This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

Prestressed concrete refers to concrete that has applied stresses induced into the member. Typically, wires or “tendons” are stretched and then blocked at the ends creating compressive stresses throughout the member’s entire crosssection. Most Prestressed concrete is precast in a plant. Advantages of Prestressed concrete vs. non-Prestressed concrete: • • • • More efficient members (i.e., smaller members to carry same loads) Much less cracking since member is almost entirely in compression Precast members have very good quality control Precast members offer rapid field erection

Disadvantages of Prestressed concrete vs. non-Prestressed concrete: • • • • • More expensive in materials, fabrication, delivery Heavy precast members require large cranes Somewhat limited design flexibility Small margin for error More complicated design

Typical Precast Prestressed concrete members

Lecture 24 – Page 1 of 12

the tendons are released and axial compressive load is then transmitted to the cross-section of the member. Tendons tensioned between bulkheads Prestress force Ps “Dead” end Casting bed “Live” end Step 1 Fresh concrete placed in bed Tendons anchored at “Live” end and “Dead” end Step 2 Hardened concrete Prestress force Ps Tendons released at “Live” end and “Dead” end creating an axial force along length of precast member Step 3 Lecture 24 – Page 2 of 12 . The BONDED wires (tendons) are tensioned prior to the concrete hardening.Pre-Tensioned Prestressed Concrete: Pre-tensioned concrete is almost always done in a precast plant. A pretensioned Prestressed concrete member is cast in a preformed casting bed. After the concrete hardens to approximately 75% of the specified compressive strength f’c.

After the concrete hardens to about 75% f’c. This creates an upward camber of the member which offsets anticipated downward deflection due to gravity loads.Post-Tensioned Prestressed Concrete: A post-tensioned member has UNCOATED tendons cast into concrete in draped patterns. Post-tensioning can be accomplished on-site as necessary. the tendons are tensioned and try to straighten out. Tendons tensioned between bulkheads Prestress force Ps “Dead” end Tendons creating an upward force along length of member “Live” end Step 1 “Dead” end Tendons anchored at “Live” end Step 2 Lecture 24 – Page 3 of 12 .

28 for low-relaxation wire strand β1 = 0.80 for concrete f’c = 5000 PSI ρp = A ps bd p Lecture 24 – Page 4 of 12 .A.40 for ordinary wire strand = 0. Mu = 0.Analysis of Rectangular Prestressed Members: The analysis of a member is typically done for various stages of loading under SERVICE LOADS.9Apsfps(dp - a ) 2 where: Mu = usable moment capacity of prestressed beam Aps = area of prestressed tendons ⎛ ⎡γ p f pu ⎤ ⎞ − 1 ρ fps = f pu ⎜ ⎢ ⎥⎟ p ⎜ ⎟ ' β f c ⎦⎠ ⎝ ⎣ 1 fpu = ultimate tensile strength of prestressing tendon γp = factor based on the type of prestressing steel = 0. Stresses “f” are obtained as follows: f= Ps Ps ey ± Ag Ig where: Ps = prestress force Ag = gross cross-sectional area of member e = eccentric distance between prestressing tendons and member centroid y = distance from centroid to extreme edge of member Ig = gross moment of inertia of member about N.85 for concrete f’c = 4000 PSI = 0.

a= A ps f ps 0. e yb Aps Rectangular Prestressed Beam Lecture 24 – Page 5 of 12 .85 f ' c b b yt h dp N.A.

4) Determine the stresses during initial applied service beam weight. 7-wire strands @ 0.459 in2 Lecture 24 – Page 6 of 12 . 7) Determine the maximum actual factored moment on the beam Mmax.459 in2 fpu = 270 KSI (using an ordinary 7-wire strand) Initial prestress force. Ps = 70%(fpu)(Aps) Service dead load. 8) Determine the factored usable moment capacity Mu of the beam. 22’-0” 10” yt 18” 16” N.153 in2 per strand = 0.A. 5) Determine the stresses due to service applied dead load + live load. 3) Determine the stresses during prestressing. e yb Rectangular Prestressed Beam Aps = 0.Example GIVEN: The rectangular prestressed concrete beam as shown below. 2) Determine the moment of inertia about the neutral axis. (NOT including beam weight) = 400 PLF Service beam weight = 188 PLF Service live load = 1500 PLF REQUIRED: 1) Determine the location of the neutral axis and prestress eccentricity “e”. Use the following: • • • • • • • • Concrete f’c = 5000 PSI Concrete strength = 75%(f’c) at time of prestressing Aps = 3 – ½” dia. 6) Determine the final stresses due to all service loads and prestressing. Ig.

30in 2 ) yt = 9.13” e = 6.000 PSI 57.87” Lecture 24 – Page 7 of 12 .2(0.13” yb = 8.000 f ' c = 5000 PSI = 7.459 in2) = 3.2 nAps = 7.30 in2 E steel E conc Datum 18”/2 = 9” dp =16” n= = 29.30in 2 )16" (10" x18" ) + (3.87” e = dp – yt = 16” – 9.Step 1 – Determine the location of the neutral axis and prestress eccentricity “e”: Using a datum as measured from the top of the beam: 10” yt h = 18” Yb e nAps = 3.30 in2 yt = ΣA y ΣA (10" x18" )9"+(3.000.13” = yb = 18” – 9.

7 in4 Step 3 – Determine the stresses during prestressing: f= − Ps Ps ey ± Ag Ig where: Ps = prestress force = 70%(fpu)(Aps) = 0.Step 2 – Determine the moment of inertia about the neutral axis.7 in4 Ig = 5018.8 KIPS y = yt for tensile stresses at top of beam = yb for compressive stresses at bottom of beam a) Check stresses at TOP of beam: ftop = stress at top of beam =- Ps Ps ey t + Ag Ig 86.13" ) + (10" x18" ) 5018.30in )(6.87" )(9.8KIPS )(6.459 in2) = 86.48 KSI + 1.7in 4 = − = -0.87" ) 12 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 = 4860 in4 + 3.13"− ⎟ + (3.8KIPS (86. Ig: bh 3 h⎞ ⎛ + bh⎜ y t − ⎟ + nA ps (e) 2 Ig = 12 2⎠ ⎝ = 2 (10" )(18" ) 3 18" ⎞ ⎛ 2 2 + (10" )(18" )⎜ 9.60 KSI Tension Lecture 24 – Page 8 of 12 .0 in4 + 155.08 KSI ftop = 0.70(270 KSI)(0.

48 KSI .25 KSI Compression = − Lecture 24 – Page 9 of 12 .13" ) 5018.7in 4 = − = -0.53 KSI Compression Step 4 – Determine the stresses during initial applied service beam weight: f= ± M beam ( y ) Ig where: Mbeam = maximum unfactored moment due to beam wt.4 KIP − FT (12" / ft ))(9.8 KIPS )(6.1.8KIPS (86. = wbeam ( L) 2 8 (188PLF )(22'−0" ) 2 = 8 = 11.374 Lb-Ft = 11.87" ) − (10" x18" ) 5018.4 KIP-FT y = yt for compression in top = yb for tension in bottom a) Check stresses at TOP: ftop = − M beam ( y t ) Ig (11.7in 4 ftop = -0.05 KSI fbottom = -1.b) Check stresses at BOTTOM of beam: fbottom = stress at bottom of beam = − Ps Ps eyb − Ag Ig 86.87" )(8.

13" ) 5018.950 Lb-Ft = 115.51 KSI Compression = − Lecture 24 – Page 10 of 12 .7in 4 ftop = -2.87" ) 5018.4 KIP − FT (12" / ft ))(8.7in 4 fbottom = 0.24 KSI Tension Step 5 – Determine the stresses due to service applied dead load + live load: f= ± M DL + LL ( y ) Ig where: MDL+LL = maximum unfactored moment due to DL+LL = wDL + LL ( L) 2 8 (400 PLF + 1500 PLF )(22'−0" ) 2 8 = = 114.0 KIP-FT y = yt for compression in top = yb for tension in bottom a) Check stresses at TOP: ftop = − M DL + LL ( y t ) Ig (115.0 KIP − FT (12" / ft ))(9.b) Check stresses at BOTTOM: Fbottom = + M beam ( y b ) Ig = + (11.

15T Final − Ps Ag + Ps ey Ig ACI dictates the following maximum permissible stresses at service loads: a) Compression = 0.35T -2.29C Transfer + +2.44T DL + LL = +1.05C + +0.16C 18” -0.1 KLF Mmax = 3.44 KSI Tension Step 6 – Determine the final stresses due to all service loads and prestressing: NOTE: All stresses shown have units of KSI -0.2D + 1.48C +1.08T -0.25C +0.24T Beam Wt.6(1500 PLF) = 3106 PLF = 3.60f’c b) Tension = 6 f ' c Initial Prestress Step 7 – Determine the maximum actual factored moment on the beam Mmax: Mmax = wu L2 8 wu = 1.1(22'−0) 2 8 Mmax = 188 KIP-FT Lecture 24 – Page 11 of 12 .51C -2.48C + -1.87" ) 5018.2(400 PLF + 188 PLF) + 1.b) Check stresses at BOTTOM: fbottom = + M DL + LL ( y b ) Ig = + (115. = -1.0 KIP − FT (12" / ft ))(8.7in 4 fbottom = 2.6L = 1.

4 KSI)(16” = 1492 Kip-In Mu = 124.80 (0.66" ) 2 = 0.Step 8 – Determine the factored usable moment capacity Mu of the beam: Mu = 0.85 f ' c b (0.9Apsfps(dp - a ) 2 2.453 in2)(249.453in 2 )(249.40 270 KSI ⎤ ⎞ fps = 270 KSI ⎜ ⎜1 − ⎢ 0.66” Mu = 0.80 for concrete f’c = 5000 PSI ρp = A ps bd p 0.453in 2 = (10" )(16" ) = 0.00283 ⎛ ⎡ 0.9(0.40 for ordinary wire strand β1 = 0.4 KSI ) = 0.3 KIP-FT < Mmax = 188 KIP-FT → NOT ACCEPTABLE Lecture 24 – Page 12 of 12 .4 KSI a= A ps f ps 0.00283) 5KSI ⎥ ⎟ ⎟ ⎦⎠ ⎝ ⎣ = 249.85(5 KSI )(10" ) = 2.9Apsfps(dp where: a ) 2 ⎛ ⎡γ p f pu ⎤ ⎞ ⎟ fps = f pu ⎜ ⎜1 − ⎢ β ρ p f ' ⎥ ⎟ c ⎦⎠ ⎝ ⎣ 1 fpu = ultimate tensile strength of prestressing tendon = 270 KSI γp = factor based on the type of prestressing steel = 0.

Information on prestressed concrete

Information on prestressed concrete

- Prestressed Concrete
- 40609 Prestressed
- Comprehensive Design Example for Prestressed Concrete (Psc) Girder Superstructure Bridge
- Prestressed Concrete
- Pre Stressed Concrete Design and Practice_SA
- Prestressed Concrete Example Problem
- Prestressed_Concrete_Design
- Pci Design Handbook;Precast & Prestressed Concrete - 7th

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd