GUIDED BY: SREEJITH P Asst. Professor Dept.
of Mechanical engg
PRESENTED BY ABIN A KUMAR ROLL N0-03 ME-S7
Introduction. Construction. Parts of Aqua silencer. Working principle. Effects of dissolved gases on water. Methods to control water pollution. Lime water wash method. Limitations of lime water wash method. Absorption process. Advantages of absorption process. Conclusion. References.
The main pollutants contribute by automobiles are (CO). industrial and domestic fuel consumption . industrial processing. Other sources such as electric power generating stations.. (Nox) and Lead etc. it is mainly dealing with control of emission and noise
. refuse burning. An aqua silencer is an attempt in this direction.
Wire Mesh 6. Filler Plug 3. Drain Plug
. Charcoal Layer 4. Mountings 2.1. Perforated Tube 5.
Around the circumference of the perforated tube a layer of activated charcoal is provided and further a metallic mesh covers it.
Basically an aqua silencer consists of a perforated tube which is installed at the end of the exhaust pipe.
A small opening is at the top of the container to remove the exhaust gases & a drain plug is provided at the bottom of the container for periodically cleaning of container. Also a filler plug is mounted at the top of the container.
. water container.
the perforated tube converts high mass bubbles in to low mass bubbles After passing over the charcoal layer some of the gases may dissolved in to the water and finally the exhaust gases escape through the opening in to the atmosphere
As the exhaust gases enter into the Aqua silencer.
When these gases dissolved in water they form acids.The water is a good absorbing medium. carbonates. bicarbonates etc. Action of dissolved SO2 Action of dissolved CO2 Effect of dissolved NOx
. In aqua silencer the gases are made to be dissolved in water..
it forms Hydrogen Sulphide which causes foul rotten egg smell. SO4. H2SO3. sulfuricAcid (H2SO3. acidify and corrosion of metals.
.e. i.Action of dissolved SO2
It form SO3. H2SO4.).
Effect of dissolved NOx
Under goes Oxidation to form ammonia. Nitrite. Nitric acid. This synthesis of protein and amino acids is effected by Nitrogen. Nitrate.
The form a scale in pipes and boilers.Action of dissolved CO2
Forms bicarbonate at lower PH and Carbonates at higher PH.
. Lime water wash method.
• The water is treated with the calculated quantities of slaked lime. • Lime can neutralize any acid present in the water.
.. • The precipitates dissolved carbon dioxide as calcium carbonate and converts bicarbonate ions into carbonates.
CaSo4 + 2H20 Precipitates carbonate as calcium carbonate CO2 + Ca(OH)2........... .... ......... .... .CaCO3+2H2O
.Ca(OH)2 + SO2. CaSO3 + H2o Neutralizes any acid present in water 2HCL + Ca(OH)2.....Cacl2 + 2H2 H2SO4 + Ca (OH)2..
... CaCO3 + H20 + Na2 CO3
.........Precipitates bicarbonate as calcium carbonate Ca(HCO3)2 + 2Ca (OH)2. KHCO3 etc........) into carbonates . NaHCO3 + Ca(OH)2.. 2CaCO3 + 2H20
Converts bicarbonate ions (Like NaHCO3.
LIMITATIONS OF LIME WATER WASH METHOD
Amount of neutralization capacity is limited It is very difficult to handle form are formed Lime in any form is difficult to handle
usually in the powdered form is added to the water either before or after the coagulation with sedimentation.
. As it is highly porous and possess free valencies.
The activated carbon.ABSORPTION PROCESS
Activated charcoal is used.
The excessive dose of activated carbon is not harmful. It increases the coagulation power of the process. It has excellent properties of attracting gases.
. The efficiency of removing color. odour and taste is quite high. The treatment process is very simple and it requires nearly no skill.
ADVANTAGES OF AQUA SILENCER
• Efficiency of the vehicle is increased.
• Less pollution. • Fuel consumption is less when compared to ordinary vehicle.
• Additional space is required to install this arrangement in vehicles.
• Additional cost is required.
• All diesel and petrol engines.
• Automobile applications.
It is more effective in the reduction of emission gases from the engine
exhaust using perforated tube and charcoal
By using perforated tube the fuel consumption remains same as conventional system.
By using water as a medium the sound can be lowered and also by using activated charcoal in water we can control the exhaust emission to a greater level It is smokeless and pollution free emission and also it is very cheap.
Jain & Jain
• United states residue patent –exhaust gas purification system of internal combustion engine
.M. Sharma . P. L. Chemistry . • Environmental Pollution Analysis . Mathur R.REFERENCE
• Internal Combustion of Engines .Khopkar • Engg.
Thank You !!!!