What is it? Where does it come from? Why is it used? How can we prevent it? What do we fear about Terrorism?

Definition of Terrorism


Terrorism actually comes from the Latin Word ³Fear´ ³The Unlawful Use of Force Against Persons or Property to Intimidate or Coerce a Government, the Civilian Population, or Segment Thereof, in the Furtherance of Political or Social Objectives.´(Source FBI)




Is an unlawful act of violence Intimidates governments or societies Goal is to achieve political, religious or ideological objectives  

Arthur H. Garrison

terrorism seeks to hurt a few people and to scare a lot of people in order to make a pointµ NYTimes.´«warfare seeks to conquer territories and capture cities. and not necessarily on the screenµ . 1/6/2000 ´Putting the horror in the minds of the audience.





Terrorism Priorities Today Biological Conventional Weapons Dirty Bombs 10 .

Property of Terrorism    Terrorism is different from regular crime because of its strong political properties The definition of terrorism can vary from people to people due to the differences in standpoint One person¶s terrorist can be another¶s fighter .

The Terrorist and their Thinking 12 .

1837 . Emerson.Fear always springs from ignorance.

Asymmetric warfare is the use of apparently random/unpredictable violence by an weak military against a stronger military to gain advantage. (Allen. 1998). unconventional tactics in combat (Craig. Arthur H. The key of Asymmetric warfare is using unexpected. 1997).Modern History of Terrorism  Terrorism is Asymmetric Warfare. Garrison .

Terrorism is used in times of peace. Terrorism is a political act. Terrorism is designed to make a point. Garrison . fear. Terrorism is a special type of violence and Asymmetrical warfare. conflicts and war.Terrorism conclusions       Terrorism is an ancient tactic. Terrorism is a mode of communication. Arthur H. through psychological means.

Two Types of Groups u Domestic/ National International u 16 .

Terrorist Motives u u u u Ethnic Cleansing Damage Infrastructure Disrupt Normal Life Direct Kill of an Enemy 17 .

Must last long enough to overwhelm (NYC) Local resources Media audience .Terrorist Motives u Undermine Confidence In Government .Should effect as many people as possible .Requires Media Coverage .Usually directed towards injury fatality (International Terrorist) 18 .

Target Selection Based on: u u u Motive Type of Device Available Type of Deployment Method Available 19 .

Thinking Outside the Box They ARE!! 20 .

Types of Terrorist Incidents Four Primary Types for Emergency Services 21 .

Terrorist Incidents u u u u Explosives and Arson Nuclear Materials Biological Agents Chemical Agents 22 .

Large Devices.. Monuments.Explosives and Arson u u u u u 70% of Attacks Worldwide Maximizes Property Damage Target Individuals (Letter or Package Bombs) Destroy Building. Truck or Car Bombs 23 . etc. Aircraft.

Suspicious Thing to Look for 24 .

Operational Procedures for Terrorist Incidents FACTORS FOR PREPARING Common Weapons Stand-off Weapons Super Terrorism 25 .

26 .Operational Changes u u Emergency Services strategic thinker must be willing to ³think the unthinkable´ so that appropriate responses may be conceived. Do not overstate the threat.

harvesting ‡ Processing and management. ‡Nation States Operations ‡ One-man ‡ Team ‡ Multilateral/ collaborative Intelligence ‡ Supplied ‡ Gathered ‡ Internet/other open source ‡ Information and politics 27 .Training ‡ Recruitment ‡ Instructors ‡ Sites ‡ Equipment Terrorist Units and Cells: A Functional Approach Logistics ‡ Equipment & supplies ‡ Other essentials ‡ Sources Funding ‡ Sources: crime.

Training ‡ Recruitment ‡ Instructors ‡ Sites ‡ Equipment Government Response to Terrorism: A Functional Approach Logistics ‡ Equipment & supplies ‡ Other essentials ‡ Sources Funding ‡ Sources: ‡Federal. State and ‡Local Taxes Operations ‡ One-man ‡ Team ‡ Multilateral/ collaborative Intelligence ‡ Supplied ‡ Gathered ‡ Internet/other open source ‡ Information and politics 28 .

Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorist Targets and their Weapons 29 .

Biological terrorism    Dispersal of microbes or their toxins to produce illness. 30 . Coule. M. air and packages. food. death and terror The paths of infection can be contaminated water.D. Microbes Bacteria Viruses Toxins Phillip L.

Anatomy of a Bioterrorist Attack Preparation 5 years Terrorism takes much Time and planning Execution 1 day Diagnosed case 3 days First Death Multiple deaths .

Nuclear Terrorism     Spreading of radioactive materials through ventilation system or explosion Disable nuclear reactor cooling system and cause leakage of radioactive materials Detonate a nuclear weapon No use of nuclear material for non-military terrorism has ever occurred .

33 .Common Weapons Fertilizer Bombs Dynamite Semtex Automatic and Semi-automatic and Pistols remain the weapons of choice.

Stand-Off Weapons American Stinger Russian SA-7 Hand-Held Anti-Aircraft missiles US Army Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW) Russian RPG-7 Anti-Tank Weapon And Increasing Bombing Technologies. 34 .

Where is Terrorism Going? The CYBER World 35 .

HE IS!!!!!!!!! 36 .

Prevention of Terrorism  Primary prevention: Education!!! Understand the differences in cultures. beliefs and human behaviors Think of the peace. religions. freedom and equality of all human beings. not just ³my group of people´ Eliminate the root of terrorism .

Prevention of Terrorism  Secondary prevention: Establish surveillance and monitoring system on terrorism attack Improve protective system for citizens .

Prevention of Terrorism  Tertiary prevention Early detection of the sources Prevent the extension of impairments Rescue the survivors Console the rest of the population .

Conclusion     Terrorism is unlawful act Terrorism has a long history of being used to achieve political. . religious and ideological objectives Terrorism can be conducted through firearms. explosive devices and biological.the risk of dying from terrorism has remained much lower than that from motor vehicles. smoking. nuclear materials Even through the events of 2001. and alcoholic beverage. chemical.

1933 Fears are educated into us & can.The only thing we have to fear is fear itself. be educated out. if we wish. FDR. .

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