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# Title: Three-Way Tug of War Grade Level: 5th Time: 30 minutes Essential Standards: 5.C&G.1.

2Summarize the organizational structures and powers of the United States government (legislative, judicial and executive branches of government). Integrated Curriculum Standards: Science 5.P.1Understand force, motion and the relationship between them. 5.P.1.4Predict the effect of a given force or a change in mass on the motion of an object. Math 5.G.3Understand that attributes belonging to a category of two-dimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. English Language Arts 5.W.1Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information. 5.W.10Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences. Objectives: Students will. Identify the characteristics of an equilateral triangle Identify the necessary conditions to balance a scale Model separation of powers through a tug of war demonstration Reflect on the structure of the United States Government based on the symbols balanced weight, equal force, and an equilateral triangle Materials: Long, sturdy rope Colored Tape Felt equilateral triangle Felt representations of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government Balance Objects of varying weights Procedures: Before: Ask the students what they know about the government structure of the United States. Who is part of the government? What do they do? Pull out the balance scale and several different weights. Put a weight on one side of the balance and ask the students, is this a balanced scale? How can I balance the