Nuclear Engineering Program

An Introduction to Nuclear Power Reactors L. R. Foulke
Module 6.2 The Pressurized Water Reactor

Pressurized Water Reactors

Nuclear Engineering Program

Image source: See Note 1

Pressurized Water Reactors
• HISTORY
– Westinghouse Electric Company
• • • • • Based on Nuclear Submarine Experience 60-MWe Shippingport (1957 - 1982) 175-MWe Yankee-Rowe (1961) Modular Design - 1 to 4 Steam-Generator Loops License: France, W. Germany, Japan, Spain

– Babcock & Wilcox [B&W] – Combustion Engineering [CE]
Nuclear Engineering Program

5 MPa [2250 psi] • Temperature 315OC [600OF] • Coolant Pumps • Pressurizer • Steam Generator Nuclear Engineering Program .Pressurized Water Reactors • CLOSED PRIMARY LOOP • Pressure 15.

2-m Inner Diameter (~20 ft) • 23-cm Thick (~9 in) Nuclear Engineering Program .PWR Pressure Vessel • Core Vessel – Materials • Low-Alloy Carbon Steel • 3-mm-Thick Stainless Steel Clad – Dimensions • 13-m High (~ 40 ft) • 6.

PWR (W) Pressure Vessel Image Source: See Note 2 .

• Steam Generator – Secondary Loop – Characteristics Pressurized Water Reactor • Pressure 7.2 MPa [1000 psi] • Temperature 290°C [550°F] • Efficiency 34% = electrical energy produced thermal energy (heat ) produced • Minimal Fission Products in Turbine Plant Nuclear Engineering Program .

PWR U-Tube Steam Generator Image Source: See Note 2 .

Pilot-Operated / Code Safeties – Drain Tank Nuclear Engineering Program .PWR Pressurizer – Steam-Water Interface – Heater Increases Pressure – Spray Decreases Pressure – Relief Valves .

PWR (W) Pressurizer Image Source: See Note 2 .

PWR (W) 4-Loop Configuration Pump Image Source: See Note 2 .

The Core Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Pressure Vessel Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Control Rods Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Primary Coolant Loop Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Pressurizer Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Pressurizer Relief Tank Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Reactor Vessel Relief Valves Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Reactor Containment Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Condenser Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Turbine Image Source: See Note 3 .

Steam Relief Valves Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Generator Image Source: See Note 3 .

The Turbine Building Image Source: See Note 3 .

Condenser Cooling Water Image Source: See Note 3 .

Emergency Core Cooling System Image Source: See Note 3 .

Charging System Image Source: See Note 3 .

Demineralizers Image Source: See Note 3 .

Safety Injection System Image Source: See Note 3 .

Auxiliary Building Image Source: See Note 3 .

Auxiliary Building Vents Image Source: See Note 3 .

Containment Spray Image Source: See Note 3 .

Aux Feedwater Image Source: See Note 3 .

Containment Sump Image Source: See Note 3 .

http://www.ucsusa.gov/readingrm/basic-ref/students/animated-bwr. Reprinted with permission from Westinghouse. 3.Image Source Notes 1.nrc. Public domain: http://www. Source: The Westinghouse Pressurized Water Reactor Nuclear Power Plant (The Masche Book).pdf . Reprinted with permission from the Union of Concerned Scientists USA.html 2.org/assets/documents/n uclear_power/bwr-intro.

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