# Lesson Planning Sheet Title: Geometrical problems involving vectors Learning Objectives: By the end of the lesson: All

students should be able to use the geometrical properties of polygons to define vectors. Most students should be able to prove the geometrical properties of polygons using vectors. Some students should be able to use ratio and the geometrical properties of polygons to prove two lines are parallel. Keywords: Vectors, Parallel, Direction, Magnitude    Learning Activities Starter/Introduction Students review using vectors to describe the position of one point from another using vector addition and subtraction. It is important for the class to understand the that parallel vectors can have different magnitudes but equal direction. Development The first problem on the second slide introduces using ratio to define the position of vectors. A ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ rather than ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ . See common misconception is to misunderstand the ratio as ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ diagram. Resources: Mini-Whiteboards

⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗

⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗

Have the class attempt the second problem on this slide independently using mini-whiteboards for assessment and feedback. Students should be able to attempt the problem on the third slide independently. Advise the class that it is of benefit to ensure the diagram is sketched large enough to include annotations of unknown vectors. Plenary The plenary is intended to consolidate and assess the progress made against each of the three differentiated learning objectives. The most able students in the class should be able to prove the geometrical shape of the quadrilateral WXYZ. Have solutions presented on miniwhiteboards for assessment and feedback. Differentiation More able:  Students should be able to define quadrilaterals based on the geometrical proof from their vectors. Less Able  Students may benefit from using whole vector lengths this lesson rather than considering lengths as a ratio.