Purging statistics from the SYSAUX tablespace

Whenever statistics in the dictionary are modified, old versions of statistics are saved automatically for future restoring. The old statistics are purged automatically at regular intervals based on the statistics history retention setting and the time of recent statistics gathering performed in the system. Retention is configurable using the ALTER_STATS_HISTORY_RETENTION procedure. The default value is 31 days. That is normally not too big an issue but in our PeopleSoft environments we run a lot of gather_stats jobs and if the retention period is not managed then the SYSAUX tablespaces can grow very large. In one of our systems the SYSAUX tablespace was 37Gb with over 32Gb consisting of the stats tables and associated indexes. This blog entry will provide the scripts to diagnose and correct excessive tablespace growth due to retained statistics
set linesize 120 set pagesize 100 COLUMN COLUMN COLUMN COLUMN "Item" FORMAT A25 "Space Used (GB)" FORMAT 999.99 "Schema" FORMAT A25 "Move Procedure" FORMAT A40

SELECT occupant_name "Item", space_usage_kbytes/1048576 "Space Used (GB)", schema_name "Schema", move_procedure "Move Procedure" FROM v$sysaux_occupants ORDER BY 1 / Item Space Used (GB) Schema Move Procedure ------------------------- --------------- ------------------------- --------------------------------------AO .00 SYS DBMS_AW.MOVE_AWMETA EM .08 SYSMAN emd_maintenance.move_em_tblspc EM_MONITORING_USER .00 DBSNMP EXPRESSION_FILTER .00 EXFSYS JOB_SCHEDULER .00 SYS LOGMNR .01 SYSTEM SYS.DBMS_LOGMNR_D.SET_TABLESPACE LOGSTDBY .00 SYSTEM SYS.DBMS_LOGSTDBY.SET_TABLESPACE ODM .00 DMSYS MOVE_ODM ORDIM .00 ORDSYS ORDIM/PLUGINS .00 ORDPLUGINS ORDIM/SQLMM .00 SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA SDO .00 MDSYS MDSYS.MOVE_SDO SM/ADVISOR .02 SYS SM/AWR .15 SYS SM/OPTSTAT 11.44 SYS SM/OTHER .02 SYS

00 PERFSTAT .get_stats_history_retention from dual.00 .00 OLAPSYS . Show available stats that have not been purged select dbms_stats.OlapiMoveProc .PURGE_STATS(SYSDATE-10).alter_stats_history_retention(10).get_stats_history_availability from dual.00 XDB .00 SYS .DBMS_XDB.MOVEXDB_TABLESPACE XSAMD DBMS_AMD.999 col SEGMENT_NAME form a40 col SEGMENT_TYPE form a6 set lines 120 select sum(bytes/1024/1024) Mb.segment_type from dba_segments where tablespace_name = 'SYSAUX' and segment_name like 'WRI$_OPTSTAT%' and segment_type='TABLE' group by segment_name.Move_OLAP_Catalog XSOQHIST DBMS_XSOQ.00 .STATSPACK STREAMS TEXT DRI_MOVE_CTXSYS TSM ULTRASEARCH ULTRASEARCH_DEMO_USER WM DBMS_WM.00 TSMSYS WKSYS WK_TEST WMSYS MOVE_WK MOVE_WK .move_proc XDB XDB.00 CTXSYS .00 SYS How long old stats are kept select dbms_stats.-----0 WRI$_OPTSTAT_OPR TABLE 0 WRI$_OPTSTAT_AUX_HISTORY TABLE 88 WRI$_OPTSTAT_TAB_HISTORY TABLE 126 WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_HISTORY TABLE 158 WRI$_OPTSTAT_HISTGRM_HISTORY TABLE 4.sydate25 etc) exec DBMS_STATS.482 WRI$_OPTSTAT_HISTHEAD_HISTORY TABLE . Show how big the tables are and rebuild after stats have been purged col Mb form 9. Set retention of old stats to 10 days exec dbms_stats. segment_name.segment_type order by 1 asc MB SEGMENT_NAME SEGMEN ---------.00 . Purge stats older than 10 days (best to do this in stages if there is a lot of data (sysdate-30.---------------------------------------.999.

055 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_HH_ST INDEX 3.999 col SEGMENT_NAME form a40 col SEGMENT_TYPE form a6 set lines 120 select sum(bytes/1024/1024) Mb. * ERROR at line 1: ORA-10631: SHRINK clause should not be specified for this object select 'alter table '||segment_name||' move tablespace SYSAUX. WRI$_OPTSTAT_AUX_HISTORY move tablespace sysaux.segment_type from dba_segments where tablespace_name = 'SYSAUX' and segment_name like '%OPT%' and segment_type='INDEX' group by segment_name.' from dba_segments where tablespace_name = 'SYSAUX' and segment_name like '%OPT%' and segment_type='TABLE' Run the rebuild table commands – note that this does cause any gather_stats jobs to fail alter alter alter alter alter alter alter table table table table table table table WRI$_OPTSTAT_TAB_HISTORY move tablespace sysaux.999. WRI$_OPTSTAT_OPR move tablespace sysaux.Show how big the indexes are ready for a rebuild after stats have been purged col Mb form 9. Script to generate rebuild statements . segment_name. WRH$_OPTIMIZER_ENV move tablespace sysaux. alter table WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_HISTORY shrink space.883 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_HH_OBJ_ICOL_ST INDEX Note that you cannot enable row movement and shrink the tables as the indexes are function based alter table WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_HISTORY enable row movement. WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_HISTORY move tablespace sysaux. WRI$_OPTSTAT_HISTGRM_HISTORY move tablespace sysaux. WRI$_OPTSTAT_HISTHEAD_HISTORY move tablespace sysaux.---------------------------------------.segment_type order by 1 asc / MB SEGMENT_NAME SEGMEN ---------.-----0 WRH$_OPTIMIZER_ENV_PK INDEX 0 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_OPR_STIME INDEX 0 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_AUX_ST INDEX 88 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_TAB_ST INDEX 105 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_ST INDEX 105 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_H_ST INDEX 195 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_TAB_OBJ#_ST INDEX 213 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_H_OBJ#_ICOL#_ST INDEX 214 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_OBJ#_ST INDEX 2.

segment_type order by 1 asc MB SEGMENT_NAME SEGMEN ---------.get_stats_history_retention from dual. select sum(bytes/1024/1024) Mb.di.select 'alter index '||segment_name||' rebuild online parallel (degree 14).di.status from dba_indexes di .index_type.alter_stats_history_retention(1).index_name. select dbms_stats.table_name and di.table_name like '%OPT%' order by 1 asc / SQL> INDEX_NAME INDEX_TYPE STATUS -----------------------------.table_name = di.-------I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_AUX_ST FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_HH_OBJ_ICOL_ST FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_HH_ST FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_H_OBJ#_ICOL#_ST FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_H_ST FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_OBJ#_ST FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_ST FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_OPR_STIME FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_TAB_OBJ#_ST FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_TAB_ST FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID WRH$_OPTIMIZER_ENV_PK NORMAL VALID Finally lets see what space has been saved with a retention date of 1 day and a gather schema stats for the SYSASDM schema exec dbms_stats. segment_name.---------------------------------------.segment_type from dba_segments where tablespace_name = 'SYSAUX' and segment_name like 'WRI$_OPTSTAT%' and segment_type='TABLE' group by segment_name.tablespace_name = 'SYSAUX' and dt.--------------------------.' from dba_segments where tablespace_name = 'SYSAUX' and segment_name like '%OPT%' and segment_type='INDEX' Once completed it is best to check that the indexes (indices) are usable select di.-----0 WRI$_OPTSTAT_OPR TABLE 0 WRI$_OPTSTAT_AUX_HISTORY TABLE 3 WRI$_OPTSTAT_TAB_HISTORY TABLE 4 WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_HISTORY TABLE 8 WRI$_OPTSTAT_HISTGRM_HISTORY TABLE 104 WRI$_OPTSTAT_HISTHEAD_HISTORY TABLE MB ---------0 0 0 2 2 3 4 5 SEGMENT_NAME ---------------------------------------WRH$_OPTIMIZER_ENV_PK I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_OPR_STIME I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_AUX_ST I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_ST I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_TAB_ST I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_TAB_OBJ#_ST I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_IND_OBJ#_ST I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_H_ST SEGMEN -----INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX . dba_tables dt where di.

9 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_H_OBJ#_ICOL#_ST 41 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_HH_ST 96 I_WRI$_OPTSTAT_HH_OBJ_ICOL_ST INDEX INDEX INDEX .

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.