外 语教 育研 究 

2011年

第 28期 

读 写算 

A Com parat

ve Study on Fam i

y Educat
ion bet
w een Chi
na and Am eri
ca 
王 大 利 

(西安外事学院英语一系  陕西  西安

71
00
77)
 


Abs






  Fa
mi


 


uc





 


 



 


 

he
 








 



 
mo


 

mp






 



m 


 








n,wh



 


 







 


 

 


so

n’

 
wh



 




.I

 
pl

ys
 a
 
vi



 r
ol
e 


 s
hapi
ng
 
a c
hi

d’s
 wor

d v


w ,cha
ra
ct
er, a
nd t
hi
nki
ng 
mode.W i

h t
he s
oci
al
 
de
vel
opment
, hi
gh 
qua
li
ied t

al
ent

 ar

 i

 
bad
ly
 ne
ed. Ho
weve
r,f
ami

y 
educ
at


n 


 t
he
 
ke
y 
poi
nt
 

o 
he 

hi
gh 
qua
li
ie

d 

le

nt

. Beca
us

 
of
 
he

 
di


er

nt
 


ci
l 


ys

ems
 

and 

ul

ur
e 
bac
k.
 
gr

unds,f
ami

y 
educa


on 
va



 ̄g

eat

y 
be

wee
n Chi

a a
nd
 Ame
ica. Thi


 pa
per
 
gi
ves
 a
 compa
rat

ve
 s

udy
 on
 t
he 


mi


 educa


on 
be

ween
 
Chi
na and Amer
ica from expect
at
ions,t
eachi
ng met
hods a
n d resu
lt
s.
 

【Ke

 
Wor

s】:


mi


 


uc




n;c

mp





n;Ame
ic


n;Ch





 
Ent
er
ing
 
21s

 c
ent
ur
y, f
ami


 educat

on 


 
becomi
ng 
mor
e a
n d 

pape

boy o

 be
 a par



me
r.
  Compa
red wi



 wes

er
n  pa
rent

  our
 

mor

 i
mpor

ant
 

n pe
opl
e’s
 l


e. Fa
mi

y, as
 t
he
 c
el

 of
 

oci
et
y, i

 


ea
chi
ng
 met
hod has
 t
he f
ol


wi
ng
 c
ha
rac


is



cs
. Fi




y, Chi
ne
se
 

he

 f
ir


 
pl
ac
e t
hat
 
chi

dr
en 

ecei
ve
 educat

on a
nd t
he
 f
ir


 
uni

 t
hat
 

pa

ent

 o
ver
pr



ct
ed t
h ei

 c
hi

r en. W hen

 chi

es
e c
hi

ren have

 

he

 c
hi

dr
en 
ge

 i
n 


uch 
wi

h s
oc



y.Educat

on i

 
a 
hi
hl

y 
compl


 


h .unpl

eas
ant
 
wi
h 

he



 
buddi
es
 o

 



ss
ma

es,pa
re
nt

 
woul
d 

avo

 

cat
ed 
pr
oc
es
s 
whi
ch i

 c
onne
ct
ed 
wi

h f
ami


es,s
cho
ol

 
and s
oci



 


hei
r own chil
r en and scol

d ot
hers,so 
it
 devel
ops i
nt
o a 
di
sput
e be. 


hr
ou


ho
ut
 
one’s
 whol

 l


e. Howev
er, beca
use
 o

 t
he
 di
fe

ent
 s
o・
 


ween parent
s and i
t 
does no good for chi

dren’8 g
row
i ng. Secondl
y,
 

cial
 syst
ems and cu
lt
ure backgrounds,fam
il
y educati
on 
vari
es g
reat
ly 

Chinese pa
r ents
 do t
oo much f
or t
hei
r chi
ldren i
n li
fe. They cook,
 

bet
w een 
Chi
na 
n d 

Ame
dea.
 

cl
ean
 a
n d 
was
h 
or

 

hem. I

 


 
co
mmon 
or

 
he

m t

 ca



 s
chool
ba
gs
 

I.Di
ferent Expect
at
ions towards Chil
dren 

or t
ie shoel
aces f
o r t
hei
r chil
r en. They woul

dn ’t
 f
ind a
n yt
hing 

Beca
us
e 
of
 
di
fe

ent
 cul

ur

 ba
ckgr

unds,Chi
nes

 pa
re
nt

 a
n d 

wr
ong.T
hi

dl
y,t
hey
 gi
ve
 t
oo
 much a
ll

wance
 t
o 
hei


 
chi

re

n.E—
 

Amer
ica
n 
pa
rent

 ha
ve
 di
fe

ent
 e
xpect
at

ons
 t
owa
rd t
h ei

 chi

re

n.
 


en i
n 

ome
 poo

 

ami


es,t
he
y 



 t

 me
et
 t
hei

 

hi

dr
en’s
 

mmo
d—
 

In Amer
ica,t
he purpose of f
am
i l
y educat
ion i
s t
o t
rain i
ndependent 



at

 dema
n ds. Par
ent

 l


e a
 har
d l


e. but
 t





 chi

dr

n we
r 



31
dr
en 

o 
h ey

 co
l d s

ur
vi
ve i
n a
ll
 ki
nds
 of
 

oci
al
 condi


ons
 a
nd 

name
br
ands
 t
o 

choo1
.I
n a
 wo

d,Chi
nes
e 
pa
r ent
s 
ove
indu

lge 
h ei


 

si
tuati
ons.Amer
ica
n  pa
r ent
s at

ach g
reat
 i
mpor
ta
n ce to ski
ll—t
ra
in・
 

chi
ld
r en.
 


ng 
and 

bi


y —t


ini

ng.They
 
bel

eve
 

hat
 
he

 
it


es

 

ur
vi
ve
 

o 
hei


 

H I. Turni
ng outto be Di
f erentPersons 

ch
il
re

n hav

 t
o depend on
 t
hemse


es. Even when t
he
y a
re ve

y 

Becaus
e 
of
 

fer
ent
 
ex
pe
ct
at


ns
 a
n d 

eac
hi
ng 
conce
pt
s,Chi
nes
e 

yo
ung,t
hei

 pa
re
nt
s pr
oba
bl
y as
k t
hem t

 gi
ve a hel
pi
ng hand i
n 

chi
ldr

n 
and 
Amer
iean 
chi

re

n 
re

 
bo
und
 t

 
be
 
di


er
ent
. Amer
ica
n 

housework or lawn —mowi
ng. Thr
ough t
he process, t
hey become l
a-
 

chi

dr

n a
re
 s


f — depedent
 eve
n whe
n t
he
y a
re ve


 y
oung. They
 

bor— l
oving,independent,i
ndustr
ious and 
responsi
ble.However,i
n 

woul
d move out
 ofthei
r pa
r ent
s’ house at
 t
he age of 18 t
o nl
ake a 

Chi

a,mo


 
par

nt

 

xpect
 

hei

 
da
ug
ht



 t
o 
be 
phoe
ni
x—l

ke
 and 

li
vi
ng on t
hemsel
ves. T
h ey have a good busi
ness sense. 111ey know 

hei

r sons t
o be d
r agon— l
ike. They wish t
hei
r chil
r en t

o go int
o a 





 i

 
ha
rd 
and 


 


 
di
icul


 


 
ea

n 
mone
y 


om 
hei


 
par
t—t
ime
 

ob
 



p 
a 
uni

er


y 

and 
ind 

a 
de
cent
 

0b.T
h ey
 t
hi
nk 


 


 t
hei

 dut
y t
o 

exper
ience, so when t


ey gr
ow up,they budget
 ever
ythi
ng st
rict
ly 




 

he


 
ut
mos

 


 
cr
ea


 
a 
be


er
 




 

or
 
hei


 

hi

r en. So

 

n 
Chi
na,
 

and 

hr



y. The
y c
an eas


y ada
pt
 t

 s
oc


y a



er
 g
ra
dua


on. T
h e
y 

he

 
ma

or
it
y 


 
pa
re
nt

 
wou
ldn’

 
as
k 

hei

 
chi

dr
en t

 do 
n y 

hous
e—
 

r e st

rong—det
er
m ined,courageous
 and ca
lm when t
hey come cross 

wor
k 
and 
hei


 
pa
rent

 do ev
er
yt
hi
ng
 f


 t
hem.
 I




 onl
y 
hi

ng Chi

 

di




ul


es
 a
nd 
ha
r ds
hi
ps. Al
l t
he
se
 l
ay
 t
he 

oundat
ion f
or
 t
h ei

 

u-
 

nes
e 
chi

dr
en 
need 
do 


 
de
vot
e 


 s

udy. Chi
nes
e 
pa

ent

 pay
 l


de
 


ar
e 
de
vel
opment
.To 
be
 
ho
nse
t,o
ur
 
Chi
nes

 c
hi

dr

n 
can
 
be
r 


om-
 

at

ent

on
 t
o 
hei


 
chi

dr

n’s
 
bi





 
of
 
adapt

ng
 t

 
and 
sur




ng
 

oei

 

pa
li



n w
it
h t
hem i
n s

udy, howev
er, t
hey
 al

 dependent,se




h 

et
y,l


 al
one
 t
he s
ense
 of
 ci



ens
hi
p. So when Chi
nes

 chi

r en 

and cowar
d. They don’t
 know how to get
 on wi
h ot

her
s and t
hey 

gr

w up,t
he
y 
ar
e 

us

 


ke 

he
 f
lo
wer

 i
n 
ree

nho
us

 and 
so
met

mes
 


ack socia
l responsi

it
y. In one wor
d ,our pa
rent
s at
ach too much 

he

y 
ind 



 


 

ea
ll
y 
ha
r d 

o 

urv


e 


 t
he 

eve


 s
oci
et
y.
 


mpor
tance to i
nt
el
lect
ua
l educat

on,and pay li

de at

ent
ion t
o mor— 

Ⅱ . Di
f er
ent
 Cul


vat
ing 
M et
hod 


l,phys


al
 and qual

y educat


on. Tha

 i

 why
 we
 l
ag
 be
hi
nd i
n 

Owing to t
h e di
ferent
 expectati
ons t
owa
r ds chi

r en,t

he eduea— 

som e ways・
 



ng 
met


od 
ls

o 
di
fer
s i
n Chi
na
 and Amer
ica. M os

 Amer
ica
n pa
r-
 

IV. Conclusi
on 

ent

 
go
 a


 l
engt
hs
 t
o cr

at
e va



us
 co
ndi



ns
 f

r 
he



 c
hi

dr
en
 t
o 


s paper anal
yses t
he di
ff
erences f
rom expect
at
ions。teachi
ng 

per

or
m 
di

er


 t

sks.Paper
bo
y 


 a
 
ki
nd 


 
common 
phenome
no
n 

n 

me
h ods

 and 


su
lt

.W e
 
ca
n  s

e 
he

 
exi



ng
 
pr
obl
ems
 

n 
our
 

duca

 

we
st
er
n c
ount



s. Whi


 mos

 Chi
nes

 chi

re

n a
re
 s

ll

 s

ee
pi
ng 

n 



on 
and a

 t
he 

ame
 t

me
 we
 
can 

re

n 
rom 

Amer
ican
 


mi


 e
duca

 


ed,t
he 
pa
er

bo
ys
 
al

 
go

ng 
out
 


 

reet

 

o 




 
or
 
del

ver
 
news
paper
 




bn.
 




m 
door
 


 do
or
.Fr

m Chi
ne
se
 
par
ent
s’po

nt
 
of
 
vi
ew,i

 mi
ht

 
be
 

Reference
s 



uel;howev
er,wes

er
n 
pa
rent

 s
uppor

 t
he a
ct

vi

y 
ir

m l
y 
be
caus
e 

hey 

hi

nk
 i

 


 

 g
ood 
cha
n ce
 


 t

ai
n 
chi

dr
en
 a
nd 
at
 

he
 s
ame
 t

me 
hey 


an e
ar

 s

me
 
al

owance. 1
11

 
mo


 

mpor

ant
 
hi

ng 


 

ha

 
chi


 
dr

n 
wo
l d 


ea
rn
 ho
w 
har
d 




 


 
and 
how 
di
fi
cul

 

o 
be
 
a 
br

adwi
n—
 
ner
 

o 

he
y 
wou
ld 
va

ue
 
h ei


 
po
cket
 
mone
y 
and 

ea

n 

o 

ont

ol
 

hem—
 

el
ves
.I
n 
Ame
ica,wea

lt
hy 
par
ent

 al


 enco
ur
age
 c
hi

r en 


o 
be a
 

万方数据

172 ・
 


1]
  中美 青少 年 人 格 养 成 影 响 因素 的 比较 及 启 示 [
J];




na
l 
of
 
Sha
ndong
 Yout
h 
Admi
ni

rat


ve
 
Cadr


 Co


eg
e;
2009 —03 


2]
  李 盈 .2
Oo
5.美 国 家 庭 教 育 的启 示.教 育 研 究 与 实 践 第 
4期 


3]
  李子 银 .20

7.中美 家 庭 教 育 比较 分 析 及 对 策 研 究,当代 
教育 论 坛 第 6期 

cn/Periodical_dxs-jyjxyj201128163.陕西西安.710077 读写算:教育教学研究 2011(28) 本文链接:http://d.wanfangdata.com.A Comparative Study on Family Education between China and America 作者: 作者单位: 刊名: 英文刊名: 年,卷(期): 王大利 西安外事学院英语一系.aspx .g.

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