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Ethyl Corporation develops, manufactures, blends and delivers leading-edge additive technology for fuels and lubricants

around the world. Our products and services provide the chemistry that makes fuels burn cleaner, engines run smoother, and machines last longer.

Specification Handbook
• • • • • • •
Viscosity Crankcase Driveline Industrial Tractor Engine Tests Rig Tests

Ethyl Euro-tech Centre
London Road Bracknell Berkshire RG12 2UW United Kingdom

Ethyl Corporation
P.O.Box 2189 330 South 4th Street Richmond VA 23218-2189 U.S.A.

www.ethyl.com

Introduction

Since 1921, Ethyl Corporation has provided additive chemistry solutions to enhance the performance of petroleum products. Ethyl additives help lubricants protect engines and other moving parts from wear, deposits, corrosion, water and high operating temperatures. Ethyl lubricant additives are used in oils, fluids and greases around the world to meet the most stringent oil industry, government and original equipment manufacturer (OEM) specifications.

This handbook, compiled by Ethyl, aims to provide a single source for summaries of the most widely used specifications for crankcase, drivetrain, industrial and tractor oils, together with the associated bench, rig and engine test procedures.

Ethyl hope you find this handbook a useful reference tool and source of information. If you require further information about our products and services please contact your local Ethyl representative.

The information in this handbook is to our best knowledge true and accurate, but all recommendations or suggestions are made without guarantee, since the conditions of use are beyond our control. Ethyl disclaims any liability incurred in connection with the use of this data or suggestions. Furthermore, nothing contained therein shall be construed as a recommendation to use any product in conflict with existing patents covering any materials or its use.

Offices

Regional Offices
Bracknell Ethyl Petroleum Additives, Ltd. London Road, Bracknell Berkshire RG12 2UW, England Phone: 44-1344-304141 Fax: 44-1344-420666 Richmond 330 South Fourth Street PO Box 2189 Richmond, VA 23218-2189, USA Phone: 804-788-5000 Fax: 804-788-5688

Singapore Ethyl Asia Pacific Company 111 Somerset Road #13-03 Singapore 238164 Phone: 65-732-0822 Fax: 65-737-4123

Tokyo Ethyl Japan Corporation 19F Shiroyama Hills, 4-chrome-3-1 Toranomon, Minato-ku Tokyo 105-6019, Japan Phone: 81-3-5401-3234 Fax: 81-3-5401-3368

European Sales Offices
Bracknell Ethyl Petroleum Additives, Ltd. London Road, Bracknell Berkshire RG12 2UW, England Phone: 44-1344-304141 Fax: 44-1344-420666 Brussels Ethyl Europe, S.A Woluwe Garden, Woluwedal 26 1932 St. Stevens Woluwe, Belgium Phone: 32-2-715-2211 Fax: 32-2-715-2210

Hamburg Ethyl Mineraloel-Additive GmbH Oberstrasse 14B D-20144 Hamburg, Germany Phone: 49-40-4292900 Fax: 49-40-42929032

Paris Succursale d’Ethyl Europe SA 33 Quai de Dion Bouton 92814 Puteaux Cedex, France Phone: 33-1-46939180 Fax: 33-1-47788717

Viscosity

Contents Viscosity SAE J300 Viscosity Grades for Engine Oils ISO Viscosity Grade Conversions Viscosity Ranges for AGMA Lubricant Numbers Axle and Manual Transmission Lubricant Viscosity Classification • SAE Classification • MIL-L-2105E Specification Comparison of Viscosity Classifications Viscosity Equivalents at Same Temperature Two Components Viscosity Blending Chart (cSt) Base Stocks Viscosities Conversion Factors .

445.SAE J300 Viscosity Grades for Engine Oils . 40 grades) 3.7 (15W-40. 1 cP=1 mPa.s. and 10W-40 grades) 3.7 All values are critical specifications as defined by ASTM D 3244.9 Kinematic Viscosity(3) (cSt) at 100°C Max. 3.3 < 12. or ASTM D 5481. 25W-40.6 5. cP Max.Viscosity .3 < 21.1 5.December 1999 SAE Viscosity Grade 0W 5W 10W 15W 20W 25W 20 30 40 40 50 60 Low Temperature (°C) Cranking Viscosity(1).6 2.9 < 26.6 9. Note that the presence of any yield stress detectable by this method constitutes a failure regardless of viscosity. 4683.9 (0W-40. 6200 at 6600 at 7000 at 7000 at 9500 at 13000 at -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 Low Temperature (°C) Pumping Viscosity(2).9 2.1 High-Shear Viscosity(4) (cP) at 150°C and 106 s-1 Min. 20W-40. CEC L-36-A-90 (ASTM D 4741). 04/02 . cP Max.5 12.7 3.3 21. 1 cSt=1 mm2s-1 Notes: (1) ASTM (2) ASTM (3) ASTM (4) ASTM D D D D 5293. with No Yield Stress 60 60 60 60 60 60 000 at 000 at 000 at 000 at 000 at 000 at -40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 Kinematic Viscosity(3) (cSt) at 100°C Min.5 < 16.8 3.8 4. 2. 5W-40.3 < 16. 4684. < 9.6 9.3 5.5 16.3 12.

5 72 96 135 191 280 410 615 900 1310 1880 2800 4100 6100 Max.8 110 165 242 352 506 748 1100 1650 32 36 40 50 60 75 105 150 215 315 465 700 1000 1500 2150 3150 4650 7000 ASTM.5 24.88 4. 35. 2. 34.4 61.7 55.2 50.14 6.2 4.7 50.42 3.0 16.06 7.2 90.8 28.8 41.00 13.5 19.3 62.6 6.5 38.9 45.52 5.12 9.8°C) Min.Viscosity .48 11.0 135 198 288 414 612 900 1350 Max.0 36.2 3. Saybolt Viscosity Number Saybolt Viscosity SUS 100°F (37.8 10 15 22 32 46 68 100 150 220 320 460 680 1000 1500 Kinematic Viscosity Limits cSt at 40°C (104°F) Min.8 83 115 164 234 345 500 750 1110 1600 2300 3400 5000 7500 04/02 . 1.2 42.ISO Viscosity Grade Conversions ISO Viscosity Grade 2 3 5 7 10 15 22 32 46 68 100 150 220 320 460 680 1000 1500 Mid-point Kinematic Viscosity 2.98 2.6 74.2 35.5 39.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Compounded 8 Compounded 8A Compounded Viscosity Range cSt (mm2/s) at 40°C 41.Viscosity Ranges for AGMA Lubricant Numbers Rust and Oxidation Inhibited Gear Oils AGMA Lubricant No.6 61.8 90 to 110 135 to 165 198 to 242 288 to 352 414 to 506 612 to 748 900 to 1100 Equivalent ISO Grade 46 68 100 150 220 320 460 680 1000 Extreme Pressure Gear Lubricants AGMA Lubricant No. 2 EP 3 EP 4 EP 5 EP 6 EP 7 EP 8 EP 8A EP Notes: Viscosity ranges for AGMA Lubricant Numbers will henceforth be identical with those of the ASTM system.4 to 50.2 to 74.Viscosity . 04/02 . Oils compounded with 3% to 10% fatty or synthetic fatty oils.

max temp °C Channel Point. max temp °C 20 hr.0 41. KV100 after Shear. min.000 mPa. mm2/s max. °C Flash Point.0 No requirement -40 4. 4.0 80 7.0 140 24.0 -55 4.0 13. mm2/s 4.0 No req.0 -26 -35 165 85W-140 24. KRL Shear (CRC L-45-T-93).SAE J306 Automotive Gear Viscosity Classification 70W Viscosity at 100°C min.s.Viscosity .5 90 13.5 24.0 85 11.000 mPa. °C 4.0 11.1 75W 80W Axle and Manual Transmission Lubricant Viscosity Classification 85W 11.1 -26 7.5 24. mm2/s max.0 41.5 24.0 No requirement 7. mm2/s Viscosity of 150.1 -40 -45 150 80W-90 13.0 13. min. mm2/s Viscosity of 150.1 7.0 11.0 41.0 -12 -20 180 04/02 .0 MIL-PRF-2105E Specification 75W Viscosity at 100°C min.1 -12 11.0 250 41.s.

Viscosity . 85W. SAE 75W.Comparison of Viscosity Classifications Kinematic Viscosities cSt/ 40°C cSt/ 100°C 2000 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 100 80 60 50 40 30 20 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 70 60 50 40 30 20 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 150 100 80 70 60 50 40 3 35 32 2 40 Saybolt Viscosities SUS/ 100°F SUS/ 210°F 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1500 100 90 80 70 60 55 50 45 ISO VG cSt @ 40°C SAE Grades Crankcase Oils cSt @ 100°C Approximate Equivalents SAE Grades Gear Oils cSt @ 100°C AGMA Grades SUS @ 100°F 300 200 1500 1000 680 460 320 220 150 100 68 46 32 22 5W 15 10 7 5 Viscosities can be related horizontally only. and 5W & 10W specified at low temperature. ISO grades are specified at 40°C. 20 1 10W 75W 50 40 30 85W 80W 90 140 7 6 5 4 3 2 250 8A 8 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 04/02 . AGMA grades are specified at 100°F. Viscosities based on 95 VI single grade oils. Equivalent viscosities for 100° & 210°F are shown. 80W.

32 4.500 10.4 34.8 55.000 Redwood No.625 1.15 5.500 6.0 49 51 56 61 66 71 76 81 86 91 96 100 121 141 160 180 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1.2 20.967 4.165 Saybolt Universal (Seconds) 450 475 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1.31 2.4 194.500 3.7 86.300 1.234 1.95 3.204 2.0 75.0 27.8 25.2 51.2 Redwood No.68 2.600 1.8 32.0 38.1 19.849 5.500 4.7 24.5 57.21 3.4 8.0 14.8 18.000 8.85 7.000 7.44 5.51 9.6 132.6 16.000 4.612 7.405 1.8 2.8 167.0 28.8 13.15 2.6 17.000 2.494 7.526 3.46 1.9 49.0 36.9 10.9 60.6 27.082 1.6 42.60 1.2 107.38 7.5 14.950 2.375 8.5 69.411 1.9 75.49 3.0 37.2 25.0 158.1 53.816 Approximate Equivalents Engler (Degrees) 12.7 30.408 4.730 1.3 22.2 5.053 7.3 80.3 11.8 47.24 9.190 1.5 42.0 18.0 28.000 6.515 1.28 6.0 25.000 Redwood No.6 71.1 39.1 91.4 22.4 141.4 129.81 2.4 29.500 9.95 10.2 15.42 2.14 1.1 105.500 7.10 Saybolt Furol (Seconds) 23.9 114.8 34.200 1.75 1.1 (Seconds) 30.2 64.000 1.70 11.5 Saybolt Universal (Seconds) 32 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 220 240 260 280 300 325 350 375 400 425 Redwood No.5 176.3 15.2 140.04 4.88 5.40 12.8 102.800 2.2 40.1 150.763 2.Viscosity .18 1.5 35.8 21.8 123.8 7.5 51 57 71 85 99 114 128 142 156 170 185 199 213 227 242 256 270 284 Saybolt Furol (Seconds) 47.3 27.000 3.59 4.730 6.087 3.6 84.1 79.7 13.4 40.500 5.646 3.4 97.88 2.Viscosity Equivalents at Same Temperature Kinematic (Centistokes) 1.1 (Seconds) 397 419 441 485 529 573 617 661 705 749 793 837 882 1.7 4.0 212 229 247 265 287 309 331 353 375 Engler (Degrees) 1.500 8.2 36.000 5.77 4.6 44.290 5.058 1.840 1.8 45.055 2.2 (Seconds) Kinematic (Centistokes) 96.5 32.55 2.3 151 162 173 183 194 205 215 259 302 345 388 432 541 650 758 866 974 1.2 (Seconds) 104 122 138 153 170 215 255 300 345 390 435 475 515 580 600 645 690 730 770 815 855 04/02 .2 88.0 44.02 2.2 39.400 1.3 67.171 6.587 1.6 31.934 8.32 1.000 9.6 118.72 6.95 8.9 62.5 19.

0 2.0 6.0 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2.0 8.0 10 9.0 Component B 04/02 .0 3.Viscosity .0 5.0 7.0 7.0 5.0 8.0 3.Two Components Viscosity Blending (cSt) Component A 0% 4000 3000 2000 1500 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 150 100 90 80 70 60 Viscosity Centistrokes 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 4000 3000 2000 1500 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 150 100 90 80 70 60 Viscosity Centistrokes 50 40 30 50 40 30 20 15 20 15 10 9.0 6.0 4.0 4.

Base Stocks Viscosities Neutrals 40°C 70N 80N 90N 100N 140N 150N 160N 170N 180N 200N 250N 300N 315N 330N 350N 400N 450N 500N 600N 650N 700N cSt 13.8 10.0 328.Viscosity .0 47.0 285.0 21.5 44.7 1030.0 12.4 5.7 55.2 36.0 41.0 35.4 141.0 100°C SUS 135.0 4.1 61.3 568.35 3.0 398.9 5.0 169.0 SUS 70.0 37.6 18.0 cSt 28.9 33.4 4.0 66.0 2855.0 665.0 Approximate Equivalents 100°C SUS 37.0 4800.8 9.3 15.0 600.6 30.0 204.0 2425.0 107.5 11.4 8.5 56.0 49.6 454.0 7.0 71.0 64.5 30.3 44.2 5.0 654.5 7.0 53.0 98.0 166.0 496.0 616.5 4.5 39.0 58.0 144.0 668.7 177.0 61.4 43.0 73.0 86.0 229.0 159.9 76.0 SUS 1875.0 44.7 34.7 6.0 104.7 31.9 8.8 14.2 523.0 3034.0 3.0 2632.0 130.8 80.0 181.2 6.0 148.0 155.0 52.9 46.3 89.1 13.0 42.0 145.0 38.0 04/02 .0 158.0 358.0 70.0 604.0 315.0 37.6 33.3 70.0 2800.0 151.0 257.0 Brights 40°C 135 145 150 160 175 185 225 Brt Brt Brt Brt Brt Brt Brt cSt 413.6 49.3 cSt 3.3 37.

8361 sq m 1.236 g/litre 0.76 pints 28. deg = (°F .3937 in 1.59 g 2.Conversion Factors Linear Measurement 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 yd m ft m in cm mile km sq sq sq sq cu cc cu cu cu cu yd m in cm in ft m yd m = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 0.21998 imp gall 1. @ 60/60°F) .131.88 g/ml) 04/02 Viscosity .3048 m 3.5 % volume of additive = % weight of additive x density of finished oil density of additive (typical finished oil density = 0.gr.03527 oz 453.1960 sq yd 6.8003 g/litre Area Measurement Cubic Measurement Volumetric Measurement imp gall litre imp gall litre oz g lb kg g/litre oz/imp gall g/litre lb/imp gall Weight Measurement Weights per Volume Temperature Conversions Gravity Conversion Weight/Volume Conversion (for additive blending) °C °F API gravity.20462 lbs 0.3872 cc 0.314 cu ft 0.5/sp.6214 mile 0.28 ft 2.155 sq in 16.452 sq cm 0.6093 km 0.0610 cu in 0.16035 oz/imp gall 6.201 US gall 1.54 cm 0.0936 yd 0.02832 cu m 35.32) x 5/9 = (°C x 9/5) + 32 = (141.01002 lb/imp gall 99.9144 m 1.54596 litre 0.3495 g 0.7646 cu m 1.3079 cu yd 4.

Crankcase .

00.5 for Passenger Car Engine Oils MAN 270.00. 502.01.00 Specifications Volkswagen 503.Contents Crankcase API Service Classification API Commercial Classification API Gasoline Engine Performance Criteria API Diesel Engine Performance Criteria ACEA 2002 Service Fill Oils for: Gasoline Engines Light Duty Diesel Engines Heavy Duty Diesel Engines ILSAC Specifications: GF-1 GF-2 GF-3 US Military Specifications: Engine Test Requirements Japanese Automotive Diesel Engine Oil Standard: JASO DH-1 Global Performance Specification for Diesel Engine Oil: Global DHD-1 Two-Stroke Classifications: API TC ISO/JASO TISI 1040 NMMA TC-W3 OEM Specifications: Mercedes-Benz Engine Test Requirements for Diesel Engine Oils Mercedes-Benz Sheet 229.1 for Passenger Car Engine Oils Mercedes-Benz Sheet 229. 505.00. MAN 271 Specifications MAN M 3275 Specification MAN M 3277 Specification Volkswagen 500.3 for Passenger Car Engine Oils Mercedes-Benz Sheet 229. 501. 506.00 Specifications .

Contents Crankcase Volvo Drain Specifications: VDS VDS-2 VDS-3 MTU MTL 5044 Mack EO-K/2 Mack EO-L / EO-L Plus Mack EOM / EOM Plus Cummins 20071 / 20072 Cummins 20076 / 20077 European OEM Seal Test Requirements for Automotive Engine Oils .

rust and corrosion in gasoline engines than oils which are satisfactory for API Engine Service Categories SD or SC and may be used when either of these classifications is recommended. Garages. SB For Minimum Duty Gasoline Engine Service Service typical of older gasoline engines operated under such mild conditions that only minimum protection afforded by compounding is desired. SA Formerly for Utility Gasoline and Diesel Engine Service Service typical of older engines operated under such mild conditions that the protection afforded by compounded oils is not required. rust and corrosion in gasoline engines. SE For 1972 Gasoline Engine Warranty Service Service typical of gasoline engines in passenger cars and some trucks beginning with 1972 and certain 1971 models operating under engine manufacturers’ warranties. Oils designed for this service provide more protection against oil oxidation. wear. The performance requirements for these categories are technically described in SAE J183-June 1991. Engine Oil Performance and Engine Service Classification (except for SH). New Car Dealers etc. SD For Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance Service Service typical of gasoline engines in 1968 through 1970 models of passenger cars and some trucks operating under engine manufacturers’ warranties in effect during those model years. rust and corrosion in gasoline engines than oils which are satisfactory for API Engine Service Category SC and may be used when API Engine Service Category SC is recommended. Oils designed for this service provide control of high and low temperature deposits. wear. SC For 1964 Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance Service Service typical of gasoline engines in 1964 through 1967 models of passenger cars and some trucks operating under engine manufacturers’ warranties in effect during those model years. This category should not be used in any engine unless specifically recommended by the equipment manufacturer.API Service Classification “S” Service “S” Service . They should not be used in any engine unless specifically recommended by the equipment manufacturer. Oils designed for this service provide more protection against high and low temperature engine deposits. high temperature engine deposits. Oils designed for this service have been used since the 1930’s and provide only antiscuff capability and resistance to oil oxidation and bearing corrosion.) The following descriptions of the categories in the API Engine Service Classification System are intended as guides to aid in the selection of proper engine oils for significantly different engine service conditions.(Service Stations. 04/02 Crankcase . Also may apply to certain 1971 and/or later models as specified (or recommended) in the owners’ manuals.

vans and light trucks beginning with the 1989 model year operating under manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. Oils developed for this service provide increased oxidation stability and improved anti-wear performance relative to oils which meet the minimum requirements for API Service Category SE. particularly with regard to varnish. The VE gasoline engine test has been correlated with vehicles used in stop-and-go service prior to 1988. SE or SE/CC are recommended. particularly with regard to sludge and valve train wear. particularly with regard to oil thickening and valve train wear. Oils developed for this service provide improved control of engine deposits. The oils also provide protection against engine deposits. The 1-H2 diesel engine test requirement provides a measurement of high-temperature deposits. SG For 1989 Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance Service Service typical of gasoline engine in passenger cars. Category SG quality oils include the performance properties of API service category CC. The L-38 gasoline engine test requirement provides a measurement of copper-lead bearing weight loss and piston varnish under high temperature operating conditions. Oils meeting the performance requirements measured in the following gasoline engine tests: The IID gasoline engine test has been correlated with vehicles used in short-trip service prior to 1978. The IIID gasoline engine test has been correlated with vehicles used in high temperature service prior to 1978. 04/02 Crankcase . Oils meeting API Service Category SG may be used where API Service Categories SF. particularly with regard to rusting. SD or SC are recommended. sludge and valve train wear. (Certain manufacturers of gasoline engines require oils also meeting API Category CD). particularly with regard to rusting. Oils meeting API Service Classification SF may be used where API Service Categories SE. The L-38 gasoline engine test requirement provides a measurement of copper-lead bearing weight loss under high-temperature operating conditions. The IIIE gasoline engine test has been correlated with vehicles used in high-temperature service prior to 1988.API Service Classification “S” Service SF For 1980 Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance Service Service typical of gasoline engines in passenger cars and some trucks beginning with the 1980 model year operating under manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. oil oxidation and engine wear relative to oils developed for previous categories. rust and corrosion. These oils also provide protection against rust and corrosion. particularly with regard to oil thickening and valve train wear. The V-D gasoline engine test has been correlated with vehicles used in stop-and-go service prior to 1978. SF/CC. Oils meeting the performance requirements measured in the following gasoline and diesel engine tests: • • • • • The IID gasoline engine test has been correlated with vehicles used in short-trip service prior to 1978.

engine oils that meet these requirements may display API Service Category SL in the upper portion of the API Service Symbol. Engine oils that meet API Service Category SL designation may be used where API Service Category SJ and earlier Categories have been recommended. may use the API Base Oil Interchangeability Guidelines and the API Guidelines for SAE ViscosityGrade Engine Testing. vans. Engine oils that meet the API Service Category SJ designation have been tested in accordance with the CMA Code. SL For 2001 Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance Service API Service Category SL was adopted for use in describing engine oils available in 2001. sport utility vehicle. van. In addition. Engine oils that meet these requirements may display API Service Category SJ in the upper portion of the API Service Symbol. 2001. 04/02 Crankcase .API Service Classification “S” Service SH For 1992 Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance Service Category SH covers the performance requirements of SG oils tested to the latest CMA protocol on engine testing. These oils are for use in service typical of gasoline engines in current and earlier passenger-car. filterability and foaming tests. Starting July 1. sport utility vehicles. and light-duty trucks operating under vehicle manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. These oils are for use in service typical of gasoline engines in current and earlier passenger cars. SH oils must meet various bench test requirements including volatility. Engine oils that meet API Service Category SJ designation may be used where API Service Category SH and earlier Categories have been recommended. and light truck operations under vehicle manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. Engine oils that meet the API Service Category SL designation have been tested in accordance with the ACC Code and may use the API Base Oil Interchangeability Guidelines and the API Guidelines for SAE Viscosity-Grade Engine Testing. SJ For 1997 Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance Service API Service Category SJ was adopted for use in describing engine oils available in 1996.

Oils designed for this service provide necessary protection from bearing corrosion and from ring belt deposits in some naturally aspirated diesel engines with higher sulphur fuels. CD For Severe Duty Diesel Engine Service Service typical of certain naturally aspirated. Oils designed for this service were introduced in 1949. Oil meeting the performance requirements measure in the following diesel and gasoline engine tests: The 1-G2 diesel engine test has been correlated with indirect injection engines used in heavy-duty operation.API Commercial Classification “C” Commercial “C” Commercial . Contractors. Occasionally has included gasoline engines in mild service. 04/02 Crankcase . The L-38 gasoline engine test requirement provides a measurement of copper-lead bearing weight loss and piston varnish under high-temperature operating conditions. or when using fuels of a wide quality range including high sulphur fuels. but with lower-quality fuels which necessitate more protection for wear and deposits. turbocharged or supercharged diesel engines where highly effective control of wear and deposits is vital. Farmers. These oils were introduced in 1961. particularly with regard to piston and ring groove deposits. They were widely used in the late 1940’s and 1950’s but should not be used in any engine unless specifically recommended by the equipment manufacturer. Oils designed for this service provide protection from high temperature deposits and bearing corrosion and low temperature deposits in gasoline engines. Oils designed for this service were introduced in 1955 and provide protection from bearing corrosion and from high temperature deposits in these diesel engines. etc. CC For Moderate Duty Diesel and Gasoline Engine Service Service typical of many naturally aspirated diesel engines operated in moderate to severe-duty service and certain heavy-duty gasoline engines.(Fleets. Oils designed for this service provide protection from bearing corrosion and from ring belt deposits in some naturally aspirated diesel engines when using fuels of such quality that they impose no unusual requirements for wear and deposit protection. CB For Moderate Duty Diesel Engine Service Service typical of diesel engines operated in mild to moderate duty.) CA For Light Duty Diesel Engine Service Service typical of diesel engine operated in mild to moderate duty with highquality fuels and occasionally has included gasoline engines in mild service.

API Commercial Classification “C” Commercial CD-II For Severe Duty 2-Stroke Diesel Engine Service Service typical of 2-stroke cycled engines requiring highly efficient control over wear and deposits. 04/02 Crankcase .high load conditions. oil consumption and wear. The T-6. The NTC-400 diesel engine test has been correlated with vehicles equipped with engines in highway operation prior to 1983. CE For High Performance Diesel Engine Service Service typical of many turbocharged or supercharged high performance diesel engines. Oils meeting the performance requirements of the following diesel and gasoline engine tests: The 1-G2 diesel engine test has been correlated with indirect injection engines used in heavy-duty service. particularly with regard to piston and ring groove deposits. The L-38 gasoline engine test requirement provides a measurement of copper-lead bearing weight loss and piston varnish under high-temperature operating conditions. particularly with regard to oil thickening. T-7 and NTC-400 are direct injection diesel engine tests. particularly with regard to ring and liner distress. The T-7 test has been correlated with vehicles equipped with engines used in lugging operation prior to 1984. Oils meeting the performance requirements measured in the following diesel and gasoline engine tests: The 1-G2 diesel engine test has been correlated with indirect injection engines used in heavy-duty operation. Oils designed for this service also meet the performance requirements of API service category CD. The T-6 has been correlated with vehicles equipped with engines used in high-speed operation prior to 1980. particularly with regard to piston and ring groove deposits. Oils designed for this service have been available since 1984 and provide improved control of oil consumption.high load and high speed . deposits and wear. The 6V-53T diesel engine test has been correlated with vehicles equipped with two-stroke cycle diesel engines in high-speed operation prior to 1985. oil thickening and piston assembly deposits and wear relative to the performance potential offered by oils designed for Category CD Service. operated under both low speed . The L-38 gasoline engine test requirement provides a measurement of copper-lead bearing weight loss under high-temperature operating conditions. particularly with regard to oil consumption. particularly with regard to deposits.

T-7. and its limits can be used as an alternate for the T-7 test and its limits.containing bearing corrosion is essential for these engines which may be naturally aspirated. NTC 400 and L-38 engines: See API CE Category above for explanation. Oils designated for this service have been in existence since 1994. Effective control of piston deposits. It has been demonstrated that the 1K test. the bench corrosion test. CF-4 For High Performance Diesel Engine Service This category was adopted in 1990 and describes oils for use in high speed.5% wt. and other diesel engines which use a broad range of fuel types including those using fuel with higher sulphur content. Oils meeting the performance requirements in the following diesel and gasoline engine tests: The T-6. in combination with test method D5968.API Commercial Classification “C” Commercial CF For Indirect Injected Diesel Engine Service API Service Category CF denotes service typical of indirect injected diesel engines. for example. Test method D6483. can be substituted for the NTC-400 test as an acceptable means to demonstrate performance against this category. The 1K diesel engine test. turbocharged or supercharged. over 0. 04/02 Crankcase . CF-2 For Two-Stroke Cycle Diesel Engine Service API Service category CF-2 denotes service typical of two-stroke cycle engines requiring highly effective control over cylinder and ring-face scuffing and deposits. four-stroke diesel engines. providing improved control of oil consumption and piston deposits. Oils designated for this service may also be used when API service category CD is recommended. the T-9 diesel engine test can be used as an alternate for the T-6 test and its limits. particularly with regard to piston and ring groove deposits. These oils do not necessarily meet the requirements of CF or CF-4 unless passing test requirements for these categories. Test method D5967. Oils designated for this service have been in existence since 1994 and may also be used when API Service Category CD-II is recommended. API CF-4 oils exceed the requirements of the CE category. the F8A version. which has been correlated with direct injection engines used in heavy-duty service prior to 1990. wear and copper .

In addition. foaming. and soot handling properties. wear. CH-4 oils are specifically compounded for use with diesel fuels ranging in sulphur content up to 0.5 percent weight. CG-4 oils provide effective control over high temperature piston deposits. four-stroke diesel engines designed to meet 1998 exhaust emissions standards as well as for previous model years. foaming. These oils are especially effective in engines designed to meet 1994 exhaust emission standards and may also be used in engines requiring API Service Categories CD.05% wt.5% wt. These oils also have the performance capability to afford a more flexible approach to oil drain intervals in accordance with the recommendations of the individual engine builders for their specific engines. These oils are especially effective to sustain engine durability even under adverse applications that may stress wear control. oxidation stability and soot accumulation. oxidative and insoluble thickening. Oils designated for this service have been in existence since 1994. CH-4 oils are superior in performance to those meeting API CF-4 and API CG-4 and can effectively lubricate engines calling for those API Service Categories. sulphur fuel) and off highway (less than 0. corrosion.API Commercial Classification “C” Commercial CG-4 For Severe Duty Diesel Engine Service API Service Category CG-4 describes oils for use in high speed four stroke-cycle diesel engines used on both heavy-duty on-highway (less than 0. and viscosity loss due to shear. high temperature stability. CH-4 For 1998 Severe Duty Diesel Engine Service API Service Category CH-4 describes oils for use in high-speed. sulphur fuel) applications. 04/02 Crankcase . CE and CF-4. optimum protection is provided against non-ferrous corrosion.

in. sulphur fuel) Sequences IIB and IIIB Sequence IV Sequence VB L-38 L-1(0. Rust Rating. Total Engine Varnish Rating. Avg. max. Bearing Weight Loss. Ring Sticking Oil Ring Clogging. Avg. Avg. Bearing Weight Loss. Avg. Oil Ring Clogging. %.5 0. Sludge Rating. Avg. %. max. Cam and Lifter Scuffing Avg. mg. Intake Valve Tip Wear. % vol. in.0015 5 5 40 L-1 25 9 L-38 500 Limits SC Sequence IV Sequence V SD L-38 L-1 (0. min. max. %. max.2 9. Cam Scuffing Lifter Scuff Rating.6 9. in. Engine Rust Rating. Cam and Lifter Wear. min. Sludge Rating. Oil Screen Plugging. S. in.0025 8.0 35 0. min. max.Crankcase . Cam plus Lifter Wear. Oil Screen Plugging. min.5 8. min. max. min. Total Engine Sludge Rating. fuel) or 1-H Falcon 1-H 30 Clean 140 04/02 . % vol.0030 8. Intake Valve Tip Wear. max. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating.95% min.API Gasoline Engine Performance Criteria Test SA SB None L-4 or L-38 Sequence IV Sequences IIA and IIIA Primary Performance Criteria None Bearing Weight Loss. min.8 9.6 None 1 42. Rust Rating. max. Second Groove and Below Weighted Total Demerits Avg. Top Groove Filling.95% min. Total Engine Sludge Rating. max. Total Engine Varnish Rating. max.0020 None 20 20 50 25 Clean None 0. min. max. max. Cam Scuffing Lifter Scuff Rating.0 37. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating. max. Varnish Rating. mg. Avg. Varnish Rating. min.7 None 2 40 7. min. Cam Scuffing Lifter Scuff Rating. max. Top Groove Filling. Avg. Avg.5 9. min. min. max. Avg. %. Second Groove and Below Cam and Lifter Scuffing Avg. Avg. min. mg. L-4 500 None 2 None 0. max.

min. Avg.4 6. and 40 test hrs.0100 VD 9.not pass/fail limit.1 4. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating. max. Ring Land Face Varnish Rating. Sludge Rating. Ring Sticking Lifter Sticking Cam & Lifter Scuffing Cam & Lifter Wear. Bearing Weight Loss. Avg. in. Engine Varnish Rating. in. max. Compression Ring Sticking Cam Wear.7 6. max.0020* 0. Oil Ring Clogging. min. min. Avg. Avg.3 10 10 None 0.5 None 375 9. min. min. average Cam & Lifter Wear. average Cam Wear. Avg. min.2 None None None 0.5 None 0.2 None None None 0. Oil Screen Plugging. min. min. Viscosity Increase @ 40°C.API Gasoline Engine Performance Criteria Test SE Sequence IIC or IID Avg. Ring Land Face Varnish Rating. Avg. %.9 8. Oil Screen Plugging. min. Primary Performance Criteria IIC 8. average Cam & Lifter Wear. in. max. min.0040* SF CRC L-38 Sequence IID Sequence IIID Sequence VD CRC L-38 Note: * Suggested performance . 04/02 . Compression Ring Sticking Cam Wear. %. mg. %. max. max. max. min. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating. in. %. max. mg. max.2 None None None 0. Engine Varnish Rating. %.0080 9. Sludge Rating. and 64 test hrs. Engine Rust Rating.3 6. Lifter Sticking Viscosity Increase at 40°C. in.Crankcase . and 40 test hrs. %. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating. Engine Rust Rating. Sequence VC or VD Avg.0010 0.4 None IIIC 400 9. Bearing Weight Loss.0040 0.5 None IIID 375 9. Avg.0 5 5 None 40 8.2 6. max. average Cam Wear. Oil Ring Clogging. Avg. Engine Sludge Rating.0 9. Avg.0025 40 IID 8. Engine Sludge Rating. %. min. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating.2 4. max. max.4 6. Ring Sticking Lifter Sticking Cam & Lifter Scuffing Cam & Lifter Wear.0 9. Avg. Lifter Sticking Sequence IIIC or IIID Viscosity Increase @ 100°F. in.0020 VC 8. in. max.6 10 7. in.7 7.0010 0.8 9. min. min.0040 0.

max.0 7. %. 205 min.0 15 20 None 122 381 40 45 140 Sequence VE CRC L-38 1H2 SH Sequence IID Sequence IIIE Sequence VE CRC L-38 SAE (J300) CEC L-40-A-93/ L-40-T-87 (Noack). Piston Skirt Varnish Rating. min. % vol. min. Flow Reduction. Avg. Engine Varnish Rating. 15W40 18 max. Avg. % Phosphorus. µm. Foaming (Tendency/Stability) Sequence I. 10/0 50/0 10/0 Report Pass 50 max.5 5. Oil Screen Plugging. max. min. max. Sequence IV Homogeneity/Miscibility GM EOFT Filterability.Crankcase . and 64 test hrs. max.0 6.12 max. 0. mg.5 None 375 8. µm. µm. Rocker Arm Cover Sludge Rating. Compression Ring Sticking Cam Wear. max. Avg. %. Lifter Sticking Viscosity Increase at 40°C. 0. min. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating.API Gasoline Engine Performance Criteria Test SG Sequence IID Sequence IIIE Primary Performance Criteria Avg.5 None None None 30 64 9. % m. Bearing Weight Loss. min. µm. min. max. Weighted Total Demerits 8. All Others - 10/0 50/0 10/0 Report Pass 50 max. Sequence II. %. min. max. Avg. Ring Sticking Lifter Sticking Cam & Lifter Scuffing Cam & Lifter Wear. average Cam & Lifter Wear. 200 min.2 3. Avg. Sludge Rating. 215 min. Oil Ring Clogging. max. Flash Point (ASTM D92). Top Groove Filling. max. Engine Rust Rating. max. 10/0 50/0 10/0 Report Pass - - 04/02 . Engine Sludge Rating. average Cam Wear.12 max.9 9. % API SG limits apply Tested according to CMA Code of Practice 5W30 25 max. Sequence III. 10W30 20 max. Ring Land Face Varnish Rating. min. °C.

max. % m. 205 min. 12 max. Homogeneity/Miscibility GM EOFT Filterability. max. 200 min. % High Temp. Flow Reduction.Crankcase . °C.API Gasoline Engine Performance Criteria Test SJ Sequence IID Sequence IIIE Sequence VE CRC L-38 SAE (J300) CEC L-40-A-93/ L-40-T-87 (Noack). 5W30. - 04/02 . Sequence II. (ASTM 1392). Flash Point (ASTM D92). 0. - 10/0 50/0 10/0 200/50 Pass 50 max. 10/0 50/0 10/0 200/50 Pass 50 max. max. Foaming (Tendency/Stability) Sequence I. Sequence III. % Phosphorus. Gelation Index Primary Performance Criteria API SG limits apply Tested according to CMA Code of Practice 0W20. 10W30 22 max. 60 max. 5W20.10 max. max. 60 max. Deposits (TEOST) mg. High Temp. (10W-30) All Others 20 max.

max. max. Avg. min. Sequence III. Deposits (TEOST) mg. High Temp. Piston Skirt Varnish.9 7. Avg. max. 10W30 0.Seq.4 15 10 All Others - Sequence VE (2) Sequence IVA Sequence VG Sequence VIII Volatility Loss ASTM D5800. SAE (J300) Phosphorus. Cam Wear µm. max. (10W-30) Limits 100 275 9.8 8. min. Sequence II.API Gasoline Engine Performance Criteria Test SL ASTM Ball Rust Test Sequence IIIF Primary Performance Criteria Avg. Viscosity Cam Wear Average µm. max. max. 5W30. Average Piston Skirt Varnish.Crankcase . Cam Wear Average µm. Loss. Flow Reduction. Average Engine Varnish Rating.10 max. max. Oil Consumption Low Temp. 04/02 .08% phosphorus in the form of ZDDP. 205 min. Oil Screen Clogging. (ASTM 1392). Hot Stuck Piston Rings Avg. Viscosity Increase (KV 40°C). Gelation Index. Hot Stuck Compression Ring Cold Stuck Rings Oil Screen Debris (%) Oil Ring Clogging Bearing Wt. Flash Point (ASTM D92). min. %. Volatility Loss at 37°C ASTM D6417. max. max. Cam and Lifter Wear. %. max. min. min. µm. (2) Not required for oils containing a minimum of 0. VIII 10hr. mg. max. min. Weighted Piston Demerit Rating. Stripped KV100°C. max.0 4. Foaming (Tendency/Stability) Sequence I.2 Report (1) 127 380 120 7. Grey Value.0 8. 5W20. min. 10/0 50/0 10/0 100/10 Pass 50 45 12 Stay-in-grade 10/0 50/0 10/0 100/10 Pass 50 45 Stay-in-grade Notes: (1) The 80 hour test sample shall be evaluated by test method D4684 (MRV TP-1) at the temperature indicated by the low-temperature grade of oil as determined on the 80 hour sample by test method D5293 (CCS Viscosity). max. max. °C.5 20 None Rate & Report Rate & Report Rate & Report 26. High Temp. 15 10 0W20. max. Rocker Cover Sludge Rating. Engine Sludge Rating. Shear Stability . %. max.0 None 20 5. Homogeneity/Miscibility GM EOFT Filterability. %. Avg. % m. 200 min.

Ring Side Clearance Loss. %. Oil Ring Plugging. Second Groove and below Same as CA Same as CA. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating.0 400 None 13 CC LTD or Modified LTD IIC or IID 1-H2 Mod LTD 7. sulphur fuel) L-4 or L-38 L-1 (0.35% min. Piston Area Weighted Total Demerits. Hot Stuck Rings 2 and 3 Ring Face Distress avg. min. max.API Diesel Engine Performance Criteria Test CA L-4 or L-38 L-1 (0. max. Piston Varnish Rating.0005 50 9. max. Top Groove Fill. Ring Side Clearance Loss.0 25 Essentially clean CB 30 50 9. Top Groove Fill. max.95% min. mg.0 80 300 0. Oil Screen Clogging. max. max. Top Groove Filling. Valve Distress 120-135 9. max. max. Weighted Total Demerits. % vol. max. max. Bearing Weight Loss. min.7 CD 1-G2 L-38 CD-II I-G2 L-38 6V-53T 12 None 04/02 . Bearing Weight Loss.6 45 140 0. Avg. except Top Groove Filling.0005 50 9. max. max. mg.5 42 42 10 10 IID 7. max. max. Ring Side Clearance Loss. in. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating. Weighted Total Demerits. avg. max. mg. Total Engine Sludge Rating. mg. max. min. avg. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating. % vol.0 LTD 7. in. min.5 35 25 25 IIC 7. % vol. min.0 Limits L-38 50 9. % vol. max. Total Engine Varnish Rating. min. sulphur fuel) L-38 Primary Performance Criteria L-4 Bearing Weight Loss. min. min. % vol. Bearing Weight Loss. Piston Skirt Varnish Rating. in. Top Groove Fill. Liner and Head Area Liner Distress. Weighted Total Demerits. %. max. max.Crankcase . Demerits. max. % Area.0005 80 300 0. Engine Rust Rating.

Bearing Weight Loss. Rate of Viscosity increase during last 50 hrs.API Diesel Engine Performance Criteria Test CE 1G2 Primary Performance Criteria Top Groove Fill. Weighted Total Demerits. max. max. in. mm. Avg.0005 50 90 0.002) 25 L-38 T-6 T-7 NTC-400 Oil Consumption Camshaft Roller Follower Pin Wear average. Limits 80 300 0. max. Merit Rating.040 Candidate oil consumption second order regression curve must fall completely below the published mean plus one standard deviation curve for the applicable reference oil 0. % area covered with heavy carbon. max. average. total CRC demerits for all six pistons. max.Crankcase . max. 100°C/hr. Piston Deposits. Third Ring Land. cSt. 40 04/02 . max. Crownland (Top Land) Deposits. max. mg.051 (0. min. % vol. (in). Ring Side Clearance loss.

max. No. Ring Side Clearance Loss. or Average rate of KV inc.1 3 70 240 0. No. 100-150 hrs. Weighted Total Demerits (WTD). (ppm) increase.013 None None 48. mm. Scuffing. µm. Oil Consumption.1 100 48. max. max. mg. 1 (Fire Ring) Avg. max. Final Oil Consumption. A 1-K test programme with a minimum of two tests. mg.20 43. max.27 0. Cylinder Line Scuffing. (piston-rings-liner) Merit Rating (*). Average Single Cylinder Piston Ring Face Distress Demerits. max. Number of Test Runs 1 70 240 0. max. (ppm) increase.7 2 70 240 0. Lead. loss. max. is required to demonstrate performance for this category Weighted Demerits (WDK). mg/kg. g/kW-h.7 100 45.040 0. Top Land Heavy Carbon (TLHC).27 0. mg. Average rate of KV inc.26 0.5 0. mg.22 50. max. mg/kg.27 None None None Limits (1 test) 90 150 40 0. max. 04/02 . 2 & 3 Bearing Weight Loss. or Top Piston Ring wt.013 None None 43. % vol.API Diesel Engine Performance Criteria Test CF 1M-PC Primary Performance Criteria Top Groove Filling (TGF). avg. Ring and Liner Scuffing Bearing Weight Loss. max. acceptable to the limits shown in the columns to the right. min.0 CF-2 L-38 1M-PC 6V-92TA CF-4 L-38 1-K T6 or T9 (D6483) T7 or T8A (D5967) L-38 CBT (D5968) Number of Test Runs 2 3 4 332 339 342 24 26 27 4 4 5 0.0 100 50.0 2 5 0. max. g/kW-h. Weighted Total Demerits (WTD). %. (ppm) increase. Port Plugging. max. max.013 None None 50. max.24 0. (0-252hr) max.23 0. Piston Ring Sticking Piston.0 2 5 0. % vol. Copper Corrosion. max. Top Groove Carbon Fill (TGF). Tin. max. max. during last 50hrs. %. %. Bearing Weight Loss. max. max. max.0 2 5 0. Avg.5 0.Crankcase . Copper. mg/kg.5 0.20 50 20 60 Report 3 Note: * Requires greater than zero unit on all individual rating. Linear Wear. (228-252hr) max.21 48.

avg.5 138 0. g/kW-h. max. Bearing Weight Loss.49) 12.0 138 0.2 20 3 0. Foaming/Settling.5 None None 12.304 64. Differential Pressure. Piston-Rings-Liner Number of Tests Allowed Stuck Rings Viscosity Increase @ 3.5 None None 11. max. avg.5 43. (mils). Increase. greater than SAE J300 lower limit for Grade. TLHC (Top Land Heavy Carbon).Crankcase . avg. cSt. max. Filter Plugging.4 (0. Scuffing. mg.304 67.2L Foam 11. kPa. % vol.45) 12.8% soot. max.304 65. µm.1 48. min. max. % avg. max. Hours to 375% Viscosity Increase.0 25 5 0.5 3 323. Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III ppm.5 138 0. max. avg. Used Oil Viscosity.5 T-8 IIIE L-38 6. g/kW-h.API Diesel Engine Performance Criteria Test CG-4 1N Primary Performance Criteria WDN (Weighted Demerits-1N). avg. ml. cSt.4 (0. avg.5 2 311.0 50. min. avg.50) 10/0 20/0 10/0 20 60 50 3 Bench Corrosion Test Note: Limits do not apply to monograde oils 04/02 .5 None None 13. Oil Consumption. max. avg. max. TGF (Top Groove Fill). avg. max. Oil Consumption. Wear.0 0. Copper Lead Tin Copper Corrosion.7 23 4 0. max. D130 Number of Test Runs 1 286.7 0.1 0.7 (0. avg. max.

Avg.1P). TLC (Top Land Carbon). Ring and Liner Scuffing Pin Wear.1 332 24 4 0. ppm. TGF (Top Groove Fill). Oil Consumption.5 None None 0. Number of Test Runs 1 350 36 40 2 3 378 390 39 41 46 49 11. ppm. 3. Increase in Lead Content.Crankcase .8% soot max.2 2. Copper. Avg.3 347 353 27 29 5 5 0.5 2. Tin. Lead.1K). Oil Consumption. max. WDK (Weighted Demerits .33 0. g/bhp-hr.6 27. max. ppm. max. Top Ring Weight Loss. max.5 0./test 7. min. max.0 max.5 13./test 10. 0-360 hours Final Oil Consumption. 336-360 hours Crosshead Weight Loss. 4. max.0 2.0 20 20 120 120 50 50 3 3 M-11 T-9 T8-E 1K 6.5L IIIE HEUI Bench Corrosion 6. max. Increase. Sludge.5 8.0 8. max. % vol. TGC (Top Groove Carbon).4 120 25 11. Copper Corrosion.0 max.0 8. Viscosity Increase.36 200 200 8. Liner Wear.5 None 0. max.5% soot mg.8% soot cSt. Viscosity Increase. mils. %. Relative Viscosity. max. max. % vol. max.5 8.0 20 120 50 3 04/02 . TLHC (Top Land Heavy Carbon).API Diesel Engine Performance Criteria Test CH-4 1P Primary Performance Criteria WDP (Weighted Demerits . kPa. %. max. max. Increase. max. max.1 136 144 32 36 12. Differential Pressure/Oil Filter. Increase. %. max.30 200 8. max. 4. %. max. ASTM D130. mg. Aeration Volume. ppm. µm.5 93 100 26.6 8.7 79 25. Piston. max.

4 materials (NBR.1 Viscosity Grade Method Properties Unit Limits Laboratory Tests SAE J 300 Latest active issue CEC L-14-A-93 (Bosch injector) Viscosity after 30 cycles measured at 100°C.nil Sequence IV (150°C) 100 . RE1 -1/+5 -40/+10 -50/+10 -1/+5 RE2-99 RE3 RE4 -5/+8 -25/+1 -5/+5 -15/+18 -45/+10 -20/+10 -35/+10 -20/+10 -50/+10 -7/+5 -1/+30 -5/+5 Sequence I (24°C) 10 .9 above or complete requirements according to 1. variation of characteristics after immersion for 7 days in fresh oil without pre-ageing Hardness DIDC Tensile strength Elongation rupture Volume variation Tendency .9 ≤ 15 for 10W-X % ≤ 15 or lower. XW-20: stay-in-grade XW-30 ≥ 8.nil Sequence II (94°C) 50 .2 Shear Stability 1.nil AEM (VAMAC) As per Daimler Chrysler CEC L-39-T-96 Max.4 Viscosity High Temperature High Shear Rate Evaporative Loss (Noack) Sulphated Ash Sulphur Phosphorus Chlorine Oil/Elastomer Compatibility See Notes (1) CEC L-36-A-97 (Ravenfield) CEC L-40-A-93 Viscosity at 150°C. ml.9 mPa.5 > 3. weight loss after 1hr.6 > 3. ±2 hr.5 ≤ 1. 1.stability Temp foam test Notes: (1) Use either complete Daimler Chrysler requirements (VDA 675301.0 stay-in-grade stay-in-grade XW-50 ≥ 15.9 above plus DC requirements for AEM.6 1.11 High Temperature Foaming Tendency ASTM D892 without option A ASTM D6082 High Tendency .5 max 3. FPM: AK6 (150ºC +/.5 ≤ 1.8 1. ACM: E7503 (150ºC +/. NBR34 DIN 53538 T3 (100ºC +/.stability 1.s XW-20 min 2.5 The following sections apply to all Sequences ppm m/m Report ppm m/m Report ppm m/m Report Elastomer type points % % % ml.10 Foaming Tendency 1.0 mm2/s. at 250°C.5 min 2. All grades to be All grades to be XW-40 ≥ 12.nil Sequence III (24°C) 10 .Crankcase .3 1. 7 days.2ºC) + RE3 according to requirement 1.0 max 3. New CEC RE3 material and limits are to be developed and added to Sequences as soon as possible.3 ≤ 1.ACEA 2002 Service Fill Oils for Gasoline Engines Requirements 1.2ºC).1 (150ºC +/. 04/02 .6 XW-30 ≥ 9.2ºC).5 All others min 2. Manufacturers may indicate specific viscosity requirements related to ambient temperatures.2ºC).9 ASTM D874 A1-02 A2-96 Issue 3 A3-02 A5-02 No restriction except as defined by shear stability and HTHS requirements. ≤ 13 ≤ 13 ≤ 13 for others % m/m ≤ 1. AEM: D8948/200.0 XW-40 ≥ 12.7 1. 1.5 1. and 106s-1 shear rate Max.

NBR34 DIN 53538 T3 (100ºC +/.5 max 3.8 1.stability Temp foam test Notes: (1) Use either complete Daimler Chrysler requirements (VDA 675301.9 ASTM D874 A1-02 A2-96 Issue 3 A3-02 A5-02 No restriction except as defined by shear stability and HTHS requirements.5 > 3. FPM: AK6 (150ºC +/. ≤ 13 ≤ 13 ≤ 13 for others % m/m ≤ 1. All grades to be All grades to be XW-40 ≥ 12. AEM: D8948/200.3 1.5 min 2.0 mm2/s.9 ≤ 15 for 10W-X % ≤ 15 or lower.nil AEM (VAMAC) As per Daimler Chrysler CEC L-39-T-96 Max.0 XW-40 ≥ 12. New CEC RE3 material and limits are to be developed and added to Sequences as soon as possible.9 mPa.0 stay-in-grade stay-in-grade XW-50 ≥ 15. weight loss after 1hr.3 ≤ 1.2 Shear Stability 1.s XW-20 min 2.stability 1. Manufacturers may indicate specific viscosity requirements related to ambient temperatures. 04/02 .2ºC) + RE3 according to requirement 1.0 max 3. 4 materials (NBR.5 All others min 2.5 The following sections apply to all Sequences ppm m/m Report ppm m/m Report ppm m/m Report Elastomer type points % % % ml. variation of characteristics after immersion for 7 days in fresh oil without pre-ageing Hardness DIDC Tensile strength Elongation rupture Volume variation Tendency . and 106s-1 shear rate Max.11 High Temperature Foaming Tendency ASTM D892 without option A ASTM D6082 High Tendency .2ºC).ACEA 2002 Service Fill Oils for Gasoline Engines Requirements 1.Crankcase . 7 days.nil Sequence IV (150°C) 100 .5 1.4 Viscosity High Temperature High Shear Rate Evaporative Loss (Noack) Sulphated Ash Sulphur Phosphorus Chlorine Oil/Elastomer Compatibility See Notes (1) CEC L-36-A-97 (Ravenfield) CEC L-40-A-93 Viscosity at 150°C.2ºC). at 250°C. ml.1 Viscosity Grade Method Properties Unit Limits Laboratory Tests SAE J 300 Latest active issue CEC L-14-A-93 (Bosch injector) Viscosity after 30 cycles measured at 100°C.6 > 3.6 1.5 ≤ 1. ACM: E7503 (150ºC +/.5 ≤ 1.9 above plus DC requirements for AEM.nil Sequence III (24°C) 10 .6 XW-30 ≥ 9.9 above or complete requirements according to 1.2ºC). 1.nil Sequence II (94°C) 50 . XW-20: stay-in-grade XW-30 ≥ 8. RE1 -1/+5 -40/+10 -50/+10 -1/+5 RE2-99 RE3 RE4 -5/+8 -25/+1 -5/+5 -15/+18 -45/+10 -20/+10 -35/+10 -20/+10 -50/+10 -7/+5 -1/+30 -5/+5 Sequence I (24°C) 10 . ±2 hr. 1.7 1.10 Foaming Tendency 1.1 (150ºC +/.

merit merit % 2. between min.4 Valve Train Scuffing Wear 2. Pad Merit (avg.5 x RL216 ≤0.5 2. average Cam Wear. ACEA will continuously review the situation to ensure that these limits are appropriate for European vehicles and lubricants. max.8 x RL216 mm2/s.L4) Ring Sticking 72 hour test Oil Thickening Ring Sticking (each part) Piston Varnish (6 elements) average of 4 pistons Absolute Viscosity Increase at 40°C.ACEA 2002 Service Fill Oils for Gasoline Engines Requirements 2. values during test Oil Consumption ASTM D6593-00 Average Engine Sludge Rocker Cover Sludge (Sequence VG) Average Piston Skirt Varnish Average Engine Varnish Under protocol & Comp.5 2. of 8 pads) Engine Sludge.6 Black Sludge CEC L-53-T-95 (M111) Fuel Economy CEC L-54-T-96 (M111) See Note(3) Notes: (2) The limits shown are based upon those applied in U. kg/test merit merit merit merit % µm. (3) ACEA considers the CEC L-54-T-96 test the only valid comparator against which claims of lubricant fuel economy improvement should be made.5 ≥ 8. and max.8 ≥ 8. 04/02 . µm.0 ≥ 7.8 x RL216 ≤0. CEC L-88-T-xx deposits (TU5JP . Ring (hot stuck) requirements for API SJ Oil Screen Clogging See Note(2) CEC L-38-A-94 (TU3M) Cam Wear. market requirements. average Fuel Economy Improvement vs. Reference Oil RL 191 (15W-40) merit merit ≤ RL216 Limits A2-96 Issue 3 ≥ 9.5 ≥ 2.5 ≥ RL140 ≥ 2.0 A3-02 Engine Tests A5-02 ≥ RL216 ≤1.S. Sludge Report ≥ 7.1 Method Properties Unit A1-02 High Temp.3 Low Temp.Crankcase .9 None ≤ 20 ≤ 10 ≤ 15 ≥ 7.

Crankcase .5 min 2.5 >3. and 106s-1 shear rate Max.s % % m/m ppm m/m ppm m/m ppm m/m 1.0 to be to be to be XW-50 ≥ 15.nil Sequence III (24°C) 10 .nil Sequence II (94°C) 50 .11 High Temperature Foaming Tendency ASTM D892 without option A ASTM D6082 High Tendency .9 ASTM D874 B1-02 B2-98 Issue 2 B3-98 Issue 2 B4-02 B5-02 No restriction except as defined by shear stability and HTHS requirements. New CEC RE3 material and limits are to be developed and added to Sequences as soon as possible.6 > 3.4 Viscosity High Temperature High Shear Rate Evaporative Loss (Noack) Sulphated Ash Sulphur Phosphorus Chlorine Oil/Elastomer Compatibility See Notes (1) CEC L-36-A-97 (Ravenfield) CEC L-40-A-93 Viscosity @ 150°C.2 Shear Stability mm2/s. Manufacturers may indicate specific viscosity requirements related to ambient temperatures. 1.2ºC). 7 days.6 The following sections apply to all Sequences Report Report Report Elastomer type RE1 -1/+5 -40/+10 -50/+10 -1/+5 RE2-99 RE3 RE4 -5/+8 -25/+1 -5/+5 -15/+18 -45/+10 -20/+10 -35/+10 -20/+10 -50/+10 -7/+5 -1/+30 -5/+5 Sequence I (24°C) 10 .2ºC) + RE3 according to requirement 1.stability Temp foam test Notes: (1) Use either complete Daimler Chrysler requirements (VDA 675301.1 (150ºC +/.9 XW-20 min 2.9 above or complete requirements according to 1.10 Foaming Tendency 1.7 1.9 ≤ 15 for 10W-X ≤ 15 or lower. 4 materials (NBR.6 XW-30 ≥ 9.5 All others min 2.3 ≤ 1. Unit Limits Laboratory Tests 1.3 1. XW-20: stay-in-grade XW-30 ≥ 8. NBR34 DIN 53538 T3 (100ºC +/. @ 250°C.5 1.0 stay-in-grade stay-in-grade stay-in-grade max 3.9 above plus DC requirements for AEM. variation of characteristics after immersion for 7 days in fresh oil without pre-ageing Hardness DIDC points Tensile strength % Elongation rupture % Volume variation % Tendency .5 > 3.2ºC). AEM: D8948/200. 04/02 .stability ml.6 1.0 XW-40 ≥ 12. ±2 hr. weight loss after 1hr.0 All grades All grades All grades XW-40 ≥ 12.8 ≤ 1.6 ≤ 1.nil AEM (VAMAC) As per Daimler Chrysler CEC L-39-T-96 Max. ml. FPM: AK6 (150ºC +/.1 Viscosity Grade Method Properties SAE J 300 Latest active issue CEC L-14-A-93 (Bosch injector) Viscosity after 30 cycles measured @ 100°C. ≤ 13 ≤ 13 ≤ 13 ≤ 13 for others ≤ 1.nil Sequence IV (150°C) 100 . 1.5 max 3.2ºC).8 1.5 ≤ 1. ACM: E7503 (150ºC +/.ACEA 2002 Service Fill Oils for Light Duty Diesel Engines Requirements 1. mPa.

kg/test merit ≤ 0. avg. and 3% soot (measurement with mm2/s.1 Method Properties Ring Sticking Piston Cleanliness Unit B1-02 Ring Sticking and CEC L-46-T-93 Piston Cleanliness (VW 1. (4) A passing result in the CEC L-78-T-99 test (VW Di) to the B4 requirements may be used in place of the CEC L-46-T-93 test.0 ≤ 20. Ref.0 ≥ 2.50 x RL197 result ≥ RL197 2.Crankcase .ACEA 2002 Service Fill Oils for Light Duty Diesel Engines Requirements 2.5 ASF ASF ASF % ≥ 2.2 ≤ 2.50 x RL197 result ≥ (RL197 minus 6 pts) ≥ RL148 ≥ RL148 ≤ 0. CEC L-83-A-97 method) Piston Merit (5 elements) merit average for 4 pistons Cam Wear.6 TC D) See Note (4) Medium Temp. of all 8 rings Max.0 - > RL20 ≤ 1.90 x RL197 result ≥ (RL197 minus 6 pts) Limits B2-98 Issue 2 B3-98 Issue 2 ≥ RL148 ≥ RL148 ≤ 0. Bore Polishing Cylinder Wear. % % µm.50 x RL197 result ≥ RL197 2. Viscosity Increase at 40°C. Oil RL191 (15W-40) µm. 04/02 .5 ≤ 0. avg. for any 1st ring Max.4 DI Diesel CEC L-78-T-99 Piston Cleanliness (VW DI) & Ring Sticking ≥ (RL206 minus 3 points) ≤ 1.0 ≤ 10. Viscosity Stability & Oil Consumption CEC L-51-A-98 (OM 602A) 2.0 ≤ 90 ≤ 7. Oil Consumption Piston Cleanliness Ring Sticking (Rings 1 & 2) Avg.50 x RL197 result ≥ RL197 ≤ 50.2 ≤ 2.5 ≤ 0. CEC L-56-T-98 Dispersivity (XUD11BTE) merit merit ≥ RL148 ≥ RL148 ≤ 0. for any 2nd ring Fuel Economy Improvement vs.0 B4-02 - Engine Tests B5-02 ≤ 0.2 Absolute Viscosity Increase @ 100°C.5 - - 2.5 Fuel Economy See Note (3) CEC L-54-T-96 (M111E) Notes: (3) ACEA considers the CEC L-54-T-96 test the only valid comparator against which claims of lubricant fuel economy improvement should be made.3 Wear.

ACEA 2002 Service Fill Oils for Heavy Duty Diesel Engines Requirements 1. NBR34 DIN 53538 T3 (100ºC +/.0 XW-40 ≥ 12. % ASTM D874 % m/m. Notes: (1) Use either complete Daimler Chrysler requirements (VDA 675301. CEC L-36-A-97 (Ravenfield) Method Properties Unit Limits Laboratory Tests Viscosity after 30 cycles mm2/s.0 Stay-in-grade XW-50 ≥ 15. 4 materials (NBR. variation of characteristics after immersion for 7 days in fresh oil without pre-ageing Hardness DIDC Tensile Strength Elongation Rupture Volume Variation Tendency . min.6 Oil/Elastomer Compatibility mPa.stability Oxidation Induction Time Used oil lead conc.2ºC). and 106s-1 shear rate CEC L-40-A-93 (Noack) Max. ppm. 04/02 .s Viscosity @ 150°C. @ 250°C.9 above plus DC requirements for AEM.5 Sulphated Ash 1. 7 days.9 above or complete requirements according to 1. FPM: AK6 (150ºC +/. ACM: E7503 (150ºC +/. ±2 hr. weight loss after 1hr.7 Foaming Tendency 1. AEM: D8948/200. CEC L-39-T-96 Max.2ºC) + RE3 according to requirement 1. Manufacturers may indicate specific viscosity requirements related to ambient temperatures.Crankcase .0 The following sections apply to all Sequences Elastomer type RE1 -1/+5 -50/+10 -60/+10 -1/+5 RE2-99 RE3 RE4 -5/+8 -25/+1 -5/+5 -15/+18 -45/+10 -20/+10 -35/+10 -20/+10 -50/+10 -7/+5 -1/+30 -5/+5 Sequence I (24°C) 10-nil Sequence II (94°C) 50-nil Sequence III (24°C) 10-nil Sequence IV (150°C) 200-50 ≥ 35 ≤ 100 AEM (VAMAC) As per Daimler Chrysler 1.9 Oxidation 1. 1.1 (150ºC +/. XW-30 ≥ 9. New CEC RE3 material and limits are to be developed and added to sequences as soon as possible. ml.1 Viscosity SAE J300 Latest active issue 1. CEC L-85-T-99 (PDSC) ASTM D5968 (Test temperature 135°C) Tendency .2 Shear Stability CEC L-14-A-93 (Bosch injector) measured @ 100°C.10 Corrosion (HTCBT) ASTM D982 without option A ASTM D6082 High temp.4 Evaporative Loss 1. E2-96 Issue 3 E3-96 Issue 3 E4-99 E5-02 No restriction except as defined by shear stability and HTHS requirements.3 Viscosity High Temperature High Shear Rate 1.stability points % % % ml.5 ≤ 13 ≤ 2.0 No requirements for single grades ≥ 3.2ºC).8 High Temperature Foaming Tendency 1.2ºC).

0 ≤ 138 ≤ 0. Bore Polishing Cylinder Wear.Crankcase .8% soot 1 test 2 test average 3 test average Filter Plugging Differential Pressure Oil Consumption Bore Polishing Piston Cleanliness Boost Pressure Loss at 400 hours Oil Consumption Unit % merit µm.4 ≤ 16.5 ≤ 12.5 ≤ 12.0 ≥ 25.5 ≤ 12.1 ≤ 2. cSt.5 ≥ 40.304 ≤ 2.0 Limits E3-96 Issue 3 ≤ 1.0 ≤4 ≤ 40 Engine Tests 2.0 ≤ 10 ≤ 2. kg/test cSt. 4.4 Bore Polishing CEC L-52-T-97 Piston Cleanliness (OM 441LA) Turbo Charger Deposits 04/02 .0 ≤ 20. 3.1 Bore Polishing/ Piston Cleanliness Method CEC L-42-T-99 (OM 364LA) Properties Bore Polishing Piston Cleanliness Average Cylinder Wear Sludge Oil Consumption Cam Wear average Viscosity Increase @ 40°C.3 Soot in Oil ASTM D5967 (Mack T-8E) (300 hours) ASTM D4485 (Mack T-8) (250 hours) 2. % merit % kg/test E2-96 Issue 3 ≤ 3.5 ≤ 13. kPa.0 ≤ 20.3 ≤ 11.5 ≤ 12.0 ≥ 9.5 ≥ 9.0 ≤ 10 ≤ 2.0 ≤ 50.0 ≤4 ≤ 40 2.0 ≤ 11.2 ≤ 2. cSt.3 ≤ 11.0 ≥ 40.0 ≤ 50. avg.8% soot 1 test 2 test average 3 test average Viscosity Increase.0 ≤ 138 ≤ 0.1 ≤ 2.0 ≥ 45.304 ≤ 2.2 Wear (OM 602A) CEC L-51-A-97 E5-02 ≤ 50. % % µm.0 ≤ 3.304 E4-99 ≤ 50. merit kg/test µm.2 ≤ 2. Oil Consumption Relative Viscosity.ACEA 2002 Service Fill Oils for Heavy Duty Diesel Engines Requirements 2.5 ≤ 13.0 ≤ 138 ≤ 0.0 ≤ 90 ≤ 7. g/kWh.0 ≤ 3.5 ≤ 13.0 ≤ 90 ≤ 7.

1 ≤ 100 ≤ 115 ≤ 130 ≤ 20 ≤ 10 2. µm.5 ≤ 8.6 Wear (liner ring-bearings) (Mack T-9) ASTM D6483 04/02 .5% soot 1 test 2 test average 3 test average Oil Filter Differential Pressure EOT 1 test 2 test average 3 test average Engine Sludge 1 test 2 test average 3 test average Avg. - - - ≤ 6.75% soot 1 test 2 test average 3 test average Avg.4 ≤ 26. Liner Wear normalised to 1. Unit E2-96 Issue 3 Limits E3-96 Issue 3 E4-99 Engine Tests E5-02 mg. kPa. mg. µm. merit merit merit µm. ppm.1440 Properties Rocker Pad Average Weight Loss @ 4.0 ≤ 79 ≤ 93 ≤ 100 ≥ 8. kPa.Crankcase . µm. µm. kPa.ACEA 2002 Service Fill Oils for Heavy Duty Diesel Engines Requirements 2. Top Ring Weight Loss 1 test 2 test average 3 test average Used Oil Lead Content Increase Used Oil Lead Content Increase at 300-400 hr. µm. ppm.5 Soot Induced Wear Method (Cummins M11) ASTM RR: D2 . mg.7 ≥ 8.6 ≥ 8.5 ≤ 7.5 ≤ 25.6 ≤ 27.

SAE J 300 Low Temperature Viscosity.Crankcase . max. min. at 250°C. max. mPa. max. 1 hr.s Cranking Pumping 04/02 . Tested according to CMA Code of Practice 2. min.ILSAC Specifications: GF-1 Test Viscosity Requirements Engine Test Requirements Bench Test Requirements Limits As defined by SAE J300 Sequence IID. at 371°C. max. 0. and 10 s 6 -1 API SG Limits apply. 3500 max.12% max. Sequence II. at 371°C. 25% max. (for all viscosity grades) Volatility Sim. 20% max. shall remain miscible 2. 17% max. Must stay-in-grade Shall remain homogeneous and when mixed with SAE reference oils.9 min. at -25°C. 200°C. Sequence IIIE. 30000 max. at -20°C. Additional Requirements Sequence VI. dis. method 3470 20% max. Sequence VE. 50% max. Flash Point ASTM D92 or ASTM D93 Shear Stability L-38 10 hour stripped viscosity Homogeneity and Miscibility Federal test method 791B. CRC L-38 HTHS Viscosity @ 150°C. Sequence IV. (ASTM D2887) or Evaporative Loss (CEC L-40-T-87) SAE 0W and 5W multigrades All other SAE viscosity grades GM EOFT Filterability Foaming (Tendency/Stability) ASTM D892 (Option A) Sequence I. at 250°C. wt. EFEI Catalyst Compatibility Phosphorus Content.7% min. 1 hr. %. flow reduction 10/0 50/0 10/0 Report & Report 185°C. Sequence III.

Test Viscosity Requirements Engine Test Requirements Bench Test Requirements 0W-X. 1. 5W-X.0% water High Temp. Sequence II. CRC L-38 CEC L-40-A-93/L-40-T-87 (Noack). Rate & Report Rate & Report 60 max. Flash Point (ASTM D92). 5W-X SAE 10W-X Limits As defined by SAE J 300 API SG Limits apply. 5W-X and 10W-X grades only. (ASTM 1392).10 max. The Sequence VI fuel economy engine test from ILSAC GF-1 is replaced with the Sequence VI-A. Oils can be licensed with the API Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System (EOLCS) from 15 October 1996. % Phosphorus. Sequence III. 0. max. Tested according to CMA Code of Practice 22 max.0 max. max.1% min.4% min. Gelation Index Sequence VI-A Fuel Economy SAE 0W-20. Deposits (TEOST) Deposit wt. max.ILSAC Specifications: GF-2 ILSAC GF-2 is applicable to SAE viscosity grades 0W-X.6/1. 200 min. 5W-20 Other SAE 0W-X. °C. 10/0 50/0 10/0 200/50 Pass 50 max. High temp. Additional Requirements 04/02 . % m. Foaming (Tendency/Stability) Sequence I. 1. 0. % GM EOFT Modified 0.12% maximum for GF-1.0% water 2. Three categories of fuel economy improvement are possible with ILSAC GF-2. 12. max. 10W-X Sequence IID.5% min. Homogeneity/Miscibility GM EOFT Filterability Flow reduction. Sequence VE. ILSAC GF-2 oils have a phosphorus limitation of 0.10% maximum compared with 0.Crankcase . Sequence IIIE. mg.0/3.

ILSAC GF-3 oils maintain a phosphorus limitation of 0. 0. Sequence VIII. Sequence VG. 5W-20 Other SAE 0W-30.0 min. 50 max. 5W-X.ILSAC Specifications: GF-3 ILSAC GF-3 is applicable to SAE viscosity grades 0W-X.9 min. High temp.0% water 2.6 min.6 min.0% water High Temp. Gelation Index Sequence VI-B Fuel Economy SAE 0W-20. mg. % GM EOFT Modified (EOWTT) (*) 0. Tested according to ACC Code of Practice 15% max.0/3. Oils can be licensed with the API Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System (EOLCS) from 15 October 1996. Read across results to all other base oil/viscosity grade formulations using same or lower concentration of identical additive (DI/VI) combination.6/1. 1hr. Additional Requirements FE1 (16hr) 2. FE2 (96hr) 1. 0. max. 50 max. Notes: (*) Test formulation with highest additive (DI/VI) concentration. 5W-30 SAE 10W-30 & all other viscosity grades Limits As defined by SAE J 300 API SL Limits apply. (ASTM 1392).10% maximum established in ILSAC GF-2 to maintain acceptable catalyst protection. Foaming (Tendency/Stability) Sequence I. Sequence III. Test Viscosity Requirements Engine Test Requirements Bench Test Requirements 0W-X. at 250ºC.6 min. 0.10 max. at 371ºC. Sequence IVA. 12. max. BRT Evaporation Loss (ASTM D5800) Simulated Distillation (ASTM D6417) Phosphorus. 1.0 max.0 min 1. Three categories of fuel economy improvement are possible with ILSAC GF-3.3 min. 1. 04/02 . % m.Crankcase . 45 max. 5W-X and 10W-X grades only. Each different DI/VI combination must be tested.. Homogeneity/Miscibility GM EOFT Filterability Flow reduction.7 min. 10W-X Sequence IIIF. max. Sum FE1/FE2 3. 10% max. Sequence II. deposits (TEOST-MHT-4) Deposit wt. max. The Sequence VI-A fuel economy engine test from ILSAC GF-2 is replaced with the Sequence VI-B. 10/0 50/0 10/0 100/0 Pass 50 max.

TGF. max. %.5 9. TGF.0 5.9 3. min. Avg.0 6.5 6. max. µm.5 9.5 None 375 8. Piston Varnish. max. max. avg. max. %. WTD. 46152D 40 8.2 None None None 30 64 9. min. µm.5 4.2 6. min. vol. min. max.0 5. Oil Ring Clogging. max.2 None None None 30 64 9.5 15 20 None 127 381 45 140 2104E 50 8.US Military Specifications: Engine Test Requirements MIL-L L-38 IID IIIE Bearing Weight Loss.1 None None 64 178 8.Crankcase . max.0 7. Avg. max. Sludge.5 15 20 None 127 381 45 140 46152E 40 8. max. Ring Sticking Cam Wear. %. WTD.0 7. µm. Sludge.9 3. Rust. %.0 6. vol.5 None 375 8.0 15 23 None 203 457 80 300 VE 1-H2 1-G2 04/02 . Avg. Oil Screen Plugging. max. Piston Varnish. min. avg. min. max. Ring Sticking Lifter Sticking Cam or Lifter Scuffing Cam plus Lifter Wear. %. min. Varnish. mg. Stuck Lifters Viscosity Increase 64 hrs. µm. Oil Ring Land Varnish. Rocker Cover Sludge. 40°C. min.

Valve distress Port plugging.’s 2 and 3 compression Liner and Head Area Avg.Additional Test Requirements for MIL-L-2104E Test Detroit Diesel 6V-53T (FTM 355T) Parameter Piston Area Avg. % Hardness change.85 101. min. ∆ between 1500 & 5500 cycles.0 None Report 0 to +5 -5 to +5 0 to 10 10 to 0 0 to +5 -10 to 0 0. Ring Face Distress. % Hardness change. points Slip Time at 5500 cycles max. Avg. µm. %. slip time. max. max.0 12. points Tip Cycle (Silicone) Volume change. Hot stuck rings Avg. Fire ring No. (2) 350 Allison C-3 (Seal) C-3 (Time/Torque) Caterpillar TO-2 Notes: (1) 20% max. points Dip Cycle (Polyacrylate) Volume change.2s. max. Total Wear. liner scuffing. max. for 10W (2) In duplicate tests 04/02 . Nm. % Total Immersion (Buna N) Volume change.7 40. Torque. MIL-L-2104E 400 None Report 13. %.7 15(1). demerits. at 0. Stopping Time Increase. % Hardness change. total deposits. max. %.Crankcase . max.

5 8.Crankcase . max.28 None 60. %.29 None 63. Oil Ring Land Deposits.040 Report Report 0. WDK Demerits. 2 & 3 Compression Rings Broken Rings Cylinder Liner scuffing. Maximum. Avg. max. µm. demerits. mg. µm.5 None IIIE L-38 Mack T7 6V-92TA Report Report 0. max. max. max. g/kWhr. Top Land Heavy Carbon (TLHC) %. Oil Consumption.0 2 5 Report Report 0. Piston Skirt Varnish. max. max. Scuffing and Ring Sticking Viscosity Increase. Sludge. Piston Skirt Varnish.0 0. @ 100°C. max. Stuck Rings Stuck Lifters Cam and Lifter Scuffing Cam plus Lifter Wear: Avg. 40°C. min. Port Plugging.33 0. Tin Removed Wrist Pin Slipper Bushing. %. rate of Viscosity Increase. min. % area. max./hr. Fire Ring No. Copper removed Ring Face Distress.0 2 5 04/02 .5 2 5 3 29 353 5 0. cSt. max.5 None 2 27 347 5 0. min. max.7 9. Skirts.MIL-L-2104F Engine Test Requirements Number of Tests Run 1 1K Top Groove Fill (TGF) %.36 0. Bearing Weight Loss.34 0.5 None 750 1. min.30 None 65.0 None None None 64 145 50 9. last 50hr. Average Single Cylinder 24 332 4 0.

000 . % Hardness change.097 0 -5.000 0. Mid-Point Co-efficient of Friction at Cycles min. % Disc Wear. pts.120 85 90 90 95 130 125 125 125 Sequence FRRET Paper 5.127 Report Report Report 95 . Seals 90 . max. % Average Total Wear. % Hardness change. % After 3. secs. pts. Total Immersion (Flouroelastomer) Volume change. % 25 Cat TO-3 Stopping Time Increase.67 0.000 cycles Average Static Co-efficient.000 cycles After 8. 0. mm.086 04/02 . % Hardness change.10. max.140 91 .000 cycles After 15.56 0. µm.000 0.066 0 to +5 -5 to +5 0 to +10 0 to +5 0 to +5 -10 to 0 0 to +4 -4 to +4 Sequence 1220 Cat TO-4 Average Dynamic Co-efficient. pts.000 cycles After 25.04 Energy Limit. Total Immersion (Buna N) Volume change. 0. % Hardness change. Tip Cycle (Silicone) Volume change.74 0. Dip Cycle (Polyacrylate) Volume change.Crankcase . pts.MIL-L-2104F Transmission Test Requirements Graphite 5500 Allison C-4 Friction Seals Slip Time at Cycles.

% -1/+5 RE2-99 (Acrylic) Hardness Change Point -5/+8 Tensile Strength %.Crankcase . (*) 10. % -50/+10 Volume Rate of Change. 0. mm2/s/h. Piston Ring Sticking Deposits on Ring Lands.0 max. % vol. % -1/+30 RE4 (Nitrile) Hardness Change Point -5/+5 Tensile Strength %. 04/02 . Rate of Change -15/+18 Elongation Rate of Change. ml/ml 50/0 max. 20 max.5 mass % Carbon Residue Increase) Viscosity Increase (100-150hr) at 100°C. 120 max. Copper. 50 max. % -7/+5 RE3 (Silicon) Hardness Change Point -25/+1 Tensile Strength %. (Normalized at 4. mass ppm.2 max. mass % 18. mass ppm. viscosity classification in SAE J300 mgKOH/g.JASO DH-1 Test Nissan TD25 Piston Detergency Mitsubishi 4D34T4 Valve Train Wear Protection Mack T8A Soot Dispersency Sequence IIIE High Temperature Oxidation Stability JASO Hot Tube Test Hot Surface Deposit Control Foaming Performance Criteria TGF (Top Groove Fill). Rate of Change -20/+10 Elongation Rate of Change. Limits 60. Sequence III 10/0 max. Viscosity Increase at 40°C. At 280°C. Evaporation Loss at 250°C. RE1 (Flouro) Hardness Change Point -1/+5 Tensile Strength %.0 max. Rate of Change -45/+10 Elongation Rate of Change. % -20/+10 Volume Rate of Change. Lead. mass ppm.0 max.0 min. mm2/s. Rate of Change -40/+10 Elongation Rate of Change. All free Report 95. µm. Volatility Anti-corrosion Shear Stability Total Base Number Seal Compatibility Sequence I 10/0 max. Stay-in-grade of virgin oil Kinetic Viscosity of Oil after Test at 100°C. Tin. merit rating 7. 3 max. Sequence II Tendency / Stability. % -5/+5 Note: (*)According to JIS K2501 or ASTM D-4739 test method. % -35/+10 Volume Rate of Change.Japanese Automotive Diesel Engine Oil Standard . % 200 max.0 min. merit rating Cam Diameter Loss. % -50/+10 Volume Rate of Change. Discoloration of Copper Coupon after Test at 135°C.

Top Ring Wt Loss./hr. max. % Area. max. Oil Consumption. CEC Merits.6 / 8. Oil Consumption g. Normalized to 4.0 40 95. max. max.0 2. vol. %.0 25. max. Average Wear Normalized to 1.1 120 / 136 / 144 2.5 / 7.1 / 1. Press.3 7.4 / 26.5 X Initial 79 / 93 / 100 8. Boost Pressure Loss at 400 Hours. max.0 Cummins M11 HST Mack T-9 Mack T-8E 6. Sludge. min. Engine Tests Limits 397 / 416 / 440 40 / 42 / 44 37 / 42 / 46 13. Weighted Merits.5% soot mg. max. (2) Lead Maximum 25 ppm if fresh oil has TBN (ASTM D4739) greater than 10.7 / 8. max.5 / 8. Initial max. Eng. max.5L RFWT Seq IIIF. 60 hrs. max. Bore Polish.1 / 2. kPa. Oil Filter Diff.6 / 8.6 / 27. %. µm. max. min.0 15 (2) 2. kg. max. 04/02 . µm. max. mg. Aeration.2 / 2.75% soot Liner µm. Kv 40C Viscosity Increase. Avg. %. TAN Increase at EOT. %. %. Top Land Carbon. Used Oil Lead. Note: (1) The requirements for this characteristic may be met with a CH-4 level passing result in an original API CH-4 qualification.0 4 25.4 / 9. ppm.5 6. Relative Viscosity at 4.Global Engine Oil Service Specification DHD-1 Test Caterpillar 1R (1) Performance Criteria Weighted Demerits (WDR)./Final max.1 200 8./test max.Crankcase . (2) HEUI Mercedes Benz OM 441LA Mitsubishi 4D34T4 160 hrs.8% soot Pin Wear. Cam Lobe Wear. Total Groove Carbon. max. Rocker Pad Average Weight Loss.

04/02 .nil Sequence III (24°C) 10 .0 35 15 Foaming . %. max. max. max. points. ppm.Crankcase . Consult the most recent ACEA Oil Sequence publication for the information on the limits with more recent elastomer batches. after 1 min. min.nil Sequence IV (150°C) 200 . measured at 100°C. NOACK Volatility % Mass Loss.50 35 stay-in-grade 2.nil Sequence II (94°C) 50 . ml.High Temperature PDSC Shear Stability Bosch Injector Test Sulphated Ash HT/HS Viscosity Tapered Bearing High Tempeature / High Shear Rate Simulator / Ravenfield Viscosity. Induction Time. Viscosity after 30 Cycles. max. %. max. RE 1 -1/+5 -50/+10 -60/+10 -1/+5 Elastomer Type RE 2 RE 3 -5/+5 -25/+1 -15/+10 -45/+1 -35/+10 -20/+10 -5/+5 -1/+30 RE 4 -5/+5 -20/+10 -50/+10 -5/+5 Foaming Tendency Sequence I (24°C) 10 . after 1 min. Volume variation. Lead 120. max. min. settling Oxid. Tendency / Stability. cP. max. Tensile Strength.Global Engine Oil Service Specification DHD-1 Test Performance Criteria Laboratory Tests Limits Copper 20. Elongation rupture. max. Elastomer Compatibility * Variation after 7 days fresh oil. %. Note: (*) The Elastomer Compatability Limits are those stated in ACEA 1999 European Oil Sequences and apply to the elastomer batches available at that time. ml. max. min. No pre-aging Hardness DIDC. settling Tendency / Stability. Mass %. Tin 50 Corrosion Bench Test Used Oil Element Content above Baseline.

Rocker Pad Average Weight Loss.8% soot Pin Wear. (2) HEUI Mercedes Benz OM 441LA Mitsubishi 4D34T4 160 hrs. max. TAN Increase at EOT. max. %. max. 04/02 . ppm. (2) Lead Maximum 25 ppm if fresh oil has TBN (ASTM D4739) greater than 10. Oil Filter Diff. %.6 / 27.0 40 95. mg.1 / 1. %.0 25. kPa.5 / 7. max. Avg. Press.5% soot mg.7 / 8. % Area. Cam Lobe Wear. max. Bore Polish. max.5L RFWT Seq IIIF. max. %. max. Note: (1) The requirements for this characteristic may be met with a CH-4 level passing result in an original API CH-4 qualification. min. max.6 / 8. Average Wear Normalized to 1. Oil Consumption g.5 / 8./Final max. max.0 4 25. Normalized to 4. max.Crankcase . Weighted Merits. Top Land Carbon. Top Ring Wt Loss. Kv 40C Viscosity Increase. Engine Tests Limits 397 / 416 / 440 40 / 42 / 44 37 / 42 / 46 13.3 7.5 X Initial 79 / 93 / 100 8. Initial max.Global Engine Oil Service Specification DHD-1 Test Caterpillar 1R (1) Performance Criteria Weighted Demerits (WDR).0 2./hr.75% soot Liner µm. Total Groove Carbon. min. µm.2 / 2. Boost Pressure Loss at 400 Hours. %. Eng.0 15 (2) 2. max. Aeration. vol.1 / 2.4 / 9.1 120 / 136 / 144 2. kg. Relative Viscosity at 4. max. 60 hrs.4 / 26.1 200 8. Oil Consumption.5 6.0 Cummins M11 HST Mack T-9 Mack T-8E 6. µm. max.6 / 8. Used Oil Lead./test max. CEC Merits. Sludge.

occurences Piston Varnish Ring Sticking Piston Deposits Piston Scuffing Limits ≤ Ref. Oil 1 max. oil Notes: TA (TSC-1) not released as a full specification. test Better than or equal to ref. TB (TSC-2) not released as a full specification due to the withdrawal of the supporting OEM.Two-Stroke Classification: API TC Engine API TC (CEC TSC-3) Yamaha CE 50S Yamaha CE 50S Yamaha 350 M2 Parameter Tightening. but the test methods are recognised by ASTM as valid for assessing the capabilities of two stroke oils. No new work is in progress. in 50 hr.Crankcase . 04/02 . Mean Torque Drop Pre-ignition.

Crankcase . but the test methods are recognised by ASTM as valid for assessing the capabilities of two stroke oils. test Better than or equal to ref. in 50 hr. Oil 1 max. No new work is in progress.Two-Stroke Classification: API TC Engine API TC (CEC TSC-3) Yamaha CE 50S Yamaha CE 50S Yamaha 350 M2 Parameter Tightening. occurences Piston Varnish Ring Sticking Piston Deposits Piston Scuffing Limits ≤ Ref. Mean Torque Drop Pre-ignition. 04/02 . oil Notes: TA (TSC-1) not released as a full specification. TB (TSC-2) not released as a full specification due to the withdrawal of the supporting OEM.

Piston Skirt Varnish Suzuki SX800R Exhaust Smoke Exhaust Blocking Piston Skirt Deposits rating not required by JASO 04/02 . Notes: All limits are indices relative to reference oil. 45 min. 30 min. 98 min. 90 min. 125 min. 85 min. 40 min. 98 min. 85 min. EGB FB 95 min. EGD 95 min. 95 min.Crankcase . 85 min. 90 min.Two-Stroke Classification: ISO/JASO ISO JASO Lubricity Torque Index Detergency Piston Skirt Deposits Exhaust Smoke Exhaust Blocking FA 90 min. 98 min. 85 min. 98 min. 90 min. EGC FC 95 min. 95 min. JATRE-1 Test Engines Honda DIO AF27 Lubricity Torque Index Detergency. 80 min. 45 min.

0. 04/02 .Crankcase .16. -5 max. Sulphated Ash. 48 merit min. Report No seizure Kawasaki KH 125M Suzuki SX 800R (JASO M 342-92) 8 merit min. Pour Point. None 85 min. 70 min. 100°C. % wt.Two-Stroke Classification: TISI 1040 Test Bench Tests Parameter Viscosity. Note: Since mid-1991. Metallic Element content. °C. Viscosity Index Flash Point.5 max. cSt.6 . all two-stroke oils used in Thailand are required to meet TISI requirements. °C. % wt. Piston Seizure and Ring Scuffing at fuel-oil ratio of 200:1 Detergency (general cleanliness) Ring Sticking Piston Cleanliness Exhaust Port Blocking Exhaust Smoke Limits 5.3 95 min.

oil Max. 04/02 . 0. average Piston Deposits. occurrences Exhaust Port Blocking Pre-ignition. % Limits ≤ Ref.Crankcase . of 1 in 100 hr.6 points below ref. oil ≤ Ref. 10% greater than ref. average Spark Plug Fouling. with higher anti-scuff performance. Oil Max. 1 more than ref.6 points below ref. oil Category 3 or 4 of SAE J1536 20 max. occurrences Decrease in Flow Rate. oil Max. test Equal or better than ref. ASTM Pre-ignition NMMA Rust Test SAE Miscibility Fluidity NMMA Filterability Note: This specification was introduced in April 1992 to replace NMMA TC-W2 and offers improved ring-stick protection and lubricity. average Top Ring Sticking. oil Max.Two-Stroke Classification: NMMA TC-W3 Test ASTM Lubricity NMMA Detergency Parameter Torque Drop. 0. oil Max. occurrences Pre-ignition (major).

0 max.0/40. 1. (*) 26 min. 60 max.0 8.0 max.Crankcase .0.0 22 min. (new/old) Oil Consumption. 3.0 max. µm. µm.5 31. max. 2. 10.5 max. 4.0 3.0/6.0 max. OM 364A/OM 364LA 1./30. (23mm) Cylinder Wear. 400 hrs.0 max.0 max.5/9.0 max.5/9.0 max.0/3. 40°C. µm. max.0 max.0 2. 25.9 min.0/50. 45.0 max./28.0 24.0 max.1 Multi 228. Euroval tappets) Piston Cleanliness (No ring sticking) Bore Polishing.0 max. kg. 2.0/0.0 35.0 6.5 50.0 max. 100. avg. 1. % Piston Cleanliness Cylinder Wear./12.0 max.0 max./28.0 max. avg. 4. Boost Pressure loss. avg.0 max. max. 8. OM 364A/OM 364LA 2. % Note: (*) For OM 441LA tests started after 1. avg. 8. Viscosity Increase.0 max./29.0 max.0 max. 45.0 max.5/1. 6. OM 364A/OM 364LA 8.0/10. %. min.0 max. 10.0 max. 90 max./10. 15.8 min. 18.0 Mono 227.0 9. avg.5 9. 50.0/45.3 Multi 228. min. 40. 227. 50.0 max. avg.0 max. 3. Cylinder Wear.0 max.0 max.0/20.0 max. Engine Sludge. (*) 04/02 .1999.0/9. 3./10.0 24 min.0 max. kg.2 Mono 228.0 7. Piston Cleanliness. 9.6.0 Mono 228.0 max. Oil Consumption. ASF Oil Consumption. Engine Deposits demerit Wear Rating demerit Ring Sticking. 7.0 min 8. 10.5 max. µm.5 Multi 20 min. 9./11. (new/old) Cam Wear.0 max.0/3.0/3.0/4. 10. %.5 9.97.5 12.6 10. % Engine Sludge.0/2.0 max. 8. OM 364A/OM 364LA Bore Polishing. 100.0 min.9.0 2.5 max.3 25. Engine Sludge. 9. OM 441LA Euro II Bore Polishing. 9.0 max. 8.OEM Specification: Mercedes-Benz Engine Test Requirements for Diesel Engine Oils Sheet Number Viscosity Grade OM 602A (After 11.0/9. 20. g/hr. 70 max. avg. OM 364A/OM 364LA 14.0/12.0 max.0/35.0/16. 80 max.1 Multi 228.0 max.0 max.9 min.0 max. 15. 4.0 min.4 18.

1 Multi 228. µm. Boost Pressure loss.0 max.0 max.0 max. %.0/12./29.0 24. % Engine Sludge.5 max.0 max. µm. Piston Cleanliness.0/2.0 22 min.0/9.5 31.0/9. 10. 6.5 9.0 max.0 min.0 max.0 2.0 24 min.0 min.0 2.0/0. OM 364A/OM 364LA 14.0/20. OM 364A/OM 364LA 1. 4. 2.97.0 max.3 Multi 228.0 max.0 max. (*) 26 min.0 3. 90 max. 18. 45. 100.1 Multi 228./12.0 max.0/3.6 10. kg. 15. avg. % Note: (*) For OM 441LA tests started after 1. 227. min.5/9. 2. Engine Deposits demerit Wear Rating demerit Ring Sticking. max. 1.3 25.0 max.4 18.0 max.0 max. % Piston Cleanliness Cylinder Wear. 100.0 max.0 max.0 max.0 max.0 max.0 max.0 max. 60 max.0/16.0 max./28.0 Mono 227. (23mm) Cylinder Wear.0/6.0 max.0/35. (*) 04/02 .0 max. 50.0 9. 10.0 max. avg.0/50. 400 hrs. 10. 8.0 6.5/9.5 9. 70 max. µm.5 max. 25. OM 364A/OM 364LA Bore Polishing.1999. avg. OM 441LA Euro II Bore Polishing./10.0/10. Euroval tappets) Piston Cleanliness (No ring sticking) Bore Polishing. max. Engine Sludge. min./28. 80 max. kg. 50. 9.0.0 8. avg.5 Multi 20 min. 9. 1.0/40.0 min 8.0/4. 3. 4. 40. OM 364A/OM 364LA 2./30. 8.0 max.8 min.2 Mono 228. (new/old) Oil Consumption. Engine Sludge.0 max.0 Mono 228. µm.5/1.0/3.0 max.0 max.0 max. 10. 8.5 12.5 50.0 max.9.9 min. Viscosity Increase. max.0 max.OEM Specification: Mercedes-Benz Engine Test Requirements for Diesel Engine Oils Sheet Number Viscosity Grade OM 602A (After 11. 3. 9. OM 364A/OM 364LA 8. Cylinder Wear.0 max.6.0 max. (new/old) Cam Wear. 45.0/3.0 7. 40°C./11.0 max. g/hr. 8. 20.5 max. 3.0 max. ASF Oil Consumption. 7. 15. Oil Consumption. %. avg.9 min.0 max. 4.Crankcase ./10.0/45. avg. avg. 9.0 max.0 35.

10W-30.0 max.0 max. RL 140 + 2 std. avg. 20 min. 20W-50 1. avg. (new/old) Cam Wear.0 max. 15W-50./30.5 max. deviation 5.OEM Specification: Mercedes-Benz Sheet 229. 7. µm. SAE 229. 20W-40. OM 602A Piston Cleanliness (no ring sticking) Bore Polishing. % Engine Sludge. 90 max. 5W-50. % (23mm) Cylinder Wear. 15W-40. avg./12. 10W-40.0 max. Cam Wear. 40°C.1 A3-96 B3-96 5W-30.0 max. kg. 20. 10W-50. 10W-60. avg. Viscosity Increase. 5W-40.Crankcase . Rate & Report See last page of this section Sulphated Ash Relative Permittivity Seals Tests Engine Tests M111E Sludge Engine Sludge. 04/02 . 8. µm.0 max. µm.8 min. avg. (new/old) Oil Consumption.1 for Passenger Car Engine Oils Sheet Number ACEA Viscosity Grades. 10. 50.0 max.

/10. 4. µm.00 limits 04/02 . % Engine Sludge. % Seals Tests Engine Tests M111E Sludge Engine Sludge. ppm.3 for Passenger Car Engine Oils Sheet Number ACEA Viscosity Grades. µm. 45. avg. 0. 40°C. B3-98. Viscosity Increase. Cam Wear.0 max.0 max. 15. % Cylinder Wear. 70 max. wt./28. Sulphur. SAE Chlorine.Crankcase .0 % min. avg. avg. 1. deviation (Batch 1 fuel) 3. 10. 8.0 max. kg. See last page of this section RL 140 + 3 std. avg.OEM Specification: Mercedes-Benz Sheet 229. µm. deviation (Batch 2 fuel) RL 140 + 2 std. B4-98 0W-X. 5W-X 100 max. M111E Fuel Economy OM 602A Piston Cleanliness Bore Polishing. (new/old) Oil Consumption. 24 min.3 A3-98.9 min.0 max.5 max. VW PV 1449 (VW T4) 229. avg.0 max. To VW 502.0 max. (new/old) Cam Wear.5 max.

avg. avg. 26 min.0 max. avg. 5W-X. (439 hr) (Note a) 5.0 max. VW PV 1449 (VW T4) VW TDI or PV 1452 Wartung 2000 Tests (Note a) Bench Tests @ DC:M111 E23 (Prufstand-Snail-Programme-PSP) OM 611 DE 22LA (12 Pkt DL) M166 E16 (12 Pkt DL) M111 E23ML (40 Pkt DL) Field Tests (S=Snail.0 max. . ppm. 60. (new/old) Oil Consumption. 40°C. B=Barracuda):S: 1 x A140. avg./10. 3. µm. % Seals Tests Engine Tests M111E Sludge Engine Sludge. µm. Viscosity Increase. Approvals will not be given before 3/2002. Sulphur wt. 10. kg. % (23mm) Cylinder Wear.5 A3-98.0 max. 45.8% min. avg.0 max. Cam Wear. B3-98. % Engine Sludge.5 please contact EP/MPO before starting tests. B4-98 0W-X. 9. See last page of this section n. 1 x A170 CDi 04/02 ./28. Further requirements are listed in the performance standard.OEM Specification: Mercedes-Benz Sheet 229.0 max. (new/old) Cam Wear. (439 hr) 1.Crankcase 229. µm M111E Fuel Economy OM 602A Piston Cleanliness (no ring sticking) Bore Polishing. 0.5 for Passenger Car Engine Oils Sheet Number ACEA Viscosity Grades. 10W-X 50 max.00 limits Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Note a: For sheet 229. To VW 502.n.5 max. 15.0 max.0 max. 1x C230T Kompressor B: 1 x E220T CDi 99.00 limits To B4 or VW 506. SAE Chlorine.0 min.

s. % change. mm2.OEM Specifications: MAN 270. Volume Change. min. max. Elongation Change. % wt. % MAN 270 E2-96 10W. Tensile Strength. min. % of %.05 10/50/10 180/90/180 -10 -20 -30 0/+10 -5/+5 -30 -40 -2/+5 MAN 271 E2-96 10W-40 15W-40 20W-50 12. Foaming Tendency. 20W-20 20W-30.5 0. (2) 15 min./sec. max. ml. 40 0. mPa. % change. nil after (s) max. for SAE 20W-50.08 0. 04/02 . % wt. % of %.05 10/50/10 180/90/180 -10 -20 -30 0/+10 -5/+5 -30 -40 -2/+5 Note: (1) Other viscosities need MAN agreement. % FPM-AK6 Compatibility (150°C/7 days) Change in Hardness (Shore A) Tensile Strength. Elongation Change. max. 10W-40 must contain 25% of unconventional base stocks. Foam Stability. max.Crankcase . NBR-28 Compatibility (100°C/7 days) Change in Hardness (Shore A). MAN 271 Requirements Performance Level: ACEA SAE Viscosity Grades (J300)(1) Viscosity after Shear. min. max. max.0(2) 3. Zinc.08 0. max. HTHS. Volume Change. Ethylene Glycol. 30.

04/02 Crankcase .OEM Specifications: MAN 270. MWM ‘B’ tests are no longer required or accepted for new oil approvals. MAN 271 Additional Notes 1. 205 215 215 210 210 215 220 225 2. -33 -30 -27 -24 -24 -24 -18 -15 Flash Point (COC) min. max. Evaporation loss. °C. °C. SAE SAE SAE SAE SAE SAE SAE SAE 10-W 10W-40 15W-40 20W-20 20W-30 20W-50 30 40 15 13 13 13 13 13 10 10 Pour Point max. Base oil blends to meet requirements of MAN N699. 3. Un-conventional base oils may require additional testing. pour point and flash point limits: Evaporation Loss %. Approvals based on MWM ‘B’ tests invalid after 31 May 1996.

ml. Foam Stability. 04/02 . mm2/s. 50 max. °C.Crankcase . XW-30 9 min. °C.5 min. nil after s. 25. Foaming Tendency. µm.0 max. % Piston Cleanliness Boost Pressure Loss @ 400hrs. -30 max. 5W-40 (unconventional base oil only). 0. Zinc. 215 min.s Viscosity after Shear. 10/50/10 max. Viscosity Increase @ 40°C. Ethylene Glycol. 13 max. Note: Viscosity Grades: Generally SAE 15W-40 with mineral base oil. 40 max. 7. mPa. % Flash Point (COC). 4 max. µm. 0. kg.0 min. AK6 Engine Tests OM 602A Cam Wear. Noack Evaporation Loss. av. Pour Point. % m. OM 441LA Bore Polishing. Bore Polishing.0 max.OEM Specification: MAN M 3275 Requirements SAE Viscosity Grades (J300) HTHS Viscosity. % m. % Cylinder Wear. Oil Consumption. Seal Tests NBR 28.g. kg/test 5W-30 5W-40 MAN M 3275 10W-30 10W-40 3.05 max. 2. Oil Consumption. (Seq I/II/III) 180/90/180 max. XW-40 12 min. 20 max 10. 90 max. SAE 10W-40 with unconventional base oil (minimum 25% in fully formulated oil). av. (Seq I/II/III) Pass (See last page of this section) 15W-30 15W-40 -40 max.08 min.0 max. -27 max. SAE 5W-30. Other viscosity grades may be approved by agreement e.

% Flash Point (COC). avg. % Viscosity Increase. 15W-X -40 max. mm. 40°C. 100°C. 28. % m. % m. g/hr.Crankcase . 10 max. avg. Foaming Tendency. 9.5 max. 26 min. % Piston Cleanliness Sludge Cylinder Wear. OM 602A Viscosity Increase.08 min. XW-40 12 min. Sulphated Ash. Rate & Report Rate & Report 40 min. 60 max. points Cylinder Wear. 100°C.0 max. 3. kg. Cam Wear. % Soot in oil. 04/02 . % Bore Polishing. 2. -27 max. mg. 0. Note: Viscosity Grades Generally SAE 10W-40 using a minimum 25% of unconventional base oil. Pour Point. µm.5 min. 10/50/10 max. points Sludge Oil Consumption. 100 max.0 min. 13 max. Noack Evaporation Loss. Seal Tests NBR 28.s Viscosity after Shear.0 max. 9. (Seq I/II/III) Pass 120 max. mm2/s. % Soot in oil. nil after s. 2. °C.0 min. XW-30 9 min. Rate & Report Rate & Report 3. 0. 5W-X MAN M 3277 10W-X 3. Foam Stability. ml. 215 min. % m. µm.05 max. Zinc.0 max.0 max 10 max. Oil Consumption. Engine Tests OM 441LA Viscosity Increase. mPa.OEM Specification: MAN M 3277 Requirements SAE Viscosity Grades (J300) HTHS Viscosity. Total Deposits. SAE 5W-X to use unconventional base oil only. % Piston Cleanliness Bore Polishing. AK6 Turbocharger Deposits (MTU).008 max. % Visual Wear. 2. (Seq I/II/III) 180/90/180 max. 0.0 max. Ethylene Glycol. -30 max. °C.

5 min.15W-50. 0W-40. 20W-40/50. PV-1435 (b) Piston Cleanliness. SAE VW 500. HTHS. 106s-1 Seal Compatibility. 20W-X. ACEA. 15 max. M111E Evaporation Loss.01 G4 VW 505. 3. 3. As listed in Note (c) below Sulphated Ash.5 max.5 min. CCMC.00. Viscosity Grades.5 max. 13 max. 5W-X. 20W-40.OEM Specifications: Volkswagen 500. 15W-40/50. Intercooled T/C Diesel Sludge. 04/02 . 15 max. 20W-50 1. min. 15W-X.5 min. 5W-50 10W-30.10W-50. 150°C. (c) 13 max for SAE 5W-50.01.00 PD-2 VW 502.10W-60 15W-40.00 Requirements Performance Level. PV-9800 (VW 1302) PV-1449 (VW T4) Piston Cleanliness. min. ✔ ✔ (a) ✔ (a) (c) Notes: (a) Only required when sulphated ash is less than 1. 10W-50/60. 5W-40. % 1. PV-3344 Valve Train Wear.5 max. 3. 505.00 A2-96 or A3-96 0W-30. ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ 13 max. % m. 501. 502.5%. M102E Sludge. PV-5106 Piston Cleanliness/Wear.00. VW 501. 10W-30/40. ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ (c) 3.Crankcase .00 G5 5W-30 5W-40 10W-30 10W-40 1.10W-40. ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ 0W-X. 15 max for SAE 5W-30/40.5 min. 10W-X. (b) Not required when Intercooled T/C Diesel data is available. 5W-30.

Crankcase .5 max. % m. 10W-40 2. 5W-30.4 1. 04/02 .00 Requirements Performance Level.000km. or two years. M111E Sludge VW T4 (PV 1449) Fuel Economy (PV 1451) Cam and Tappet (PV 5106) RNT Wear Test VW DI Diesel (PV 1452) Seals Tests AK6 ACM VAMAC VW 503.               Notes: Based on Factory Fill Oil specification VW 521 73.00 A3-98 B4-98 0W-30. 13. 106 s-1 Sulphated Ash.00 VW 506. SAE HTHS.00.9 . or two years. 506. 150°C.00 is Service Fill for diesel engines with extended drain capability 50. from May 1999 (2000 model year). ACEA Viscosity Grades. Evaporation Loss. 10W-30. VW 503. 5W-40.000km.0 max. from May 1999 (2000 model year). % m. 0W-40. VW 506.00 is Service Fill for gasoline engines with extended drain capability 30.3.OEM Specifications: Volkswagen 503.

000 km. Oil consumption must not increase during the test. Test vehicles should be run on fuel with max.000 km. of the change interval are tested for viscosity at 100°C (ASTM D445). Wear rate must not increase during the test. with 50. for any individual liner). for the entire engine (100 cm2 max. oil and filter changes. 0. Field Trial Requirements 04/02 Crankcase . Bore polishing to be 300 cm2 max.000 and 50.Volvo Drain Specification (VDS) Performance Requirements API CD/CE Viscosities shall be 10W-30 or 15W-40. Oil samples taken after 15.7% by weight sulphur. Minimum of three trucks required equipped with Volvo 12 litre intercooled engine. 30.000 km. Field trial shall run for minimum 300. The values must not be less than: 9 cSt for 10W-30 12 cSt for 15W-40 TBN (ASTM D2896) value must not be less than 50% of the fresh oil value.000. (10W-30 approval includes 15W-40 but not vice versa).

7% by weight sulphur. Field trial shall run for minimum 300.Volvo Drain Specification (VDS) Performance Requirements API CD/CE Viscosities shall be 10W-30 or 15W-40.000 km. Field Trial Requirements 04/02 Crankcase . The values must not be less than: 9 cSt for 10W-30 12 cSt for 15W-40 TBN (ASTM D2896) value must not be less than 50% of the fresh oil value. for the entire engine (100 cm2 max. (10W-30 approval includes 15W-40 but not vice versa). with 50. 0. Test vehicles should be run on fuel with max.000.000 km. Bore polishing to be 300 cm2 max. Wear rate must not increase during the test. Oil samples taken after 15. Oil consumption must not increase during the test. of the change interval are tested for viscosity at 100°C (ASTM D445). for any individual liner). Minimum of three trucks required equipped with Volvo 12 litre intercooled engine. 30.000 and 50. oil and filter changes.000 km.

Volvo Drain Specification . and between 12 cSt. 10W40 or 15W40. Inspection and Evaluation Upon completion of the field test. Report Report Concentration must not increase during the test. Field Test Field test to be run for minimum of 300. Camshaft. During the test. Upon completion of the test. 30. 12 litre intercooled engine.000 and 60. oil samples are taken after 15. Report TBN (ASTM D4739): TAN (ASTM D664): Pentane Insolubles: Wear Metals: Additive elements: In addition. oil and fuel consumption are measured during the test. Tappets. Cleanliness of covers and oil sump also inspected. and 140% of the fresh oil value for XW-40 oils. Piston rings. 5W40. 04/02 Crankcase . whichever is the greater. 10W30. “read-across” to other viscosity grades. To meet the requirements of “Volvo Drain Specification-2” a field test as specified below is necessary. Value must not be less than 50% of the fresh oil value. with 60. Test oil shall be minimum ACEA E3 or API CG-4 of viscosity 5W30.000 km.000 km. oil change intervals. the following engine components are inspected:Pistons. of the change interval and checked with respect to:Viscosity at 100°C: (ASTM D445) To be between 9 cSt. Test Conditions Field test to involve a minimum of three trucks.2 (VDS-2) Oils meeting VDS-2 are recommended for Volvo truck engines meeting the 1996 European emission requirements. For oils qualified to VDS-2. Other viscosity grades can be accepted after agreement with Volvo. Rocker arms.000 km. Cylinder liners. Bearings.000.000. and 140% of the fresh oil value for XW-30 oils. VI improvers or base oils than those used in the field test can be accepted after agreement with Volvo. various engine parts shall be inspected and evaluated. Valves. oil consumption must not increase. Trucks used for the test to be equipped with Volvo TD 123 Series. or below 4. 45.

bore polish and ring wear. 120 max.000. 50. For VDS-3 oils sold outside Europe. European Long Haul Service only. 35 max. 25 max. GVW over 44t: Field test to commence before engine reaches 50. 04/02 Crankcase . 35 max. Max liner/piston per engine 40 max.000 km.Volvo Drain Specification . 120 max. ACEA E5-99 or DHD-1 performance to be demonstrated. 40 max. %) (avg. Limits are tiered according to two or three truck tests and cover Volvo VDS-2 and VDS-3 approval categories. For VDS-3 oils sold in Europe. For new VDS-3 trials to start . 4 x 75. 25 max.000. 40 min.000 km oil drains with oil samples taken at 0. two trucks minimum. 50. 140 max.3 (VDS-3) VDS-3 is the oil quality intended for Volvo Truck Euro 3 engines.000 km. Average 3 trucks 30 min.000. 25.000 km oil drains with oil samples taken at 0. 25. engine parts will be inspected for piston cleanliness.Mack EO-M+ limits in the Mack T9. %) 2 Bore Polish (Total. 20 max. 12 max. 15 max. 30 max. 100 max. Limits: On completion of field trial. GVW up to 44t: 3 x 100. 75. DHD-1 performance to be demonstrated for global markets or API CH4 for US market. %) 2 Bore Polish (Total.000 and 75. cm ) Draft Limits VDS-2: Piston Cleanliness (1st G + 2nd G + 2nd L) Ring Riding (max. 25 min.000 km. Engine: Field Test: Test Length and Drain Intervals: D12C (any version > 400 hp) fitted to FH12 or FM12 trucks. Draft Limits VDS-3: Piston Cleanliness (1st G + 2nd G + 2nd L) Ring Riding (max. Average 2 trucks 35 min. 30 max.000 and 100. %) (avg. cm ) Other Requirements: Average 2 trucks Average 3 trucks Max liner/piston per engine 30 max.

Cam Wear. 100 max. 35 min. 04/02 . Engine Sludge Oil Consumption. Hydrobromic Acid/Sea Water. 9. 28. 106s-1 Flash Point (COC).0 max. AK6 30 225 min. Viscosity Increase. SAE HTHS. 1. 2 Viscosity. 9 min.0 max. Single Grade 40 Multigrade 5W-30. % m. Zinc.0 .5 max. 24 min.0 . 1*. avg.0 max. mg KOH/g Viscosity after Shear.Physical Requirements Oil Types 1. 1. 150 max. 8. 12. 5W-40. 15W-40 Classification of Engine Oils: Oil Type 1: Normal quality (ACEA E1-96.5 max.OEM Specification: MTU MTL 5044 Engine Test Requirements Type 1/1* Bore Polishing. Type 1/1* 7.5 min. 15W-30 3. 24 min. NBR 28. Type 1* oils also require corrosion testing. 12.5 min.0 max. % Chemical . Deposits.0 max.0 max. 150°C. 10 max.0 min. See last page 12 min.2. % m. 13 max. % Piston Cleanliness Cylinder Wear. 10.0 max.2. 10 max. 10W-30. Chlorine. 10W-40. Sulphated Ash. E2-96) Oil Type 1*: Type 1 with increased corrosion inhibition.035 min. OM 364A Type 2 2. µm. Seals. Oil type 2: High quality (SHPD. Rate and Report only. 8 max. 10 max. 70 max. ACEA E3-96) Other tests required. ppm. TBN. Evaporation Loss.Crankcase . 20 min. 0. µm. 0. 150 max. See last page 14. 30. cSt. 90 max. 40°C. MTV5040. % m. 6 max.0 max. avg. mg.0 8 min.035 min. kg. 215 min.8 min. 9. 25.9 min. 8. OM 602A Type 2 4.0 8 min. °C.

max.Relative Importance of Test Criteria and Merit Calculations. Rate of Viscosity Increase. Ring Weight Loss (Nos.020 14 650 90 0. inches.5 600 100 - Mack T-7 Field Test Note: * Mack Merit Rating System . cSt. max. Oil Consumption Ring Weight Loss Proudness Viscosity Increase Piston Demerits % of Total Merits 25 25 20 20 10 04/02 .Crankcase .04 Limits Preferred 0.015 5.0010 150 0. Absolute 0. avg. * Total Merits.150 hr.OEM Specification: Mack EO-K/2 Test Mack T-6 Parameter Oil Consumption (2100 rpm).0014 200 0. using the product in Mack engines at Mack’s recommended drain intervals for 200. 1 and 2 avg). max. lb/BHP hr. min. Ring Proudness. max. 100 . cSt/hr. max. mg. Piston Demerits. To involve more than one vehicle. Viscosity Increase @ 99°C.000 miles. max.

max. Limits EO-L 0. inches.0005 Report 120 1.8 20 Viscosity increase 11. Application: 1997 Vehicle Model Year V-MAC II engines.OEM Specification: Mack EO-L / Mack EO-L Plus Test Mack T-6 Parameter Oil Consumption (2100 rpm). mg.00 EO-L Plus 0.0010 100 0.0005 Report 11.5 cSt. Cylinder liner wear.015 5. 0. lb/BHP hr. max. cSt. Miles per Gallon Mack Centri-Max Rotor & Oil Filtration System 04/02 . 13. min. mls. 1 and 2 avg).Crankcase . Approved lubricant supplier agrees to participate in the Mack EO-L Monitoring Program.2 40 2. avg. Ring Proudness. max.* TGA soot at end of test. max. max. % Pressure differential across oil filter assembly. Approvals: Preferred viscosity: SAE 15W-40 for Mack EO-L.015 5. TGA soot level Top ring weight loss.0 600 110 3. max. Base Oil Characterisation Analysis: Data to be presented. Ring Weight Loss (Nos.8 20 Mack T-8 Mack T-9 Note: * See EO-K/2 specification for explanation of Mack Merit Rating System. 0. PPM lead in 500hr oil analysis. max. max. av. 12. max. Viscosity Increase. VI Improver and base-stock properties. 13. mg. Total number of tests 1 2 3 Oil Consumption. max. Total Merits. max.5 cSt. max.5 cSt.5 cSt.0 600 120 3. Read across requests are evaluated on an individual basis depending on additive package. from minimum during test. 100°C. lb/BHP hr. Oil Viscosity Increase. max. Piston Demerits. max. 100°C. max. 6.0 cSt. PSI. min. max.0 min.0 cSt. EOT TBN (ASTM D4739). End of Test Oil Viscosity. min. 12. 15W-40 or 5W-40 (formulated with high VI base oil) for Mack EO-L Plus.0010 150 0.

2. KPa. 4.4 max. 79 8.5 max. 0.00 max.0 max.8% soot. mg. Increase in TAN Increase in TBN Cross Head Wear. max.Crankcase . Sludge Rating Cross Head Wear. Avg.8% soot Slope @ 4. Rate & Report Mack T-9 Cummins M11 (200 hr) Cummins M11 (300 hr) Sequence IIIE Note: (1) According to ring batch Application: Viscosity Grades: 12. 6. 3. SAE 10W-30. Increase in Lead. Relative Viscosity.0 max.OEM Specification: Mack EOM / Mack EOM Plus Test Mack T-8E (300 hr) Parameter Viscosity Increase.75 max. 15W-40 or SAE 5W-30. 0. cSt.8 max.75 max.5 max. ppm. Increase in Lead concentration. mg. 100/75(1) 25. 10W-40 using unconventional base oils.5 max.8% soot Top Ring Weight Loss. 6. 4. 0. 5W-40. 25 max.5 max. Viscosity Increase.7 EOM Plus 11. Filter Delta P.5% soot. 100 max.8% soot Slope @ 275 hours or 5. 3. 04/02 .5% soot. 400-500 hr. 120 25. Cylinder Liner Wear.1 max. V-MAC Engines Mack Centri-Max Rotor & Oil Filtration System. 20 max. µm.4 max. ppm. 64 hrs. 1. 10 max. % Limits EOM 11. 1. mg.

8% soot to Cummins 20076 limits (1 test: 1.85       20072 20076 CH4+ XW30 XW40 1. 04/02 .0 µm. Cummins 20072 • Test limits as per ACEA E3-96 plus Cummins M11 HST test to API CH4 limits.Cummins Engine Oil Specifications CES API ACEA SAE Viscosity Grades 20071 CH-4 10W30 15W40 1.5% soot .Crankcase . %.5                 E3-96 10W30 10W40 15W40 1. Cummins M11 . mg.0 max.85 E5-99 10W30 10W40 15W40 1.85 20077 Sulphated Ash.) OM602A . Mack T8E .Extended test limits for crosshead wear as per Cummins 20076. Tests Cummins M11 (200 hrs) Cummins M11 (300 hrs) Caterpillar 1P Caterpillar 1K Mack T-9 Mack T-8 (250 hrs) Mack T-8E (300 hrs) Roller Follower Wear Test Sequence IIIE HEUI Corrosion Bench Test OM 364A/LA OM 441LA OM 602A PDSC         Cummins 20071 • Test limits as per AP1 CH4 category except Caterpillar IP with relaxed oil consumption limits. 3 test: 2. Cummins 20076 • Test limits as per API CH4 category with the following modifications (ref table attached). Cummins 20077 • Test limits as per E5-99 category with the following modifications. max.Relative viscosity at 4.8 max.9 max.Cam Wear to 45.0 max. 2 test: 1. max. at 6.12. Crosshead Wear avg.

5 None 0. % vol.5 100 27. max. (200hrs) Differential Pressure/Oil Filter. max.9 347 27 5 0. Top Ring Weight Loss. WDK (Weighted Demerits . ppm.30 100 8. max. max. Increase in Lead Content. max. Liner Wear.1K). max. Viscosity Increase. Liner Scuffing Pin Wear. Increase. ppm.5 None 0.Cummins 20076 Engine Performance Criteria Test CES 20076 1P Primary Performance Criteria WDP (Weighted Demerits . max. %. Lead Increase from 400-500hrs max.0 2.1 144 31 13.5L IIIE HEUI Bench Corrosion 04/02 . 4. Viscosity Increase. Increase. Aeration Volume. Lead. Increase. %.7 79 25.5 1. max. Sludge.0 8. Relative Viscosity. max. max.8% soot cSt.0 20 120 50 3 T8-E 1K 6. ppm. Tin.Crankcase . 0-360 hours Final Oil Consumption. max. 6. TGC (Top Groove Carbon).4 120 20 11. %. Oil Consumption. Copper. max. % vol. mils.5% soot mg. max. kPa. Copper Corrosion. %. max. ppm. µm. mg.33 100 8. ppm. Piston.36 100 8. Ring.5 None 0.1P).0 20 120 50 3 3 M-11 (300hrs extended) T-9 8. TLHC (Top Land Heavy Carbon). Avg. max. min. Number of Test Runs 1 2 Report Report Report Report Report 12.0 353 29 5 0. max. max. 3. max.6 136 27 10 12. max.8 332 24 4 0. (200hrs) Avg. Oil Consumption.0 20 120 50 3 8. TLC (Top Land Carbon). TGF (Top Groove Fill). ASTM D130. max.5 1.6 93 26.8% soot max. g/bhp-hr. 336-360 hours Crosshead Weight Loss.

7.00 501.00 505.2/3 228. -30 max. 100% elongation after 30 mins.0 MPa min.01 502. 8.1. -40 max. -35% max.European OEM Seal Test Requirements for Automotive Engine Oils Test Conditions OEM Mercedes Benz Specs Sheets 229. (°C) 100 150 150 150 100 Time (Hrs) 168 168 168 168 168 Elongation Tensile (%) Strength (%) -35 max.0/1 228. -40 max. Report - PV 3344 AK6 ACM VAMAC 150 150 150 168 500 500 160 min. -30% max. -40 max.00 506.Crankcase .00 503. -50 max. -30 max. None Temp. -4/+10 -4/+10 - 04/02 . -40% max. 229. -20 max. -20% max.0/1 228.0 MPa min.3 227. -45 max.00 Test Method VDA 675301 Closed test cup Elastomer NBR 34 AK6 ACM E7503 EAM D8948-200 NBR 28 DIN 53521 AK6 150 168 -40 max. Test Limits Hardness (Shore-A) -8/+2 -5/+5 -2/+6 -5/+5 -10 max Volume (%) 0/+10 0/+5 -3/+10 0/+15 0/+10 Cracking - MAN Volkswagen PV 3344 AK6 150 282 160 min. -45 max. 271 M 3275 M 3277 500.5 270. -40 max. -5/+5 -2/+5 No cracks.

Driveline .

Flender AG Approval Requirements David Brown Number S1.Contents Driveline Automotive Gear: API Lubricant Service Designations SAE J306 Automotive Gear Viscosity Classification MIL-L-2105D Viscosity Classification Defence Standard 91-59/1 MACK GO-H Requirements MACK GO-J and GO-J PLUS Requirements MACK TO .12 ZF Specifications: Master List Industrial Gear: AGMA 9005-D94 Viscosity Grades and Specification A.F.4 Requirements Ford MERCON® Specification General Motors Allison C-4 Specification General Motors DEXRON® II.A PLUS Requirements MAN 341 Specification MAN 342 Specification MAN 3343 Specification MIL-L-2105D/E Performance Requirements MT-1 Category Tests and Acceptance Criteria Scania STO: 1 Volvo Transmission Oil Specification 1273.53 101 Specification DIN 51517 Part 3 Specification AISE (US Steel) 224 Requirements Comparison of Industrial Gear Oil Specifications Automatic Transmission Fluids: Caterpillar TO .07 and 1273. IIE and III Specifications .

transmission and differential lubricants were described in qualitative terms and by a variety of designations. American Petroleum Institute. gears of different designs are available for a variety of different service conditions. to assist manufacturers and users of automotive equipment in the selection of transmission and axle lubricants for the operating conditions as described. therefore. each one attempting to describe both the lubricant and the service conditions under which the lubricant must perform. These designations also recognise the possibility that lubricant may be developed for more than one service classification and as a result may be so designated. defoamers. Oxidation and rust inhibitors. Marketing Department. particularly those for hypoid gears. Consideration of these lubricant designations to a minimum number was deemed highly desirable in the light of present day technology. Designates the type of service characteristic of manual transmissions and spiral-bevel axles operating under moderately severe conditions of speed and load. This “test language” was developed by Section III of Technical Division B on Automotive Lubricants of ASTM Committee D-2. In developing the language for the service classifications. API-GL-2 API-GL-3 04/02 Driveline . These service conditions require a lubricant having load carrying capacities greater than those which will satisfy API-GL-1 service. Until recently. Selection of a lubricant for specific applications involves careful consideration of the operating conditions and the chemical and physical characteristics of the lubricant to meet these service conditions. prepared six lubricant service designations for automotive manual transmissions and axles. and pour depressants may be utilised to improve the characteristics of lubricants for this service. a need was recognised to supplement the descriptions for certain gear lubricants. but below the requirements of lubricants satisfying API-GL-4 service. These designations are as follows:API-GL-1 Designates the type of service characteristic of automotive spiral-bevel and worm-gear axles and some manually operated transmissions operating under such mild conditions of low unit pressures and sliding velocities. This system of designations replaced all previous API gear lubricant designations and became effective May 1. and particularly in rear axles. and reference is made to these test procedures in the API service designations described below. In transmissions. 1969. each designation referring to the performance required of a gear lubricant for a specific type of automotive service. by referring to a series of tests which would serve as a “test language” to provide more detailed information on the performance requirements of such lubricant.API Lubricant Service Designation for Automotive Manual Transmission(1) & Axles This material was prepared by the Lubricants service Classification Task Force of the Fuels and Lubricants Committee. The American Petroleum Institute. Frictional modifiers and extreme pressure agents shall not be utilised. Designates the type of service characteristic of automotive type worm-gear axles operating under such conditions of load temperature and sliding velocities. that straight mineral oil can be used satisfactorily. that lubricants satisfactory for API-GL-1 service will not suffice.

Automatic or semi-automatic transmissions. shock-load. but the equipment required for the anti-scoring test procedures to verify lubricant performance is no longer available. high-torque conditions. Lubricants suitable for this service are those which provide anti-score protection equal to or better than that defined by CRC Reference Gear Oil RGO-110 and have been subjected to the test procedures and provide the performance levels described in ASTM STP-512A dated March 1987(2). 04/02 Driveline . Designates the type of service characteristic of gears. low-torque. fluid couplings.API Lubricant Service Designation API-GL-4 This classification is still used commercially to describe lubricants. particularly hypoid in passenger cars and other automotive equipment operated under high-speed. Limited .” Note: API GL-4 oils are not suitable for highly-loaded hypoid axles. high-torque conditions. API GL-4 oils are used in synchronised manual transmissions and transaxles as well as in mild hypoid and spiral bevel axles. The equipment used to measure performance is no longer available. Lubricants suitable for this service are those which provide anti-score protection equal to or better than that defined by CRC Reference Gear Oil RGO-105 and have been subjected to the test procedures and provide the performance levels described in ASTM STP-512A. particularly hypoid(2) in passenger cars and other automotive type of equipment operated under high-speed. and low-speed. low-torque. torque converters. Information helpful in evaluating lubricants for this type of service may be found in the latest edition of ASTM & STP-512A. and tractor hydraulic systems usually require special lubricants. API-GL-6 This category is obsolete and is listed for historical reference only.slip differentials generally have special lubricant requirements. dated March 1987(3). For the proper lubricant to be used. API-GL-5 Designates the type of service characteristic of gears. consult the manufacturer or lubricant supplier. high-speed. and low-speed. Footnotes: (1). (3). The complete publication is titled “Laboratory Performance Tests for Automotive Gear Lubricants intended for API-GL-5 Service. The lubricant supplier shall be consulted regarding the suitability of their lubricant for such differentials. (2).

1 -40 -45 150 80W-90 13.s.0 13. min. max temp °C Channel Point.0 41.5 24.0 No requirement 7.SAE J306 Automotive Gear Viscosity Classification 70W Viscosity at 100°C min.5 24.0 13.000 mPa.0 80 7.0 250 41. KV100 after Shear.0 -12 -20 180 04/02 .Driveline .1 75W 80W Axle and Manual Transmission Lubricant Viscosity Classification 85W 11. mm2/s Viscosity of 150.1 -12 11. 4.0 No requirement -40 4. °C 4.0 41.0 -55 4. mm2/s Viscosity of 150. mm2/s max.1 7.0 85 11.0 No req. mm2/s 4. max temp °C 20 hr.0 41. min. KRL Shear (CRC L-45-T-93).000 mPa.0 140 24.5 90 13.5 24.0 11.1 -26 7.0 11.s.0 MIL-PRF-2105E Specification 75W Viscosity at 100°C min. °C Flash Point.0 -26 -35 165 85W-140 24. mm2/s max.

min. max. ml.Driveline . Detection of Copper Corrosion Copper Strip Classification max Condition of Copper Strip Detection of Steel Corrosion Appearance of test piece Foaming tendency and stability characteristics: Sequence I.0 The performance of the oil shall be superior to that of the CRC reference oil RGO 104 The performance of the oil shall be superior to that of the CRC reference oil RGO 110 0.0 2.5 24. Viscosity Index. Annex B Note: (1) Test facilities for these tests are available at DQA/TS Woolwich.0 3.0 150 000 - Test Method Visual Examination BS 2000 Part 71 or ASTM D445: IP 71 ASTM 2270. Sequence III. Toluene Insolubles % m/m. max. max. @ -40°C max. max. Change in total acid number mg KOH/g. Low Temperature Viscosity: mPa.1 85 150 000 13.25 0. max. max. max. This specification is currently (March 2000) under review. max.1 IP 239 10 second run Ball Pot Maintained at 75 ± 1°C Load 40 kg Running Period 60 mins Annex A BS 2000: Part 71 or ASTM D445: IP 71 BS 2000: Part 177 or ASTM D664: IP 177 ASTM D 893 Procedure B ASTM D 893 Procedure B IP 232 Procedure B (1) 3 No pitting or etching No rusting or pitting 20/0 20/0 50/0 50/0 20/0 20/0 See clause 6. ml. IP 226 ASTM D2983 BS 2000 Part 154 or ASTM D130: IP 154 3 hrs at 121°C BS 2000 Part 135 ASTM D665: IP 135 Procedure A BS 2000 Part 146 ASTM D892/IP 146 See clause 6. max. High Torque test Condition of Gear Teeth Condition of Half-Shaft and Axle Housing High speed shock 100 3. Additive Elements Extreme Pressure Properties Mean Hertz Load.DEF STAN 91-59/1 Lubricating Oil. Average Wear Scar Diameter mm max. ml. max. min.5 Thermal oxidation stability (TOST) Kinematic viscosity @ 100°C increase percent.s @ -26°C max. Liquid % volume. 2 Limits OEP-38 OEP-220 Clear homogenous and free from visual impurities 4. 04/02 . The above requirements are absolute and not subject to correction for tolerance of test method. Pentane Insolubles % m/m.50 The Chrysler Avenger test rig has been found suitable (1) Storage Stability Solid % m/m. Extreme Pressure Grades 75W and 80W90: Joint Service Designation OEP-38 and OEP-220 Respectively Property Appearance Kinematic Viscosity mm /s @100°C min.1 75 0. kg. Sequence II.

max. beaker for 100 hrs. % Viscosity Increase at 99°C. max. SAE 80W-90 and SAE 85W-140 oils Parameters Condition of cams and divider wedges: Breakage Chipping Scoring Hard snaps during test Full approval required Immersion at 93°C for 100 hours: Appearance Blistering Gum Tackiness Brittleness Swelling Sample heated for 6 hours at 150°C. The oil shall be stable and contain no abrasive or corrosive ingredients. Minimum B 10 life of 50% above the GO-G reference No missed shifts and no measurable shifter fork wear at the centre of the pads Limits none none none none MIL-L-2105D Test for Transmission and Carrier Radial Lip Seal 5 GT 75 as original none none none none none Timken Bearing Corrosion 09196 Thermal Oxidation Stability none 10 15 0. SAE 140. 04/02 .MACK GO-H Test Power Divider Snap Test 5GT11 Covering SAE 90. max.000 cycles Gear Oil Spalling Test 5 GT 71A Transmission Test for Evaluation of Thermally Stable Gear Oils 5 GT 73 Note: The lubricant must be a blend from well-refined virgin base stocks (high viscosity index . % Precipitation Number. max.Driveline . Rust at end of test. at 150°C in a gravity convection oven Evaporation Loss. Bearing dipped in sample and drained for 1 hr Bearing placed in humidity cabinet for 3 hrs @ 60°C in 100% humidity.) compounded with load-carrying and lubricity ingredients.95 min. 200g/sample in uncovered 400 ml.65 160 hours minimum Minimum 65.

1 Method 3430.7 Section 3.MACK GO-J and GO-J Plus Extended Drain (GO-J Plus) Highway (Class A.5 3. test (2) (2) (2) (2) 3. C. Change Not Required * Required 3.000 Miles or 1 Year 6 Months Extended Drain Limits (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) Gear Oil Requirements Standard Drain (GO-J) 250.8 Section 3.000 Miles or 2 Years 40. Test No.4 (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) 1. Vocational (Class AA.000 Miles or 3 Years 80.Driveline .6 3.9 Section 3.11 500.000 Miles or 1 Year 6 Months Standard Drain Limits (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) Comment Section Section Section Section Section 100 hr.10 Section 3. Change (2) Stay in Grade 17% Max. CC)(1) Off-Road (Class D)(1) Test Rust Protection Copper Corrosion Foaming Tendencies Oil Seal Compatibility PG2 Oil Seal Compatibility Thermal Capability SS+C Storage Stability Compatibility Surface Protection Surface Protection Cyclic Durability Test Power Divider Snap Test Tapered Bearing Shear Spalling Test Wet Axle Gear Durability Field Testing Monitoring Program Procedure ASTM L33 ASTM D130 ASTM D892 ASTM D5662 ASTM D5662 ASTM L-60-1 Fed. BB.2 ASTM L42 ASTM L37 ASTM D5579 MAT 700 WI DIN 51 350 Part 6.3 3. (2) ML-PRF-2105E Limits 04/02 .000 miles Required Notes: (1) Vehicle classification as determined for Mack Trucks’ vehicle warranty. Test C MAT 701 WI ASTM L-37 (Modified) MAT XXX WI B)(1) 500. 791C Method 3440.5 times(2) Stay in Grade 17% Max.

B)(1) 500. CC)(1) Off-Road (Class D) A. C. 791C Method 3430. Test C ASTM D5182 ASTM D97 Extended Drain Limits ASTM D5760 Limits ASTM D5760 Limits ASTM D5760 Limits 1. 17% Max.000 Miles or 1 Year Not Available Test Copper Corrosion Foaming Tendencies Oil Seal Compatibility Thermal Capability Cyclic Durability Compatibility Tapered Bearing Shear Scuffing Resistance (FZG) Field Test Monitoring Program Pour Point Procedure ASTM D130 ASTM D892 ASTM D5662 ASTM L-60-1 ASTN D5579 Fed.000 Miles or 3 Years 80.2 3.A Plus Transmission Oil Requirements Extended Drain (TO-A Plus) Highway (Class Vocational (Class AA.Driveline . Change ASTM D5760 Limit 500.5 X ASTM D5760 Limits MIL-PRF-2105E Limits Stay in Grade.4 3. Test No.3 3. BB.MACK TO .5 Note: (1) Vehicle classification as determined for Mack Trucks’ warranty.2 DIN 51 350 Part 6.000 miles Required -40°C minimum Comment Section Section Section Section - 3. 04/02 .

mm2/s Change in TAN. Total Acid No. min. mg/kg Phosphorus. min. °C. Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III MAN Seal Tests (168hr: 100°C NBR-28.3/90) FZG PITS Test (Ci80 TS) Field Test for SL Grades (half with retarders) Note: (1) Must be in grade: SAE 75W80W = 7. 3 Runs. mg KOH/g Boron Content. Viscosity at 100°C after Shear (20hr. KRL).5 Stay in Grade 200 -21 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass 90 Report Report 13. Oxidation Stability (160°C/200hr) ..49 mm2/s.s. 150°C AK6 & ACM 121433) Testing Required for new Additive Technologies API GL-4 Performance FZG Pitting (C/8.0 to 10. mg KOH/g Sludge Formation Steel Corrosion (DIN 51355 Method B).0 to 13. 04/02 .0 190 -27 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass 80W90 Report -26 Report 13. % mass Chlorine. FZG Micropitting Test (C/8.000 mPa. Copper Corrosion (3 hrs at 120°C).CEC-L-48 Viscosity Increase @ 100°C. min.Driveline N and ML 80W Report -26 Report 7. Hours. mg/Kg. mm2/s Flash Point. Foaming Tendency/Stability. max. max. ml.000 Km . mm2/s. max. °C. mm2/s Kinematic Viscosity at 100°C.5 200 -21 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass SL 75W80W 75W85W Report -40 Report (1) 190 -40 Report Report Report 50 2 max 2 max None 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass Meet 90 Report > 2 x Reference Oil (Mobil NB80) 400. max.99 mm2/s.5 190 -27 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass 85W90 Report -12 Report 13. max. SAE 75W85W = 11.°C Kinematic Viscosity at 40°C. Pour Point.MAN 341 Specification Type SAE Viscosity Class Density at 15°C. g/ml Maximum Temperature at which the Brookfield Viscosity is 150.3/90).

max. mg KOH/g Sludge Formation Steel Corrosion (DIN 51355 Method B) Copper Corrosion (3 hrs at 120°C). Total Acid No. 150°C AK6 & ACM 121433) 80W Report -26 Report 7. Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III MAN Seal Tests (168hr: 100°C NBR-28. mm2/s Flash Point. mg/kg. mm2/s Kinematic Viscosity at 100°C. 3 Runs.3/90). Viscosity at 100°C after Shear (20hr KRL).000 Km 04/02 .0 190 -27 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass N and ML 80W90 Report -26 Report 13. mm2/s.5 200 -21 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass SL 75W90 Report -40 Report 13. min.5 Stay in Grade 200 -21 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass 90 Report Report 13.5 190 -27 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass 85W90 Report -12 Report 13. mm2/s Change in Total Acid Number. min.MAN 342 Specification Type SAE Viscosity Class Density at 15°C. max. max. max. °C. 2 max.000 Km Meet 90 Report > 2 x Reference Oil (Mobil NB80) 400. mg KOH/g Boron Content.5 190 -40 Report Report Report 50 2 max. Pour Point. None 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass Testing Required for new Additive Technologies API GL-5 Performance FZG Pitting (C/8. Hours. Oxidation Stability (160°C/200hr) -CEC-L-48 Viscosity Increase @ 100°C. mg/kg Phosphorus.3/90) FZG PITS Test (Ci80 TS) Field Test for SL Grades samples every 50. % mass Chlorine.°C Kinematic Viscosity at 40°C. FZG Micropitting Test (C/8. g/ml Maximum Temperature at which the Brookfield Viscosity is 150.s.Driveline . min. Foaming Tendency/Stability. °C.000 mPa. ml..

150°C AK6 & ACM 121433) 80W Report -26 Report 7.5 200 -21 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass SL 75W90 Report -40 Report 13. mg/kg.5 190 -27 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass 85W90 Report -12 Report 13.°C Kinematic Viscosity at 40°C.0 190 -27 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass N and ML 80W90 Report -26 Report 13. 3 Runs. Viscosity at 100°C after Shear (20hr KRL). max.000 mPa. Oxidation Stability (160°C/200hr) . min. °C.Driveline . Foaming Tendency/Stability. °C.MAN 3343 Specification Type SAE Viscosity Class Density at 15°C. max. ml. mm2/s.CEC-L-48 Viscosity Increase @ 100°C.5 190 -40 Report Report Report 50 2 max 2 max None 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass Testing Required for new Additive Technologies API GL-5 Performance FZG Pitting (C/8.s. min. mg KOH/g Boron Content. FZG Micropitting Test (C/8. mm2/s Change in Total Acid Number.5 Stay in Grade 200 -21 Report Report Report 50 Report Report Report 1 1B 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass 90 Report Report 13. g/ml Maximum Temperature at which the Brookfield Viscosity is 150. Copper Corrosion (3 hrs ar 120°C). Pour Point.000 Km 04/02 .. max. Hours. max. Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III MAN Seal Tests (168hr: 100°C NBR-28. mg KOH/g Sludge Formation Steel Corrosion (DIN 51355 Method B). % mass Chlorine. mg/kg Phosphorus.3/90) FZG PITS Test (Ci80 TS) Field Test for SL Grades (half with retarders) Meet 90 Report > 2 x Reference Oil (Mobil NB80) 400.3/90). mm2/s Flash Point. min. mm2/s Kinematic Viscosity at 100°C. Total Acid No. max.

max. 04/02 . % Pentane Insolubles.Low Speed CRC L-42 High Speed-Shock Loading Axle Test ASTM D-130 Copper Strip Corrosion Ring & Pinion Tooth Scoring. max. % Rust on Coverplate. max. Lower L-37 and L-42 test temperatures are required for 75W oils. max. max. % Toluene Insolubles.Driveline . % “Green” Gears “Lubrited” Gears 75W 100 3 2 0 1 Pass Pass 80W-90 100 3 2 0 1 Pass Pass August 1987 85W-140 100 3 2 0 1 NR NR CRC L-33. 7 Day Moisture Corrosion CRC L-37 High Speed .Low Torque High Torque . 3 Notes: NR: Not Required. max.Performance Requirements for MIL-L-2105D (GL-5) Lubricants SAE Viscosity Grade CRC L-60 Thermal Oxidation Stability 100°C Viscosity Increase @ 50 hrs. if 80W90 passes in the same base stock. % Equal to or better than RGO 110-90 3 3 NR Strip Rating. % Rust on Gear Teeth Bearings. max.

Rating Rust on Gear Teeth Bearings.5 9. max. % Toluene Insolubles.. % Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III Method 3340 75W 100 3 2 7..Low Torque High Torque .4 0 1 Pass Pass November 1997 85W140 100 3 2 7.Driveline .. min.5 9. if 80W90 passes in the same base stock. % “Green Gears” “Lubrited” Gears Ring and Pinion Tooth Scoring. of Cycles Strip Rating. % No. max. Lower L-37 and L-42 Test Temperatures are required for 75W oils.Low Speed CRC L-42 High Speed-Shock Loading Axle Test Cycle Durability MACK Cycling Test ASTM D-130 Copper Corrosion/3 hrs @ 121°C Elastomer Compatibility Polyacrylate + Fluoroelastomer @ 150°C for 240 hrs ASTM D892 Foam Tendency/Stability..4 0 1 Pass Pass 80W90 100 3 2 7.. % Hardness Change. Points Volume Change. max. ml. max.5 9. Elongation Change. Rating Sludge. 04/02 ..4 0 1 NR NR NR CRC L-33.. max. Equal to or better than TMC 110 Equal to or better than average of past 5 reference runs. 7 Day Moisture Corrosion CRC L-37 High Speed . max. % Carbon Varnish. max. max. 3 Polyacrylate -60 -25 to + 5 -5 to + 30 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass 3 3 Fluoroelastomer -75 -5 to + 10 -5 to + 15 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass 20/0 50/0 20/0 Pass SS&C FTM 791 Storage Stability & Compatibility Notes: NR: Not required. max. % Pentane Insolubles. % Rust on Coverplate. min.Performance Requirements for MIL-L-2105E Lubricants SAE Viscosity Grade CRC L-60-1 Thermal Oxidation Stability 100°C Viscosity Increase @ 50 hrs.

Method 3430. 15096. for storage solubility characteristics of Universal Gear Lubricant Minimum Maximum 7. % Toluene Insolubles. points Volume change. Warrendale.0 +30 No limits +10 +15 Better than passing reference oil -60 -20 -5 -75 -5 -5 - - 2a 11 - Compatible with MIL-L-2105D oils(1) Pass(2) 20 50 20 - Notes: (1) Shall be compatible with specific reference oils when tested in accordance with Federal Test Method 3430. ml Sequence III. 240 hours Elongation change.5 9. 400 Commonwealth Drive. (2) Shall pass the performance requirements as specified in the MIL-L-2105D specification when tested in accordance with Federal Test Method 3440. points Volume change. % Hardness change. Pennsylvania.4 100 3. 04/02 .Driveline . Method 3440. Reference oils may be obtained from SAE. % Test method for evaluating the thermal stability of manual transmission lubricants in a Cyclic Durability Test Cycles to fail Test method D130 for detection of copper corrosion from petroleum products by the Copper Strip Tarnish Test.2. ml Federal Test Method 791C.1.1.0 - No limits +5. % Pentane Insolubles. 121°C. % Fluoroelastomer @ 150°C.MT-1 Category Tests and Acceptance Criteria Test Test method for Evaluation of the Thermal and Oxidative Stability of Lubricants used for Manual Transmissions and Final Drive Axles L-60-1 Viscosity Increase.0 2. for compatability characteristics of Universal Gear Lubricant Federal Test Method 791C. % Hardness change. 3 hours Test Method D5182 for evaluating the scuffing (scoring) load capacity of oils Failing load stage Test Method D892 for foaming characteristics of lubricating oils (tendency only) Sequence I. ml Sequence II.2. 240 hours Elongation change. % Carbon/Varnish Rating Sludge Rating Test method for determining Automotive Gear Oil compatibility with Typical Oil Seal Elastomers Polyacrylate @ 150°C.

(on large gear only) Sludge = 9. (on both gears) 04/02 .Scania STO: 1 Type Gear Oil STO(1) 1:0 Requirements API API Shear Stability 20 hr KRL Shear (CRC-L-45-T-93) Filterability Thermal and Oxidation Stability.0 bar pressure Carbon varnish = 7. ASTM L-60-1(2) Notes: (1) Scania Gear Oil (2) MIL-PRF-2105E Limits Limits GL-5 GL-5 Viscosity change (%) less than or equal to RL181 Minimum 90% in stage 2 of CETOP RP124H using 5µm filter and 1.5 min.Driveline .4 min.

Synchronization Properties Seal Compatibility Load Carrying Capacity. max. % Viscosity at -40°C. max. max. Copper Corrosion. mm2/s min. max. max. max. ml/ml Sequence I/II/III. Water Content. min. Surface Fatigue. Oxidation Stability after 160°C/200h Viscosity Increase.07 Test Density. ppm.1 1B No rust No rust Test Method ASTM D1298 ASTM D92 ASTM D97 ASTM D445 ASTM D445 CEC L-45-T-93 ASTM D2983 Flash Point. kg/m 3 Limits To be stated 200 -48 9 12 5 150. mPa. gears Field Tests CEC L-48-A-95 ASTM D130 ASTM D665 A ASTM D665 A CEC L-48-A-95 ASTM D892 ASTM D1744 ISO 4406 VTM-02-95(2) CEC L-07-A-95 VTM-01-96(2) VTM-03-95(2) 50/0 200 18/13. Viscosity Loss after Shearing. max. °C Pour Point. max.000 10 1. min. Insoluble in Pentane. 150°C Rust Protection 24h Rust Protection after Oxidation Foaming Tendency.000 engagements (2) Volvo Test Method 04/02 . code. 20h. load stage. 3h. max. °C Viscosity at 100°C. Solid Particles. max. 100°C. max. % Tan Increase. COC.Volvo Transmission Oil Specification 1273. % by mass.Driveline . mg KOH/mg. (1) Pass 12 + 50% better than reference oil 400.s.000 km Notes: (1) The oil shall be tested in the Volvo test rig with approved results after 300.0 0.

Flash Point. min. mPa. Viscosity Loss after Shearing. max. °C Pour Point. Copper Corrosion.5 18 5 150. Oxidation Stability after 120°C/200h Viscosity Increase. 20h.000 10 1. Water Content. max.12 Test Density. mg KOH/mg.0 0. Solid Particles. max. COC. 120°C Rust Protection 24h Rust Protection after Oxidation Foaming Tendency. mm2/s. min. °C Viscosity at 100°C. 100°C. % Tan Increase. max. % by mass.Volvo Transmission Oil Specification 1273.000 km 04/02 . 3h. API Seal Compatibility Surface Fatigue.2 1B No rust No rust Test Method ASTM D1298 ASTM D92 ASTM D97 ASTM D445 ASTM D445 CEC L-45-T-93 ASTM D2983 CEC L-48-A-95 ASTM D130 ASTM D665 A ASTM D665 A CEC L-48-A-95 ASTM D892 ASTM D1744 ISO 4406 VTM-02-95(1) VTM-01-96(1) VTM-03-95(1) 50/0 200 18/13 GL-5 Pass 50% better than reference oil 400. % Viscosity at -40°C. gears Field Tests Note: (1) Volvo Test Method Limits kg/m3 To be stated 200 -48 13. max. code. max. ppm. ml/ml Sequence I/II/III.Driveline . max. max.s max. max. Insoluble in pentance. max.

MERCON M. SAE 10W / 30 Caterpillar TO-4 . MIL-L-2105 Class 02B Gear oils in accordance with ZFN 13019 Class 02C Class 02D Class 02F TE-ML 03 Torque convertor transmissions for off-road vehicles and machinery (construction plant. SAE 10W / 10W30 / 10W40 / MIL-L-2104C/D/E MIL-L-46152C/D/E. MIL-L-2105 or API GL-5. MIL-L2104C/D/E. 15W40 / 20W20 Caterpillar TO-4 . John Deere JDM J20C SAE 10W / 30 SAE 10W30 ® ® DEXRON IID / III.ZF Specifications: Master List ZF List TE-ML 01 Description Required Performance Viscosity Grades SAE 80W / 80W85W / 80W90 / 85W90 / 90 SAE 30 / 40 Manual non-synchronised API GL-4. constant-mesh transmissions MIL-L-2105D for commercial vehicles API CD / CE / CF / SF / SG. MIL-L46152C/D/E TE-ML 02 Manual and automatic transmissions for trucks and buses Class 02A API GL-4. special vehicles. John Deere JDM J20C SAE 10W30 Monograde engine oils – API CD / CE / CF-4 / CF / SF / SG / SH / SJ or ACEA SAE 30 (SAE 40 in hot countries) categories A / B / E Monograde engine oils in accordance with SAE 30 (SAE 40 in hot countries) ZFN 13024 Multigrade engine oils in accordance with SAE 10W40 / 15W40 ZFN 13024 Mineral oil based & semi-synthetic gear oils in accordance with ZFN 13011 Synthetic gear oils in accordance with ZFN 13011 Mineral oil based gear oils in accordance with ZFN 13011 with limited slip additives Synthetic gear oils in accordance with ZFN 13011 with limited slip additives SAE 75W90 / 75W140 / 80W90 / 80W140 / 85W90 / 85W140 / 90 SAE 75W90 / 75W140 SAE 75W90 / 75W140 / 80W90 / 80W140 / 85W90 / 84W140 / 90 SAE 75W90 / 75W140 Class 04B Class 04C TE-ML 05 Axles for off-road vehicles Class 05A Class 05B Class 05C Class 05D TE-ML 06 Class 06A Class 06B Class 06C TE-ML 07 Class 07A Class 07B Class 07C Class 07D Hydrostatic & mechanical drives & electric drive systems Tractor transmissions and hydraulic lifts Engine oils – API CD / CE / CF-4 / CF / SF SG / SH / SJ or ACEA categories A / B / E STOU in accordance with ZFN 13022 (braking test) STOU in accordance with ZFN 13022 SAE 20W20 SAE 10W30 / 10W40 / 15W30 / 15W40 / 20W40 SAE 10W30 / 10W40 / 15W30 / 15W40 / 20W40 Gear oils in accordance with ZFN 13016 STOU in accordance with ZFN 13022 Lubricating oils in accordance with ZFN 13012 Engine oils – API CD / CE / CF-4 / CF / SF / SG / SH / SJ or ACEA categories A/B/E SAE 80W85 / 80W90 / 80W140 / 85W90 / 85W140 / 90 SAE 10W30 / 10W40 / 15W30 / 15W40 / 20W40 SAE 10W30 / 10W40 / 15W30 / 15W40 SAE 20W20 / 30/ 5W30 / 5W40 / 10W30 / 10W40 / 15W30 / 15W40 for powershift transmissions SAE 10W40 / 15W40 for mobile mixer drives 04/02 .Driveline . lift trucks) TE-ML 04 Marine transmissions Class 04A SAE 80W / 80W85W/80W90 SAE 80W / 80W85W / 80W90 / 75W80 / 75W85 / 75W90 Engine oils in accordance with ZFN 13020 SAE 30 / 40 Semi-synthetic & synthetic gear oils SAE 75W80 / 75W85 / 75W90 in accordance with ZFN 13010 ATF in accordance with ZFN 13015 API CD / CE / CF / SF / SG.

19HLA.12D Axles & differentials with multi disc self locking differentials – 12C & 12D Mineral oil based & semi-synthetic gear oils in accordance with ZFN 13016 Synthetic gear oils in accordance with ZFN 13016 Mineral oil based gear oils in accordance with ZFN 13016 with limited slip additives Synthetic gear oils in accordance with ZNF 13016 with limited slip additives ZF assemblies in special purpose vehicles Automatic transmissions for commercial vehicles Mineral oil based ATFs in accordance with ZFN 13015 Semi-synthetic ATFs in accordance with ZFN 13015 Synthetic ATFs in accordance with ZFN 13015 Recommended alternatives from the passenger car application : Mineral oil based ATFs in accordance with ZFN 13015 Brake systems for special vehicles SAE 75W90 / 75W140 / 80W90 / 80W140 / 85W90 / 85W140 / 90 SAE 75W90 / 75W140 SAE 75W90 / 75W140 / 80W90 / 80W140 / 85W90 / 85W140 / 90 SAE 75W90 / 75W140 Class 12A Class 12B Class 12C Class 12D TE-ML 13 TE-ML 14 Class 14A Class 14B Class 14C Class 14D TE-ML 15 04/02 . commercial vehicles & off-road vehicles Required Performance Viscosity Grades Class 08A TE-ML 09 Steering systems and oil pumps for cars. commercial vehicles and buses. commercial vehicles & off-road vehicles Gear oils (API GL-4. 24. 18FLE. MIL-L-2105) SAE 75W80 / 75W85 / 75W90 / 80W / 80W85 / 80W90 Class 09A Class 09B TE-ML 10 Transmatic for cars and commercial vehicles TE-ML 11 Manual and automatic transmissions for cars Steering system with ZF Vane pump – ATF Other versions – ATF API CD / CE / CF/ SF / SG.22EH.24A&30: LT71141 TE-ML 12 Axles for cars.22HL. MIL-L2104C SAE 20W20 (10W & 30 grade /D/E. MIL-L46152C/D/E for hot (>-10°C) or cold (<-10°C) ambient conditions for 3 DS 18 + WSK 244 * S5-28 & S5-31 : Esso ATF D21065 * S5-31 & S5-39 : Esso Gear Oil 304 * 3HP22&22Q. Axles.19FL.5HP18.12C.12B.18Q.22.24&24A: Approved ATFs under 11A & 11B * 4HP20.4HP14Q. differentials.19FLA.Driveline .ZF Specifications: Master List ZF List TE-ML 08 Description Steering systems (non-power assisted) for cars.12A.18FL. wheel heads & wheel hubs .18FLA.

1 2 3 4 5 6 *7 Compounded *8 Compounded *8A Compounded Viscosity Range cSt (mm2/s) @ 40°C 41.2 to 74.4 to 50. 04/02 .6 61.8 90 to 110 135 to 165 198 to 242 288 to 352 414 to 506 612 to 748 900 to 1100 Equivalent ISO Grade 46 68 100 150 220 320 460 680 1000 Viscosity Ranges for AGMA Lubricants Extreme Pressure Gear Lubricants AGMA Lubricant No. 2 EP 3 EP 4 EP 5 EP 6 EP 7 EP 8 EP 8A EP Notes: Viscosity Ranges for AGMA Lubricant numbers will henceforth be identical with those of the ASTM system. * Oils compounded with 3% to 10% fatty or synthetic fatty oils.D94 Rust and Oxidation Inhibited Gear Oils AGMA Lubricant No.AGMA 9005 .Driveline .

AGMA 9005 - D94
Rust and Oxidation Inhibited Gear Oils AGMA Lubricant No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 *7 Compounded *8 Compounded *8A Compounded Viscosity Range cSt (mm2/s) @ 40°C 41.4 to 50.6 61.2 to 74.8 90 to 110 135 to 165 198 to 242 288 to 352 414 to 506 612 to 748 900 to 1100 Equivalent ISO Grade 46 68 100 150 220 320 460 680 1000

Viscosity Ranges for AGMA Lubricants
Extreme Pressure Gear Lubricants AGMA Lubricant No. 2 EP 3 EP 4 EP 5 EP 6 EP 7 EP 8 EP 8A EP

Notes: Viscosity Ranges for AGMA Lubricant numbers will henceforth be identical with those of the ASTM system. * Oils compounded with 3% to 10% fatty or synthetic fatty oils.

04/02 - Driveline

AGMA 9005 - D94
Property Viscosity Viscosity Index Oxidation Stability Test Procedure ASTM D-445 ASTM D2270 ASTM D-943 *Hours to reach a neutralisation number of 2.0 mg KOH/g ASTM D-665 B ASTM D-130 ASTM D-892

Specification for R & O Gear Oils including Compounded Gear Lubricants
Criteria for Acceptance As specified 90 min. AGMA Grade Hours (minimum) 1.2 1500 3.4 750 5.6 500 No rust after 24 hours with synthetic sea water Class 1 after 3 hours @ 121°C Max. Vol. of Foam (ml) after 5 Minutes Blow 10 Minutes Rest Sequence I 75 10 Sequence II 75 10 Sequence III 75 10 Max. % water in oil after 5 hours 0.5 Max. cuff after centrifuging, ml 2.0 Min. total free water collected during entire test, ml 30.0 Must be free of visible suspended or settled contamination

Rust Protection Corrosion Protection Foam Suppression

Demulsibility

ASTM D-2711

Cleanliness

None

Note: * The Criteria for acceptance indicated for Oxidation Stability and Demulsibility are not applicable to Compounded Gear Oils.

04/02 - Driveline

AGMA 9005 - D94
Property Viscosity Viscosity Index Oxidation Stability Rust Protection Corrosion Protection Foam Suppression Test Procedure ASTM D-445 ASTM ASTM ASTM ASTM ASTM D-2270 D-2893 D-665B D-130 D-892

Specification for Extreme Pressure Gear Lubricants
Criteria for Acceptance As specified 90 min. Viscosity increase after 312 hours @ 121°C, 6% max. No rust after 24 hours with synthetic sea water Class 1 after 3 hours @ 100°C Max. Vol. of Foam (ml) after 5 Minute Blow 10 Minute Rest Sequence I 75 10 Sequence II 75 10 Sequence III 75 10 AGMA Grades 2EP to 7EP 8EP to 13EP Max. % water in oil after 5 hours 2.0 2.0 Max. cuff after centrifuging (ml) 1.0 4.0 Min. total free water collected during 80 50 entire test (start with 90ml of water) (ml) Must be free of visible suspended or settled contamination 60lb OK load > Load Stage 12 (A/8.3/90°C) Must be filterable to 25 microns (wet or dry) without loss of EP additive

Demulsibility

ASTM D-2711

Cleanliness EP Property

Additive Solubility

None Timken Test (ASTM D2782) FZG Test (DIN 51354) None

04/02 - Driveline

Flender Suitability Proof for Oils used in Flender Gear Units
Test Company Mineral Oil I Flender Foam Test Original Oil Contaminated with 2% and 4% running-in oil (Castrol Alpha SP220S) Compatibility with Internal Coating (P22-8050) Compatibility with Elastomer Seals (72 NBR 902 and 75 FKM 585) Static Test (DIN 53521) Dynamic Test (DIN 3761) Compatibility with Sealing Compound (Loctite 128068) FZG Micropitting Test (FVA 54) Flender Grey Staining Test FZG Scuffing Load Test (A/16.6/90) Worm Gear Test
Notes: I For cylindrical and bevel gearing II For worm gearing Not Required A Absolutely required B Required after agreement B3 Required for new additives

22.07/ 1998 Rev 0
Requirement Synthetic Oil II A B3 A B B3 A I A A A A B B3 A B B II A A A B3 A

A.F. Flender AG Carl Diederichs Carl Freudenberg Loctite Various Flender Various RUB

A A B3 A B3 A B B -

04/02 - Driveline

They should not contain any lead or lead based additives.straight mineral oils A . Type A These lubricants will usually contain anti-wear or mild extreme pressure additives which improve the load carrying properties of the base oil.David Brown Number S1. For mineral based lubricant the following general classifications will be used: Type M These lubricants will usually contain additives to reduce corrosion. The requirements for all three lubricant types are the same or similar in all respects except for carrying capacity.anti-wear or mild EP additive oils E . oxidation and foaming. They may contain other additives designed to improve their performance in service. M . Classification: 04/02 Driveline . The lubricants should be branded products on general sale or intended to be so. The grades are numbered 0 to 9 and will be associated with a classification character.industrial extreme pressure additive oils Description: The lubricants shall be stable homogeneous blends of highly refined mineral oils and additives. They should not contain additives which will adversely affect the performance of sprag holdback (or similar) devices. Type E These lubricants will contain additives which are designed to improve the load carrying properties of the base oil. abrasives.53 101 January 1985 DBGI Specification for Mineral Based Lubricating Oils for use in Industrial Enclosed Gear Units. They should not contain any grit. sediments or other impurities. Scope: This specification covers the requirements for ten grades and three classifications of mineral based lubricating oils for use in DAVID BROWN enclosed gear units.

1 90 -6 3 77.4 90 -6 2 52.1 90 -6 1 36.5 90 0 9 776 1140 46.4 90 -3 6 245 360 22. ASTM D445 DBGI Lubricant Grade Conditions @ 40°C @ 40°C @ 100°C Limit min. ASTM D97 IP 334. min. 5 7 11 1b 5 7 11 1b 6 8 12 1b 6 8 12 1b 6 8 12 1b 6 9 12 1b 7 9 12 1b 7 9 > 12 1b 7 10 > 12 1b 7 10 > 12 1b Pass Pass Report max.6 114 10. min.5 90 -6 4 114 167 13.0 5.3/90 (Visual method) Corrosion Corrosion IP 154. A/8.David Brown Requirements for a Mineral Based Lubricant Title Kinematic Viscosity mm2/s Viscosity Index Pour Point (°C) Load Carrying Capacity Test Method IP 71. max. (@ 95°C) 04/02 .Driveline .8 6. Lubricant Type M Lubricant Types A & E % Change in Kinematic Viscosity @ 100°C min.PROCEDURE B 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 Oxidation Stability ASTM D2893.2 90 0 IP 226. ASTM D130 IP 135. min.0 52. ASTM 2270 IP 15. @ 100°C Rust Prevention in the presence of water for 24hrs. min. max. 0 24.5 90 0 8 528 776 36. 10 10 PROCEDURES A AND B PROCEDURE A DEGREE OF RUSTING .6 8.5 36. ASTM D665 FZG Load Stage at which damage occurs Lubricant Type M Lubricant Type A Lubricant Type E Copper Strip Classification after 3 hrs.3 90 -3 7 360 528 28.6 90 -6 5 167 245 17. max.8 77.

0 30.0 50. max.0 2.0 60. max. max.0 1.5 2. max.0 60. max.0 75 10 75 10 75 10 10 0.0 60.0 2.5 2. 75 10 75 10 75 10 9 0.0 4. max.5 2.0 75 10 75 10 75 10 12 0. max.0 75 10 75 10 75 10 30 0.0 60.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 1.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.5 2.0 30.0 30.0 1.0 60.0 30.0 75 10 75 10 75 10 9 0.0 30.0 75 10 75 10 75 10 12 0.5 2.0 30.0 Air Release Demulsibility IP 313 ASTM D2711 ASTM D2711 Appendix 12 04/02 .5 2. max.0 300 1.0 75 10 75 10 75 10 10 0. min.0 2.0 1.0 75 10 75 10 75 10 16 0.5 2.Driveline .0 50. ASTM D892 DBGI Lubricant Grade 3 4 5 6 Title Foam Tendency/Stability Conditions Volume of Foam (ml) Sequence I (24°C) After 5 mins blow After 10 mins rest Sequence II (93°C) After 5 mins blow After 10 mins rest Sequence III (24°C) After 5 mins blow After 10 mins rest Minutes @ 50°C Minutes @ 90°C Lubricant Types M & A Water in Oil (%) Emulsion (ml) Total Free Water (ml) Lubricant Type E Water in Oil (%) Emulsion in Oil (ml) Total Free Water (ml) (Report average result) Limit 0 1 2 7 8 9 max.David Brown Requirements for a Mineral Based Lubricant Test Method IP 146.0 2.0 4.0 60.0 1.0 30.5 2.0 75 10 75 10 75 10 18 0.0 75 10 75 10 75 10 24 0.0 4. max.0 30.5 2.5 2. max. max.0 30.0 50.0 60. min.

.Driveline . Notes: To be agreed as necessary: September 1989 CLP68 VG68 185 CLP100 VG100 200 -12 CLP150 CLP220 CLP320 VG320 200 -6 CLP460 VG460 200 CLP680 VG680 200 -3 CLP46 VG46 175 -15 VG150 VG220 200 200 -9 CLASS 0 .DIN 51517 Part 3 . (DIN ISO 3733) To be undetectable: 04/02 . %m. @ 100°C (DIN 51759) Oxidation Stability (DIN 51586/ASTM D2893) NBR Compatibility. min. max. (DIN 51757) Neutralisation no. ISO 3016 Steel Corrosion (DIN 51355) FZG A/8. @ 100°C (DIN 53538 Part 3) Water. °C. ISO 2592 Pour Point.3/90. °C.Antiwear Circulating Oils Grade ISO Viscosity Grade Flash Point (COC). KOH/g (DIN 51558 Part 1) Sulphated Ash. min. mg. (DIN 51575) Copper Corrosion 3 hrs. %m.METHOD A 12 Density @ 15°C g/ml. 168 hrs. Load Stage Fail.

95 min.1% max. Trace -9°C max.P. D-92 ISO Grade 150 and up ISO Grade 68 and 100 3 Hour Copper Strip Corrosion. (based on viscosity) 232. 0.0 ml max. 11th stage min.K. 1b max. D-665 S-200 Oxidation . 203.Four Square Gear Test Limits 25 min. D-91 Pour Point. 04/02 .35 mm max. D-2266 20 kg. D-567 Precipitation Number. 1. Test. 45 kg min.C. D-2711 Free Water Emulsion H2O in Oil Four Ball E.312 hours @ 121. D-2783 Load Wear Index Weld Point Four Ball Wear Test.2°C min.O. Scar Diameter -0. @ 1800 rpm for 1 hour Timken Load Arm Test. 224 Lead Free E. D-130 Rust Test (A & B).1°C (250°F) Viscosity Increase @ 98.P. 60 lbs min.Driveline . 250 kg min. D-287 Viscosity Index. Flash Point. O. D-2782 FZG .9°C (210°F) Precipitation Number After Test Demulsibility.4°C min.AISE (US Steel) Requirements No.0 ml min. Gear Oil Test API Gravity. Pass 6% max. D-97 C. 80. 2.0% max.

min. max. max. min.Driveline . (121°C). Mean Wear Scar Diameter. S200. ASTM D2711. Weld Point. LWI. mm. % viscosity increase. % viscosity increase. Oxidation Stability ASTM D2893. 3 hrs/100°C. ASTM D892. Corrosion Protection ASTM D130. ml. max. kg. min. Precipitation Number.1 80 1 2 - 60 12 1b Pass B 6 75/10 75/10 75/10 50-80 (1) 1-4 (1) 2 - 11 (2) Pass A (2) (2) 04/02 . 4-Ball (ASTM D2783). Free Water. 4-Ball (ASTM D2266) 20kg/1800 rpm/1 hr. max. Tendency/Stability. Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III Demulsibility. ASTM D 665. Emulsion. min. ml. Water in Oil.3/90. ml. FZG A/8. max. %. min. max. Pass Stage. min.D94 EP Load Carrying Capacity Timken OK Load (ASTM D2782) lbs. max. Miscellaneous Seal Compatibility Notes: (1) Limits dependent upon viscosity grades (2) Limits to be agreed as necessary DIN 51517 Part 3 (CLP) (AISE) 224 60 11 250 45 0. max. Foam Suppression.Comparison of Industrial Gear Oil Specifications AGMA 9005 .35 1b Pass A & B 6 0.

Av.50/0 Sequence III . Cooler will not be graded.1% water in oil ASTM D92 ASTM D92 Flash Point Fire Point Elastomer Compatibility Fluoroelastomer ASTM D471 (240 hours.Caterpillar TO .s Viscosity. 175°C min. 35% silver) Viscosity after test Kinematic Viscosity. Copper bushings should not undergo mechanical failure due to corrosion attack. temperature specified in Section 4 for the appropriate viscosity grade. 150°C. 150°C) Allison C-4 Elastomer Test Oxidation Test Thermal Oxidation Stability (THOT) Sludge/varnish on parts. mm2/s Viscosity. centrifuge for 30 min at 6000G Test oil held at -32°C for 24h.0 max. Report Report Report Report Test Method Modified International Harvester BT-9 (175 hours under dynamic humidity conditions) ASTM D130 (2 hours at 100°C) Mix 50 mls test oil with 50 mls reference oil. mPa. 04/02 . cool to ambient. tendency/stability. Total Acid Number Increase.25/0 Sequence II . Elongation with reference oil ∆ Elongation with test oil must be less than or equal to ∆ Elongation with reference oil + 10% See Allison C-4 Specification See Allison C-4 Specification Nil 4.4 Transmission and Drive Train Fluid Requirements Requirements Physical Properties Rust Control Copper Corrosion Fluid Compatibility Homogeneity Foam. Elongation of elastomer in aged test oil must not be greater than Av. mls Less than 6 rust spots per linear inch on two out of three test specimens 1a max.25/0 160°C min. No sedimentation or precipitation No sedimentation or precipitation Sequence I . centrifuged ASTM D892 Part 1: No water added Part 2: 0. 106s-1 Note: * At the max.Driveline ASTM D445 ASTM D2983* ASTM 4684* ASTM D683 . mPa. warmed to ambient. Carbonyl Absorbance diff Further inspection See Allison C-4 Specification GM 6137 October 1990. production cooler. Fluoroelastomer input seal should not fail. mPa.75 max.s Viscosity. 0.s. heat to 204°C. Appendix E (ie DEXRON® IIE) (Fluoroelastomer input seal.

No sedimentation or precipitation No sedimentation or precipitation Sequence I . Total Acid Number Increase. tendency/stability. Av. Cooler will not be graded. mls Less than 6 rust spots per linear inch on two out of three test specimens 1a max. 106s-1 Note: * At the max.s Viscosity. mm2/s Viscosity. 150°C.0 max. production cooler. 175°C min. Carbonyl Absorbance diff Further inspection See Allison C-4 Specification GM 6137 October 1990. Elongation of elastomer in aged test oil must not be greater than Av. Elongation with reference oil ∆ Elongation with test oil must be less than or equal to ∆ Elongation with reference oil + 10% See Allison C-4 Specification See Allison C-4 Specification Nil 4. heat to 204°C. 35% silver) Viscosity after test Kinematic Viscosity.s. centrifuge for 30 min at 6000G Test oil held at -32°C for 24h. mPa. mPa. Appendix E (ie DEXRON® IIE) (Fluoroelastomer input seal.50/0 Sequence III . 150°C) Allison C-4 Elastomer Test Oxidation Test Thermal Oxidation Stability (THOT) Sludge/varnish on parts. mPa. Copper bushings should not undergo mechanical failure due to corrosion attack. Report Report Report Report Test Method Modified International Harvester BT-9 (175 hours under dynamic humidity conditions) ASTM D130 (2 hours at 100°C) Mix 50 mls test oil with 50 mls reference oil. Fluoroelastomer input seal should not fail.25/0 Sequence II . temperature specified in Section 4 for the appropriate viscosity grade. warmed to ambient.s Viscosity. centrifuged ASTM D892 Part 1: No water added Part 2: 0.4 Transmission and Drive Train Fluid Requirements Requirements Physical Properties Rust Control Copper Corrosion Fluid Compatibility Homogeneity Foam. 04/02 . 0.25/0 160°C min.75 max.Driveline ASTM D445 ASTM D2983* ASTM 4684* ASTM D683 .1% water in oil ASTM D92 ASTM D92 Flash Point Fire Point Elastomer Compatibility Fluoroelastomer ASTM D471 (240 hours.Caterpillar TO . cool to ambient.

000 mPa. especially rings.000 Centipoise Max.9 3. Caterpillar VC 70 Standard Test Method 04/02 . No single run with more than 150 mg weight Total weight loss for all vanes from individual cartridges (not including intravanes).‘A’ gears. ASTM D4998 (FZG Machine . load stage 10. from individual cartridge. 121°C.Driveline .7 4.4 2.4 2. Friction Properties Link Model 1158 Oil/Friction Test Machine Dynamic Coefficient of Friction Static Coefficient of Friction Energy Capability Wear Properties .(7 friction disc-steel reaction plate combinations evaluated separately . 100 rpm. high shear requirements as shown opposite Caterpillar does not recommend oils that contain viscosity improvers in this application Wear Properties Gears Pumps 0W 5W 10W 20W 30 40 50 60 Average of three separate runs 100mg max. and high temp. 20 hours) Vikers pump test procedure for mobile systems as defined in publication form M-2952-S.Caterpillar TO . low speed. Pumpability (MRV TP-1) 30.4 Transmission and Drive Train Fluid Requirements Requirements Viscometric Properties SAE J300 Viscosity Grade ASTM D2983 Maximum Temperature (°C) for Brookfield Viscosity of 150.5 5. 2 sintered bronze. 2 fluroelastomer friction discs. °C -45 -35 -25 -15 -15 -10 -5 +10 ASTM D4683 (or Equiv) High Temp High Shear Viscosity at 150°C and 6 -1 10 s min. < 75 mg Pump parts. Temp. should not have evidence of unusual wear or stress in contact areas.) The results of each friction disc-reaction plate combination for the candidate oil must be within the allowable range of variation from the reference test oil.4 2.7 SAE J300 requirements plus additional low temp. < 15 mg Ring weight loss.3 paper.4 2.s 2. mPa.s -55 -40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 +5 Test Method ASTM D4684 Low Temp.

ASTM D 1500 Friction Durability Midpoint Dynamic Coef of Friction Low Speed Dynamic Coef of Friction Static Breakaway Coef of Friction (0. max. ASTM D92 Copper Strip. 177 min.10 to 0. 1700 max. mPa. mPa. mPa.s Flash Point °C.8. 1b max.16 (between 25 & 15000 cycles) 0.0 0.s Evaporation loss. mPa. ASTM D130.Driveline . Rate & Report 20000 max. at 5 & 200 cycles 90 to 130Nm (between 200 & 4000 cycles) 0.0 (between 100 & 15000 cycles) Rate & Report 04/02 .0 .75 to 1.s -30°C. 24h Vane Pump Wear (80°C/1000psi/100h). Rate & Report Rate & Report 177 min. -40°C. ASTM D665A.0 120 to 150Nm.13 to 0.0 . 1 hr (Noack). % wt Viscosity after Noack.Ford MERCON® Specification Test Miscibility New Fluid Viscosity 100°C mm 2/s -10°C. Dynamic Torque (S2/D) Notes: (1) Introduced February 1987 .15 (between 100 & 15000 cycles) 0.90 to 1. 6.s -20°C.12 to 0. 150°C.0 (between 25 & 15000 cycles) 0.0 (at 200 cycles) - Current Limit(2) No separation or colour change 6.8 to 1.s -18°C.8. mPa. No rust 15 max. 6. s Ratio of Low Speed to Dynamic Torque (S1/D) Ratio of Static Breakaway Torque to Midpoint. 50000 max.8 min. mg Colour. (between 5 & 4000 cycles) 155 Nm.90 to 1. 3h Rust.s -40°C.8 min.now obsolete (2) Revised September 1992 Old Limit(1) No separation or colour change 6. Rate & Report 1500 max.25s) Engagement Time. No rust 10 max. 150°C. 1b max. mPa.16 (between 25 & 15000 cycles) 0.0 (between 5 & 4000 cycles) 0.

% TAN Change. 40 max. 3b max. Pts Aluminium Beaker Oxidation Test (ABOT) Pentane Insolubles. No varnish No sludge As per GM DEXRON® Specification Shift performance equal to reference fluid Current Limit(2) Stability 0 0 0 0 Notes: (1) Introduced February 1987 . % Hardness Change. Change. 250h % Viscosity Increase. < 1 4. Pts ATRR-300.300h Copper Strip Rating.0 max.s. 250h Diff IR Absorbance Change. 300h Turbo Hydra-matic Cycling Test (THCT) Shift Feel Test Tendency 100 100 100 100 +1 to +6 -5 to +5 +3 to +8 -5 to +5 No reversion 200 hr. 250h Viscosity. Pts ATRR-500. % wt. 50 max. Vol. 50h 300h Aluminium Strip Rating. 40°C. -40°C. Loss. 40 max. Pts ATRR-200.0 max. Smear Test ATRR-400. % Hardness Change.now obsolete (2) Revised September 1992 04/02 . Change. 300h Sludge. 50 max.Ford MERCON® Specification Test Antifoaming Properties ASTM D892 Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III Sequence IV Elastometer Compatibility ATRR-100. 300h Volatility. % Hardness Change. No varnish No sludge As per GM DEXRON® Specification Shift performance equal to reference fluid Old Limit(1) Stability 0 0 0 0 Tendency 100 100 100 100 +1 to +6 -5 to +5 +3 to +8 -5 to +5 No reversion Rate & Report Rate & Report Rate & Report Rate & Report 250 hr.Driveline . 3b max. Rate & Report Rate & Report 3b max. 3b max. Change. mPa. % Hardness Change. Vol. Vol. < 1 5. Vol. Change.

°C min.Allison Transmission Division General Motors Test Chemical Analysis Metals Content Barium Boron Calcium Magnesium Phosphorus Silicon Sodium Zinc Nonmetals Content Chlorine Nitrogen Sulphur Total Acid Number Total Base Number Infrared Spectrum Physical Properties Flash Point. Viscosity Characteristics Kinematic Viscosity @ 40°C Kinematic Viscosity @ 100°C Apparent Viscosity Brookfield Viscosity Stable Pour Point Requirements C-4 Heavy Duty Transmission Fluid Specification Test Method Report Report Report Report Report Report Report Report Report Report Report Report Report Report 170 185 Report * Report * Report * Report Temperature at 3500 mPa. °C min. 04/02 .Driveline .s Report * Emission spectroscopy: ICP Emission spectroscopy: ICP Emission spectroscopy: ICP Emission spectroscopy: ICP Emission spectroscopy: ICP Emission spectroscopy: ICP Emission spectroscopy: ICP Emission spectroscopy: ICP ASTM D808 ASTM D3228 ASTM D4951 or ASTM 129 ASTM D664 ASTM D4739 or D2896 ASTM E168 ASTM D92 ASTM D92 ASTM D445 ASTM D445 ASTM D2602 ASTM D2983 ASTM D97 Note: * Fluids shall meet SAE J300 Viscosity grades and in addition ATFs must meet DEXRON® III and MERCON® requirements. Fire Point.

9 mPa Allison C-4 graphite clutch friction test Allison C-4 paper clutch friction test Mid-point dynamic co efficient and slip time must surpass limits set with minimum performance reference oil 04/02 . total immersion GM 6137-M. points Fluoroelastomer: Volume difference. procedure “A” for 24 hours ASTM D1748. total immersion GM 6297-M (Appendix E) ASTM D2882 mod.0 0. 98% humidity. TAN Increase. % Hardness difference. % Hardness difference. max. mg.75 15 GM 6297-M. C-4 Oxidation Test (THOT) Viscosity Increase. 100°C. (a) 80 ± 3°C (b) 6. test J1.5 to + 6 -5 to + 5 0 +10 -5 to 0 +1. points Polyacrylate: Volume difference. mm max. 50 hrs at 40°C GM 6137-M. 40°C. Break time at 135°C. %. max. total immersion GM 6137-M. max.5 .Allison Transmission Division General Motors Requirements Bench Tests Foaming Tendency Foam at 95°C. max. test J2. Total Weight Loss. % Hardness difference.10 to 0 0 to + 4 -4 to + 4 +12 to + 28 -6 to -18 100 60 4. % Hardness difference.Driveline . Clutch Frictional Characteristics C-4 Graphite Clutch Test C-4 Paper Clutch Friction Test C-4 Heavy Duty Transmission Fluid Specification Test Method Nil 10 23 No blackening or flaking No visible rust on test pins No rust or corrosion on any test surface Limits are adjusted for each new elastomer batch -1. max. max. dip cycle GM 6137-M. points Oxidation Stability. secs. Carbonyl Absorbance. Viscosity Increase. test J1. total immersion GM 6137-M.5 to 6. 3 hours at 150°C ASTM D665. Foam at 135°C. max Copper Corrosion Corrosion/Rust Protection Rust Protection Elastomer Compatibility Nitrile: Volume difference. Wear protection C-4 Vane Pump Wear Test. test J1. test J1. points Ethylene Acrylic: Volume difference % Hardness change. points Silicone: Volume difference. %.Test M ASTM D130.

Fe. at -30°C 20.3°C 50. Report Report 170°C min.s) max.8.5 cSt min during and at end of oxidation and cycling tests 160°C min. 175°C min. Na. S.500 mPa.s at -10°C 1. at -40°C 04/02 .s (50. Ca.s max. Al.0 Pa.s max. at -23. mPa. at -40°C Report Viscosity. Zn. mPa.s (4.Driveline .0 Report ppm: Ba.500 mPa. S.0 Pa.000 mPa.0 .s max.8. Ca.0 Report ppm: Ba.M) Requirement 6. Fe. Mg.s max. B.000 mPa.000 mPa. ppm: Cl Report. B.000 mPa. ppm: N Report. Pb Report.0 . ppm: N Report. Cu. at -20°C 5. Mg. ppm: S Report No separation or colour change at end of test using reference fluid DEXRON® III (GM 6417 .1 No separation or colour change at end of test Kinematic Viscosity at 40°C at 100°C Flash Point Fire Point Brookfield Viscosity ASTM D2983 ASTM D445 ASTM D92 ASTM D92 Not Required 5. 4000 mPa. at -20°C 5.000 mPa. Pb Report. at -40°C 160°C min. P. Cu. IIE & III Specification Requirements General Motors ATF Specification GM 6137-M Test Colour Elemental Analysis Method ASTM D1500 ASTM D4951 ASTM ASTM ASTM ASTM D808 D3228 D129 OR D 4951 E168 DEXRON® II Requirement Not required Not required Not Not Not Not required required required required DEXRON® IIE Requirement 6.s at -10°C 1. Al. 185°C min. P Si. Zn. ppm: S Report No separation or colour change at end of test using reference fluid Infrared Spectrum Miscibility FTM 791C Method 3470. ppm: Cl Report.A Comparison of GM DEXRON® II.s) max. Na. Report. Si. 175°C min.s max.s max. at -30°C 20.

Driveline . collapse time at 135°C Procedure 1 . IIE & III Specification Requirements General Motors ATF Specification GM 6137-M Test Copper Strip Test Corrosion Test Rust Protection Method ASTM D130 Mod 3 hr at 150°C ASTM D665 Procedure A ASTM D 1748 Mod Sandblasted Surface Temp. break-time at 135°C Elastomers Nitrile Polyacrylate Silicone The limits are assigned by GM for each batch of elastomer DEXRON® IIE Requirement No blackening with flaking Pass No rust or corrosion on any test surface No foam at 95°C 6mm at 135°C 15 s max.A Comparison of GM DEXRON® II.5 to 5 2 to 7 0.Total Immersion Change in Elastomer A (Polyacrylate) B (Nitrile) C (Polyacrylate) H (Fluorinated) J (Silicone) R (Ethylene/ Acrylic) Note: * Tensile strength and elongation are now required to be reported but no limits have been set yet..5 to 5 23 to 45 13 to 27 DEXRON® III (GM 6417 . at 40°C Test Time of 50 hours GM DEXRON® II Requirement No blackening with flaking No rust on test pins No rust or corrosion on test panels No foam at 95°C 10 mm max. -8 to +1 -3 to +6 -4 to +4 -5 to +6 -30 to -13 -17 to -7 Elastomer A (Polyacrylate) B (Nitrile) C (Polyacrylate) H (Fluorinated) J (Silicone) R (Ethylene/ Acrylic) Vol.. height at 135°C 15 s max.M) Requirement 1b Pass No rust or corrosion on any test surface No foam at 95°C 5mm max. Vol.13 -17 to .7 Foam Test Fluid Effect on Seals GM Method 04/02 .% 5 to 12 1 to 6 2 to 7 0. % 5 to 12 0. 8 to + 1 -3 to + 6 -4 to + 4 -5 to + 6 -30 to . at 135°C 23 s max.Total Immersion* Change in Hardness pts.5 to 5 23 to 45 13 to 27 Hardness pts. break-time at 135°C Procedure 1 .

60s Report End Torque Nm DEXRON® IIE Requirement DEXRON® III (GM 6417 .A Comparison of GM DEXRON® II. IIE & III Specification Requirements General Motors ATF Specification GM 6137-M Test Method Saginaw Power Steering Pump Test Vane Pump Wear Test GM Method DEXRON® II Requirement Parts condition to be equal to or better than that obtained with reference fluid weight loss < 15mg Satisfactory operation for 100 hours No unusual clutch plate wear or flaking Between 24 and 100 hours of operation:115Nm < Midpoint Dynamic Torque < 175Nm Delta Torque < 14Nm 0.75s Satisfactory operation for 100 hours No unusual wear or flaking on test parts Between 20 and 100 hours of operation:150Nm < Midpoint Dynamic Torque <180Nm Maximum Torque > 150Nm Delta Torque < 30Nm Stop time between 0.45 and 60s Report End Torque Nm weight loss < 15mg Satisfactory operation for 100 hours No unusual wear or flaking on test parts Between 10 and 100 hours of operation:150Nm < Midpoint Dynamic Torque < 180Nm Maximum Torque > 150Nm DeltaTorque < 30Nm Stop time between 0.50 and 0.Driveline .9 MPa GM Method DEXRON® II uses SD-715 Clutch Plates DEXRON® IIE uses SD-1777 Clutch Plates DEXRON® III uses SD-1777 Clutch Plates 04/02 .M) Requirement HEFCAD .Plate Clutch Test ASTM D2882 Mod 80+/-3°C 6.45s < Engagement Time < 0.

A Comparison of GM DEXRON® II, IIE & III Specification Requirements
General Motors ATF Specification GM 6137-M Test Band Clutch Test Method GM Method Uses 3T40 Band & Drum DEXRON® II Requirement Not Required DEXRON® IIE Requirement Satisfactory operation for 100 hours No unusual wear or flaking on test parts Between 20 and 100 hours of operation:145Nm < Midpoint Dynamic Torque < 220Nm End Torque > 170Nm Delta Torque < 80Nm Stop time between 0.40 and 0.60 s Report Maximum Torque, Nm THOT - Oxidation Test GM Method THM-350 DEXRON® II uses Transmission DEXRON® IIE and III use Hydra-matic 4L60 Transmission Satisfactory operation for 300 hours Transmission parts cleanliness and physical condition must be equal to or better than that obtained with Reference Fluid Total Acid Number Increase, 7.0 max. Carbonyl Absorbance Increase, 0.8 max. Min. O2 content of transmission effluent gas 2% Used Fluid Viscosity at - 23.3°C 6000mPa.s max;- 40°C Report Used Fluid Viscosity at 100°C, 5.5 mm2/s min. Cooler braze alloy condition shall be acceptable No expulsion of ATF from Vent Satisfactory operation for 300 hrs. Transmission parts cleanliness & physical condition must be equal to or better than that obtained with Reference Fluid Total Acid Number Increase < 4.5 Carbonyl Absorbance Increase < 0.55 Min O2 content of transmission effluent gas 4% Used Fluid Viscosity at -20°C < 3,000 mPa.s Used Fluid Viscosity at 100°C > 5.5 mm2/s No cooler braze alloy corrosion DEXRON® III (GM 6417 - M) Requirement Satisfactory operation for 100 hours No unusual wear or flaking on test parts Between 20 and 100 hours of operation:180Nm < Midpoint Dynamic Torque < 225Nm End Torque > 170Nm Delta Torque < 80Nm Stop time between 0.35 and 0.55 s Report Maximum Torque, Nm Satisfactory operation for 300 hours Transmission parts condition must be equal to or better than that obtained with Reference Fluid Total Acid Number Increase < 3.25 Carbonyl Absorbance Increase < 0.45 Report effluent gas O2 content Used Fluid Viscosity at -20°C < 2000 mPa.s Used Fluid Viscosity at 100°C > 5.5 mm2/s No cooler braze alloy corrosion

04/02 - Driveline

A Comparison of GM DEXRON® II, IIE & III Specification Requirements
General Motors ATF Specification GM 6137-M Test THCT - Cycling Test Method GM Method DEXRON® II uses THM 350 transmission DEXRON® IIE and III use Hydra-matic 4L60 transmission DEXRON® II Requirement Satisfactory operation for 20,000 cycles Transmission parts cleanliness & physical condition must be equal to or better than that obtained with the Reference Fluid 0.35s < 1-2 Shift Time < 0.70s 0.20s < 2-3 Shift Time < 0.55s Total Acid Number Increase, 6.0 max. Carbonyl Absorbance Increase, 0.7,max. DEXRON® IIE Requirement Satisfactory operation for 20,000 cycles Condition of transmission parts must be equal to or better than that obtained with the Reference Fluid Total Acid Number Increase < 2.50 Carbonyl Absorbance Increase < 0.35 1-2 Shift Time between 0.35 and 0.75s 2-3 Shift Time between 0.30 and 0.75s Report 3-4 Shift Time, s Used Fluid Viscosity at 100°C 5.5 mm2/s min. during and at end of test Used Fluid Viscosity at 100°C, > 5.0 mm /s Used Fluid Viscosity at -20°C < 2000 mPa.s Vehicle Performance Test ECCC Vehicle Performance Test Sprag Wear Test GM Method GM Method GM Method Shift performance essentially equal to that obtained with the Reference Fluid Not Required Not Required Shift performance essentially equal to that obtained with the Reference Fluid Not Required Not Required
2

DEXRON® III (GM 6417 - M) Requirement Satisfactory operation for 20,000 cycles Condition of transmission parts must be equal to or better than that obtained with the Reference Fluid Total Acid Number Increase < 2.0 Carbonyl Absorbance Increase < 0.30 1-2 Shift Time between 0.30 and 0.75s 2-3 Shift Time between 0.30 and 0.75s Report 3-4 Shift Time, s Used Fluid Viscosity at 100°C, > 5.0 mm2/s Used Fluid Viscosity at -20°C < 2000 mPa.s No expulsion of ATF from Vent Shift performance essentially equal to thatobtained with the Reference Fluid Equal to or better than Reference Fluid Maximum Weight Loss - 60 mg

04/02 - Driveline

Industrial

Contents

Industrial

Hydraulic: AFNOR NF E 48-603 Parts 1 and 2 DIN 51524 Part 1 Specification DIN 51524 Part 2 Specification SEB 181222 Specification US Military Specifications MIL-L-17331H and MIL-L-17672D US Steel 126 and 127 Specifications VDMA 24568 Vegetable Oil, Synthetic Ester and Polyglycol Requirements Summary of Hydraulic Pump Test Conditions Comparison of Major OEM Hydraulic Oil Specifications

Compressor: DIN 51506 Standard [VB, VC, VBL, VCL and VDL Grades] ISO / DP 6521 Standard

Turbine: British Standard BS 489 DIN 51515 Specification General Electric GEK 32568-C Specification

Slideway: Cincinnati Machine P-47, P-50 and P-53 Specifications

French Hydraulic Lubricant Standards AFNOR NF E 48-603 (Part 1)
Test Requirements Category HM Class
10 9 11 15 13.5 16.5

Requirements Category HR Class
22 19.8 24.2 32 46 28.8 41.4 35.2 50.6 ≥ 130 + ≤ 0.05 Tendency ≤ 100 ≤ 100 ≤ 100 ≥ 100 ≥ 140 Stability ≤ 10 ≤ 10 ≤ 10 ≥ 180 68 61.2 74.8 100 90 110 150 135 165 10 9 11 15 13.5 16.5

Requirements Category HV Class
22 32 46 68 100 150 19.8 28.8 41.4 61.2 90 135 24.2 35.2 50.6 74.8 110 165 ≥ 130 + ≤ 0.05 Tendency ≤ 100 ≤ 100 ≤ 100 ≥ 100 ≥ 140 Stability ≤ 10 ≤ 10 ≤ 10 ≥ 180

Method

10 15 22 32 46 68 100 150 Kinematic Viscosity 9 13.5 19.8 28.8 41.4 61.2 90 135 2 at 40°C, mm /s 11 16.5 24.2 35.2 50.6 74.8 110 165 Viscosity Index ≥ 95 ≥ 90 Neutralisation + No. mg KOH/g Water Content, ≤ 0.05 % mass Foam, ml Tendency Stability Sequence I ≤ 100 ≤ 10 Sequence II ≤ 100 ≤ 10 Sequence III ≤ 100 ≤ 10 Flash Point, °C ≥ 100 140 ≥ 160 ≥ 180 Air Release, minutes Aniline Point, °C Copper Corrosion Rust Prevention Method A Flow Point, °C Anti-Wear Demulsibility, ml/min Shear Stability ≤5 ≥ 90 <2 Pass ≤ -18 ≤ -15 ≤ -12 ≤ -9 Method to be defined by agreement between supplier and user on the basis of information by supplier 40.37.3/30 ≤7 ≤ 10 ≥ 95

NFT 60-100 NFT 60-136 NFT 60-112 NFT 60-113

NFT 60-129 NFT 60-118 NFE 48-614/ NFT 60-149
(for mineral oils)

≥ 160

≥ 160

≥ 90 < 2 Pass ≤ -42 ≤ -36

≥ 95

≥ 90 <2

≥ 95

NFM 07-021 NFM 07-015
(3hrs @ 100°C)

NFE 48-616 NFT 60-151 Pass Method A ≤ -30 ≤ -21 ≤ -12 ≤ -42 ≤ -36 ≤ -30 ≤ -21 ≤ -12 NFT 60-105 Method to be defined by agreement between supplier and user on the basis of a file provided by supplier Variation of Viscosity @ 40°C < 10% NFT 60-125* DIN 51382 for 250 cycles

+ Variation of Viscosity @ 40°C < 10%

Note: * Take 82°C +/- 1°C as the temperature of the heating bath for the products of which the degree of viscosity is ≥ 100, and 25°C for the products of which the degree of viscosity is ≤ 32. + Denotes that it may be useful to know the actual value for the characteristic and that the supplier should supply this. No minimum value is required however.

04/02 - Industrial

mg KOH/g Water Content.149 NFM 07 .8 28.129 NFT 60 .8 28. No minimum value is required however.113 Kinematic Viscosity 9 13.8 110 165 11 16.2 50.151 Method A NFT 60 .2 90 135 2 @ 40°C.614/ NFT 60 .2 Requirements Category HG Class 68 61.2 74. 04/02 .05 ≤ 0.105 As agreed NFT 60 .100 NFT 60 .616 NFT 60 .Industrial . °C ≥ 90 ≥ 95 ≥ 90 ≥ 95 Copper Corrosion Rust Prevention Method A Flow Point. and 25°C for the products of which the degree of viscosity is ≤ 32.05 + No.021 NFM 07 -015 (3hrs @ 100°C) NFE 48 .8 110 165 Viscosity Index ≥ 95 ≥ 90 ≥ 95 ≥ 90 Neutralisation ≤ 0. °C Anti-Wear Demulsibility.3/30 <2 <2 Pass ≤ -15 ≤ -12 ≤ -9 ≤ -6 ≤ -15 ≤ -12 ≤ -9 NFT 60 . °C ≥ 100 ≥ 140 ≥ 160 ≥ 180 ≥ 100 ≥ 140 ≥ 160 ≥ 180 Air Release.8 41.118 NFE 48 .4 61.2 35. + Denotes that it may be useful to know the actual value for the characteristic and that the supplier should supply this. mm /s 11 16.4 61. ml/min Shear Stability 40.5 24. ≤5 ≤ 7 ≤ 10 minutes Aniline Point.1°C as the temperature of the heating bath for the products of which the degree of viscosity is ≥ 100.37.5 19.136 NFT 60 .8 35.5 24.05 % mass Foam.112 NFT 60 .8 41.6 74.2 35.5 19. ≤ 0.125* DIN 51382 for 250 cycles Note: * Take 82°C +/.2 50.6 74. ml Tendency Stability Sequence I ≤ 100 ≤ 10 Sequence II ≤ 100 ≤ 10 Sequence III ≤ 100 ≤ 10 Flash Point.05 Tendency ≤ 100 ≤ 100 ≤ 100 ≥ 160 + ≥ 95 <2 Pass ≤ -6 ≤ -9 Method to be defined by agreement between supplier and user on the basis of a file provided by supplier + Stability ≤ 10 ≤ 10 ≤ 10 ≥ 180 Method NFT 60 .8 ≥ 95 + 0.2 90 135 9 13.French Hydraulic Lubricant Standards AFNOR NF E 48-603 (Part 2) Test Requirements Category HH Class 10 15 22 32 46 68 100 150 10 15 Requirements Category HL Class 22 32 46 68 100 150 32 28.

(ISO 2592) Steel Corrosion. (DIN 51759) Air Release. max. minutes. Acidity max.1 -21 165 HL32 Rust and Oxidation Protected Hydraulic Oils HL46 HL68 VG68 1400 7. max. minutes. min. Pour Point.4 -30 125 HL22 VG22 300 4.9 -12 205 VG32 VG46 420 780 5. max Sequence I DIN 51566 Sequence II Sequence III HL10 VG10 90 (600) 2. °C. mm2/s. Kinematic Viscosity @ 100°C.DIN 51524 Part 1 (June 1987) Grade ISO Viscosity Class (DIN 51519) Kinematic Viscosity @ 0°C/(-20°C). (DIN 51587/ASTM D943) Behaviour towards the Relative SRE-NBR 1 sealant specified Change % in DIN 53538 Part 1.8 -12 195 HL100 VG100 2560 9. °C. min. (DIN 51599/ASTM D1401) Oxidation Stability. (DIN 51381) Demulsibility. 50°C. mm2/s. mg KOH/g @ 1000 hrs. ml. max. max. (ISO 3016) Flash Point (COC). 54°C.Industrial . max.0 5 30 14 60 0 to 18 0 to 15 0 to 12 0 to 10 0 to -10 0 to -8 0 to -7 150/0 75/0 150/0 0 to -6 04/02 . (DIN 51585) Copper Corrosion.0 6.1 -18 -15 175 185 Class 0 .100°C for 3 hours 10 40 2. after 7 in volume days ± 2h @ 100 ± 1 °C Change in Shore A hardness Foam Volume.Method A Class 2 . max.

max Sequence I DIN 51566 Sequence II Sequence III HLP10 VG10 90 (600) 2. (ISO 3016) Flash Point (COC). mm2/s. (ISO 2592) Steel Corrosion. °C.9 -12 205 VG32 VG46 420 780 5. Kinematic Viscosity @ 100°C. max. minutes. mg. max.0 120 30 14 60 10 0 to 18 0 to 15 0 to 12 0 to 10 0 to -10 0 to -8 0 to -7 150/0 75/0 150/0 0 to -6 04/02 .1 -18 -15 175 185 Class 0 . Vane Pump Wear. max.Method A Class 2 . minutes. max.Industrial . max.8 -12 195 HLP100 VG100 2560 9. mg KOH/g @ 1000 hrs (DIN 51587/ASTM D943) Behaviour towards the Relative SRE-NBR 1 sealant specified Change % in DIN 53538 Part 1. (DIN 51381) Demulsibility. mm2/s. min.100°C for 3 hours 10 40 5 30 2.3/90: Load Stage Fail. °C. max. min. 54°C. (DIN 51759) Air Release.DIN 51524 Part 2 (June 1987) Grade ISO Viscosity Class (DIN 51502) Kinematic Viscosity @ 0°C/ (-20°C). max. Pour Point. ml. after 7 in volume days ± 2h @ 100 ± 1 °C Change in Shore A hardness Foam Volume. 50°C. (DIN 51599/ASTM D1401) FZG A/8.1 -21 165 HLP32 HLP46 Anti-Wear Hydraulic Oils HLP68 VG68 1400 7. Acidity max. (DIN 51389/2) Ring Vanes Oxidation Stability. min. (DIN 51585) Copper Corrosion.4 -30 125 HLP22 VG22 300 4.0 6.

min.3/90) Load Stage Fail. min. 300 22 4.GB 04/02 . Flash Point. Oxidation Stability. H2O).2 8. g/ml Ash % mass Neutralisation No. %. %. max. mg.. max.Industrial . 2 December 1997 HLP 46 HLP 68 HLP 100 2200 100 10. @ 50°C.1 -24 180 Pour Point. ml. @ 40°C ± 10% @ 100°C. Water Content Rust Prevention. mg KOH/g @ 1000 hrs (DIN 51587/ASTM D943) Behaviour towards the SRE-NBR 1 sealant specified in DIN 53538 part 1.2 -18 220 Test Method DIN 51550 + DIN 51562 DIN 51597 DIN/ISO 3016 DIN/ISO 2592 DIN/ISO 3733 DIN 51585 DIN EN ISO 2160 DIN 51587 DIN 53521 DIN 53505 DIN 51592 DIN 51381 DIN 53566 DIN 51599 DIN 51354 Part 2 HLP 22 @ 0°C. minutes. °C.2%. mg KOH/g Filterability Dry. Acidity max. Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III Demulsibility @ 54°C. max Foam volume. time to 40ml oil. min. min. max. % mass Air Release. 0 to -6 Below the limit of quantative detectability 5 10 15 100/0 50/0 100/0 20 30 10 12 To be specified by supplier 60 15 Is to be specified by supplier Is to be specified by supplier Is to be specified by supplier 60 60 DIN 51389 Part 2 DIN 51757 DIN 51575 DIN 51558 CETOP G6. FZG Gear Testing (A/8. Copper Corrosion (3 hrs @ 125°C).37. max.0 -21 -18 200 220 Below the limit of quantative detectability Rating 0 Method B Rating 1 2. max.15.0 Relative change 0 to +8 in volume. after 7 days ± 2 hrs @ 100 ± 1°C Contents of undisolved matter. Shore A hardness. max. mg/ KWh Vane Pump Wear. max. minutes. mm /s. °C. % max.German Steel Industry Specifications SEB 181222 Hydraulic Oil Type Kinematic Viscosity. Work Related Weight Change. Wet (0. 700 1260 46 68 6. max. min. Ring Vanes Density @ 15°C.

max. Time to reach TAN = 2. mm2/s Viscosity @ 100°C. 30 minutes Foam Test.33 Pass Pass 32. hrs. 163.I. 46.3 204 40/37/3 65/0 65/0 65/0 100 100 100 1000 1b Pass 2200 0. max. 4-Ball Wear (15kg/80°C/600 rpm/2hrs) MWSD. mg. Total Copper.Major US Military Hydraulic Oil Specifications Military Specification Product Description Performance Viscosity @ 40°C. light turbine Test Method ASTM D445 or equiv. max. ASTM D974 ASTM D92 ASTM D1401 ASTM D892 ASTM D943 ASTM D130 ASTM D665B (Mod) ASTM D1947 - 04/02 . Total Acid No.. Demulsibility. max. min. °C. mg. max. steam turbine MIL-L-17672D Hydraulic.. min.0. mg.0 0. 68 Report 0. min. Total Iron. mg KOH/g. Rust Test Ryder Gear Test P.P. mm Bearing Compatibility Valve Sticking 74-97 8.Industrial . Copper Corrosion.2 157. mm2/s. min. Flash Point. 171 40/37/3 65/0 65/0 65/0 100 100 100 1000 1b Pass MIL-L-17331H Hydraulic.Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III Oil Oxidation Test after 1000 hrs Total Sludge. max.

1800 rpm. 120 minutes min.80 mm scar diameter max. Must pass @ 15°F ml water ml emulsion minutes 37 3 ≤ 30 No rust ml oil 40 04/02 . 1 hr) Rotary Bomb Oxidation. D567 COC Flash Point. D665 A 126 Suitable for specified application 80 min. 130°F. D2882 (100 hours @ 2000 psi) Four Ball Wear Test.) 0. 0. Steel method) Water Emulsion Test. 0. 375°F min.50 mm scar diameter max. 375°F min. D92 Hydraulic Pump Test. D2266 (40 Kg. Must pass @ 15°F ml oil ml water ml emulsion minutes 40 37 3 ≤ 30 No rust 127 Suitable for specified application 90 min. D1401 @ 130°F Rust Prevention Test.05% Total Wear (450 mg max.) 0.01% Total Wear (90 mg max.S.Industrial . D88 Viscosity Index. D2272 Low Temp Cycling Test (U. 120 minutes min.US Steel Hydraulic Standards US Steel 126 & 127 Performance Requirements Viscosity.

Vane max.6 28. mg/kg Steel Corrosion Test DIN 51585. max. @ 100°C. kg/m3 Ash Content (oxides) DIN EN 7. minutes Foam Test ml ASTM D892 Sequence I max. Demulsification in minutes DIN 51599.8 4...Industrial . °C Pour Point DIN ISO 3016. Low Temperature Fluidity after 72 hrs ASTM D2532. DIN 51550. @ 40°C.1 shall be given by the supplier shall be given by the supplier 175 185 below limit of quantification 1000 degree of corrosion 0-A degree of corrosion 2-100A3 20 HNBR. Baader Oxidation Test 95°C/72hrs. FPM. increase of Viscosity @ 40°C DIN 51554 Part 3. °C Insolubles Contents DIN ISO 5884. max. % Neutralisation Value DIN 51558 Part 1 mg KOH/g HETG 22 ISO VG 22 Requirements HETG 32 HETG 46 ISO VG 32 ISO VG 46 HETG 68 ISO VG 68 300 24. % Behaviour towards Sealing Materials after 1000hrs @ 80°C.Vegetable Oil Requirements ISO Viscosity Class Kinematic viscosity. max. mm2/s @ -20°C @ 0°C.2 19. Density @ 15°C DIN 51757.2 50. @ 54°C FZG Gear Test load stage fail DIN 51354 Part 2 Mechanical Testing in the Vane Pump Test (mg wear) DIN 51389 Part 2 Ring max. min. @ 40°C. Sequence II max.0 6. max.8 61. min. Sequence III max. AU ± 10 -3/ +10 30 30 7 10 1400 74. CETOP R81H Change in Shore A hardnesss Relative Volume Change max.8 41. max. max. °C Flash Point DIN ISO 2592.4 5. max. Copper Corrosion Test DIN 51759. % Air Release at 50°C DIN 51381. % Water Content DIN 51777..VDMA 24568 .2 7. % Force max. % Elongation max.1 shall be given by the supplier 420 780 35. NBRI.8 165 195 150/0 75/0 150/0 shall be given by the supplier 10 120 30 shall be given by the supplier shall be given by the supplier shall be given by the supplier 04/02 .

min. minutes FZG Gear Test load stage fail DIN 51354 Part 2 Mechanical Testing in the Vane Pump Test (mg wear) DIN 51389 Part 2 Ring max.8 4. mg/kg Steel Corrosion Test DIN 51585. % Elongation max. NBR1. °C Flash Point DIN ISO 2592. ml.8 -12 195 80 °C FPM. minutes Foam Test ASTM D892. Pour Point DIN ISO 3016.1 -18 -15 175 185 below limit of quantification 1000 degree of corrosion 0-A degree of corrosion 2-100A3 20 300 24. 80 °C FPM.8 61.0 6. Vane max. max Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III Demulsification @ 54°C. max..2 50.. @ 100°C. % Behaviour towards sealing materials after 1000h CETOP.Industrial . °C Insolubles Content DIN ISO 5884. % Neutralisation Value DIN 51558 Part 1 mg KOH/g HEES 22 ISO VG 22 Requirements HEES 32 HEES 46 HEES 68 ISO VG 32 ISO VG 46 ISO VG 68 shall be given by the supplier 420 780 35.1 -21 165 1400 74. max. R81H Temperature °C Change in shore A hardness Relative Volume Change max. DIN 51599.Synthetic Ester Oil Requirements ISO Viscosity Class Kinematic Viscosity.. kg/m3 Ash Content (oxides) DIN EN 7.6 28.4 5. @ 40°C.2 19.VDMA 24568 . Copper Corrosion Test DIN 51759. max. max. % Force max. min. % Air Release at 50°C DIN 51381. max. @ 40°C. AU ±10 -3/+10 30 30 7 100 °C FPM 10 150/0 75/0 150/0 shall be given by the supplier 10 120 30 shall be given by the supplier shall be given by the supplier shall be given by the supplier 04/02 . % Water Content DIN 51777. max. Baader Oxidation Test 110°C/72h increase of Viscosity at 40°C DIN 51554 Part 3.8 41. DIN 51550. mm2/s @ -20°C @ 0°C. Density @ 15°C DIN 51757. AU NBR1.2 7.. max.

°C Flash Point DIN ISO 2592.8 -12 195 60 °C HNBR. max. FZG Gear Test load stage fail DIN 51354 Part 2 Mechanical Testing in the Vane Pump Test (mg wear) DIN 51389 Part 2 Ring max. kg/m3 Ash Content (oxides) DIN EN 7. 100 °C HNBR. mg KOH/g Behaviour towards sealing materials CETOP RP81H Temperature. °C Change in Shore A hardness Relative Volume Change max. % Neutralisation Value DIN 51558 Part 1 mg KOH/g HEPG 22 ISO VG 22 Requirements HEPG 32 HEPG 46 HEPG 68 ISO VG 32 ISO VG 46 ISO VG 68 shall be given by the supplier 420 780 35. max. max.1 -21 165 1400 74. NBR1 ±10 -3/+10 30 30 5 10 300/0 300/0 300/0 10 120 30 shall be given by the supplier shall be given by the supplier shall be given by the supplier 04/02 . % Force max.Polyglycol Requirements ISO Viscosity Class Kinematic Viscosity. increase after 1000hrs DIN 51587. max. ml.1 -18 -15 175 185 below limit of quantification 5000 degree of corrosion 0-A degree of corrosion 2-100A3 2. Ageing Test Neutralisation No. minutes Foam Test ASTM D892. °C Insolubles Contents DIN ISO 5884. max. @ 40°C.4 5. mm2/s @ -20°C @ 0°C.2 7. % Elongation max. max. Copper Corrosion Test DIN 51759. min.8 4.8 61. max Sequence I. % Water Content DIN 51777.8 41. FPM FPM. Density @ 15°C DIN 51757. Pour Point DIN ISO 3016.6 28.2 19.VDMA 24568 . NBR1 FPM. Sequence II. min. mg/kg Steel Corrosion Test DIN 51585. @ 100°C. Sequence III. DIN 51550.0 300 24.0 6. 80 °C HNBR.2 50.Industrial . % Air Release @ 50°C DIN 51381. @ 40°C. Vane max.

3 or 57 136 25 Ring & Vane Wt. Wear Plate & Port Plate Ring & Vane Wt. If one test fails.3 73.5 or 79.5 to 76. Loss: Ring. Loss 45 mg.) 28.Hydraulic Oil Pump Test Conditions Test Pump Model Vickers 104C/105C Vane Pump Model T5D-42 Vickers 104C Model P-46 Axial Piston Model 35VQ25 Mobile Application Industrial Application Model S Variable Displacement Model T6C 020 Volume (Litres per Min. max.Industrial .8 1800 150 6 Note: (1) 3 x 50 hour tests using the same oil.4 60 @ 71.1 40 @ 98. 30 mg. but a new cartridge in each test. Visual Assessment 114.9 Viscosity Dependant 11. max Vanes.1 40 @ 98. 121 Vane Contour Increase 0. two additional tests must be run. Vanes.9 1000 300 dry 300 wet (1% water) 65. max Appearance of Bronze on Shoes. total 227 170 10 24-30 1440 25 57 140 25 416 227 2400 2400 1800 60 @ 71.7 80± 5 227 227 340 204 10 10 251 123 38 1775 113 0 to 68 cycling 250 10 Ring & Vane Wt. Loss 50 mg.9 150(1) 93. max Ring & Vane Wt. Loss: Ring. max. 75 mg. max. 04/02 . 120 mg. 15 mg.4 @ 1000 PSI 329 Speed (RPM) Time (Hrs) Temp (°C) Reservoir (Litres) Pressure (Bar) Filter (µm) Input (kW) Pass/Fail Criteria D-2882 Denison HP Vane Pump DIN 51389/2 Denison HP Piston Pump Vickers HP Vane Pump Racine Vane Type Denison HP Vane Type 1200 100 2400 65.015 in.

5 max.0 max. Report 10. Report 10. D2161). 50 max. 100 max. 1.5 max. 100 max. P-55. C.2 max. 04/02 . 5 max.0 max. 10. 200 max. No discoloration 3. 0. Thermal Stability Test (Procedure A) Results After Test Viscosity (D445. 1. P-57 Sludge & Metal Corrosion (1000 hr D943) Neutralisation No. change Sludge or Precipitate.0 max. P-54. 5 max.0 max.0 max.Major OEM Hydraulic Oil Specifications Performance Denison HF-2 Denison HF-0 Vickers Cincinnati Machine P-68.0 max. mg KOH/g Sludge.5 max.2 max. mg Condition of Copper Rod Visual (CM) Metal Removed (per 200 ml). increase 25 max. 0. mg Iron. 4. mg Metal Removed (per 200 ml). mg/100 ml Condition of Steel Rod Visual Deposits (per 200 ml). 100 max.15 max. 1. 0. P-70 Denison HF-1 Rust and Oxidation Cincinnati Machine P-38. 200 max. 100 max. (D664).0 max.0 max. 100 max. 4.M. % change Neutralisation No. Loss (mg/cm2) H2O Acidity (mg KOH/g) Note: 1. mg Hydrolytic Stability (ASTM D2619) Copper Wt. P-69.0 max. Other bench testing is also required for Denison HF-2 and HF-0. ± 50% max. mg. 100 max. 5 max. 10.0 max.Industrial . mg Copper. 25 max. (D974). No discoloration 3.

mg Filterability (Denison procedure) Filtration Time without water Filtration Time with water Rust Test (ASTM D665) 24 hrs Foam (ASTM D892) After 10 minutes Neutralisation No.75 max. mg Denison Axial Piston & Vane Pump Wear Tests (1) Vickers HP Vane Pump Test Weight Loss. P-70 50 max. 600 secs max. Not to exceed two times the filtration rate w/o water Procedure A & B No Foam 600 secs max.5 max. P-57 Pump Wear Test (ASTM D2882) Total wt. P-69.15 max. Note: (1) Both of these tests will be conducted in cooperation with Denison when deemed necessary.2 max. P-46 Denison HF-1 Rust and Oxidation Cincinnati Machine P-38. Not to exceed two times the filtration rate w/o water Procedure A & B No Foam 1. loss @ 100 hrs. 04/02 . P-54. Vanes .Major OEM Hydraulic Oil Specifications Performance Denison HF-2 Denison HF-0 Vickers Cincinnati Machine P-68.Industrial . (ASTM D664) mg KOH/g Procedure A Procedure A & B No Foam Procedure A 0. P-55. T6C 020 P-46 T6C 020 Ring .

signals and tippers and pipe network systems 220 220 140 220 160(1) 140 04/02 .Industrial .Air Compressor Lubricant Standard DIN 51506 Table 1 September 1985 Oil Classification VDL VC VCL VB VBL Note: (1) Some types of compressors up to 180°C with VCL or engine oils. Compressed Air Temperature °C maximum For compressors on moving equipment For compressors with storage tanks for brakes.

5 0.3 5. (ISO 3016) -9 -3 Ash.4 to 50.6 8.4 61.0 ageing (DIN 51352 Part 1) % Mass CRC max. of 20% Not required distillation residue (DIN 51356) Note: Grades VB and VC are pure mineral oils. VCL sulphated ash to be specified by supplier Neutral VBL.02 oxide ash Water soluble Acids (DIN 51558) TAN.2 to 74. VCL to be specified by supplier 0.2 35.6 ISO VG68 61.3 2. VB & VC: 0.8 8. VC.Air Compressor Lubricant Standard DIN 51506 Lube Oil Group VB and VBL ISO VG220 198 to 242 19 Table 2 Part 1: VB.2 90 135 (DIN 51561) to to to to to to max. 24. Flash Point.Industrial .8 195 ISO VG100 90 to 110 11 205 ISO VG150 135 to 165 15 210 -3 ISO Viscosity Class ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO (DIN 51519) VG22 VG32 VG46 VG68 VG100 VG150 Kinematic Viscosity min.8 110 165 @ 40°C.8 41.4 175 ISO VG46 41. Grades VBL and VCL are HD type Engine oils which are used as mineral oils. % m/m.6 6.15 (DIN 51558 Part 1) Water. VBL and VCL Grades VC and VCL ISO VG320 288 to 352 23 ISO VG460 414 to 506 30 255 ISO VG32 28.1 max.8 28. °C.75 04/02 . 175 195 205 210 (ISO 2592) Pour Point.8 11 15 @ 100°C. mm2/s.6 74. °C (COC) min.2 50.5 1.8 to 35. mg KOH/g max. 19. mm2/s 4. (DIN 51675) VB & VC: 0. 225 0 -9 VBL. after air 2.4 6. max. % Mass (ISO 3733) % Mass CRC max.0 0. 2. min. Grade VDL contains additives to increase ageing resistance.2 5. max.

°C (COC) min.2 5. (DIN 51575) Water soluble acids (DIN 51558) TAN.2 to 74. after air/Fe2O3 ageing (DIN 51352 Part 2) % mass CRC max. Flash Point. max.5 0.1 max.6 04/02 . % mass. (ISO 2592) Pour Point. mg KOH/g. max. (ISO 3016) Ash.3 Maximum of five times the value of the new oil 3.8 8.8 Table 2 Part 2: VDL Grades ISO VG100 90 to 110 11 205 ISO VG150 135 to 165 15 210 -3 -9 Sulphated ash to be specified by supplier Neutral To be specified by supplier 0.8 to 35. of 20% distillation residue mm2/s (DIN 51356) ISO VG32 28. % mass (ISO 3733) % mass CRC max. max. (DIN 51558 Part 1) Water.6 6.6 195 VDL ISO VG68 61. of 20% distillation residue (DIN 51356) Kinematic Viscosity @ 40°C max. Not required 2. after air ageing (DIN 51352 Part 1) % mass CRC max.0 0.Industrial .4 175 ISO VG46 41. mm2/s @ 100°C. min. mm2/s. °C.4 to 50.Air Compressor Lubricant Standard DIN 51506 Lube Oil Group ISO Viscosity Class (DIN 51519) Kinematic Viscosity (DIN 51561) @ 40°C.

2 Draft . max. pour points lower than -9°C are required. Rust Emulsion Characteristics Temperature. max.0 20 2. after ageing @ 200°C Evaporation loss.1983 ISO-L-DAB 100 100 150 150 32 32 46 46 68 68 To be stated -9 lb No rust 54 82 30 60 100 100 150 150 Test Method ISO 3448 ISO 3104 (IP71) ISO 3016 (IP15) ISO 2160 (IP154) ISO/DP 7120A (IP135A) ISO/DP 6614 (ASTM D1401) ISO-L-DAA 32 32 46 46 68 68 To be stated -9 lb No rust No requirement 15 No requirement ISO/DP 6617 Part 1 (DIN 51352) 1. %. mm /s Pour Point(1). max. max. 04/02 .0 ISO/DP 6617 Part 2 (DIN 51352) Not applicable 0.Air Compressor Lubricant Standard ISO/DP 6521 Mineral Oil-Based Lubricants for Reciprocating Compressors Category Viscosity Grades Kinematic Viscosity @ 40°C. max. Oxidation Stability after ageing @ 200°C Evaporation loss. Ratio of Viscosity of residue to that of new oil. max. Copper Corrosion.6 5 ISO/DP 6616 with ISO/DP 6615 and ISO 3104 Note: (1) When VG32 or VG46 oils are used in cold climate. %. %.3 0.5 Not applicable 2. °C Time (minutes) to 3 ml Emulsion. °C max.5 3.Industrial . Increase in Conradson Carbon Residue. %. max. Increase in Conradson Carbon residue. mm2/s ± 10% @ 100°C. max. %. Distillation Residue (20% vol) Conradson Carbon Residue.

Foaming Characteristics Sequence I Tendency. may be used satisfactorily.1983 Test Method ISO 3448 ISO 3104 (IP71) ISO 3016 (IP15) ISO 2160 (IP154) ISO/DP 7120A (IP135A) 82 30 ISO/DP 6614 (ASTM D1401) 54 30 82 54 300 nil 300 nil ISO/DP 6247 (IP146) To be decided To be decided To be established Note: (1) When VG32 or VG46 oils are used in cold climate. mm 2/s ±10% Pour Point(1). (2) Required only in those applications where condensation of atmospheric moisture is a problem. which tend to have poor water separating properties. pour points lower than -9°C are required. °C max. ml. max. Oxidation Stability Evaporation Loss. Rust Emulsion Temperature. Stability. ml. °C Time (minutes) to 3 ml Emulsion. max. % Increase in Acidity. max. % Sludge. oils with dispersant additives. Increase in Viscosity. % weight Characteristics(2) 32 32 46 46 ISO-L-DAH 68 68 -9 1b No rust 100 100 150 150 32 32 46 46 ISO-L-DAG 68 68 -9 1b No rust 100 100 150 150 Draft .Industrial . Where this does not apply.Air Compressor Lubricant Standard ISO/DP 6521 Mineral Oil-Based Lubricants for Rotary Screw Compressors Category Viscosity Grades Kinematic Viscosity @ 40°C. %. max. max. 04/02 . Copper Corrosion.

Sequence II.70 0. max.45 360 360 BS 2000: Part 19 BS EN ISO 2160 (3 hr.35 0. Copper Corrosion Classification Acid Number mgKOH/g. ml Sequence I.30 0. @ 40°C. as amended by appendix A Pass 400 50 400 400 50 400 400 100 400 400 100 400 BS2000: Part 146 IP 146 Nil Nil Nil 5 Nil Nil Nil 6 20 10 20 7 30 10 30 10 BS 2000: Part 313 IP 313 0. Viscosity Index. ml Sequence I. Flash Point (COC).80 0. max. °C. max. max. max. °C. Rust-Preventing Characteristics Foaming Characteristics: Foaming Tendency. Sludge % (m/m).Industrial .80 0. max. minutes to 0. Air Release Value.4 50. at 100°C) BS 2000 : Part 177 BS 2000 : Part 135 Procedure B (24 hr test). Sequence III.8 35.6 90 185 -6 61.2% air content at 50° C. at 100°C) IP 1 Method A IP 135 procedure B (24 hr test). Demulsification number.2 74.80 0. max.35 BS 2000: Part 280 IP 280 04/02 . Sequence III.35 0. min. max. max. as amended by appendix A 28.British Standard Specification BS 489: 1999 R & O Turbine Oils Test ISO Viscosity grade (BS 4231) Kinematic Viscosity. Oxidation Characteristics: Total Oxidation Products (TOP) % (m/m). max. seconds. max. Foam Stability after 10 minutes. max. Pour Point. max. mm 2/s min.2 41. TO 32 TO 46 TO 68 TO 100 Test MethodsMethods BS reference Technically identical with IP71 IP 226/77 IP 34 IP 15 IP 19 IP 154 (3 hr.8 90 110 BS EN ISO 3104 BS 2000: Part 226 BS EN 22592 BS 2000: Part 15 300 300 1 0. Sequence II. min.

seconds. Flash Point (COC). max. °C. % mass Water Content. Copper Corrosion 3 hrs at 100°C. Density at 15°C g/ml. max. min. mg KOH/g.2 160 TD46 ISO VG 46 Limits TD68 ISO VG 68 TD100 ISO VG 100 90. max.8 35. minutes.8 185 205 To be specified by supplier -6 To be specified by supplier To be specified by supplier Below the quantitative detectability limit Below the quantitative detectability limit 300 DIN 51 589 Part 1 6 No value specified DIN 51 381 DIN 51 759 DIN 51 585 A DIN 51 587 5 5 2 No rust 2. Neutralisation No.DIN 51515 R & O Turbine Oils (L-TD) Test Lubricating Oil Group ISO Viscosity Grade Kinematic Viscosity at 40°C mm2/s min.4 61.Industrial .. Air Release Property at 50°C. max.2 50. °C. max. TD32 ISO VG 32 28. max. after 1000 hours. Corrosion Protection Properties with Steel Ageing Behaviour: Increase in Neutralisation No. max. % mass Content of solid foreign matter. Pour Point. mg KOH/g Ash (oxide ash).0 04/02 . % mass Water separation ability after steam treatment.0 110 215 DIN 51 519 DIN 51 550 plus DIN 51 561 or DIN 51 562 ISO 2592 DIN 51 757 ISO 3016 DIN51 558 Part 1 DIN EN 7 ISO 3733 Test Methods 41. rating.6 74.

2 95 0.10 50/0 50/0 50/0 3000 500 > 85% of time in original test 5 ASTM Test Method No. (mg KOH/g). ml. (minutes).8 to 35. max Viscosity 98.1 to 5. D287 D1500 D97 D445 D2270 D974 D665 D92 D130 D524 D892 D943 D2272 D2272 D3427 Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III Turbine Oil Oxidation Test (hours.B (24 hours) Flash Point (COC) (°F/°C). min) Oxidation Stability by rotating bomb (minutes).Industrial . max Pour Point (°F).5 2.0 +10 5. max Foam. %.GEK 32568-E Test Gravity (°API) Colour.9°C (mm2/s) 40°C (mm2/s) Viscosity Index. min Copper Corrosion. max Rust Prevention . max Recommended Value 29-33.20 Pass 420/215 1B 0. max 04/02 .7 28. min Neutralization No. max Carbon Residue Ramsbottom. min Oxidation Stability by rotating bomb (modified) Air Release.

5 max.Industrial .7 Ratio of static to Kinetic friction 0.C.2 to 74.80 max.80 max.. mg KOH/g Precipitate or Sludge Condition of Steel Rod Condition of Copper Rod P-47 (G-68) Heavy-Medium Way Oil 18 to 27 typical ISO VG 68 317 to 389 61.Cincinnati Machine Slideway Specifications Chemical and Physical Properties API Gravity at 60°F Viscosity Grade SUS @ 100°F Kinematic Viscosity @ 40°C.). Test Method ASTM D287 ASTM D2422 ASTM D2161 ASTM D445 ASTM D1500 ASTM D92 ASTM D9 ASTM D664 330 360 1. max Frictional Test Thermal Stability Method B Results after test Neutralisation No.). 0.5 max. 0. Flash (C. °F min.O. ASTM D664 CM colour class 04/02 .8 P-50 (G220) Heavy Way Oil 18 to 27 typical ISO VG 220 1047 to 1283 198 to 242 P-53 (HG-32) Combination Hydraulic and Way Oil 20 to 30 typical ISO VG 32 149 to 182 28. increase None No deposit or discolouration 5 max. increase None No deposit or discolouration 5 max. Neutralisation No. 350 410 1.2 8 315 355 0.80 max.7 Ratio of static to Kinetic friction 0. max Flash (C.2 max.8 to 35.60 Ratio of static to Kinetic friction 0. mm2/s Colour. (mg KOH/g oil).O.C. CM stick-slip test 0. increase None No deposit or discolouration 5 max. °F min.

Tractor .

Contents Tractor STOU Specifications: Massey Ferguson CMS-M1139 Ford ESN-M2C-159B John Deere J27 Massey Ferguson CMS-M1144 UTTO Specifications: Massey Ferguson M1127A Massey Ferguson M1127B Massey Ferguson M1135 Massey Ferguson CMS-M1143 Ford ESN-M2C-86C Ford ESN-M2C-134D John Deere J20C MS-1207 .

IAE Gear Rig (2000 rpm.) Rust Prevention: ASTM D665A MF Rust Test JDQ22. 110°C. °C. ml max.0 (Super Tractor Oil Universal) Ford ESN-M2C-159-B (July 1984) CD/SE B1 10W-30 B2 15W-30 B3 20W-40 NR NR 190 10 NR 20/0 50/0 20/0 NR NR NR 1b No Rust NR 10 NR NR NR 25/0 50/0 25/0 John Deere J27 (January 1992) CD/CE SAE 10W-30 SAE 15W-40 NR -33 (10W-30) -30 (15W-40) NR NR 7. max.ml max. min. mm2/s Foaming: (ASTM D892) Sequence I. kg. max.1 (30 sec. Copper Strip Corrosion (3 hrs @ 150°C.) Scuff Load. max. %. Water Sensitivity (0. max. kg.) Viscosity Increase @ 100°C.1 Trace Pass Pass Pass NR NR NR 0. min. Pour Point. % (1) Hardness Change. break time) NR NR NR NR NR NR 100 10 None NR NR API Engine Performance Kinematic Viscosity. max. ml max. Viscosity @ 100°C. 1pt/min. hrs min. mm. Sludging Seal Test (168 hrs @ 120°C) Volume change. mPa. mm2/s Viscosity -18°C (Brookfield). Sequence II. various Transmission Test Note: (1) 180° bend test on itself . Flash Point. 100°C. 65°C.s. Water Separation. Sequence III. ml.Tractor 8000 -30 NR NR NR NR NR NR 100/0 100/0 100/0 1a NR Pass 10 None 0 to +5 +10 NR NR 0 to +10 ± 10 NR 0. max. 1500 rpm 40 kg). max. Sequence III. ml max.5% v/v) Sediment.STOU Specifications Test Massey Ferguson CMS-M1139 (May 1969) CD 10.No cracks. max. Sequence II.4 NR NR 0. ml max. + Water: Sequence I. max. Oxidation Test (100 hrs @ 150°C. % loss @ 100°C. (ASTM D92) Shear Stability IP297/77. Wet Brake Tests. % Hardness change (+ 21 days @ 95°C). max. various IPTO Clutch Tests. Seal Test (70 hrs @ 125°C) Volume Change. points 4-Ball Wear Scar Diameter (1hr. Load Wear Index.1 NR 15 Pass Pass Pass . 04/02 . °C. JDQ102.1 . ml max. min. Additive Loss (% mass).4 55 52 NR NR Pass Pass Pass 0.12.

% Total Acid Number Change. kg FZG Test (A/8. J300D Massey Ferguson CMS-M1144 5W-30 10W-30 10W-40 15W-30 15W-40 20W-40 CD or CE D4 or D5 9. NF E 48-617.Tractor . CEC L14A78 (250 Cycles). Flash Point (COC). Engine Performance API CCMC Kinematic Viscosity at 100°C after shearing.0 min. NFT 60-118°C Copper Corrosion (3hrs @ 100°C).5 max. Report Report 04/02 . 192h/150°C KV 100°C Change. mm Four Ball EP Test. % Deposits Friction Test Dry Filterability (mod. ASTM D665B Rating Oxidation Test. None Pass 1. NF M 07-015 Rating Four Ball Wear (1h/40daN). ASTM D2783 Load Wear Index (LWI).3/90). mg Rust Protection. 9 min. 140 bar/250h/1460 rpm Ring and Vane Weight Loss. 1a max.STOU Specifications Test SAE Classification. 0.4 max. max. No Rust 25 max. 45 min. 75 max. AFNOR) Pour Point. AFNOR) Wet Filterability (mod. Report 10°C below pumpability limit. CEC L07A85 Fail Stage Vickers V104C Vane Pump Test. mm2/s. ASTM D4172 Scar Diameter. °C Foam -18°C Brookfield Viscosity 80 max. 200 min. CEC L48T94.

.3 . -2 to 5 10 IRHD max.6 max. 0.30°C max. 50/0 max. ml Sequence II. 100/0 max. 100°C.11.3 min. ml Seal Test (168 hours/120°C): Volume % change Hardness (+21 days @ 95°C) Viscosity Stability on Heating. - 11. 100°C. 0 to 5 nil 100 min.(1) 200 min. 100hrs @ 150°C % increase @ 100°C Sludge Steel Corrosion (MF methods): Time to fail. mm2/s Viscosity -18°C.30 max. 6000 max. 1a max.0 max. ml Sequence III. °C Shear Stability.8 min.4 max. Pass Pass 04/02 .UTTO Specifications Test M1127A (October 1980) (U. 10 max.(1) Pass 135 min. 0. 50/0 max. 100/0 max.S. . kg IAE Gear Rig (2000 RPM/110°C/1 pint per min.(1) 30 min.): Scuff Load. . 100/0 max. 1b max. mm (1 hr/65°C/1800 rpm/40 kg) MWSD. mm2/s (ASTM D2603) Viscosity Index Copper Corrosion (3 hrs @ 150°C) (3 hrs @ 121°C) Foaming (+ water): Sequence I. hrs Corrosion 4 Ball Wear: MWSD. 50/0 max. 1a max. 4000 max. lb MF Four Square Rig Functional Tests Note: (1) Test as low temperature grade.Tractor . 95 min. 9.5 to 10 10 IRHD max. 7. 120 min.A) Kinematic Viscosity. nil nil 0.7 (99°C) 10000 max. Massey Ferguson M1127B M1135 (May 1969) (Europe) 10.26 max.5 max. cP (Brookfield) Pour Point. 8. mm (1 hr/65°C/1500 rpm/40 kg) 4 Ball (ASTM D2783): LWI Weld Point.

45 min.0 min.s Pour Point. 4000 max. in elongation rupture. mm Four Ball EP Test. 0. AFNOR) Wet Filterability (mod. AFNOR) Massey Ferguson CMS-M1143 9. CEC L14A78 (250 Cycles) KV 100. % Var. % RE4 (150°C): NBR Var. % Friction Test Dry Filterability (mod. °C Foaming Tendency/Stability NF T60-129 Sequence I (24°C). in tensile strength.3/90). NF E 48-617. mPa. CEC L07A85 Fail Stage Vickers V104C Vane Pump Test.5 max. % RE3 (150°C): Silicone Var. in volume. 9 min. ASTM D4172 Scar Diameter. in tensile strength. in hardness DIDC. in tensile strength. in elongation rupture. NFT 60-105. NFT 60-118. mg Rust Protection. % Var. % Total Acid Number Change. in volume. ml/ml Sequence III (24°C). in hardness DIDC. % Var. point Var. ml/ml Copper Corrosion (3h/100°C). mm2/s Kinematic Viscosity at 100°C after shearing. ASTM D665B Rating Oxidation Test. No Rust 25 max. 1a max. in hardness DIDC. None 0/+5 -50/0 -60/0 0/+5 -5/+5 -15/+10 -35/+10 -5/+5 -25/0 -30/+10 -20/+10 0/+30 -5/+5 -20/0 -50/0 -5/+5 Pass 1. in tensile strength. 50/0 max. point Var. % Var. ASTM D2783 Load Wear Index (LWI).4 max. % Deposits Elastomer Compatibility. in hardness DIDC. in elongation rupture. kg FZG Test (A/8. % RE2 (150°C): ACM Var. point Var. % Var. 75 max. % Var. in volume. 50/0 max. CEC L39T87 RE1 (150°C): Fluoro-elastomers Var. % Var.UTTO Specifications Test Kinematic Viscosity at 100°C. NF M07-015 Rating Four Ball Wear (1h/40 daN). (COC). 192h/150°C KV 100°C change. Report 04/02 . in elongation rupture. point Var. % Var. 200 min. mm2/s Dynamic Viscosity at -18°C ASTM D2983.Tractor . NFT 60-100. ml/ml Sequence II (93°C). -34 max. CEC L 48T94. in volume. 50/0 max. °C Flash Point. 80 max. 140 bar/250h/1460 rpm Ring and Vane Weight Loss.

Earlier UTTO specification versions on file. max. max. max. Compatibility 50/50 mix Wet Brake Tests Various IPTO Clutch Tests Various Transmission Tests Various Hydraulic Pump Tests Various Drive Line Durability Various Gear Wear Filterability 9. max.110 50/10 50/10 50/10 NR 50/10 50/10 50/10 NR NR 100 hrs. ml max. NR NR NR 70000 NR -36 200 7.) Oxidation Test (100 hrs @ 150°C) Viscosity Increase @ 100°C. 1992) 9.115 -37 195 NR 91 . Sequence III. °C. NR NR 4000 NR NR -37 190 -16 (D3945) NR 20/0 50/0 20/0 NR NR NR NR 2b max. 3500 max.0 max. Additive Loss (% mass). Copper Strip Corrosion 3 hrs @ 150°C Rust Prevention ASTM D665A Humidity Cabinet (min. mm2/s Viscosity -20°C (D2602) mPa. ml. ml.UTTO Specifications(2) Test Ford ESN-M2C-86C (European) Ford ESN-M2C-134D (November 1989) (U. max.1 (JDQ102) NR 25/0 50/0 25/0 30 max. (% volume).s Viscosity -30°C (D2602) mPa.s Viscosity -18°C (Brookfield) mPa. Pass NR John Deere J20C(1) (Revised) (Sept. % Hardness Change 180° bend 4-Ball MWSD. 100°C. max.0 min. Foam Break Time (secs): + Water: Sequence I. ml. NR NR 95 .) 9. Viscosity Index Pour Point. ml max.1 NR Trace Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass NR 5.1 15 NR Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass NR Pass NR NR Special Case Test Pass Pass NR Pass NR Pass Pass Pass Notes: (1) J20D low viscosity UTTO for cold climates. Sequence II. °C.1 NR Trace Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass NR Pass NR 10 NR NR NR NR 0 to +10 ± 10 No cracks 0. 1986) Kinematic Viscosity. max. max. % max.0 max. Oxidation Stability (JDQ 23) Evaporation Loss (%) Viscosity Increase (%) Sludge Formation Additive Separation Seal Test (70 hrs @ 125°C) Volume Change.S.1 min. Special Case Test NR 100 hrs. Sequence III.s. NR NR NR MS 1207 (Nov. NR NR 4000 NR NR -37 190 -16 (D3945) NR 20/0 50/0 20/0 NR NR NR NR 2b max. Viscosity -35°C. Pass NR 6. 10 NR NR NR NR 0 to +10 ± 10 No cracks 0. None None NR NR NR NR NR NR Various Various NR 0. mPa. mm (1 hr/65°C/1500 rpm/40 kg) max.2 min. 04/02 . 10. 15000 max. Sequence II.0 min.A. (2) UTTO = Universal Tractor Transmission Oil (not for tractor engines). max. Water Sensitivity Sediment. ml max.4 0. min. ml. max. Flash Point.4 0. Water Separation. Aniline Point Foaming: Sequence I.Tractor .s. Shear Stability % change.

Engine Tests .

Contents Engine Tests European Tests: LEF/MAN 535 Mercedes Benz M111 Fuel Economy Test Mercedes Benz M111 Sludge Mercedes Benz OM 364LA Mercedes Benz OM 441LA Mercedes Benz OM 602A MWM KD 12E (MWM-B) Peugeot TU3M High Temperature Test Peugeot TU3M Valve Train Scuffing Peugeot XUD 11 BTE VW 1302 VW Intercooled T/C Diesel VW TDi Diesel US Tests: Caterpillar 1G-2 Caterpillar 1H-2 Caterpillar 1K Caterpillar 1M-PC Caterpillar 1N Caterpillar 1P CRC L-38 Cummins M11 Detroit Diesel 6V-92TA Mack T-6 Mack T-7 Mack T-8/T-8E Mack T-9 Roller-Follower Wear Test Sequence IID Sequence IIIE Sequence VE Sequence VI .

LEF/MAN 5305.5 BHP). 43 kW (58. piston cleanliness and oil consumption rated. Speed. Oil Sump Temp. hrs. 2... °C Fuel 200 2200 115 95 CEC RF-90-A-92 Method of Rating: Bore polishing.LEF/MAN 535 CEC L-50-T-99 Equipment Used: Single cylinder. 04/02 Engine Tests . °C Coolant Out Temp. rpm. turbocharged diesel engine.0 litres. Purpose: Evaluation of SHPD oils against MAN QC 13-017 Specification. Test Conditions: Duration.

rpm. piston cleanliness and oil consumption rated. turbocharged diesel engine. °C Fuel 200 2200 115 95 CEC RF-90-A-92 Method of Rating: Bore polishing.. Oil Sump Temp. Speed.0 litres. LEF/MAN 5305. 43 kW (58. hrs.LEF/MAN 535 CEC L-50-T-99 Equipment Used: Single cylinder. Purpose: Evaluation of SHPD oils against MAN QC 13-017 Specification.. °C Coolant Out Temp. 04/02 Engine Tests . Test Conditions: Duration. 2.5 BHP).

0L gasoline injection with four valves per cylinder. Purpose: To evaluate the performance of engine oils in respect of fuel economy.Mercedes Benz M111 Fuel Economy Test CEC L-54-T-96 Equipment Used: Standard production Mercedes Benz 2. Reduction in fuel consumption is expressed as a % fuel economy benefit. Test Conditions: The test procedure is based upon the ECE R15-04 and EUDC emissions test cycles. Method of Rating: Fuel consumption through the test cycle is compared against that of a base line calibration oil. 04/02 Engine Tests . It uses flying flush oil systems to compare oils against a base line calibration oil.

0L gasoline injection with four valves per cylinder. Piston cleanliness (DIN 51361 Part No.O.cylinders differ in hardware set up). four cylinder 2. 3850 rpm. Phase 1: 48 hours of cyclic cold stage (includes 6 starts at -40°C ambient air temperature 25°C). 75 hour alternating stage (21/2 min. W. tappets. cams.T. W. 21/2 min. timing chain. 100 hours full cyclic stage based on M102E procedure with 10 steps of varying speed.. load and temperature. timing cover . Phase 2: Phase 3: Phase 4: Fuel: Method of Rating: Black sludge (CRC Manual No.T. Cam wear. Special engine required (bearings. 1 hour power curve. Modified gear box by-passed by one piece main shaft arrangement or standard gear box is used. 04/02 Engine Tests . Purpose: To evaluate the performance of engine oils to control the formation of black sludge on engine internal surfaces. piston rings.). Test Conditions: No run in.O. Also measured are piston deposits and cam wear. 3750 rpm.12).Mercedes Benz M111 Sludge CEC L-53-T-95 Equipment Used: Mercedes Benz M111 E20. 2). RF-86-A-96.

oil consumption. rpm.30% S) Stage 4 50 2400 102 (137) Method of Rating: Pistons rated for cleanliness.. Power..5 1500 70 (94) Stage 3 0.5 2400 102 (137) Stage 2 0. kW (bhp). Cams and followers rated for wear.2 RF 90-A-92 (0. Stage 1 Duration. °C Oil Charge.5 1000 30 (40) 105 30 126 5. hrs. sludge. To evaluate piston deposits. Test Conditions: The engine is run according to a cyclic procedure. Total duration 300 hours consisting of 3 x 100 hour phases of 20 x 21/2 hour cycles plus 50 hours steady state. 04/02 Engine Tests . Fuel Specification 1. cylinder liners rated for bore polish and wear. Speed. intercooled diesel engine. varnish. 4 litre turbocharged. Coolant Outlet Temp. °C Oil Temperature. kg.Mercedes Benz OM 364LA CEC L-42-T-99 Equipment Used: Purpose: Mercedes Benz OM 364LA. Oil consumption reported.25 to 0. wear. °C Intake Air Temp.

turbocharged.0 1330 0. °C Oil Charge. kW (bhp). 50 hours cyclic (4 stages) followed each time by 50 hours constant speed/load. Bore polish. °C Intake Air Temp. Inlet system deposits.5 1140 0. Test Conditions: 400 hour test programme. intercooled 250 kW engine with electronically controlled fuel pump. kg. Sludge. Cylinder wear. Purpose: To evaluate the performance of engine oils in respect of performance in low emission high performance diesel engines..Mercedes Benz OM 441LA CEC L-52-T-97 Equipment Used: Mercedes Benz OM 441LA EURO II V6.5 2120 0. Power. °C Oil Temperature. Turbocharger boost pressure drop. Oil consumption.1 RF 93-T-95 (0. Coolant Outlet Temp.5 250 (335) 210 (281) 185 (248) 2 (3) 105 25 > 123 16. hrs. rpm.. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Constant Speed 1900 50 250 (335) Speed. Fuel Specification 1900 1. Duration.05 % S) Method of Rating: Piston cleanliness. 04/02 Engine Tests .

04/02 Engine Tests . Piston cleanliness. Sludge. Max. oil temperature 142°C. five cylinder in-line. medium speed and high speed operating conditions. Min. Bore polish. To evaluate the performance of engine oils in respect of cam and cylinder wear under a combination of stop and go..Mercedes Benz OM 602A CEC L-51-A-98 Equipment Used: Purpose: Mercedes Benz OM602A indirect injection. Method of Rating: Cylinder and cam wear. which is repeated 200 times giving a test duration of 200 hours. Currently 23 stages per cycle which includes 16 ramps. Test Conditions: Complex test cycle of 60 mins. Oil viscosity increase. oil temperature 52°C. turbocharged.

hrs.MWM KD 12E (MWM-B) CEC L-12-A-76. Power.3) 110 110 1 Method of Rating: The three ring grooves and the first and second lands are assessed for deposits. °C Fuel Sulphur. Compression ratio 22 to 1. DIN 51361 Equipment Used: MWM KD 12E. Coolant Out Temp. Test Conditions: Duration. single cylinder. %(1) 50 2200 10. °C Oil Sump Temp. Speed. 04/02 Engine Tests .. Purpose: To assess high performance diesel engine oils with respect to their influence on piston cleanliness. The piston rings are also checked for ring sticking. A final piston cleanliness rating is determined based on the five individual ring zone assessments. Reporting of piston skirt and piston undercrown is optional. kW (bhp). Note: (1) To CEC RF-91-A-81 specification. rpm.7 (14. naturally aspirated 850cc diesel engine..

kW (bhp). Test Conditions: The test comprises 96 hours of maximum speed and load running at elevated temperatures. Power. Test Duration. 04/02 Engine Tests . Note: A replacement test based on the Peugeot TU5 engine should become available in 2000. Method of Rating: CEC M 02-A-78. 96 5500 50 Minm 150 110 16. Every 12 hours the engine is stopped for an automatic forced oil make up of 600g. ring sticking and oil thickening during sustained high temperature running conditions. Engine (r/min).5 Oil Make Up 10 (mins) Idle/stopped 0 Record Record - Ignition advance is increased 2° and fuelling by 15% to increase test severity. hrs. Oil Coolant Out Temp..Peugeot TU3M High Temperature Test CEC L-55-T-95 Equipment Used: Peugeot TU3M OHC four cylinder. 1360cc gasoline engine with mono-point fuel injection. Purpose: To evaluate the ability of a lubricant to control piston deposits. °C Fuel Cons. It is unlikely to have any oil top-ups. kg/hr.

Purpose: The method is used to evaluate the performance of engine oils in respect of valve train scuffing in a combination of hot and cold running conditions. hrs. 04/02 Engine Tests . Engine Torque.5 Part B 60 3000 35 100 90 4. °C Fuel Consumption. fitted with batch approved cams and followers. four cylinder gasoline engine. Oil Temp. Engine Speed.0 Fuel: RF 83-A-91 Method of Rating: The data is reported as ratings of the rocker pads according to the CEC M-02-A-78 test method and cam nose wear.Peugeot TU3M Valve Train Scuffing CEC L-38-A-94 Equipment Used: OHC Peugeot TU3M. 100 hrs. °C Coolant Out Temp. Total Duration. Nm. Part A Duration. 1360cc. rpm. kg/hr.. 40 1500 10 40 45 1. Test Conditions: The test comprises two individual sequences run under different test conditions..

°C Fuel Forced Oil Make-up 80 100 110 RF 90-A-92 every 8.Peugeot XUD 11 BTE CEC L-56-T-95 Equipment Used: Peugeot 2088cc. indirect injection diesel engine with EGR pollution control system and electronic fuel injection. kW Coolant Out Temp. Power from zero to above. 75 hours of 2 mins idle. fuel timing and boost pressure to achieve exhaust temperature of 800±20°C and Bosch smoke of 2.2. The evaluations are based on piston cleanliness and increase of viscosity. turbo-charged. °C Oil Gallery Temperature.0±0. (2 x 30 sec ramps). 4300 rpm.5 hours Method of Rating: Oil viscosity increase at 3% soot content Soot content Piston cleanliness CEC L-83-A-97 CEC L-82-A-97 CEC M-02-A-78 04/02 Engine Tests . Test Conditions: Engine set-up balances fuel rate.. Purpose: To evaluate the performance of engine oils in respect of control of combustion soot. 27 mins.

piston cleanliness and oil consumption. Skirt rating includes a lead paint deposit assessment. Piston lands. To evaluate gasoline crankcase oils with respect to engine wear.3 litre. kW (bhp).8 (44) 100 Every 10 hours Premium Leaded Gasoline DIN 51600 Method of Rating: Oil consumption measured.VW 1302 DKA 6/79 Equipment Used: Purpose: VW 1302. grooves. undercrown and skirt are assessed for deposits (100 merit = clean). Speed. Oil Sump Temperature. 04/02 Engine Tests . hrs. Power. Main. 1. four cylinder Boxer gasoline engine. °C Oil Levelling Fuel 50 4200 (wide open throttle) 32. NB. rpm. camshaft and big end bearings and piston rings are measured for wear. Test Conditions: Duration. according to the DIN procedure. aircooled.

3 Method of Rating: Pistons rated for groove and land deposits and for ring sticking. °C Water Temperature. Speed. % 50 4500 55 (75) 130 90 0. Power. Test Conditions: Duration. hrs. kW (bhp). Oil Temperature. 04/02 Engine Tests .VW Intercooled T/C Diesel CEC L-46-T-93 Equipment Used: Purpose: VW four cylinder. turbocharged and intercooled diesel engine. rpm.6 litre. Diesel detergency test for passenger car turbocharged diesel engines run under high load conditions. 1. °C Fuel Sulphur.

intercooled diesel engine with direct injection.VW TDi Diesel CEC L-78-X-99. Test Conditions: Duration. Power. °C Water Temperature. Oil Temperature. No oil additions permitted. kW (bhp). turbocharged. hrs.3 Method of Rating: Pistons rated for groove and land deposits and for ring sticking. 04/02 Engine Tests .5 Ltrs. P-VW 1452 Equipment Used: VW four cylinder. Speed. °C Fuel Sulphur. rpm. Purpose: Diesel detergency test for passenger car diesel engines run under high load conditions.9 litre. 54 4500 82 (110) 145 90 0. % Test oil fill 4. 1.

Power.Caterpillar 1G-2 Equipment Used: Purpose: Single cylinder supercharged diesel engine (1Y73). kW (bhp).. Evaluation of ring sticking. Coolant Out Temp. 04/02 Engine Tests . % 480 1800 42 88 0. Speed. rpm.43 Method of Rating: Engine rated for total piston demerits. top groove carbon filling and ring side clearance loss. ring and cylinder wear and piston deposits. °C Fuel Sulphur. Test Conditions: Duration hrs.37 – 0.

rpm. Speed. kW (bhp).43 Method of Rating: Engine rated for total piston demerits.37 – 0. % 480 1800 42 88 0. top groove carbon filling and ring side clearance loss. °C Fuel Sulphur. 04/02 Engine Tests . Evaluation of ring sticking.. Test Conditions: Duration hrs. Coolant Out Temp. Power. ring and cylinder wear and piston deposits.Caterpillar 1G-2 Equipment Used: Purpose: Single cylinder supercharged diesel engine (1Y73).

6 (33) 82 6 qts.II). Oil Temperature.2 Equipment Used: Purpose: Single cylinder supercharged diesel engine (1Y73). lands. 04/02 Engine Tests . medium severity supercharged conditions. % Oil Make Up 480 1800 24. Diesel detergency test for high speed. FTMS 791C-FTM 346. rpm. Speed. °C Oil Charge Fuel Sulphur.4 Forced make-up every 12 hours Oil change every 120 hours Method of Rating: Piston rated for deposits (grooves. hrs. (US)(≈ 5kg) 0. Power.Caterpillar 1H-2 ASTM STP 509A (Pt. Calculated Total Weighted Demerit and Top Groove Fill (%) are the ratings of main importance. kW (bhp). Test Conditions: Duration. skirt) ring stick and ring side clearance.

Coolant Flow (galls. Purpose: Diesel detergency test for high speed. oil consumption. °F/°C Exhaust Gas. kW (bhp). and oil deterioration.1 17. % 252 2100 67 (91) 200 260/127 1025 71. °F Inlet Air. liner polish and wear. Method of Rating: Parameters assessed include piston deposits. Engine Speed.000 0. hrs. severe supercharged conditions. min).0 15. piston ring projections and wear. Coolant Out Temp.. 04/02 Engine Tests .3 28. Fuel Sulphur. Air Fuel Ratio Fuel Injection Pressure (psi).Caterpillar 1K ASTM RR: D-2-XXXX Equipment Used: Single cylinder supercharged diesel engine (1Y540) using one piece aluminium piston.35 min. Test Conditions: Duration. °F Inlet Air Pressure (in Hg). Power. rpm.

. Power kW. hrs. rpm. Evaluation of ring sticking. Engine Speed. % * After 1 hour run-in 120* 1800 42 88 0. Piston grooves and lands rated for carbon deposits.4 Method of Rating: Piston and liner inspected. Test Conditions: Duration.Caterpillar 1M-PC Equipment Used: Purpose: Single cylinder supercharged diesel engine (1Y73). ring and cylinder wear and piston deposits. Cylinder liner and piston ring wear determined. 04/02 Engine Tests . Coolant Out Temp. °C Fuel Sulphur. (bhp).

. Fuel Sulphur. Test Conditions: Duration.05 Method of Rating: Piston deposits rated to include top groove fill (TGF) %. ºC Fuel Injection Pressure (psi). hrs.000 0. Coolant Out Temp. Average oil consumption measured.Caterpillar 1N Equipment Used: Single cylinder supercharged diesel engine (1Y540) using one piece aluminium piston. rpm. No stuck piston rings or piston. % 252 2100 67 (91) 93 15. Power. top land heavy carbon (TLHC) % and weighted deposits (WDK). ring or liner distress are allowed. 04/02 Engine Tests . Purpose: To determine acceptability of oils for Caterpillar engines. based on evaluation of oil consumption and piston deposits. kW (bhp). Engine Speed.

. 04/02 Engine Tests . Engine Speed. (psi) Fuel Sulphur. Test Conditions: Duration. non-intercooled 1Y3700 engine. Evaluation of piston deposits and oil consumption when using two-piece pistons with forged steel crown and aluminium skirt. % 360 55 (74) 1800 60 130 28. hrs.Caterpillar 1P Equipment Used: Purpose: Single cylinder.000 0. Inlet Air Temp..03 – 0. °C Oil Temp. kW (bhp). rpm. Top Groove and Top Land Carbon (TGC and TLC) and oil consumption rated. Power. °C Fuel Injection Pressure.05 Method of Rating: Total Weighted Piston Deposits (WDP).

hrs.69 litre. To evaluate copper/lead corrosion. Coolant Out Temperature. 40 3150 Not controlled 93 143* Method of Rating: Weight loss of bearings is measured. Engine parts are rated for varnish and sludge deposits.2. Speed. spark ignition. rpm.CRC L-38 FTM 791C-FTM 3405. oxidation and deposit formation tendencies under high speed/high temperature conditions. °C Oil Temperature. Single cylinder. 04/02 Engine Tests . Power. 0. Shear stability data are obtained by measuring viscometric changes of samples taken at 10 hour intervals. Can also be used to assess shear stability. IV Equipment Used: Purpose: Labeco CLR laboratory oil test engine. kW (bhp). Test Conditions: Duration. °C *135°C for SAE 10W only. ASTM STP 509A Pt.

Torque. rpm. Engine runs 15% over-fuelled with alternate 50 hour cycles of retarded and standard timing. °C 200* 254 (341) . 11 Litre in-line.Cummins M11 Equipment Used: Purpose: 1994 Cummins. Method of Rating: Weight losses of valve cross-heads. kW (bhp). sludge and differential pressure across oil filter are rated. 04/02 Engine Tests . Coolant Out Temp.275 (370) 1600 . oil filter plugging and sludge formation on the rocker covers. Engine Speed. Power. Nm. Test Conditions: Duration..1800 1340 . hrs. six cylinder engine. °C Oil Gallery Temp.1660 88 115 * May run for 30 hours according to application. To evaluate soot abrasive wear of the valve train..

Evaluation of ability of lubricant to protect critical cylinder components under typical conditions of use. six cylinder.. Oil Sump Temp. Test Conditions: Duration 100 hrs. other half at full rated power. Half of running at full load. two stroke turbocharged diesel engine. max. Power..Detroit Diesel 6V . °C 1200 300 – 320 112 – 119 340 84 Power Mode 2300 490 – 510 123 – 131 340 84 Method of Rating: Rings. liners. g/hr. Load Mode Speed. Coolant Out Temp. slipper bushings and piston skirts rated for distress which relates to overall engine life. °C Oil Consumption. rpm. 04/02 Engine Tests .92TA Equipment Used: Purpose: Detroit Diesel 6V-92TA.. kW (bhp). consisting of six cycles.

Test Conditions: Total Duration. The sum of the five ratings gives the total Mack Merit rating. 600 (50 x 12 hr cycles) Phase 1 Phase 2 4 1800 168 (228) 113 88 110. 11. °C Fuel Flow. rpm..6 0.1 – 0. Power. hrs. intercooled diesel engine. See Section C.3 12 samples are taken during the test for used oil analysis. six cylinder turbocharged. Oil Sump Temp. Speed.1 Phase 3 4 2100 174 (237) 113 88 122 Time.hrs. MACK 5GT 49 Equipment Used: Mack ETAZ 673.0 litres.MACK T-6 ASTM RR: D-2-1219. Method of Rating: The five parameters as described in the Mack Merit Rating System are rated. lbs/hr. °C max. 04/02 Engine Tests . kW (bhp). Fuel Sulphur. Coolant Out Temp. % 4 1400 141 (191) 113 88 91. reported and awarded a Merit Rating.. Purpose: High severity diesel detergency and ring wear test.

rpm. % 150 at full load 1200 132 (180) 113 85 0. 04/02 Engine Tests . kW (bhp). Oil Sump Temp. hrs. Purpose: Evaluation of viscosity increase of lubricants in medium speed..0 litres. 283 bhp. Power. turbocharged. six cylinder turbocharged. intercooled diesel engine. Test Conditions: Duration. 11. °C Coolant Out Temp.MACK T-7 ASTM RR: D-2-1220.5 max. Speed. °C Fuel Sulphur. Method of Rating: Viscosity increases from used oil analysis are measured. intercooled four-cycle diesel engines.. MACK 5GT 57 Equipment Used: Mack EM6-285.

04/02 Engine Tests . 12. lb/ft.0005 lbs/BHP/hr.03 – 0. intercooled diesel engine.05 Method of Rating: Viscosity increases from used oil analysis are measured.. Torque. 350 BHP. °C Coolant Out Temp. rpm. Test method also stipulates max. % 1800 1010 – 1031 102 – 107 85 0.MACK T-8 / T-8E MACK 5GT 82 Equipment Used: Mack E7-350. °C Fuel Sulphur. six cylinder turbocharged.0 litres. oil consumption of 0. hrs.. Oil Sump Temp. 250 at full load (T-8) 300 at full load (T-8E) Speed. Test Conditions: Duration. Purpose: Evaluation of viscometric performance and soot loading of engine oils in turbocharged and intercooled diesel engines.

.MACK T-9 Equipment Used: Purpose: 1994 Mack. Method of Rating: Top ring weight loss. kW (bhp). rpm. 04/02 Engine Tests . Test Conditions: Duration. six cylinder engine. cylinder liner wear and increase in lead concentration (new/used oil) are measured. 12 Litre VMAC 11.5 – 2. Oil Temp. 15% over fuelled to produce ring and liner wear.0% soot. Evaluation of bearing. piston ring and cylinder liner wear. Engine Speed. in-line. °C 500 265 (356) – 290 (390) 1250 – 1800 99 – 107 85 First 75 hours of test with retarded timing to generate 1. Power. Remaining 425 hours at peak torque. hrs.. °C Coolant Out Temp.

34 (46) 120 04/02 Engine Tests . Evaluation of valve train wear not related to soot.5 Litre diesel engine.Roller-Follower Wear Test Equipment Used: Purpose: GM 6. rpm. Coolant Out Temp.. kW (bhp). °C 1000 30 (41) . Test Conditions: Engine Speed. Power.

. Oil Temp.. °C Coolant Out Temp. Measures ability of oil to protect valves train components against rusting or corrosion under low temperature. rpm. °C Fuel Note: S/D = shutdown 28 1500 18.7 litre Oldsmobile V8 gasoline engine with no exhaust gas recirculation.6 (25) 49 2 1500 18.Sequence IID ASTM STP 315H Part 1 Equipment Used: Purpose: 5. Power.6 (25) 49 43 0. hrs. kW (bhp). short-trip service conditions. 04/02 Engine Tests .6 (100) 127 S/D 93 ASTM Approved Leaded Gasoline Method of Rating: Hydraulic valve lifter mechanisms are evaluated for rust and sticking.5 S/D S/D S/D 49 2 3600 74. Speed. Test Conditions: Duration.

rpm. cfm.. Purpose: Evaluates an engine oil for its ability to minimise high temperature oxidation and thickening. Blowby Rate. Oil Temp. and wear. Fuel 64 3000 50 (68) 149 30 16.Sequence IIIE ASTM STR 315H Part 2 Equipment Used: 3. 8:1 compression ratio. hrs. Power. Test Conditions: Duration. °C Oil Pressure.8 litre (231 CID) Buick V6. sludge and varnish deposits. kW (bhp). Speed.375 gallons 04/02 Engine Tests .5 Leaded Gasoline (GMR 995) . (psi).

4 75 2500 25 (33. °C Coolant Out Temp. kW (bhp). 9.5:1 compression ratio. low temperature “stop/go” city driving and moderate motorway operation.75 (1. °C Fuel 120 2500 25 (33.Sequence VE Equipment Used: 2.3 litre Ford four cylinder fast burn engine with electronic fuel injection.5) 98.0 45 750 0. Power.9 85.3 29. rpm.0) 46. Total Duration. Purpose: This test evaluates an engine oil for its ability to protect against sludge. varnish deposits and valve train wear.5) 68.1 29.. Speed. hrs..4 Unleaded Gasoline (Phillips J) 04/02 Engine Tests . 288 Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Duration. Test Conditions: Simulates severe field service characterised by a combination of low speed. mins. Oil Temp.

hrs. Coolant Out Temp. Test Conditions: Total Duration..8 litre Gasoline Engine. rpm. 65 Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Duration. To evaluate Equivalent Fuel Economy Improvement (EFEI) of an oil. kW (bhp). hrs.Sequence VI ASTM RR: D-2-1204 Equipment Used: Purpose: Buick V6. Power. 3. Speed. °C 13 1500 6 (8) 54 66 32 1500 6 (8) 93 107 20 1500 6 (8) 110 135 04/02 Engine Tests .. °C Oil Temp.

Rig Tests .

Contents Rig Tests European Tests: CEC Tractor IPTO Test Denison T6C Hydraulic Vane Pump Test Ford Tractor Wet Brake Test Four-Ball Extreme Pressure Test Four-Ball Wear Test FZG Load-Carrying Capacity Test FZG Low Speed Test FZG Micropitting Test IP High Torque Test MB Planetary Gear Rig Schmidt/Ethyl Tribo Tester Slideway Oil Test Shear Stability Test .Kurt Orban The Brugger Test Timken Extreme Pressure Test VW Shear Stability Test ZF Synchroniser Rig US Tests: Gear Oil Corrosion Test High Speed Axle Test High Speed Shock Test High Torque Axle Test Thermal Oxidation Stability Test .

Method: Powered by the tractor engine. Equipment: A Ford New Holland 4600 tractor. Typical criteria are: Minimum number of complete stalls: 100. The time for each stall is recorded. against a fixed stop.CEC Tractor IPTO Test Scope: Assesses the performance of a lubricant in maintaining the function of an IPTO (Independent Power Take-Off) wet clutch under conditions representing the most severe field operation.5 through the test. the IPTO clutch is stalled 100 times. 04/02 Rig Tests .5 hours. in a continuously operated test taking approximately 3. is fitted with a new sintered bronze IPTO clutch pack. rising to not more than 4. Mean stall time. secs: 1-3 at start. with a modified hydraulic system and suitable instrumentation. Significance: The test is required for a Ford New Holland tractor transmission and STOU lubricant approvals. Rating: The time for each stall is plotted against the stall number and the clutch pack is examined for wear and distortion.

Mean stall time. Typical criteria are: Minimum number of complete stalls: 100.CEC Tractor IPTO Test Scope: Assesses the performance of a lubricant in maintaining the function of an IPTO (Independent Power Take-Off) wet clutch under conditions representing the most severe field operation.5 hours. against a fixed stop. in a continuously operated test taking approximately 3. Equipment: A Ford New Holland 4600 tractor.5 through the test. with a modified hydraulic system and suitable instrumentation. The time for each stall is recorded. is fitted with a new sintered bronze IPTO clutch pack. rising to not more than 4. Significance: The test is required for a Ford New Holland tractor transmission and STOU lubricant approvals. Method: Powered by the tractor engine. the IPTO clutch is stalled 100 times. secs: 1-3 at start. Rating: The time for each stall is plotted against the stall number and the clutch pack is examined for wear and distortion. 04/02 Rig Tests .

Method: The same fluid is used for 2 305-hr test phases. Equipment: Denison T6C Vane Pump Rig which circulates fluid while cycling the pump output pressure and maintaining fluid flow. first with < 0. 04/02 Rig Tests .05% water then with 1% water. A new pump cartridge is used for each phase. France. Specification: Denison Specification TP-30283.Denison T6C Hydaulic Vane Pump Test Scope: To evaluate the wear and filter blocking performance of hydraulic fluids in controlled conditions with and without water contamination. Rating: Rating is carried out by Denison at their factory in Vierzon.

04/02 Rig Tests . Significance: The test is required for a Ford New Holland tractor transmission and STOU lubricant approvals. total weight of 9600 lbs (4355 kg). Method: A Ford 6610. brake noise and brake oil temperature during each part of the test.Ford Tractor Wet Brake Test Scope: The method evaluates the performance of oils in respect of noise control when used in tractor oil immersed brakes. Brake assisted spin turns. together with a subjective noise report. PART (B) PART (C) The tractor is instrumented to record brake pedal effort deceleration. Rating: Tabulated and graphical results of the recorded data are presented. both with a laden tractor and with tractor only. PART (A) Deceleration/Stopping from maximum speed. is used for a three part procedure which reflects noise provoking and brake stress conditions occuring in service. A drag or fade test to simulate downhill running with continuous brake application.

Four-Ball Extreme-Pressure Test ASTM D2783 Scope: Covers two determinations of the load-carrying properties of lubricating fluids: (a) Load-Wear Index (formerly Mean Hertz load). Specifications: The user should determine to his own satisfaction whether the results correlate with field performance or other bench test machines. and (b) Weld Point. A series of tests of 10 seconds duration are made at increasing load until welding occurs. Method: The four-ball EP tester is operated with one steel ball rotating against three steel balls held stationary in the form of a cradle. The speed of rotation is 1780 rpm. The equation for load-wear index reflects the ability of a lubricant to carry a high load without welding and to allow only relatively small wear scars at loads below the weld point. 04/02 Rig Tests . Equipment: A standardised machine design is used. Load-Wear Index: An index of the ability of the lubricant to prevent wear at applied loads. Weld Point: The lowest load in kilograms at which the rotating ball welds to the three stationary balls. The lubricant under test covers the lower three balls.

Specifications: The user of this method should determine to his own satisfaction whether the results of this procedure correlate with field performance or other bench test machines. Evaluation of greases using the same machine is detailed in Method D2266. Method: Three 12. Equipment: A standardised machine design is used.Four-Ball Wear Test ASTM D4172 Scope: Covers a procedure for making a preliminary evaluation of anti-wear properties of fluid lubricants. Lubricants are compared by using the average size of the scar diameters worn on the lower three clamped balls. A fourth half-inch steel ball is pressed with a force of 147 or 392 N into the cavity formed by the three balls for the “three-point contact”.7 mm diameter steel balls are clamped together and covered with the lubricant under test. The temperature of the test lubricant is regulated at 75°C and the top ball is rotated at 1200 rpm for 60 minutes. 04/02 Rig Tests .

FZG Load-Carrying Capacity Test IP334/DIN 51354
Scope: Assess the relative load-carrying capacities of oils when used to lubricate steel/steel spur gears.

Equipment:

The FZG spur gear test rig consists of a closed power circuit with drive and test gears connected by two torsion shafts. One of the shafts has a positive clutch for application of the load.

Method:

Special gear wheels are run in the lubricant under test at a constant speed for a fixed time. The initial oil temperature is controlled but allowed to rise freely during each stage of the test. Loading is raised in stages. The test is continued until the damage load stage is reached, but if no damage occurs at load stage 12 the test is terminated.

Ratings:

The gears are inspected visually, without removal, at the end of each load stage. The failure load stage is determined by the summation of deep scoring, seizure lines or seizure areas on any of the gear teeth.

Results:

The load stage in which failure occurs is reported together with the test conditions; e.g. A/8.3/90, where A = gear type, 8.3 = pinion speed at pitch circle in m/sec, and 90 = initial temperature in oil sump in °C. These are the usual conditions, but they can be changed as required.

Specifications:

Results are reported in terms of the highest pass stage for the IP method or the first fail load stage, for the DIN Method.

04/02

Rig Tests

FZG Low Speed Test

Scope:

Based on a test originally developed by Chevron, this new procedure has been adopted by ASTM D 4998-89 for the evaluation of final drive lubricants for use in agriculture tractors and similar off-road applications.

Method:

Using the same test equipment and gear wheels as for the FZG load-carrying capacity test, this procedure requires a fixed load durability run to the following conditions. Lubricant Temp., °C Load Stage Motor Speed, r/min. Duration, Revolutions 121 10 100 ± 3 120,000

Results:

The data is reported as total weight loss for both test gears, together with the total number of teeth exhibiting wear. The precision of the method has not been determined.

Note:

CEC test method development working group has abandoned the method until further research studies are completed. This is due to poor discrimination.

04/02

Rig Tests

FZG Micropitting Test

Scope:

Evaluates the ability of gear lubricants to resist micropitting.

Equipment:

A FZG gear rig is specially adapted to supply spray lubrication at a given rate and temperature to both the slave and spur gear boxes.

Method:

The two part procedure comprises a load stage test followed by an endurance test. During the load stage test, the ability of the gear lubricant tribological systems to resist micropitting is determined. The endurance test provides information on the progress of the damage after a higher number of load cycles.

Results:

The gears are examined for weight loss, area of micropitting involute profile deviation.

04/02

Rig Tests

IP High Torque Test IP232
Scope: Assess the ability of a lubricant to prevent tooth surface distress in a hypoid automotive axle under conditions of high torque - low speed at an an oil temperature of 107°C (Procedure A) or 135°C (Procedure B).

Method:

A Standard Vanquard Phase I Hypoid rear axle is operated in a special test rig under conditions of high torque - low speed. The performance of the oil is evaluated by the examination of the axle components for tooth surface distress, corrosion and deposits.

Specifications:

CS3000B requirements (Procedure B) are that the gear teeth be free from evidence of scuffing, rippling, ridging, pitting or wear and that there is no corrosion or rusting of the half shafts or axle housing.

04/02

Rig Tests

shows a significant increase.4 14. 04/02 Rig Tests .8 11. taken every second cycle.0 8. excessive noise is heard.6 -5. DURATION (sec) SPEED (rpm) TORQUE (KNm) 154 288 154 88 154 46 154 24 58 17 25 4 6 3 1 5 154 30 446 154 414 420 480 420 420 420 420 420 420 420 360 420 360 420 360 420 300 420 0 480 420 480 -2. Method: The test cycle below is repeated until a tooth breaks.4 -2.0 10.0 -2. or the iron content of the oil sample.8 -4.4 -2.high torque non steady state conditions.MB Planetary Gear Rig Scope: To assess the relative EP/antiwear and anti-pitting properties of gear oils under low speed .5 13.0 7.8 Inlet oil temperature controlled at 100°C Rating Method: The two sun gears and ten planetary gears are inspected for amount of pitting and wear on the teeth.0 11.0 0 7.1 -2.6 -2.9 -3.3 -2.0 9.7 12. Equipment: The MB Planetary Gear rig is based upon a Mercedes-Benz screening rig using vehicle hub reduction units.

The angle at which the block moves 20 µm is used to calculate the ‘Schmidt Coefficient of Friction’ which uses a calculation developed by the Hans Schmidt Tribology Laboratory for their original slideway test machine. The slideway is gradually inclined until the sliding block begins to move. After completing the run-in. 04/02 Rig Tests . 10 test cycles are carried out to determine the ‘Schmidt Coefficient of Friction’ of the oil. Results: Graphical plots of all the run-in and test cycles are presented along with the calculated results of the 10 test cycles.Schmidt/Ethyl Tribo Tester Slideway Oil Test Scope: The method evaluates oil in respect of static friction and stick slip behaviour when used in machine slideway applications. Method: A slideway supporting a sliding block is lubricated with the test oil. The method uses two combinations of test materials: (a) Grey Cast Iron on Grey Cast Iron (b) SKC 3 plastic on Grey Cast Iron 300 run-in cycles are carried out with the SKC 3 plastic test and 400 with the Grey Cast Iron test.

Equipment: Kurt Orban Injector rig.Shear Stability Test . 04/02 Rig Tests .Kurt Orban CEC L-14-A-88 Scope: To correlate shear stability with the permanent viscosity drop expected in field service. Method: A sample of oil is subjected to 30 or 250 cycles of a two cylinder diesel injection pump and injector nozzle set to a pressure of 175 bar.

calculated from the measurement of the wear scar. transmission and hydraulic lubricants. Equipment: A Müller Weingarten Brugger Test Machine is used. The test provides a useful technique for evaluating the wear protection of a lubricant under conditions of minimal lubrication. Method: A 25 mm diameter steel friction roller is rotated at 940 rpm (1. The surfaces are lubricated with a 5 ml sample poured over the assembly one minute before the start of the test Results: The result is reported in N/sqmm. 04/02 Rig Tests .2 m/sec) against an 18 mm diameter fixed steel cylinder roller with a force of 400 N applied by a lever mechanism for 30 seconds.The Brugger Test Scope: The Brugger Test determines the load capacity of industrial. Specifications: Typical pass criteria are: Hydraulic Oil Transmission Oil Grease ≥ 30 N/sqmm ≥ 50 N/sqmm ≥ 30 N/sqmm Significance: The user should determine to his own satisfaction whether the results correlate with field performance or other bench test machines.

Timken Extreme-Pressure Test ASTM D2782 Scope: Covers the determination of load-carrying capacity of lubricating fluids by means of the Timken Extreme-Pressure Tester. The load is then reduced by 5 lbs to determine the final score load and OK load values. in which a pivoted test block is applied to the periphery of a rotating cylinder (cup) in such a way that the pressure of application can be controlled. Equipment: The test uses the Timken Wear and Lubricant Testing Machine. The results may not correlate with results from service. 04/02 Rig Tests . Specifications: The method is widely used for specification purposes and is used to differentiate between lubricants having low. and the maximum load (OK load) that will not rupture the lubricant film. Testing is initiated at an applied load of 30 lbs and increased in increments of 10 lbs until scoring occurs. medium or high extreme-pressure characteristics. Method: The machine is operated with the steel cup rotating at 800 r/min. Each load stage is run for a 10 minute duration and the lubricant temperature is brought to 38°C at the start of each stage. Two determinations are made: the minimum load that will rupture the lubricant film and cause scoring or seizure.

Note: Limited service correlation of data from this test method is available. The oil temperature is held at 60°C. 8 and 20 hours. is installed in a Four-Ball test machine. containing a standard single row taper roller bearing. It is anticipated that this test will be introduced into Volkswagen lubricant specifications as they become due for revision. Method: An adaptor. with a 5 KN bearing axial load. for test durations of 4.Volkswagen Shear Stability Test PV1437 Taper Roller Bearing Rig Scope: Determination of the mechanical shear stability of lubricants containing polymer additives such as gearbox. automatic transmission and engine oils. Significance: The method is being standardised for specification purposes and is a rapid means of assessing the shear stability of a wide range of lubricants. shock-absorber. 04/02 Rig Tests . 40ml of test oil is introduced into a cup surrounding the bearing and the machine is run at 1500 r/min. The percentage loss in kinematic viscosity of the oil after each test run is plotted against time.

Each cycle consists of an up and down change. Method: 50. The synchromesh cones are measured to calculate wear. They are also visually inspected for degradation.000 cycles (100. 04/02 Rig Tests .ZF Synchroniser Rig Scope: To evaluate the relative performance of gear lubricants in a synchromesh transmission system.000 changes). Input Speed Output Speed Oil Temperature 1700 rpm 1700 rpm and 2787 rpm 85 ± 5°C Results: After 50. The main component is a two-speed synchromesh gearbox.000 cycles completed the coefficient of friction is calculated. Equipment: ZF Synchroniser Testing rig.

Method: The unit is thoroughly cleaned.7°C in the environmental box. Specifications: Lubricant performance to API GL-5 and MIL-L-2105C requires no rusting on any working surface and up to 3.1 Scope: Evaluates the rust and corrosion inhibiting properties of a gear lubricant when subjected to water contamination and elevated temperature. Rating: At the end of storage. Additionally. including shotblasting. 04/02 Rig Tests .Gear Oil Corrosion Test L-33 Formerly FTMS 791B Method 5326. Equipment: The test utilises an unloaded Dana Model 30 hypoid differential unit mounted on a test stand which enables the unit to be motored over with heat lamps playing on the outer surface. The unit is filled with 1200 ml of oil and 30 ml of water and motored for 4 hours at 82. internally and assembled with care. an environmentally controlled box is used to store the test unit at elevated temperature. the whole differential unit is stored for 162 hours at 51.2°C. the unit is disassembled and rated for corrosion. On completion of this phase.2 cm2 of rust on the cover plate as a maximum. sludge and other deposits.

The unit is filled with 1200 ml of oil and 30 ml of water and motored for 4 hours at 82.1 Scope: Evaluates the rust and corrosion inhibiting properties of a gear lubricant when subjected to water contamination and elevated temperature. an environmentally controlled box is used to store the test unit at elevated temperature.7°C in the environmental box. Rating: At the end of storage. the unit is disassembled and rated for corrosion. Equipment: The test utilises an unloaded Dana Model 30 hypoid differential unit mounted on a test stand which enables the unit to be motored over with heat lamps playing on the outer surface. Additionally. the whole differential unit is stored for 162 hours at 51.2 cm2 of rust on the cover plate as a maximum. internally and assembled with care. 04/02 Rig Tests .Gear Oil Corrosion Test L-33 Formerly FTMS 791B Method 5326. Method: The unit is thoroughly cleaned. Specifications: Lubricant performance to API GL-5 and MIL-L-2105C requires no rusting on any working surface and up to 3. including shotblasting. On completion of this phase.2°C. sludge and other deposits.

100 mph. (Only the coast side of the gear is rated. The axle during testing is periodically shock loaded through a dynamometer. RGO-110 (low-scoring) and RGO-108 (scoring). Method: After break-in. The drive side score is only considered if there is a large amount of scoring). a 4 speed truck transmission and two high inertia dynamometers at a rate to simulate hard acceleration to ca. At least a 15% difference in the metal score characteristics is required. Specifications: Lubricant performance to API GL-5 and MIL-L-2105D requires scoring to be equal to or better than reference oil RGO-110.1 Scope: Evaluates the anti-scoring characteristics of a gear lubricant under high-speed and shock loading conditions using a Spicer Model 44-1 hypoid axle. Equipment: The axle is driven by a 5.High Speed Axle Test L-42 Formerly FTMS 791B Method 6507.the shock sequence. then decelerated to 530 r/min. 04/02 Rig Tests . The drive gear and pinion are rated for coast side scoring. the axle is accelerated through the gears to a speed of 1050 r/min. Results: Each new batch of gears is referenced against two industry standardised oils. The drive side score is only considered if scoring is significant.7 litre V8 gasoline engine which drives the test axle. This high speed sequence is followed by 10 shock loadings . The cycle is repeated 5 times.

The severity level of the rig is adjusted so that the requirements of the axle are such that. and with high impact loading. 04/02 Rig Tests .High Speed Shock Test CS3000B ANNEX D Scope: Assess the ability of the oil to lubricate a hypoid automotive axle at high sliding speed. Specifications: CS3000B requires the oil to have performance equal to or better than that of the reference oil. corrosion and deposits. without surface distress to the gears. Method: An automotive hypoid rear axle is fitted into the test vehicle (Avenger) which is operated on a laboratory inertia roller rig. The performance of the oil under test is evaluated by examination of the axle components for tooth distress. the area of scuffing on the coast side of the pinion teeth is not less than 25%. using the CRC reference oil 10/90.

low torque is first run for 100 minutes and the gears visually assessed via an inspection plug.1 Scope: Evaluates the load carrying. pitting and wear. 5. together with any deposits or discolouration. ridging. Method: The axle is fitted with the test oil and driven under varying conditions.high torque operation. Specifications: Lubricant performance to API GL-5 and MIL-L-2105D is assessed on the basis of tooth surface rippling. wear and extreme pressure characteristics of gear lubricants in a hypoid axle under high speed . Results: A complete inspection of the gears is made and any deposits or discolouration of the bearings also noted. Equipment: A Dana Model 60 hypoid axle (5. 04/02 Rig Tests .7 litre gasoline truck engine.high torque sequence is then run for a further 24 hours. A low speed .low torque and low speed . A high speed .High Torque Axle Test L-37 Formerly FTMS 791B Method 6506.86 ratio) fitted with uncoated drive gear and pinion is set up to drive 2 dynamometers from an 8 cyclinder.

Specifications: The gears are rated for carbon. varnish and sludge deposits. 04/02 Rig Tests . Results: Viscosity increase and pentane and toluene insolubles are determined. at 163ºC. whilst the gears are being driven at 1725 rpm and air is being bubbled through the sample.CRC L-60 Thermal Oxidation Stability Test L-60 FTM 2504 Gear TOST Scope: Determines the deterioration of lubricants under severe oxidation conditions. Method: A measured sample of test oil is placed in a special gear case with two spur gears and a copper catalyst strip. The test is run for 50 hours.