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Trucks and Hauling Equipment

Trucks and Hauling Equipment

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Trucks and Hauling Equipment
Trucks and Hauling Equipment

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10/06/2013

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Trucks and Hauling Equipments

CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Prof. K. N. Satyanarayana IIT Madras
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TRUCKS AND WAGONS • Up to 100m - dozer or loader 100m - 1000m - scraper >1000m - trucks • Also conveyors or trays may be used if more economical and large job. • Heavy duty rear dump truck most widely used • Most trucks may be operated over any haul road for which the surface is sufficiently firm and smooth on which the grades are not excessively steep.
CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments.

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Kind of drive-two wheel. 3 . • Classified based on: 1.TRUCKS AND WAGONS • Some units designated as off-highway trucks because their size and total loads are larger than permitted on highways. four wheel. six wheel etc. CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. Size and type of engine 2. Used on large highways projects where economically justified. No of gears 3.

7. side dump. 4 . Class of material handled . Method of dumping load .earth. No of wheels and axles and arrangement of driving wheels. Capacity. 5.rear dump.TRUCKS AND WAGONS 4. rock etc. in tons or m3-struck or heaped CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. 6.

An Off-Highway quarry truck CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. 5 .

6 .CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments.

7 .CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments.

CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. 8 .

A rigid frame rear dump truck CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. 9 .

CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. 10 .

• For quarry rock. corners. CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. • Dry sand and gravel will flow easily from almost any shape of body.TRUCKS AND WAGONS • Ease or difficultly of dumping will depend upon the shape of the body such as extent of sharp angles. 11 . bodies should be shallow with sloping side boards. and the contour of the rear. • For wet clay and similar materials should be free of sharp angles and corners.

12 .Very useful for spreading load. can dump their loads while moving. Mostly used .TRUCKS AND WAGONS • Wagons are tractors equipped with earth moving semi trailers. sticky clay.Bottom dump wagons • When discharging the loads onto fills. • Because of limited openings. CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. difficulties may be experienced in discharging such materials as wet. especially in large lumps.

13 .CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments.

CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. 14 .

Determine the components of the cycle time for the truck in the video CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. of Haul Units Required. • Cycle time. 15 .Determination of No.

16 .Determination of haul units required • Cycle time = Fixed time + Variable time Fixed time includes the following: -Spot -Load -Maneuver -dump Variable time includes .Haul & Return CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments.

5 1. and dump time for trucks and wagons Bottom dump Favourable Average Rear dump 0. Fixed time elements of spot.1 1. of Haul Units Required. 17 .1 1.Determination of No.5 Trucks and Hauling Equipments.6 Unfavourable CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments 2. maneuver. maneuver and dump may be estimated by using the tables below: Spot.0 2.

• Load time = No. • Excavator have been found to operate at near 100% efficiency when actually loading.Determination of No. of bucket Loads = Haul unit capacity / Loader production at 100% Efficiency • 100% efficiency loading rate intended to ensure that an adequate no. of Haul Units Required. of trucks is provided so that the excavator will not have to wait for a truck. of bucket loads * Excavator cycle time • No. 18 .x CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments.

of trucks theoritically required to keep a loader fully occupied. CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. of haulers required(N) = Haul unit cycle time / Load time This is no. • N should be rounded up to the next integer. of Haul Units Required. • May use either back or loose measure. • No. reasonable values for field use. the loader will have to wait for haul units at times because of variability. 19 .Determination of No. • Although the above method gives. but should use the same for both numerator and denominator.

since limited by excavator output. However. system output will be reduced. if less than the required no. of units N Precise value of N.not integer CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments.Productivity of hauling equipments • If more than theoretical required no. * Excavator production 21 . no increase in system production will occur. When the no. of trucks is supplied. of trucks provided is less than N then Expected Production = Actual No. of trucks is supplied.

of Haul Units Required • Important condition in selection of excavator / haul unit combination is effect of size of target the haul unit presents to the excavator operator. CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments.Determination of No. If target too small. • Rule of thumb: . excessive spillage. 22 . backhoes and loaders should have capacity of 2 to 5 times excavator bucket capacity.For haul unit loaded by shovels. .Draglines and cliamshells require larger targets 5 to 10 times excavator bucket capacity.Hence cycle time is increased.

of Haul Units Required. stagger starting and quitting times so that bunching does not occur. • Other technique to maximize production . . of bucket loads. Excessive repair and maintenance.Avoid over loading. CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. 23 . • Desirable to have haul units with integer no. • Decrease swing angles to increase production.Determination of No.If possible.

hauling and dumping. .lesser RR. reduced travel time.Determination of No.Maintain haul roads in good condition . . 24 . CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments.Avoid speeding.Develop efficient traffic pattern for loading. & minimize equipment wear. of Haul Units Required. .Provide stand by units. .

700 CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. 2:1. The performance charts shown is valid for these trucks. • Capacity – – – – – Struck. 25 . 11.Example (Truck Productivity calculation) • Rear dump truck with specifications as follow are used to haul sandy clay. 700 kg Pay Load = 20. 2 cubic meter Heaped.000 kg Gross Vehicle weight = 36. 14 cubic meter Net Weight empty = 16.

3 cu m. The sandy clay has a loose unit weight of 1275kg/m3. Dump time will average 2min because of expected congestion on the fill. poorly maintained. bucket. RR = 60kg/ton CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. The haul road from the borrow site to the fill is a 5km downhill grade of 1%. The hoe should be able to cycle in 20 sec. A realistic efficiency estimate for this work is a 50-min hour. 26 . Trucks will be loaded by a hydraulic hoe having a 2. It is earth.Example Contd.

Procedure • • • • • • • • Step 1 : Number of bucket Loads Step 2: Load Time Step 3: Haul Time Step 4: Return Time Step 5: Dump Time Step 6: Total Cycle Time of the truck Step 7: Number of trucks required Step 8: Production CE 504 : Construction Methods & Equipments Trucks and Hauling Equipments. 27 .

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