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PRISMA 2009 Flow Diagram

Records identified through database searching (n = )

Additional records identified through other sources (n = )

Identification Screening

Records after duplicates removed (n = )

Records screened (n = )

Records excluded (n = )

Full-text articles assessed for eligibility (n = )

Full-text articles excluded, with reasons (n = )

Studies included in qualitative synthesis (n = )


Studies included in quantitative synthesis (metaanalysis) (n = )

From: Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, The PRISMA Group (2009). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Med 6(6): e1000097. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed1000097

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