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our death? In India, we have an estimated 4.6 million people with corneal blindness that is curable through corneal transplantation made possible by eye donation. More than 90% of the corneal transplantation is carried out successfully and helps restore vision in people with corneal blindness. Corneal transplantation in infants born with cloudy cornea can make a big difference to their lives. Some frequently asked questions Who can be eye donors? Anyone from the age of one. There is no age-limit for donating the eye. All one needs to do is bequeath his or her eyes by taking a simple pledge to donate the eyes after death. While taking a pledge during ones lifetime itself is a noble deed, it requires the support of the relatives or friends to carry out the wishes of eye donation of the deceased. People using spectacles and those diagnosed with diabetes and hypertension can donate their eyes. Can the next of kin consent to a donation if the deceased person has not signed an eye donation form? Yes, the relatives of the deceased can decide on donating the eyes of their beloved one. Whom should we contact to donate eyes? Eyes need to be removed within six hours after death and so it is important to get in touch with your nearest eye bank at the earliest. Please remember the following after making the call to the C U Shah Eye Bank at Sankara Nethralaya Keep the eyes of the deceased closed and covered with moist cotton. Switch off the ceiling fan, if any, directly over the deceased person If possible, apply antibiotic eye drops periodically in the deceased’s eyes to reduce the chance of any infection. Raise the head of the deceased by about six inches, if possible, to reduce the chances of bleeding at the time of removal of the eyes Who cannot donate their eyes? Death due to unknown causes. People who die due to infections such as rabies, syphilis, infectious hepatitis, septicemia, and AIDS, cannot donate. What is a cornea? The cornea is the clear, transparent layer in front of the "black portion" of the eye. It is also the main focusing surface, which converges light rays as they enter the eye to focus on the
only the cornea is transplanted. Only corneal blinds can be benefitted through this process not other Blinds. The other portions of the eye are also . It is thus the most important part of the optical apparatus of the Eye. However. 2. are of great benefit to the society. What is Eye Donation? Eye donation is an act of donating one’s eyes after his/her death. As such. It is an act of charity. Is the whole eye of the donor transplanted? No. the rest of the eye is used for research and education purposes.retina. which are received through such magnanimous gestures. Can a living person donate his eyes? No. 1. Can a person who is blind due to retinal or optic nerve disease donate his eyes? Yes. Eye donation gives a gift of sight to others. it is consistent with beliefs and attitudes of all major religious and ethical traditions. Improper Post-operative care after any eye surgery) Malnutrition Congenital/Hereditary. What is corneal transplantation? A Corneal transplant is an operation that replaces the opaque cornea with a clear cornea obtained from a human donor. The front. provided the cornea of the donor is clear. donation from living persons is not accepted. Will eye donation cause delays in funeral arrangement? No. It is done after death. The eye donation of the deceased can be authorized by the next of kith & kin even if the deceased did not pledge to donate his / her eyes before death. Are there any religious conflicts in eye donation? There are no religious conflicts on eye donation. What is the use of eyes received? The eyes. Loss of transparency directly results in loss of vision How does a cornea become opaque? Infection Injuries Iatrogenic (Malpractice. it has to be performed within six hours and leaves no disfigurement that will interfere with common funeral practices. clear and transparent tissue of the eye called as cornea can be used to restore vision to corneal blind person. purely for the benefit of the society and is totally voluntary.
pen. What causes corneal blindness? The cornea can get damaged through accidents. Is there a cure for corneal blindness? Yes. 7. cornea can be removed from a deceased person within six hours of death and can be used for surgery. Corneal blindness can also happen to elders. flying debris or road accidents. 6. Children. processing of eyes and evaluation of the eyes and distribute them to the needy. etc.used for research and training purposes to develop cures for some of the common eye diseases. The present collection from all over the COUNTRY is 41883 !! (Year-2011 ( source EBAI. or buried along with the body. it is the family who can inform the nearest eye bank to fulfill the wishes of the deceased or authorize the removal of the eyes if somebody from an eye bank approaches the family. Artificial corneas have not yet been developed and hence the only source for cornea is from our fellow human beings. while playing with sharp objects (e. The eyes. What is the magnitude of corneal blindness? There are tentative 4. A person wishing to donate eyes should make close family members aware of their intentions. What is Corneal Blindness? Corneal Blind Man The Cornea is the clear tissue covering the front of the eye.g. which would ultimately be consigned to flames. pencil. 4. Artificial cornea has not yet been developed nor is there any other objective. . What is an Eye Bank? An Eye Bank is a charitable organization and is not for profit . 9. Around 500 + – Eye banks in India. Majority of the 4. Some of the industrial causes are chemical bums.) 8. How can one donate eyes? Eyes are removed only after death. The eye banks facilitate removal of eyes.9 million people suffering from corneal blindness. Till date the treatment of the corneally blind people is corneal grafting. It is a focusing element of the eye. The first Eye Bank was set up in United states in 1945 at Newyark City. Removing the damaged cornea and replacing it with a healthy cornea by surgery can cure corneal blindness.) can accidentally damage their cornea. 5.They are purely functioning for the benefit of the society. The cornea can get damaged due to infections and malnutrition as well. can restore sight to two or moer needy people.9 million are young adults who have to spend long blind years even though they have a cure. The Vision is dramatically reduced or lost if the cornea becomes cloudy. What is the source for the cornea? Fortunately.The first corneal transplant took place in 1905. After the death of the person. This loss of the vision is referred as corneal blindness. 3. bows and arrows .
Keep a copy of the death certificate ready (if available). 14.you can contact any hospital and ask them for thelocal eye bank number. Place wet clean cloth over the closed eye lids.please call me up on +9422203645 (4. By calling this number. 13.You can even get it from 197(BSNL/TATA Directory numbers. In case a complaint is filed against any eye bank. The team is well trained to take care of such eventualities. What is the procedure for eye donation? The local telephone directory usually lists the phone number of eye banks under essential services. after the removal of eyes would properly close the eyes so that there is no disfigurement. The eye bank personnel would give directions and precautions to be taken. Contact the nearest eye bank as quickly as possible. Here also a plastic shield is placed in place of the tissue and no difference can be noticed. Who can donate eyes? Is there any age limit? Any person of any age can donate eyes. 15. The process of removing eyes does not take more than 15 to 20 minutes. It would not delay the funeral arrangements. After the removal of eyes.if required. A part of the body would be consumed by flames and reduced to ashes or which is buried and allowed to decay and disintegrate & cannot be put to a better use than restoring vision to the needy!!! 16.The eye bank team. Even if the deceased has medical history of . Please ensure that the eyelids are properly closed.Give alternate cell number of any available relatives also.)At last. Some eye banks would remove the whole eyeball. There are numerous examples in our traditions and scriptures. which endorse eye and organ donation. 12. The second method is the removal of only the clear transparent tissue. The eye bank team. details about eye donation can also be obtained. which would have a trained technician and/or a registered medical practitioner. would there be any complications or disfigurement? There are two methods adopted for removal of eyes. Is eye donation against religious principles or traditions? All religions endorse eye donation. How do I ensure that the eyes so donated would not be misused? Eye Banks are covered under “Transplantation of Human Organs Act” since 1994.00 pm Only)and I shall help you find the local eye bank number. once information for eye donation is communicated to eye banks.Also. It is a criminal offence to buy or sell organs. What precautions are to be taken? Switch off fans and switch on Air conditioner (if available).10. The eye bank team can come either to the house where death has taken place or to the hospital where death has taken place to remove the eyes there. Raise the head of the deceased slightly by placing a pillow underneath. How do I contact an eye bank? A special Toll free number 1919 (BSNL) Nationwide has been allotted for eye banks.If you still could no find one. There would be no disfigurement. 11. the Government can take legal action. The Government issues a certificate of registration to eye banks and has a provision to inspect them regularly.all local news paper carry the eye banks number in their Emergency Number list. Most of the eye banks all over the country have this number.Give the correct address with specific landmarks or famous name of our area and mobile and residenc number to enable the team of eye bank for locating the house easily.00 pm to 8. In such a case there may be temporary bleeding. would remove the eyes after taking consent on a printed form in the presence of two witnesses and also take A small quantity of blood sample will be drawn to rule out communicable diseases. the eye bank sends its team to collect the eyes.
000 people need a new kidney every year and 100. tuberculosis etc. Brain Tumer. When Indian science minister Vilasrao Deshmukh passed away last month. In India. and even spectacle wearers and people who have undergone cataract operation can donate eyes. to a family member in need. Septosamia & a person who has died due to drowning etc. Finding a donor match is difficult to begin with. There is also a preliminary draft to frame rules for organ donation under discussion. Gangrene. Who cannot donate their eyes? Patients suffering from Rabies. chief medical officer at the ministry of health and family welfare. cannot donate their eyes. said Anil Kumar. Organ Donation Still a Challenge in India Finding a donor match is difficult to begin with. had he had a liver transplant. it’s relatively easy for close relatives to donate an organ. Cancer. In India. asthma. Jaundice. Under Indian law.000 need a new liver. or part of it. That a government minister failed to secure a liver transplant on time underscores the flaws in India’s organ-donation system. the head of the Chennai hospital where he was treated said he may have survived.hypertension. In a country where 200. only 2 percent to 3 percent of the demand for new organs is met. 17.. a non-governmental organization that focuses on organ donation. this challenge is compounded lack of awareness. says Sunil Shroff. this challenge is compounded by bureaucratic hurdles and lack of awareness. for instance. diabetes. . managing trustee of the Mohan Foundation. Food Poisoning. Tetanus. Aids.
the main problem is awareness. say doctors. Not everyone is against this possibility. “It isn’t wrong to alleviate the poverty of someone who is donating. Preserving the kidney till the next day would have been difficult. perhaps spelling out fixed amounts. religious superstitions become impediments.” says Dr. or kidney doctor. since the next of kin have the final say on the matter. there is another option: incentivize donations by paying donors. if the potential donor is not related to the person who needs the organ. To increase the number of organs available for transplant. often do so out of poverty. Indian law does not allow this. The kind of people who are willing to donate an organ. Dr.” says Dr. He suggests laying down specific criteria for payment. There are ethical issues involved here. Sundar of Columbia Asia Hospital says paying a willing donor for their organ should not be confused with the illegal trade of organs. in the long run it puts a strain on their health. Sundar says the government should amend the law to remove existing ambiguities. The first challenge is that it is often difficult for family members to accept their loved one is brain dead. In cities like Mumbai. Huilgol. chief nephrologist. the transplant needs to be approved by a state-level committee or by a hospital committee that includes government officials. can cause unnecessary delays. Known as “deceased” organ donation. Huilgol. There are some signs that the government is trying to improve mechanisms for organ donation. Other organs used in transplants are donated from people who are brain dead. Here. The body is warm to touch and the heart is beating. explains Dr. This makes it difficult for doctors to convince the family members to donate the organs of their relative. the person looks like he/she is sleeping. This. at Bangalore’s Columbia Asia Hospital. recalls that a family refused to donate a kidney from a brain dead relative on a particular day because it was new moon day (“Amavasya”).According to existing rules. This practice is alarmingly common in India. Sankaran Sundar. as the book “The Red Market” recently revealed. . “On a life support system. Even if the family is ready to donate organs. In one case. While getting a larger number of people to say whether they are in favor of donating their organs in case of accident would likely increase the number of organs available for donation. but the doctors couldn’t convince the family to budge and the donation did not take place. Huilgol. And while donating an organ would not put their lives at risk. this requires the approval of the donor’s next of kin. Dr. which they considered inauspicious. To make the practice more transparent. Chandigarh and Bangalore local governments are planning to have driving licenses double as donor cards.
” . But such state-sponsored support mechanisms for organ donors seem a long way away in India. doctors. Another problem is that there are too few surgeons and hospitals equipped for transplants. “In a country where only 1% of gross domestic product is invested in health care. where the government set up a national registry for the long-term follow-up of living donors and providing them with some health insurance.” says Dr. “The private hospitals are still well equipped. Ventilators for preserving the organs of a brain dead person and intensive-care unit personnel trained to manage such situations are prerequisites for a transplant. Huilgol says. Shroff of the Mohan Foundation but “government hospitals are not well geared.Singapore is an example of a country that has made paying donors for their organs legal.” says Dr. there is no way it can allocate money for organ donation.
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