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THE WELDING INSTITUTE

Welding Inspection, Steels WIS 5


Multi Choice Question Paper (MSR-WI-4)
Name: . Answer all questions 1. Degreasing components are essential for quality welding but when welded some agent may: a. Cause corrosion problems. b. c. d. Leave residues Give off toxic gases. All of the above.

2.

Cellulose electrodes are often used for the deposition of a root pass on pipes welded in the field. This is because? a. b. c. d. Hydrogen control is required. The high deposition rate due to the iron powder content. The hydrogen gas produced in the flux increases the arc voltage. All of the above.

3.

In the welding of austenitic stainless steels, the electrode and plate materials are often specified to be low carbon content. The reason for this: a. b. c. d. To prevent the formation of cracks in the HAZ. To prevent the formation of chromium carbides To prevent cracking in the weld. Minimise distortion.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-WI-4 issue 4 Date: 17/02/05

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4.

With regards to a welding procedure, an essential variable may: a. b. c. d. Change the properties of the weld. Influence the visual acceptance. Require re-approval of a weld procedure. All of the above

5.

Which of the following NDT methods can only detect surface breaking defects? a. b. c. d. e. MPI DPI. UT RT. Both a and b.

6. Which of the following defects would show up as light indications on a radiograph? a. b. c. d. Slag inclusions and copper inclusion. Tungsten inclusions and excessive root penetration. Cap undercut and root piping. Excessive cap height and incomplete root penetration

7.

Which of the following additions may be added to an electrodes flux to act as a stabilizer? a. b. c. d. Sodium silicate Silicon Manganese Titanium dioxide.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-WI-4 issue 4 Date: 17/02/05

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8.

Lamellar tearing is best prevented by: a. b. c. d. e. The use of plate materials containing low levels of impurities. The use of buttering runs. Post weld stress relief. Both a and b. All of the above.

9.

When considering radiography using X-ray, which of the following techniques is most likely to be used for a pipe to pipe weld (circumferential seam), 610mm diameter with no internal access? a. b. c. d. SWSI. DWSI. DWDI. SWSI-panoramic.

10.

A balanced welding technique for example back step welding is most often used for: a. b. c. d. Controlling lamellar tearing. Increasing weld toughness. Reducing weld zone hardness. Reducing distortion.

11.

Basic coated electrodes have which of the following properties. a. b. c. d. High mechanical properties may be used to produce welds of high deposition rates and to produce welds of low hydrogen content. Friable slag, high mechanical strength, and to produce welds of a low hydrogen content. Low hydrogen content welds, good stop/start properties and high strength. Low carbon content welds, friable slag and high strength.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-WI-4 issue 4 Date: 17/02/05

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12.

On a radiograph, the most likely appearance of lack of root fusion on a singleV butt weld is: a. b. c. d. A dark straight line with a light root. A dark root with straight edges. A dark uneven line following the edge of the root None of the above lack of root fusion can not be seen on a radiograph.

13.

Which of the following applies to the heat treatment process of tempering a. b. c. d. It is always carried out at a temperature above upper critical limit. It is carried out to increase the strength and toughness of weldments. Tempering is generally carried out before quench hardening. None of the above

14.

Which of the following is applicable to a plate lamination a. b. c. d. They are best detected by radiography. They are mainly caused by hydrogen entrapment. They originate in the parent material. They are caused when welding stresses act parallel with the rolled direction of the parent plate.

15.

Which of the following NDT methods would be the least effective on an austenitic stainless steel butt weld. a. b. c. d. UT. RT. DPI. MPI.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-WI-4 issue 4 Date: 17/02/05

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16.

The hardest part of a multi-pass welded joint, assuming no post weld heat treatment has have taken place is: a. b. c. d. The HAZ of the cap. The HAZ of the root. The root. The cap.

17.

Is it permissible to allow a multi-pass butt weld to cool down between weld passes? a. b. c. d. It should be up to the welding inspector. No the weld must be kept hot at all times. It depends on the welder It depends on the specification requirements.

18.

A tee joint on a support bracket is to be welded both sides using a 5 mm leg length fillet weld, each weld is to be intermittent 50 mm in total length, the gap between each weld is to be 25 mm. Which of the following is the correct symbol in accordance with ISO 2553?
5 5 x 50 (25) 5 x 50 (25) 5 5 50 (25) 50 (25)

a.

b.

c.

5 5

25 (50) 25 (50)

d.

5 x 50 (25) 5 x 50 (25)

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-WI-4 issue 4 Date: 17/02/05

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19.

The usual method of assessing the sensitivity and density of a radiograph is by means of: a. b. c. d. Densitometer and dosimeter. Penetrameter and a densitometer. IQI and a dosimeter. IQI and a fluxmeter.

20.

In the submerged arc welding process, the use of excessive high voltages would result in? a. b. c. d. Insufficient flux melting. Excessive flux melting Slag removal difficulties. Excessive spatter.

21.

Welding a steel plate with a CE of 0.45 would require preheating to? a. b. c. d. Prevent the formation of sulphides. Prevent hardening in the HAZ. Prevent the formation of carbides. To reduce the amount of current required.

22.

Which of the following welding process uses a resistive heating system to achieve weld metal deposition? a. b. c. d. MMA Resistant spot welding. Electro-slag. Friction welding.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-WI-4 issue 4 Date: 17/02/05

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23.

What does the 70 represent on an E70 10 AWS A5.1 classified electrode? a. b. c. d. 70 N/mm2 minimum UTS. 70 joules minimum impact strength. 70,000 p.s.i. Minimum yield strength. 70,000 psi minimum UTS.

24.

Hot cracking in steel weldments occurs: a. b. c. d. Along the fusion line. In the last metal to solidify. Weld centre line In areas of the lowest dilution.

25.

Cellulose electrodes have which of the following properties? a. Viscous slag, large volumes of shielding gas and UTS values above 90,000 psi. b. Large volumes of shielding gas, high spatter contents and hydrogen levels < 15 ml per 100g of weld metal deposited c. Large volumes of shielding gas, hydrogen contents > 15 ml per 100g of weld metal deposited and should be never baked. d. High spatter contents, high deposition and large volumes of gas shield.

26.

From the following electrode coding in BS EN 499, E50 3 1Ni B 140 0 1 H5 , what does the 3 represent a. b. c. d. A minimum charpy value of a 30 joules. A minimum impact value of 47 Joules. A minimum impact temperature of 30oC at a given Joule value. None of the above.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-WI-4 issue 4 Date: 17/02/05

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27.

Which of the following is applicable to electrode efficiency? a. b. c. d. e. The mass of metal deposited as a percentage of the mass of core wire melted. Iron powder electrodes have efficiencies above 100%. Electrodes of high efficiencies tend to produce welds of a smooth flat profile. Both a and b. All of the above.

28.

A Fatigue cracks fracture surface is: a. b. c. d. Rough randomly torn. Smooth. Step like appearance. Bright crystalline.

29.

E6013 electrode would most probably used for welding: a. b. c. d. Low pressure pipework. High-pressure pipework. Vertical down welding on storage tanks. In a situation where low hydrogen welds are specified.

30.

Which element in steel if present in significant amounts may lead to hot shortness? a. b. c. d. Phosphorus. Manganese. Silicon. Sulphur.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-WI-4 issue 4 Date: 17/02/05

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