901 &amp. Hyamson | . a list of Jewish family history books. It is over 300 years old and is the oldest still in use in Britain.000 Jewish family names. and a guide to researching genealogy. naturalization records. comprising in a degree every facet of the evolution of Jewish life in Europe. Finding Our Fathers | A Guidebook to Jewish Genealogy. gravestones. From the records of Bevis Marks. | Dov Cohen has created an index of brides and grooms based on the organization of Ketubot (Jewish wedding contracts) from marriages within the Turkish community of Izmir. Events of these periods forced this community to emigrate to America. From this material we can identify the Jewish families who lived in Turkey since the Spanish expulsion in 1492 in two periods: the end of the Ottoman Empire and the beginning of the secular government of Turkish Republic.

Many of the names listed here represent the famous names of Jewish/Sephardic Argentina. Flor de Viento. Many of the individuals listed appeared before the Inquisition and were secret Jews. Distal. 2006. 1492-1951. Based on many years of study in the Spanish archives by a Professor from The Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Many of the names listed here represent the famous names of Jewish/Sephardic Argentina. A list of 3. | This best-selling work traces the immigration of Conversos from Portugal to Argentina and Brazil. Judios Conversos (Jewish Converts) by Mario Javier Saban. by Yitzhak Baer. 1990. social. a descendant of converted Jews. The ancestors of the Argentinian Jewish families. The .Volume 2. legal and political life of the Spanish Jewish community from the 11th century re-conquest of Iberia from Muslim rule to the expulsion of 1492. Some later converted and intermarried. | This best-selling work traces the immigration of Conversos from Portugal to Argentina and Brazil. Some later converted and intermarried. | Pere Bonnin. Sangre Judia (Jewish Blood) by Pere Bonnin. Israel. a philosopher. Distal. are provided. "Portuguese" (Jews) of Salta. or assigned to Jews by the Holy Office (la Santo Oficio) of Spain. It contains many Sephardic names and family trees within its 3 volumes.A history of the Spanish &amp. Over 100 pages of genealogies. "Portuguese" (Jews) of San Miguel de Tucuman. Over 100 pages of genealogies. well detailed. Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires. Portugese Jewish Community. 1990. Many of the individuals listed appeared before the Inquisition and were secret Jews. The ancestors of the Argentinian Jewish families. It contains many Sephardic names and family trees within its 3 volumes. | Traces the economic. Judios Conversos (Jewish Converts) by Mario Javier Saban. are provided. The list is a result of a census of Jewish communities of Spain by the Catholic Church and as found in Inquisition records. Barcelona. settles with this work a debt "owed to his ancestors". in his own words. well detailed. journalist and writer from Sa Pobla (Mallorca). A History of the Jews in Christian Spain.500 names used by Jews.

nobility. and Christian Anti-Semitism. Laurence Abensur-Hazan.17 for Arias Around the 12th century. A useful feature of ETSI is the listing. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. educators and university teachers during the Inquisition. bilingual French-English periodical) is devoted exclusively to Sephardic genealogy and is published by the Sephardi Genealogical and Historical Society (SGHS). as well as in other sources. In many cases. because they appear in censuses of the Jewish communities and on the Inquisitorial lists of suspected practitioners of Judaism. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. and Arrias. Bonnin deals in depth with the issue of surnames of Jewish origin. sometimes recognized and other times controversial. Other family names were a result of conversion. Some common variations of Arias are Aria. and his professional genealogist wife. Hernan Cortes. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. artistocracy. cited in the articles contained in each issue + Sources 11 . on the back cover. of all Sephardic family names. where ArabJewish influence was significant. In yet other cases "aliases". Most of the names are from (but not limited to) France and North Africa. Published by Laurence Abensur-Hazan and Philip Abensur. Sephardic names from the magazine "ETSI". Arias Surname Highlights: 17 Historical Sources   NAMES ANALYSIS REPORT . In this study.book. these new names retained their old original structure. and places of origin. In the prologue. Philip Abensur. clergy. Special attention is given to the "Chuetas" of Mallorca. and also of writers. or totally new names. the birthplace of the author. of historically prominent figures (like Cristobal Colon. | ETSI (a Paris-based. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra and many others) and links between surnames of Jewish origin with some concepts in Judaism. the author explains the rules he followed in the phonetic transcription of surnames of Hebrew origin that are mentioned in the book.. ETSI's worldwide base of authors publish articles identifying a broad spectrum of archival material of importance to the Sephardic genealogist. which took place in the 20th Century. Arias Brandão. Jewish history in Spain. includes a review of basic Jewish concepts. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. There is also a section that focuses on the reconciliation between the Church and Monarchy and the Jews. written in a personal and accessible style and based on numerous sources. The researcher cites the Jewish origin. It was founded by Dr. In the chapter "Una historia de desencuentro". In Spain. the author elaborates on surnames of Jewish origin of the royalty. surnames started to become common in Iberia. The book also includes an appendix with more than three thousands surnames "suspected" of being Jewish.

or electronic references: Sangre Judia (Jewish Blood) by Pere Bonnin. settles with this work a debt "owed to his ancestors". emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella. The book. which took place in the 20th Century. The Jews of Portugal.500 names used by Jews. In the prologue. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. Other family names were a result of conversion. In many cases. Flor de Viento. Bonnin deals in depth with the issue of surnames of Jewish origin. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from . | Pere Bonnin. Our research has found that the family name Leyva is cited with respect to Jews & Crypto-Jews in at least 1 bibliographical. surnames started to become common in Iberia. where ArabJewish influence was significant. In this study. the author explains the rules he followed in the phonetic transcription of surnames of Hebrew origin that are mentioned in the book. and Christian Anti-Semitism. The researcher cites the Jewish origin. documentary. ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. artistocracy. Jewish history in Spain. includes a review of basic Jewish concepts. A list of 3. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. Barcelona. educators and university teachers during the Inquisition. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. Hernan Cortes. these new names retained their old original structure. the birthplace of the author. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra and many others) and links between surnames of Jewish origin with some concepts in Judaism. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. or assigned to Jews by the Holy Office (la Santo Oficio) of Spain. There is also a section that focuses on the reconciliation between the Church and Monarchy and the Jews. and also of writers. a descendant of converted Jews. Special attention is given to the "Chuetas" of Mallorca. Though some converted by choice. The book also includes an appendix with more than three thousands surnames "suspected" of being Jewish.. in his own words. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith. Around the 12th century. most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). were banished several years later. sometimes recognized and other times controversial. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. as well as in other sources.Leyva Surname Meaning & Origin (leiva not found) There are many indicators that the name Leyva may be of Jewish origin. because they appear in censuses of the Jewish communities and on the Inquisitorial lists of suspected practitioners of Judaism. clergy. written in a personal and accessible style and based on numerous sources. In Spain. The list is a result of a census of Jewish communities of Spain by the Catholic Church and as found in Inquisition records. In the chapter "Una historia de desencuentro". The approximately 750. of historically prominent figures (like Cristobal Colon. 2006. nobility. journalist and writer from Sa Pobla (Mallorca). the author elaborates on surnames of Jewish origin of the royalty. a philosopher.

The approximately 750. by Seymour B. ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. Our research has found that the family name Lucena is cited with respect to Jews & CryptoJews in at least 12 bibliographical. were banished several years later. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal. This is a source for converso names in the New World.10 for Lucena From the records of Bevis Marks. or electronic references: Sources 1 . the entire book is a listing of Inquisition Records in the New World. by Seymour B. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. . The Spanish and Portuguese Congregation of London | Bevis Marks is the Sephardic synagogue in London. documentary.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella.The Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of London has published several volumes of its records: they can be found in libraries such as the Cambridge University Library or the London Metropolitan Archive The Inquisitors and the Jews in the New World. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. The Jews of Portugal. It is over 300 years old and is the oldest still in use in Britain. Leyva Surname Highlights: 1 Historical Source   NAMES ANALYSIS REPORT Lucena Surname Meaning & Origin The name Lucena is of Latin origin. Though some converted by choice. Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in the New Spain | Except for a brief introduction. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. Liebman. or totally new names. Spainaa There are many indicators that the name Lucena may be of Jewish origin.country to country. The Inquisitors and the Jews in the New World. most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). Cordova. In yet other cases "aliases". as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith. The English meaning of Lucena is :Lucena.

large bibliography. of historically prominent figures (like Cristobal Colon. In the prologue. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra and many others) and links between surnames of Jewish origin with some concepts in Judaism.aon Jewry 1656-1957. as well as in other sources. general alphabetical index. by Isaac Samuel Emmanuel (1957) | Names taken from 225 tombstones of 2536 persons. sometimes recognized and other times controversial. a descendant of converted Jews. The book also includes an appendix with more than three thousands surnames "suspected" of being Jewish. because they appear in censuses of the Jewish communities and on the Inquisitorial lists of suspected practitioners of Judaism. journalist and writer from Sa Pobla (Mallorca). the entire book is a listing of Inquisition Records in the New World. 1492-1951. There is also a section that focuses on the reconciliation between the Church and Monarchy and the Jews. 2006. or assigned to Jews by the Holy Office (la Santo Oficio) of Spain. the author elaborates on surnames of Jewish origin of the royalty. the birthplace of . Barcelona. Flor de Viento. the author explains the rules he followed in the phonetic transcription of surnames of Hebrew origin that are mentioned in the book. The Sephardim of England. Hyamson | A history of the Spanish &amp.Liebman. Precious Stones of the Jews in Cura&ccedil. | Pere Bonnin. This is a source for converso names in the New World. chronological list of names. Jewish history in Spain. The researcher cites the Jewish origin. which took place in the 20th Century. Special attention is given to the "Chuetas" of Mallorca. Cura&ccedil. Portugese Jewish Community. educators and university teachers during the Inquisition. settles with this work a debt "owed to his ancestors".ao. and Christian Anti-Semitism. alphabetical list of family names + number of members + eldest tombstone year. clergy. The book. In the chapter "Una historia de desencuentro". biographies including family histories. The list is a result of a census of Jewish communities of Spain by the Catholic Church and as found in Inquisition records. nobility. Includes cemetery history and plan. written in a personal and accessible style and based on numerous sources. artistocracy. women and some Rabbis. 1668 . includes a review of basic Jewish concepts. In this study. Hernan Cortes. Sangre Judia (Jewish Blood) by Pere Bonnin.1859. by Albert M. Bonnin deals in depth with the issue of surnames of Jewish origin.. men. 15 genealogies. a philosopher.500 names used by Jews. A list of 3. in his own words. and also of writers. | Except for a brief introduction. Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in El Peru.

It documents the assimilation. This reference includes genealogical tables and a translation of Da Costa&rsquo. I. | This book contains names of New Christians or Brazilians living in Brazil condemned by the Inquisition in the 17th and 18th centuries. by Isaac Da Costa. Noble Families Among The Sephardic Jews.D. England). The Circumcision Register of Isaac and Abraham De Paiba (17151775) from the Archives of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of Bevis Marks(London. name of parents. The register includes surnames of those circumsized as well as . There is a large section dealing with the genealogy of the members of Capadose and Silva families in Spain and Portugal. occupation. England and Amsterdam. Raizes Judaicas No Brasil. | The circumcision register of Isaac and Abraham de Paiba (1715-1775): from the manuscript record preserved in the Archives of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of London named "Sahar Asamaim" transcribed. by Jose Geraldo Rodrigues de Alckmin Filho | This publication contains a list of 517 Sephardic families punished by the inquisition in Portugal and Brazil. translated and edited by the late R. name changes and conversion of many Sephardic families in Spain. age.(Jewish Roots in Brazil) by Flavio Mendes de Carvalho.D. marriages 1679-1689 and some female births 1679-1699.the author.s 1850 work "Israel and the Gentiles". Barnett. There are several cases in which many members of the same family were tortured and sentenced so some family lines may end here. Duque and others. as taken from the archives of Torre do Tombo in Lisbon. | This book provides genealogy information about many of the more famous Sephardic families of Iberia. A Origem Judaica dos Brasileiros (The Origin of The Brazilian Jews). compiled by Miriam Rodrigues-Pereira. with the assistance of Alan Rose. with chapters by Bertram Brewster on the Capadose conversion to Christianity and by Cecil Roth on their Jewish history. Many times details including date of birth. England and The Netherlands. The list also includes the names of the relatives of the victims. and Cecil Roth. and location of domicile are also included. There is also a supplement with a record of circumcisions 1679-1699. Bertram Brewster.

or totally new names. Spain There are many indicators that the name Luzena may be of Jewish origin.es" (The Sephardim). Published by the Jewish Historical Society of England and transcribed by R. D. these new names retained their old original structure. Godmothers. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country. or electronic references: From the burial register of Bethahaim Velho Cemetery. + Sources 11 .12 for Lucena Around the 12th century. Our research has found that the family name Luzena is cited with respect to Jews & CryptoJews in at least 3 bibliographical. In many cases. Estrugo. 1958. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. surnames started to become common in Iberia. most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). Barnett. emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal. The approximately 750. In Spain. were banished several years later. Published by Editorial Lex La Habana. documentary. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. From the publication. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. In yet other cases "aliases". When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith. Though some converted by choice.by Jose M. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. Lucena Surname Highlights: 12 Historical Sources   NAMES ANALYSIS REPORT Luzena Surname Meaning & Origin The name Luzena is of Spanish origin.(Surnames common among the Sephardim) | . The English meaning of Luzena is Lucena. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. "Los Sefard&iacute. The Jews of Portugal. Other family names were a result of conversion. where ArabJewish influence was significant. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella.the names of their Godfathers &amp. The dates are listed as per the Jewish calendar. | The register gives us dates for the burials in the "Bethahaim Velho" or Old Cemetery.

The Jews of Portugal. compiled by Miriam Rodrigues-Pereira. emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal. | The circumcision register of Isaac and Abraham de Paiba (1715-1775): from the manuscript record preserved in the Archives of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of London named "Sahar Asamaim" transcribed. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. translated and edited by the late R. Barnett. these new names retained their old original structure. Many were sent to the Iberian peninsula. In Spain. Other family names were a result of conversion. Around the 12th century. surnames started to become common in Iberia.D. There is also a supplement with a record of circumcisions 1679-1699. The JEWS in SPAIN and PORTUGAL became known as "Sephardim" or and those things associated with the SEPHARDIM including names.When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. The Circumcision Register of Isaac and Abraham De Paiba (17151775) from the Archives of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of Bevis Marks(London. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. genealogy and religious rituals. became known as SEPHARDIC. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. or totally new names. where ArabJewish influence was significant. with the assistance of Alan Rose. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. The approximately 750. Though some converted by choice. were banished several years later. ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. The area became known by the Hebrew word "Sepharad".000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella. customs. marriages 1679-1689 and some female births 1679-1699. Duque and others. documentary. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country.D. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith. In many cases. England). Luzena Surname Highlights: 3 Historical Sources NAMES ANALYSIS REPORT Burgos Surname Meaning & Origin (Adalid not found) There are many indicators that the name Burgos may be of Jewish origin. In yet other cases "aliases". most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). or electronic references: . Godmothers. The register includes surnames of those circumsized as well as the names of their Godfathers &amp. I. Our research has found that the family name Burgos is cited with respect to Jews & CryptoJews in at least 6 bibliographical. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition.

became known as SEPHARDIC. The study of the Neevis community indicates that the Jews of the Caribbean were not fully integrated socially or politically into British colonial society. Many were sent to the Iberian peninsula. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. "The Historical Archaeology of the 17th and 18th-Century Jewish Community of Nevis. in his own words. the focus of this investigation was on increasing the understanding of the roles and lives of the Sephardim in the colonial Caribbean. settles with this work a debt "owed to his ancestors". written in a personal and accessible style and based on numerous sources. 1958. | Pere Bonnin.(Surnames common among the Sephardim) | When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. 2006. genealogy and religious rituals. beginning in 1521. even though most of the earliest Jewish migrants eventually did assimilate into Mexican society.and 18th-century Jewish community on the island of Nevis in the British West Indies. cultural and personal vitality of Jews that caused their cherished and proud identity to persist. journalist and writer from Sa Pobla (Mallorca). The author concludes it was the religious. From the publication. Estrugo. by Seymour B. Jews migrated from Old Spain to New Spain. Unlike earlier archaeological studies of the Jewish Caribbean Diaspora that focused on single sites. A list of 3. Sangre Judia (Jewish Blood) by Pere Bonnin. The area became known by the Hebrew word "Sepharad". Flor de Viento. Boston University.by Jose M. a philosopher. Terrill. customs.500 names used by Jews.The Jews of New Spain. Liebman | Professor Liebman endeavors to discover why. From the PhD Dissertation of Michelle M. The list is a result of a census of Jewish communities of Spain by the Catholic Church and as found in Inquisition records. includes a review of basic Jewish concepts. There is . Jewish history in Spain. "Los Sefard&iacute. He then proceeds to document the persistence of Jewish life in the face of a new Spanish Inquisition and formalized suppression including forced conversion and exclusion from citizenship. 2000 | This is an historical archaeological examination of a 17th. Published by Editorial Lex La Habana. British West Indies". Barcelona. a descendant of converted Jews. or assigned to Jews by the Holy Office (la Santo Oficio) of Spain.es" (The Sephardim). The book. The JEWS in SPAIN and PORTUGAL became known as "Sephardim" or and those things associated with the SEPHARDIM including names. and Christian Anti-Semitism.

as well as in other sources. Gan Yavneh. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. Published by The Institute for Marrano-Anusim Studies. In Spain. In this study. In the prologue. Israel 2008 | This list is compiled from a catalogue the author found on a visit to Puerto Rico in the Museum of San Juan. The Abarbanel Foundation Website. educators and university teachers during the Inquisition.1815 Ruth Reyes. of historically prominent figures (like Cristobal Colon. Other family names were a result of conversion. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. In yet other cases "aliases". "Reintegrating the Lost Jews of Spain & Portugal" | List of names of forcibly converted Jews who were tried by the Spanish Inquisition for practicing Judaism in Mexico in the years 1528 . and also of writers. the author elaborates on surnames of Jewish origin of the royalty. Volume 10.. The researcher cites the Jewish origin. Hernan Cortes. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra and many others) and links between surnames of Jewish origin with some concepts in Judaism. which took place in the 20th Century. the author explains the rules he followed in the phonetic transcription of surnames of Hebrew origin that are mentioned in the book. Bonnin deals in depth with the issue of surnames of Jewish origin.also a section that focuses on the reconciliation between the Church and Monarchy and the Jews. the birthplace of the author. artistocracy. where ArabJewish influence was significant. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. In the chapter "Una historia de desencuentro". Around the 12th century. The book also includes an appendix with more than three thousands surnames "suspected" of being Jewish. these new names retained their old original structure. Special attention is given to the "Chuetas" of Mallorca. The English meaning of Avila is A city and province of Spain . the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. Burgos Surname Highlights: 6 Historical Sources Download Avila Surname Meaning & Origin (pedrosa not found) The name Avila is of Arabic origin. sometimes recognized and other times controversial. The Casa Shalom Journal. In many cases. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. nobility. because they appear in censuses of the Jewish communities and on the Inquisitorial lists of suspected practitioners of Judaism. clergy. or totally new names. surnames started to become common in Iberia. "Sephardic Family Names from Puerto Rico".

and other public documents.000 Jewish family names. their leaders made efforts to . Our research has found that the family name Avila is cited with respect to Jews & Crypto-Jews in at least 10 bibliographical. and the names of related families whose histories have been recorded. the Conversos lost the consciousness of being &ldquo. once the Portuguese ex-Conversos organized in Jewish communities. "Los Sefard&iacute. ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith. genealogy and religious rituals. naturalization records. Hebrews of the Portuguese Nation. Many were sent to the Iberian peninsula. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella. The Jews of Portugal. or electronic references: Finding Our Fathers | A Guidebook to Jewish Genealogy. The approximately 750. and a guide to researching genealogy. From the publication. emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal. Published by Editorial Lex La Habana. The JEWS in SPAIN and PORTUGAL became known as "Sephardim" or and those things associated with the SEPHARDIM including names. historically. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. birth and death certificates.Sephardi&rdquo. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. by Dan Rottenberg In this work Dan Rottenberg shows how to do a successful search for probing the memories of living relatives. gravestones.by Jose M. sources of information about each family. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. were banished several years later. Estrugo. by Miriam Bodian | This work explores why the Portuguese Jews of northern Europe never established a solid sense of belonging to the wider Sephardi diaspora. most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). a list of Jewish family history books. It explores how. became known as SEPHARDIC. To be sure. The area became known by the Hebrew word "Sepharad". Supplementing the "how to" instructions is a guide to some 8. ship passenger lists.(Surnames common among the Sephardim) | When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. in the generations after the expulsion from Spain and the mass baptism of Portugal&rsquo.es" (The Sephardim). giving the origins of the names. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. documentary. and by looking for clues in family traditions and customs.s Jews in 1497. Though some converted by choice.There are many indicators that the name Avila may be of Jewish origin. customs. by examining marriage licenses. 1958. Other features included a country-by-country guide to tracing Jewish ancestors abroad.

In the chapter "Una historia de desencuentro". the author elaborates on surnames of Jewish origin of the royalty.&atilde. as well as in other sources.reconnect with the wider Sephardi world. The book. at an emotional level. Flor de Viento. the author explains the rules he followed in the phonetic transcription of surnames of Hebrew origin that are mentioned in the book. includes a review of basic Jewish concepts. The book also includes an appendix with more than three thousands surnames "suspected" of being Jewish. of crypto-Jewish belief. But the Portuguese Jews&rsquo. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra and many others) and links between surnames of Jewish origin with some concepts in Judaism. but. Special attention is given to the "Chuetas" of Mallorca. Bonnin deals in depth with the issue of surnames of Jewish origin. in his own words. There is also a section that focuses on the reconciliation between the Church and Monarchy and the Jews. Jewish history in Spain. nobility. The list is a result of a census of Jewish communities of Spain by the Catholic Church and as found in Inquisition records. 1492-1951. because they appear in censuses of the Jewish communities and on the Inquisitorial lists of suspected practitioners of Judaism. and also of writers. Raizes Judaicas No Brasil. educators and university teachers during the Inquisition. written in a personal and accessible style and based on numerous sources.o&rdquo. 2006.500 names used by Jews. and the difficulty for many Conversos of maintaining any stable set of traditional beliefs. The researcher cites the Jewish origin.na&ccedil. sometimes recognized and other times controversial. Contributing factors to their enduring sense of distinctness were these aspects of Converso experience: the absorption of Catholic notions of piety. the &ldquo.. the birthplace of the author. settles with this work a debt "owed to his ancestors". members of these communities continued to regard themselves as members of the &ldquo. and these efforts had serious symbolic and strategic value. rootedness in the Converso experience meant that their core sense of collective self remained distinct. of historically prominent figures (like Cristobal Colon. artistocracy. In the prologue. clergy. In this study. Sangre Judia (Jewish Blood) by Pere Bonnin.a term that evoked the Converso past. journalist and writer from Sa Pobla (Mallorca). | . a philosopher. which took place in the 20th Century.(Jewish Roots in Brazil) by Flavio Mendes de Carvalho. and Christian Anti-Semitism. Hyamson | A history of the Spanish &amp. A list of 3. or assigned to Jews by the Holy Office (la Santo Oficio) of Spain. by Albert M.&mdash. | Pere Bonnin. The Sephardim of England. Portugese Jewish Community. a descendant of converted Jews. Hernan Cortes.de-rabbinization&rdquo. The outward image their leaders sought to cultivate may have been one of Sephardi traditionalism. Barcelona.

. no Christian shall live in the same house with Jews or eat with them. translated and edited by the late R. marriages 1679-1689 and some female births 1679-1699. | This register is from the manuscript record preserved in the Archives of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of London named "Sahar Asamaim" transcribed. by Jose Geraldo Rodrigues de Alckmin Filho | This publication contains a list of 517 Sephardic families punished by the inquisition in Portugal and Brazil. and if not willing to do it.D. the Spanish name for the Bay of Biscay). Godmothers. I. age. and the industrial town of Avilés. Many times details including date of birth. Apellidos de Judios Sefardies (Surnames of the Sephardic Jews) from the site Comunidad Judia Del Principado de Asturias | The Principality of Asturias (Spanish: Principado de Asturias . The most important cities are the provincial capital. they shall do penance for seven days. occupation. there are clear references to the mid-eleventh century Council of Coyanza held in the Diocese of Oviedo in 1050 which states in Chapter VI: ". perhaps causing .. Jewish witness signatures begin to appear more often on donation pledge cards from 1133. the seaport and largest city Gijón.Asturian: Principáu d'Asturies) is an autonomous community within the kingdom of Spain. The list also includes the names of the relatives of the victims. former Kingdom of Asturias in the Middle Ages. England). The register includes surnames of those circumsized as well as the names of their Godfathers &amp. There are several cases in which many members of the same family were tortured and sentenced so some family lines may end here. A Origem Judaica dos Brasileiros (The Origin of The Brazilian Jews). Barnett. It is situated on the Spanish North coast facing the Cantabrian Sea (Mar Cantábrico. and if an inferior person they will receive a hundred lashes. if anyone infringes our constitution. Oviedo. No one knows the exact date at which Jews arrived in Asturias. with the assistance of Alan Rose. Asturias names are not very common among the Jewish population in other parts of the peninsula around the same time. Duque and others.This book contains names of New Christians or Brazilians living in Brazil condemned by the Inquisition in the 17th and 18th centuries. being a noble person. There is also a supplement with a record of circumcisions 1679-1699. they shall be deprived of communion for a full year. name of parents. as taken from the archives of Torre do Tombo in Lisbon.D. The Circumcision Register of Isaac and Abraham De Paiba (17151775) from the Archives of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of Bevis Marks (London. Based solely on the documentation found so far in Asturias. and location of domicile are also included." But it is in the twelfth century when the rise and importance of the Jewish people is more noticeable in this region. compiled by Miriam Rodrigues-Pereira.

In many cases. Israel 2008 | This list is compiled from a catalogue the author found on a visit to Puerto Rico in the Museum of San Juan. or totally new names. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution.confusion. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith.10 for Pacheco From the civil records of Amsterdam. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. In yet other cases "aliases". most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. surnames started to become common in Iberia. Our research has found that the family name Pacheco is cited with respect to Jews & CryptoJews in at least 20 bibliographical. Though some converted by choice. these new names retained their old original structure. were banished several years later. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. Both the number of records and the volume of data that may be extracted from them are unprecedented. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. where ArabJewish influence was significant. the year when the present Civil Registry was started. The approximately 750. emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal. "Sephardic Family Names from Puerto Rico". Other family names were a result of conversion. The Casa Shalom Journal. The Netherlands | The Amsterdam Municipal Archives possess a complete set of registers of intended marriages from 1578 to 1811. 15238 Jewish couples were entered in these books. Published by The Institute for Marrano-Anusim Studies. documentary. In Spain. Volume 10. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. or electronic references: Sources 1 . Ruth Reyes. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country. The Jews of Portugal.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. Gan Yavneh. Around the 12th century. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. Between 1598 and 1811. Avila Surname Highlights: 10 Historical Sources Pacheco Surname Meaning & Origin (adalid not found) There are many indicators that the name Pacheco may be of Jewish origin. .

ship passenger lists. the entire book is a listing of Inquisition Records in the New World. Published by the Jewish Historical Society of England and transcribed by R. | The expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492 by the infamous decree of King Ferdinand and . by Dan Rottenberg In this work Dan Rottenberg shows how to do a successful search for probing the memories of living relatives. Finding Our Fathers | A Guidebook to Jewish Genealogy. A History of the Marranos. a list of Jewish family history books. and a guide to researching genealogy. The Spanish and Portuguese Congregation of London | Bevis Marks is the Sephardic synagogue in London. Supplementing the "how to" instructions is a guide to some 8. Barnett. D. | The register gives us dates for the burials in the "Bethahaim Velho" or Old Cemetery. giving the origins of the names.From the records of Bevis Marks. naturalization records. sources of information about each family. It is over 300 years old and is the oldest still in use in Britain. Other features included a country-by-country guide to tracing Jewish ancestors abroad. This is a source for converso names in the New World. by Seymour B. and other public documents. by Cecil Roth. gravestones. The dates are listed as per the Jewish calendar. Liebman.The Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of London has published several volumes of its records: they can be found in libraries such as the Cambridge University Library or the London Metropolitan Archive From the burial register of Bethahaim Velho Cemetery. birth and death certificates. by examining marriage licenses. Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in the New Spain | Except for a brief introduction. and the names of related families whose histories have been recorded. The Inquisitors and the Jews in the New World. and by looking for clues in family traditions and customs.000 Jewish family names.

The JEWS in SPAIN and PORTUGAL became known as "Sephardim" or and those things associated with the SEPHARDIM including names. became known as SEPHARDIC. "Los Sefard&iacute. by Albert M. by Arnold Wiznitzer | Professor Wiznitzer gathered detailed information about individual Jewish settlers in colonial Brazil and about cases where they were brought before the Inquisition at Lisbon. Many were sent to the Iberian peninsula. were then mercilessly persecuted by the dreaded Inquisition which through tortures of forced confessions and auto-da-fes sent thousands to the stake. Jews in Colonial Brazil. These Marranos. 1492-1951.by Jose M. customs.Most of the "new Christians" continued to practice the old religion secretly. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. while outwardly professing Christianity. and they maintained close relations with another large group of exiles who had taken refuge in Amsterdam. Estrugo. genealogy and religious rituals. A large number of converts. 1958. This seminal work by the eminent historian traces the tribulation of these secret Judaizers as well as the fate of those who succeeded in escaping to other lands where many of them rose to prominence in various fields of endeavor.es" (The Sephardim). and his study throws new light on some phases of Brazilian colonial history. Thousands of others converted in order to escape death. Hyamson | A history of the Spanish &amp. Portugese Jewish Community. Published by Editorial Lex La Habana.They were active in the establishment of the sugar industry and in trade. Die Sefarden in Hamburg (The Sephardim in Hamburg) by Michael Studemund-Halevy.Queen Isabella was the culmination of a series of anti-Jewish persecutions throughout the 14th and 15th centuries in which thousands of Jews were massacred. The Sephardim of England. Thousands of Marranos have survived even into our times. From the publication. Many others managed to escape to countries outside the reach of the Inquisition where they created a widespread Marrano diaspora. After the expulsion many more joined the ranks of these "new Christians" as an alternative to exile.(Surnames common among the Sephardim) | When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. The area became known by the Hebrew word "Sepharad". Many Jews fled to Brazil and others were deported to the colony as convicted heretics after the King of Portugal attemtped to compel all of his Jewish subjects to accept Christianity in 1497. secretly continued to practice Judaism. | . as they were popularly known.

probably due to the geographical migrations to which the Jews from Spain and Portugal were subject after the Inquisition and the love they had for the country in which they had lived for many centuries.The Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of London has published several volumes of its records: they can be found in libraries such as the Cambridge University Library or the London Metropolitan Archive . ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. Pacheco Surname Highlights: 20 Historical Sources Aguilar Surname Meaning & Origin Ordonez Surname Meaning & Origin The surname Aguilar is a toponymic name. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. Other family names were a result of conversion. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. or electronic references: Sources 1 . The Spanish and Portuguese Congregation of London | Bevis Marks is the Sephardic synagogue in London. where ArabJewish influence was significant. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. Though some converted by choice. Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish).20 for Pacheco Around the 12th century. were banished several years later. emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal. In Spain.The Sephardic community of Hamburg was founded by Portuguese conversos who had settled in the Hamburg area during the three decades prior to 1611. This is the largest category of family names. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith. which means that it is derived from a geographical location. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella. Our research has found that the family name Aguilar is cited with respect to Jews & CryptoJews in at least 26 bibliographical. documentary. It is over 300 years old and is the oldest still in use in Britain. Toponymic names can be based on anything from the name of a town or village to the name of a forest or pasture. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. these new names retained their old original structure. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin.10 for Aguilar From the records of Bevis Marks. There are many indicators that the name Aguilar may be of Jewish origin. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country. In yet other cases "aliases". surnames started to become common in Iberia. or totally new names. The approximately 750. The Jews of Portugal. In many cases. + Sources 11 .

by Cecil Roth. and a guide to researching genealogy. ship passenger lists. sources of information about each family. Other features included a country-by-country guide to tracing Jewish ancestors abroad. Liebman. and by looking for clues in family traditions and customs. Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in the New Spain | Except for a brief introduction. Published by the Jewish Historical Society of England and transcribed by R. The Inquisitors and the Jews in the New World. by Dan Rottenberg In this work Dan Rottenberg shows how to do a successful search for probing the memories of living relatives. | The expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492 by the infamous decree of King Ferdinand and . by Seymour B. Finding Our Fathers | A Guidebook to Jewish Genealogy. naturalization records. Liebman. birth and death certificates. by Seymour B. Barnett. a list of Jewish family history books. Supplementing the "how to" instructions is a guide to some 8.000 Jewish family names. gravestones. and the names of related families whose histories have been recorded. The Inquisitors and the Jews in the New World.From the burial register of Bethahaim Velho Cemetery. This is a source for converso names in the New World. A History of the Marranos. | The register gives us dates for the burials in the "Bethahaim Velho" or Old Cemetery. D. the entire book is a listing of Inquisition Records in the New World. | Except for a brief introduction. the entire book is a listing of Inquisition Records in the New World. by examining marriage licenses. The dates are listed as per the Jewish calendar. This is a source for converso names in the New World. giving the origins of the names. Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in El Peru. and other public documents.

The converted Jews (Conversos) became an underclass in Spanish society.(Surnames common among the Sephardim) | When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. The Sephardim of England. became known as SEPHARDIC. secretly continued to practice Judaism. this is the first thorough compilation of their customs and practices. 1492-1951. Estrugo. stretches back to biblical times.Queen Isabella was the culmination of a series of anti-Jewish persecutions throughout the 14th and 15th centuries in which thousands of Jews were massacred. and the New World. These Marranos. "Los Sefard&iacute. the impact of which is first being measured and recognized today. or Sephardim. as they were popularly known. From the publication. Portugese Jewish Community. Thousands of Marranos have survived even into our times. intense and violent social pressures were put upon the Jews to join the larger Christian community. The history of Spanish Jews. Secrecy and Deceit | The Religion of the Crypto-Jews. Portugal. by David Gitlitz Despite the increased attention given to Hispano-Jewish topics. Many were sent to the Iberian peninsula. genealogy and religious rituals. This seminal work by the eminent historian traces the tribulation of these secret Judaizers as well as the fate of those who succeeded in escaping to other lands where many of them rose to prominence in various fields of endeavor. though for another 300 years the Jews continued to contribute to Iberian life. A large number of converts. The JEWS in SPAIN and PORTUGAL became known as "Sephardim" or and those things associated with the SEPHARDIM including names. In 1492 the remaining Jews were exiled from Spain. This Golden Age ended with the Reconquest of Spain by Catholic overlords.es" (The Sephardim). The area became known by the Hebrew word "Sepharad". The author has culled from Inquisition documents and other sources to paint a portrait of the richness and diversity of Crypto-Jewish practices in Spain. Thousands of others converted in order to escape death. 1958. customs. In 1391 and again in 1492. often unwillingly. during which they acted as the intermediaries between the rival political and cultural worlds of Islam and Christianity. Many others managed to escape to countries outside the reach of the Inquisition where they created a widespread Marrano diaspora. Published by Editorial Lex La Habana. Many Jews converted.by Jose M. by Albert M. Many of them clung tenaciously to Jewish practices in the face of torture and . much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. The Jews of Spain and Portugal made formative contributions to all Hispanic cultures. and the "conversos" or CryptoJews in particular. Hyamson | A history of the Spanish &amp. were then mercilessly persecuted by the dreaded Inquisition which through tortures of forced confessions and auto-da-fes sent thousands to the stake. The Sephardim experienced a Golden Age in Iberia between 900-1100. while outwardly professing Christianity. After the expulsion many more joined the ranks of these "new Christians" as an alternative to exile.

though never totally vanished. Barnett and Philip Wright. unintended comedy. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. Essentially checklists for informers. Gitlitz's knowledge and research on the subject is encyclopedic. when systematic registration of deaths was introduced. though it is enlivened by excerpts from Inquisition records. when the British ousted the Spanish. In Spain. Having lost contact with other Jews. Ashkenazic Jews also settled there in the eighteenth century. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country. crypto-Judaism waned. Richard D. and 1880. It is revealing that as the Inquisition faded. these new names retained their old original structure. or totally new names. The Jews of Jamaica is a valuable tool for the study of immigration to the Americas. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. by Richard D. In many cases. the surnames. Jerusalem. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. showing that a sense of "Jewishness" if not Jewish practice remained a core value of many Spaniards' lives well into the 1700s. The Jews played a significant part in developing the island's natural resources and its international trade. Jewish families who had fled the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal settled in Jamaica in increasing numbers during that time. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. The texts of the inscriptions. The book includes the names of the Sephardim (and sometimes their residences too). where ArabJewish influence was significant. + Sources 11 . surnames started to become common in Iberia. Gitlitz is convincing in showing that the Inquisition unwittingly aided crypto-Jews in perpetuating themselves by publishing Edicts of Faith. are of cultural interest and sometimes refer to dramatic events in the lives of the Jewish residents of Jamaica during a turbulent period. Barnett and Philip Wright. . many of them in three languages (Hebrew. ironically. these people developed a religion which was an admixture of Catholic and Jewish rituals. date and language. Other family names were a result of conversion.20 for Aguilar + Sources 21 . The book is written in a "textbook" style which makes it somewhat technical and dry. or spiritedness. Featuring detailed indexes by name. they described the behavior of "Judaizers" (sometimes the practices listed were absurd or simply erroneous). were used by Judaizers as guides to religious behavior. | The product of many years of painstaking research by two late scholars.26 for Aguilar Around the 12th century. Gitlitz's research is exhaustive. The Jews of Jamaica.death at the hands of the Inquisition. 1997. These. English and Portuguese or Spanish). David Gitlitz examines these practices in detail and attempts to answer the question of whether the Conversos were in fact Jewish.Oron Yoffe. It is difficult to imagine that human beings would face the tortures of the rack for not eating pork. given names and genealogy of Sephardi Jews. Ben-Zvi Institute. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. He has combed through thousands of Inquistion records. this volume presents the texts or summaries of 1456 tombstone inscriptions of Jews who lived in Jamaica between 1663. In yet other cases "aliases". which Gitlitz has apparently chosen for their interest. irony. That these same tortured people could summon the will to laugh at their executioners is something wondrous.

documentary. Though some converted by choice. Spain Smyrna.000 Jews living in Spain in the year 1492 were banished from the country by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella.aspx?section=results Aguilar Surname Highlights: 26 Historical Sources | 15 Locations Ordonez Surname Highlights: 3 Historical Sources Next NAMES ANALYSIS REPORT Aguilar Surname Meaning & Origin Ordonez Surname Meaning & Origin There are many indicators that the name Ordonez may be of Jewish origin. Spain Manaus. Netherlands An interesting fact about the name this name are : • The name Aguiar appears in the records of the Inquisition of Lisbon Some common variations of Aguilar are D'Aguilar. by Seymour B. were banished several years later. Portugal Sao Paulo. Belem. Brazil Angola. When the Romans conquered the Jewish nation in 70 CE. Italy Madrid.com/public/IberianDNA/default. . Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in the New Spain | Except for a brief introduction. Liebman. and Aguiar. Portugal Livorno (Leghorn). Many were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. The following website is relevant to the surname Aguilar: •http://www.Here are some locations where registries of Sephardic or Christianized Jewish families with this surname have been traced: Puerto Rico. or electronic references: The Inquisitors and the Jews in the New World.causes. Brasil Portugal. mechanics and aftermath of the 1492 expulsion from Spain and lists Sephardic movers and shakers during the period. Aguylar. The approximately 750. emanating from the Jewish communities of Spain and Portugal. Brasil Sevilla.edited by Gampel. much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire.familytreedna. most of these New-Christian converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish). Santarem. ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS. the entire book is a listing of Inquisition Records in the New World. This book explores antecedents. USA Amazonas. This is a source for converso names in the New World. Lisbon. Reprieve from the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews who converted to Catholicism. Crisis and Creativity in the Sephardic World | 1391-1648. Brasil Ouro Preto. The Jews of Portugal. Our research has found that the family name Ordonez is cited with respect to Jews & CryptoJews in at least 3 bibliographical. portugal Brazil. as they secretly continued to practice the tenets of the Jewish faith.

These three Nordic peoples brought Haplogroup I and sub-haplogroups I1 and I2 into Iberia. In many cases. DYS392=13 and DYS393=13. In 409 AD. In yet other cases "aliases". DYS19 (DYS394)=14. Mediterranean. Other family names were a result of conversion. Some common variations of Ordonez are Ordones and Ordoñez. where ArabJewish influence was significant.R1b1: Western European Origin. these new names retained their old original structure. and settled there in the year 507 AD.R1b1: Western European Origin. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps. The Visigoths’ ancient homeland was Sweden. the Suebi (a Baltic people) and the Vandals (an Eastern Germanic people) established themselves on the Iberian Peninsula. Mostly found in the Middle East. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. About 28% of Sephardic Jews have this origin. Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. were adopted due to fear of persecution by the Inquisition. Sephardic Jews and Arab Moors belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. DYS391=11. This haplogroup contains the Cohen modal lineage which is found in about 5% of those with this origin. Many names have been changed in the course of migration from country to country. 65% of modern day Iberians share this origin. or totally new names. Ávila . DYS388=12. DYS392=13 and DYS393=13. or J2 origin. 13% of modern day Iberians share this origin.J2: Semitic Origin. after they had conquered Rome. Less than 100 years later the Visigoths (an Eastern Germanic people) conquered Iberia. J1. DYS390=24. Arias . "Reintegrating the Lost Jews of Spain & Portugal" | List of names of forcibly converted Jews who were tried by the Spanish Inquisition for practicing Judaism in Mexico in the years 1528 . DYS390=24. DYS391=11. 65% of modern day Iberians share this origin. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. the Portuguese Jews bear surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. In Spain. and North Africa. Others were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired due to the forced wanderings caused by exile and persecution. surnames started to become common in Iberia. Ordonez Surname Highlights: 3 Historical Sources Aguilar . which they had left around Christ's time. DYS19 (DYS394)=14. Ávila . DYS388=12.1815 Around the 12th century. when the family accepted the name of their Christian sponsor. .The Abarbanel Foundation Website. 6% of modern day Iberians have J.I: Nordic (Northwestern European) Origin. so that many of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation.

The G2 branch of this lineage (containing the P15 mutation) is found most often in Europe and the Middle East. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps. Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. The original haplogroup J originated in the Near East approximately 50. About 28% of Sephardic Jews have this origin. west. J1. and central Africa. 17% of modern day Europeans share this origin. and the Middle East. In 409 AD. or J2 origin. Fernándes . which has been concretely characterized as representing the original human mitochondrial lineage. but at a relatively low frequency.J2: Semitic Origin. The Alan Sarmatians were military allies of the Vandals and the Suebi during the conquest of Iberia. Part of the L cluster of haplogroups. DYS392=13 and DYS393=13. Linares . These three Nordic peoples brought . DYS19 (DYS394)=14. Less than 100 years later the Visigoths (an Eastern Germanic people) conquered Iberia. DYS392=13 and DYS393=13.J: Semitic Origin. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. Sephardic Jews and Arab Moors belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. and North Africa. The Visigoths ancient homeland was Sweden. which they had left around Christ's time.G2: Caucasus of Europe. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. and Azerbaijan. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps. Haplogroup J* —the root lineage of haplogroup J—is found distributed throughout Europe. it is likely this is the origin of haplogroup G2 in Spain. the Suebi (a Baltic people) and the Vandals (an Eastern Germanic people) established themselves on the Iberian Peninsula. 65% of modern day Iberians share this origin. sub-lineages of haplogroup J have distinct and interesting distributions.I2a: Balkans of Europe. This haplogroup contains the Cohen modal lineage which is found in about 5% of those with this origin. Fernández . DYS388=12. haplogroup L1b is found in Africa. 4% of modern day Iberians share this origin. and in Georgia.R1b1: Western European Origin.000 years ago. DYS390=24. in several small states to the south of Russia. DYS19 (DYS394)=14. and settled there in the year 507 AD. and is detected in highest frequency in north. The Alan Sarmatians' ancient homeland was the Caucasus Mountains. Within Europe. Armenia. DYS390=24.L1b: African Origin. The highest concentration of Haplogroup G men is found today in the Caucasus Mountains. DYS391=11. Haplogroup J* is generally considered one of the prominent lineages that was part of the Neolithic spread of agriculture into Europe from the Near East beginning approximately 10. This haplogroup dates to approximately 30. The mitochondrial haplogroup J contains several sub-lineages.R1b1: Western European Origin. DYS391=11. DYS388=12. 6% of modern day Iberians have J. Fernández . This is a fairly rare haplogroup found mostly in men from the Mediterranean.Benítez . Future work will further document the historical distribution of this haplogroup and closely related haplogroups of the L cluster. Mostly found in the Middle East.000 years ago. Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. the Caucasus. Fernández . 65% of modern day Iberians share this origin. Mediterranean. Fernández . after they had conquered Rome.000 years ago.

The Alan Sarmatians were military allies of the Vandals and the Suebi during the conquest of Iberia. or J2 origin. DYS392=13 and DYS393=13. 10% of modern day Iberians share this origin. and Azerbaijan. Morales . and East Africa. Morales . and in Georgia.000 years with the Bantu agricultural expansion. Southern Europe. North. Mediterranean. The Phoenicians. It is also found at a very low frequency in North Africa and the Middle East. 6% of modern day Iberians have J. and the Middle East. the Middle East. West. the Caucasus.J2: Semitic Origin. This haplogroup contains the Cohen modal lineage which is found in about 5% of those with this origin.000 years old. DYS390=24. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps. Haplogroup E1b1a is an African lineage. The G2 branch of this lineage (containing the P15 mutation) is found most often in Europe and the Middle East. Mostly found in the Mediterranean. Morales . 13% of modern day Iberians share this origin. About 28% of Sephardic Jews have this origin. Armenia. 65% of modern day Iberians share this origin. Sephardic Jews and Arab Moors belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula.E1b1a: Sub Saharan African Origin. in several small states to the south of Russia. It is an old.7% of those sampled in the Cadiz area of Spain. North. the Middle East. DYS19 (DYS394)=14.perhaps migrating north to the Baltic. and the Romans belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of Spain. DYS388=12. In a DNA study done in Spain it was found in 10.E1b1b: Mediterranean Origin. it is likely this is the origin of haplogroup G2 in Spain. West. 4% of modern day Iberians share this origin. and East Africa.Haplogroup I and sub-haplogroups I1 and I2 into Iberia. Morales . and North Africa. DYS391=11.E1b1b: Mediterranean Origin.T: Eurasian Origin. The Phoenicians belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. The Phoenicians. . Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. Morales . J1. and have diffused outward in many directions . Mostly found in the Mediterranean. Mostly found in the Middle East. the Greeks. The highest concentration of Haplogroup G men is found today in the Caucasus Mountains. Linares . It is currently hypothesized that this haplogroup dispersed south from northern Africa within the last 3.G2: Caucasus of Europe. I2a is found predominately in the Balkans where it probably mutated from "I". This Haplogroup is about 40. T is believed to have originated in Central Asia. Linares . the Greeks. This is a fairly rare haplogroup found mostly in men from the Mediterranean. Southern Europe. and most definitely moving south to the Middle East and the Mediterranean.R1b1: Western European Origin. It is also found significantly in Sardinia and the Basque country of Spain (I2a2). 10% of modern day Iberians share this origin. The Alan Sarmatians' ancient homeland was the Caucasus Mountains. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. E1b1a is also the most common lineage among African Americans. diverse haplogroup with many branches and is found distributed throughout Africa today. and the Romans belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of Spain.

West.L1b: African Origin. These three Nordic peoples brought Haplogroup I and sub-haplogroups I1 and I2 into Iberia. the Greeks. Armenia. .I2a: Balkans of Europe. DYS390=24. The Visigoths ancient homeland was Sweden. 13% of modern day Iberians share this origin. or J2 origin.Romero .000 years ago. It is also found significantly in Sardinia and the Basque country of Spain (I2a2). Mitochondrial haplogroup V is a primarily European haplogroup and underwent an expansion within Europe beginning approximately 13. Future work will further document the historical distribution of this haplogroup and closely related haplogroups of the L cluster. The Alan Sarmatians' ancient homeland was the Caucasus Mountains. Some evidence suggests that individuals bearing haplogroup V participated in the colonization of Europe following the last period of glaciation. it is likely this is the origin of haplogroup G2 in Spain. Southern Europe. and central Africa. DYS19 (DYS394)=14. after they had conquered Rome.E1b1b: Mediterranean Origin. it is interesting to note that the highest frequency of haplogroup V is found among the Saami in Finland and the Catalunya region of Spain. The highest concentration of Haplogroup G men is found today in the Caucasus Mountains. which they had left around Christ's time.R1b1: Western European Origin. the Middle East. and Azerbaijan. 6% of modern day Iberians have J. Future work will better resolve the distribution and historical characteristics of this haplogroup. Romero . and in Georgia. About 28% of Sephardic Jews have this origin. DYS391=11. Mediterranean. The Alan Sarmatians were military allies of the Vandals and the Suebi during the conquest of Iberia. This haplogroup dates to approximately 30.000 years ago. and settled there in the year 507 AD. DYS388=12. in several small states to the south of Russia. I2a is found predominately in the Balkans where it probably mutated from "I". Though it occurs at low frequency throughout Europe. J1. North. 10% of modern day Iberians share this origin. This haplogroup contains the Cohen modal lineage which is found in about 5% of those with this origin. west. Mostly found in the Middle East. DYS392=13 and DYS393=13. Mostly found in the Mediterranean. Sephardic Jews and Arab Moors belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. Romero . The Phoenicians. Part of the L cluster of haplogroups. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps. 65% of modern day Iberians share this origin. Romero . the Suebi (a Baltic people) and the Vandals (an Eastern Germanic people) established themselves on the Iberian Peninsula. and is detected in highest frequency in north. which has been concretely characterized as representing the original human mitochondrial lineage. and the Romans belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of Spain.J2: Semitic Origin. Romero . Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. 4% of modern day Iberians share this origin. Romero . haplogroup L1b is found in Africa. and North Africa. Less than 100 years later the Visigoths (an Eastern Germanic people) conquered Iberia. This is a fairly rare haplogroup found mostly in men from the Mediterranean.V: European Origin. In 409 AD. The G2 branch of this lineage (containing the P15 mutation) is found most often in Europe and the Middle East. the Caucasus. and the Middle East. and East Africa. Romero .G2: Caucasus of Europe. 5% of modern day Europeans share this origin.

el Oeste de Ucrania y el Sur de Lituania. DYS19 (DYS394)=14. DYS390=24. se habían producido numerosísimas expulsiones de judíos. y ya entonces se promulgaron leyes en contra de ellos. khazares y mil siniestros pueblos procedentes de las estepas. entre migraciones de judíos. Todos estos judíos acabaron masivamente en un territorio que hoy sería Polonia. 65% of modern day Iberians share this origin. en Alemania. Hungría y el Báltico. DYS391=11. todo este territorio era un auténtico hervidero de judíos que vivían a la sombra del feroz anti-semitismo eslavo. tártaros. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. Bielorrusia. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps. Para 1500. Moldavia. se creó la rama judía asquenazi y el idioma yidish. Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. DYS388=12.Velasco . Aquí. a pesar de su escasa población por aquel entonces. . Austria. además de la misma Rusia. A lo largo de la Edad Media. DYS392=13 and DYS393=13.   De 1471 datan las primeras referencias a judíos en territorios rusos.R1b1: Western European Origin.

curiosamente. Se cree que la Zona de Residencia llegó a albergar un total de 5 millones de judíos. Mientras la Ilustración emancipó a los judíos. parecía que nadie quería judíos en su reino) y las rutas tomadas por las migraciones judías. incluyendo zonas posteriormente arrebatadas a la Mancomunidad Polaco-Lituana y el Imperio Otomano. Nuevos y extraños vientos venían del Oeste. En 1789. la sanguinaria Revolución Francesa hizo que Catalina se asquease ante las ideas ilustradas que antes había apoyado. Nótese que. en 1791. Catalina expulsó a los judíos rusos a un área llamada Zona de Residencia.En amarillo. las zonas emisoras de población judía (por alguna razón. los judíos han ido a ocupar precisamente la Urheimat de los pueblos eslavos. junto con las fechas. un 40% de la población total. que se . Las ciudades marcadas son aquellas con una gran población judía. que constaba de territorios tradicionalmente muy judaizados.

Rusia había crecido con territorios de la Mancomunidad Polaco-Lituana. y donde se daba la mayor concentración judía del mundo. Moldavia. y partes de Rusia. Nótese que la Zona de Residencia se corresponde con las modernas Bielorrusia. Comparar con el anterior mapa de las migraciones judías en el Este. gran parte de Ucrania. A la muerte de Catalina en 1796.segregaban de los no-judíos.   . Polonia había sido repartida por Prusia. Polonia y Lituania. Austria y Rusia. donde se formaron herméticos guetos y extrañas sectas fundamentalistas como los hassidim o judíos chasídicos. el Khanato de Crimea y el Imperio Otomano. En 1795. especialmente en las ciudades. La Zona de Residencia donde se concentraban la mayor parte de los judíos del Este. Ucrania.