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) Lignin (major component wood fibre).
Comes from the stem and ribbon (outer skin) of the jute plant Fibres are first extracted by retting Retting process consists of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in low, running water After retting process, stripping begins Non-fibrous matter is scraped off
One of the strongest natural fibers High tensile strength Low extensibility Better breathability of fabrics Lustre determines quality; the more it shines, the better the quality
Has some heat and fire resistance Good insulating and antistatic properties Low thermal conductivity Moderate moisture regain Acoustic insulating properties
Poor drapability and crease resistance, brittleness, fibre shedding, and yellowing in sunlight Jute has a decreased strength when wet Becomes subject to microbial attack in humid climates
Can be blended with other fibres, both synthetic and natural By treating jute with caustic soda, crimp, softness, pliability, and appearance is improved, aiding in its ability to be spun with wool Liquid ammonia has a similar effect on jute
Accepts cellulosic dye classes such as Natural Basic Vat Sulphur Reactive Pigment dyes
Used chiefly to make cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton To make sacks and coarse cloth Also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum.