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Name

ACTIVITY
1

FITTING A MODEL TO DATA Use with Lesson 2-7.

video cassette recorder with slow motion, and television; meter stick, ball, stopwatch Group Size: Partners

Materials: 4 -grid paper; optional materials: Strobe equipment or video camera,

Strobe pictures are pictures of the same object taken at equal time intervals. When the object is moving, the strobe pictures capture the path of the object. The diagram at the right shows 10 strobe pictures taken 1 every 20 of a second during an experiment in which a ball was dropped from a height of about 1 meter. The dots represent the ball at each instant a picture was taken. If your science department has the equipment to make strobe pictures, duplicate the experiment described above. Alternately, if you have access to good video equipment, tape the experiment. Play the tape back on slow motion, and make a second tape of the playback. When you play this second tape on slow motion, it should show the ball moving slowly enough to record times and distances. (You will need to time and tape a longer activity and time it after the two slow motions to determine the real time during the experiment.) 1. Estimate the total distance the ball has fallen after each time period. If you use the diagram at the right, complete the table below. If you conduct your own experiment, make a similar table showing the approximate time intervals.
Time t (sec) Distance d (m) 0 0
1 20 2 20 3 20 4 20 5 20 6 20 7 20

0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0
8 20

Position of the ball 0 sec


3 20

sec

5 20

sec

8 20

sec

Floor
9 20 10 20

.01

.2

2. Graph the points (t, d). 3. Which of the following equations is a good model for your graph? (a) d kt (b) d kt2 (c) d k t 4. Find the constant k for your model.

k (d) d t2

5. Use your model to estimate the distance the ball would have traveled in 1 second if it had been dropped from a greater height.

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UCSMP Advanced Algebra Scott, Foresman and Company