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AutoCAD 2009 2D Training Manual
Written by Kristen S. Kurland
AutoCAD is a registered trademark of Autodesk, Inc.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Launching AutoCAD
1. 2. 3. Choose Choose Click Start from the Windows program manager. Programs, Autodesk ,AutoCAD 2009. the AutoCAD 2009 for Windows icon.
1.2 Text and Graphics Screens
The graphics screen and the text screen are two different screens available in the drawing editor.
Function key F2 on the keyboard.
The Cursor must be in the drawing window in order to select objects. Maximize the AutoCAD windows to be full screen. This will make the drawings bigger and easier to read. Use ALT + TAB to move between Windows applications.
Controls the size of the crosshair. The allowable range is from 1 to 100 percent of the total screen. At 100% the ends of the crosshair are never visible. When the size is decreased to 99% or below, the crosshairs have a finite size, and the crosshairs’ ends are visible when moved to the edge of the graphics area. The default size is 5%.
1. 2. 3.
Choose Tools, Options… Click the Display TAB. Drag the slider bar in under crosshair size to set the cursor size.
1.4 Canceling a Command
1. Press the ESCAPE (ESC) key on the keyboard.
TIP: Pressing ESC twice clears nested commands.
5 Menus and Colors Menu Browser 1. Click the desired pulldown menu. Click on the command to be executed from the pulldown. 3. Click on the A icon in the upper left corner of the drawing area. .1. 2.
. Right-click the Quick Access toolbar and click Customize Quick Access Toolbar. or as a floating palette. The Customize User Interface dialog opens and displays the list of commands available. Info Center Quickly search for a variety of information sources. access product updates and announcements. You can create your own panels to display on the ribbon.Quick Access Toolbar 1. The horizontal ribbon is displayed at the top of the drawing window by default when you create or open a drawing. It eliminates the need to display multiple toolbars. you can also modify the commands and controls on existing ribbon panels. SAVE. The ribbon maximizes the area available for work using a single compact interface. and UNDO/REDO. Ribbon The ribbon provides a single. vertically. compact placement for operations that are relevant to the current workspace. and save topics with InfoCenter. reducing clutter in the application window. OPEN. PLOT. The ribbon can be displayed horizontally. Drag commands you want to add from the command list pane in the Customize User Interface dialog box to the Quick Access toolbar. . Click on one of the following icons for quick access to commands QNEW.
Click the Workspace switching icon in the lower left corner of the screen. Click on one of the following workspace options AutoCAD classic workspace .6 Workspaces You can switch between the workspaces from the menu browser.1. 1. 2.
1. Choose the gray border surrounding each tool. 2. . or right area of the graphics display. Docked Toolbars Floating Toolbars TIP: -Holding the CTRL key while dragging will prevent docking. left.7 AutoCAD ClassicToolbars Toolbars can be docked on the screen or they can float about the screen. bottom. Choose the title or gray border of the toolbar. 2. Drag the toolbar to the top. To Float a Toolbar: 1. To Dock a Toolbar: 1. Drag the toolbar to any area on the screen.
.Loading Toolbars Right-clicking on an icon in any toolbar This will show a list of all available toolbars. Help Tooltips 1. Move the mouse to the toolbar but do not pick the button.
and the current time. OSNAP. Status Bar TIP: • Right click on the blank area of the status bar to see the tools to turn off/on. MSPACE. and TILE. modes. ORTHO. . PSPACE. To activate SNAP.8 Status Bar and Command Prompt The Status Bar is the area below the command line that shows messages as well as coordinates. GRID.1. you must double-click on the mode to change.
Command : LINE or 2. . Many commands also have one or two letter aliases that can also be typed as shortcuts to the commands.1. 3. 1. Press the Space bar on the keyboard. TIP:Many AutoCAD commands require you to press ENTER to complete the command. Type the command’s alias. Reissuing the Last Command The last used AutoCAD command can be re-entered by one of the following three methods of ENTER. the SPACEBAR and RIGHT MOUSE will act as enter most of the time (exceptions include placing TEXT). Command: L Press ENTER. 4. or 3. Press the ENTER key on the keyboard or 2.9 Typing Commands Typing a Command All AutoCAD commands can be typed in at the command line. The ENTER key on the keyboard will always act as ENTER. You know you are no longer in an AutoCAD command when you see a blank command line. Type an option at the command prompt. Click the right mouse button. Type the desired command at the command prompt. 1.
10 Pointing Device (Mouse) AutoCAD uses either a mouse or digitizing zing tablet to select objects in a drawing. Left Mouse Button Used to pick or select objects 1. repeat last command.1. . • Various screen locations for the mouse brings up different menus. Right Mouse Button Used to enter a command. or access shortcut menus. LEFT RIGHT MOUSE MOUSE TIPS: • SHIFT + the right mouse button brings up the object snap menus. Click the left mouse button to select an object area in the drawing. 1. Press ESC twice to deselect an object (or to cancel a command). Click the right mouse button. 2.
close. Choose Edit. 1.11 Undo and Redo Reverses the last action. Choose Edit. or 3. display information. or save a window or a drawing. or 2. Click the Undo icon. or 3. Press CTRL + Z. Click the Redo icon. Redo. or export the drawing in a different format. Undo.1. 1. 4. Command: REDO TIPS: -UNDO has no effect on some commands and system variables. Type REDO at the command prompt to redo the last undo command. Type U at the command prompt to undo the last command. Command: U Redo Reverses the effects of a single UNDO or U command. change the graphics display. . -REDO must immediately follow the U or UNDO command. including those that open. regenerate the drawing. or 2.
1.12 Function Keys and Accelerator Keys .
or 2. Click the Help icon.13 On-Line Help 1. Press Function Key F1 .1. AutoCAD Help. or 3. Type HELP at the command prompt Command: HELP or 4. Choose Help.
Chapter 2 Introduction to Commands .
Command: OPEN 5. Type OPEN at the command prompt.2. the drawing name to open. OPEN. The OK button. Press Double Click Click Click ENTER the desired directory to find the drawing to open. 6. TIP: -Preview shows a bitmap image of the drawing selected.1 Open Existing Drawings 1. Click the OPEN icon. 7. It will not show a preview of drawings saved before R13 AutoCAD. 8. Press CTRL + O. or 2. . or 4. This image is the view that was last saved in the drawing. or 3. Choose File.
7. New. Press CTRL + N or 3. Choose Click Save One of the options for creating a new drawing. 6.2. Command: NEW 5. TIP: New drawings can also be created from Template Files. Type NEW at the Command prompt. Choose File. . or 2. The OK button. the drawing as another name. or 4. 1.2 Creating a New Drawing NEW Command Creates a new drawing file. Click the New icon.
1.3 Saving Drawings Saves the most recent changes to a drawing. The first time an unnamed drawing is saved the “Save As” dialog box appears. . 4. Command: SAVE or SAVEAS ENTER A new drawing name or keep the existing drawing name. Various file types the drawings can be saved as TIP: Clicking the dropdown list for File type changes the format that the drawing can be saved in. Save or Saveas. AutoCAD saves its drawings as files with extensions ending in . or SAVE or SAVEAS at the command prompt. Choose Type Press Type Click File. 5. 2.2. 3.DWG. The OK button.
Click the Save icon. AutoCAD saves the drawing using the file format specified on the Open and Save tab of the Options dialog box and does not request a file name. Type QSAVE at the command prompt. or 2. If the drawing is unnamed. AutoCAD displays the Save Drawing As dialog box (see SAVEAS) and saves the drawing with the file name and format you specify.g. Press CTRL + S. If the drawing is named. R 2000. or 3. etc. Options… . R14. 1.Quick Save The QSAVE command is equivalent to clicking Save on the File menu.) AutoSave settings under Tools. Command:QSAVE TIPS: Drawings can be saved as different versions of AutoCAD (e. R13.
2.DWG files.DWG files every 10 minutes. . you should not delete temporary files until you have verified that they are not part of an active editing session. Open and Save TIP:AutoCAD creates .4 File Safety Precautions Autosave AutoCAD automatically saves information in ..BAK files that can be renamed to . Options. A value of zero (0) disables autosave. Temporary Files These files have the extensions . AutoSave and SV$ under Tools. users should save their drawings to .ac$ (temporary drawing file)... if you are on a network. Other temporary files may be left in the drawing directory or the temporary file directory.. After a system failure.SV$ files. however.
.Security Options Specifies security settings to be used when your drawing is saved. The Password option adds a password to a drawing when it is saved.
Exit. . Choose File. Command: QUIT 3. Type QUIT at the command prompt.5 Exiting AutoCAD 1.2. Press Click ENTER Yes to save changes or No to discard changes. 4. or 2.
Chapter 3 Draw Commands
3.1 Line Command
Creates single straight line segments 1. Choose Draw, Line. or 2. Click the Line icon. or 3. Type LINE from the command prompt Command: LINE or L 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Press Pick Pick Pick Press ENTER From point: (point) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:(point) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:(point) ENTER to end line sequence or 9. Type U to undo the last segment To point: U (undo) or 10. Type C to create a closed polygon To point : C (close)
TIPS: • You can continue the previous line or arc by responding to the From point: prompt with a space or ENTER. • Choose the right mouse button for the line pop-up menu to appear while in the line command
3.2 Cartesian Coordinate System
AutoCAD provides the user with an infinite two dimensional area to work with. Any entities place on the working two dimensional plane can be defined relative to the Cartesian coordinate system.
The Cartesian coordinate system divides a two dimensional plane with two perpendicular axis. The X axis runs horizontal across the bottom of the screen. The Y axis runs vertically along the left side of the screen. These two axis intersect at the bottom left corner of the screen.
Each of these axis is further divided into segments. Each segment is given a value. The X axis segments increase in value to the right. The positive X values are to the right of the intersection of the two axis. The negative X values are to the left. The positive Y values are above the intersection and increase up. The negative Y values are below.
1. Type x,y coordinate when AutoCAD asks for a point. From point: 1,1 To point: 2,1 To point: 2,2 To point: 1,2 To point: 1,1
NOTE: If dynamic input (F12) is on, you must type the # sign before entering absolute coordinates (e.g.#1,1).
1. Type @deltax,deltay when AutoCAD asks for a point. From point pick point To point: @1,0 To point: @0,1 To point: @-1,0 To point: @0,-1
1. Type @distance<angle when AutoCAD asks for a point. From point: pick point To point:@1<0 To point:@1<90 To point:@1<180 To point:@1<270
3.3 Dynamic Input
Dynamic Input provides a command interface near the cursor to help you keep your focus in the drafting area. When Dynamic Input is on, tooltips display information near the cursor that is dynamically updated as the cursor moves. When a command is active, the tooltips provide a place for user entry. Turning Dynamic Input ON/OFF 1. Click Dyn on the status bar or 2. Press F12
Tip: Right-click Dyn and click Settings to control what is displayed by each component when Dynamic Input is on.
3.4 Orthogonal Lines
Controls lines from being drawn at various angles to straight lines. When the snap grid is rotated, ortho mode rotates accordingly.
Function Key F8. or
ORTHO from the Status Bar. or
CTRL + L.
Line drawn with ORTHO ON
Line drawn with ORTHO OFF
Type DDSETTINGS at the command prompt. Choose Tools. Choose Select the Polar trackingTAB from the dialog box. AutoCAD shows the distances and angles being displayed as the cursor moves. Command : DDESTTINGS 3. 4. Drafting Settings or 2. 6. With Polar Snaps on. . the desired incremental angle from the dropdown list (or create a new angle). 5. Pick Draw OK to exit the dialog box. 1.5 Polar Tracking Polar Snaps work independently from snaps. a LINE using the Polar Snap references.3.
Pick Type A center point. Choose Draw. Center Radius TIPS: . Tangent. Circle. Tangent . 6.When selecting a circle with a pickbox.3. be sure to select the circumference of the circle. press ENTER when asked for the circle radius. Command: CIRCLE 4. Type CIRCLE at the command prompt. . Tangent. or 7. Center Diameter Circle. Click the Circle icon. A radius or diameter. Tangent. Pick A radius or diameter Diameter/<<radius>>: Circle. or 2. or 3. Circle. Tangent Radius Circle. Type One of the following options: 3P/2P/TTR/<<center point>>: or 5.6 Circles Circle Command 1.To create circles that are the same size.
3. direction . or 3. center. press the right mouse button to select the following options for arcs: Arc Examples 3 point arc Start . TIPS: -Except for 3 point arcs.7 Arc Command 1. . center. Arc. Choose Draw. Click the Arc icon. chord length start. included angle Start. arcs are drawn in a COUNTERCLOCKWISE direction. radius Start . end. end. or 2.center.While in the arc command. Type ARC at the command prompt Command: ARC 4. end Start. Draw One of the arcs.
Chapter 4 Erase and Selection Sets .
4. or 2. Choose Modify. Erase. Type ERASE at the command prompt. Command : ERASE or E 4.1 Erase and Selection Sets Erasing Objects 1. AutoCAD will create a crossing or window selection as defined on the following pages. or 3. . Pick Object at the select object prompt. Select objects: ENTER Select objects with pickbox TIP: • If the cursor is not touching an object. Click the Erase icon. Press ENTER when you are done choosing objects. Select objects: (pick object) 5.
Last object. . ALL Multiple Last Previous Group AUto SIngle Add Remove All objects within the drawing are selected unless they are on frozen or locked layers. Add mode: adds following objects to selection-set.4. Multiple objects selected without high lighting (faster edits).2 Selection Set Options Type one of the following options at the Select objects: prompt: (point)One object. Objects in a named group. All objects in the previous selection-set. Crossing Objects within or Crossing a window. Remove mode: removes following objects from selection-set. Window and Crossing Window Objects fully enclosed within Window. Automatic BOX (if pick in empty area). One selection (any type).
WPolygon All entities within the boundaries of a polygon created by inputted points. Press SHIFT and select entities to remove them from the selection set. Fence Objects that are crossed by a temporary line. CPolygon All entities within or touching the boundaries of a polygon created by input. . Remove from Selection Set 1.
3 OOPS Reinserts the last erased set of objects or block even if it was not the last command issued. Type OOPS at the command prompt to reinsert erased objects Command: OOPS 4.4. Otherwise Oops acts like UNDO.4 Selection Preview SELECTIONPREVIEW Controls the display of selection previewing . 1.
Chapter 5 Basic Display Commands .
Type ZOOM at the command prompt. or 2. Number Number X Center Dynamic TIPS: -While in the ZOOM command. Zoom. Displays current drawing content as large as possible. Magnification relative to ZOOM All display Magnification relative to current display (1X) Specifies center point and new display height.1 ZOOM Increases or decreases the apparent size of objects in the current viewport 1. . Command: Zoom or Z 4. Choose View. Type One of the following zoom options: The following are basic zoom options: All Extents Previous Window Places entire drawing (all visible layers) on display at once. Restores previous view. Permits you to pan a box representing the viewing screen around the entire generated portion of the drawing and enlarge or shrink it. Forces a regeneration. Designates rectangular area to be drawn as large as possible. Click a Zoom icon. or 3. click with the right mouse button to see the menu to the right.5.
Choose View. Type PAN from the command prompt. Click the Pan icon. or 2. click with the right mouse button to see the following menu.2 PAN Shifts the location of a view. 1. Command: PAN or P TIPS: While in the PAN command. Pan.5. or 3. - Panning can also be done by using the window scroll bars .
1. It also re-indexes the drawing database for optimum display and object selection performance.4 Blipmode Controls the display of marker blips. Command: REGEN or RE TIP: When BLIPMODE is on. a temporary mark in the shape of a plus sign (+) appears where points are specified. 1. Command: BLIPMODE . marker blips left by editing commands are removed from the current viewport Blips showing Blips removed after redraw 5. BLIPMODE is off by default.5.3 Redraw and Regen Redraw refreshes the current view. 1. Type BLIPMODE at the command prompt. Type REGEN at the command prompt. Type Redraw at the command prompt Command: Redraw or R REGEN regenerates the entire drawing and recomputes the screen coordinates for all objects. When Blip mode is on.
Chapter 6 Drawing Aids .
. Double Click SNAP on the Status Bar. Type One of the following options: Snap spacing or [ON/OFF/Aspect/Style/Type]: Turn Snap On/OFF 1. Click with the right mouse button on the SNAP option from the status bar as a shortcut to changing the snap settings. Drafting Settings. Type SNAP at the command prompt. or 3. or 2.6. Press Function Key F9 to turn the snap ON/OFF. Choose Tools..1 SNAP Command 1. TIP: Press CTRL + B. . or 2. Command: SNAP or SN 3.
Command : DSETTINGS (DS) or 3. or 3.6..2 Grid Command 1. Type One of the following options: Grid spacing(X) or ON/OFF/Snap/Aspect <0000>: Turn Grid On/Off 1.. or 2. Double Click GRID on the Status Bar. or 2. Drafting Settings. Type DSETTINGS at the command prompt. . Choose Tools. Press CTRL + G. Command: GRID 4. Press Function Key F7 to turn the grid ON/OFF. Type GRID at the command prompt.
Click OSNAP on the Status Bar. which remain active until you turn them off.7. Choose an object snap to turn ON/OFF from the dialog box..1 Running Object Snaps An object snap mode specifies a snap point at an exact location on an object. Drafting Settings.. 5. Choose Tools. . 4. 1. Type DDOSNAP at the command prompt Command: DDOSNAP or 3. Right Click the Object Snap TAB. or 2. OSNAP specifies running object snap modes.
2 Case by Case (Temporary Mode) 1. Click one of the object snaps located Object Snap toolbar icon. Press SHIFT + the RIGHT MOUSE BUTTON. or 3. or 2. Type The object snap at the prompt line. Command: Line From pt: ENDP To pt: MID To pt: CEN TIP: Case by Case objects snaps will override running mode object snaps .7.
2.. 1. the Drafting tab in the Options dialog box. Choose Select Change Tools.7..3 Osnap Settings When you use any of the object snap settings. settings and choose OK. The following are object snap modes: CENter ENDpoint INSertion INTersection MIDpoint NEAerst APParent Int NODe NONe PERpendicular QUAdrant QUIck TANgent Center of Arc or Circle Closest endpoint of Line/Arc Insertion point of Text/Block/Shape/ Attribute Intersection of Lines/Arcs/Circles Midpoint of a line/Arc or midpoint Nearest point on a Line/Arc/Circle/Point Finds where two entities would intersect Nearest point entity (or Dimension defini tion point) None (off) Perpendicular to a Line/Arc/Circle Quadrant point on an Arc/Circle Quick mode (first find. 3. Options. not closest) Tangent to Arc or Circle . AutoSnap displays a marker and a Snap tip when you move the cursor over a snap point.
7. 1. Type APERTURE at the command prompt Command: APERTURE 2.4 Aperture Controls the size and appearance of the pickbox used for object snap selection. Type The size of the target box ( 3-8 is a good size) Size of target box in pixels (1-50): (number) or Aperture .
53 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 8 Setting Up a Drawing .
Click Type Pick the List icon from the Inquiry Toolbar. Select objects: (select) 5. Press ENTER when you are finished choosing objects: . or 2. Choose Tools. Command: LIST or LI The object or objects to list.54 - . 4. Inquiry.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial List Command 8. List. 3. or LIST at the command prompt.1 1.
Click the Distance icon from the Inquiry Toolbar. Pick The first point to measure from First point: pick point 5.2 1. Choose Tools. or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Measuring Distances 8. Distance. Pick The second point to measure to Second point: pick point Distance Between Circle Centers TIP: Be sure to use Object Snaps with the MEASURE command. Inquiry. Type DIST at the command prompt Command: DIST 4. . or 3.55 - .
7. you must first be in “add” mode to add the first area. 6. . Area. Type AREA at the command prompt Command: AREA 4. Pick Pick Press Next point: pick Next point: pick ENTER when you are finished choosing points. Choose Tools. or 3. Click the Area icon. or 2.56 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Calculating Areas 8. Adds separate areas for a total area calculation Subtracts areas from each other. Pick The first point for area calculation <First point>/Object/Add/Subtract: pick 5. Inquiry. Area of Rectangle Object Add Subtract Allows user to pick an object to calculate area (circle or polyline).3 1. TIPS: Be sure to use Object Snaps with the MEASURE command To subtract an area.
and Z coordinates as well as making this the last point entered in the drawing (to move relative from) Be sure to use Object Snaps with the ID command.4 1. Locate Point.0” origin for relative coordinates TIP: AutoCAD returns the X.Y.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial ID Command 8. Click the Locate Point Icon from the Inquiry Toolbar. Choose Edit.57 - . Type ID at the command prompt. Command: ID 4. Pick A point to identity Point : pick point Using ID at the corner of the box rests the “0. . or 2. or 3. Inquiry.
Command: DDUNITS or UN 3. .58 - . a precision setting. Choose Type Format. Choose Choose a units and angle setting.. 2.. Units. 4. or DDUNITS at the command prompt.5 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial UNITS Command 8.
A setting of 0 (off) indicates that you can draw outside the limits and a setting of 1(on) indicates that you cannot.24 TIP S: You can also pick points to define the limits. Choose Format.0. 4. The drawing limits also govern the portion of the drawing covered by the visible grid and determine the minimum area a ZOOM All displays.0000. Type Type One of the following options On/Off/Lower left corner <.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Drawing Limits 8. Type LIMITS at the command prompt Command: LIMITS 3.59 - .0 and upper right limit of 36.0 One of the following options for the upper right limit: Upper right corner <12.6 The drawing limits are two-dimensional points in the World Coordinate System that represent a lower-left limit and an upper-right limit.0000>:36.9. Drawing Limits. The limcheck variable controls whether or not you can draw outside the limits that are set. . or 2. 1.000.24 Drawing with lower left limit of 0.000>: 0.
Limits Text Height Lower left limit 0.and a 1 margin on the right. Upper right limit 576'. For some plotters. Hatch Scale for patterns other than architectural. Hatch Scale = 192 6.0. 7. multiply by 192 which is the reciprocal of the plot scale. deduct a 1/2 margin on top. 1/8 plotted. 3. 2. 1. 5. 24” drawn. and left. Size Border Size the object you’re drawing. 576' x 384' drawn.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Plot Scales and Paper Sizes 8. 4. 36 x 24 plotted.60 - .7 The following is an example of setting up an AutoCAD drawing for a D size sheet of paper (36 x24) with a scale of 1/16=1'). bottom. 384'. for 1/8 notes. Dimension Scale Ltscale Dimscale = 192 Ltscale = 96 Determine your object size .
multiply the scale factor x paper size.e.: 1/16”=1’-0’ has scale factor 192) . To do this.61 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Decide Border (Paper) Size Decide the Scale Factor for Object which is at least 212’. (i. 212’.
and Text Height DIMSCALE 192 HATCHSCALE 192 TEXT HEIGHT LTSCALE 96 (1/2 scale) .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Set Drawing Limits Determine Dim Scale.62 - . Ltscale. Hatch Scale.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 9 Plotting .63 - .
Click the Plotter icon. Press CTRL + P . or 3. Type PLOT at the command prompt. Plot.64 - . Command: PLOT or PRINT or 4. or 2. Choose File.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Plot Command 9.1 1.
the appropriate paper size based on the chosen plotter. 7. the plot scale. OK.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Plot Settings 1. Upside down). the paper units (inches or mm). Choose Choose Choose Choose Choose Choose Choose Click the Plot Settings tab. 3. the plotting area. plot to center or specify an x or y offset. 4. 8. 5. 2. 6. Landscape. .65 - . the drawing orientation (Portrait.
Plotter Manager the Add a Plotter Wizard icon. My Computer will configure a plotter using Autodesk Drivers.PC3. Click Choose Next > My Computer. 3.66 - . AutoCAD adds a plotter configuration to a saved plot file called ?.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Adding a Plotter 9. System Printer will configure AutoCAD using Window’s printer drivers that are already installed.2 Plotter Manager Wizard 1. Click Next > . 2. 5. Choose Double-Click File. You can then load from this file later. 4.
Choose Click Import File.PC2 file 7. You can also plot to a file by choosing the DXB. Importing a .. Your purchased plotter should be listed here. you can choose “Have Disk.. Autodesk ePlot..” and specify a location for a plotter driver. If it is not. Choose one of the Autodesk Plotter options. Next > .PCP or .if you wish to import a previously saved plot configuration file..67 - . 8.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Choosing a Plotter Driver 6. or Raster File options.
Next > 10. Type 12. Choose 13. Next > Finish AutoCAD will save a new Plot configuration icon.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Define a Port 9. Choose an available port. Choose Saving a Plot Configuration Name 11.68 - . NOTE: You can plot to a specific file name or “Autospool” to a file which can be automatically sent to the plotter at a later date. Click the file name you wish to save. .
3 Add a Plot Style A plot style controls how an object or layer is plotted by determining plotted properties such as lineweight. You can also change the type of plot style table a drawing uses once it has been set. 1. 4. Add a Plot Style Table Wizard icon. Plot style tables collect groups of plot styles. Plot Style Manager. You can convert a plot style table from one type to the other. import a style from a previous release of AutoCAD. color.69 - . 2. The Plot Style Table Manager is a window that shows all the plot style tables available in AutoCAD.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Plot Styles 9. 5. You can also use a previously configured plot style. Choose Double-Click File. Click Next > . There are two plot style types: color-dependent and named. and fill style. or import a pen table. A drawing can only use one type of plot style table . 3. Click Choose Next > Start from Scratch to create a new Plot Style.
70 - . Choose Click Color-Dependent Plot Style Table Next > 8.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 6. Type Click a name for the plot style table. Next> . 7. 9.
Pick an AutoCAD color and assign properties to it.25 mm.” 11... if you want all RED objects to be plotted with a pen width of . 12. For example.CBT . Choose Save and Close Finish AutoCAD will save the file called COLORPLOTSTYLE.71 - . choose that lineweight. Choose “Plot Style Table Editor. Choose 13.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 10.
Next> “Plot Style Table Editor. 9. Plot Style Manager. Save and Close.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Named Plot Styles 9. Create 12.. Add a Plot Style Table Wizard icon.72 - . 6.4 1. 4. Choose 11. Next > Start from Scratch to create a new Plot Style. 3. 7.. 8. Choose Double-Click Click Choose Click Choose Click Type Click File. 2. 10. Choose .” names for various styles. 5. Next > Named Plot Style Table Next > a name for the plot style table.
73 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 10 Edit Commands .
or 2. Click the Move icon. type a distance at the second point of displacement prompt: @1<0 . Choose Modify. Move.1 1. Pick A point to move from Base point or displacement: (pick point) 6. Pick A point to move to Second point of displacement: (pick point) Circle before move Circle after move TIP: To move an object a specified distance.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Move Command 10. Pick Objects to move Select objects: (select) 5. Type MOVE at the command prompt Command: MOVE or M 4.74 - . or 3.
Pick Objects to copy. Second point of displacement: @ 1<0 Duplicate objects copied Multiple objects copied TIP: • To copy many objects in the same copy command. or 2. Select objects: (select) 5. or 3.2 1. Click the Copy icon. Type A point to copy to. Pick A point to copy to. Pick A point to move from. Base point or displacement/Multiple: (pick point). . Type COPY at the command prompt. Copy. Second point of displacement: (pick point) or 7. Choose Modify. type M for Multiple at the “Base point or displacement/Multiple” option. 6. Command: COPY or CP 4.75 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Copy Command 10.
including the SELECT command itself. Select objects: (P) Previous Selection Set Highlighted TIP: AutoCAD requires that objects be selected in order to be processed. Command: MOVE or M 4. . or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Previous Selection 10. Choose Modify. The Select Objects prompt occurs after many commands. Click the Move icon. Move. or 3.3 Places selected objects in the Previous selection set 1.76 - . Pick Objects to move. Type MOVE at the command prompt.
Type OFFSET at the command prompt. Offsetting objects by specifying a distance . Choose the Offset icon.4 Offset Distance To offset a specified distance: 1. Press Enter to end the command. Choose Modify. or 3. Command: OFFSET or O 4. or 2. Offset. 6. Pick Pick The object to offset.77 - . Select object to offset: (select object) A side to offset object to. Pick Another object to offset Select object to offset: (pick side) or 8. Type The distance to offset. Offset distance or <Through point>: (number) 5. Side to offset: (pick side) 7.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Offset Command 10.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Offset Through Point To offset through point : 1. Type OFFSET at the command prompt Command: OFFSET 2. Pick A point to offset through (HINT: use object snaps) Select object to offset: (pick) Through point: (select object) Offset through a point .78 - . Type T to specify a through point Offset distance or <Through point>: (T) 3.
Pick The objects to extend <Select object to extend> / Project / Edge / Undo: Select an object. 4. Choose Modify. Click the Extend icon. or 2. Extend. Press ENTER to accept the boundary edge Select objects: (press enter) 6. Press ENTER when you are done choosing objects Lines Extended to an Arc (Arc is boundary edge) TIP: - Use the object selection option FENCE to choose multiple objects .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial EXTEND 10. or press enter : (select) 7.5 1. Type EXTEND at the command prompt Command: EXTEND Select boundary edge(s).79 - .. or 3. Pick The BOUNDARY edge to extend to Select objects: (select) 5. enter an option..
Choose Modify.6 The TRIM command allows you to trim objects in a drawing so they end precisely at a cutting edge defined by one or more other objects in the drawing. 1. or press enter 7. Pick Objects to trim <Select object to trim> / Project / Edge / Undo: Select an object. Pick The CUTTING edge to extend to Select objects: (select) 5. Press ENTER to accept the cutting edge Select objects: (press enter) 6. .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial TRIM 10. or 2. 3. Press ENTER when you are done choosing objects Select object to trim/Undo: (press enter) Lines Trimmed to an Arc (Arc is cutting edge) TIP: Hold the SHIFT key to interactively extend instead of trim. TRIM at the command prompt Command: TRIM Select cutting edge(s). Trim..80 - . Click Type the Trim icon. 4.. enter an option.
0 Uses the selected edge without an extension. 1 Extends the selected edge to its natural boundary.81 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Edgemode Controls how the TRIM and EXTEND commands determine cutting and boundary edges. .
or 2. Delete old objects? Y or N Mirror Line . Pick Objects to mirror.7 1. Pick Pick Type First point of mirror line: (point) Second point: (point) Yes to delete the original objects and No to keep them. Type MIRROR at the command prompt. Select objects:(select) 5. Command: MIRROR 4. 6. Mirror.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial MIRROR 10. Click the Mirror icon.82 - . or 3. 7. Choose Modify.
Current value <0> New value: 1 or 0 MIRRTEXT=ON MIRRTEXT=OFF .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Mirrtext 10. retains text direction if 0.8 Mirror reflects (mirrors) text if 1. Type 1 to reflect the text and 0 to retain the text. Command: MIRRTEXT 2. Type MIRRTEXT at the command prompt. 1.83 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial ROTATE 10. Pick A rotation angle<Rotation angle>/Reference: (point) .84 - . Rotate. or 2. Click the Modify icon. Pick Objects to rotate: Select objects:(select) 5. Type A rotation angle<Rotation angle>/Reference: (number) or 7. Pick A pivot point to rotate around Base point: (point) 6. Choose Modify. Type ROTATE at the command prompt Command : ROTATE 4. or 3.9 1.
AutoCAD prompts: 1. You can specify the new angle by pointing or by dragging the object. and a negative angle produces clockwise rotation.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Reference Angle Rotation A positive angle causes counterclockwise rotation. Choose A new rotation angle New angle: (number or points) TIP: You can show AutoCAD the reference angle (by pointing to the two endpoints of a line to be rotated). If you respond to the last prompt with r. 2. you can specify the current rotation and the new rotation you want. . and then specify the new angle.85 - . Type Choose R for a rotation angle<Rotation angle>/Reference: (R) An existing rotation angle Rotation angle: (number or points) 3.
5. Pick Type A pivot point to scale about Base point: (point) A rotation angle<Scale factor>/Reference:(number) or 6. Pick A scale factor<Scale factor>/Reference: (point) Scale factor/Reference: (points) .10 1.86 - . Type SCALE at the command prompt Command: SCALE Select objects: (select objects) 4. or 3. Choose Modify. Click the Scale icon. Scale. or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial SCALE 10.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Scale by Specifying Length You can show AutoCAD the reference length (by pointing to the two endpoints of a line to be scaled). or by dragging the object.87 - . 1. Choose A reference scale factor Reference length : (number or points) 3. and then specify the new length. You can specify the new length by pointing. Choose A new scale factor New length: (number or points) . Type R to define a reference length Scale factor/Reference: (R) 2.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 11 Text .88 - .
. 5. A text height Height <default>: (type value or pick two points) 6. A start point Justify/Style/<Start Point>: (point) or 4. Type DTEXT at the command prompt Command : DTEXT 3. Type A text string Text: (type text string) 8. DTEXT (Dynamic Text) Creates a single-line text object. Choose Draw. Follow the steps 3-8 from above. Text. Press enter to exit the Text: prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Text Command 11. 1. 3. Pick Pick the Single Line Text icon from the Text Toolbar. Type TEXT at the command prompt Command: TEXT or 2. showing the text dynamically on the screen as it is entered.1 Text Creates a single-line text object 1.89 - . Type Type J to change the justification or S to change the text style. Type A rotation angle Rotation angle <default>: (angle or point) 7. Single Line Text. or 2.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Text Justification 11.90 - . Pick the Justify Text icon from the Text Toolbar. . Type JUSTIFYTEXT at the command prompt Command: JUSTIFYTEXT or 2.2 1.
. Aligns the text between two designated endpoints with a specified height that varies only in its X scale factor. ML Starts the middle left portion of the text at a given point. BR Ends the bottom of text at a given point. Right justifies the text at a designated endpoint. Centers the text both horizontally and vertically around a specified point. MR Ends the text at the middle right portion at a given point. Centers the text around a specified point. TR Ends the top of text at a given point. Starts the top left portion of text at a given point. BC Centers the bottom center portion of the text at a given point. MC Centers the middle of text at a given point. TC Centers the top center of the text at a given point.91 - . Selects a different text style.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Text Justifications A C F M R S TL Aligns text between two designated endpoints (height and angle are not requested in this case). BL Starts the bottom left portion of the text at a given point.
a font file.3 Style Command 1. a height for the text (set to zero to vary heights) a width factor for each character. Backwards? (Y or N) Yes or No to draw characters upside down. Obliquing angle <0>: (angle or enter) 9. or 2. Command: STYLE 3. Type 11. 5.. Type Yes or No to place characters backwards. Upside down? (Y or N) Yes or No to draw characters vertically 10. 4. Pick Choose Choose Type Type the Text Style icon from the Text Toolbar.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Text Styles 11. Choose Format. 6. Type .. a style from the menu or create a NEW style. Type STYLE at the command prompt. Text Style. Type an obliquing (slant) angle. Width factor <1>: (enter) 8.92 - . 7.
it will replace all text drawn with that style with the new font. type style at the command prompt and keep the same style name but replace the font file with the new font. .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Font Files AutoCAD supports the following font types: .PFB .SHX .93 - . When AutoCAD regenerates.PFA .TTF Windows True Type Fonts AutoCAD Fonts Adobe Type I Fonts TIP: To replace the font globally in a drawing.
Command: MTEXT 4.94 - . Type text or change an MTEXT setting. or 2. Choose Draw.. or 3. Text.. . Multiline Text. Type One of the following options Height/Justify/Rotation/Style/Width: or 5.4 Mtext Command 1. Pick the Mtext icon. Pick 2Points to define the text window. Type MTEXT at the command prompt. 6.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Multiline Text 11.
95 - . Specifies the text style to use in paragraph text. Width Specifies the width of the text boundary. Specifies the height of uppercase text Direction Specifies whether text is vertical or horizontal.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial MTEXT options: Rotation Style Height Controls the rotation angle of the text boundary. MTEXT Editor .
Pick Additional text or ENTER to end the command. Pick The text to edit..AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Text 11.5 DDEDIT 1. Select objects: ENTER Text Edit Dialog Box for TEXT and DTEXT Commands Text Edit for MTEXT command . Click the Edit Text icon from the Text toolbar. Text. Select objects: (pick text) 5.. Command: DDEDIT or ED 4. Choose Modify. or 3.96 - . or 2. Type DDEDIT at the command prompt.
97 - . Type The following characters to return equivalent symbol: %%d %%c %%p %%u %%o degree symbol (°) diameter symbol (Ø) plus minus symbol (±) to start and stop underlining (NOTE) to start and stop overscoring (NOTE) The MTEXT command has additional symbols that can be accessed by right-clicking in the MText Editor for more Special Symbols. . 1.6 AutoCAD provides special control codes to return drafting symbols when using text.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Special Control Codes 11.
. 5.7 1. Choose Change or Ignore to modify or accept the spelling of a word. Select objects: (pick text) 4. Pick Change Dictionaries to create your own dictionary. Command: SPELL 3. Pick The text to spell check. Choose Tools.98 - . Type SPELL at the command prompt. Spelling or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Spell Check 11.
which is set to the same scale as the viewport’s. You create annotative text by using an annotative text style. The current annotation scale automatically determines the display size of the text in model space or paper space viewports. . the current annotation scale.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Annotative Text Use annotative text for notes and labels in your drawing. For example.99 - . Create an Annotative text style using the STYLE command. 1. automatically scales the text to display appropriately at 4.5". which sets the height of the text on the paper. When you add text to a viewport that has a scale of 1/2"=1'0". so you can define a text style to have a paper height of 3/16". you want text to display at a height of 3/16" on the paper.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Annotative Hatch .100 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Scales Add Scale Change Scales .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 12 Layers. Colors . Linetypes.
Layer. Choose Format. Type LAYER at the command prompt. Command: LAYER (or LA) or 3.1 1. AutoCAD 2005 Layer Properties . or 2.101 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Introduction to Layers and Layer Dialog Box12. Pick the layers icon from the Layer Control box on the object properties toolbar.
Unfreezes specified layers Ltype. Turns off specified layers.102 - . 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer Options 12. Creates new layers . Type Type Command: -LAYER or LA One of the following layer options ?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: . Creates a new layer and makes it current. Makes a layer read only preventing entities from being edited but available visual reference and osnap functions. colors and linetypes. To use this. Sets current layer. Assigns linetype to specified layers. Turns a Layer On for Plotting Turns a Layer Off for Plotting Controls the line weight for each layer TIP: Layers can be set using the command line prompts for layers.2 ? Make Set New ON OFF Color Ltype Freeze Thaw Lock Unlock Plot No Plot LWeight Lists layers. Places a layer in read write mode and available for edits. Completely ignores layers during regeneration. with states. type –LAYER or -LA at the command prompt 1. Assigns color to specified layers. Turns on specified layers.
3 Changing the Layer of an Object 1. Select layer Select object first . 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer Shortcuts 12. Click Select Once on the object to change.103 - . AutoCAD will move the object to the new layer. the desired layer from the Layer Control Box dropdown.
4. 2. Match Properties. 5. Choose Click Modify. the objects to which you want to apply the properties (2). or the Match Properties Icon from the Standard toolbar. . or 3.104 - . 2. Click Select once on the Make Object’s Layer Current icon. object whose layer will become current: Match Properties 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Making a Layer Current 1. Type Select Select Command : MATCHPROP or MA the object whose properties you want to copy (1).
Command: LAYERP or 5. LAYERP at the command prompt.4 1. .105 - . Open Turn Zoom Type an AutoCAD drawing with layers. or perform any AutoCAD Command. 2. layers on/off.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer Previous 12. 3. 4. Click the Layer Previous icon.
OFF. 4. Choose Select Choose Choose the layer icon. 3.LOCKED. various layers to be ON. etc. the Save State button.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer States 12. Restore State to restore the layer settings. .106 - . 2.FROZEN.5 1.
By Layer If you enter bylayer. new objects assume the color of the layer upon which they are drawn. Type DDCOLOR at the command prompt. TIP: These settings ignore the current layer settings for color. the objects in the bloc k inherit the current setting of the COLOR command.6 1. When the block is inserted in the drawing. Choose Color on the Object Properties toolbar and then select a color from the list or select Other to display the Select Color dialog box. Color. Choose Format. AutoCAD draws new objects in the default color (white or black. depending on your configuration) until they are grouped into a block. . By Block If you enter byblock.107 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Color Command 12. Command: DDCOLOR or COL or 3. or 2.
4. or 2...108 - .7 Loading and Changing Linetypes 1. Click OK. Choose the desired linetype to assign. Linetype. to see a list of available linetypes. 5. . Type DDLTYPE at the command prompt. Choose Format. Command:DDLTYPE or LT 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Linetypes 12.. Choose Load..
The Display Lineweights feature can be turned on/off o n the status bar to show or not show lineweights in the drawing. Command: LINEWEIGHT or LWEIGHT or 4. TIPS: Lineweights can also be assigned to layers. Type LINEWEIGHT at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Lineweights 12. Choose Format.109 - . thus making regenerations faster. or 2.. - Lineweights are displayed using a pixel width in proportion to the realworld unit value at which they plot. If you are using a high-resolution monitor. Lineweight. you can adjust the lineweight display scale to better display different lineweight widths. Pick a lineweight to make current from the Object Properties menu. ..8 Loading and Changing Lineweights 1.
Press ENTER to accept objects. Type DDCHPROP or DDMODIFY at the command prompt. or the Properties icon. Choose One of the following properties to change. Choose Click Modify. . Command: DDCHPROP (CH) or DDMODIFY (MO) 4. Properties. or 3. Select objects:(select) 5. Select objects: (press enter) 6.110 - . 2.9 1. single object for DDMODIFY.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Object Properties 12. Pick Objects whose properties you want to change Pick a window for DDCHPROP.
111 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 13 More Edit Commands .
Type F to choose a different break point Enter second point (or F for first point):(F) . Break. or 3. 2.1 1. 4.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Break 13. Choose Click Modify. Pick A second break point.112 - . or the Break icon. Select object: (select one object) 5. Command: BREAK Object to break. Type Pick BREAK at the command prompt. Enter second point : (point) or 6.
Pick A second break point TIP: You can also type coordinates instead of picking a break point.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 7.113 - . it changes to an arc by deleting the portion from the first point to the second. Enter second point (or F for first point): @3’<0 If you break a circle. going counterclockwise. Breaking a Polyline with nonzero width will cause the ends to be cut square. . Pick The firstbreak pointon the object Enter first point: (point) 8.
A base point to stretch from Base point: (point) .. 4. 3.. Press Pick ENTER to accept objects to stretch. Type C to choose CROSSING window Select objects: C 5. 2. 6. or the Stretch icon. Pick Pick A first corner to stretch. Choose Click Type Modify.114 - . 8. Other corner: (point) 7. STRETCHat the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Stretch 13.2 1. Command : STRETCH Select objects to stretchby window. First corner: (point) The opposite corner to window the objects to stretch. Stretch.
Type A distance to stretch. New point: @1<0 TIP: The Stretch command must use a CROSSING window or aCROSSING POLYGON window. Pick A point to stretch to Newpoint: (point) or 10. .115 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 9.
Fillet. TIP: • You can also fillet PARALLEL lines as well as PLINES with LINES • Type a radius of zero (0) to create a clean90 degree corner. Command: FILLET First object to fillet. 4. Choose Click Type Pick Pick Modify. Second object to fillet. Sets the trimmode (trim cuts the fillet corner and no trim keeps the fille t corner).AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Fillet 13. Type One of the following options: P R T Fillets anentire Polyline. or the Fillet icon. Select second object: select second object. or FILLET at the command prompt. or 6. 3.3 1. Polyline/Radius/Trim<Select two objects>: select first object. 5. .116 - . Sets the filletradius. 2.
Sets the trimmode Sets the method to distance or angle.117 - . or 5. or CHAMFER at the command prompt. Chamfer with equal distances Chamfer with different distances . or the Chamfer icon.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chamfer 13. Pick 6.4 1. Command: CHAMFER 4. 2. Chamfer. Pick First object to chamfer. Sets chamfer distances. 3. Type One of the following options: P D A T M Chamfers entirePolyline. Select second object: select second object. Choose Click Type Modify. Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method<Select first line>: select first object Second object to chamfer. Uses a distance and angle method instead of two distances.
7. or 2. Select objects : (select) 5. Number of columns (|||)<1>: (number) The unit cell distance between items in each row. Type Pick ARRAY at the command prompt. Click the Arrayicon. 4.5 Rectangular Array To draw rectangular array: 1. or 3. Distance between rows: (+ number=up. Choose Modify. Type Type Type The number of rows top to bottom. Number of rows(---) <1>: (number) The number of columns left to right. Type . -number =down) The unit cell distance betweenitems in each column. Command : ARRAY Objects to array.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Array 13. Array. Distance betweencolumns:(+number=right. . 6.118 - .number =left) 8.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Unit Cell Distance Between Rows Polar Array To draw a polar array: 1. ARRAY. or 3.119 - . or 2. Type . 6. 7. Select objects:(select) 5. Degrees to fill (+=CCW. Type Pick Type P to draw a polar array. Center point of array: pick point The TOTAL number of items in the array. Number of items: number The number of degrees to rotate the objects. Choose Unit Cell Distance Between Columns Modify. Rectangular or Polar array (R/P): P A center point for the array. Type Pick ARRAY at the command prompt. Command: ARRAY Objects to array. -+CW)<360>: number 8. Click the Arrayicon. 4.
Type Yes or No to rotate objects.120 - . Rotate objects as theyare copied?<y> Y or N Center point of array .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 9.
Type LENGTHEN at the command prompt.6 1.121 - . o r 2.0000>:2 Select an object to change or [Undo]: pick object Object before lengthen Object after lengthen . Choose Modify.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Lengthen 13. Command: _lengthen Select an object or [DElta/Percent/Total/ Enter delta lengthor [Angle] <0. LENGTHEN.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 14 Advanced Display Commands .122 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Transparent Commands 14.123 - . Command: LINE Specify first point: (pick point) Specify next point or [Undo]: 'zoom >>Specify corner of window. 1. or end the drawing sessionusuallycan be used transparently. Precede transparent commands with an apostrophe.1 Transparent commands are those started while another is in progress. Type LINE at the command prompt. Specify next point or [Undo]: (pick point) TIP: Commands that do not select objects. . create new objects. or [All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/ Window] <real time>: (pick corner) >>>>Specify opposite corner: (pick other corner) Resuming L INE command. enter a scale factor (nX or nXP).
You also can repeat a command by entering multiple. as shown in the following example: 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Multiple Command 14. and the command name.2 Multiple repeats the specified command until canceled If you want to repeat a command that you have just used.124 - . or right-click your pointing device at the Command prompt. press ENTER or SPACEBAR.a space. Type MULTIPLE before each command Command: multiple circle .
z] = [a*x.y..3 Evaluates mathematicaland geometric expressions 1.>> Expression: 1+1 2 Numeric operators () ^ *.y.(b*x) ] * *. subtracts Vector operators () & Groups expressions Determines the vector product of vectors (as a vector) [a.b.c+z] . divides a vector by a real number a* [x. (c*x) .b+y.b. (a*y) . Type CAL at the command prompt./ +. Groups expressions Indicates exponentiation Multiplies. Command: cal (or ‘cal) Initializing.(c*y) .b.- Adds.(a*z) .c] + [x.a*y.y. subtracts vectors (points) [a.z] = [ (b*z) .z] = ax + by + cz Multiplies. / Determines the scalar product of vectors (as a real number) [a.125 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Calculator (CAL Command) 14.c]*[x.a*z] +..z] = [a+x.c]&[x. divides Adds.y.
>> Expression: ang(end.126 - ..end.end) 45 . Type CAL at the command prompt. Command: cal (or ‘cal) Initializing. Type CAL at the command prompt.cm) 2. Command: cal (or ‘cal) Initializing.inch.>> Expression: cvunit(1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Converts units of measure 1..54 Determines Angles 1...
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 15 Polylines .127 - .
Pick Type A point on the drawing to start the polyline From point:(select) One of the following options Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/<endpoint of line>: or 6.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Pline Command 15. arc segments. or a combination of the two. 5. Polyline. Pick Type the Pline icon. Pick A point to continue drawing Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/<endpoint of line>: (pick point) Polyline as one segment . You can create straight line segments. 1. Choose Draw. 3. PLINE at the command prompt Command : PLINE or PL 4.128 - . or 2.1 A polyline is a connected sequence of line segments created as a single object.
Specifies the length to be added to the polyline in the current direction. Specifies the width of the next polyline segments.129 - . Can be tapered.125 Tapered width polyline Tapered width arc polyline . Undoes the previous pline segment as with the line command. Can be tapered. Polyline with arcs Polyline with width .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial PLINE options: Arc Toggles to arc mode and you receive the follow ing:Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/ Line/ Radius /Second Pt/Undo/Width/<endpt of arc>: Close Halfwidth Length Undo Width Closes a polyline as it does in the line command. Specifies the halfwidth of the next polyline seg ments.
Creates curved arc segments around pline vertices at the direction you specify. PEDIT at the comma nd prompt Command: PEDIT 4. Polyline.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Polylines 15. or 2. Choose Modify. 3.2 1. lines. Pick Pick a polyline to edit Select Polyline:(pick) 5. Type One of the following options:Close/Join/ Width/Edit vertex/FitCurve/Spline/Curve/ Decurve/Undo/eXit PEDIT options: Close Join Width Fit curve Spline Curve Decurve Edit Vertex Closes open polyline segments Connects polylines. Displays the following Edit Vertex Options: Polyline width change Splined Polyline . Creates a curve through control points on a polyline.130 - . Changes the width for all polyline segments. and arcs to existing polylines. Pick Type the Pedit icon from the Modify II toolbar. Straightens curved segments.
0 Polylines are generated to start and end with a dash at each vertex Generates the linetype in a continuous pattern around the vertices of the polyline. Moves the location of the currently marked vertex. Regenerates the pline. Adds a new vertex after the currently marked vertex. Used with the width option.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial PLINEGEN Sets how linetype patterns are generated around the vertices of a twodimensional polyline. Does not apply to polylines with tapered segments.131 - . Attaches a tangent direction to the current vertex for later use in curve fitting. Type One of the following vertexoptions: Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/ Tangent/Width/eXit<N>: Next Previous Break Moves the X to the next vertex Moves the X to the previous vertex Remembers the currently marked vertex and allows you to move to another vertex. 1 Edit Vertex Options 1. Closed plines will open. Exits from editing vertices. You can then replace the segments between these vertices with a straight one. Insert Move Regen Straighten Tangent Width eXit . Remembers the currently marked vertex and allows you to move to another vertex. You can then remove the segments between these vertices. Changes starting and ending widths for the segment following the marked vertex.
132 - . Type the PEDIT at the command prompt. .3 1. Command: PEDIT Select polyline or [Multiple]:M Pick multiple polylines to edit.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Multiple Polylines 15.
or 2. Choose Modify. Select objects: (pick) Polyline before explode Polyline (line) after explode .Explode. Pick The object to explode. Pick Type the Explode icon.133 - . 3. EXPLODE at the command prompt.4 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Explode Command 15. Command: EXPLODE or 4.
134 - . .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Turning Lines into Polylines 15. You can then use the JOIN option under PEDIT to join additional lines to the polyline. Command: pedit Select polyline or [Multiple]: pick line Object selected is not a polyline Do you want to turn it into one? <Y> Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]: j TIP: • Lines and Arcs must have a common endpoint to join them together.5 Use the PEDIT command to pick lines. 1. AutoCAD will ask if you want to turn these lines into polylines.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 16 More Draw Commands .135 - .
Type The number of sides for the polygon (3-1024) Number of sides <default>: number 5. 3.1 1. or 2. Choose Draw. Edge/<Center of polygon>: pick or 6. Type Type E to define the polygon by two edges. Polygon. I or C to place the polygon inside or outside of an imaginarycircle. or Polygon at the command prompt. 7. Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle (I/C): Polygon drawn with Edge Polygon Inscribed in an imaginary circle Polygon circumscribed around an imaginary circle .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Polygon 16. Click Type the Polygonicon.136 - . Command: POLYGON 4. Pick The center of the polygon.
or 2. or Rectang at the command prompt Command: RECTANG Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width/ <First corner>: 4.e. other corner or type coordinates (i. Click Type the Rectangle icon.137 - . Rectangle.2 1. Choose Draw.2). 3. @4. 5. . Pick Pick first corner.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Rectangle 16.
2. or SPLINE at the command prompt Command: SPLINE 4. Spline. Choose Click Type Draw. Pick A start point for the spline Object / <Enter first point>: (pick point) 5. Press Pick Enter or close to complete the spline Starting tangent point for the spline Enter start tangent (pick point) 8.138 - . Pick Ending tangent point for the spline Enter end tangent: (pick point) . or the Spline icon.3 The SPLINE command creates a particular type of spline known as a nonuniform rational B-spline (NURBS) curve. 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Spline 16. 7. Pick Points until youare done drawing splines Enter point:(pick points) 6. A NURBS curve produces a smooth curve between control points 1.
TIP: Refer to AutoCAD online help topic for more information on spline options. Allows you to set a tolerance value that creates a smooth spline.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Spline options: Object Points Close Fit Tolerance Converts 2D or 3D spline-fit polylines to equivalent Splines Points that define the spline Closes a spline. .139 - .
Object.140 - . Choose Modify.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Splines 16. Spline. . TIP: Drawings containing splines use less memory and disk space than those containing spline -fit polylines of similar shape.4 1.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Covert PLINE to Spline 16. 4.141 - . 2. TIP: Use the LIST command to determine if an object is a PLINE or SPLINE.5 1. 5. . 3. Draw Type Choose Type Click a PLINE. once on the polyline to turn it into a spline. PEDIT to edit the polyline as a spline. Draw. Spline. Object at the command prompt.
Type A value for the inside diameter. Donut.5 4. Type A value for the outside diameter. Command: DONUT 3.6 Donuts are filled rings or solid-filled circles that actually are closed polylines with width.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Donut 16. or Donut at the command prompt. 1. Outside diameter <last>: 1 5. Choose Type Draw. Pick A point for the center of the donut.142 - . Center of doughnut: (point) . Inside diameter <last>: . 2.
4 degrees. Creates the ellipse by a specified center point. 2. The angle of the first axis determines the angle of the ellipse. 1.143 - . 4. or the Ellipse or Partial Ellipse icon. Ellipse. The angle of the first axis determines the angle of the elliptical arc. Creates an isometric circle in the current isometric drawing plane. The first axis can define either the major or the minor axis of the elliptical arc. The major axis is now treated as the diameter of a circle that will be rotated a specified amount around the axis. or 3. <Other axis distance> / Rotation: Specify a point or enter a distance Creates an elliptical arc. Choose Choose Draw.7 Creates an ellipse or an elliptical arc. The first axis can define either the major or the minor axis of the ellipse. You enter an angle between 0 and 89. Axis endpoint 2: Arc Center Isocircle Rotation .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Ellipse 16. Type Type ELLIPSE at the command prompt Command: ELLIPSE One of the following options: Arc/Center/Isocircle /<Axis endpoint 1>: Ellipse options: Axis endpoint 1 Defines the first axis by two specified endpoints.
Center. Axis. Axis Endpoint. Rotation=60 . Axis .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial ELLIPSE.144 - . Axis Endpoint. Axis ELLIPSE. Axis Endpoint. Eccentricity (Axis Endpoint. Other Axis Distance) ELLIPSE.
Justification/Scale/STyle/<From point>: pick point 4. 2. Multiline. 5. 1. 6. Command: MLINE 3. Type C to close the multiline back to the first point. or MLINE at the command prompt.145 - .8 MLINE Command Creates multiple parallel lines. Pick Pick Press A second point to continue the multiline. Choose Type Draw. <To point>: pick point The next point to continue drawing multilines. Close/Undo/<To point>: c . Undo/<To point>: pick point ENTER to end the mulitline Close/Undo/<To point>: press enter or 7.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Multilines 16. Pick A point to start the multiline.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Multiline Justifications Top Justification Bottom Justification Zero Justification .146 - .
. ElementProperties to change the appearance of the multilines. Choose Type Format.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Multiline Styles 16. Command: MLSTYLE 3. 2. ADD to create the newmultiline. Rename Choose Choose The existing style called STANDARD to your newstyle. 5.. Multiline Style. .9 1. or MLSTYLE at the command prompt.147 - . 4.
.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Multilines 16.148 - . Choose From one of the mledit options: . Type MLEDIT at the command prompt Command: MLEDIT 3.10 1. Multiline. Choose Modify. or 2..
2. Command: XLINE Specifya point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]: XLINE Options HOR VE R ANG BISECT OFFSET Creates a horizontal xline passing throug haspecified point. or 3. Creates a vertical xline passing throug h aspecified point Creates an xline at a specified angle.149 - . Creates an xline thatpasses throughthe selected angle vertex and bisects the angle between the first and second line Creates an xline parallelto another object. Choose Choose Draw.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Construction Line 16.11 Creates an infinite line. . Type XLINE at the command prompt. ConstructionLine or the XLINE icon. 1.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Ray Command 16.12 Creates an infinite line in one direction. Command: RAY Specify a point : (pick through point) .150 - . Choose Draw. 1. Type RAYat the command prompt. RAY or 2.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 17 Crosshatching .151 - .
or 3. or 2.. Type BHATCH at the command prompt Command: BHATCH . Hatch.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial BHATCH Command 17. Choose Draw. Click the Hatchicon.152 - .1 1..
Displays the hatching before applying it. Applies the properties of an existing associative hatch to the current Pattern Type and Pattern Properties options.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial BHATCHoptions: Pattern Type Sets the current pattern type by using AutoCAD's predefined patterns or user defined patterns. Pick Points Select Objects Inherit Properties Preview Hatch Associative Apply .153 - . Controls if hatch is double spaced or exploded. Pattern Properties Sets the current pattern. AutoCAD removes the dialog box and hatches the selected areas. angle. Controls associative hatching. The Boundary Hatch dialog box disappears and AutoCAD prompts for object selection. Creates the crosshatching in the boundary. scale. Constructs a boundary from existing objects that form an enclosed area. and spacing. Selects specific objects for hatching.
TAB from the BHATCH dialog. Hatchstyle Specifies the method used to hatch objects within the outermost hatch bound. . If there are no internal objects selected.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Advanced Hatch Options 17.154 - .ary. specifying a hatching style has no effect.2 1.. one of the following advanced options: Define Boundary Set Defines the set of objects AutoCAD analyzes when defining a boundary from a specified pick point. Boundary Options Specifies whether or not the temporary boundary objects will be added to the drawing. 2.. Choose Choose the Advanced.
.155 - .. TAB from the BHATCH dialog. 2. one of the following advanced options: .3 1. Choose Choose the Gradient.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Gradient Hatch 17.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
1. Choose Modify, Hatch... or 2. 3. Click Type the Hatch Edit icon from the Modify II toolbar. or HATCHEDIT at the command prompt. Command : HATCHEDIT 4. 5. Choose Pick One of the BHATCH options to modify. TheOK button.
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
Inherit Hatch 17.5
1. Choose Draw, Hatch... or 2. Click the Hatchicon. or 3. Type BHATCH at the command prompt Command: BHATCH 4. 5. Choose Pick InheritProperties. the crosshatchof anexisting associative hatchto make the current Pattern Type and Pattern Properties options. Preview Hatch Displays the hatching before applying it.
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
Chapter 18 Regions and Boundaries
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Boundary Command 18.1
Defines the object type,boundaryset, and island detectionmethod for defining boundaries from points youspecify. 1. 2. Choose Type Draw, Boundary or BOUNDARYat the command prompt. Command: BOUNDARY
Pick internal point
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
Region Command 18.2
Regions are two-dimensional areas you create from closed shapes or loops. Closed polylines, lines, and curves are valid selections. Curves include circular arcs, circles, elliptical arcs, ellipses, and splines.
Draw, Region REGION at the command prompt. Command: REGION Select objects: (pick boundary) Select objects:1 found 1 loop extracted. 1 Regioncreated.
Object created as a region
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Mass Properties 18.3
Calculates the mass properties of regions or solids.
Tools,Inquiry, Region/Mass Properties MASSPROP at the command prompt. Command: MASSPROP Select objects: (pick region)
---------------- REGIONS ----------------
Area: Perimeter: Bounding box: Centroid: Moments of inertia: Product of inertia: Radii of gyration:
11.1328 16.3734 X: 3.1508 -- 7.1352 Y: 2.8950 -- 6.8942 X: 5.1508 Y: 4.8946 X: 276.6983 Y: 305.3510 XY: 280.6701 X: 4.9854 Y: 5.2372
Principal moments and X-Y directions about centroid: I: 9.9891 along [1.0000 0.0000] J: 9.9891 along [0.0000 1.0000] Write analysis to a file? [Yes/No] <N>:
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 19 Blocks and Attributes .162 - .
. or 2. Choose Draw. 7. Click Type the Make Block icon. AVE_RENDER.163 - . RM_SDB. 3. Make. 6.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Creating Local Blocks (BMAKE) 19. and OVERHEAD as valid block names. Block. or BMAKE at the command prompt. LIGHT. SH_SPOT. an insertion point. 5. Insertion point Note You cannot use DIRECT. objects to be included in the block definition. OK.1 1. Type Pick Select Click the name of the block. Command: BMAKE or BLOCK 4.
2 1.164 - . 3. Choose the insertion point. Command: INSERT 4.. scale. Choose the name to insert a localblock and Browse. InsertBlock or the Insert icon from the INSERT toolbar. and rotation of the block.to insert a Wblock. INSERT at the command prompt. Choose Click Type Insert. Block Inserted with a zero degree rotation angle Block Inserted with a ninety degree rotation angle . 5.. 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Inserting Blocks 19.
Insert block name or (?) type name 3. Press ENTER to keep the same x scale factor as the originalblock. Insertion point: pick point 4. Pick A rotationangle.INSERT at the command prompt. X scale factor <1>Corner / XYZ: ENTER to keep the same x scale factor as the originalblock. Type .165 - . Rotationangle <0>: or 7. Yscale factor (default=X): 5. . Type Block name to insert. Pick An insertion point. Command: -INSERT 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Typing Insert (-INSERT) 1. Press 6. Press ENTER to keep a rotation angle of zero.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Control the Color and Linetype of Blocks 19. that you have set to override the color. If you have not explicitly set them. linetype. and lineweight assigned to the current layer.3 The objects in an inserted block can retain their original properties. and lineweight properties of objects are treated when a block reference is inserted. Objects in the block inherit color. linetype. and lineweight properties individually for each object in the block definition: do not use BYBLOCK or BYLAYER color. linetype. and lineweight that you have set explicitly. For this choice. and lineweight to BYLAYER. linetype. it is recommended that you set the color. linetype. Objects inherit color. set the current color or linetype to BYBLOCK. - - - - - . For this choice. and lineweight properties from the current settings. then these properties are inherited from the color. and lineweight settings when creating these objects. The properties of objects in the block do not change regardless of the current settings. set the current layer to 0. linetype. and lineweight properties from the current color. before you create objects to be included in the block definition. can inherit properties from the layer on which they are inserted. or lineweight assigned to the current layer.166 - . that is. linetype. or can inherit the properties set as current in the drawing. linetype. before you create objects to be included in the block definition. and lineweight properties from the color. Objects in the block do not inherit color. linetype. and lineweight assigned to the current layer only. For this choice. linetype. You have three choices for how the color. and set the current color. linetype.
Press ENTER to end the selectionset. . 5. Select objects: pick objects 7. Press Pick ENTER to create a block. Type Type A drawing name (and location).167 - . 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Wblock Command 19. A block name if a local block already exists. Type WBLOCK at the command prompt Command: WBLOCK 2.4 Writes objects to a new drawing file. Block name: name or 4. An insertionpoint on the object Insertion base point: pick a point 6. Pick Objects to create the block. 3.
or PURGE at the command prompt Command: PURGE One of the following purge options: Purge unused Blocks/Dimstyles/LAyers/ LTypes/ SHapes/STyles/Mlinestyles/All: 2.5 1. Purge. 3. Type Choose .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Purge 19.168 - . Drawing Utilities. Choose File.
6 1. 3. Does not prompt for this Attribute during Block insertion. Define Attributes. Command: ATTDEF TAG to specifyeach attribute occurrence in the drawing.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Defining Attributes 19. All occurrences of this Attribute have the same value. 5. Choose Draw. Invisible Constant Verify Preset Does notdisplay. Prompt to fill in the prompt that the user sees when placing the attribute. Toggle the following mode settings to on or off ... Block. butallows extraction. 6. Value to fill in a default value. Type Choose Choose Choose Pick Create ATTDEF at the command prompt. 4. An insertionpoint for each attribute A block whichincludes the newattributes. Issues extra prompts to verifya proper value. 7. . or 2.169 - .
or 2. Object. Choose Modify. Attribute.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Attributes 19. or ATTEDIT at the command prompt Command: ATTEDIT 4.7 1. Click Type the Edit Attribute iconfromthe Modify II Toolbar.170 - .. Pick The block to edit Select block: pick . 3.Single..
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Block Attribute Manager 19. Choose Modify. Command:BATTMAN or 3. BATTMAN at the command prompt. 2. Attribute.171 - . Block Attribute Manager or the Block Attribute Manager icon from the Modify II Toolbar 4. Object. Open Type a drawing withattributes. Click .8 1.
Open Type a drawing with attributes. Press ATTSYNC block computer? [Yes/No]<Yes>: enter to synchronies. Command:ATTSYNC 3. . Click the Block Attribute Manager icon from the Modify IItoolbar.9 Updates all instances of a specified block with the current attributes defined for the block 1. Press Enter anoption [?/Name/Select] <Select>: enter and select a block with attributes. 4. 5.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Synchronize Attributes 19. 2. ATTSYNC at the command prompt.172 - . ATTSYNC complete.
173 - . the Current Drawing radio button and Next. Attribute Extraction.. the Blocks and Attributes to extract and Next.10 The Editor enables you to edit the attributes in an individual block as opposed to the Block Manager which is used to Block Definitions. . Open Choose a drawing with block attributes. 6. 5. 7. or 3. Click Choose the Attribute Extract icon from the Modify II toolbar.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Enhanced Attribute Extract 19. Next to not choose an existing template.. Click Click Choose Next to choose Xrefs and nested blocks from the Settings window. 2. 1. Tools. 4.
. Click Save Open Next. the file phone.xls the template in Excel. 11. 9. Choose the View output.174 - . 10.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 8.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 20 Design Center and Tool Palettes .175 - .
3.176 - . Command: adcenter . or ADCENTER at the command prompt.1 The AutoCAD DesignCenter finds and tranfers blocks.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Design Center Overview 20. Choose Tools. dimensionstyles. AutoCAD DesignCenter. text styles. layers. etc from drawings. WEB 1. Press Type CTL+2 on the keyboard. or 2.
2 1. Drag Blocks menus. Choose 2. from one of the Design Center and drop a block from the Design Center into a drawing.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Design Center Blocks 20.177 - . TIP: • Blocks with attributes will be prompted as they are inserted into the drawing .
Drag TIP: • Be sure the HPSCALE is set before dropping a hatch patterninto a drawing.3 1. Choose a crosshatchpattern fromthe following AutoCAD directory \AutoCADxxxx\Support\acad.178 - . .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Hatching from the Design Center 20. 2.pat or \AutoCADxxxx\Backup and drop a patterninto a drawing.
ToolPalettes Window Palettes iconfrom the Standard Toolbar 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 20. Choose Tool.179 - . Choose .4 Tool Palettes 1.
Divide. Measure .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 21 Point.180 - .
Point Style. 2. Command : DDPTYPE ... Choose Type Format.1 Changes the appearance of points and point sizes. 1.181 - . or DDPTYPE at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Point Styles 21.
Point (point) .Point.Single or Multiple Point.182 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Point Command 21. Click the Point icon. Pick A point on the drawing. Command : POINT 4.2 1. or 2. Type POINT at the command prompt. Choose Draw. or 3.
Divide. or polyline. Type DIVIDE at the command prompt Command: DIVIDE 3. If you enter a segment count between 2 and 32.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Divide 21. Circle. Type The number of equal segments to divide the object into<Number of segments>/Block: (number) Objects divided using points . Pick Object to divide Select object to divide: (pick one object) You can select a single Line.767. Choose Draw.Point.3 1.183 - . Point entities will be placed along the object to divide it into that number of equal segments. 4. or 2. Arc.
Type The number of equal segments to divide the object into<Number of segments>/Block: (number) TIP: The Block must currently be defined within the drawing. Type Yes or No to align the block with an object Align block with object? Y or N Number of segments: 8.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial or 5. Objects divided using block symbols . the Block will be rotated round its insertion point so that it is drawn tan.gent to the object being divided. 6.184 - . Type Type B to specify a block instead of a point to insert. The name of the block to insert Block name to insert: (name) 7. If you answer yes to the Align block? prompt.
Choose Draw.Point.185 - . Type MEASURE at the command prompt. Pick Type Object to measure: Select object to measure: (pick one object) The length of eachsegment along the object.Measure.4 1. <Lengthof segment>/Block:(number) or 5. Command: MEASURE 3. Points placed along measured distance (remaining length is on the right side of the line) . or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Measure 21. 4. Type B to specifya block instead of a point to insert.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 22 Grips .186 - .
.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Grips Overview 22. and mirror entities. copy. quadrants withoutentering object snaps. rotate. Unselected Grip An unselected grip is one that has not yet been picked with the cursor.187 - . Without entering any edit commands. centers. scale. move.1 Entity Grips Entity grips allow AutoCAD drawings to be edited in an entirely new way. You can also snap to geometric features such as endpoints. midpoints. but is an item in the current selection set (it is highlighted). you can stretch. Grips are the small squares that appear whenobjects are selected with the crosshairs directly from the command prompt.Pick anobject to see grips.
Press ESC to clear GRIPS. TIP: If grips are visible on an object. The red grip at the line endpoint is the selected grip Cancelling Grips 1. .188 - . It has a solid filled color and is the grip location that editing is done from. pressing the DEL key or ERASE will delete the selected object.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Selected Grip A selected grip is the grip box that you select with the cursor to define the base point to edit from.
Pick Pick Press The objects youwant to edit. or The keyword for the mode you want: Stretch(ST) Stretch the objects.189 - . Scale (SC) Scale the objects. 7. 4. X to exit Grip mode. Mirror (MI) Mirror the objects. . Rotate (RO) Rotate the objects.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial How To Use Grips 22. the SPACE BAR. 2. or RIGHT MOUSE BUTTONto cycle through the grip modes. 3. 6. One of the grips to use as the base grip. C to create a new copy of the selection set enter C. Drag Type Type The mouse to perform the operation. Move (MO) Move the objects.2 1. Type 5.
To invoke the grid. hold the SHIFT keyafter specifying the location of the first copy.190 - .and rotation of the remaining entities.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Copy Multiple with Grips 22. AutoCAD then uses the X and Yoffsets from the originalentity to define the snap. a temporary auxiliary snap grid is created.grid. Holding the SHIFT Key while in Copy Mode will create a copied array of objects .3 If you use the COPYoption with any one of the edit commands.
Choose Choose the Selectiontab from the dialog box.. 4.. Command: DDGRIPS 3. . Type DDGRIPS at the command prompt. Enable Grips Enables the display of grips.Options. the Grip setting to change.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Grips Settings (DDGRIPS Command) 22. or 2. Choose Tools.4 1.191 - . AutoCAD stores this setting in the GRIPS system variable.
AutoCAD stores the color in the GRIPCOLOR system variable. blocks are assigned one grip at their insertion point. To adjust the size of grips. Choosing this button displays the Select Color dialog. move the slider box left or right. Selected Sets the color of selected (filled) grips. Changes the size of grips. . If you disable this setting (but have Enable Grips selected).192 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Enable Grips Within Blocks Enables the display of grips on objects within blocks. AutoCAD stores the pixel size (1-255) of the grips in the GRIPSIZE system variable. Choosing this button displays the Select C olor dialog box. Unselected Sets the color of unselected (unfilled) grips. Disable this setting to work on blocks with many objects. in which you set the grip color. AutoCAD stores the pixel size (1-255) of the grips in the GRIPSIZE system variable. Grip Size Changes the size of grips. AutoCAD stores this setting in the GRIPBLOCK system variable. AutoCAD stores the color in the GRIPHOT system variable. move the slider box left or right. To adjust the size of grips. in which you set the grip color.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
Chapter 23 Advanced Selection Commands
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Selection Modes 23.1
1. 2. Choose Choose Tools, Options... the SelectionTAB from the following dialog.
the settings as desired.
Allows you to select an object before starting a command. The command affects the previously selected object or objects. You can also set this option by using the PICKFIRST system variable.
Use Shift to Add to Selection
Adds or removes an object to the selection set when you press SHIFTand select an object.
Press and Drag
Draws a selection window by selecting a point and dragging the pointing device to a second point.
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
Initiates the drawing of a selection window when you select a point outside anobject.
Selects all objects in a group when you select one object in that group. With GROUP you can create and name a set of objects for selection.
Determines which objects are selected when you select an associative hatch. If this option is selected, boundary objects are also selected when you select an associative hatch.
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Groups 23.2
1. Type GROUP at the command prompt. Command:GROUP a name for a new group. the Newbutton under Create Group. objects to be included in the group. ENTER whendone choosing objects. OK.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Type Choose Pick Press Pick
Lines in a group
Turning Groups ON/OFF
At any time, toggle group selection on and off by pressing either CTRL+H or SHIF T+CTRL +A.
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
Object Selection Cycling 23.3
It is difficult to select objects that are close together or lie directly on top of one another. The following example shows two lines and a circle that all lie within the selection pickbox 1. 2. Press Pick the CTRL key before choosing objects at the Select Objects prompt. repeatedly in the area where multiple objects are located. AutoCAD will cycle throughall objects that were touching the pickbox. ENTER whenthe desired object highlights. ENTER again.
Objects touching pickbox
First object selected highlights
Second object selected
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Double-Click Edit 23.4
1. Double-Click an object to edit.
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AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Draw Order 23.5 1. . or the Draworder Icon from the Modify II Toolbar. Type DRAWORDER at the command prompt.199 - . Command: DRAWORDER Select objects: pick an object. 2. Choose Click Tools. or 3. DisplayOrder.
200 - . Add to List. Command: FILTER Applying filter to selection. Line in the Object Selection Filters dialog box under Select Filter. Select objects: all 6 found 3 were filtered out. ALL at the Select Objects prompt or select a window. Type Select Choose Choose Type FILTER at the Command prompt. 5. Apply.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Object Filters 23. 2.6 1. . 4. 3.
TEXT HEIGHT < . Use the “P” previous option to select these objects.7 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Quick Select 23. Command: QSELECT the selection criteria (i. .e.5) OK. 3. 2. TIP: AutoCAD puts those object(s) into a selection set.201 - . Type Enter Choose QSELECT at the command prompt.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer Filters 23.202 - . Choose the three dots (.8 1.. Choose the type of filter youwould like to use (e. layer name = 1st*) .g. 2. 3.. Choose the layer dialog box.) to invoke the filterdialog for layers.
Command:CIRCLE .Y are used for two dimensional drawings. Pick The point to filter (HINT: use osnaps) of MID of point on x axis 4. .XY. such as the X.9 AutoCAD point filters allow the user to specify one coordinate. Pick A diameter or radius Diameter/<radius>: Pick or type a diameter X point filter Y point filter Circle center is placed at the intersection of the filters .X 3. . 2. with another pick. Type Type A command that asks for a point. Pick The next point to filter (needYZ) MID of point on y axis 5.X when AutoCAD asks for a point.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Point Filters 23.XZ and . Only . 1.203 - ..X and .Y. The point filters are .X. with one pick and a second coordinate. 3P/2P/TTR/<center point>: . such as the Y.YZ.
204 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 24 External References .
vports.dwg and layer a-wall) . to the Xref. lists. and blocks into their current drawing. unloads. renames. layers.Layer zero(0) resides on layer zero(0) of the current drawing. HOUSE|A-WALL for drawing house. Choose Insert. . . -Current drawing contains only a “pointer”. thus always showing the latest revision of the Xref. text styles. ucs’s. 1. in which case they become blocks. -The Xref is reloaded each time the current drawing is loaded. overlays.. (i. Click the Xref Iconfrom the Reference Toolbar. -Xrefs import their linetypes. Type XREF at the command Prompt. or 2. dimstyles.205 - .. views.Xrefs can be bound to the current drawing. . . ExternalReference. reloads.e. binds.Xref’s layers can be turned on/off in the current drawing. the path and filename. or 3. -The current drawing does not increase much in size when it contains an Xref.Xdep stands for external reference dependent objects. Command: XREF The following are Xref characteristics: -An external reference file is known as an “Xref”. and modifies paths to external references (xrefs) in the current (or host) drawing. -Each Xref named object is p refixed with the xref drawing name and a pipe “|” symbol. detaches.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial External Reference Files Overview Attaches.
-Xrefs can be clipped to show parts of the reference files.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial -Xref layers cannot be made current the the drawing they are xreferenced into.Xrefs can be snapped to.206 - . . file and pathname can be changed. -Xrefs can be re-loaded during the current drawing session. -Xref entities cannot be individually modified in the current drawing. -Xrefs can be plotted. -Xrefs can be detatched from the current drawing and will disappear. -The current drawing pointer. -Xrefs can be nested. .
Specify the insertionparameters. .1 Attaches. Click Choose the Xref Attach Iconfrom the Reference Toolbar. lists. and modifies paths to external references (xrefs) in the current (or host) drawing. binds. reloads. Type XATTACH at the command prompt. or 3. ExternalReference or 2. renames.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Attaching Xrefs 24.207 - . Choose Insert. overlays. a drawing name to attach. unloads. detaches. 4. 1. 5.
-Xref layers cannot be made current the the drawing they are xreferenced into.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Xref Layers 24. -Layer zero(0) resides on layer zero(0) of the current drawing. . -Xref’s layers can be turned on/off in the current drawing.208 - . HOUSE|A-WALL for drawing house. (i.e.dwg and layer a-wall) -Xdep stands for external reference dependent objects.2 Layer Dialog Box -Each Xref named object is prefixed with the xref drawing name and a pipe “|” symbol.
Choose Modify.3 Defines an xref or block clipping boundary and sets the front or back clipping planes. Click the Xclip Iconfrom the Reference Toolbar. or 3.XRef or 2. Clip.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Xclip 24.209 - . Type XCLIP at the command prompt. Command: XCLIP Select objects: Other corner: 1 found Select objects: pick reference file ON/OFF/Clipdepth/Delete/generate Polyline/ <New boundary>: Specifyclipping boundary: Select polyline/Polygonal/<Rectangular>: First corner: Other corner: pick corners Defining a Clipping Boundary . 1.
ExternalReference. Object. or XCLIPFRAME at the command prompt. Command: XCLIPFRAME 0 Clipping boundary is not visible 1 Clipping boundary is visible Turning xclip frame on/off . Choose Type Modify.4 Controls visibility of xref clipping boundaries. 2. 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Xclipframe 24.210 - .
2. OK. Choose Choose Bind or Insert. 4.e.5 Converts Xreference files to block definitions in the current drawing. Choose Choose Choose Insert. the layer called HOUSE|AWALL becomes HOUSE$0$A-WALL). Binding looses the connection to the referenced file. .Xref Manager an xref name.ated objects change names (i. To Bind an Xref: 1. the Bind option. Xrefs can also be inserted like Wblocks. Associ. 5.211 - . 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Binding an Xref 24.
.6 The XBIND command is used to bind layers. 3. Choose Modify. blocks. Object.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Xbind 24.. or 2. and dimstyles of an attached xref without binding the entire xref. Command: XBIND Block / Dimstyle / LAyer / LType / Style: . Type XBIND at the command prompt. linetypes. 1.Bind. styles. External Reference.212 - . Click the Xbind Icon fromthe Reference Toolbar.
presses the display and regeneration of the xref definition. the Unload option.7 Detaching Xrefs Detaches one or more xrefs from your drawing. 2. Unload an Xref Unloads one or more xrefs. Choose Choose a drawing name to detach from the Xref Dialog.unloading does not remove the xref permanently. the Detachoption.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Xrefs (Xref Manager) 24. Unlike detach. Choose Choose a drawing name to unload from the Xref Dialog. .213 - . Unloaded xrefs can be easily reloaded. to help current session editing and improvement of performance. erasing all instances of a specified xref and marking the xref definition for deletion from the symbol table. 1. It merely sup. 2. 1.
Xref and Block Editing. or 2. Edit Xreference in Place. the edits with the following icons. the Reload option. Opening Xrefs to Edit 1. This option re-reads and displays the most recently saved version of the drawing. Xref and Block Editing.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Reload an Xref Marks one or more xrefs for reloading.Open Reference. . the objects as desired. 4. 3. 2. Choose Choose a drawing name to reload from the Xref dialog. Choose Edit Save Modify. 1.214 - . Choose Modify.
. but don’t plan to plot using that data.215 - . but does not want to xref b. which is not included when a.dwg because it would then appear twice in master. or 2. The person working on a. several people are working on drawings referenced by master. the person overlays b. Choose the Attachoptionfrom the XrefDialog. Click Choose Choose the Xref Attach Iconfrom the Reference Toolbar.dwg.dwg.dwg.dwg.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Overlay an Xref 24.dwg. 1. 3.dwg is referenced by master. 4.8 Overlays are typically used when you need to view another drawing’s geometry temporarily. Overlayin the AttachXref dialog box under Reference Type.dwg needs to see the work being completed by the person working on b. In the following illustration. Instead. a drawing name to attach.
216 - . . Specify the insertionparameters.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 5.
217 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 25 Raster Images .
1 1. a raster image file to insert. a locationto insert the image. 2. 4.218 - .. Click the Image iconfrom the Reference Toolbar. .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Inserting Images 25.. or IMAGEATTACHat the command prompt. Command: IMAGEATTACH or 5. 3. Raster Image. Choose Choose Specify Type Insert.
3.Adjust. 2. . a raster image file edit..219 - .2 Adjusting Image Appearance 1. Object. Choose Choose Choose Modify.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Image Appearance 25.. Image. options from the dialog box to adjust.
Transparency. Image.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Image Transparency 1. a raster image file edit. ONor OFF to turnan image’s transparency on or off. Command: imagequality Enter image quality setting [High/Draft] <High>: . Type IMAGEQUALITY at the command prompt. Imagequality 1. Erasing Images 1. Click Choose once on the image to remove. Cut.220 - . 3. Choose Choose Type Modify. 2. 2. Object. Edit.
221 - . Choose Modify.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Clipping Images 25. Image. Clip.3 1. .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 26 Dimensioning .222 - .
or 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Linear Dimensions 26. or 2. Type DIM at the command prompt. Click the Linear Dimension command from the toolbar. Choose Dimension.223 - . Command: DIM Dim: HOR or VER .1 1. Linear.
224 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Aligned Dimensions 26. Type DIM at the command prompt. or 3. Aligned. Choose Dimension.2 1. Click the Aligned Dimension command from the toolbar. or 2. Command: DIM Dim: ALIGNED .
Choose 2 . Click Dimension.225 - . Type DIM at the command prompt.3 1 . Radius or Diameter. or 3 .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Radial Dimensions 26. Command: DIM Dim: RADIUS or DIAMETER . or the Radial Dimensions command from the toolbar.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Angular Dimensions 26. Command: DIM Dim: ANGULAR . or 3 . or the Angular Dimensions command from the toolbar.4 1 . Choose 2 . Angular. Type DIM at the command prompt.225 - . Click Dimension.
Type DIM at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Continued and Baseline Dimensions 26.226 - . Choose 2 . or 3 . Continue or Baseline. Click Dimension.5 1 . Command: DIM Dim: CONTINUE or BASELINE . or the Continue or Baseline Dimensions command from the toolbar.
227 - . Choose Dimension. or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Leaders 26.. Command: QLEADER . Click the Leader icon from the Dimension toolbar. Type QLEADER at the command prompt. or 3. Leader..6 1.
2. Command: QLEADER “S” at the QLEADER prompt to change the leader settings. . 3. a setting from the following dialog box. Type Type Choose QLEADER at the command prompt.228 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Leader Settings 1.
or 3. or the Quick Dimension icon from the Dimensions toolbar. . Type QDIM at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Quick Dimensions 26. QDIM. Command: QDIM 4. 2. Choose Click Dimension. 1.7 Quickly creates dimension arrangements from the geometry you select. Pick the objects to dimension.229 - .
the dimension text to modify. Text can be placed in front of or behind these brackets. 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Modifying Dimensions 26. Stretch. a crossing window around the area to stretch. Be sure to include the dimension endpoints. the dimension loses its associative properties. Text. Choose Choose Modify.230 - . Choose Choose Modify. Stretching Dimensions 1. Object. . If text is placed between the brackets. 2.8 DDEDIT 1. TIP: The actual dimension is placed in brackets <>.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial DIMTEDIT Moves and rotates dimension text 1. Command: DIMTEDIT Select dimension: select object Enter text location (Left / Right / Angle): Dimension Edit Commands HOMetext NEWtext Rotate OBlique OVerride UPdate Moves the Dimension text back to its home (default) position. 2. . Sets the obliquing angle of Dimension extension lines. Redraws the Dimensions as directed by the current settings of all dimensioning variables. Choose Type Dimension. Align Text. Rotates dimension text. o r DIMTEDIT at the command prompt. Modifies the text of the Dimensions. Overrides a subset of the Dimension variable settings.231 - .
232 - . Choose Type Dimension. Ordinate or DIMORDINATE at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Ordinate Dimensions 26. Command: Dimordinate . 2.9 1.
233 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 27 Dimension Styles .
Type DDIM at the command prompt Command:DDIM 5. a new style from the existing styles. or 3. Dimension Style. or 2. from the dialog box.... Choose Create New. 7. 4. TIP: All dimension variables except for DIMSHO and DIMASO can be saved as a style.234 - . Style.. Choose Dimension. .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Creating Dimension Styles 27. Choose Dimension Style icon from the Dimension Style toolbar. Click the Continue button.1 1. Choose Format. 6.
Pick the Lines and Arrows tab from the Dimension Variables and Styles dialog box.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Lines and Arrows 27.235 - . and Arrows. . 1.2 Edits Dimension Lines. Extension Lines.
Pick the Text tab from the Dimension Variables and Styles dialog box. Text Placement and Text Alignment.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Text 27.236 - . .3 Edits Text Appearance. 1.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Primary Units 27. 1. .237 - . Pick the PRIMARY UNIT tab from the Dimension Variables and Styles dialog box.4 Edits Unit options for dimension’s primary units.
1. . Pick the ALTERNATE UNIT tab from the Dimension Variables and Styles dialog box.5 Edits Unit options for dimension’s alternate units.238 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Alternate Units 27.
Pick the TOLERANCES tab from the Dimension Variables and Styles dialog box.6 Edits Unit options for tolerances. 1.239 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Tolerances 27. .
.240 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Fit 27. 1.7 Edits Unit options for fitting dimensions and dimension scales. Pick the FIT tab from the Dimension Variables and Styles dialog box.
Pick the FIT tab from the Dimension Variables and Styles dialog box.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Dimscale 27. 1. .241 - .8 Edits Unit options for fitting dimensions and dimension scales.
. DIMSE1 which suppresses the first extension line). a dimension setting to change (i. Enter new value for dimension variable <Off>: on 4. 2.e.242 - . Set the new value. the dimension to override. 5. Command: _dimoverride Enter dimension variable name to override or [Clear overrides]: dimse1 3. Press Pick enter.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Dimension Overrride 27. Override.9 1. Choose Type Dimension.
10 1.1250 0. Command: SETVAR Enter variable name or [?]: ? Enter variable(s) to list <*>: dim* DIMADEC DIMALT DIMALTD DIMALTF DIMALTRND DIMALTTD DIMALTTZ DIMALTU DIMALTZ DIMAPOST DIMASO DIMASSOC DIMASZ DIMATFIT DIMAUNIT DIMAZIN DIMBLK DIMBLK1 DIMBLK2 DIMCEN DIMCLRD DIMCLRE DIMCLRT DIMDEC DIMDLE DIMDLI 3 0 0 "ArchTick" "" "" 0.4000 0.1800 0 OFF 2 25.243 2 0 2 0 "" ON 1 0. Type SETVAR at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Dimension Variables 27.0900 0 0 5 1 0.5000 .0000 .
" 0.0000 OFF 4 -2 -2 "" 0.0000 ON OFF 0.1250 .244 - .0000 OFF OFF OFF OFF ON OFF "ARCH" (read only) ".0000 3 0 0.0000 OFF 1.0900 0 "Open90" 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial DIMDSEP DIMEXE DIMEXO DIMFIT DIMFRAC DIMGAP DIMJUST DIMLDRBLK DIMLFAC DIMLIM DIMLUNIT DIMLWD DIMLWE DIMPOST DIMRND DIMSAH DIMSCALE DIMSD1 DIMSD2 DIMSE1 DIMSE2 DIMSHO DIMSOXD DIMSTYLE DIMTAD DIMTDEC DIMTFAC DIMTIH DIMTIX DIMTM 1 1 1.1800 0.
245 - .0000 0.0000 "Standard" 0.1800 0 4 OFF 0 .0000 0.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial DIMTMOVE DIMTOFL DIMTOH DIMTOL DIMTOLJ DIMTP DIMTSZ DIMTVP DIMTXSTY DIMTXT DIMTZIN DIMUNIT DIMUPT DIMZIN 0 OFF ON OFF 1 0.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 28 Views and Viewports .246 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Named Views 28.1
1. Choose View, Named Views... or 2. 3. Click Type the Named View icon from the View toolbar. DDVIEW at the command prompt. Command: DDVIEW
4. 5. 6.
Choose Type Choose
the NEW button. a view name. Current display or Define Window.
- 247 -
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
Typing the View Command
1. 2. Type Type View at the command prompt. Command: -VIEW One of the following view options: ?/Delete/Restore/Save/Window:
? Delete Restore Save Window Lists the named views for this drawing Deletes the named view Displays the specified view Attaches a name to the current view of the drawing Attaches a name to specified window
Plotting Named Views
- 248 -
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Viewports 28.2
1. 2. 3. Choose Choose Click View, Viewports, New Viewports... one of the viewports configurations OK.
once in each vport to make it active. a ZOOM option in each viewport.
- 249 -
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
New Name Restore Delete Join SIngle Gives a name to a viewport Restores an original viewport DEL deletes a viewport Joins two viewports together Creates on viewport in the drawing
TIPS: Viewports can be named and restored later. AutoCAD plots only the current vport.
- 250 -
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial
Chapter 29 Model Space and Paper Space
- 251 -
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Creating a Layout 29.1
1. Choose the Layout1 TAB at the bottom of the screen.
Layout 1 to change the name and other properties of a layout
- 252 -
253 - . 3. Change Change the name of the layout. 2. the remaining Layout options for page setup and plots. Choose the Layout2 TAB at the bottom of the screen.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Creating Multiple Layouts 29.2 1. .
2.254 - .3 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Quick View Layouts 29. . Choose a layout to view. Choose Quick View Layouts from the status bar.
TIP: Mviews should be created on their own layers in order to be turned ON/OFF. Command: MVIEW or MV ON/OFF/Hideplot/Fit/2/3/4/Restore/<<First Point>>: P1 Other corner: P2 • • • 1. Viewports. . or 2. The default mview option is "<<first point>>" To use this option. Choose Type View. Pspace mode must be active to use mview.4 • The MVIEW command controls the size and position of the mview viewports (from now on called mviews).AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Mview Command 29. Mview is to tilemode = 0 as vports is to tilemode = 1. At the "other corner" prompt. AutoCAD will automatically switch to pspace when you issue the mview command. pick a point which represents the opposite corner of the mview. 1 Viewport. Use mview when you would like to see a view of the model.255 - . Type MVIEW at the command prompt. pick a point which represents one corner of the mview.
5 1.g. 3.256 - . ellipse) View. Object the object to make a viewport. Draw Choose Choose a shape in Paper Space (e.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Irregular Shaped Viewports 29. . Viewports. circle. 2. polygon.
Double-Click the word “PAPER” on the Status Bar to toggle to model space. .257 - . Command: MSPACE or MS or 2. 1. To enter model space mode use "MSPACE".AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Model Space 29. Notice the ucsicon will appear in each of the mviews when you enter model space. Type MSPACE at the command prompt.6 MSPACE (model space) can only be activated if there is at least one mview.
. This environment is used to lay out a 2 dimen. 1.258 - .6 PSPACE mode should be entered to create a border. you should plot 1=1. Double-Click the word “MODEL” on the Status Bar to toggle to paper space. a title. Command: PSPACE or PS or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Paper Space 29. Type PSPACE at the command prompt. When you plot from pspace. Notice the "Paper" in the status line and the pspace icon. and annotations only. mviews.sional working drawing suitable for plotting.
AutoCAD specifies the scale rela. Type Type MS at the command prompt to enter Model Space for each individual viewport.tive to paper space units. For example.5xp displays model space at half the scale of paper space units. If you enter a value followed by xp. Views can also be shown in 3D by using the VPOINT command. type ZOOM 3XP. SCALE 2=1 SCALE ZOOM 1/4XP 1=1 . Command: ZOOM All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/ Scale(X/XP)/ Window/<Realtime>: 3XP You can also change the scale from the Viewports Toolbar.259 - . • • 1.7 • • Use ZOOM "XP" to zoom the model a certain factor of the paper. If you w ant to plot the m odel at 1/4”=1’. If you want to plot a part at 3 times. ZOOM at the command prompt.Zooming in Model Space 29. 2. type ZOOM 1/48XP .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Scales . entering .
260 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Adding Text in Paper Space 29.8 Title block text and miscellaneous text can be added in Paper Space. .
remember to use the HIDEPLOT option in the MVIEW command.9 • • • • Plotting all MVIEWS should be done from Paper Space not from Model Space. For hidden line removals.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Plotting in Paper Space 29. .261 - . Once a ZOOM SCALE has been defined. do not zoom again before plotting. You can change the display with the PAN command. you should plot1=1. When you plot from pspace.
Choose Insert.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layout Wizard 29. Layout.262 - .10 1 . Layout Wizard 2 Change the various options in the Layout Wizard. .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial .263 - .
264 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial .
Type Command: TILEMODE New value for tilemode <1> : 0 . These traditional viewports are known as "tiled areas of the screen". They may overlap. When tilemode is set to "1". The new metaview (mview) viewports can be used. More than one mview can be plotted at a time. They can only be plotted one as a time. Command: TILEMODE New value for tilemode <1> : Press ENTER When tilemode is set to "0".11 Tilemode is an AutoCAD syste m variable which can be set to 0 or 1.265 - . like floortiles. Mviews can be any size or place on the screen. 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Tilemode 29. Type TILEMODE at the command prompt. viewports act as they traditionally did. 1. Each mview can be quickly turned on or off. Each viewport butts up against the next. This is the default setting. The viewports fill the screen.
3.12 VPLAYER (viewport layer) controls layers on and off. Highlight the layer to freeze or thaw in the current or new viewport. . for each mview. and freeze and thaw. Layers must be on and thawed globally before they can be effected per mview with vplayer. The layer dialog box also allows control of layers for each viewport.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Viewport Layers 29. the layer dialog box. freeze and thaw. Layer controls the on and off. 1. globally. 2. Click Choose in the viewport to change layer status.266 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 30 Options Menu .267 - .
. the Files TAB.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Files 30. Options. 2.268 - ..1 1.. Choose Click Tools.
2.. the Display TAB.2 1. .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Display 30.269 - .. Choose Click Tools. Options.
3 1. Options.. the Open and Save TAB. 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Open and Save 30..270 - . . Choose Click Tools.
.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Plotting 30.4 1.. the Plotting and Save TAB. Choose Click Tools. Options. 2. .271 - .
2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial System 30.. the System TAB. Choose Click Tools.5 1. .272 - .. Options.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial User Preferences 30.. . Choose Click Tools. 2.273 - . the User Preferences TAB.6 1.. Options.
. Choose Click Tools.274 - .7 1..AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Drafting 30. . 2. the Drafting TAB. Options.
2. the Selection TAB. Choose Click Tools. .8 1...275 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Selection 30. Options.
276 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 31 Drawing Utilities .
. Drawing Utilities.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AUDIT 31. or 2 .277 - . Type Audit at the command prompt Command: AUDIT 3 .1 1 . Choose File. Audit. Type Yes or No to fix any errors Fix any errors detected? <N>: Y or N If a drawing contains errors that AUDIT can't fix. use the RECOVER command to retrieve the drawing and correct its errors.
. Drawing Utilities. Performing a recover on a DXF file will only open the file..278 - . . Recover. Choose File.2 1 . or 2 . Type RECOVER at the command prompt Command : RECOVER The RECOVER command performs recoveries or audit operations on DWG files only..AutoCAD 2D Tutorial RECOVER 31.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial PURGE 31. Type PURGE at the command prompt Command: PURGE 3 . Purge.279 - . Choose File. or 2 . Type One of the following purge options: Purge unused Blocks/Dimstyles/LAyers/LTypes/ SHapes/STyles/Mlinestyles/All: . Drawing Utilities.3 1 .
Type T h e new object name New (object) name: Enter the new name . Rename.. or 2 . Choose 4 . Type 3 .280 - .. Type RENAME at the command prompt Command: RENAME One of the following options to rename“ Block / Dimstyle / LAyer / LType / Style / Ucs / VIew / VPort: The old object name Old (object) name: Enter the old name 5 .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Rename 31. Choose Format.4 1 .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 32 Data Management .281 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Importing Files 32.282 - . Choose File. Choose 3 . ACIS. Command: Import . DXB. Type Insert. Open or 2 .1 1 . or ESP or Import at the command prompt. WMF. 3D Studio.
Choose File. Export . Saveas or 2 .2 1 .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Exporting Files 32.283 - . Choose File.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 33 Object Linking and Embedding .284 - .
Copy. Pick 5 .1 1 .285 - . Paste. .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Copying from AutoCAD 33. Choose Edit. Microsoft Word) 2 . to the Window’s program. TAB the AutoCAD objects to copy. 6 . Choose Edit.g. Open an AutoCAD drawing. 3 . Launch a Windows program to link to (e. 4 .
Press 4. Launch a Windows program to link to (e.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Print Screen 33. Choose Edit. TAB an AutoCAD drawing.2 1 . .g.286 - . 5. Microsoft Word) 2 . PRINT SCREEN on the keyboard. to the Window’s program. Open 3 . Paste.
Open 4 . Microsoft Excel) a spreadsheet to bring into AutoCAD. Choose 5 . 1 .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial OLE Linking to AutoCAD 33. a location in the drawing to place the OLE object. OLE Object. When you edit a linked object in AutoCAD. When you edit the object in the source file. Pick an AutoCAD drawing. Create a Windows program to link from (e. . browse to pick a file to link to AutoCAD. 3 . Launch 2 . the linked object in AutoCAD changes.3 A linked object remains associated with its source file.287 - .g. the source file changes. Insert. Choose 6.
288 - . Double Click to edit that object in the original program. Turn off or freeze a layer to suppress the display of OLE objects on that layer. • • .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 7 . model space. Set the system variable OLEHIDE to display or suppress the display of all OLE objects in paper space. reduce the font size. OLE objects are inserted in an AutoCAD drawing on the current layer. TIPS: • Spreadsheets that are imported into AutoCAD drawings with OLE are limited in size. or paste the spreadsheet in separate parts to break the OLE object into smaller OLE objects. you can reduce the column width and row height. or both. If your spreadsheet is too large.
Select the object to hyperlink Select objects: 1 found 5 . . Hyperlink or 2 . Choose Insert. Type HYPE RLINK at the command prompt Command: hyperlink 4 .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Hyperlinking 33.4 1 . Choose an option in the hyperlink dialog box. Press CTRL + K or 3 .289 - .
Choose 4 . Move the cursor to the object with the hyperlink. Open . Click 3 . the file from the menu. Hyperlink from the menu. with your right mouse button.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Opening a Hyperlink 33.4 1. 2 .290 - .
291 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 34 Communication and Collaboration Tools .
the dropdown list for Plotter Configuration. 2. no original data is sacrificed to reduce the size of the file. JPG. • • DWF format does not compress the drawing file. 4. Command: plot the Plot Device TAB. or PNG file. JPEG format uses lossy compression. • .1 Plotting to the WEB 1.DWF. to a . some data is deliberately discarded to greatly reduce the size of the compressed file. PNG (Portable Network Graphics) format uses lossless compression.292 - . that is. 3. that is. Type Choose Choose Plot PLOT at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 34.
Choose 4 . Command: plot the DWF plot configuration option. Choose 3 . Custom Properties…..2 Configuring DWF Files 1 . Choose 5 .293 - .. . the Properties. the slider bar to extreme for a clearer resolution on the DWF file.button. Slide PLOT at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 34. Type 2 .
3. Choose the Publish to WEB icon from the Standard Toolbar. Command: publish . or 2. Publish PUBLISH at the command prompt.294 - . Choose Type File.3 Publish Command 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 34.
(NOTE: Save the WEB pages to C:\TEMP) .295 - . or PUBLISHTOWEB at the command prompt. Click Create New Web Page and Next. Choose Type File. Command: PUBLISHTOWEB 3.4 Publishing WEB Pages 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 34. location and description for the new WEB page and click Next. Specify a name for the WEB page . 4. 2. Publish to WEB.
296 - . you can pick DWF files to view. Select Array of ThumbNails as the Template type and click Next. 5. This will allow you to zoom and pan the drawings. Select PNG as the image type for the drawings and Image Size “Medium” and click Next. .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 4. NOTE: If you have the Express Viewer loaded.
7. Select Enable i-drop and Click Next .297 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 6. Select a Theme (color) and click Next .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 8. . 9.298 - . Select drawings and/or layouts to place on the WEB page. Click Regenerate all images and Next.
299 - . Click Preview and Finish. .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 10.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 34.ZIP (PKZIP or WINZIP is needed to extract files) . Type ETRANSIT at the command prompt.EXE (files are self extracti ng) .300 - .4 e-Transmit 1 . Command:etransmit e-Transmit options .
6 i-Drop i-drop allows users to drag a drawing from an i-drop handle on an i-drop supported WEB site to an open AutoCAD drawing.autodesk. . Choose the i-drop option when publishing to the WEB to create an i-drop enabled WEB page. 1 .com/idrop to learn more about Autodesk’s i-drop technology. Type http://www.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 34.301 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 35 AutoCAD WEB Viewers .302 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AutoCAD DWF Viewer 35. the site for information or to download a free copy of the DWF Viewer. 3. Launch Type Click Browse Your WEB Browser. 2.303 - .autodesk. . 4.com/products on Autodesk DWF View from the list of Autodesk products.1 1. http://www.
3.autodesk.com/products/ Volo View to learn more about the Volo View application.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Volo View 35. Launch Go to Click Your WEB Browser. .2 1. http://www.304 - . 2.
305 - .3 1. http://www.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial CAD Viewer 35.cadviewer.com/ . 2. Launch Go to Your WEB Browser.
to C:\TEMP and open a . File.DWF file to view. . Open.5 1. Launch Choose Browse Internet Explorer 5.306 - . 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Internet Explorer 35.0 or later. 3.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AutoCAD Related WEB Sites 35.cadsoftware.caddepot.com/ http://www.307 - . 2.com/ http://www.com http://www. Search for AutoCAD related topics on the Internet on an Internet search engine http://www.cadalog.3dcafe.com http://www.com/ http://www. or 3. Launch Click Internet Explorer.com/ http://www.cadalyst. on one of the following WEB sites.6 1.com/ .caddigest.mcneel.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 36 Customization .308 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Menu Loading 36. Command: Menu 2.1 1.309 - . Choose a menu (mnu) file to load. Type MENU at the command prompt. .
Type new menu.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Creating New Menu Files 36. ACAD.MNU to a new file name such as MENU at the command prompt to load the Command: MENU .2 1. Copy MYACAD.310 - .mnu 2.
Choose Tools. 4. Command: MENULOAD 3. . Customize. Menus… or 2.3 1. Choose Choose the Menu Bar Tab. Add or Remove to modify the appearance of the Pulldown menu.311 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Menuload 36. Type MENULOAD at the command prompt.
Choose Type Click the New. OK.. Toolbars. 2. .. the name of the new toolbar.. Choose Type View.4 Create New Toolbars 1. or TBCONFIG or TOOLBAR at the command prompt. 5.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Customizing Toolbars 36.. 4.button. Command: TBCONFIG or TOOLBAR 3.312 - .
TAB. . Choose Close to close the Customize dialog box. 7. TIP: To copy a tool from another toolbar.. Drag commands from each menu and drop onto your toolbar. 8. press and drag the tool to the new toolbar.. Choose the Commands.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 6.313 - .
. 3. Toolbars. . Drag a user defined button to your toolbox. 2.5 1. 4. the Commands.. User Defined from the Categories section. 6.from the Button Properties window.TAB.314 - . The Button Properties dialog box will appear.... Choose Choose Click View. Choose Edit. 5. Double Click the new button.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial User Defined Buttons 36..
the Button Editor (save if necessary). 10.315 - . Draw Close Press the desired symbol by using the draw tools. Apply. the Toolbars window. 8. . Close 11.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 7. 9. Close the button properties window by selecting the X in the upper right corner.
6 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Macros 36. 2. Macro that inserts a block called chair TIPS: • Use ^C ^C to cancel any previous AutoCAD command • apostrophe (‘) will issue a transparent command • Use a semicolon (. . the macro command in the macro window. Click Type Your right mouse button on the button you wish to modify or create.) to separate a series of commands • a dash (-) will issue the command without a dialog box.316 - .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Characters Used in Macros 36. place a backslash (\) at the point where you want input.317 - \ Accel _ that + . blank space between command sequences in a menu item is equivalent to pressing the SPACEBAR Pauses for user input (cannot be used in the erators section) Translates AutoCAD commands and keywords follow Continues menu macro to the next line (if last character) .7 Pausing for User Input Example To accept input from the keyboard or the pointing device in the middle of a menu macro. ^M ^I SPACEBAR Issues ENTER Issues ENTER Issues TAB Enters a space. .
or shortcut menu Prefix for a repeating item Special character code that loads a menu section introduces a conditional DIESEL macro ($M=) ^B ^C ^D the ^E ^G ^H ^O ^P ^Q Toggles Snap on or off (CTRL+B) Cancels command (ESC) Toggles Coords on or off (CTRL+D) SPACEBAR at end of a menu item Sets the next isometric plane (CTRL+E) Toggles Grid on or off (CTRL+G) Issues backspace Toggles Ortho on or off (CTRL+O) Toggles MENUECHO on or off Echoes all prompts.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial =* *^C^C $ or expression Displays the current top level image. pull-down. and input to the printer (CTRL+Q) ^T ^V ^Z of Toggles tablet on or off (CTRL+T) Changes current viewport (CTRL+V) Null character that suppresses the automatic addition . status listings.318 - .
mnu) file in a text editor.8 1. the desired menu. MENU at the AutoCAD command prompt to and use the menu in AutoCAD/ 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Menus in Word 36. 2.319 - . Type compile . Open Change a menu (.
325 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 38 Slide Shows .
Command: MSLIDE 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Creating Slides 38. . Type MSLIDE at the command prompt.326 - . Type the name of the slide file (and location).1 MSlide Command 1.
. Type VSLIDEat the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Viewing Slides 38.327 - .2 1. Command: VSLIDE 2. Pick the name of the slide file (and location).
create a series of commands to execute in AutoCAD.3 Scripts In a W ord Processor.SCR. Save the script file with an extension called . Type DELAY at the command prompt.328 - . Pausing a Slide 1. Command: DELAY Enter delay time (in milliseconds): 3000 NOTE: 3000 milliseconds is 3 seconds .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Slideshows 38.
Type RSCRIPT at the command prompt. Command: RSCRIPT This will repeat the script command lines continuously. 2. Repeating a Script 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Running a Script in AutoCAD 1.329 - . . Type Pick SCRIPT at the command prompt. Command: SCRIPT the script name to run.
330 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 39 CAD Standards .
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 39.DWS) Files Standards define a set of common properties for named objects such as layers and text styles. AIALayersSampleDrawing. where many individuals contribute to the standards. 4. and audit standards in AutoCAD drawings to enforce consistency. 1.DW S as the file type to save. apply. You or your CAD manager can create. standards are particularly useful in collaborative environments. Open Type Choose Save a drawing with standards defined (i. Command: saveas . Because standards make it easier for others to interpret drawings.dwg) SAVEAS at the command prompt. 3. . 2.331 - .1 Drawing Standards (.e. the drawing standard file.
332 - . Checkstandads. 5. CAD Standards. or STANDARDS at the command prompt. 2. or CHECKSTANDARDS at the command prompt.. 3.DWS file.. . HBH-G.2 CAD Standards Manager 1.. Command: checkstandards 8.dwg) the CAD standards AIALayer.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 39. 7.e. 6.dws) 4. Open Load Choose Type a drawing to check its standards (i. Configure. Choose the fix button to make changes to the existing drawing.. Choose Type Choose Tools. Command: standards Add standards button to add a standards file (aialayer.
DW G or . Layer Translator.to load standards from a . 4. Type LAYTRANS at the command prompt. the layers in the current drawing to the layers in the .DW G file.. CAD Standards.3 Layer Translator 1.333 - . .DW S file. Load. Command: laytrans or 2. 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 39.. Choose Choose Match Tools.DW S or .
multiple drawings to check.e. aialayers. Load Start. Compare to an existing standards file (i.334 - . 3. 1. Programs. AutoCAD 2000x.dws). . Choose 2. Batch Standards Checker.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 39.4 Batch Standards Checker Performs batch checking on multiple drawings outside of AutoCAD’s drawing editor.
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 4.335 - . Save the standards audit as a file (.chx) .
. TIPS: Markups range from hyperlinks to simple boxes and circles.. a markup language file to insert. .5 Redline Markup Language 1. Choose Pick Insert. 2.336 - . Markup. Created in programs such as VoloView A new “MARKUP” layer is created in the current drawing.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 39.
337 - . Click the Revcloud icon from the draw menu.6 Revision Cloud 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 39..5000 Specify start point or [Arc length/Object] <Object>: Guide crosshairs along cloud path. Revcloud or 2. or 3. Choose Draw.5000 Maximum arc length: 0.. Type REVCLOUD at the command prompt. Revision cloud finished. . Command: revcloud Minimum arc length: 0.
This area is bounded by the wipeout frame. Type WIPEOUT at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 39. 1.338 - . Choose Draw.8 Wipeout Creates a polygonal area that masks underlying objects with the current background color. Wipeout or 2. Command: _wipeout Specify first point or [Frames/Polyline] <Polyline>: Select a closed polyline: . You can turn on the wipeout frame for editing and turn it off for plotting.
339 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 40 Isometrics .
.. Command: DDRMODES 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Isometric Cursor 40. Drawing Aids.1 1. . Toggle Isometric Snap/Grid to ON. Choose Tools.340 - . Type DDRMODES at the command prompt. or 2.
341 - . Press Function Key F5 to toggle <Isoplane Top> <Isoplane Left> <Isoplane Right> or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Isoplane Toggle 40.2 1. Press CTRL + E to toggle isoplanes. .
3 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Isometric Circles 40. Command: ELLIPSE or EL Arc/Center/Isocircle/<Axis endpoint 1>: I Center of circle: <Isoplane Top> <Circle radius>/Diameter: . Type ELLIPSE at the command prompt.342 - .
Type Zero(0) for the text height Height <0>0 5. Type STYLE at the command prompt Command:STYLE 2.shx 4. Press ENTER to end the text command .343 - . Type 30 for the rotation angle Rotation angle:30 11.85 for the character width factor Width factor: . and Vertical DTEXT at the command prompt Command:DTEXT 9. Upside Down. Pick A start point Justify/Style/<Start point>: pick 10.85 6. Type 30 degrees for an obliquing angle Obliquing Angle: 30 7. Type .4 1. Type Type NO to Backwards. Pick A font file Font file: Romans. Type RISO as a style name Text style name (or ?) RISO 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Isometric Text 40. Type A string of text Text:(text string) 12. 8.
85 .85 Oblique Angle -30 30 30 Rotation Angle -30 30 -30 .85 .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Style Left ISO Right ISO Top ISO Width Factor .344 - .
2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Isometric Dimensions 40.345 - . Type Type DIMALIGNED to place an aligned dimension in isometrics DIMEDIT oblique the angle of the dimension line and rotate the text.5 1. Oblique Angle = -30 Rotated Text = 30 .
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