Your Handspinnina Community
NU M B E R 1
SPRI N G 2006
Behind the Scenes: At the Merlin Tree by Laura Silverman
Of Sheep and Shipwrecks by Kale Langan
Teaching the Craft by Randy Chelsey
Fiber Basics: Coopworth
by Carol H. Rhaades
Handspun Gallery of Shawl s
When the Wheel Speaks
by Angela Butera Dickson
Spinning Basics: Plying
P R O ~ C T S
Chained Singles by Dadie Rush
Spinning Sock Yarns
by Merike Saamiit
ASpinner's Cast-On
by Rebecca Harmon
Park City Poncho
by Carolyn Greenwood
AStudy in Zi gby Amy Tyler
Mother Nature's Footstool

by Pal Davis
Coopworth Lap Rug
by Carol H. Rhaades
page 44
Editor's Page
Abbreviations and Glossary
What's Going On Here?
Spinner's Connection
by Marilyn Murphy
by Peg Caffey
page 54
As the Whorl Spins
by Amanda Berka
Product News by Vicki Yast
ON THE COVER: Amy Tyler created six scarves
using energized singles as the unifying design
Classified Ads
element, page 58.
Your Yarn! Charkha-Spun
Advertisers' Index
Editor's Page
r"u, H'ndspinn inll Cnmm"nil l'
\'OLrr-1E x x x
SPRING 2()()fi
While I didn't participate in the Knitting
Olympics, I did spin and knit a onesie for
my daughter, Hannah. The instructions
are on our website, www.interweave.(om
f spi nf projecIs_arlieles.asp.
Ann Sabin Swanson
EDITOR Amy Clarke Moore
EDITOR Bobbie lrv....in
EDITORS EME RITAE Anne Bliss, Lee Raven,
Deborah Robson
For edit ori al inquiries , call (970) 613· 4650 ,
e-mail spinoff@interweave.com.
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visi t th e website at www.interweave.com.
For advertisi ng in formation, call Vick i Yost at (970 )
e-rnail Vickiycointerweave.com. or visit t he
website at ""..........unte rweave.com.
PUBLISHER Marilyn Murphy
M,\RKETl :-lG M,\NAGER Annie Bakken
c me UU\Tl ON IJlRECTOR 'Irish Carter
Spin -Off (ISSN 0198-8239) is publis hed quarterly
(March. June, Septe mber. and December ) by Interweave
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paid at Loveland. CO 80538 and additional mailing
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reserved. Project s and informatio n are for inspirat ion
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I've had a chance to watch a little of the
Olympi cs, I feel unit ed, not j ust wit h
the millions of peopl e watching the
Olympi cs, but wit h fiberists around the
world who have challenged themselves
to foll ow the Olympic spirit.
Two of this issue's contributors, Dodie
Rush and Carol Rhoades, are parti cipat-
ing. Dodi e, along wit h the sp inn ing
offshoot of the Phil ad elphi a Guild
of Handweavers, is
part icipat ing by spi n-
ning a two-pl y yarn
(19 wraps pe r inch)
from a Merino/Tencel
blend. Carol is wo rk-
ing on a millspun Fair
Isl e baby sweater and
challe nged herself to
knit only in the Conti-
nental style. I'm look-
ing forward t o seeing
and hearing about
what they, and every-
one else , ac hieve as a
What really inspires
me about thi s call t o
act ion is that knitters
of all skill levels are in-
vited to parti ci pate-
the idea is to challenge
oneself. Working agains t a deadline for
spinning and knitting projects isn't a new
idea-if you stop to think about it, we do
it all the time: the baby blanket for the
newborn, the ves t you want t o wear to
Convergence, t he carefully handcraft ed
gifts you make during the holidays. What
makes thi s challenge truly beautiful is
the ali gnment wit h the winte r Olymp ics
and t he athletes who have dedicated their
lives t o being the best that they can be
in a way t hat crosses boundari es-
boundaries that are ofte n so-so-well,
divisive. Here we have an opportunity to
enjoy these at hletes doing what they do
1 See the Spri ng 2004 issue of Spin·Off. page 120,
and t he Summer 2004 issue, pages 38-40.
' m writ ing t his at the end of Febru-
ary, and, while outside our Colorado
spring weathe r is t inged with winte r,
inside there is the war mt h of camara-
deri e; I feel a se nse of fell owship fr om
the call to act ion issued by Stephanie
Pearl-McPhee-the Knitting Olympi cs.
Stephan ie is also known as the Yarn
Harl ot (www.yarnharlot. ca/blog/) . You
may remember her fr om the articl es
she wrote for Spin-Off'
or, if you' re online,
you've probabl y run
across the blog in
which she capt ivates
her audience with hi-
lar ious acco unts of
her knitting and spin-
ning obsessions. I had
t o resist the u rge t o
part icipat e because
Stephani e's challenge
started with the open-
ing ceremo nies of the
Winter Olympics (you
had to cast on by Feb-
ruary 10 at 2 p.m.)
and ends wit h the
closing ceremonies.
This directly coincides
with the final weeks of
making the Spri ng
issue of Spin'Off-and 1 fi gured you'd
prefer a magazine rather than an image
on my blog of a finished project. Call me
crazy, but t he re it is.
Even though I wasn' t one of the 4,000
knitters to participate (Yes- 4,000! And
those a re j ust the folks who notifi ed
Stephan ie about their plans t o parti ci-
pate; many more are simply doing it on
their own), I was keeping an eye on my
cl ock at 2 p.m. on Friday February 10,
thinking about eve ryo ne with their
needles poised for acti on. And every time
Have a question about your
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answer. Visit our website, e-mail,
call , or fax your question and we'll
be happy to assist you.
Go to www.interweave.com and click
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MoClels anCl ProP. li:Is__..1
You have probably noticed that Spin-Dff
draws models from among our colleagues,
friends, and families-and this issue was no
exception. Amanda Berka (page 60) is
Spin' Oil's assistant editor, and Hannah
Rose Moore (page 45) is my daughter.
On page 30, Dodie Rush is spinning on a
Little Grace Special . made by Mike and
Maggie Keeves, of Nelson, New Zealand.
The inch gauge on page 47 was made by
Rod Stevens of Taos, New Mexico. The
Emily spindle on page 67 (and on page
58) was made by Adam Mielke of Rudolph,
Wisconsin. The light tan spindle on page
58 was made by Magpie Woodworks of
Grand Junction, Colorado. Kaye Collins of
Fort Collins, Colorado, graciously loaned
the Rick Reeves wheel on page 80 for the
photo shoot.
.... ... ! ......
From the Classified ads, page 119 of the
Winter 2005 issue, the correct number for
Willow Creek Alpacas is (800) 323-1918.
best. while we enjoy what we do best.
And, sure, th ere is a healthy dose of
competition in the Olympi cs, but there
is also a lot of coming together.
Stephanie is the perfect person to make
all of thi s happen, because she already
has a knack for helping fiberists come
together through her bl og.
I'm looking forward to meeting
Stephanie in person thi s fall-she is
going to be a guest speaker at Spin-Off
Autumn Retreat (SOAR) 2006 in Tahoe
City, California (see page 88). I'm hoping
to hear about her Olympic experience
firsthand, and maybe I'll find out more
about the squirrel that kept stealing her
fl eece from the backyard. In light of all
this, we thought we'd tryout a blog for
SOAR-we'll have a link on our webpage
soon, www.int erweave.corn/spin.
Happy Spinning!
AmyClarke Moore, editor. Spi'l;Pff
What the spinners are saying
The Woo/ee Winder is the best thing I've ever
bought!! 1absolutely love mine. -Donna
It works great' I wish I would have bought one a
long time ago! - Elfen
It is worth every single penny - and the service
is awesome. -Anna
The Woo/ee Winders really spol1 a spinner!
- Robin
, am totally amazed! I have cB1pal tunnel in both
hands .. .the pinch-loops were just torture. .. You
have eliminated my pain. -Kathy
It works beautifully and I can't beJieve howmuch
rime it saves! - Amanda
What a wonderful invention! I am so amazed at
the simplicity and the smooth operation.
- Carolyn
The WooLee Winder is the greatest invention
since the wheel! - VIP Fibers
, think it's worth its weight in gold. -LiSS8
, am hooked. . . on the lack of hooks, that is.
- Caroiyn
100% Satisfaction Guaranteed
Designs by Robert Lee & Son
PO Box 941 • Oregon City OR 97045
(503) 810- 1388
S P R ! r-;C 200 6 1 S P I N · O F f I 3
All t he Inte rweave News t hat' s fit to print

Interweave Press, LLC
201 East Fourth Street
Loveland, Colorado80537-5655
(970) 669· 7672
Visit our website

Linda Ligon
CEO Clay B. Ilall
PRESIDENT, coo Marilyn Murphy
ere Dianne Gates
An Aspire Media Company
Interweave Knits
Linda Stark
Suzanne DeAtley
VOLrM E x x x
SPRI N G z uos
For the work ofyour hands,
the fabr ic ofyour life
I ndependent Publishers
Since 1975
PUBLI SHER Linda Stark
ART DIRECTOR Paulette Livers
Bruce I1allmark
For Quest ions regarding our book
program, can (970) 669·7672 or e-mai l
bookstainterweave. com.
created, and now they are ready to learn
about the yarn that has been running
through their fingers - and hopefully they
will want to create t heir own yarn. The
next generation of spinners is knocking
at the door and is looking for information,
lessons, supplies, and community. Let's
be ready to teach, share infor mation,
direct them t o resources, and grow our
spinning community. It couldn't be a
better time. We'd love to hear how you
have helped a newspinner join the craft.
on and on. Amanda was quite pleased to
direct them to the vendors on the show
fl oor or to members of the Spinning and
Weaving Association (SWA).
Then last week, at t he Sti tches West
knitting show and market , Amanda
staffed the Interweave Press booth and
spun t hrough t hat show as well. Guess
what? Asimilar thing occurred. Crowds
of all ages formed asking about spinning.
They wanted to know about the tools,
fi bers, techniques, and local guilds.
Knitti ng has been hot for the past few
years. All sorts of new knitters have been
Irene Schmoller of Colton Clouds spins
and chats with TNNA altendees while
volunteering in the SWA booth.
Spinning Draws
Attention and Crowds
Right after the article ran, we attend-
ed The National NeedleArts Associati on
(TNNA) tradeshow in San Diego, Cali-
fo rni a. Spin-Off 's assistant editor,
Amanda Berka, staffed t he Spinning and
Weaving Association's trade booth and
spun on a handspindl e throughout t he
show. Many knitting shop owners stopped
by the booth asking all sorts of questions.
Where does one learn to spin? Where can
I locate supplies for spinning? Where can
I get my mother's wheel repaired? And
Spinning the Next Generation
The New York Times ran an article in
January titled, "The New Spinners: Yarn
Is the Least of It. "! The feature write r
Elizabeth Olson called Interweave to find
out what we know about spinning and
t he market, and you bet we provided as
much data as we could. I asked Elizabeth
what prompted her interest in spinning
and she sai d she had attended the Mary-
land Sheep and Wool Festival and found
it fasc inating. Well, spinning is fasc inat-
ing-you know t hat.
1 http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01l19/fashion
n=3a2bf1 6aa8385acb&ei=5090&partner=rssuser
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S P R I I\C 2006 1 S P I N' O F F l s
As the Wh orl Spins
to search not only by category or key-
word but also by color or by using the
The fi ber co mmunity has certainly
embraced the blog: short for
web log, t hese onli ne journal s
are as personal as those writing
them. Webrings can be used to
link together blogs on the same
topic or those whose owners
have the sa me interests. The
Spinning Wheel is a webring of
nearl y 200 spinni ng-related In-
ternet sites. Ring founder Amie
~ Glasgow of Balti more, Mary-
~ land, notes that while interest
in the r ing has been slow but
steady during it s two years on
the Internet , there has been a
surge of new members in the
last few months. The ring can be
surfed by visit ing Amie's bl og,
RoseByAny.blogspot.com, or any
other sites in the ring. Members
of webrings have c1ickable nav-
igati on available from their sites,
usuall y on a s ide bar. To find
more webrings, visit ringsurf.com.
With all thi s surfi ng online, did you
miss the New York Times arti cle "The
New Spinners: Yarn Is the Least of It" by
Eli zabeth Olson, publi shed on January
19, 2006? Then visi t www.nyt imes.corn
or, for even more links to spinni ng-
related articles appeari ng in newspapers
around the country, visit www.spinweave
.org/learnrnore. htrn.
Shopping isn' t anyt h ing new t o t he
Web, but Etsy, www.etsy.com, offe rs it up
in a new way. Launched in June 2005,
Etsy is sti ll growing and improving its
marketplace exclusively for handmade
goods. Operati ng like ebay's buy-it-now
opt ion, over 5, 000 se llers offer their
wares to nearl y 20,000 members. Where
othe r shoppi ng sites make extensive use
of text-only searchi ng, Etsy allows users
Cyher Insider
of www.worrnspit .com and Ted Myatt of
www.knitterguy.typepad.corn. To list en
to one of her twenty- to thirt y-minute
episodes, visit www.the fi bercast.com.
( Iara Parkes, spinner and editor of KnittersReview.com,
spun this mohair blend she purchased at the 2005 Mary·
land Sheep and Wool Festival. KnittersReview.com added
spinning to their forums in November 2001. In the past
fourteen months there have been 6,702 posts to the spin-
ning forums. On spinning, Clara remarks, "It's a natural
evolution for avid knitters who love yarn-what can be
better than making it yourself?"
odcasts are quickly spreading into
all areas of the Web. These audio
and video fil es are not only avail-
able for downl oa d, but what se ts t hem
apa rt is that they can also be
subscribe d to using your com-
puter to automatically download
various shows. Even Nati onal
Pu blic Radio, www.npr.org, and
the White House, www.white
house.gov, have start ed using
podcast s. Whil e the ir name
would imply that an iPod is nec-
essary t o enjoy them, you can
also listen t o t hem on ot her
portable media players as well as
directl y through the speakers of
your computer. Directories,
such as www.podcastdirecto ry
.com and podcasts.yahoo.corn,
dedi cated to indexing podcasts
can help you navigate the glut
of top ics available.
Caroline Morse of Sandown,
New Hampshire, used t o only
listen t o podcasts. Among her
favorites are Mari e Irshad's
Knit Cast (www.knitcast.corn}, Bre nda
Dayne's Cast -on (www.cast-on.com) . and
SimpleArts Quilting Stash (www.simple
arts .com). Then she realized she could
bring her gift of gab to the informat ion
superhighway with a focus on fi ber. Since
start ing her biweekly episodes in No-
ve mber 2005, Caro line has had total
downloads from nearly 1,200 listeners.
Interviewees have included Michael Cook
6 Is PI N · 0 F F I WWW .INTERWE.\ \.E.C0 1.o1
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For a free colour brochure showing all Ashford products, write t he USA Distribut or: Foxglove Fi berart s Supply, 8040 NEDay
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45slisbon Street
The Squirrel's Nest
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Shuttles Spindles
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Deep Color
(303) 494- 1071 (208) 466-4365
116 North Broa dway St .
450 Colusa Ave.
(800) 28]-4163 sheepshedeablgplanet.com
Georgetown, KY 40370
Studio Three Kensington. CA 94707 lIWiW. shuttlessplndlesandskeins.ccm
(\02) 867-5897
1442 W. Gurley St. (510) 528-8734
(502) 857·2712
Prescott, Al86305
www.deepcolorst uoto.com
Green valle
R (928) 778-0307 Weavers & nillers
LS.H. Creations
studicthreeeaqwest. net
Rug & Yarn Hut
2115 West Colorado Ave.
The Fold 1584 Wetlesley Dr.
350 E. Campbell Ave.
Colorado Spr, CO80904
3316 Millstream Rd.
Lexlngt cn, KY 40513
Ca mpbell, CA 95008
(719) 448- 9963
Marengo, ll 60152 (859) 23'- 0258
Handwerk Haus (888) 354-5544 toll-free
(800) 457-8559
(815) 568-5320
3054 N. First Ave. #8
rucso n. AZ 85719
Mtn. lady Yarns
Table Rock llamas
l'iW'W.handSpinning.ccmI Ihefold
(520) 882·7012
24125 Red Cedar
Fiber Arts Studio
howsptngnaol.com Sugar Pi ne, CA 95383
6520 Shoup Road
little Shop of Fiber
Shearbrooke Farm
(209) 586-7312
Colorado Spri ngs, CO
1289 Rindeer Road.
mtnl adva rns@hotmail.com
Highland, tL62249
400 Saw Rd.
(866) 495-7747
(618) 654-\920
St andi sh, ME 04084
Herndon Creek Farm
tablerockll amasenn sn. ccm
(207) 642-3067
The Weavers' Collage 17600 Morgan Vall ey Rd.
shearbrooke@pivot. net
15559 W. Si erra Hwy. lower lake, CA 95457 D)fs Fibercrafts
Canyon Country, CA91351
(707) 994-4709 106 W. Main St.
Halcyon Yarn
(66, ) 250-9995 WNW. pacttlcslte5.com1- hcfa rm
Fl orence. CO 81226-1422
Crete's Spi nning Hut 12 School St.
(]19) 784-077\
Hullon llamas Bat h, ME 04530
Powell Sheep Co. Alberta Borow dj sf bercra ft s@earttl [ink.nf'l
& Alpacas
(800) 341·0282
1826 Keyes Rd. 11525 Dry Creek Rd.
)199 East 125South
Ramona. CA 92065 Auburn. CA 95602 Fireside Farms
wi namac, IN46996
(760) 789-17\B (530) 823-2433
898 211/2 Rd.
(574) 946-4908
CountrySpun Fi bers
Berni e@quiknet.com
Grand Junct ion, CO81505
Sheep Street Fibers
(970) 858-9288
1731 Redwi ngSt. West Valley Alpacas
125W. Washi ngton St.
The Drafting Zone
San Marcos, CA 92078 19190 Road 878.
Morgantown. IN46160
(760) 744-0306 Esparto, CA95627 CONNECTICUT
(B12) 597-5648
Custom Flber Processlng
(530) 662-8630
W'NW. sheepstreet.com
16513 Sylvan Drive
Denwar Craft Studio www.westvall eyalpacas .com The Wheel Thi ng
Bowie. MD20715
236 E. 16th St. 454 Well s Hi ll s Rd.
(30') 464- \ 738
Costa Mesa, CA 92627 Meridian Road Studio Lakeville. CT06039
Quilts & Yarns
(949) 548-1342 Robi n l ynde (860) 435-2626
63028 U.S. 31South
7811N. Meridi an Rd.
Sout h Bend, IN46614
Village Splnnlng' & vacsvltte, CA 95688
(574) 29'-39,B
Weaving Shop (707) 678-5750
Ewe and Me
425Ali sal Rd.
The Fiber Closet
Solvang, CA 93463 Spin Web Ranch
Uncommon Threads 109 w. High St.
164 Upper Farms Road
Northfiel d. MA01360
(8B8) 68 6-1192 1361 Easy Lane
31962 U.S. 19 North Rockvilte, IN47B72
(80S) 686-1192 El Dorado Hill s, CA 95762
Palm Harbor, Fl34684 (765) 569-2953
(413) 498-4496
www.vill agesplnwea ve.ccm
(9' 6) 939-,864
(727) 784-6778 fibercloset@sbcglobal.net
pe ggvgda nlelsgsva hoo.ccm
nnollettgpgte.net www.fl berclcset.corn
Bare Hill Studios
Ancient Pathways
and Fiber loft
1294 N. Wi shon Rumpelsliltskin
9 Massachusett s Ave.
Fresno, CA 93728 1021 " R" St.
(559) ,64-,874 Sarramanto, CA 95814
Ha rvard. MA 01451
Clay House Rose Tree Fiber Shop
(800) 874-YARN (9276)
(9'6) 442-9225
770 Oglesby Bridge Rd. 2814 West Street
Conyers, GA30094 Ames, lA 50014
(770) 4B3-6884 (slS) 292-7076
Mind.s EyeYarns
22 White St.
Ca mbridge. MA 0214°
(617) 354-7253
The Country Crafter
270 Main St.
Hanson, MA02341
(78d 294-4556
475 Ply mouth St.
Mi ddl eboro. MA 02346
(soB) 946-] 343
Heritage Spinni ng
and Weaving
47 E. Flint .
lake Orlon. MI48362
(24B) 693-3690
www.heritagespinni ng.com
The Lavender Fleece
)826 N. Eastman Rd .
Mi dland. MI 48642
(989) 83 2-4908
la'lenderft eeceg xt raner.net
The Spi nning Loft
2400 Faussett Rd.
Hcwetl. MI 48843
(517) 546-5280
www.splnningloft .us
Lady Peddler
142 E. State St.
Hasti ngs. MI49058
(616) 948-9644
ladyp@i serv.net
Delta's Spi ndle
2592 Geggen-Tlna Rd.
Mapl e Plain, MN 55359
(763) 479-1612
(877) 640-1612
www.Dettasspind le.com
Creative Fi bers
5416 Penn Ave So.
Mi nneapol is, MN 55419
(612) 927-8307
SI. Peter Woolen Mill
101 W. Broadway
SI. Peter, MN 56082
(800) 208-9821
(507) 934-3734
Yesterday's Crafts
ute Zels
16881400t h St
Avon, MN 56)10
(po) 746-2307
At Loose Ends
357 jrd Ave SE
Perham, MN 56573
Ph/Fax (218) 346-
Weaving Dept.
j Myers House
180 W. Dunn Rd.
Ftorissant (SL Louis)
MO 63031
(866) 9 21-7800
Wool Ridge
20529' 310t h St.
[amesport, MO 64648
(660) 684-6677
ATwist in TI me
3105.1 Hwv.
t amar, MO 64 759
(417) 68 ' -5931
www.atwisti nt ime.com
Carol Leigh's Hillcreek
Fiber Studio
7001 Hil lcreek Rd.
Col umbia, MO 65203
cl hf s@aoLcom
www.hi l lcreekfiberstl.ldiQ.(Qm
Kiddi n' A-Round
104 S. Mai n
Clinton. MO 64735
(660) 885-6614
Yarn Farm LLC
614 Pi ckelsford Rd .
SI. Clair. MO 63077
(636) 629 -0567
DOn a Sf Farm
6726 Hwy 312
Bill ings. MT 59105
(406) 37)-6542
The Plum Nelly
113 N. Hasti ngs Ave.
Hastings, NE68901
(402) 463-6 262
The Ashford Book of
Weaving For Knitters
- an ins pirational boo k
for anyone want ing to
weave with the fun and
fa bu lous knitt ing ya rns
now availa ble.
Fi berworks Labadie Looms
3102 Maginn Dr. / Utopia
The Fi ber Studio Spinners Ri dge at Dayton, OH45434 2572 Old Phila Pike Heritage Arts
9 Fost er Hill Rd. Yarn's Etc... (937) 426-5522 (Rt 340)
10740 County Road 102
Hennlker, NH 03242 2)1 S. Elm St.
fibrwrks@aol.com Blrd-ln-Hand , PA17505
Grandvlew, TX 76050
(603) 4 28-7830 s reenboro. Ne27401 (717) 29 1-8911
(817) 866-2772
www.flbe rstudio.com (800) 335-5011
lambobaa@hot mail.com
www.s.pin nersridge.com
Mi rage Alpacas
Mountai n View
SteamValley Fiber
Upst ai rs Studio
2) 2 t empst er Mountain Rd. Three Waters Farm 2304 St ea m Vall ey Rd.
111 1/2 N. and Sr.
Washingt on. located in Yam' s Et c...
Trout Run, PA 17771
Laport e. IX 77571
NH 03280-0125 205 W. Main St.
5621MountainView Road.
(570) 998-2221
(877) 722"4996
(60)) 49 \ ' 343\ (Triangle area)
Edmcnd, OK73034
www.steamvallesfl ber.com
mirageet Carrboro, NC27510
(40 5) 341-4998
Fay Drozd Studi o
(919) 928-8810
wnobbe@sbcglobal. net
Allhouse' s
229A01d Ingram loop
The Elegant Ewe www.threewatersfarm.com Sewi ng Cent er
Ingram. TX 78025
71 South Main St.
2]71 Packh ouse Rd.
(830) 367-3' 52
Concord, NH 03301 Shutt les Needles Fogelsvilte. PA18051 f drozd@omniglobal. net
(60)) 226-0066 & Hooks
Soft Horizons
(Boo) 615-3216
inf o@elegarltewe.com 214 E. Chat ham St. --...AI fhousP5.Si'wingCl"f1l l1! f.tO!n
412 E. ' 13th Alle.
www.el egantewe.com eary, Ne 27511 104 East urer.
Eugene, OR97401
(919) 469-WEAV Fredericksburg. TX 78624
The Wool Room
(888) 269-6806
ShurNedHok@aol .com
(830) 990-8952
218 Pleasant St.
(141) 343-06\1
(877) 990-8952
Antri m, NH 03440 TheWoolery
Wool Company
North Woods Farm
www.st onehi ll spin.com
(6 03) \ 88-6637 117 East Main St .
Fiber CO., Ll C
Murfreesboro. Ne278 55
990-2nd St. SE
420 John High Road
Podge (800) 441-966\
Bandon. OR 97411
CampobeHo, se293 22
Han icrafts www.woolery.cam
(\41) 347-39 ' 2
(864) 4\ 7'4928
59 Belknap Ave.
(888) 4\6-2430
www. northwoodsfarm.com
The Needl epoint Joi nt
Newport , NH 03773 The Tail Spinner
Loomi nesce
241 Hist oric 25th St.
(603) 863-1470 Ri chlands, Ne28574 Ogden. UT84401
Brooklngs. OR97tflS SOUTH DAKOTA
(910) 324-630\ (800) 660-43\ \
www.tall -splnner. com
(541) 469-0117
www. loomi nesce.com Shyrlee Roting
Bovidae Farm
1608 I ervt s Br. Rd.
237t O' 4S4th Ave.
59 Spri ng Rd.
Mars Hi ll. Ne 28754
11 North Mai n SI. Madi son. SO 57042 ' 722 7
Ellen' s 1/2 Pint Farm
Hudson. NY 12534
(828) 689-9931
Ashland, OR 97520 (605) 2\6-3701
85 Tucker Hill Rd.
(\18) 828-4\\4
(800) 482-9801
Norwich, VT 05055
fa' (541) 488-83'8 Natural Colored
(802) 649-5420
General Bailey
websters@mi nd. net Wool Studio
ell ens@together.net
Homestead Farm OHIO
www.yarnatwebsters.com 109 N. and Street.
340 Spi er f all s Rd.
Srct cn, SO57445
Greenf leld (tr., NY 128)) Rolli cking Hills
(605) 397-4504 The Merli nTree
(877) 471-WOOl Fi ber Designs w. Gl over. VT
www.generalbail eyfarm.com 1 Rollicki ng Hill s
The Kni tter' s
(802) 754-6433
De Graft, OH 43318
spi nfix@sover. nel
North Wi nd Yarns (937) 585-5,61
WWN. themeni nt ree.com
& Weaving Co. Llamas@logall.net
308 S. Pennsylvania Ave. lane' s Fiber and
( ent re Hall. PA 16828 Beads
120A West and St.
Oswego. NY 1] 126 The Little House
(814) 364-1433 1)415 E. Andrew j ohnso n
(877) 533-VARN 1927 Mai n St reet
yarnshop@aol.com Hwy.
www. Nort hWi ndYarns.com Clyde. OH 43410
The Manni ngs
Atton. TN 37616 Misty Mountain Farm
(800) 554-7973
(888) 497-266\
154 Quai l Call lane
Spi n AYarn www.linlf>housespinni ng.(om
Handweavi ng School www.janesfibefandlleads.com
Amissvil le. VA 20106
& Supply Center
(\40) 937'4707
9 Mil chell Ave.
Binghamton, HY 13903 French Creek Fiber
1132 Green Ridge Rd. Knit ' NPurl
www.ml stymQ(lnlainf<Jrm.(om
(607) 722-33, 6 Arts
East Bertin, PA 17316 464 N. Cedar Bluff Rd.
36840 Detroit Rd.
(800) 233-7166 Knoxville, TN 379 23
Hunt Country Yarns
Daft Dames Avon. OH 440 11
www. the-mannings.ccm (800) 808-7087
1West Federal Street.
Handcraft s (440) 934-1236
Misty Mountai n
knitnpurl@j uno. com
Mi ddl eburg. VA 20117
13384 Mai n Rd. Rte. 5 www. frenchcreekfiber.com
(540) 687-5'29
Akrcn, NY 14001
Fi ber Workshop
hcy@skei ns.com
(716) 542-4235 Sally's Shop
23 Chambersburg St.
141 College S1.
Get tys burg, PA 17325
Winderwood w adswort h, OH 44281
(717) 339-0088
Cat herine Whipple
Country St ore sallyshopl@cs.com
mmfiber@aol .com
4934 State Rour e 245
www.mi stvmountainfw.com
225 North King St.
Naples. NY14512
teesburg. VA 22075
(585) 374-8504
(703) 77]-4256
Spri ngwater
80B N. Fairfax St.
Alexandri a. VA 22314
(703) 549-3634
Stony Mount ain
Fi bers
939 HammocksGap Rd.
Chartott esville, VA 229 11
(434) 295-2ooB

Weaving Works
4717 Brook1vn Alle. NE
Seattle, WA 98105
(888) 524-1221
(206) S24 -1221
Handspun Yarns
1401Commercial St.
Bellingham, WA 98225
()6o) 201' 5141
The Fiber Attic
1009 First SI. # 2 0 1
Snohomish, WA98290
(360) 563-0330
Elizabeth's Yarn
& Fiber
249U -112th St. E.
Buckley, WA 9832 1
(253) B26-0218
Fibers Ett.
705 Court C.
tacoma. WA 9840 2
(25]) 572-l859
j ewetl Creek Yarns
Mountain Meadow Fibre
WhiteSalmon. WA 98672
(s 09) 493-1960
Janus Alpaca
& Fi ber Co.
11310 S. Gardner Rd.
Chenev, WA 99004
(s09) 448-2524
Paradise Fibers
701Parvin Rd.
(olfa;ll,. WA 99111
(509) 397-9'33
(B88) 320-SPIN(7746)
spinning@paradisef lbers.com
Knot Just Yarn
500 EFairhaven Ave
Burlington WA
1-888-477- KN1T
W"NW. knotjustvam.ccm
Bahr Creek Llamas
& Fi ber Shop
NI021 Sauk Trail
Cedar Grove, WI 53013
(920) 668-6417
Sheeping Beauty
Fibre Arts
1401Commercial St
West Bend, WI 53090
(262) 334-0370
_ .shttpingbeilutvfibrearts.-eom
Apple Hollow
Fiber Art s
732 j efferson St.
Sturgeon Bay, WI 54235
Order Line 888-324-8302
www.applehotl ow.rcm
Susan's Fiber Shop
N250 Hwy. A
Columbus, WI 5392 5
(920) 62]-4237
(8B8) 603·4237 orders
susanfiber@internetwi s,(om
www. susansfi bershop.com
Mielke's Fiber Art s
2550 Co. Rd. 11
Rudolph, WI 54475
(715) 344 -4' 04
Red Barn Farm
Ri1JN Road.
Buttemut, WI54514
(715) 769-3773
The Fi ber Garden
W 11670 Goldsmith Rd.
Black River Falls, WI 54615
(71s) 284-4590
www. ftbetgarden.cem
Wool Farm Craft s
20940 Cedar Point Rd
Gransburg. WI 54840
Egdewood Arts
109 N. Main St.
Waupaca, WI 54981
(715) 258-0909
(715) 2S8W17 (faxl
Linda's creation is as
tall as she is-5' 3"-
but weighs just over
6 pounds, so it is
very wearable.
l "Ephiphl n;p. QC
Jsx l M'IIASo) SBB-l81S
Loodun-Wul Farm
Igj] R(),Jd.

The B[<I(klamb
2415- Rld<l ll! St,.1'IlI1 H'W'!. 0 111
LIJI ,p)
19I"J aB, -'CH9'Q

Rtrh . S06l MLAlberl Rd
Mt.Alb-e I\,ON
(9QSJ 413' 1033
m1,,1 0111

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40 'il, Otttw.,
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PO 8<1, :1J6So, Wollville. MS
(9lI' ) ,...-.6'-': ro.t 1901) 5'l ' -I,a,
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Celeigh Wool
RR'l, stte 11 601> 1. AB
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Pam's WQollyShoppe
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151l4J 814 4114
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11 P'i.
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WhilP Rc>ct. BC. V"ll 315
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11 rst;d/l n _
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Sun eenth F1bre
f 1 - "979 Broadway St.
(hllliwdr il. se. Vl l' , Vg (604l
' '.l}oOO,!

Lin da BOTCh
Gam br ills , Mar y lan d
Amy Du r gelo h
Palme r , Ala ska
the course of two years as my client sent
me more dog hair.
The yarn is spun from the hair of two
kees honden. It is a lofty
worsted-weight yarn, spun
from lightly carded batts. My
cli ent sent me her favorite
raincoat to create a pattern
from. I crocheted t he body
of t he coat in a simple but
sturdy pattern stitch, so she
will never have t o worry
about a "sagging bottom"
when she stands up!
The sleeves are crocheted
wit h some reli ef st itches.
The hood is knitted lace, and
side gussets are knitt ed with
a mock cable. It has been
safely delivered to my cus-
tomer and was well received.
Novelty as we linow it
Judi th MacKe nzie McCuin rightl y
credits Bernat Klein as a leader in chang-
ing the way that we think about color
and texture in text iles in her art icle
"Novelty Yarns: Endless Variations On a
Thread," Spin-Off, Winter 2005. How-
ever, she oversimplifies when descri bing
him as "an eight-year-old Jewish refugee
. . . who started out sweep ing mill s in
Cftarlifta spinning tips
I spun my Your Yarn! samples for this
issue on a book-sized charkha from
India. I've found t hat for those of us who
would rather work sitting in a chair, hav-
ing a Iow table about waist height when
sitt ing keeps your right shoulder from
getti ng sore. Grippi ng shelf lining under
the charkha keeps it from sliding on the
table wi thout having to clamp it down.
Brt d ge t Mill er
Collf n gw o o d , Ne w Zea lan d
J ea n n i n e Gla v es
Tu l sa , Ok lah oma
A ftandspun crocheted
dog ftair coat
With the recent showcase of canine
yarn in the Your Yarns! department, I
wanted to send a photo of the "mother
of all" dog hair coats! I worked on it over
Spinning revolution
I found Randy Chelsey's thoughts on
Mahat ma Gandhi's life and spinning to
be interesting. Spinning can
bring peace to a person; just
ask my grateful children.
For Gandhi, spinning was a
powerful tool that he was
usi ng to break down the
rigid social and occupation-
al strat ification of t he caste
system. Change is resisted
and Gandhi was assassinated
for this.
Editor's Note: One example ofcabledyam
is two 2-ply yarns plied together. It is
made offour strands but it's not consid-
ered 4-ply since the four strands are not
all plied together at once. The possibili-
ties are endless; you could make a
different cabled yam for every day ofthe
year. See Spinning Designer Yarns by
Diane Varney (Loueland, Colorado:
Interweave Press, 2003) for instructions
and other variations.
Wftat is a
cabled yarn?
I have been watching the
Your Yarn! department of
Spin-Off with interest, plan-
ning to one day send some
yarn in. I see that the June deadline is
for cabled yarns. Can you please explai n
what a cabled yarn is?
12 I S PI N . 0 F F I www. 1 T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
Your Yarn! featuring readers' yarns receives more mail
than any other department in the magazine as exempli-
fied by the number of letters about it in this Letters de-
partment. How do you feel about the Your Yarns! de-
o 1love it just the way it is; don't change a thing.
o 1like it, but can YDU reduce the number ofpages it
And our survey says ...
l OA.! sent us e-mails and letters detailing what they'd
like to see or expanding Dn the optionsgivenobooe.
Spin-Off Autumn Retreat (SOAR) 2006 registration materials
are available online at www.interweave.com/spin/events/
SOAR/ along with scholarship application details.
The purse featured on the cover of Spin·Off. Winter 2005.
was such a hit with readers that we are now offering Jana
Trent's exact pattern for this knitted and fulled purse on our
website at www.interweave.comjspinj .
If you're inspired to build your own charkha after looking at
this issue's Your Yarn! department, instructions originally print-
ed in the sold-out Winter 1996 issue of Spin·Off are now
available on our website.
o Expand it; 1want mDre info from participants and
maybe swatches, tOD.
Visit our website at www.spinoffmagazine.com and give
us your answer.
4.5%want projects and ideas for using their yams.
28%want basic spinning intormation-s-tundamentat
instruction and technique.
26%want how-to articles Dn using equipment.
In the Winter 2005 issue we asked what you would like
to see more of in the magazine. Here are the results.
We will be asking the Spin·Off Reader Advisory Panel
for more input on Your Yarns! while the department is
on summer vacation next issue. To join our reader advi-
sory panel, visit www.interweave.com/spin/sprap.asp.
at Spinoffmagazine.com!
Galashiels... ." But the story of how Bernat Kl ein came to be
such a catalyst in textile design is worth noting.
Born in 1922 in a small town in Yugoslavia near the
Hungarian border, he was educated locally and then in st rict
he fibers,
the yarn!
Our Website

• Lo

Polworth Wool and Yarns
• Spi
14 I S P IN . 0 F F I www. 1 ~ T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
Jewish schools in Yugoslavia and
Jerusalem between t he ages of thirteen
and seventeen. He then turned his back
entirely on his training and entered the
Bezalel School of Art and Craft in
Jerusalem to st udy art and then textil e
design. He subsequently came to Britain
and enrolled at Leeds University to study
textil e technology. He eventually fetched
up in Galashiels in 1951 as a technically
accompli shed texti le designer. He has
lived and worked in the Scottish Borders
ever since, and the landscape has been a
primary source of inspirat ion for his
Bemat Klein: Textile Designer, Artist,
Colourist was recently exhibited at t he
Hawick Museum in associati on with the
Bernat Klein Trust and will be traveling
to other venues in Scotland during 2006.
Hi l ary Mi l l er
An glese y, Wale s , Un i t e d Ki n g d o m
A response from Judith MacKenzie
McCuin: As Hilary Miller said, Bernat
Klein's life is definitely intriguing and
mysterious-from eastern Europe to
Jerusalem during the start of World War
II. That would be an incredible story in
itself. But, it wasn 't his personal life that
captured my heart and changed my
life-it was his simply stunning yams
and fabric.
Let me t ell you how I first came to
know about him. In the early 1960s, I
lived on a remote island off the west
coast ofCanada. I wove large tapestries
for banks andpublic buildings-weaving
clothing was simply not an acceptable
occupation, and we, modem and young,
considered cloth mostly below our
notice. But a woman who traveled wide-
ly owned a summer estate on the island.
She asked me to weave some cloth to
match a piece she'd bought on her
travels from a "Scottish designer. "And
as 1needed the money . . . I remember,
even now, nearly forty years later,
unwrapping, and then unrolling the bolt
ofjacket material. It's such a cliche to
say it took my breath away, but that
indeed, is what it did. Made me weak in
the knees, too. And shy in the presence
ofsuch unusual beauty. I knew that my
weaving life, as I currently knew it, was
done, and I had found the discipline and
framework that would shape my craft.
Today, as a teacher, when 1 demon-
strate novelty yams to a spinning class,
it 's the yam from that fabric, a marled
and cabled slub, that I re-create as a
thank you to the visionary designer who
opened, for me, a door you don 't walk
back through.
Share your stories, send us clippings of
spinning-related news, and let us know
what is important to you. Spin' Off
Letters, 201 E. Fourth St., Love/and, CO
80.537-.56.5.5. spinoff@interweave.com.
Fax (970) 669-6117.
Good things come in small packages
Bosworth Charkhas - perfect for cotton, silk & luxury fibers
Jonathan & Jheila 'Bosuiorth
2.9 Main Street, Anon MA 0172.0 978/2.64-0584 wwwjourneywheel.com
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Twist Fibre Craft Stu dio
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Warncoo rt 3243
Ph 03 523 3-6241
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Bo·Peeps Spinning
Wheel Shop
35 Ponne llLone, Strothroy
Ontario N7G 2C5
Ph 519 245-1483
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Shu ttlewo rks
Site 5, Box 9RR1
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Alberto TOLOXO
Ph 403 938-1099
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The Walki ng Wheel Stu dio
1 Gree nf,eld Rd
Seoview Downs
South Austro lio 5049
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Sun bench Fibers
1 89 79 Broadwoy SI.
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Ph. 604 793-0058
info@sunbenchfibre•. com
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Gos pereau Volley Fibres
PO Box 2368
Wo lfville, NS B4P 2N5
Ph 902 542 -2656
juIie@ga. pereouval leyfibres.co
Susan', Fiber Shop
N250 Hwy. A
Co lumbus, W15392 5
Ph 920 623 4237
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Stony Mount a in Fibers
939 Ha mmocks Gop Rd.
Charlottesville, VA 22911
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Apple Holl ow Fiber Art s
73 2 Je ffe rson St.
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Granite Creek Form
642 27th Ave.
Cumber lond, WI 54829
Ph 715 822-8766
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PO Box67
Carlton, WA 98814
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He ritage Arts
10740 C-R. 102
Grondview, TX 76050
Ph 8 17 517-5800
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Ellen s 1/ 2 Pint Form
85 Tucker Hill Rd.
Norwich, VT 05055
Ph 802 649-5420
ho lfpintfarm@volley.net
Moldavia Form
164 5 George Washington
Char lotte Court House, VA
Ph 804 542·594 6
Knitter 's Und erground
308 S Pennsylva nio Ave
Centre Holl, PA 16828
Ph 800 69 3-7242
Vorns hop@ool.com
Jane', Fiber & Beo ds
5415 Andrew Johnson Hwy.
Alton, TN 37616
Ph 423 639-79 19
jon e@janesfiberondbeads.com
Smoky Mountain Spinnery
466 Brookside Villoge Way
Gotl inburg TN 37738
Ph 865 436·9080
smokymtnspinne ry@ool.com
Misty Mount oin Form
154 Qu oil Coli Lone
Amissville, VA20106
Ph 540 937-4707
info@mi.tymounta inform.com
www.mistymounto infarm.oom
Fire Ant Ra nch
2646 FM 1704
Elgin, TX 78621
Ph 512 281-4496
fireont@Aos h.net
Lao minesce
645 Mordon c.
Brookings, OR 97415
Ph 541 42 1·9902
olecio@loo minesce.com
Owen & Gtyni s Poad and
John & Mary McTavish
Oropi Rd, RD3, Tauranga
New Zealand
email support@maj acraft.co.nz
Phone 011 - 64-7-543-3618
Fox 011- 64-7-543-3718
Thr ee Wat ers Form
at Ya rn' s, Etc.
20 5 W. Moin St
Carrboro, Ne 275 10
Ph 919 928·8810
spinningti'threewote"far m.oom
For furt he r deta il s of
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37 Loyton Rd
Woodstown, NJ 08098
Ph 856 769-1452
MISSOURI The Spinnery, Inc. OHIO
Yarn Form 33 Roce St. Ho mespun Shed
614 Pickles Ford Rd. Fren chtown, NJ 08825 8830 Stote Rte. 83
St. Clai r, MO 63 077 Ph 908 996·9004 Holmesv ille, OH 44633
ph 636 629-056 7 Spinne ry@ool.com Ph 330 279-2079
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NEW HAMPSHIRE Earthgui ld 19 27 N. Ma in St.
Hodgepodge Ha nd icraFts 33 Hoywood St Clyde, OH 43410
59 Belknop Ave. A5heville, NC 28801 Ph 419 54 7·9210
Newport, NH 03773 -1508 Ph 828 255-78 18 Toll-lree ph 800·554 -7973
Ph 603 863-1470 inform@eorthguild.oom www.litt lehou.e.pinning.co m
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Mapl e Winds Form Spinners Ridge
139 College Rd.
PMB f160 23 1 S, Elm SI. Wodswort h, OH 4428 1
75 Moin St., Ste. #4 Green.boro, NC 27401
Ph 330 334-1996
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Ph 603 481 -0383 800335-50 11
.heep@storbon d.net tino@spinners ridge.com
The Lovender Fleece
3826 N Eostman Rd.
Midland, M148642
Ph 517 8324908
lovenderfi eece@charter.net
Lear Fiber Closet
109 W. High SI.
Rockville, IN 47872
Ph 765 569· 2953
fi be rdoset(iJs bcg I0 bo I.net
Ha lcyon Yo rn
12 School St.
Both, ME04530
Ph 800 34 1-0282
service @holcyon.com
Vesterday·s Croft s
16881 400th St.
Avon, MN 56310
Ph 320 746-2307
The Golden Spind le
1017 Hollywood Ave.
Silver Spring, MD 20904
Ph 301 6224914
Fox 301 680-92 98
Glds pindleli'ool.com
Dett a 's Spindle
2592 Geggen Tino Rd
Maple Ploin MN 55 359
Ph 763 479·1 612
dettoss pindle@yohoo. com
Denise Brown
32 Stee p Hollow Or.
Hatt ie. bu rg, MS 39402
Ph 601 271·7122
denb rown@bell. outh .net
Weavin' Pla ce
307 Devon Rd.
Lo Ploce, LA 70068
www.weavinplace.co m
Abis We b
111 Pittsfield Rd.
8eckett, MA 01223
Ph 413 655-02 65
Misty Mountain
Fiber Works hop
1330 Cope SI.. Cloire Rd.
Annopolis, MD 21401
Ph 800 257-2907
Count ry Basic
8860 E 9151. cr.
Crown Point , IN 46307
Ph 219 942-6782
Winterhaven Fiber Form
255 Yu le Troil
Wolkerton, IN 46574
Ph 219 586·7606
jsetsert!'di recwoy com
The Tradi ng Post
fo r Fiber Arts
8833S 50W
Pendleton, IN 46064
Ph 765 778-364 2
hart morkleforms@ool.com
The Red Wheel
971 N Pork St.
Cost le Rock, CO 80109
Ph 800 704-0408
t heredwheel@ool.com
Corol ino Homesp un
455 Lisbon St.
Son Francisco, CA 94112
Ph 800450-7786
mo' goinewilderti'. bcglobol.net
Woolly Des igns
2111 Block Conyo n Rd.
Crawford CO 81415
ph 970 921 3834
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31962 US 19 North
Polm Ha mor, FL34684
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211 Green Mountain Or.
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Ph 970 482-7746
Toll-free 877 586-933 2
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Spinning My Wheel s
201 Village Hill Rd.
Will ington, Cl 06279
Ph 860 684·2883
jmc dougol@.nel. net
Green Volley Weavers
2115 W. Colorado Ave
Colorodo Springs, CO 80904
Ph 719 448-9963
The Sheep Shed
76N Robin.on Rd.
Nompo, ID 83687
PH 208 4664365
sheep. hed@bigp lonet.com
The Fold
33 16 Millst reo m Rd.
Morengo, IL60152
Ph 815 568-0165
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Availa ble from,
Ho me.tead Handweaving
6285 Homilton Creek Rd.
Columbu. , IN 47201
Ph 812 988·8622
warpe d@bluema rble .net
The Villa ge Spinning
& Weavi ng
425-8 Ali5<l1 Rd.
Solvong, CA 93 463
Ph 888 686-1192 Toll Fre..
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16 S PIN . 0 F F I WWW. I !'i T E R W E A V E . C 0 M

er Q.z..oo
- Deboroh Pulliam
handspun can, of course, adapt the pat-
terns give n. Adetailed explanation of
sock construction techni ques follows,
incl uding different methods of shaping
cuffs, heels, and toes. Next are tips on
custom fi tti ng, measuring, and match-
ing sock dimensions to shoe sizes. A
guide to the special
stitches used in the
patterns is included,
with lar ge, clear il-
The patterns them-
selves include both
toe-up and cuff-down
designs and range from
a basic sock pattern to
designs incorporat ing
lace or cables. Stitch pat-
terns ar e int ended to
mimi c the look and fe el of knitti ng;
however, the authors acknowledge that
crochet ed socks will have their own
unique character. Rehfeldt and Wood
give tips throughout on how to com-
pensate for differences between the two
techniques to get the best results.
After trying many of the patterns
wit h fine sock yarns at the suggested
gauges, I found the resulting crocheted
fabric to be thicker and less elastic than
that of my own handknitted socks made
with similar yarns. That said, the shap-
ing and fit ting techniques given in the
book are quite good, wit h interesti ng
stitches and helpful instruct ions. The
patt erns were enjoyable and the finished
results pleasing. With this book in hand
and an understanding that knitting and
crochet produce fundamentally differ-
ent results, crocheters in need of warm
socks wi ll be able to create their own
well-fitti ng footwear with a character
uni que to their craft.
-Sandi Wiseheart
- continued on page 23
\\ () () I)
Crocheted Socks!
16 Fun-to-Stitch
fri ends. Not surprisingly, most are simple
and rel y heavi ly on the yarn for interest.
Some definitely fall into the "funky" cat-
egory but may appeal to beginner spin-
ners and knitters who need extra help.
Sweaters and accessories for adults and
children are supplement ed by
one lone pillow and an afg han
Most crocheters wishing to make
footwear think primarily of slippers or
bed socks, leaving fi ne-gauge, fi tted socks
(suitable for wear inside one's shoes) to
knitters, Authors Rehfeldt and Wood,
both experienced knitwear and crochet
designers, wanted to create socks that
combi ne the shaping of knitted
socks with the rich variety of cro-
chet stitch patterns. They took
the familiar knitted sock con-
struction-cuff, leg, heel fl ap,
gusset, foot, and toe-and
tried different crochet tech-
niques until they came up
with footwear that was both
comfortable and stylish.
The introduction states
that this is not a book for
beginning crocheters- there
is no guide to basic stitches, and the cro-
cheter must be comfo rtable with read-
ing patterns. The authors begin with a
di scussion of how to choose th e right
yarn for making socks. Those interested
in crochet ing socks using their own
Woodinville, Washington:
Martingale & Company, 2003. Paperbound,
64pages. S18. 95. 1SBN1-56477-4.94-5.
Camden. Maine: Down East Books. 2005. Hard-
bound, 128 pages, $25.9.1. ISBN 0-89272-667-9.
Dyeing to Knit
Although this book does include twen-
ty knitting patterns that may-or may
not-appeal to the reader, its strength is
in the middle of the book. After a section
on the basics of cal or and howvari ous
colors work together, and another more
substantial discussion on dyeing with
acid dyes, there is a well-thought-out
chapter titled "The Design Phase" that
incl udes information and suggestions on
how to use the yarn you've dyed, be it
soli d, painted, or space dyed (the three
methods covered in the dyeing chapter).
One of the disappointments of cre-
ative dyeing is that often the skeins are
more attractive than the final product.
Eskesen's chapter on designing and in-
spiration with calor will give a beginner
or timid designer enough to think about
and get started experimenting. She be-
gins-as all spinners and knitters
should-with an emphasis on gauge and
also points out the frequently overlooked
importance of choosing the appropriate
size needles for a specifi c
She takes her
own inspiration
for calor and de-
sign from the nat-
ural beauty of her
home state of Maine,
as well as from art -
work, ranging from
Monet, Matisse, and
Kl ee to text il e tradi-
tions from around the
world to her children's
artwork from school.
For the patterns, Eskesen, owner of a
yarn shop in Damar iscotta, provided
hand-dyed yarns to staff and knitting
18 I S I' I ro; . 0 F F I w w W. I N T E R W E A \' E . C U M

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83207 Rodaers Road
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205West Main St.
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214 East Chatham St.
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59 Belknap Ave.
Newport, NH 03773
The Wool Room
Anne Hennessy
218 Pleasant St.
Anlnm, NH 03440-3405
The Spinner)'
Berry OIdenburg
33 Race SI,
French T()INIl, NJ 08825
Piece. of String
Kendlg Cottage Julie Slaby
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109 Bedden Rd MONTANA
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Useful Things JoIIet, MT 59041-9597
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michelleh 75<iiaoLcom Tulasl K.lIgore
MICHIG-N 1925 Billings Ave.
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Heritage Spinning 406-431-1688
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47 E Rint -" M!M!, jol'fJ{hand\pinning.
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142 E. Stale St.
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2400 Faussett Rd.
Howell, MI 48B43
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Kathleen Smith
1:m58eltaly Ad
A\Taella GI\ :nxJ4
Quilted Hearts
104 Carrington Parks Or
Gainsvil!e, GA 30504
(770) 536·3959

HartweUs' . Lazy PJ
Pat Day Hartwell
12739 N. 55 E.
Idaho Falls, ID 63401
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Tonl Heal
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Crossroads Alpaca
5435 W Mt Cerrrel Ad
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Nancy & Chris Wilson
00. Box 853,
2487 W NeY.lon Le-e
cereVerde, Al. 86322
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150West Main SI.
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Morgslne Wilder
455 Lisbon si,
San Franci sco. CA94112
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Alberta BorQIN
11525 Dry Creek Rd.
Aubum, CA95602
Lanas de Ubelula
La Mesa. CA
wM!!, lanawelik lula.rom
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425 A1isaJ Rd.
SoIvang, CA93463 Huacaya Moon
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bacJil:ountrt'- 800-341-0282
hv!tl''ery1ichaner,nn 207-442-0633 (f ax)

20 I S I' I N · 0 .... I WWW . I N T E R W EA \' E . C 0 M

Alchemy Fibre
Danuta KBmockl
4 Chippewa St. E.
Ca,\Jga, ONNG'< 1EO
The Black Lamb
LBurie Goldiuk
246 AJdout SI.
Port j-coe. ON L1A1P3
tht blad /amMV

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ffi #1, 5C62 Mt
Mt Aiberl. ON LOO 1MO
905-473-6544 11ax)
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205 8ridQe St.
CarletonPlace, ON
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Boulder Brook Shepherds's
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Spinning wheels, Supplies Margaret Rose
& Fiber PO, Box 11 Srte 1 RA1
Sharon Orpln Zehner SK SOG 5KO
320 Kissing Blidge Ad. 306.789.3763 Iph & taxi
R. A. 3 Lunenburg, NS
902-634 1914

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1937 Melanson Rd. DebbleEtherlngton
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1631 Rte. 6
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BOK 1\10
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Elleen Warley & Larelel
PO. Box 250
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Dorofhy Panaceck
104 A. East tner
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an,nrt Stony Mountain John &Jane Eager
b."E;/lBlueGooseGlen. Flbers PO Box 42
home.atLnel 105 S. Main St
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434.295-2008 highlandlrollmMif,wteLnrt

Wll.$!lINqTON com
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213 245th Place NE
Semmemish, WA98074
(425) 868-0715
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Carol Wookock
PO Box687
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Darlington, PA 16115
K'K'H\ sIrf!('p!o·fOf/e.rom
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Light Brown and Brown/Grey Alpaca from
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Ask for our new fibers at your dealers'!
We stock over 20 Wool
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S P R 1 N G 2 n () 6 1 S I' I N · 0 F F I 21

Unique blends of
Our slivers are a
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For International Inquiries contact:
GaywDDI Dyes (Australia)
PD. Box 828. Wangaratla, Victoria, Australia 3676
Tel: 011 61 57224571 Fax: 01161 57223382
emall: mltchell@mail.cobram.net.au
High quality dyes with a
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which can be strengthened or
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For North American Inquiries contact:
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email: info@ Iouet.com Tel: 613-925 4502
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more Reviews.
• •
(continued from page 18)
could very well have been The Nature of
Fabric and the Fabric ofNature. In the
photographs, t he beauty of the yarn in
various stitches, colors, and textures meld
wit h the beauty of clouds, wate r, and
bedded in rough red sand
transform seamlessly into
a wonderful cab led tweed
fabri c. In anot he r photo-
gra ph, gray river st ones
merge with lovely knit hand-
spun so perfectl y t ha t it is
hard t o know whe re fabric
and landscape part.
Even people whose int er-
est in textiles does not extend beyond the
thread count of their bedsheets will like
thi s book for its quirky bea uty. For a
novice knitter or spinne r, I think it will
provide many insights into the sources
of design inspirat ion. And, while it is
rious, inexplicable why of kni tting as we
t urn from page to beautiful page.
If you can imagine Isaku Noro and An-
drew Goldsworthy-playful and imagi-
native artists/designers that they
are-wandering through fi eld
and forest, next to seashore and ~ ­
st ream wit h baskets of glori-
ous yarns , kni tt ing needles
tucked under their arms, you
will have some idea of the vi-
sual deli ghts of thi s book.
Add to it Tellier-Loumagne's
~ ~ . , ; , , ; ; ; ­
schola rly and t houghtful
analysis of the structure of
kni tti ng, which fl ows through t he book
wit h t he orderl y movement of a Bach
concerto, and you have a book t hat will
bring new concepts on the use of thread
and the nat ure of fabric.
In fact, t he book's subt itle, Inspira-
tional Stitches, Text ures and Surfaces,
The Art of Knitting:
Inspirational Stitches,
Textures and Surfaces
The Art of Knitting is an elegant and
unusual book, full of wonderful surpris-
es and visual delights. I'd looked through
it twice before I realized t here was n' t a
garment in sight. Not one sock, multi-
eolore d or otherwise, nary a scarf, not
even a dishcl oth. And whe n I did reali ze
t hat t here were no patterns per se, and
the book was, in fact , aimed more for the
knit designer who designs for industrial
knitti ng machines (there is a very token
nod to handknitters), I didn' t mi nd a bit.
Rather than dealing with the how of knit-
t ing, this book seduces us with the glo-
New York: Thames & Hudson, 2005. Paper-
bound, 318 poges, $39.9". ISBN 0-" 00-28,,,,7-8.
T he O riginal
t . ~ •
...... -
Howard Hand Card
Made in USA
All of our products are handcrafted in Woonsocket, Rhode Island. Our Hand Cards are manufactured to
the exact specifications developed by thefounders of the Howard Brothers Company in 1866. Eachhand card
is formed using select woods, with a gently curvedcompromise between flat and strongly curvedcards, allow-
ingfor both styles of carding action. The handles are ergonomically designed to shape and fi t, easy to orient,
sturdily attached to the carder back and finished with a warm hand-rubbed sheen. These traditionally made
hand cards are offered in 3 sizes: Standard, Student and Mini , and in 5 densities from 54 TPI to 190 TPI for
the fiberarts community.
These 5 traditional densities of card clothing are available in widths of 8".
10". 12" and 14" for your Drum Carding requi rements, and can be purchased
by the linear foot. Also, being the manufacturer we can fabri cate carding cloth
for many of your special fiber process requirements.
Our goal is to offer quality hand card tools and drum carding cl oth at a reasonable price to keep the craft of
spinning affordable. By doing so we are quickly becoming the supplier of choice for the fiberarts community.
We also manufacture.._
• basic frame kits • rug hooking gripper strips • drum carding cloth •
Call or check our website for a dealer near you!
800-556-7710 • www.howardbrush.com
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 23
definitely not a proj ect book, it does have
a significant amount of t echni cal infor-
mation that will be a good resource for
both yarn and knit desi gners. For the
more expe rienced textil e designer, the
combination of the cl ear st ruct u ral
diagrams, text, and pictures will present
intri guing possibilities for many years to
- Judith MacKenzie McCuin
Maran Illustrated:
Knitting & Crocheting
B y ~ \ R \ N C R ~ P 11 I ( S
Boston: Thomson Course Technology, 2005. Pa-
perbound, 297pages, $24.99./SBN1-.59200-862-3.
Knitting &Crocheting from the Maran
lllustrated series is one of the most com-
prehensive learn-to-knit books available
today. Page after page of cheerful photos
and concise text guide the new knitter to
success . The Maran famil y and knitting
cons ultant Joanne Yordanou make no
assumptions about the reader's
knowl edge of knitting, so they
start at the very beginning.
The fir st chapter covers
basic fiber information, sizes
of yarn, and how t o read a
yarn label. Spinne rs might raise an
eyebrow about some of the fiber descrip-
tions but most of the information is solid.
Ashort discussion of knitting needles and
necessary knitting notions is included.
Ste p-by-ste p photos in the "Knitt ing
Basi cs" chapte rs show cas t ing on and
how to knit and purl using both the En-
glish and cont ine ntal methods. Accom-
panying the text are lots of tips to ease
the process. A sect ion on measuring
gauge and how t o read patterns provides
the reader with the skill to choose from
a select ion of basi c st itch patterns for
scarves and washcloths.
Subsequent chapte rs introduce knit-
ting in the round using circular needles
and doubl e points, calor knitting, lace,
and cables. How to repair dropped st itch-
es and ripping out are
al so addresse d. As the
reader's skill improves,
more complex patterns are
presented. Not t o be forgot-
ten is a section on finishing,
including picking up stitches,
blocking, graft ing, and several
seaming methods. Again, many colorful
phot ographs take the reader through
each step of the process.
Then, like icing on the cake, there is a
comprehensive section on crochet. Like
the knitting part of the book, it progresses
from the most basic to more compl ex and
includes pattern stitches and projects.
Learning to knit or crochet is exci t-
ing and chall enging, and the authors of
Knitting & Crocheting have worked hard
to make it easy. Much care has gone into
translating quick motions of the hand
into many detail ed photographs. If you
are learning to knit and crochet from a
book, thi s one would be a great choice!
- Maggie Casey
24 I S PI N . 0 F F I w ww. I ~ T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l

48793 Chilliwack Lake Road, Chilliwack, B.C., Canada V4Z I A6
Telephone (604) 858-6020
Call Toll Free 1-877-898-2273 for free brochure, 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. our time (Pacific Time)
Pat has been personally handcrafting fine carders for over 10 years.
• Comes with the famous "Fur" drum for all delicate fibers.
The most popular and versatile of all hand-turned carders,
named for Deb Menz who encouraged the development of its
special 30: I carding and blending ratio, which makes it so
efficient for carding all medium wools and exotics.
• Interchangable "Production" drum can be added for
processing strong fibers.
• Infeed drum spirally wrapped, with no unproductive groove
as found in many lower quality carders.
• Unique 9Y4inch wooden infeed pulley.
• Hardrock maple frame and solid laminated drums.
• Anti-friction bearings for smooth and effortless
• Supplied with table clamps. cleaning brush. and doffer stick.
• Operating instructions and over 20 pages of comprehensive
"Carding Notes" included.
Spinning for Softness and Speed
Now available from Paula. $20 U.s., price includes postage.
CALL PAULA TOLL FREE, 877-898-2273
for prices, free brochure, or for
information about our equipment.
SEE OUR WEBSITE: patgreencarders.com
for photos and details about:
Does your carder have
dental problems?
Since carder teeth have a "knee".
they will bend back and rise above
the normal tooth surface if
damaged by matted bunny fur.
burrs, or badly tangled (unpicked)
fibers. For realigning bent teeth.
use a draftsman's propelling pencil
with its lead removed. Slip the
pencil over the tooth and move
it gently into place.
F A L L 2 0 0 6 I S PI N . 0 F F I 25

er In
t seems my life has re-
volved around wheels," says
Dave Paul of The Merlin
Tree, "as a teenager I cycled
where friends drove. " Dave
started his career in 1968 as a
teacher, then took to managing
an international bicycle tour-
ing company, Vermont Bicycle
Touring. His life spun back
around as he returned to teach-
ing part-time while working at
home refurbishing old wood-
and-canvas canoes.
Dave Paul tapering a replacement gunwale tip.
Dave purchased his home, a one-room
Vermont sc hoolho use and the future
locati on of The Merlin Tree. in 1971. In
1994 he marri ed Kathl ecn, and they
added more rooms to the property. The
"great room" was devoted t o spinning
and knitting. Asecond story added over
the carriage house became Kathl een's
yarn and fiber shop. Finall y, a building
for the canoes was built.
Many of Kathl een's fri ends love fiber
arts and frequently came over to spin. As
Dave's sho p became functional . they
sta rted bringing him their old and
antique whee ls for repair. He became
very adept at it and began t o buy and
refurbi sh wheels as a hobby. As hi s
collect ion grew. the group suggested that
he show his wheels at the Vermont Sheep
and Wool Festi val. "I restored them so
that they would reall y work," Dave says.
"They' re unlike the refurbished wheels
of the 1950s and 1960s which were
brought back only as decor. " He had a ball
at the fall 2002 show, sold out his stock,
and decided to exhibit at other festivals.
After exper iencing hi s first festi val,
Dave spent a lot of time thinking about
the whee ls he had sold. Many we re
Canadian Pr oducti on Wheels. unique to
the Eastern Townships of sout he rn
Quebec. These Canadian wheels are best
known for their cast -iron treadl es.
tensioner saddles, and iron footment.
Dave decided he could make a true
reproduction. "The wheels were just fine
Jacob sheep, Icelandic sheep, and Cashmere
goats have all been part of The Merlin
Tree flock.
" c,
26 I S PI N . 0 F F I www. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
Wheel Basics
inners test-drive at a wheel-
bui each participant
akes, home
lives in Tarzana, California, with
her dogs Cosmos and Sunny,
who, she regrets, make lousy
tibersources because their hair
is too short.
For more information, contact The Merlin
Tree, 2093 Barton Rd. , Wesl Glover, VT
05875. (802) 754·6433; www.TheMerlin-
Drive-band material: No drive band. The
rubber whorl drives directly off the side of
lhe solid wheel.
Standard ratio: 7.1:1. Optional ratios:
Orifice height from the fioor: 17'/."
Orifice size: %"
Bobbin length: 4%"
Flyer width between arms: 41J4"
Flyer hooks: 6 stationary guides per arm
Model name: The HitchHiker
Current retail price: Base model $259
Wood type: Ballic birch, ash, tulipwood,
cherry, and butternut. Other woods optional.
Finish: Unfinished or single coat of leak
oil. Other finishes optional.
Drive type: Friction drive
Treadle type: Single treadle, left or right
foot options
Standard accessories: Orifice hook,
3 bobbins, and onboard lazy kate
Options: Specially wood lrim or
paint finishes
Drive-wheel diameter: 14"
Total height: 19%" it is airline
compatible and will fit in a standard large
canvas tote.
Bobbin core diameter: %"
Connect icut Sheep &
Wool Festival. "I felt
overwhelmed at the
response!"he says.
Dave still teaches
middle school sci-
ence half-time and
devot es even more
hours to his business.
Dave continues to re-
furbish old canoes,
all the while trying to
keep up wit h the
demands of his fi ber
cl ients. He loves
being fl exibl e and meeting people' s
needs. "I found somet hing that I enjoy
doing. I get a great deal of sat isfaction
in making t hi ngs that people can use,
especially when I get to wor k wit h the
person who is going to use it." Y!
the way they were. Ther e wasn't any
reason to improve on them,"Dave says.
Dave spent a lot of time analysing a
group of wheels, carefully measuring all
the parts and the angles, then averaging
them to design his protot ype. After
tweaking his plan, Dave was surprised to
find that the fini shed result closely
resembled a wheel in his collection.
Locating a supplier for the cast-iron
t readles was more di ffi cult. "It became a
life-force of its own," Dave says. He finally
teamedwith Schloss Furnaces, a national
landmark foundry in Birmingha m,
Alabama. Devot ed to educating ap-
prentices in the old way of ironwork, they
were an ideal match for hi s purposes.
Schloss's hist ori call y correct out put
helped make it hard to tell the difference
between Dave's reproductions and the
origi nals.
Once the tr eadles were ordered, The
Merlin Tree was fully committed to the
spinning wheel business. Dave limi ted
his t readle order to a quantity he felt was
manageable but not a burden, if his
venture failed. He needn't have worried,
though; to date he's sold forty-eight of
t he fi fty Canadian reproduction wheels
origi nally planned in 2002. Dave is
currently developing a new design to
replace his Canadian reproduction
The Merlin Tree is also well known fo r
"The Hit chhiker," a spinning wheel
desi gned and executed by Dave. His plan
was to make a seriously portable, rea-
sonably priced wheel that didn't take it-
self too seriously. With it s carrying
handle cut out in t he shape of a fist with
its thumb st uck out, and a foot-
shaped tr eadle, the wheel was certai nly
Dave took his prototype to Kathleen's
spinning guild for input in Ap ril 2005.
"They suggested specific changes that
made a real difference," he said. One
involved the addition of an onboard lazy
kate. When one of the women at t he
meeting posteda picture of it on her blog,
the phone orders started. He sold another
eight soon after that at the 2005
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 27
Schacht Spindle Company products are available
through a network of dealers. The knowledge they
have to share with you and the services they have to
offer ma ke them a great place topurchase our
spinning wheels and spinning supplies. Stop by and
visit them and pick up your copyof our beautiful full -
color catalog. Here is a list of some of our dealers
whohawcontributed tothis advertisement.

Far North Fibers
Anchorage AK 99508
fa mort hfibers@ala ska.com
WWI\' .famor rhfiben.rom
The Fiber Factory
Mesa, AZ 85201
888-969-9276 480-969-4>46
wwwJ iberfac tor y.com
Ancient Pathways
Fresllo; CA 93728
infor @ancientpathways. net
Boulder Creek Yarn
Boulder Creek?CA 95006
831- 338- 36h
boulderc reek ya rn@aoLcom
Carolina Homespun
San Francisco, CA94112
Sarramenro, CA 95814
ASimpler Time
El Cajoc, CA 91021
619-579-91 14
fax 619-579-2113
asi mpier time(g"alpaca tUS.com
wwv.a simplertimemilLcom
VilIag,e Spinning &
Solvang. CA 9346,
888-686- 1192805-686- 1192
The Weavers' Coerage
CanyonCounny, CA 91)90
fax 661-250-9444
West Valley Alpacas
Esparto, CA 95627
fax 530-662-1220
mailiQ westvalleyalpacas,com
DJ's FiberCrafts
Florence, CO 81226
fax 719-784-9, 52
djsfiberc rafts@:earthli nk.net
DoubleK Diamond
Wellington, CO 80549
970-568- ,747
fax 970-568-0716
Green Valley
ColoradoSrri ngs, CO 80904
800-457-8559, 719-448-996,
The Recycled Lamb
Lakewood, co 802 15
, O,-2)4. 9B7
Shuttles, Spindles
& Skeins
Boulder, CO 80,05
800-28,-416, , 0).494-1071
Table Rock Llamas
Fiber Arts Srudio
Colorado Springs, CO 80908
fax 719-495-5924
tablerockllamasfq msn.com
www. tabletccklla mas .rcm
Working Hands
for FiberArts
Easmn, er 0661 2
The Sheep Shed
Nampa, ID 8, 687
Fine Line CACenrer
St. Cha rles , IL 601 75
fax 6)0-584-9490
fineli neCA@:aol.com
The Fold
Marengo,IL 601 52
fax 8[5-568-5)42
thefold@: me.net
Sheep Street Fibers, Inc.
Martinsville , IN 46151
812-597-5648fax 812-597-5788
www. sheepstreet.rom
Trading Post for
Fiber };rts
Pendletcn, IN 46064
fax 765-778-6911
tradingpostfiber@ aol. corn
Rose Tree Fiber Shop
Ames, lA 50014
reset ree @rnidiowa.net
Yarn Barn of Kansas
Lawrence, KS 66044
fax 785-842-0794
Designs in Textiles
l. ouis ville, KY 4020,
fax 502-212-7504
info@designsintex tiles,com
Halcyon Yarn
Bath, ME 045)0
800-34 1-028 2
fax 207-442-06B
servicera hakyonyarn.com
The Drafting Zone
Bowie, MD 20715
, OI-464-5B8
Forestheart Studio
Woodsboro, MD 2[798
(near Frederick)
, 01-485-4447
Vulcan's Rest Fibers
Chesapeake City, :\ol D 21915
info@vulca os rest.com
Ewe-nique Knits
Royal Oak, MI 48067
eweniq uek nils@sbcglobal.net
Hetitag; Spinning
& WeavIng
Lake Orion} MI 48,,62
info@heritagespi nning.com
Spinning Lofr
Howell, MI 4884"
51 7-540-1)44
Ar Loose Ends
Perham, MN 565B
218-346-Y (927 6) & fax
Creative Fibers
Minneapolis, .MN 554[9
fax 612-927-5428
Detta's Spindle
Maple Plain, MN 55 359
877-640-161 2
76,,-479- 16 12
dettm pindle@yahoo.com
Yesterday's Crafts
Avon, MN 56310

baaahacres(g msn.corn
Carol Leig],' s
Hillcreek'Fiber Srudio
Columbia, MO 6520"
Weaving Depr/
Myers House
Elonssant, :\010 6-'0" I
(near St. Louis)
Wool Ridge
)ampesporl, MO 64648
Willows & Wool
Corva!lis, Mt 59828
fax 406-961-14B
fis hmontana @msn.com
The Yarn Shop
Bozeman, MT 597 [5
ba rb@bozema nyarnshop.com
bozerna nyarnshop.com
The Plum Nelly
Hastings, NE 6890 1
The Yarn Tree
Brooklvn, NY 1121 1
info@then rntree.com
www.t he.:arntree.com
Conover Workshops
Parkman, OH 44080
Fax 440-548-2721
info@conoverworks hops.com
wwwoconoverwor kshops.com
The Web-sters
As hland, OR 97520
fax 541-488-8318
websterslg mied. net
Woodland Woolworks
CarIton, OR 97[1[
800-547-,, 725
info@woolworks. com
Knitters Underground
Centre Hall, PA 16828
Fax 877-474-0027
Labadie Looms
Bird- In- Hand, PA 17505
lambobaa(ghot mail .com
The Mannings
East Berlin, PA IB I6
800-2B -7166 - orders
info@the-mannings. com
www. the-mannings.com
Sheepstone Natural
Darlmgtcn, PA [6[ IS
Sream Valley
Fiber Farm
I rout Run, PA 1777 [
Twist Knitting
and Spinning
:';' ewHope, PA [8938
Jane's Fiber
and Beads
Afton (GreenviHe), TN , 7616
fax 425-6,,8-5676
ja ne@j anesfiberandbeads.com
Rainbow Yarn
& Fibres
Ger mamo wn, I N ,,8 [,,8
spinnut@beJlsout h,net
Heritage Arts
Grandview, TX 76050
81 7-866-2772
heri tarts@aol.com
her itageartstex as .com
Whire Rock
Weaving Center.
Dall as, I X 75218
214-,20-YARN (92761
Three Wishes Fiber
Arcs ,LLC
Wesl )ordan, VI 84084
fax 80[-748-1882
kwazimor0 56@yahoo.com
Holly Spring Homespun
Powhat an, VA 2"139
fax 804-598-5563
www.hullyspri nghomespun.com
Misty Mountain Farm
Amissville , VA 20106
540-9 -'7-20[06
infolQmis tymountain
www.mistymountain farm.com
Serendipity Farm
& Studio
Suffolk, VA 2HH
Stony Mountain Fibers
Charlonesville, VA 229 11
4H-195-2008 70, -880-7009
Northwest Handspun
BeHingham, WA 98215
,60-101-514 1
Paradise Fibers
Spoka ne, W/ A 99224
888-,,20-SPIN(77 46)
paradise fibers@yahoo.com
The Weaving Works
Seatt!e, WA 98105
fax 206-524-0250
weaviogwor ks@speakeasy.net
Apple Hollow Fiberarts
Sturgeon Ba y, \XI I 542,5
888-,24-8 302
Bahr Creek Llamas/
Fiber Studio
Cedar Grove, WI BOI)
920-668-641 7
The Fiber Garden
Black River Falls, Wl 546[ 5
71 5-284.4590
71 5-299..Q264 (c)
Mielke's Fiber Arts,
\XII 54475
715-4:1 5-4494
andrea rg mi elkesfiberarts.com
www.mielkesfa rm.com
Gaspereau Valley
WolfviJle, NS MP 2N5
877-lifibres (877-6.'4-27m
iulieiQ gaspereauvalleyfi bres.corn
Gemini Fibres
Mount Albert, ONLOG LMO
fax 905-47).6544
Shurrleworks, Ltd.
Dewinton (Calgary), AB,
fax 40,-9,,8-1021
ma il @shuttleworks.com
Friedrich Traub
Schorndorfer Str. 18
0 -7-' 650 Wimerbach
fax 07181-709111
Oribiro Weaving
1-24-H, Uenoshiba-cho
Sakai-s hi, Osaka 59.J.8?o01
fax 0722-4, -6709
L.D.H. Handweaving
Fine Center
191-4 Chang Chung Dong 2-KA
Chung-Ku, Seoul, Korea
fax 02-2272- 1-'78
George Wen
& Sons, Ltd.
1Old Portsmouth Rd
Peasmarsh, Guildford
GV, ILZ, England, K
(44) [48,-565800
fax (44) i483-565807
sa les@fibrecraft s.co.uk
Scotsweave of
The Manse
Cha pel of Garioch
lnverune, Aberdeenshire
AB51 5HE Scotland UK
(44) [467-681527
scctswea veofaberdeen@
btinternet .com
28 I S PI N . 0 F F I www. 1 N T E R W E AV E . C 0 1'>1
Beautifully Crafted
A Delight to Spin On

Single Treadle
Double Treadle
S chachl-Reeves
24" SIngle Treadle
Ash: also avail able In
Cherry or Double Treadle
30" Double Treadle
Cherry: a lso available
in Ash or Single Treadle
Sch uch t Spindle Com pHn y, I n c . ·61 0 1 B en Plac e· Bciutcr er. CO 8 0 301 - 303-4 42-3212
E m a i l : I n fo@s c h <,tch l s p i n d le .com Web: www.schachtsplndl e .com
SP R I N C 2006 1 S P I N · O F F I 29
Plyin Chaine
ommonly known among spin-
~ ners as "Navajo-plying,' plying
chained singles produces a three-ply
yarn from a bobbin of singles yarn
and is accomplished by "chaining"
loops; each new loop is drawn
through the previous loop.' With this
technique, you can create three-ply
ya rn from one bobbin of singles
instead of three. You may be familiar
with chaining a warp for weaving,
creating a crochet chain, or making
a chai n stitch in embroidery, but you
can' t make a stable yarn just chain-
ing a strand of spun singles. The
chained singles need sufficient twist
in the opposite direction to balance
the twist of the singles.
1 Though plying chained singles is normally re-
ferred to as "Navajo-plying, " questions have been
raised about the origins of the term and whether
or not it is accurate. Plying chained singles is a de-
scriptive term for making a three-ply yarn froma
singles yarn.
If you've spun a singles yarn from a
variegat ed rovi ng or batt , you can pre-
serve solid sect ions of color in the plied
yarn or gradually move from one calor
t o the next. Plying chained singles re-
duces the length of a color sect ion of
singles yarn to one-third of the original
length. For example, to ply 5 inches of
color, you will need to spin 15 inches
of singles in that color.
If you are trying this technique for the
fi rst time, you may want to practice with
waste yarn- a weaving or knitting mill-
spun yarn or crochet cotton- before
us ing your precious handspun! First
det ermine whet her t he yarn has been
spun S, t he wheel t urni ng t o t he left
(counterclockwise), or Z, the wheel turn-
ing to the right (clockwise), and then ply
in t he opposite directi on.
A preview
Your forward hand will pinch off the
twist , guide it into the chai ned singles,
and roll t he bumps created where the
loops join. Your back hand will form
t he loops.
Start by tying a yard-long leader t o
t he bobbin on the fl yer spindle. Thread
the leader over t he hooks and through
t he orifice. Doubl e back the end of the
leader t o form a 5- inch loop and ti e a
knot. Select a large whorl to give you a
low twist rati o. This allows more control
~ as you practi ce the mot ions. Hold the
" leader and begin to t readle slowly. Check
~ the pull on the leader as it is drawn
~ through the orifice and winds onto the
~ bobbin. Adjust the tension for a slightly
o faster draw-in than you used when
spinning the singles.
Put t he yarn bobbin onto a lazy kate.
I li ke t o pl ace t he kate on the fl oor
between my feet. Draw the end of the
yarn up from the kate and fold it to form
an 8-inch loop. Pass t he yarn loop
t hrough the leader loop (Figure 1). Pull
the yarn loop toward your body with your
back hand, ce nte r ing it over t he yarn
coming from the kate. Pinch the junc-
ture of the loops with the fi ngers of your
30 I S PI N . 0 F F I ww w. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
forward hand, folding back 4 or 5 inch-
es of the beginning of the loop (Figure
2). There are four strands of yarn at the
pinch, count ing the tail from the loop.
Use the thumb and little finger of your
back hand to spread and tension the two
sides of the loop (Figure 3). Pick up the
st rand coming from the kate (the third
ply) with your index finger (Figure 4) .
Begin to t readle slowly in the direc-
tion opposite to which the singles yarn
was spun. Maintain equal tension on all
three plies wit h your spread fingers. As
twist builds up between the orifice and
the fin gers pinching at the end of the
leader, slide the pinch al ong the three
strands without allowing any one st rand
to twist around another (Figure 5). Stop
sliding the pinch when 3 or 4 inches of
loop remain (Figure 6). Move your hands
forward toward the orifice to let the plied
yarn wind onto the flyer bobbin, and then
stop treadling (Figure 7). With the back
hand, pull the st rand coming from the
kate through the loop t o form the next
loop (Figure 8). Pick up the yarn com-
ing from the kate (third ply) wit h your
index finger (Figure 9). Resume tread-
ling and guide the twist along the strands
(Figure 10). Repeat these motions. With
practi ce you will be abl e to increase
To ti ghten the bump formed where
t he loops overlap, roll the join back and
forth between the thumb and index fin-
ger of your forward hand. Rolling the
join lets in extra twist, minimi zing the
size of the bump.
A three-ply yarn needs about th ree -
fourths of the twists per inch that were
put in the singles. If the singles yarn has
not been resting on the bobbin before
plying, you can test the twist by letting
12 t o 15 inches of plied yarn hang wit h-
out tension between your hand and the
orifi ce. You want a relaxed yarn that
doesn't twist in either direction. How-
ever, some of the twist energy has been
set if the singles yarn has been stored on
the bobbin for several hours or more. If
so, to t est for the amount of twist, take
about 3 feet of the singles and fold the
yarn to make 1 foot of three-pl y, knot
both ends, and put it into water to allow
the twist energies to balance. Match the
ply twist to this sample. Or, save a three-
ply sample for comparison whe n spin-
ning the singles.
Loops can be large or small. If you are
plying yarn with color sequences, watch
for the color changes. Adjust the loop
size to place colors where you would like
them to appear; pull more yarn from the
kate to lengthen loops, or pull less to
make shorter loops.
Treadle slowly to give your hands time
to form loops or adjust colors . As you
form loops, you may see thick or thin
sect ions. Compensate by altering the
S P R I N C 2006 I S PIN· 0 F F I 31
loop length; place a thick sect ion
between two thin st rands, or let three
thin strands meet at the bump of joining
If your back hand finds manipulating
the loops awkward, reversing hands may
help. As you become comfo rtable wit h
the motions, you' ll develop a smoot h,
faster treadling rhythm. To pause while
plying, keep the working loop open by
placing the sides of the loop around the
hooks on the fl yer, or put the loop over
a knob. Wind the plied yarn onto a niddy-
noddy and cut it free at the leader loop.
Pull out any unattached strands and t ie
a knot to prevent raveling, 16
DODl E RUSH learned to spin on a rented wheel
when she attended her fi rst SOAR(Spin-Off
Autumn Retreat) in 1990. She lives in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with her husband,
Cory, who took the photos (or this article.
Fournier, Nola, and Jane Fournier.ln Sheep's
Clothing. Loveland, Colorado: Interweave
Press, 1995.
lrwin, Bobbi e. The Spinners Companion.
Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press,
32 I S PI N . 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
Spinning Wheels
Tom &Diane Golding
Mcadowswcct Farm
849 Saxtans River Road
Saxtons River, VT 05154
Single Flyer Model, Rati os up to 18:1
"Flockof the Shepherdess"
Iriple Flyer Model, Ratios up 10 33:I

Spindies Ihirty Iwo differenl spindles to choose from, offering
hand carved designs
beautiful solidwoods aswell as
several hand painted spindles. I
Precision Fiber Tools
Lazy KoteI
for drop spindleplying
SinglePointed Needles
e t
KniNing Needle(ose
Lazy Kate 11
for spinningwheel plying
• Innovative Construction
witt: 58 scaled ball beariogs
for smooth operation
Cherrywith Walnut, Maple, andPurpl eheorl
36" Fuur HarnessJack Loom Mal(hing Benth
hasadjustable heightwith
four tilti ng positions
• 2 Piece Construction
• lIandearved and built
oneat a time
Floor Looms
Of and

Nova Scotia's woolly history
HEEP AND SHIPWRECKS have a long history in Nova Scotia, a storm or two longer
than that of sheep and foresters , and only a few years longer than that of sheep and
Atlantic Ocean
Prince Edward
- p ;l , Ballantyne's ~

• Port Mouton
- ..
... t r .
. sco\ \7>. ~ ,
~ o ' ' ' ' ,,,u',,.....
,A • Halifax

tr oduced to help increase the chances of
survival of the shipwrecked sailors. The
move was almost certainly in response
to one particularly sorry spring when the
townsfolk from the mainland had to bury
twenty-one frozen bodies, one of whom
was crouched over a pil e of kindling
sticks holding a flint and steel.
Spinning all day
Atapest ry of mor e gentee l early nine-
teenth-century life was woven by farm
gi rl Louisa CoIIi ns who wrote in her diary
during October and November 1815:
"Yesterday nothing happened wort hy of
notice. I was spinning all day. " "Today
I have been spinning nearly all day." "I
don't think I shall get rheumatism in my
fingers for want of exercise, for I have
been in my spinning room all day.. . . "
Then at the end of the latt er month
she continued: "I have been sitt ing knit-
ting near all day. " "Housework and knit-
ting have been most of my employment
today.... " She also pi cked berries, made
wine, churned butter, and washed
clothes, but the aut umn months were
dedicated to processing wool from her
family's fl ock of thirty sheep for the un-
ending supply of mi ttens, socks, mufflers,
and sweaters that her family required. In
this light, it can be understood why Wai-
ter Johnstone from Prince Edward Island
felt the need to write letters advising En-
glish famili es against emigrating, for in
his view "their women fr equentl y can
spin neither fl ax, nor wool , and many are
both unable and unwilling to take the hoe."
Although Louisa marri ed a year later
and moved to town, leaving her farm

Port Mouton on the province's island-
dotted sout h shore got it s name from
an unlucky sheep that drowned in its
waters, It is also where the first pair of
domesti c sheep landed 400 years ago.
Time-blurred details leave it uncl ear as
to whether these two wethers were flock
mates of the poor drowned creature and,
t herefore, missed out on immortality by
the sheer luck of survival. The three-
some, however, launched the meteoric
rise, by importation and natural instinct,
~ in the population of sheep in Nova Sco-
~ tia to a stunning 400,000 by the time of
~ confederation in 1867.
:: Sheep were a necessary commodity
~ in a province lapped by the tail end of the
~ cold Labrador Current during the long
; inhospitabl e winters. Fishermen, farm-
~ ers, and lumbermen and their wives and
: children who tended to the animals, the
~ vegetable gardens, and all manner of do-
-e mestic tasks, depended upon the animals
8 for survival. Oxfords, Shropshires, and
~ Leicest ers were the leading breeds irn-
~ ported by the British in the eighteent h
'" and nineteenth centuries and were often
~ grazed offsho re, leaving an imprint of
6: their lives on place-names such as
~ Shearpen Neck, Mutton Islands, and Ram
< Island. On these islands, t he restl ess
-;:; ocean actedas fencing, natural predators
~ were limited to those on the wing, and
" t he nutri ents in kelp made for piquant
> fl avored meat and fine crimped fl eeces.
< On t he deadly Seal Island and its
6 neighboring Mud Islands, sheepwere in-
" ---'" c,
A Nova Scotian woman spinning
on a great wheel.
Sheep grazing by the sea in
Ballantyne's Cove, N va Scotia.
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N· 0 F F I 35
Grand Banks fishing schooner, "Bluenose".
MeClare, Dale, ed. The 181,5 Diary ofa Nova
Scotia Farm Girl: Louisa Collins ofColin
Grove, Dartmouth. Dartmouth, Nova Sco-
t ia: Brook House Press, 1997.
Perry, Zella. Sheep Shearing and Shipwrecks:
Seal Island, Noua Scotia. Bible Hill, Nova
Scotla: Zella Perry, 1998.
Reid, Stanford, ed. The Scottish Tradition in
Canada. Toronto: McClelland and Stew-
art, 1976.
Zinck, Jack. Shipwrecks ofNova Scotia, Vo!.
1. Hantsport, Nova Scotia: Lancelot Press,
Statistics Canada
Nova Scctia Agricultural College, www.nsac
Nova Scotia Public Archives, www.gov.ns
The pedigree of the other wheel took some
sleuthing, but eventually I determined that
it was an unsigned wheel made by John-
ny or Frank You ng. This famil y made
chairs from the 1840s that they sold for a
dollar apiece. Their wheels were relative-
ly expensive at five dollars and had racy
red and black bands paint ed on their legs
and wheel rims. These two wheel makers
were not alone in thi s part of the world;
there were at least a dozen more, and
there were also many homemade walki ng
wheels in use. One Prince Edward Island
maker numbered all of his wheels, and
wheels with numbers higher than 600
have been found.
None of these fa milies make wheels
today, however, and there are only 13,400
sheep roaming t he province, including
Scottish Blackface, North Country Cheviot,
Hexham Leicester, and Clun Forest. The
ewes at Cole Harbour Heritage Farm from
whom I get my annual stash of fl eece are
better known, however, as Wiggl es, Olive,
Pippi Longstocking, and so on; they are
a hybrid fl ock and are typi cal of all but 5
percent of the province's sheep popula-
ti on. From t heir locks, I make war m,
sturdy sweaters, mitts, and fe lted slippers
for my active family, just as Louisa and
thousands of other women have over the
400 years since t he fi rst two wet hers
landed in Port Mouton. \Si
KATE LANGAN spins and writes in Dartmouth,
Nova Scotia, Canada.
Learn more about the photographer,
Wallace R. MacAskill (1887-1956), at
http:/ /www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/virtual/
macaskill /essay.asp?La ngua9e-En9Iish.
Wallace R. MacAsl<il1
waterwheel is the t hird one in
use since the mill opened in
Wheel makers
In my own workshop, beside 1870s
itinerant weavers' heddl es, si t two antique
spinning wheels, an unsi gned Young and
a signed Macintosh, crafted by two of the
province's better known wheel makers.
Al exander Macintosh lived and worked in
Pictou County, where the fi rst Scottish im-
migrants landed in 1773. The earliest ver-
sion of his Scottish style double-drive belt
wheel is dated 1809, and his son is known
to have worked until the 1870s. Mywheel
is a beautifully balanced creature built by
l.S. Macintosh, the son, and is dated 1814.
Woolen underwear
In 1870, Charles Stanfie ld
opened the Truro Woollen
Mill, the fi rst knitting mill in
Canada. A consummate in-
ventor, Cha rles made some
waves in the underwear busi-
ness wit h his famous "drop
seat" long johns, but it was
only when his sons invented
2!"----,. shri nk-proof wool and corn-
bined it wit h t heir fa t he r's
"drop seat" t hat they were
inked indeli bly into history.
The Klondike Trail of 1898, a
household name t hanks to
Jack London, made the little Nova Scotia
company fa mous; barely a man with the
glint of gold in his eye left civilizat ion
without warm, heavy, woolen Stanfie ld's
underwear. There are old, grainy, black-
and-whi te photos of st rings of them
st ripped down to this underwear as they
struggle up Chi lkoot Pass wit h 700
pounds of gear and winter closi ng in fast.
Stanfie ld's Woollen Mill is st ill in busi -
ness, 135 years later.
- --
work behind, the gene rations of rural
women who remained would have been
thrill ed at the colony's burgeoning en-
trepreneuri al spirit. Farsi ghted busi-
nessmen were striving to overcome the
economic and legislative obstacles of set-
ting up textile industries. The home gov-
ernment in Bri tain preferred to have the
resource-rich colonies dependent upon
it for the ir textil e needs, t her eby bol-
stering its own powerful indust ry. Per-
severance was required in the outposts
of the British Empire and the success is
evi dent in the fact that forty- fi ve years
later Nova Scotia boasted seventy-seven
carding mills and numerous weaving
mills, and t he new country's first knit-
ting mill was gearing up. The itinerant
weavers, who in the old Scottis h style
would travel between isolated homes car-
rying their heddles and beate rs, were
rapidly being put out of business.
Glimpses of thi s busy time have been
preserved for us to enjoy. On display at
the Barrington Woollen Mill are exam-
ples of the spinning jacks and water-pow-
ered looms that broke the shackles of the
old count ry. The Wil e Carding Mill , in
Bridgewater, still operates as a summer
attract ion, using t he origi nal picking,
carding, and batting machines that cut
the women's work of a week down to one
hour. The seven-horsepower overshot
36 I S PI N . 0 F F I WW W. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
Quality spinning tools since 1976
The Lendrum folding wheel is the ideal first wheel be-
cause it is easy to learn on and you will never outgrow
it. The smooth balanced doubl e treadl e action is as easy
as pedaling a bicycle and will let you spin for hours. The
regular flyer that comes with the wheel is the right speed
to get started, not too fast and not too slow. Later. as
your skills increase, you can buy other flyers and heads
that will do any kind of spinning that you can imagine.
This wheel has the widest range of flyer speeds available,
from 5 up to 44 . This wheel has scotch tension which is
the easiest system to adj ust. The rubber dri ve band sets
its own tension so you don't need to bother with it. You
simply adj ust the brake to have the thread pull in the
way you want it.
We use hard mapl e to build this wheel and fini sh it
w ith acrylic lacquer to insure a long and reliabl e life.
When you are ready for a dream wheel ---......
our saxony is worth dreaming about. It is
available in your choice of walnut. cherry
or maple and it is sold unfinished so you
can fini sh it to match its new home.
Don't let the good looks fool you! This
is very much a working wheel. When you
first sit to spin you will feel like you don't
need to treadl e because the big w heel
goes by itself. You have your choice of
either a doubl e drive head or a scotch
tension head. We can build your wheel
w ith the head on the left or on the right
to suit the way you spin.
403 Millhaven Rd. Odessa ON Canada KOH 2HO
gord@'endrum.ca /613) 386-7151 http://www.lendrum.ca
Why do we call it a folding wheel?
Because it folds as easy as 1, 2, 3.
J Unscrew the hand knob and pull it out.
2 Gently lower the frame down to the floor.
3 Screw the hand knob into the other hole.
In 14 seconds th e
wheel is ready to go
in the car or under
the bed.
Where to find one?
These wheels are sold by local craft stores throughout Canada and the USA.
You can find them at the dealers below or check our website for a complete list.
Pams Wooly Shop
5107 50th St .
Stoney Plain, AB T7Z 1TS
(7801 963-1559
(8881 563-1559
Homespun Haven
4165 Round Prairie Rd.
Armstrong. BC VOE 184
{lSO' 546-3224
Sun Bench Fibres
#1-8979 Broadway St.
Chilliwack. BC Vlr SV9
Honeysuckle Fibre Arts
9600 Tliird St.
Sidney. BC vst, 2Z9
Gemini Fibers
Mount Albert. ON lOG I MO
fBOOI 564-9665
The Yarn Source
RR1, 2661 Hwy_62
Bloomfield, ON KOK 1GO
Fiber Factory
150 W. Main
Mesa, AZ 85201
f4801 969-4346
Southwest Corner
PO Box 418
Bisbee. AZ 85201
Carolina Homespun
455 Lisbon St .
San Francisco. CA 941 12
Village Spinning &
Weaving Shop
425-B Alisal Rd.
Solvang. CA 93463
f8881 686-1192
211 Green Mountain Dr.
Livermore. CO 80536
(9701 482-7746
toll-free (877) 586-9332
Shuttles Spindles &
635 S. Broadway, Unit E
Boulder. CO 80303
13031 494-1071
Sylvie COX
2A825 Fairwa.Y Dr.
Buena Vista. cO 8121 I
Haneke Wool Fashions
630 N. Blackcat Rd.
Meridian. ID 83642
(2081 888-3129
(2081 888-2776 fax
The Fold
3316 Millstream Rd.
Marengo. IL 60152
French Hill Farm
PO Box 82
Solon. ME 04979
(2071 643-2540
PO Box 147
Northampton. MA 01061
(8001 367-9327
Maple Row Farm
1051) C1ine Rd.
Sherwood. MI 49089
(5171741 -7434
Dettas Spindle
2592 Geggen-Tina Rd .
Maple Plain. MN 55359
The Fiber Studio
9 Foster Hill Rd . Box 637
Henniker. NH 03242
16031 428-7830
The Wool Room at
Meadow Brool( Farm
218 Pleasant St .
Antrim. NH 03440
16031 588-6637
I<athr.yn Alexander
1302 Jolmsonville Rd .
Jcrmscnvnre. NY 12094
15181 753-4094
Limekill Enterprises
RD#1 Box 146 Richard Rd.
Schoharie. NY 12157
Sheep and Wool Shop
4849 C::orY Corners
Marion. NY 14505
13151 926-5765
The Wool Room
172 Joes Hill Rd.
Brewster. NY 10509
18451 279-7627
Jehovah Raah Farm
204 Dogwood Rd .
Candler. NC 2871 5
18281 665-2242
The Little House
1927 N. Main St.
Clyde. OH 43410
Woodland Woolworks
100 E. Washington
Carlton. OR 97111
18001 547-3725
1132 Green Ridge Rd .
PO Box 687
East Berlin. PA 173 I 6
Jane's Fiber and Beads
5415 E. Andrew Johnston HWy.
Afton. TN 37616
(8881 497-2665
Suzanne Roddy
123 Tumbleweed Trail
Fredericksburg. TX 78624
f8301 990-4629
Tralfamadore Farm
and Studio
15030 N. Mountain Rd .
Broadway. VA 22815
Serendipity Farm
980 Cypress Chapel Rd .
Suffolk. VA 23434
(7511 986-2010
e-mail: sheepman.gte.net
Springwater Fiber
820 N. Fair{ax St .
Alexandria. VA 22314
(7031 549-3634
Paradise Fibers
919 W. Paradise Rd.
Spokane. WA 99224
The Weaving Works
4717 BrookjynAve. NE
seatne. WA 98105
(2061 524-1221
Susans Fiber Shop
N250 HwyA
Columbus. WI 53925
P&M Woolcraft
Pindon End Cottage
Pindon End. Hanslope
Milton Keynes UI<
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S PIN . 0 F F I 39
Whenever I t each, I arrive early and
arrange the chairs in a wide circle. Spin-
dl es are placed in front of eac h chair
along with eight ounces of good-quality
fl eece and fli ckers for preparing the fiber.
I have everything ready fifteen minutes
before class begins. Then I sit and spin
a few yards. Almost as soon as I begin to
treadle I move into the center of myself,
the tensions of my day slip away. As my
students arrive, I touch each one in
some unobtrusive way-a palm pressed
against a shoulde r. It's important t o
remember everyone's name. I introduce
them to each other and ask them about
themselves . I suggest they begin pre-
paring their fl eece as we talk and show
them how.
To t each is to have power. When we
decide to learn something new, we are
off balance. I've had teachers who have
helped me learn the subject matter.
Then, there are those exceptional teach-
ers who have left me feeling good about
myself. Th e t eacher has the power t o
harm or heal. I've seen a teacher bring
a st udent to t ears, pronouncing her
incapabl e of learning thi s relati vely
simple skill. In the role of a t eacher,
everyt hing we say has a bigger impact
than we realize.
Some teachers have not healed the
wounds they received whe n they were
st udents. Now, as teachers, they use their
power t o hurt their pupils. Ot he rs may
use humor they think is funny, but in
fact it is humiliating. And others are sim-
ply not aware of when they need to cri-
tique and when support is required. And
a few always praise one or two students
without realizing others are losing heart.
I most enjoy t eaching beginners.
Many of them stared spellbound at fairs
watching as demonstrat ors sat treadling
bli ssfull y. My st udents want to be that
woman in the dirndl dress. Their expec-
tation is a burden on me but an even
bi gger one for them. Fear sli ps ove r
them like cold metal armor. And the
Randy Chelsey leaching spinni ng at the Gold-
en Fleece Shop in Santa Cruz, California.
Learning about students and myself
STUDENT HAD BEEN INVITED t o t each a s pinning class and asked
me for gu ida nce. "First of all." I t old her, "be profici ent. " Un less the
knowledge has become incorporated into the very cells of her fingers,
I guarantee her that as she st ands in fr ont of this group, she wi ll spin worse
than she has ever s pun in her life. It is one thing t o spin at home; it 's some-
thing else t o st and in front of peopl e who are st ar ing at every movement you
make. She had fi ve months, plenty of t ime, t o gain profi ci ency. I suggested
that she spin an hour every day.
mind starts to cycle through doubts-
"Can I do it ? Of course I can' t . What
madness made me think I could? And
now I' ve got thi s wheel that cos ts
hundreds of doll ars and classes paid for
and oh-my-goodness!"
I tell my students, "Everybody learns."
I use ge ntle humor, and when I gently
move to the center of their fear and put
a name on it, they laugh. With the
laughter, they begin to breathe and their
fears start to dissipate. The conce rn that
they will be the only one who doesn't
learn diminishes.
Watching each new st ude nt learn
fascinat es me. The way each of them
approac hes life is reveal ed in their
beginner movements. I can usuall y t ell
how they will spin by the way they enter
the room. And wit h t his knowl edge
comes responsibility. I must come t o
them tende rly, ce lebra t ing sma ll suc-
cesses, offering ge nt le correcti ons. As
they relax, their fingers learn to listen to
the fiber and respond. When they get it ,
a glee ful expression cove rs their faces
and they let loose wit h an unrestrained
"hooray!" I' ve seen the most sedate
students leap in the air.
A few st udents open immediate ly t o
the wool in their hands. They are awake
t o the feel of fibers moving, sliding
through their fingers. These people move
from a qui et place inside themselves.
Some st udents can't let go. They be-
lieve the curled mass gripped in their
sweaty palm is an inanimate ent ity that
must be forced into yarn. They use their
fingers to twist the wool, not able to sur-
render to the process. As more andmore
twist is insert ed they wonde r why it 's
overspun. These peopl e are survivors.
They've had to make their lives happen
through sheer effort, sometimes against
impossibl e odds.
Still others hold themselves back and
away; the yarn thins and breaks as t he
spindle drops again and again. The fiber
drifts t hrough their fingers. They don't
reali ze they are in charge. They haven't
acce pted that they belong at t he center
of their activity.
S P R I N C 2006 I S PI N· 0 F F I 41
And then there are those who need a
scient ific explanat ion of how har d to
twist and how often. I offer a few facts;
they are afraid to proceed without num-
bers. These people are often "A" students.
They've learned to rely on their excellent
minds to find their way through new sit-
uat ions. Other ways of knowing have
taken a back seat.
In learni ng to spin, a healing takes
place that permeates every part of a per-
son's life. If s impossible to isolate one
area. The controllers have learned to let
go a little, the drifters learn to hold on,
and the academics remember other ways
of knowi ng.
It's only with practice that newspin-
ners improve. Most do. But a few spend
their time trying to smooth already
formed yarn. "It's li ke li fe," [ tell them,
"you can't undo the past: '
Everyone learns at different rates and
can benefit by having things broken
down and explained again, but there are
always students who catch on right away.
As a teacher, I need to balance the ex-
ci tement of the quick learners with sup-
port for those who need more time.
When [ was learning to spin, [ was very
slow to catch on. 1had never held fi ber
or tools before learning to spi n, not even
a hammer. It took me longer to under-
stand the process of turning raw fl eece
into yarn than it did for anystudent that
I've ever instructed. If I had been ig-
nored, or ifanyone had been curt or too
busy to help me when [ was learning, I
probably would never have returned to
spinning, but fortunately, I had a won-
derfully warm teacher, Lou Grantham.
After twenty-five years of teaching, I
can stand by a struggling student and
fe el what she or he needs. It may be a
suggest ion about technique. Or that I
notice her holding her breath. 1tell her
to "breathe" and see the rhythm of her
respiration transfer to her hands, and the
yarn becomes smoot h. Somet imes I
suggest that she stop thinking and just
do it, or "slow down, there's no need to
rush," or that perhaps ifs time to walk
away and take a break.
I've watched two women sitting side
by side spinning and produci ng the same
uneven, full -of-slubs yarn. One of them
was ecstatic that the yarn was holding
together, the other was miserabl e that it
was not perfect. And I realized that the
difference was in their perceptions and
their expectations of themselves.
Some st udents comment to them-
selves on thei r progress. These utterings
usually have no relation to how we ll
they're actually doing. Once, I had a new
student who I thought learned quickly.
But as she treadled, I heard her mutter-
ing, "Stupid, never get it, that's not right"
while she was spinning close to perfect
yarn. It made me wonder, "Whose voice
is that?" We can be so hard on ourselves
in a way we would never be toward
Having access into the places where
peopl e judge themselves is a big respon-
sibility. [ amaware that I can hurt them
in their tentative reaching out to learn
somethi ng new. I seek guidance to
remember that when a student annoys
me (and some dol, if s almost always be-
cause she reminds me of myself as a new
learner, and that makes me want to run.
When [ amaware of this, [ become more
accepti ng of both my student and myself.
As I help the student, [ hear my own
words and find myself soothed. I become
my own teacher. 'oS
RANDY CUELSEY spins, knits, andueaoes and
teaches these arts in a small village on the
Califomia coast. She is currently writing a book
on art. craft . andspirituality.
42 I S I' I N · 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 f.l
SP R I N C 2006 1 S P 1 N OF F
The yarn for
these booties
was designed
for both
comfort and
Merike spun
a 2·ply lO'
I (50% coiton,
and 50%
wool) using
a long-draw
through several seasons ei ther learn to
darn (see page 96), learn to knit socks with
heels, toes, and/or soles that can be easi-
ly replaced, or learn to spin a durable yarn
with the comfo rt and appearance factors
in appropriate proportions.
Whil e fibers that have an inherent
dur ability fa ctor are usually either in-
elastic or coarse (or both), careful selec-
tion and blendi ng of these with fi bers for
comfort can ensure a yarn suitable for the
durable, comfortable sock. Another op-
tion is spinning each fibe r separately into
a fine singles and then plyi ng them to-
gether. If inelastic fibers are used by them-
selves (for instance, a cottonlTencel blend
or an alpaca/silk blend), choose to spin
them into a fine very high-twist singles,
then ply into a balanced three- or four-
ply yarn. This will provide elasticity to the
yarn that contributes greatly to the over-
all comfort of the sock.
To blend or to ply?
While the appearance of a blended fiber
yarn is different from that of a yarn of
fi bers spun separately, then plied togeth-
er, the di fference is much less significant
with fine ly spun yarn, especially when
knitt ed into socks and viewed from at
least five fee t away! But the decision to
ei ther blend or ply needs to be made. Of
primary importance is the length of the
The comfort factor of the sock certain-
ly depends on howwell it fits, but the
comfort fact or of the yarn itself con-
tributes to howwell it feels on the foot.
No matter how perfectly the sock fits, it
will not be comfortable if the yarn has
any degree of coarse guard hairs, hard
slubs, or excess twist to the point ofwiri-
ness. The comfort factor of the yarn also
depends on the combinat ion of fiber
selection, preparat ion, and spinning
Durabil ity is the one factor that is of prime
importance to some, a negligible fa ctor
for others, and a mystery to many. Those
who expect their handspun, handknit
socks to be worn regularly and last at least
The easiest factor to control is appear-
ance. While the appearance factor is, in
large part, controlled by the knitting
pattern used, it is still something to
consider in fiber selection, preparation,
and spinning. In select ing fibers, con-
sider the color, luster, and texture. Col or
can be eit her the natural color of the
fiber or dyed. Blending different colors
(or shades, tones, or hues of the color)
can dramati cally enhance the overall ap-
pearance of the color. Lustrous fibers
spun worsted can provide greater stitch
definition in an intricat e pattern and
make colors glow more. Blending some
lustrous fibers with non-lustrous ones is
an option here; for instance, consider a
Merinolsilk blend. Slubby, nubbly, high-
ly textured yarns often aren' t durable and
certainly are not comfo rtable underfoot,
but they look fabulous in the cuff or as
boot toppers or leg warmers.
For instance, if you're knitting a pair
of bed socks for a bed- or wheelchair-
bound friend, durability is not much of
an issue compared to comfort. Here you
can choose to prepare and spin a Merino/
angora blend or almost any lower-twist
woolen yarn that is soft, warm, and comfy.
Ahardworking farmer's boot socks need
to be durable and comfortable and just as
hardworking as the farmer. Worsted-
weight woolen yarn will give more cush-
ioning in boots than a fi ner sportweight
yarn. I've learned that my husband's fa -
vorite boot socks are ones I knitted from
woolen yarn and then fulled slightly. The
fulli ng provides addi tional durability.
Then there are those fancy show-off
socks- the ones you'll wear with sandals
or clogs to demonstrat e your creative
patt erning skills, or the dressier ones of
delicate lace, or the ones with the beaded
silk boucle cuffs . Here, of course, appear-
ance (consider color, texture, weight of
yarn, and Qual ity of the spinni ng and
kni tting) is Qui te important. But the fac-
tors of comfort and at least some dura-
bili ty still need to be taken into consid-
eration, if only for heels, toes, and soles
of the socks. Adash of glitzy, sparkly
nylon blended into almost any other fiber
provides both a showy presentation and
additional durability.
There are specialty socks, too-fulled
slipper socks, baby booties, legwarmers,
and Christmas stockings, to name a few.
And, of course, there are those socks
that will be worn on a regular basis-
with your jeans, jumpers, out in the gar-
den, or walking the dog. Aseriously bal-
anced set of factors of durability, comfort,
and appearance is important here. Always
remember that the three factors can be
combined in varyi ng proportions In
different parts of the sock.
HERE ARE THREE PRIMARY FACTORS to be considered when selecting,
preparing, and spi nning fi bers for sock yarns: appearance, comfor t, and dura-
bil ity. The proportion of each of these fac tors depends on the end use of the
socks. Though all three factors also come into play during the knitting process (choos-
ing a pattern, knitting to fit , etc.), starting with the right kind of yarn can really make
the difference in whether the sock succeeds in its purpose.
S PR ING 2 () l) li l S I' IN · O F F I 4 5
• •



I} Angora/wool blend: spun by plying two strands of fine wool singles and introducing angora fiber into the plying triangle as it is plied.
2) Estonian Island sheep wool carded and spun with a modified long-draw for a 3-ply yarn. 3) Superwash Merino dyed in the microwave.
4) Avariety of silks blended with dyed kid mohair (3·ply). 5) Alpaca blended with dyed mohair and silk noil (2·ply). 6) Overdyed alpaca
and silk (2-ply).
selected fibers. When spinning a blend of
short and long fibers, great care must be
taken to avoid having the short fibers left
behind while the longer fibers are draft-
ed with the short draw. An 8-inch staple
length of second clip mohair blended with
a 4-inch staple length of lamb's wool can
resul t in an uneven mix of the two in the
yarn. The different fiber diameters can
also cause problems. However, a three-
plyyarn consisting of two of lamb's wool
and one of mohair will be much more
consistent. Bl ending sil k with fine wool
provides a lovely, comfo rtable yarn that
is more durabl e than fine wool alone.
There are many very nice commercially
prepared silk/wool blends available. I have
found the simplest way to blend my own
is to start wit h silk caps or hankies,
stretch them out, then cut the sil k to the
same length as the fiber I'll bl end it with.
Since the durability factor signifies
the potenti al longevity of the sock, then
the shrinkage potential of the sock must
also be considered. From what I've wit-
nessed whe n I sold yarn, superwash
wools' have recentl y cont ributed to the
resurgence in popularity of knitting
socks. Many of us have experienced the
heartbreak of finding lovingly handspun,
handknit socks among machine-washed,
tumble-dried laundry, full ed to the point
of total inelasti city so that even a foot
small enough to fit the shrunken sock
can't get past the cuff. This isn't an issue
if you can have total control of the care
of the socks. But, if spinning and knit-
ting them for others who might not be
likely to provide the care they most cer-
tainly deserve (or ifyour own "handwash
onl y" pile starts collecting dust ), then
fiber selection should include those fibers
that can withstand the washing machine.
While superwash wool fibers and blends
are available commercially, there are
wool fibers that won' t felt. Many of the
down sheep breeds provide felting-resis-
tant wool that, carded and spun woolen,
results in a soft, cushy yarn that may full
slightly but will not shrink. Consider
blending this wool wit h nylon, mohair,
silk, Iyocell, Ecospun, or other fibers that
cont ribute durability to the yarn.
When you consider that a woolen, low-
twist yarn is ideal for full ing, then the op-
posite holds true as well. Anon-super-
wash Merino fiber spun worsted from a
combed top preparation into a high-twist
yarn, then knitted tightly, will have a
greater tolerance for machine washing.
If you also blend wool with silk, Lyocell,
or nylon, you'll add greater durabilityand
have even less likelihood of shrinking.
Preparation tips
To make a soft, lofty, warm woolen yarn,
1 Superwash wools have been chemically treated
to remove the scales that allow wool to become
permanently interl ocked with the application of
hot water, soap, and agitation.
prepare fibers by handcarding rolags or
roll drumcarded batts into rolags, If you
carded a blend of fibers that aren't uni-
form in length, carefully predraft the ro-
lags (or batts) into a roving that retains
a consistent proportion of the fibers used.
To make a st rong, smoot h, lustrous
worsted yarn , I prefer to first card the
fibers together on my drumcarder to get
a consistent blend. Then I pull the card-
ed batt int o lengthwi se st rips, lash the
blend onto my Louet Dutch comb that
clamps to my tabl e, and pull my fibers
into a top. If the blended fibers aren't uni-
form in length, combing or hackling is
not an option si nce all of the longer fibers
will be pulled out first. In this case, I spin
from the carefully predrafted lengthwise
st rips of the drumcarded fibers,
Another benefit to preparing your own
fibers for sock yarns is that you can con-
trol the proportions of blended fibers. For
instance, you can use superwash Merino
for the cuff and foot but prepare a blend
of thi s Merino with nyl on, sil k, mohair,
or other durabili ty-enhancing fiber for
the heel and toe. Ideally, you' ll use the
heel yarn in a sock pattern that allows for
either an afterthought heel or any heel
const ruction where thi s yarn will stay
both behind and under the heel without
being knitt ed over the top of the foot.
Sampling and swatching
Spin sample yarns and then knit swatch-
46 I S PI N . 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
es using the stitch pattern intended for
the sock. Start by spinning at least 3 to
5 yards of yarn. Make several prepara-
ti ons (diffe rent proporti ons of blended
fi bers or different fi bers) and spin them,
perhaps some as two-ply, some as three-
or four-ply. Remember to record your
preparation and spinning methods. Then
knit your samples in the round, using
the size needles and stitch pattern you
would for the sock, separating each sam-
ple section by knitting a round of stock-
inette with a synt hetic or nonshrinking
cotton yarn. Measure the swatch or mark
off a 2-by-2-inch square wit h waste yarn
so that you can calculate the percentage
of shrinkage. Wash your sampler tube as
you would the socks. Once it has dri ed,
you'l l have an excellent indication of how
your socks will look, feel, and withstand
your washing met hod. Their durability
will become evident in time.
One way to test for durability is to pre-
pare a sample skein and use that yarn to
darn the worn areas of your favorite
handknit socks. Whil e it may take some
time to get the results of thi s test, it is a
good durability indicator in the long run.
So after all that, what makes the per-
fect sock yarn? Myfavorite answer always
starts with, "It depends... ." This time,
my answer is, "It depends on the purpose
of the sock and your selection of fibers,
processing, and spinning methods that
result in your choice of proport ions of
the factors of appearance, comfort, and
durability. " Sampling and record keep-
ing will soon reveal what factors provide
your ideal socks. §)
MERIKESAARNIIT ofMeadowsof Dan, Virginia,
teaches spinning, weaving, knitting, and dyeing
workshops across the country as well as
inEstonia. You 'll find her teaching schedule
and other patterns she's publishedon
her webs/le at www./iisu.com.

Dane's Fancy Foot Socks
made from Bluefaced
Leicester, kid
mohair, Shetland
wool, alpaca, and
Merino all spun
semi-worsted for
2-ply yarns.
Durability is the most
important factor in these
rubber-boot liners. Lincoln and
Lincoln-cross wool carded, then spun
seml-woolen with a low twist for a
2·ply yarn.
For her Spring Socks Merike spun a
3-ply yarn for the loe and heel made
lrom Tucsel (50%cotton, 2S%lussah
silk, 25%Lyocell), then spun a 3-ply
yarn for the instep from Silver
Lining (50%cotton, 50%gray
Ileece), and spun a 3-ply yarn
lrom Golden Fleece (50%organ-
ic brown cotton and 50%
wool) for the cuff.
All the fibers
are from
Three-ply yarn
created with
1 strand of
superwash Merino,
1 strand of silk,
and 1 strand of a
mohair/ Coopworth
blend. The cuff was
embellished with
French knots in
cochineal-dyed silk.
S P R I N C 2006 I S P I N· 0 F F I 47
ress erweave n
era t eonver
Hand Felted Jewelry and Beads
25 Artful Designs
Carol Huber Cyper
Felt -bead jewelry is fashionable! It's showing up on runways, specialty
stores, and galleries around the globe. Hand Felted /eweIry and Beads
offers a contemporary and artistic
approach to this popular craft-and
then takes it a step beyond through
beaded embellishment. No ot her hand-
felting book is as comprehensive, as
Hand Pelted /ewelry and Beads includes
both needle-felting and wet-feltmaking
techniques covering fl at , flat with a
resist, 3-dimensional, use of armatures
and mediums, color, inclusions, shape,
and texture. And, these techniques are
taught step- by-step in a friendly and accessible manner through the
creation of beautiful obj ects of personal adorn ment. You'll learn how
to make the felt ed equivalent oflampworked beads, turquoise focal
beads, mokume gane look-alikes, and so much more. Try your hand
at the Carved and Beaded Bangle, the unforgettable Flower Lariat,
Compositions in Felt and Glass (st rung necklaces and bracelets), or
the imaginative Felted Bead Diva's Necklace. The first-time felter will
be guided into this creative and fulfilling fiber art while the seasoned
feltmaker will fi nd inspiration, new tips and tricks to add to their
repertoire; everyone will relish the galler y of inspirational pieces.
Let your imagination soa r and get felting!

..n u."
$21.95 Paperbound, 8'/, x 1DY. , 128 pages
ISBN 1-59668-005-9
5 imp1y(..:::::
Want more?

,c:.... .
11U 201 East Fourth Street· loveland, Oclcradc 80537·5655
(800) 272-2193
Shipping is $4.95 for the first book, $1.00 for each additional book

One Skein
3D Quick Projects to Knit and Crochet.
Leigh Radford
Everyone has the time to spend on projects requiring only one skein ...
so don't miss out on the fun! One Skei n features more tha n 30 knit-
ting and crochet projects that range in size, time commitment, and
experience level, providing both beginning and experienced knitters
a variety of proj ects from which to choose. The stitch patterns and
instructions are easy to follow and qui ck to use. Readers will enjoy
creating a fel ted purse, a drawstring bag, crocheted accessory bags,
cozy scarves, a pretty tank top, arm and leg warmers, cable footi es,
lace wristlets, fingerless
gloves, pillows, bibs, felted
bowls, a baby sweater, a soft
and absorbent crocheted
bath mat and accessor ies-
and so much more, each
from a single skein of yarn!
In One Skein, author Leigh
Radford smartly includes
several proj ects specially
designed to make use of whatever you've got left over from other
projects-one of the nicest designs we've ever seen is for a quick-to-
make, colorful, and long-lasting rug. Dig out your stash and dash to
your yarn store... you won't want to wait to begin these artful projects!
Coming Spring 2006
.T... TliO
Judith L.
~ - J""""'_
~ .
$19.95, Paperbound with flaps, 8 x 8'1. , 128 pages
ISBN 1-931499-74-8
A inner's
~ a s - n
Modified lon g-tail ca st - on for knittin g with S- pl ie d yarns
twist from the tail. Even a tightly twisted yarn will almost completely untwist
the needle and the tail yarn forms a series of twisted loops, like consecutive
cursive e's. It is the act oftwisting the tail yarn into a loop that adds or subtracts
PINNERS OCCASIONALLY lament that their S-plied yarn tail untwists
during the long-tail cast-on. This also happens with commercial yarns
that are S-plied. In the long-tail cast-on, the front yarn, which is the
cut end (or the tail ) is made into a twisted loop, through which a loop of the
back yarn (the ball yarn) is pulled. The ball yarn ends up as a series of loops on
Figure 1: First step in thumb position
for the modified long-tail cast-on. Your
thumb is now in the correct position for
the modified cast-on (see Figure 2).
the right to the left, and then pass behind the thumb and down, as in Figure
2. It is still wrapped around the thumb but in the opposite di rection from the
tradi tional method. When the stitch is completed, the tail will be coming from
under the horizontal strand at the base of the stitch.
the sloppy appearance of the unplied strand in the base of the cast-on. When
use this cast-on whenever I am worki ng with S-plied yarn because it prevents
cided to try looping the yarn in the opposite di rection. It worked, and I now
cast-on stitches, which helps but is inconvenient to do. Then, one day, I de-
into separate plies if a large number of stitches are bei ng cast on. By twisting
the tail loop in the opposite direction, one can add twist with each loop instead
of subtracting it. On occasion, I have tried twisting the tail after each six to ten
using the traditional long-tail cast-on, the yarn is basically loopedwi th the tail
at the front of the loop; with this modifi ed cast-on, the yarn is looped with the
tail at the back of the loop. When the yarn is in posi tion for the modi fied cast-
on, it should come from the needle, wrap across the front of the thumb from
, - / ' J
\ .--"
Figur. ]: Picking up the I 0 : Place the
needle over the front strand on the index
finger, scoop the strand back through the
thumb loop, and then tighten the loop.
Figur. 2: Note that the thumb is in
position for the modified cast-on.
Swatch 2
Swatch 1
the thumb st rand by bringing yo ur
thumb up and to the front , under the
st rand, and then pull forward on the
st rand t o snug it up against the needl e.
Tension the ball st rand if necessary. Your
thumb should now be in position to
insert the needl e again for the next
st itc h.
To see for yourself the difference be-
tween the original and modified cast-ons,
make a 20-stitch swatch. Cast on 10 mod-
ifi ed stitches, and then cast on 10 stitch-
es in the traditional manner. Knit a few
rows of stockine tte sti tch and then ex-
amine your cast-on edge. The lower edge
of the st itches shou ld slant like thi s:
/ / / / / / / / / /-\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (see Swatch 1).
If you examine these sti tches closely,
you should be abl e to see the twist in the
pli ed yarn. The st it ches on the ri ght
should be twisted more ti ghtly than the
stitches on t he left. If you feel the st itch-
es, those on the right should feel firmer
than those on the left.
Thi s cas t-on will actually ti ghten the
S-plied yarn tail (the cut end) as you cast
on. If you want absolutely no twist added
t o or subt racted from the yarn tail, try
alternat ing the regular cas t-on and the
modified one to create a bri cklike effect,
wit h alternat ing hori zontal st rands
similar to a ridge of garter sti tch (see
Swatch 2) . In fact, this technique is men-
tioned as a decorative cast-on in Nancy
Bush's Knitting on the Road: Sock
Patterns for the Traveling Knitter
(Love land, Colorado: Interweave Press,
2001). Once you get used to this cast-on,
it will become as natural as the original
one. Just keep practi cing it until it
becomes comfortable! 1$
REBECCAHARMONis a fi ber enthusiast from
Portland, Oregon. She enjoys
learning (and un-venting) new
techniques to make her fiber
creations more useful and
beautiful. She and her husband,
Lawrence, run Mountain Mist
Fibenoorks-s-see their website at
the tail looped over your thumb and the
ball end over your right index fin ger,
modify the cast -on this way:
Instead of circl ing your thumb ove r
the st rand, behind it, and back under it
again to form the yarn loop, circle it over
the strand, in front of it, and back under
it. Insert the tip of the needl e under the
back thumb st rand from front t o back
and wrap the ball yarn around the needle
with your right hand as usual. Draw this
strand through the thumb loop, remove
your thumb from the loop, and tighten
up thi s st rand by bringing the needl e
back under it , and then bring it back
through the thumb loop . Remove the
thumb from the loop and use it to
tighten the thumb strand (this forms the
loop around the base of the st itch). Note:
It is easi er t o do this cas t -on quickl y if
you pull the thumb st rand fr om
underneath to tighten it (as in Figure 2),
as thi s will put your thumb back in
position to do the next cast -on st itch.
If you work the long-tail cas t-on with
long-tail cas t -on (betwee n the two
st rands of yarn coming from the needle).
Now, move your thumb up and in front
of the front st rand (see Fi gure 1), and
then put the tip of your thumb between
the strands (thumbnail is now behind
the front st rand) and move your thumb
To pick up the loop of yarn that will
go around the needl e, insert the needle
under the back thumb st rand from front
to back and bring it up over the front
index finger st rand (see Figure 3). Scoop
There are two ways of doing the long-
tail cas t -on . Both can be modified for
S-pli ed yarn. I will describe how to do
both methods, as most knitters prefer
one or the other.
If you work the long-tail cas t-on with
the yarn forming an inverted "V" over
your left thumb and index finger, the
cas t-on is modifi ed in this way:
To find the ri ght positi on for your
thumb, place yo ur thumb and index
finger in the normal position for the
Rebecca Harmon was frustrated with the traditional long-tail cast-on technique because the (ut
end of her yarn raveled as she cast on-so she developed this technique to counter the raveling
and now enjoys cleaner cast-on edges.
S P R I N C 2006 I S PIN· 0 F F I 51
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52 I S P I N • 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
Carolyn Green-
wood spun the
dyed ravings
from a spinner's
~ i i i t r e a t weekend
In City,
Utah, to mak _
her poncho-a
tangible memory
of the weekend
with fiber friends.

w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . ~ 0 ~ 1
54 I S I' I N ' O F F [
A natural dyeing
retreat and a
handwoven momento
Fiber preparation
The fibers were slightly felted byall the
handli ng in the dyei ng process. I gently
pulled the rovings apart lengthwiseand
carded each portion separately on my
Fricke drumcarder.
S I WRITE, there are just
284 days unti l the next
Wasatch Woolpack Retreat
in Park City, Utah. Each summer,
members of this Salt Lake City guild
meet for four days of spinning,
fri endship, and renewal at member
Kathy Wri ght's property- Kathy's
Meadow. It is an event we look for-
ward to all year.
A favorite activity at the retreat is
natural dyeing. I returned from the
last retreat with a bag full of mohair
and generic fine wool roving in beau-
tiful muted shades of blues, olive
greens, and rusts from indi go, onion
skin, and madder dyepots. I wanted
to make something from these fibers
that would be a souvenir from the
retreat- a Park City Poncho.
Carolyn brushed the
mohair after lulling Ihe
poncho to help bring Dui
a halo of mohair.
wound all the yarns into skeins and gen-
tly washed them in warm, soapy water,
rinsed them, and hung them to dry. I
then wound them into balls. In the end,
[ had eleven different yarns.
thi ck, clustered stripes of color, leaving
16 empty dents between each stripe (see
Figure 1). I then wound a 3-yard warp of
144 ends from the miscellaneous yarns,
winding each yarn separately until t he
ball ran out. [ had differe nt amounts of
each yarn, but a total of 144 ends.
The fun part was designing (warping
front-to-back) by placing each different
yarn in t he 2-inch sect ions of reed left
between the instant boucle st ripes. I
threaded the heddles according to Figure
1 and ve ry carefully beamed t he warp,
Weaving the poncho
[ wanted t he instant boucle yarn to be
visi ble, so I looked through var ious
weaving books and magazines to find a
pattern t hat would show off t hese yarns
in the weave struct ure. I found what I
was looking for in the article, "Designing
wit h Novelty Yarns for a Sumpt uous
Shawl" by Barbara Herbster, in Hand-
woven (January/February 2005).
I decided to bundle the instant boucle
yarns in separate colors to create bold
str ipes spaced 2 inches apart. I wound a
3-yard warp of 81 ends of instant boucle
using 27 ends blue, 36 ends olive, and 18
ends rust. I threaded these 3 ends per dent
in an 8-dent reed,
warping front-to-
back, to create
rinsed and hung the
skei n to dry. When it
was dry, I carefully
pull ed the sticky strands
apart and wound the
yarn into a ball.
After making t hree colors of instant
boucle yarn, I used up the leftover wool
singles by either Navajo-plying (see page
30) or by making t hree-ply yarn of
different strands . I used some of the
leftover mohai r fo r two-ply yarns. I
wanted some lighter-colored yarns for
contrast, so I blended some of the dyed
wool fibers with tussah silk on my drum-
carder. I spun these from t he point of
twist into two-ply yarns that averaged 14
wraps per inch usi ng a 15.5:1 rati o. [
placed t he wool to my left and t he mo-
hair to my right. [ lied both yarns to the
bobbin leader and plied using my largest
whorl (9:1 rati o). To ply, I allowed t he
mohair to spiral looselyaround the wool.
Every so often I would push some of the
plied mohair toward the orifice to form
little loops. This is not necessary but does
create more loops in the finished yarn.
The magic of instant boucle occurs
during the fi nishing process. After ply-
ing, I used a one-yard ruddy-noddy to
wind the yarn into a skein and tied it in
several places. [ placed it in a sink fi lled
with hot, soapy water and scrubbed the
skein to encourage the wool fibers to
shrink and full. The mohair does not full
quite as much as t he wool, so it forms
li ttl e loops-instant boucle!
Being careful not to full the skein into
one giant lump, I watched closely and,
when the strands of yarn were just start-
ing to stick together, I quit scrubbing. I
The poncho is woven in two panels on
one warp.
Yarn Requirements
Warp: 243 yards boucle, 12 wraps per
inch (I used 81 yards blue, 108 yards
olive, and 54 yards rusI).
432 yards miscellaneous yarns, 14
wraps per inch.
Weft: About 600 yards 2·ply tussah
silk, 16 wraps per inch.
Aboul 15 yards 60/2 silk thread or
other fine thread.
Spinning the yarns
[ wanted to make a variety of yarns fo r
t his poncho. Si nce [ had bot h mohai r
and fine wool, I decided to start wi th an
"instant boucle" yarn. [ learned to make
this yarn in a workshop by Maggie Casey
at SOAR 2001.
Using my Schacht wheel, I spun the
mohair with a medium grist (about 78
yards per ounce; grist is the relation be-
tween the yarn's length and weight) and
medium twist. I set this bobbin aside and
fi lled another bobbin with the fine wool
spun with a fine gr ist (about 230 yards
per ounce) and hi gh amount of twist.
Both t hese fibers were spun from the
drumcarded batts by pulling offa length-
wise stri p of fibers and spinning from the
end in a modifi ed long draw (also known
as point of twist).
I put the bobbins of yarn on separate
lazy kates (shoe boxes wit h knitti ng
needl es wor k as well-see page 96) . [
Wldlh: 21.375".
Length: 40" (make 2 panels).
Poncho finished dimensions: Widlh
IT', Lenglh 36%" (excluding fringe).
4·harness loom, at least 22 inches weav-
ing width.
s-dent reed.
Poncho dimensions on loom
___...;., Pr;,;: oject Notes
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 55
3 3
2 2
1 1
o 0 0 0
Constructing the poncho
I placed the short end of panel 2 at right
angles to the top 15 inches of the long side
of panel 1. I sewed t he panels toge ther
using a cross-st itched decorative patt ern
wit h the leftover handspun silk yarn. I
t hen placed the short end of panel 1 at
right angles to t he top 15 inches of t he
long side of panel 2, sewing these together
in the same manner (see Figure 3).
This poncho reminds me of the
wonderful t imes I've had with my friends
at our Park City retreat. Whenever I wear
it, I fee l wrapped in the warmth of fri end-
ship. 'S
Herbstcr; Barbara. "Designing With Novelty
Yarns for a Sumptuous Shawl,"Handwo-
ven 16, 1 (January/February 2005), 70-72.
pointed, though, that t he boucle yarns
did not show as much looped effect as I
desired. I had really hoped for nice stripes
of textured loops commanding attention.
I experimented and brushed the fabri c
with a stiff brush. If I couldn't have loops,
t hen perhaps I could have fuzzy st ripes!
The mohair brushed up beautifully and
gave a nice softness to the fabric.
Utah, with her husband and six children.
When she's not playing soccer mom, you
can fi nd her in her fiber st udio.
Figure 1
Figure 3
••• •••
~ , ---8"----,
,----2x---, ,----4x---, ,----2x---,
• •• 44
••• •••
0 = instant boucle (e=blue, e =olive green, e = rust )
D = otheryarns
Figure 2
Hemstit(h< 11111111 11 2"
111111 11 11
I cut t he two pane ls apart and gently
washed each by hand in a basin of warm
water. The fabric immediately became
softer and suppler. I removed the excess
wate r by rolling it in a towel and then
hung t he panels up to dry. I gently
pressed the fabric while damp. I twisted
the fringe and knotted it.
I was pleased with the colorful stripes
and even with the bit of seersucker effect
that sometimes occurs when working
wit h mixed warps. I was a bit di sap-
Carolyn made "instant
boucle" by making a spiral
yarn with a mohair and a
wool yarn and then washing
the yarn vigorously in hot
water to help the mohair
bloom into boucle loops. The
smooth yarns are either
Navajo·plied or 2·ply.
silk weft, using the pattern
treadling, and hem-
stitched. I cont inued to
weave unt il the second
panel measured 40 inches
long. I cut the panels from
the loom leaving 6 inches
of warp on t he end for
fri nge. The first panel uses
the tying on and fill er yarn
for its fringe (see Figure 2).
Twisted fringe
gently using my fingers to comb out t he
slightly tangled warp ends.
For t he weft, I spun about 600 yards
of two-ply tussah silk yarn at 16 wraps
per inch. I thought t hat silk would add a
nice drape to the fini shed fabric.
Beginning with 3 inches of rags for
fill er to make the fringe, I wove 40 inches
following the treadling pattern in Figure
1, gently laying in the weft yarn at 11
picks per inch. I fo und some 60/2 silk
thread on a shelf in my studio and wove
'/. inch in plain weave wit h it, beat ing
firmly to hold the warp t hreads in place
and to give a nice fini sh to the end of the
panel. I hemstitched the end of the panel
using the silk thread and st itching over
two of the handspun weft yarns at a time.
To create space between the panels, I
wove 2 inches using t hick rags as weft.
I began the second panel by weaving 'I,
inch in plain weave with t he 60/2 silk. I
then wove several shots of t he handspun
56 I S PI N . 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
• · ,

• , ,




• •


• ·" ,


• •


I essentially used t he same spinning
technique for all the yarns: a short draw
NMARCH 2003, I drove from Omaha,
Nebraska, to Fairfi eld, Iowa, to parti-
cipate in a three-day "Spinning for
Knitting" workshop taught by Rita
Buchanan, I'd been knitting for about
fi ft een years, but spi nning for only three,
so this workshop seemed the perfect
opportuni ty to redirect my very modest
spinning skills to complement my more
practiced knitting skills. Rita is a superb
instructor. Her systematic approach
made clear how changing each variable
of a yarn (such as thickness or twist)
affected the knitted fabric.
I had too many moments of epiphany
to relat e here, but one part icular
moment prompted me to explore the
possibi lities of knitt ing wi th singles. On
the thi rd day of the workshop, we stud-
ied the effects of changing the number
of plies in a yarn. One of the samples that
we knitt ed used a singles yarn that we
had spun. Whil e I was knitt ing a swatch
from that yarn, my mind buzzed with
ideas for scarves that would take ad-
vantage of the biasing inherent in stock-
inette-stitch fabr ic made with singles.
Rita encouraged me to revi ew the work
of Kathryn Al exander, and, after the
workshop, I reread her article in the
Spring 2002 issue of Spin-Off, Kathryn's
work inspired me even more to explore
the wild and twisty world of knitting with
energized singles.
In my knitting, I rely on sampli ng to
help me achieve the effects I have in my
mind's eye; through Rita's workshop, I
came to appreciate the value of similar-
ly creating samples while spinning. To
take sampling even further, I give myself
systematic assignments to develop tech-
niques, explore the possibilities ofspecific
spinning variables, and achieve a more
thorough and personal aesthetic sense.
Here are the results of one of my
assignments-c- l have spun and knitted
six scarves to begin an exploration of
knitting with singles.

• •
I •
, .
• •
I •

, .
• •

· , .. I

I ' ..
, : '
• •
· ..
• • •
' . .
. ,

, "
r' , •
. " ,

, '

.. .
• • I
• I
, " . .,
, ' .
• ••

" '

• ,


• ,

and Z-twist for fibers spun on my Reeves
upright (castle) wheel. The amount I pre-
drafted depended on the fiber. Often, pur-
chased rovings are a bi t compacted and
are di fficult to spi n wi thout predrafting,
With thick commercially prepared combed
tops, I split sections of the top lengthwise
into two or more pieces. [ follow thi s
process by pulling lengthwise on a sec-
t ion of top to open up the fibers. Pur-
chased carded rovings are usually not as
thick as commercial combed top, so less
lengthwise spli tting is needed and length-
wise pulling is accomplished faster. In ad-
dition to maki ng the fibers easier to draft
while spinning, predraft ing allows me to
become acquainted with the character-
isti cs of the fiber (such as sli pperiness or
elasticity) prior to spinni ng. [ tend to pre-
draft the combed preparations more than
the carded preparations. I also used this
se ries of scarves to pract ice spinni ng
more fi nely than [ usually do. The yarns
averaged 19 to 24 wraps per inch corn-
pared to my usual worsted- to heavy
worsted-weight two-ply yarns that mea-
sure 8 to 12 wraps per inch.
Knitting the scarves
For the scarves, [ knitted directly off the
bobbins, which I pl aced on my Kat ie
a-Go Go (from Nancy's Knit Knacks). The
Kati e a-Go Go is perfect for this job
because these singles are not steamed
and the yarn readily untwists unless held
under tension. [ wove in the cast-on ends
shortly after start ing each scarf as
Kat hryn recommended in her arti cle,
and then 1used spit joins' for the rest of
the scarf to avoid having unruly ends to
weave In.
Prior to starting each scarf, [ sampled
to determine the needle size that result-
ed in a pleasing fabric and to determine
the gauge so that [ could cast on a
reasonable number of stitches. The
gauges listed in the inst ruct ions are
guidelines only. Knit a swatch to find a
needle size that gives you a fabric you
li ke wi th the yarn you have spun.
Despite the simplicity of the st itch
patt erns [ used, it was necessary to keep
an eye on the knitting; the yarn was
rather will ful. Stitches tended to pop off
the needle, and dropped sti tches were
somet imes hard to pick up because the
stitch would twist in on itself, hiding in
the stitch below. It seemed to me that,
because the scarves were knitted wi th
singles. variations in yarn thickness were
more obvious in the knitted fabric than
for fabri c knitted with plied yarns, where-
as variations in twist seemed less obvi-
ous. Even though the patterns were easy,
I ofte n used stitch markers to separate
sections and relieve my brain from keep-
ing track of too many thi ngs.
For all the scarves, [ used a long-tail
cast-on (see page 50), and a standard
Bind-off: K1 , *k1 and si over the sec-
ond stitch on the right needle and off the
right needle.* Repeat from * to * until
all the stitches have been bound off.
Blocking the scarves
Prior to blocking, each scarf contained
a great deal of "motion" or "body," and
most of the scarves were quite three-
dimensional. It was wonderful to see
some of these scarves become tamer, but
st ill fascinating, after bl ocking-the
blocked result was always a pl easant
For all scarves, [ used a wet-block
techni que. [ let each scarf soak in warm
water with a splash of Eucalan No Rinse
Woolwash for fifteen minutes. I carefully
squeezed out the water and rolled the
scarf in a towel to remove more water. I
laid the scarf flat to dry. Some scarves
have edges that require additional steam
I Most scarves require more than one bobbin of
yam. I use spit joints to attach the endof the work-
ing yam to a newbobbinof yam fora seamless join
with no ends to weave in. This technique works
well with feltable fibers such as wool or alpaca-
overlap the working end with the end fromthe new
bobbin about 2 to 4 inches. Put this overlappedsec-
tion inyourmouth to get it wet with saliva (orwet
it with water) , then vigorously rub the section
between your hands to felt the section together.
S P R [ N C 2 (J n fi I s I' IN · 0 F F I 59
blocking (see the individual scarf in-
st ructions).
In thi s series of scarves I explored a
narrowset of spi nning and knitting vari-
ables. Each scarf consisted of onl y one
fiber source; all yarns were spun wit h
Z-twist and an even thi ckness (an at-
tempted even thickness, t hat is); and
each scarf was knitted on U.S. size 2 to
4 needles. In addi tion, the scarves were
knitted wit h similar stitch patt erns. I
relied primarily on stockinette stitch-
but chose variations of lace, reverse
stockinette, and garter stitch. (Note: The
stoc kinette st itch results in a biased
fabric while the garter stitch does not. )
I imagine that including more than
one fiber in a scarf, or combining Z- and
S-twist yarns (as demonstrat ed very
effectively in Kathryn Al exander's work),
or using mul tiple yarn twi sts and thi ck-
nesses, or varying needle sizes would
result in many more stunning arrange-
ments. You couldalso use more complex
combinations of knit and purl stitches.
Roberta Gardner, a fib er fri end in
Bellevue, Nebraska, suggested using
singles to knit the Tumbling Block stitch
pattern, which contains patches of stock-
inette, reverse stockinette, and seed
stitch (see The New Knitting St itch
Library by Lesley Stanfie ld, p. 38, as one
source for this pattern).
Even though the stitch patterns for
these scarves are quite simple, it is
grat ifying that t hey yielded far from
simple fabrics when knitt ed with singles
yarns. I am now encouraged to explore
other techniques that take advantage of
the uni que nexus of handknit ting and
handspinning, t£i
Formerly an assistant professor at the
University ofNebraska Medical Center, AMY
TYLER recently left Omaha and academic /ife to
pursue tiberarts full lime in Interlochen,
Michigan. There she revels in lake-effect snow
and creates knit designs under the business
name Stone Sock Pibers.
Alexander, Kathryn. "Knittingwith Si ngles"
Spin-Off 26, I (Spring 2002), 54- 61.
Stanfield, Lesl ey. The New Knitting Stitch
Library . Radnor, Pennsyl vania: Chilton
Book Company, 1992.
Wal ker, Barbara G. A Treasury ofKnitting
Patterns. Pittsville, Wisconsin: School-
house Press, 1998.
Random Obscurity Zigzag Scarf #1
.... Notes
I divided a 4-ounce bag of top into pi eces about 1 foot long. I
then spli t each I-foot piece lengthwise into four st rips and ran-
domly selected from these st rips for spinning. I predrafted the
top before spinning.
For all rows, slip the first stitch purl-wise with the yarn in front.
If the row is then knitt ed, move the yarn to the back to start knit-
ting. If the row is purled, leave the yarn in front and start purling.
Cast on 80 sts.
Bottom edge: Work 4 rows of garte r stitch (knit each row).
' Work about 2 inches in stockinette stitch (St st; knit on the
front, purl on the back).
Work about 2 inches in reverse St st (pur l on the right side,
knit on the wrong side ).'
Repeat from ' to • until desired length.
Top edge: Work 4 rows of garter stitch (knit each row) and bind
I washed the scarf and laid it flat to dry.
chased from Bonkers Handmade
Originals, Lawrence, Kansas.
Needle size: U.S. size 3.
Wraps per Inch: 21.
Gauge: 8 sts and 10 rows = 1". Flbe" 50%Merino/50%Teneel
combed top, hand-dyed (the "Ob-
scure Rainbow" colorway), pur-
Finished weight: 3.4 ounces.
Finished dimensions: 10" by
60 I S P IN ·O F F I W WW .INT E RW E A V E .C OJ\1
and Vanilla
Zigzag Scarf #2
....__...;.. Pr;.;; oject Notes
Finished weight: 3.05 ounces.
Finished dimensions: 6Y," by 63".
Fiber: 100%Finn wool carded roving
with variegated calors purchased from
Littlefarm Enterprises, Gerald, Missouri.
Wraps per Inch: 24.
Gauge: 8 sts and 12 rows = I".
Needle sl.e: U.S. size 2 for knitting and
U.S. size 5 for casting on and binding off.
This fiber was a luxury to spin as it
was ve ry, very soft. I thought about ice
cream the entire time I was spinning it.
The fiber needed only a bit of predraft-
ing before spinning.
The casting-on process for this scarf
was challenging for a few reasons. First,
because the scarf was knitted side to side,
[ cast on a lot of stitches. I estimate the
number of cast-on stitches to be around
450 because, instead of actually counting
the stitches after casting on as I usually
do, I counted while casting on and placed
a marker eve ry 100 stitches and did not
bother to recount. Second, because of
the energy inherent in the singles, I used
a long-tail cast-on with two strands, each
from a separate bobbin of singles. That
way, [ did not have to estimate the length
needed for so many stitches . Third, I
didn't want the cast-on edge to be too
tight, so [ used a V.S. size 5 needle to cast
on, then I switched to size 2 for the body
of the scarf (I bound off with a V.S. size
5, too).
Start every row with yo, k2t og (on
knit rows) or yo, p2tog (on purl rows).
Cast on 450 to 500 sts (kni t a gauge
swatch to determine the number of
stitches needed for desired length).
Bottom edge: 3 rows of reverse St st
(purl on right side , knit on wrong side).
' Work IS rows St st (knit on right
side, purl on wrong side). Work 15 rows
reverse Si st.*
Work ' to • twi ce (60 rows). End by
working IS rows St st.
Top edge: 3 rows of reverse St st as for
the bottom edge.
Bind off loosely and finish following
instructions on pages 59 to 60. Steam
the cast-on and bound-off edges to neat-
en them.
S P R I N C 2006 I S PI N· 0 F F I 61
_____Pr;,,;oject Notes
Finished weight: 1.9 ounces.
Finished dimensions: 4%" by 63".
Flber: 100%Merino wool combed top
purchased from Heartland Natural
Fibers, Arlington, Nebraska.
Wraps per Inch: 22.
Gauge: 9 sts and 12 rows = 1".
Needle size: U.S. size 3.
The Other Side ofthe Diamond
Lace Diamond Chain (panel of 18 sts)
from Barbara G. Walker's A Treasury of
Kni tting Pal/ems, page 222. Reprinted
with permission from Schoolhouse Press,
Pittsvill e, Wisconsin.
Row 1: K6, yo, ssk, k2, yo, ssk, k6.
Row 3: K4, k2tog, yo, kl , yo, ssk, k2, yo,
ssk, k5.
Row 5: K3, k2tog, yo, k3, yo, ssk, k2, yo,
ssk, k4.
Row 7: (K2, k2tog, yo) twice, kl, yo, ssk,
k2, yo, ssk, k3.
Row 9: Kl, k2tog, yo, k2, k2tog, yo, k3,
(yo, ss k, k2) twice.
Row 11: K3, yo, ssk, k2, yo, ssk, yo,
k2tog, yo, k2, k2tog, yo, k2tog, kl .
Row 13: K4, yo, ssk, k2, yo, sll, k2 tog,
psso, yo, k2, k2tog, yo, k3.
Row 15: K5, yo, ssk, k2, yo, ssk, kl ,
k2tog, yo, k4.
Repeat Rows I- 16 twice (so t hat you
have three patterns total).
Repeat Rows I and 2 again.
Work 3 rows to create a garter ridge
and to reverse direct ion: KI, purl to last
st, kl.
Continue repeating this diamond
pattern until scarf is desired length.
Top edge: Work 4 rows of garter stitch
(knit each row) and bind off.
After washing the scarf following
instructions on pages 59 to 60, I noticed
that the side edges still curled a bit, so I
steamed them with a steam iron (holding
the iron just above the fabric) to neaten
from Barbara G. Walker's, A Treasury of
Knitting Pal/ems, page 222. The 11 sls
at each side are worked in lace fagoting,
Cast on 40 sts.
Bottom edge: Work 5 rows of garter
stitch (knit each row).
Next row: KI, purl to last st, kl ,
Start pattern (16 rows):
Note: Each odd-numbered row (RS)
is worked as follows: K3, ssk, yo, k2, yo,
k2tog, k2, Lace Di amond Chain (see
below), k2, ssk, yo, k2, yo, k2tog, k3.
Even numbered rows (WS) : Kl , purl
to last st, kl.
Zigzag Scarf #3
For the center panel of 18 sts, I used
the Lace Di amond Chain stitch pattern
I pulled off about a foot of the top at
a time, divided it lengthwise into four
pieces, and then predrafted each piece.
This fiber tended to st ick to my clothes,
so I put the predrafted fiber in a smooth
ceramic bowl, and 1put the bowl on the
fl oor so that I could feed the fi ber onto
the whee l wit hout it catching on my
62 I S I' I N · 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 f.l
Project Notes
Alexander's Alpaca Zigzag Scarf #4
[ ordered a large amount of alpaca roving from Kathleen Wedel of Prairie's
Edge Farm. In advance of that large order. she sent me a sample fromAlexan-
der, a rose-gray alpaca. Al exander was soft! This scarf is from that sample.
Wraps per Inch: 19.
Gauge: 7.5 sts and 11 rows in stock-
inette stitch = 1".
Needle size: U.S. size 3; stitch
Finished weight: 2.4 ounces.
Finished dimensions: 7'!,-8Y," by
Flber: 100%alpaca carded roving ob-
tained as a sample from Prairie's Edge
Farm, Paola, Kansas.
For each row, slip the first stitch purlwise with yarn in front, then move
the yarn to the back. Cast on 56 sts.
Bottom edge: Work 4 rows of garter stitch (k each row) .
*Next row: 511 purlwise, kI, k20 (place marker), kl2 (pl ace marker ), p20,
Repeat this row 23 times (24 rows total).
Next row: Sll , kl, p20, k12, k20, k2.
Repeat this row 23 times (24 rows total) .*
Repeat from * to * until scarf is desired length.
Top edge: Work 4 rows of garter stitch (k each row) and bind off.
[ washed the scarf following the instructions on pages 59 to 60. Prior to
blocking, this scarf seemed destined to remain three-dimensional. However,
bl ocking returned the scarf to two dimensions, with a varying width.
Softer Than Celery Zigzag Scarf #5
Cast on 62 sts. Start each row: 511 purlwise with yarn in front, move
yarn to back, work across.
Bottom edge: Work 16 rows garter stitch (k each row) .
This fi ber came in one of my
favorite shades of green- a cel-
ery calor. Although the fi ber did
not feel overly soft to my hand,
it performed perfectl y in the
next-to-the-neck test (I put a
small knitted swatch under my
collar and left it there for a
while). This fiber is very, very
springy and is wonderful for
winter wear.
Project Notes
Finished weight: 3.8 ounces.
Finished dimensions: 9" by 54".
Flber: 100%Targhee wool carded rov-
ing purchased fromOzark Carding Mill
of Warsaw, Missouri.
Wraps per Inch: 22.
Gauge: 7 sts and 10 rows in stockinette
stitch = 1".
Needle size: U.S. size 4; stitch markers.
SPRINC 2(JUfi l S I' I N' O F F I 6 3
*Row 1: SI1 purlwise with yarn in front,
k18 (place marker), k24 (place mark-
er), k19.
Row2: SI1, k18, p24, k1 9.
Repeat Rows 1 and 2 for a total of 16
rows (8 garter ridges).
Row3: Work as for Row 2.
Three DeeZigzag Scarf #6
The colors, which were more distinct
in the combed top, became subtly blend-
ed wit h spinning. The result is a lovely,
muted fabri c, wit h a faint mohair halo.
L-__--'- P;..;; roject Notes
Finished weight: 3.65 ounces.
Finished dimensions: 8" by 62".
Flber: Merino/kid mohair blend combed
top that I purchased from Ms. Dobinsky,
a fiber vendor at the Heart of America
Sheep Show and Fiber Festival, Nevada,
Wraps per Inch: 24.
Gauge: 9 sts and 11 rows = I".
Needle size: U.S. size 3; stitch marker.
Row 4: Work as for Row 1.
Repeat Rows 3 and 4 for a t otal of 16
Repeat from * t o * until scarf is de-
sired length.
Top edge: Work 16 rows garter st itch
(k each row) and bind off.
Cast on 72 sts.
Bottom edge:
Row 1: *K2tog, yo*; repeat from *
to * to last 2 sts ; k2.
Row 2: Kni t across.
Row 3: K1, *k2t og, yo*; repeat
from * t o * to last st; k1.
Row 4: Knit across.
Main pattern:
*Row 1: K2tog, yo,
k34 (place mark-
er), p36.
Repeat thi s row
until scarf measures
about 4 } ~ " .
I was hed the scarf and let it dry fiat.
The zigzagging of thi s scarf is rather
subtle. The scarf blocked to a standard
rectangular shape, yet the cent ral sec-
tions of St st and reverse St st still biased
a bit.
Row2: P2tog, yo, p34, k36.
Repeat this row for about 4%".*
Repeat from * t o * until scarf is
desired length.
Top edge:
Row 1: Knit across.
Row2: K1, *k2tog, yo*; repeat from * to
* to last st; k1.
Row3: Knit across.
Row4: *K2tog, yo*; repeat from * to * to
last 2 sts; k2 and bind off.
I washed thi s scarf and then folded it
lengthwise so that it would lay fiat to dry.
Then I used a steam iron to steam out
the edges . Thi s scarf was the only one
that remained di stinctly three-dimen-
sional after blocking.
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S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 65
er ature's ootstoo
Spinnin g for n eedl ep oint
UST HOME from another year's intense nine-day Ontario
Handweavers and Spinners Spinning Certificate and Master Spin-
ner program in Ki ngston, Ontario, Canada, I was inspired by my
newdyeing skills and had an abundance of energy for the comi ng year's
homework. I already envisioned all the wonderful natural dye colors
availabl e in my nei ghborhood,
project and get two th ings done at the
same time. Since it was still summer, and
the weeds, along with beautiful fl owers
and gardens, were plentiful, I would dye
fiber with natural dyes for a needlepoint
footstool cover to satisfy the requirement
for the worst ed proj ect as well as the
homework assignment for natural dyes.
One of th e homework assignments
was to make a handspun worsted proj-
ect using 150 to 200 yards of two-ply
yarn. It did not have to be dyed, but it
had to be prepared from a breed of sheep
appropriate for the end use. "End use"
had become a dreaded phrase. It meant
sampling, sampli ng. and more sampling.
The real chall enge was not just to spin
with t he end use in mind, but also to in-
corporate more of what I learned from
t he Kingston classes into the worsted
project (choosing the right end use for
Project Notes
Finished size: 11 x 15 x8".
Flber: 4 ounces of Columbia fleece in
Yarn: 2·ply handspun yarn, 13 wraps
per inch.
Dyed flber: Fifteen packets of 5.4
grams of fiber that has been dyed with
banana peel , goldenrod, onion skins,
Queen Anne's lace, 51. John's wart,
sumac, and walnut giving shades of yel-
low, green, and brown along with the
natural undyed fleece.
Needle: Size 18.
Materials: Size 14 needlepoint canvas;
the canvas was 2 incheswider on all
sides than the footstool top; 1'/," wide
tape for binding edges.
the spinning technique, findi ng a fl eece
for a specifi c project , and working with
natural dyes),
I had taken the Level [[ classes that
included worsted spinning (wool comb-
ing, spinning techniques, and fini shing),
sheep breeds (identi fication of types, mi-
cron count, and fl eece characteristics),
natural dyeing (possible dye materials,
mordants, process, and safety), color
blending (to create a triaxial thirty-step
chart using the three primary colors and
changing the blending by percentages to
create colors), and the hist ory of spin-
ning equipment and wheels. Just to
make sure we had hands-on experience,
we spun sample skeins on five types of
wheels: a flyer driven Ashford Tradition-
al, a spindle wheel (the Great wheel), a
doub le-drive Journey wheel, a bobbin-
driven Louet SI 0, and a frict ion-driven
Baby LoueUHat box wheel.
As I was thinking about the home-
work assignments, it occurred to me that
I could expand upon what I was doing for
some of the homework for my worsted
Columbia Fleece
Becky Haws
9161 Greensburg Pike
Portage, OH 43451·9733
Washing the fleece
Like most spinners, I had a couple of un-
washed and washed fl eeces in my stash.
I read about my stash fleeces on the In-
ternet and in In SheepsClothing. I chose
a white Columbia fl eece that I had pur-
chased from Belly Haws (see box below)
because I had learned t hat Columbia
(Lincoln rams crossed with Rambouillet
ewes) has a fine, lofty, and lust rous fl eece
recommended for kni lled and woven
projects. Even though there was no men-
tion of needl epoint, I had a feeling it
could work. I placed the fl eece on a 4-by-
8-foot sheet of plywood positi oned on
metal sawhorses to create a good work
area at a reasonable height for skirting.
I kept the locks intact and placed groups
of them in five plastic mesh baskets for
washi ng. I fill ed both sides of a double
sink with hot tap water (125
F). I added
2 tablespoons of Orvus soap to one sink
and left the othe r sink for rinsing. I
placed a single layer of fl eece in each bas-
ket, stacked the baskets, then lowered
them into the soap solution and let them
soak for 5 minutes. I pulled the stacked
baskets out of the wat er and we nt
t hrough the locks, opening the tips so
t he crust ed dirt cou ld work free, and
then I returned them to the hot, soapy
wate r for anot her 5-mi nute soak. I
pressed the excess water from the locks
66 I S I' I N · 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 f.l
Empty one-canon plastic water jugs
Fiber weight per packet: Columbia locks,
5.4 grams; commercial 2·ply yarn, 4.3
grams. (The locks were for the needle-
point project and the commercial yarn
was for the dye homework.)
Distilled water
Dye material
Measuring cups
Tall glass jars
Glass stirrer
Dyeing Equipment
and Materials
Stainless steel pot
Stainless steel extra-large mixing bowl
for modifier solution
Stainless steel strainer
1. Soak fiber 30 minutes in Orvus
soap/water solution.
2. Premordant fiber packets before plac-
ing them in dye solutions by placing
them in mordant solutions if needed.
D}'eing Safely
Follow the safety precautions on the la-
bels for handling mordants and dye solu-
tions. No matter how funny it looks-al-
ways wear a dust mask and gloves when
collecting dye material and handling
powder. Work in a well-ventilated area.
Protect your skin and eyes from dye so-
lutions. Never use dye equipment for
food preparation.
5. Place fiber packets in after-bath
modifier solution if needed.
3. Place fiber packets in dyebath con-
taining one mordant.
4. Postmordant fiber packets by placing
them in mordant solutions.
Gathering dyestuff
I looked through Wild Color by Jenny
Dean and reviewed my notes from last
closing each wit h a brass safe ty pin (to
prevent rust). I tagged the packets (328
in all) with plast ic strips cut from a milk
jug and labeled each st rip with the name
of t he dye plant and mordant (if used)
using a permanent marker. However, if
I had the t ime to make new ones for fu-
ture use, I would use Ink Jet Shrink Film
by Crafix to make the tags with dye plant
and mordant descriptions so that I could
reuse the tags for anot her project.
Dyed skeins and locks.
and t ransferred all the baskets to the
ri nse water. I repeated thi s wash and
ri nse process two more times and then
dried the locks on sweater drying racks.
Keeping track of the process
I made a spinning worksheet for track-
ing my process and the equipment and
techni ques I used. I weighed the locks
using Ohaus scales after each step and
put the locks into netted mesh squares
Natural dye stock solutions.
summe r's class and dye session to re-
search and choose a total of eight veg-
etable, fru it , and tree materials to use for
dyeing. I decided on St. John's wa rt (Hy-
pericum perforalum), Queen Anne's lace
(Daucus carola) , goldenrod (Solidago
canadensisi, yellow oni on skins (Allium
cepa) , banana peel s (Musa sp .}, walnut
hulls (Juglans regia), sumac (Rhus sp.),
and brazilwood (Caesalpinia sp.). I saved
onion skins and banana peels from meals
and chopped the banana peels into small
pi eces, then ferment ed them for four
days. My mom gave me walnuts from one
of her foragi ng trips. I had clipped non-
poisonous sumac fl owers the previous
fall. The brazil wood was purchased at a
workshop seve ra l years before and kept
for the appropri ate t ime. A fr iend gave
me St. John's wart collected dur ing the
summer. As for the Queen Anne's lace
and goldenrod, I only had to venture to
a local fi eld where they were abundant.
I wore a dust mask while cutting them
to avoid allergic reacti ons to pollen.
Over the next few days, I put each dye
material into a separate stainless steel
stockpot filled to the bri m with distill ed
wate r and simmered t hem over an hour
or until they looked drained of calor be-
fore setting each stock solution aside to
cool. After they were cool, I poured t he
dye liquors into empty one-gallon plas-
ti c wate r j ugs for t emporary storage
(it was about eight weeks from the time
the dye liquor was made until I co u ld
co mplete t he dyeing and mordanting
With the fl eece was hed and dyed and
the 328 packets processed using one of
eight dye methods, the next ste p was to
decide on a pattern for the bargello foot-
stool cover and se lect colors from the
netted dyed packets of locks. There were
so many colors t o pi ck from, but I was
able t o narrow my choices down t o fi f-
teen of the dyed packets. I chose the Gen-
t ian pattern fro m Bargelto Magic, page
I planned on sampling the pattern on
12-, 14- and I 6-count needl epoint can-
vas once I had spun my yarn. I had a
sa mple of commercial Persian needl e-
point yarn t o use as a guide for the de-
sired grist, twists per inch, and twist
angle for my handspun yarn (2,250 yards
per pound, 8 twists per inch, and a 22 de-
gree angle of twist) .
I was finall y ready to prepare t he locks,
spin the yarn, and start the needl epoint.
With Louet doubl e-row minicombs, I
co mbed each 5.4-gra m packet of dyed
locks, t ra nsfe rr ing the fiber fr om one
comb to the other three times. I attached
the combs to my belt loop and slowly at-
tenuated t he fi bers by pulling them from
side to side to create a sliver that I wound
into a bird's nest bundle. I weighed each
calor's bundl e and divided them into two
groups for spinning. I spun singles with
S-twist using a short backward-draw
technique. Keeping the colors separate,
I plied all the singles with Z-twist. I com-
pared the yarn I spun to the blue co m-
mercial sample and stitched samples on
three sizes of needlepoint canvas; I D, 12
and 14. I origi nally planned on sampling
on 12, 14, and 16, but only ha d the ID,
12, and 14-so I samp led on what I had.
The first yarn was too fine for any of the
canvas sizes, so I continued to spin and
ply small samples until I found the grist
(13 wraps per inch) t hat covered the 14-
point canvas wit h t he look and feel I
wanted for the project. Once I deter-
mined the gris t of the yarn, I spun and


, ,
" "
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...... . " d ,. . ..
III '" <I "", "
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,.. ...,.. "' ...,_.. ,.."'..
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.... •• "" •••
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Pat kept detailed notes of her process-carefully labeling the 328 packets of fleece and skeins as she dyed them with natural dyes.
SPR IN C 2006 1 s PIN · OF FI 69
plied the remaining fiber to match. I
ske ined the yarn, soaked the skeins for
fi ve minutes in hot tap water and a small
amount of Orvus paste, and then rinsed
and hung them to dry.
Needlepoint with handspun
The book, Bargello Magic, suggests that
the canvas should be ori ented in the
same direction as the bargello st itches
that are to be worked on the canvas. I cut
the canvas in a rectangle and taped the
edges to keep them from fraying while I
was working the needlepoint pattern and
began stitching wit h one of the fifteen
eoJors. As I progressed from one section
to the next, I laid some of the small
skeins next to the fini shed section to con-
template the color combination for the
new section, but it didn't matter what
combination I chose- t he natural dyes
seem to just flow together nicely. When
I fini shed stitching the needlepoint de-
sign, I sewed the rectangle to a coordi-
nating fabri c using a sewing machine
and secured it to th e foot st ool using a
staple gun. One thing I learned is that,
while it was good to have samples of the
comme rcial yarn to compare, it really
came down to the hand of the handspun
yarn and whether or not it could be used
for needlepoint. The footstool adorns
the living room and we use it regularly.
PAT DAVIS lives in Tecumeseh, Wisconsin wit h
her husband. She has been spinning since 199/;
and is currently working on the sixth level ofthe
OHS Spinning Certificate andMaster Spinner
Program. She was the newsletter editor (or the
Spinner s flock guild and sells at some of/heir
annual fairs. She teaches
adults and her five-year-old
granddaughter how to spin
when she's not working at the
University of Michigan or
attending tiber-retated workshops.
Dean, Jenny. Wild Calor. New York: Watson-
Cuptill Publications, 1999.
Fischer, Pauline, andAnabel Lasker. Bargel-
la Magic. New York: Holt, Ri nehart and
Winston, 1974.
Foumier, Nola, and Jane Foumier.in Sheep's
Clothing. Loveland, Colorado: Interweave
Press, 1995.
Minor, HoIlis Creer, "Kindling the flames: the
history and legend of Bargello," PieceWork
6, 1 (January/February 1996), 42-45.
Robertson, Beth. "Stitch a Bargel lo Orna-
ment," PieceWork t2, 6 (NovemberlDe-
cember 2004), 48- 50.
Chart for the dye
process for
thefifteen colors
All fibers were soaked
in Orvus paste for 30
minutes before any
mordant or dye process.
Mordant to liquor ratio: 2:1. I used six mordants for the
eight dye plants. Mordants
used: rhubarb, chrome,
copper, iron, alum/cream of
tartar, and tin.
Fiber: 5.4 grams.
2 tabl espoons ammonia per
gallon of water.
Simmer bath at 200'F for
30 minutes.
Alum (potassium aluminum
sulfate) with cream of tartar
(potassium acid tartrate) for
onion ski ns and goldenrod.
70 I S PI N . 0 F F I www. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
Calculate amount of dye
liquor for Wei ght of Goods
(WOG) (1:1 ratio) .
Mordant mixture was 1gallon
of distilled water; dye liquor
was originall y 2 gallons.
Alum (potassium aluminum
sulfate) with cream of tartar
(potassium acid tartrate) for
onion skins, QueenAnne's
lace, and banana peel.
Copper (ferrous sulfate) for
walnuts, banana peel, and sumac.
Rhubarb (Rhuem sp.) for
onion ski ns, and St. John's
Soaktime: 5 minutes.
Copper (ferrous sulfate) with
ammonia for onion skins,
goldenrod, St. John's wort ,
and Queen Anne's lace.
Rhubarb (Rhuem sp.) for
onion skins.
Strauch Floor Swift
Beaut iful free standing swift will
accomodate skeins from 36 to 72 inches.
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These traditiona l Viet-
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artisans in their homes. They come in two sizes and four
color combinations. Small basket $20, large $24
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S P R I N C 2006 I S P I N· 0 F F I 71
J Brian Croot. "Cocpworth-Ccloured." In The Uhrld
of Coloured Sheep, editedby Roger S. Lundieand
Elspeth J. Wil kinson. New Zealand: The Black and
Coloured Shee p Breeders' Association of New
Zealand(20041. 55.
l From the Coopworth Sheep Society of North
Ameri ca website:www.coopworthsheep.orglbylaws.
Breed characteristics
~ Coopworths are polled (hornless), with
~ faces and legs free from wool. Us ually
z their faces are white, but colored Coop-
> worths have dark skin and tongues. The
~ sheep are medium to large size. Rams
S average [75 to 300 pounds and ewes, 150
~ to 200 pounds. Coopworths have longer
bodies and legs than Romneys. Coop-
worth sheep are considered alert and
rather independent. They lamb unas-
sisted and can take care of the lambs with
little or no human interfere nce.
Most Coopworth fl eeces are open,
wi th staples 5 to 7 inches long that have
a good luster and silky handle. The tips
are pointed, making it easy to distinguish
them and separate locks. Fleece weights
are heavy, averaging 10 to 13 pounds per
shearing. The wool is in the coarser
range but lamb's wool is softer, and the
silkiness of the fleece means it can be
used for a variety of end products. Coop-
worth takes dye easily, and its luster
makes the colors sparkle. The fiber
diameter ranges from 30 to 39 microns,
equivalent to a Bradford count of 50s to
44s. When choosing a Coopworth fleece,
remember that Coopworth regist ration
is based on productivity rather than strict
fleece and body standards, so the wool

and all variables (lambing rates, weaning
weights, fl eece weight, ease of care, over-
all quality) were analyzed for effective
culling and selection. The third and
fourth generation sheep were considered
equal to the original crossbred animals
and superi or to the original Romneys.
The new breed was now viable.
The qualit ies emphasized in estab-
lishing the breed still determine the
standards for registered Coopworth
sheep. Brian Croot notes that "strict
breeding requirements ensure all Coop-
worth stud breeders offer for sale only
the very best animals with proven genetic
performance in: high lambing percent -
History of the
Coopworth breed
New Zealand's need in the 1950s for high-
er lambing percentages instigated the
crossbreeding that eventually resulted in
the Coopworth breed. At first, Border
Leicester rams (at that time, the breed
with the highest lambi ng percentages in
New Zealand) were bred to Corriedale
ewes and also Romney ewes. The Border
Leicester/Corr iedal e cross did not meet
the needs and that line was abandoned.
Instead, the Border Leicester/Romney
crosses were selected for the foundation
stock and these crossbred sheep were in-
terbred. Meti cul ous records were kept
Coopworth sheep from Carol and Paul Wagner's fl ock at Hidden Valley Farmand Woolen Mill,
Va lders, Wisconsin.
he Coopworth is a relatively new breed of shee p that originated in New
Zealand and was regi st ered as a breed in 1968. It is a dual-purpose
breed, producing mi ld-tasting meat and long, lustrous wool. The breed
is named after the professor [an Coop who was instrumental in establishing
the breed through hi s work at Lincoln College (now Lincoln University) in
Canterbury, New Zealand. The breed has become very popular in New Zealand
and is now second to Romney in overall numbers. Coopworths are also found
in Australia, North America, and Eastern Europe.
age and lamb meat producti on, long
productive life, good weight and quality
of wool and easy shepherdi ng." Per-
formance is also required fo r Coopworth
Sheep Society of North America regis-
tration: "Ideal Coopworths are excellent
C mothers, sell le quickly, lamb unassisted,
~ usually twin, are strong and vigorous at
r-------------------------------..., ~ birth, grow out well on forage, move
- freely on fi elds yet are easily gathered,
" shear a heavy fleece, yield a good carcass,
e, and are resistant to foot rot." Their re-
~ sistance to foot rot allows them to thrive
% on wet lowlands as well as low hills.
Pi De r
72 I S I' I N . 0 F F I w w W . I :.. T E R W E A V E . C 0 M
can vary from sheep to sheep. The wool
should, however, be consistent within a
fleece . Carol Wagner, who owns about
200 Coopworth sheep, notes that the
white fl eeces can feel coarse but usually
have a silky hand and good lock forma-
tion. The colored fl eeces can be finer,
with less well-defi ned cri mp and lock
structure. The white fl eeces I've handled
were similar to Border Leicester wool
while the colored Coopworth fl eeces
seemed more Romney-l ike.
The majority of Coopworth sheep are
white-wool ed because that is desirable for
commercial fl ocks. However, the Border
Lei cester and Romney background of the
Coopworth insures an ample presence of
color genetics. Colored Coopworth fleeces
range from pale silve rs to charcoal and
brown-greys. Of special interest to those
preferring colared fle eces are the bl ue-
gray Coopworths. They have dark skin and
may be marked by a white "teardrop"
under each eye. The wool appears to have
a bluish cast because of dark and light
areas in varying shades of gray.
Preparing Coopworth wool
Working with Coopworth wool should
be easy. Whil e wool quality can vary both
between sheep and with-
in the fl eece of one sheep,
most Coopworth fl eeces
are free-flowing and fair-
ly even in quality. They
should not be matted,
spongy, or hairy. As with
any fl eece, always
check to be sure that
the wool is consis-
tent in calor and
crimp down the en-
tire staple length.
The exception would
be sun-bleached or
yellowed tips, which
can someti mes be
weak. In that case,
pull or cut off the
tips. You can test the
staple strength by
fir mly grasping each
end of the lock and
popping it wi thout excessive force. The
staple should withstand the popping
without breaking.
You' ll need a big space to spread out
a Coopworth fl eece if you want to sepa-
rate it into various qualities. Unroll the
fleece so that the tips face outward. Look
over the fl eece to see if there are any
obvious problem areas or sections of
wool stronger or softer than the average.
You can either use them separately or
blend them evenly with the average wool.
Any vegetable matter should be easy to
shake out of or pull away from the wool.
Coopworth sheep from Carol and Paul
Wagner's flock at Hidden Valley Farm and
Wool en Mill, Valders, Wisconsin.
For more details on sorting a fl eece, read
pages 172 to 173 of In Sheep's Clothing
(see Resources).
Coopworth fl eeces are not usually
heavy wi th grease (my sampli ng showed
an 85 percent yie ld or only 15 percent
weight loss with washing). so washing
should be quick. I sort my fl eeces into
one-pound segments. The wool is placed
into a nylon net bag and submerged gen-
tly into a sink fu ll of warm to hot water
with about Y. cup Orvus paste (you can
buy Orvus at feed stores, where it is
cheaper, or at quilting supply shops). I
soak the wool for five minutes and rinse
it in the same temperature water with a
tablespoon or two of white vinegar in the
fi rst rinse to help rel ease the soap from
~ the fibers. After the second rinse (or third
• if the fl eece was dirt ier than normal), I
z put the bag of wool into the washi ng ma-
~ chine and set the spin cycle for a one- to
c two-minute spin. After removing the wool
from the bag, I shake it out a bit so it can
dry on a fl at rack in the backyard. I turn
the wool over when the top side feels dry.
Coopworth fl eeces are easy to sepa-
rate into locks. If you want to drumcard
or comb the wool, already sorted locks
will make the processing faster. To spin
directly from the locks (either from the
ends or folded over the finger), open
them quickly by sli ghtly fanning out the
cut and tip ends. Aim for a rectangle of
wool that shows individual fi bers but still
holds together as a lock. I use the same
S P R I N C 2 (J I) fi I s I' [ N . U F F I 73

Spinning Coopworth
When planning a project with Coopworth,
bear in mind that it is a coarse wool. It
will not feel soft or ethereal. However, the
silkiness of most Coopworth fl eeces
means that you can have a smooth yarn
t hat is not at all harsh feeling. Depend-
ing on your project and t he fl eece, you
might spi n a dense or a light yarn. Blend-
ing Coopworth with other fibers can shift
the densityand handle somewhat. Try silk,
mohai r, alpaca, or other wools.
Because of its long staple length,
Coopworth can be spun with a low twist.
It is easiest to spin with a short drawand
it can be spun from the ends of a lock,
the fold, combed top, or strips of a drum-
carded batt . Coopwort h is also a good
choice for t rying out Paula Simmons's
one-hand method for spinning soft yarn
quickly (see Resources).
Fini shi ng Coopwort h yarns is also
quick and easy. [ wash the skeins in warm
water with a tablespoon or less of wool-
wash, soaking them for about fi ve min-
utes and rinsing as fo r the fl eece. I take
the passive card, make sure t hat t here is
a break between t he fibers on the active
and passive cards before coming back for
the next pass; otherwise, you will fold the
fibers. You can also cut the Coopworth
locks in half before carding. Yarn spun
from cut locks will need more twist than
yarn spun from the full length of the
wool-Alden Amos and Stephanie Gaus-
tad explai n why in the box to the left.

Wool colors and quantities can vary within a fleece. 1) Four shades of brown and gray from one
lamb's Ileece lrom French Hill. 2) Brown Coopworth lamb's Ileece from Hidden Valley.
technique to prepare the wool fo r drum-
carding. Because my Patrick Green Su-
percard is electric, I simply open the
locks and feed t hem in, making it un-
necessary to prepare stacks of them
ahead of time.
Coopwort h is longer than t he usual
3-inch maximum for handcarding: how-
ever, one can card Coopwort h wool with-
out too much t rouble. Use wool cards
wit h 40 or fewer teeth per square inch.
When the active card sweeps away from
Sample 1: 1) Lamb's roving ("Valentina") lrom French Hill. Card with sample 01
singles yarn (Sfwlst), 3) Small skein of Z·plied yarn (60 yards per ounce, 12 wraps
per inch). 4) Tricot crochet cuff.
J Ni p is a term that is used in knot tying-and
according to Merriam-Webster's Collegiate
Dictionary , 11th Edition, it is "to catch hold
of and squeeze between two surfaces, edges,
or points."
Friction anCl twist
The reason one needs to add more
twist to a fi ber t hat has been cut in
half has to do wit h the "inte r-fiber
friction" or "nip." Cut the staple
length in half, and you need twice as
much twist (for t he same diameter/
grist yarn) to get an equal amount of
nip. In addition, because t he coars-
er fibers generally have much greater
rigidity (res ist ance to twist intro-
ducti on) than fi ner fibers, t he cut
staples also need t he ext ra twist to
overcome the rigidity as well as the
shortened length fo r achieving nip.
For more on twist, see The Alden
Amos Big Book of Handspinning
(Loveland, Colorado: Interweave
Press, 2001), 101- 117.
-Alden Amos and
Stephenie Gaustad
74 I S P IN · 0 F F I www. I ~ T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l

1) Brown unwashed Coopworth lamb's fleece from Hidden Valley. 2) White washed and unwashed Coopworth adult fleeces from Hidden Valley.
3) Medium gray roving from French Hil l. 4) Light gray roving from Woodland Woolworks.
the skei ns outside, fli ck them by one end
and then t he ot her to fling out some of
the water, and hang t hem with clot hes-
pins holding one of the ties used to secure
the skein. After the top end is almost dry,
I turn each skein, squeeze out the water,
and let the other end dry.
Yarn and swatch details
Sample I
Breed-specifi c rovings aren't too hard to
fi nd in the United States because many
suppliers of fl eeces for handspinning
process some of their wool crop into rov-
ing and label it wit h the type of wool and
sometimes even the sheep's name. The
roving for thi s swatch was Valenti na's
wool from French Hill Farm. Befor e
spinning, I held the roving up to the
li ght and could see that the fibers we re
well aligned and there were no slubs or
nail s (if possibl e, always check roving
before purchas ing). The staple length
was about 4\1, inches, so I held my hands
5 inches apart while drafting. With t he
fingers of my left (fiber-holding) hand,
I held the end of the roving in a round-
ed rather than flat configuration so that
I could draw fibers from the piece more
smoothly. I tr eadled slowly while I draft-
ed wit h a short forwa rd draw, and I
smoothed the yarn as the twist went into
the drafted fi bers. I enjoyed seeing all
the shades of gray and brown as they en-
ter ed the yarn. I spun the wool coun-
terclockwise (S) on a Lendrum at a 12:1
ratio and plied cl ockwise (Z) at 15:1. One
ounce of fiber yielded 60 yards of a
smooth and lustrous 2-plyyarn with 12
wraps per inch.
I spun the yarn S/Z so it wouldn' t
twist more as I crocheted. Forsome cro-
cheters, the direction of twist does not
make a difference; for me, it does. Before
embarking on a crochet project, sample
S/Zand ZlS yarns with varying degrees
of twist, so you'll knowwhat works with
your particular technique. Tricot crochet
makes a firm fabri c and the Coopwort h
semiworsted yarn added to the firmness.

However, the smoot h yarn was needed
to show off the stitches.
I adapted and t ranslated t he tri cot
motif into modern U. S. crochet terms.
For the complete patt ern for t he cuffs
worked in tri cot, see Weldon s Practical
Crochet , Twelfth Series, We/don s Practi-
cal Needlework, Volume S (Loveland, Col-
orado: Interweave Press, 2001). For more
on tricot (also called Tunisian or Afghan
crochet), see The Harmony Guides, Vol-
ume 7: 220 More Crochet Stitches (Lon-
don: Colli ns & Brown, 1998), 85-88.
1) Pair of socks de-
signed by Carol H.
Rhoades, knitted on 11.5.
size 2 needles in Water-
fall pattern but not
discussed in article.
2) Small skein of yarn-
16 wraps per inch.

I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N · 0 F F I 75
With tri cot hook or straight-handled
crochet hook 0.5. size F or 4 mm, loose-
ly chain 36 sts or a mul tiple of 5 plus 1.
Row 1: Pick up 1 st in each eh across (36
loops on hook). Work back: Drawyarn
through first st on hook, *ch 1, yarn
over hook and draw it through 3 sts
together (through 4 loops), eh 1, yarn
over hook and draw through next st
(t hat is, t hrough 2 loops), yarn ove r
hook and draw through next st; repeat
from * across.
Row2: Pick up loop through vertical tricot
st rand on second si of previous row,
*pick up one loop each: under ch st ,
through back loop of the 3 sts together,
under ch st, and in each vertical loop
of next 2 sts: repeat from * across, end-
ing wi th a loop t hrough 1 tricot st at
end. Work back as for Row 1.
Repeat Row 2 until piece is desired
Sample 2
I had originally planned to fli ck card this
lamb's fl eece and spin it from the locks.
However, I spotted some leftover gray al-
paca and decided to blend it wit h the
wool. For a batt, 1weighed Y, ounce of
each fiber and teased open t he fl eeces
making a separate pil e of each. I put
some alpaca covered with a li ght layer of
wool on the carder's infeed t ray and then
fed in the fibers. After cardi ng all the
batts, I tore each lengthwise into six
st rips so that each of the six piles had a
piece fr om each of the original batts. The
next pass completed the blending.
The fi ber blend's handle was so nice
I decided to spindle-spi n t he yarn . I
test ed a couple of spindles and chose a
Tracy Eichheim spindle weighing 1.1
ounces. I stripped each thin batt int o
four lengths and spun with a short draw.
Sample Z: Fleece sample 01 1) gray
alpaca ("Eyre Apparent," mature
gelding lrom Deborah McMurtrie)
and Z) washed qray-brown Coop-
worth lamb (Irom French Hill Farm).
]) Skein of spindle-spun yarn, 2 ply,
61.1 yards per ounce, 13 wraps per
inch. 4) Knitted mitten with Lemon-
stitch cull.

I speeded up the process at t he end by
plyi ng on my Lendrum with a 12:1 ratio.
The 165 yards of two-ply yarn weighed
2.7 ounces (61.1 yards per ounce) and
was 13 wraps per inch.
Thi s blend's fibers were not very
springy, so I chose Lemon st itch for the
mitten's cuff because it is a very elastic
ribbing. The mitten was knitted on 0.5.
size 2 needles.
The Lemon st itch, used for several
garments in Weldon's Praclical Knitter,
is a multiple of 6 sts.
Rounds 1-3: *K3, p3; repeat from *
Round 4: *Yo, sll, kztog, psso, yo, p3; re-
peat from * around.
Sample 3
This white adult Coopwort h was easy to
prepare and spin. I fl ick carded each lock
with a quick snap to open it up and spun
76 I S P IN· 0 F F I www. I ~ T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
Sample 3: 1) Card with sample of singles yarn (Z twist). 2) Small skein of singles
yarn (21 wraps per inch, 100 yards per ounce). 3) Lace swatch.
it from the t ip end. To cont rol the lock,
I folded three fingers over the cut end
half and supported the tip end over my
index finger (half bent ) and under my
thumb (pointing to the wheel's orifice).
The singles yarn was spun Z (clockwise)
on my Schacht with a 9:1 ratio. 1treadled
slowly as 1drafted out 2 inches of fiber
before smoothing the yarn as the twi st
entered it. It was important to move only
the drafting hand so that t he yarn went
onto the bobbin right away. To fi nish the
singles yarn (21 wraps per inch, lOO
yards per ounce), 1 wound it onto a
niddy-noddy and steamed it (protect ing
my hands, of course).
Paired decreases in lace patterns and
larger needles help eliminate the biasing
associated with singles yarns and knit-
ting. Apreliminary swatch knitted on
U.S. size 4 needles was very lively but the
pattern was buried. With U.S. size 6 nee-
dles, the pattern was more visible and
the fabric was still bouncy. It would make
a nice scarf or shawl.

Cockle-Shell knitting pattern
(adapted by Carol H. Rhoades from
Weldon 5 Practical Knitter, Tenth Series,
Weldon 5 Practical Needlework, Volume
4 [Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press,
Multiple of 9 plus 2 st itches .
Row 1 (WS): *K2, pl , k5, pI ; repeat from
* and end k2.
Row2 (RS): *K3, (yo, kl ) 6 times; repeat
from * and end k2.
Row 3: *K2, p13; repeatfrom * and end
Row 4: *K2, ssk, k9, k2tog: repeat from
* and end k2.
Row 5: *K2, p2tog, p7, p2tog tbl; repeat
from * and end k2.
Row 6: *K2, ssk, k5, k2tog: repeat from
* and end k2.
Repeat Rows 1-6 fo r desired length
and end with Row 1.
As you can see, Coopworth wool offe rs
a range of possibilit ies for proj ects. It
blends well with other long fibers such as
mohair, silk, and alpaca. My favorite blend
is Coopworth and kid mohair (my knitt ed
tea cozy will be featured in an upcorning
Spin-Off article) . By experiment ing with
preparat ion methods, spinning tech-
niques, and the amount of twist, you' ll be
surprised and pleased at the lovely Coop-
worth yarns you can produce.
Many thanks to Carol Wagner (Hidden
Valley Farm and Woolen Mill, 14804 New-
ton Rd. ,Valders, WI 54245; hvfarmwoolen
mill@lakefield.net; www.hiddenvalley
farmwoolenmill.com) and Diane Trussell
(French Hill Farm, Pf) . Box 82, Solon,
ME 04979; diane@frenchhillsheepand
wool.com; www.frenchhillsheepandwool
.com/fhI) who generously provided fl eeces
and roving for this article. '$l
CAROL RIIOADES of Austin, Texas, is fascinated
by the myriad Qualities of wool, and she enjoys
discovering what each fleece has to offer.
Coopwort h Sheep Society of Aust ralia Inc.
Coopworth Sheep Society of New Zealand.
Coopworth Sheep Society of NorthAmerica.
www.coopworthsheep.org: CSSNA Inc.,
25101 Chris Lane N.E., Kingston, WA
98346; rainfarm@tscnet.com.
Buchanan, Rita, Mary Spanos, and Patri cia
Emerick. "One Fleece Three Ways,"
Spin-Off 23, 1 (Spring 1999), 54-63.
Croot, Brian. "Coopworth-Coloured."In The
World ofColoured Sheep, edited by Roger
S. Lundie and El speth J. Wilkinson. New
Zealand: The Black and Coloured Sheep
Breeders' AssociationofNewZealand, 2004.
Fournier, Nola, andl ane Fournier.ln Sheep s
Clothing: AHandspinner's Guide to Wool.
Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press, 1995.
Home, Beverley. Fleece in YDur Hands: Spin-
ning with a Purpose: Notes and Projects.
Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press, 1979.
New Zealand Wool Board.New Zealand Sheep
and Their Woo!. Well ington, New Zealand:
Grower Services Division, New Zealand
Wool Board, 1980.
Simmons, Paula. Spinning tor Softness and
Speed. Chilliwack, British Col umbia,
Canada: Sunrise Printing, 1982.
Wal ker, Linda Berry. "Know Your Sheep
Breeds: Coopworth." Spin'Off 13, 3 (Fall
1989), 27.
._-. "The Quest for the Blue Sheep: A
Si mple Proj ect, and a Dream. " Spin-Off
13, 3 (Fall 1989), 28--30.
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N ' 0 F F I 77
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78 I S PI N · 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J

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S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 79

Spinning bulky low-twist yarns for domino knitting
HE ORIGINAL INSPIRATION for this lap rug came from the Coopworth project in
Beverley Home's Fleece in Your Hands (Interweave, 1979). She designed a block
pattern rug or wall hanging with three colors of Coopworth. 1wanted something
similar that would be easier to knit and cozier. Adomino-knitted throw immediately came
to mind. I sampled the spinning and decided on a low-twist two-ply yarn. I knitted the
first swatch on V.S. size 10Y, needles, but the yarn felt a bit hairy. Contrary to expectations,
changing to smaller needles (V.S. size 9) made the knitted swatch feel softer. Because the
lap rug is modular, you can easily make it smaller or larger by adjusting the number or
size of the squares.
.....__Project Notes __......
Finished size: 27" x 38"; P/4pounds.
Fiber: 9 ounces brown lamb, 16 ounces
medium gray and 10 ounces white adult
Coopworth Ileece (all obtained lrom Hid-
den Valley Farm).
Varn: 2-ply bulky yarn (Iamb's wool-33
yards per ounce; adult wDol-25 yards
per ounce); 7 wraps per inch. Each
square required about 12 yards of yarn.
The entire lap rug used 228 yards 01
brown. 204 yards 01 white, and 343
yards 01 gray.
Gauge: Asquare = 5lf/' across the dlaq-
anal (Irom point to point).
Needles: 11.5. size 9.
Each fl eece was washed as described in
the Fiber Basics article (see page 75). The
wool was carded on my Patri ck Green
Supercard drumcarder. I turned on the
machine, teased each lock well, and fed
it in. Each batt was smoot hly carded in
one pass and provided enough yarn for
one square. The project could be speed-
ed up by using Coopworth roving.
[ tore each ll-inch-wide batt into four
lengthwi se st rips and spun the st rips on
my Louet 5-90 wheel wit h a 6:1 rati o.
With my hands several inches apart , 1
drafted with a short forward draw. 1tr ea-
dI ed slowly as the twist entered the fiber
and then moved the yarn qui ckly onto
the bobbin. To keep the yarn from being
too slack or hairy, [ added a bit more
twist to the ply. with an 8.5: 1 ratio on the
Louet 5-90. The skeins were then washed
in warm water with woolwash, rinsed,
and hung outside, unweighted, to dry.
It is very important when spinning for
domino knitting that the yarns all knit
to the same gauge. Because 1used wool
from three different-quality fl eeces. it
was a bit tricky to obtain the necessary
consistency. Experimentation showed
that the number of wraps per inch was
more impor tant than the number of
yards per ounce because the lamb's wool
was a finer micron count and probably
had more short fibers, so more air was
trapped in it.
The lap rug was knitted following the
principles of domino knitting. For more
on the details of the technique. see Vivian
Hoxbro's Domino Knitting (Interweave
Press, 2002). Basically. after knitting the
first square. turn it so that the points are
north. sout h, east. and west. and sta rt
the next square with the last stitch of the
one just knitted. Tails can be woven in
as you kni t or afterwards. The throw is
composed of squares and ri ght- and left-
side tri angles. See the diagram for the
knitting sequence.
The cast-on number for each square
is 27 sts. Each square on the first row
starts with a knit cast-on. After that ,
stitches for the squares are picked up and
knitted along the left side of one square
and the right side of the next. The cen-
ter stitch of each square should be picked
up and knitted at the tip of the square
below. When picking up stitches. insert
the needle under both loops of knit cast-
on or slip-stitch edges.
Knit cast on 27 sts (or pick up and
knit 27 sts).
Row 1 (WS): K26. pl ,
Row 2 (RS): 51l kwise, kll , sll, k2tog.
psso, kll, pl ,
Row 3: SIl kwise, knit to last st, pl .
Repeat Rows 2 and 3, with 1 less knit
st on each side of double decrease until
3 sts remain.
Last RS row: SIl , k2tog. psso. Cut yarn
and leave loop of last stitch; do not
bind off-it will be the first stitch of
the next square.
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S PI N· 0 F F I 81
Left-side triangle (these are the
triangles on the left side of the lap rug)
Pick up and knit 14 sls along left side
of lower square.
Row J (lVS): SII kwise, k to last st, pI.
Row2 (RS): SII kwise, k to last 3 sts, ssk,
Repeat Rows 1 and 2 until 3 sts re-
Next RS row: SIl kwise, p2tog.
Next \VS row: SI1 kwise, pI.
Last row: Ssk.
Right-side triangle (worked on
right side of lap rug)
Work as for left-side triangl e, starting
along the right side of the square below,
but work Row 2 as follows: SIl kwi se,
Carol was careful to keep the
three yarns she made consis-
tent in wraps per inch (7)
so that the domino
knitting would
go smoothly.
k2tog, k to last st, pI.
Begin by knitting the three brown and
two white squares for the bottom row.
Knit each square separately leaving the
last stitch open. These stitches will be
used to start the stitches on the square
or tr iangle above it.
Place a brown square so that the tip
with the last (open) stitch points up.
Place that stitch on the needle, and then
pi ck up and knit 13 sls along the left side
of the square (14 sts total). Work a left-
side triangle. Leave the last stitch of the
triangl e open so that you can knit into
it when a square meets it.
Start the next panel: Place a white
square to the right of the brown square
so that the side points meet. Place the
last st onto the needl e, and then pick up
and knit 12 sts along the left side of the
white square: pick up and knit 1st at the
point joining white and brown squares
(inserting needle under loops of bot h
squares): pick up and knit 13 sts along
the right side of the brown square (27 sls
on needle). Complete the white square.
Cont inue in the same way, foll owing the
sequence shown on the diagram.
After knitting all the squares and tri-
angles, weave in ends if you haven't already
done so. Bl ock the lap rug by carefully
steam-pressing under a damp cl oth, or
wash it in woolwash and warm water.
Rinse in war m water and then roll the
piece in a large towel to absorb excess
water. Smooth or pi n out the throwand
let it dry. Because the yarns are bulky,
the th row may need some ti me to dry
thoroughly. Whil e it dries. fi nd a good
book or a small project. The lap throw is
heavy enough to stay put and big enough
to keep your lap and legs warm and cozy
while reading or doing a proj ect.
Many thanks to Vi vian Hoxbro for per-
mission to share the domino knitting
techniques used in this project. IS
hoping to live in a more uool-suitable climate
one ofthese days.
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SP R I N C 2006 1 S P I N · OF FI 8 3
Polwarth fleece singles show
the cola, transition of the
roving before plying.
for your inspiration
Deborah Wolfe of Cookevllle, Tennessee, models
her Faroese shawl.
Karin Worling of Belleville, Ontario,
Canada, was immediately inspired by the
color blend when she first saw the Pol-
warth fi ber she used in thi s shawl at the
Yarn Source, a weaving and knitting supply
store near her town. The fl eece came from
Australia and was dyed in Manitoba before
being blended into rovings. Envisioning a
handspun and woven triangular shawl,
Karin was spurred on by her spinni ng
mentor, Lise Noakes of the Yarn Source.
Alt hough Karin was initially hesi-
tant to take on yet another project
Lise convinced her that she could fit
it int o her schedule if she just set
aside some time on a daily basis. In
the summer of 2004, Karin began
her workon the shawl with 8 ounces
of the Polwarth roving that she split
into two equal sections lengthwise
and wound into two matching con-
tinuous balls. For about one month,
Karin spun in the mornings on her
deck overlooking the Bay of Quinte
while bird-watching and occasion-
ally ente rtaining company over
coffee. Using her Lendrum double-
treadle wheel and a long draft, Karin
fill ed four bobbins of tightly spun singles,
numbering them so that she could keep
her colorway in order. Starting fr om the
matching end of her second ball of roving,
she fill ed four more bobbins of singles.
When it was finall y time to ply, Karin was
careful to ply the bobbins in order, work-
ing backwards, four, three, two, and one.
This careful tracking allowed her to pro-
duce yarn with both plies in almost an
identical color transition. After plying the
yarns, she washed them and hung t hem
to dry over a broomstick without weight.
Karin decided to design her shawl using 8
ounces of a coordinating soli d-colored
Bluefaced Leicester that she had previously
spun for a knitting project that did not ma-
Karin alt ernated the Polwarth and
Bluefaced Leicester yarns as she wound
her warp at 10 ends per inch and wove a
plain weave cloth, again alternating the
two yarns, on her Louet countermarch
floor loom. The construction of the shawl
was based on an art icle by Barbara Tay-
lor Farnum in the Summer 1985 issue
of Handmade.
Since fini shing her project, Karin has
worn the shawl to guild meetings and
various craft shows, garnering compli -
ments from spinning and weaving peers.
Deborah Wolfe of Cookeville,
Tennessee, named her project
Tennessee Twilight because the
colorway is remini scent of the
hills and valleys at twilight in her
region. After completing her
shawl, Deborah was excited to
share the project with her "spin-
ning community." Unfortunate-
ly, Deborah doesn't have a local
community of spinners with
whom to share her accompli sh-
ments so she sent photos of her
shawl to Spin-Off,
Deborah started her shawl
from 12 ounces each of three dif-
ferent rnulticol ored Colonial wool
rovings purchased from Blue
Goose Gl en at the Cannonsburg
Fiber Festival in October 2004. In-
spired by a Faroese shawl she had re-
cently knitted with fitted shoulders that
allow the shawl to stay on during wear,
Deborah decided to create her own ve r-
sion. Deborah hand-dyed two 8-ounce
batches of Merino top from Ohio Valley
Fibers wi th ProChern acid-fast dyes to co-
ordinate wit h her multi colored singles.
One portion was dyed green while the
ot her turned into a happy accident of
blues and purples,
After lightl y carding the Merino
wit h her Ashford cotton cards to
loosen the fibers, Deborah spun two-
ply yarn on her Ashford Traditi onal at
a 12.5:1 rati o wit h a short fo rward
draw. Deborah achi eved a soft and
springy yarn at 13 to 15 wraps per
inch and about 1,400 yards per pound.
She washed the yarn in warm water
with Eucalan and draped it on a dry-
ing rack to drywithout weight.
Deborah used the Catharina pat-
tern from Stahman's Shawls and
Scarves' as a guide for the shoulder
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S PI N . 0 F F I 85
I Stahman. Myma A. I. Stahmans Shawls and
Scarves: Lace Faroese-Shaped Shawls from t he
Neck Doum & Seamen sScones. Boise. Idaho:
Rocking Chair Press. 2000.
2 Haml yn Publi shing Group: The Knitting Collec-
tion. NewYork: Golden Press. 1982.
3 www.yamharfot.ca/blog/images/snowdrop_shawl
Two of the yarns Oeborah Wolfe used to ere-
ate her Faroese shawl.
Ooborah Wolfo of Cooko.mo,
Tennessee, created calor transitions
in her shawl using five different yarns.
shaping of this shawl. To avoid a striped
shawl, Deborah alternated colors every
two rows for six rows at each color tran-
sition. After completing the shoulder
shaping, she began a pattern insert at the
center back using the Branched Fern pat-
tern from The Knilling Collection.' Deb-
orah completed the design with a five-
stitch garter-stitch border on ei ther side
of the center panel and on the edge of the
shawl whil e increasing at the edge every
other row.
Carol Dowell of Yuma, Colorado, is
an acti ve member of the High Plains
Spinners and Weavers Guild, a guild who
is always looking for ways to further in-
terest in fi ber arts and fibe r production.
The guild sponsors community and
school projects and presents various
demonstrations. Carol was inspired by
St ephan ie Pearl-McPhee's Snowdrop
Shawl' pattern and found the perfect op-
portunity to use it when her guil d de-
cided to donate handmade items to
Rocky Mountain Publi c Broadcast ing
System's "Wi ld, Wild Auction."
Pat Noah, another guild member, took
on the responsibil ity of preparing a do-
nated fl eece for Carol to knit. Pat started
byplacing the fl eece in a mesh bag to soak
in hot water with a litt le Dawn dish-
washing soap. She added vinegar to the
fi rst rinse and then rinsed a second time
with just hot water. She put the mesh bag
of wool into her washing machine with it
set to the spin cycle to get the water out
and then hung it on the clothesline to dry.
After the wool dried, Pat handpicked the
fl eece to remove vegetable matter and ran
it through her Patrick Green drumcarder
with the fur head attachment. Pat spun
the wool on her Schacht wheel with a
high-speed whorl using a long-draw
method. The resulting two- ply yarn is
about 24 wraps per inch.
Once Carol had the laceweight yarn
in hand, she began working on the Snow-
drop Shawl pattern, modifyi ng it to add
more snowdrop repeats and replace the
plain knit triangle wi th additional snow-
drop motifs. She also replaced the I-cord
edging with a single crochet stitch to sta-
bilize the top edge of the shawl. Carol was
so pl eased with the results of her project
86 I S I' I N · 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 f.l
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2·ply laceweight Rambouillet yarn.
that it was hard to let it go, even to a good
cause. The shawl along with eight other
items completed by the guild's members
was di splayed on the PBS website for a
month leading up to the April 23, 2005,
televi sed auction. The broadcast reached
more than 1. 8 mill ion viewers in Col-
orado and the Rocky Mountain region
and is a maj or fundraiser for the support
of Rocky Mountain PBS.
It was a great surprise to Carol when
on Mother's Day she received the shawl
from her three children and their spous-
es who had watched the many hours she
spent knitting the shawl and then pur-
chased the shawl for her from Rocky
Mountain PBS. \f>
Unprocessed Rambouillet fiber.
24th Annual
I ·
For registration materials, send your name and address (no SASE) to:
SOAR 2006
Interweave Press
20I East Fourth Street. Loveland, CO 80537-5655

(970) 669-7672 ext. 672 or fax (970) 669-61 17
Granlibakken Resort in Tahoe City, California. also the site of SOAR 2002,
is nestled in its own picturesque mountain valley at an elevation of 6,200 feet, a
mile from Lake Tahoe, California. Granlibakken's natural setting contrasts with its
modern conveniences; it is only 55 minutes from the RenofTahoe International
Airport in Reno. Nevada.
Autumn Retreat
October 29-November 5, 2006
Tahoe City, California
With twelve mentors offering a variety of three-day workshops and half-day
retreat sessions, spinners novice to advanced will participate in an unforget-
table experience. There wi ll be plenty of unstructured t ime for sharing your
passion as well as a spinners' market and gallery, fashion show, spin-in, and the
opportunity to hear musings from Stephanie Pearl-McPhee (aka the Yarn Harlot).
Come for all or part of the week.
W orkshop Only: October 29- November I
Tuition is $300 (plus workshop materials fee)
Retreat Only: November 2-5
Tuition is $305 (includes materials fees)
Workshop and Retreat: October 29- November 5
TUition is $580 (plus workshop materials fee)
The SOAR registration booklet with full Informati on will be available in
March by mail and on the Interweave website at www.interweave.com.
October 3D-November I
Rudy Amann • Spinning Wool, 20 I
Jeannine Bakriges • Of Moths, Milk. and More: Spinning Silken Fibers
Nancy Bush and Judith MacKenzie McCuin • From Our Hands
to Yours: The Art and History of Hand Coverings
Maggie Casey • Spinning 101: Learn to Spin or Refresh Your Skills
Sharon Costello • Featherweight Felt
Stephenie Gaustad • The Cellulosics: Cotton, Flax. Ramie. and Hemp
Sara Lamb • Contemporary Cut Pile
Deb Menz • Survey of Synthetic Dyes
Andrea Mielke • Single-Minded Spinning
Linda Shelhamer • Spin Your Own Stripes
110 www.interweave.com
November 3-4
Rudy Amann • Nalbinding
Alden Amos • As the Wheel Turns
Jeannine Bakriges • New Wave Fiber s
Maggie Casey • Boucle the Easy Way
Sharon Costello • Felt Soap
Stephenie Gaustad • Weaving a Wool Gatherers Basket
Sara Lamb· Cardweaving
Judith MacKenzie McCuin • Three W ild Downs: Bison.
Cashmere, and Yak
Deb Menz • Paint Your Own Handspun Yarns
Andrea Mielke • Loop Flowers with Hairpin Lace
Linda Shelhamer • Punch Needle Embroidery for Spinners
Dealer inquiries.. invited.
Free Shipping and Girt!
.JENSEN 24" or 30" Cherry
\Vheel wlDistafT, 3 Bobbins
& 3 Whorls
JENSEN Tina 11
Specials on website.
Girt Certificate with
At Retail w/Girt
Free Shipping
FREE SHIPPING & SALE or GIFT w/most Wheels
Kate & Spindles
Call for our LO\V Price!
Discounts to Schools, Colleges, Government Organizations
We beat advertised prices » Callus for your best deal
BOUNTIFUL, 211 Green Mountain Dr., Livermore, CO 80536
(970) 482-7746' Fax (970) 484·0058 • Order Line: (877) 586-9332
E·mail: info@bountifulspinweave.com
Website: www.bountifulspinweave.com
or contact secretary, Marci a Adams
2510 1Chris Lane N.E.
Kingston WA 98346
For sources of thi s wonderful fi ber and
more informat ion about the breed,
please visit
CSSNA Registered Sheep
Produce a long, silky, lustrous fleece
with a spinning count of 46-50.
Staple length averages 5-8 inches.
It's a favorile with handspinners,
From novice to expert!
They are easy to care for,
Lamb unassisted, usuafly with twins,
and make very efficient use of pasture!
Sucidy o ( Norl lt Ame r i c n I n c.
Registeri ng performance recorded
Coopworths since 1986

o il;'
cP v , ' 1;' ,1)
email : rainfann@tscnet.com
New Shop Hours, 10-6,00 PM Wed
and Sun. by appt.
Spinning and Weaving
Equipment and Supplies
• Louet • Timbertops
• Bosworth • Schacht
• Lendrum • Ashford
• Majacraft • Ertoel
Now carrying Fricke equipment!
Sale: Beautiful Cashmere/Silk Top S.OO/Ol
Tussah silk 4.o% z.
Finnsheep Combed Top 18.5011b
Handpainted Finn Top 2.50/0l
SP R I N C 2006 1 s P I N · O F F I 8 9
Your Yarn! Charkha-Spun Yarns!
We love opening Your Yarn! packages
and reading the details you include. We
have found that handling yarns can be
tricky and were so pleased by the sub-
missions sent in on bits of cardboard
that we would like to encourage every-
one to send in their entries like this.
Charkhas can be a great tool for short staple fibers, While 75 percent of the entries
submitted contained cotton, readers prove that many other fibers can be successfully
spun on a charkha. Some of you that plied on a drop spindle or wheel commented that
plying on your charkha was not optimal. Sti ll, only 18 percent of the ent ries were
singles yarns, while 65 percent were two-ply. Several other yarn struct ures are repre-
sented as well. Charkha spinners gather onli ne at the charkha group hosted by Yahoo!
(http://groups.yahoo. com/group/charkha/). Many ent ries were spun using cigar-box
charkhas built following instructi ons in Marilyn Ri shel Suit 's article, "Cigar-Box
Charkha," in the Winter 1996 issue ofSpin-Off. We have had so many requests for this
sold-out back issue that we have made Marilyn's article available on our website at
The Your Yarn! department will be on summer vacation next issue. Your Yarn!
will return in Fall 2006 featuring cabled yarns; the deadline to submit is June 15,
2006. Please send a five-yard length of handspun yarn labeled wit h your name,
mailing address, phone number, e-rnail address (if you have one), and fiber content.
Mail your yarn, and any comments you may have, to Spin'Off Your Yarn, 201 E.
Fourth St., Loveland, CO80537-5655. Call or e-rnail us with questions at (970) 613-
4672 or spinoff@interweave.com. The yarn won't be returned, but it will be used to
raise money for a wort hy charity. See page 95 to learn more about Spin -Off charity
.. Rickie van Berkum
Stony Brook, New York
Yakdown, 15 w.p.i,
« Belly Clarkson
Lancaster, Pennsyl vania
Cotswold cross, 14 w.p.i.
.. Marjorie Bellringer
Palrner, Alaska
Alaskan wild moose, 16 w.p.i .
LilIian Goldberg ~
Canton, Massachusetts
Cotton, 16 w.p.i.
Anne O' onnor ~
University Park, Maryland
Cotton/wool , 16w.p.i.
.. Helen Seguln
Spring City, Pennsylvania
Cotton/tussah si lk, 13 w.p.i.
""'I( Christine Dalziel
Greenwood, British Columbia,
Cotton, 12 w.p.i.
« Andrea (Cookie)
Hayward, California
Cotton/sil k, 9 wp.i.
l\1orgaine Wilder >-
San Francisco, California
Cotton, 10w. p.i.
Laurel Wnght ~
Salt Lake City, Utah
Pill bottle cotton, 13 w. p.i.
Sue Spencer >-
Cooperstown, Pennsylvania
Egyptian cotton/ray 12 w.p.i.
-< Jessica Sewell
Newtonville, Massachusetts
Persian feline, 25 w.p.i .
-< Karen Bellimer
Liverpool, New York
Cotton, 24 w.p.i.
-< Jacquelyn Brewer
Champaign. Ill inois
Cotton, 26 w.p.i .
-e Sberry Cox
Manahawkin, New Jersey
Cotton/silk noil, 21w. p.i.
-< Nancy Alegria
San Francisco, California
Cotton, 23 w.p.i.
-< Roseann Mauroni
Alexandria, Virginia
Cotton, 22 w.p.i.
Juti Winchester >-
Cody, Wyoming
Cotton, 23 w. p.i.
Helen Demck >-
Fort Bragg, California
Cotton, 24 w. p.i.
Kate Flynn »
San Mateo, California
Cotton/rayon, 25 w. p.i.
Judy Gilchrist »
Duxbury, Massachusetts
Cotton, 22 w. p.i.
Lori Gayle »
Arlinaton, Massachusetts
Cotton/cotton denim,
26 w. p.i.
Martha Janzen >-
Louisville, Kentucky
Cotton/milk silk, 26 w. p.i.
-< Kevin DeVries
Crown Point, Indiana
Cotton, 20 w. p.i.
-< Cyndy Grimm
Brainerd, Minnesota
Cotton, 18 wp.i.
-< Alicia Santiago
Queen Creek, Arizona
Yak down, 17 w.p.i.
-< Susan Ober
Fulks Run, Virginia
Cotton, 20 w.p.i.
-< Lynn Ruggles
Boise. Idaho
Cotton/rayon, 20 w.p.i.
-e Pam Blasko
Oxford, Connecticut
Merinoffencel , 16 w.p.i.
Glenna humbley >
Huntsvill e, Texas
Merino/silk, 18 w.p.i.
Vivien Wright »
Bridgnorth. Shropshire,
Cotton, 20 w.p.i.
Maureen Yukl >-
Clifton Park, New York
Cotton, 17 w.p.i.
Carol Phillpott »
North Canterbury, Kent,
Tussah silk, 20 w.p.i.
'Ienny Sennott >-
Centralia, Missouri
Peruvian cotton, 20 w.p.i.
Katie Cosmic- Phillips >-
Redway, California
Cormo/cotton/silk, 21w.p.i.

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N· 0 F F I 91
Bobbin Special...
a spinner's quarter dozen.
573-874-2233 I -SOO-TlC1-\\ I-: \ \ E
Use our On-lint
Sh() ppillg Canal:
www.Hi llcrekFiberStudio.com
The Petal Poncho
C r euted beauti f ul l y an d easi ly o n
n UT S p r i g ~ s M.iustahl e T' rf an ple
F r a me Loom. or. by combining
smaller pieces created on our Travel Tri·
and Square Looms. Contact us for t his
New Patte r n for the frame looms, and
for our Frame Loom Brnchure. 1· 8UU·
YARN BARN of Kansas
930 Massachusetts
Lawrence, KS 66044
Request our free calor
Weaving & Spinning
Catalog or visit
Ashford: Reg. SD $8.75 Louet: Regular $29.50
Reg. DD $9.95 Hi -Speed $29.50
Joy $10.00 Fatcore $44.00
Lace $12.25 Bulky $33.95
Jumbo SD $10.00 Schacht: Regular $32.00
Jumbo DD $11.25 Hi-Speed $32.00
Kromski: Unfinished $13.00 Reeves Ash $29.50
Fini shed $15.00 Reeves Cherry $34.00
Majacraft: Pl astic $13.00
Wooden $25.00 Offer good through June I. 2005.
Shipping not included.
92 I S P I N • 0 F F I WWW. 1 N T E R W E A V E . C 0 j\J
-< Elizabeth Ribble
Bradenton, Florida
Cotton, 35 w.p.i.
-< Sue Peterson
Bellevue, Washington
Meri no, 36 w.p.i.
-< Margaret More
San Jose, California
Upland cott on, 40 w. p.i.
-< Barbara Clori te-Ventura
Waltham, Massachusetts
Cotton, 38 w.p.i.
-e Susan Tauck
Marcngo, Il linois
Cotton, 39 w.p.i.

Jutta Frankie >-
Berkeley, California
Cotton, 38 w.p.i.
Selah Barling ~
Seattle. Washington
Romney, 36 w.p.i.
Mary LOll Ricci >-
Blaustown, New Jersey
Cotton, 35 w.p.i.
Tomoko Sophie Hogen >-
Tokyo, Japan
Cotton/rayon, 39 w.p.i.
-< Crystal Canning
East Burke. Vermont
Cotton, 27 w.p.i.
-< Morgan Adcock
Watervliet, NewYork
Cotton, 31 w.p.i.
-< Judith Sorgen
Mill Valley, California
Cotton/ramie, 32 w.p.i.
-< Ineke v.d. Heijden
Goor, The Netherlands
Cott on, 28 w.p.i.
-< Deborah Todhunter
Cordova, Tennessee
Silk, 29 w. p.i.
Jeannine Glaves >-
Tulsa, Oklahoma
Cotton/silk, 32 w. p.i.
Laura Chlnn-Smoot >-
San Francisco, California
Cotton, 31 wp.i.
Susan Forsyth >-
Maple Ridge,
British Columbia, Canada
Cotton, 28 w. p.i.
Myra Donnan ~
Rensselaerville, New York
Tussah silk/mohair, 28 w. p.i.
Elisa Mui Eiger >-
Montville, NewJersey
Cotton denim, 32 w.p.i.
Angela Schneider >-
Germantown, Tennessee
Angora, 33 w.p.i.
-< Lydia Towery
Gastonia, North Carolina
Cotton, 32 w.p.i.
Rosemary Janes >-
Redway, California
Silk latte, 42 w.p.i.
Ruth Griffiths ~
Fort Moody, British
Columbia, Canada
Cotton, 40 w.p.i.
-< Kenna Golden
San Francisco, California
Pima cotto r 2· .i .

S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 93
• • •
RR#\ , Belfast, Prince Edward Island,
Canada COA \ AO
Telephone: \ ·902-659-2533
Fax: \ -902-659-2248
E-mail : Richard@mi nimills.net
The demand is where you are
and bigger than ever!
Babe' s Production Wheel
witb Flyer Lead and
Wonder Tension
I Love
f un
Before Form
Catalog: 1-800-628-3208
Babe' s Production Wheel
with a Woolee Winder
Single or Double Treadle
Care/ Slzs/
l abels
Tel . (
_______'6 _
"""" JO Font- J
"""", SN F......' T
{]]'oM IftCIlI.IWS

--.... _ ....11.. ...-..
...... GJ!\1 LU'e>:
W1!1\e, C'e.a"1 ..... Noa"Y
WMe Cream B10ck
36 label, for 00
G,,,,,, Goklen,(l(l
While Gold LUre>: 00 a
S , Ulac:, Green, Noa,.,.
72 labels Ior $31,50
Blul . Srown, SiII' k.
While, Crum
l-H _ !or$49.50
PolJ _1$aocl
6% ......... w
• -"....
$4 ,95
Total IS
"'" t
All _ _I .....1.....,.
Barbara (bj) Heeke ~
Waco, Texas
Cotton, 42 w.p.i.
Ellen Hall ~
Fultondale, Alabama
Kid mohair, 44 w.p.i.
Mary Underwood ~
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Mongolian cashmere, 47 w.p.i.
""'I( Sage l\1cKenzie
Lampassas, Texas
Yak down, 40 w.p.i.
.. Amy Durgeloh
Palmer, Alaska
Cotton/silk, 44 w.p.i .
""'I( Julie Beers
Henderson, Nevada
Pima cotton, 44 w.p.i .
Kate Campbell-Taylor ~
Martinez, California
Cotton, 48w.p.i.
Jessica l\1adsen >-
AnnArbor, Michigan
Cotton, 54 w.p.i.
Christine Johnson >-
Gilroy, California
Cotton, 70w.p.i.
-< Susan Sullivan l\1aynard
Brisbane, California
Cotton/silk, 48wp.i.
-< Amanda Hannaford
Grampound, Cornwall,
United Kingdom
Cotton, 50w.p.i.
.. Willard C. Taylor
Marti nez, California
Cotton, 66 wp.i.
Your Yarn in Action
The eBay auct ion of these fingerless mitts will be held March 6-16,
2006, to benefit the Craft Eme rgency Re lief Fund (CERF). CERF
provides emergency relief assistance, professional and business
development support, and resources to craft artists. CERF was founded
in 1985 by Caro l Sedestrom Ross, Mari lyn Dintenfass, and Josh
Simpso n in an effort to formalize and build on the generosity they
had experienced withi n the craft community. In 1987 CERF began
making loans and since then, the organization has helped more than
400 professional craft artists with over $650,000 in financial assistance,
and about $200,000 in donated services. For more info rmat ion on
CERF, visit www.crafternergency.org,
Amanda Berka, Spin-Offs assistant editor, used yarns
featured in the Your Yarn! Cellulose and Protein! de-
partment in the Summer 2005 issue of Spin-Off for
these mitts.
Recently Auctioned
Joanna Gleasori's Tapestry Box Purse was auctioned on eBay in December to benefit the American Textile Muse-
um. The auct ion raised $250.48 fo r the American Textile Museum in Lowell, Massachusetts. "The purse is absolute-
ly beautiful and incredibly inspiring. I can't wait to make more beaded yarns of my own!" remarked winning bidder,
K. Hayes.
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 95
Abbreviations & Glossary
Shoebox lazy kate
Knitted cast-on: Make a slipknot and place it on a nee-
die held in your left hand. ' With a free needle, knil inlo
Ihe slipknol (I) and place Ihe new si Iwisled onlo Ihe left
needle (2)-2 sts on left needle.
Repeat from " , always knitting into the last st made
(nol Ihe slipknol).
1 inch
2.5 cm
1 foot
30.5 cm
1 yard
0.9 m
1 ounce
28 9
1 pound
454 9
Metric Equivalents
for English
Darning: To fix holes in knitted fabric,
ravel the stitches around the hole until
you have a square or a rectangle. Pick
up the stitches plus one stitch on
either side (to anchor your work) on a
darning needle threaded with matching
yarn. Loosely lace the stitches across
the gap-leave enough space to accorn-
modate the number of rows on either
side of Ihe hole. Then slarl al Ihe
lower right corner of the hole and
make loops around pairs of the lace
stitches to mimic the knitted stitches.
When you gel 10 Ihe left side, move up
a row and work back. Continue this
way until the missing rows of stitches
have been replaced.
BO-bind off
k210g-knil 2 logelher
MI-make 1 by picking up
loop between 2 sts, place
on left needle and knil
inlo back of loop
p210g-purl 2 logelher
psso-pass si st over
RS-righl side
ssk-slip 1 knitwise (Iwice),
place on left needle and
knil logelher Ihrough
back loops
Ibl-Ihrough Ihe back loop
WS-wrong side
Knitting Abbreviations
Some Approximations for Plain Yarns
These numbers are compiled from a variety of sources, from experience, and from patterns,
none of which precisely agree! Use them as rough eslimates only.
Lace 2,600+ I S+ S+
Fingering 1,900- 2,400 16 7-S
Sport 1,200- I ,SOO 14 5Yt-6Yz
Worsled 900-1,200 12 5Yt-S%
Bulky 600-S00 10 3-3%
Very bulky 400-500 S or fewer 1 z - 3 } ~
Vam Style Vards/pound Approximate
Typical gauge
needle size
U.S./ melric
00-2 / 1.75- 2.75 mm
2-4 /2.75-3.5 mm
4-6 /3.5-4 mm
7-9 /4.5-5.5 mm
10-11 / 6- S mm
13- 15 /9-10 mm
96 I S PI N . 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E !\ \' E . C 0 M
Providers of Quality
Handspinning Rovings
and Knitting Yarns
25656 Hwy. T, Warsaw, MO 65 355
660-438-2106 processing info.· 660-286-3125 yarn info.
whitegf@earthlink.nel ·ozarkcarding.com
70%ImiNO ' 30%SilK
\].00/ 101.
Sharon Meador
Bring your fiher
to the show.
Gail & Jim \Vhite
We are a full -service mill offering washing, open ing, carding,
pin drafting and machine spinning.
We offer processing for , and blends of:
wool, alpaca, llama, mohai r, silk, cotton, bunny, and dog hair.
End products are roving, batts, webs, and yarn.
we will return, at your expense,
flher not suitable for processing into roving or yarn.
Our 2006 shows are:
MO Fiber Retreat - Jefferson City
Fleece Fair - Greencastle, IN
MD Sheep & Wool - West Friendship
Heart of America - Sedalia, MO
Ml Fiber Festival - AlIegan
SAFF - Asheville, Ne
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Fiber Arts Supplies!
Ashford, Lendrum, Schact
Brown Sheep, BaabaJoe's
Bryspun, Misti Alpaca, Kollage
Kromski , Bri ttany, Addi, Louet
Mill Ends, Seconds and more...
& looms


For unbelievable fleece,
find the Shetland breeder nearest you!
North American
Shetland Sheep Association
S P R I N C 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 97
The llama pictured here is one of 15,000 animals
that were regi stered for various exhibits and compe-
tilions al the 100th National Western Stock Show,
Denver's largest festival , held January 7- 22, 2006.
Thi s year's show set record attendance of 726,972
and included both a sheepshearing contest and
judging of wool for handspinning. For more infor-
mation, visit www.nationalwestern.com. Please keep
sending us photos or hiqh-quality digital images of
your fiber-bearing animals to Spinner's Connection,
201 E. Fourth St. , Loveland, CO 80537, or e-mail
us at spinoff@interweave.com. Make sure to send
a copy (not the original) as we will keep all the
photos for possible use in a future issue.
ur spinning groups are impor-
tant in cou nt less ways. Meet-
ings give us exposure to the
accumulated knowledge of all those
present. Members are on hand to solve
problems, encourage growth, witness
t riumphs, and inspire new goals. A
group can widen our interest s and
opportunities much more readily than
solo attempts made outside of it. These
benefi t s exist because members
consciously take an active part in
providing for the good of the whole.
A small piece of pr inted glass
hanging in my kitchen window quotes
Maya Ange lou, "When you get, give;
when you learn, teach." How especial-
ly appropriate to handspinners! Here
are several stories about making this
contribut ion.
Tami Cole of the Las Aranas Spin-
ners & Weavers Guild (New Mexico)
learned to spin by si tting each evening
next to a woman volunteeri ng her time
at a small agricultural fair in New Jersey.
Tami joined her current guild after
watching member Ruth Ronan working
at a loom in a sheep-to-shawl boot h.
Ruth, who obviously enjoyed de monst rat ing, gave passionate
answers to Tami's questions and urged Tami to join the group.
As time went on Tarni's excuses for declining meetings or for not
volunteering for events gave way to parti cipating. Tami eventu-
ally signed up for the required shifts at a guild booth in exchange
for the opportunity to sell items from her farm. "Full blown anx-
iety prevailed!" she says, "as all of my experience [in spinning
and dyei ng] was in the privacy of my own home." Though she
was clearly out of her comfort zone, members stepped in to guide
her and make her performance a success. Her perspective
completely changed after her experience of helpi ng and be ing
helped. She rearranged her schedule to ensure she would not
miss another guild meeting. In fact, when her sister and her fam-
ilyvisited from Oregon, Tami sent them to a pizza parlor with a
frie nd to ensure that she was free to attend the guild's meeting.
Di ana Twiss of the Langley Weavers & Spinners Guild
(British Columbia, Canada) was asked to serve as guild president
last year. Ai, she thought about it, what
came to mind were not "visions of
leadership and holding t he reins of
power (a good t hing or I would have
been a bit disappoint ed), but the
simple fact that it was my turn." Con-
" trary to her expectations, she found it
~ a pleasure t o organize the meetings,
: help process newsl etter issues, and
::; represent the guild in the larger
~ community. With over one hundred
~ members, the group has a number of
~ tale nte d artisans, and "just about
;: anythi ng you want or need t o learn
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ... ~ about fi ber arts can be learned from a
fe llow member." At her last executive
meeting, discussions and plans for the
coming year were forming and Diana
fe lt a st rong cohesion among the
members. Ashi ft from serving their
own needs to first addressing the
learning needs of new members grew
out of the realization that this was how
they had become artisans themselves.
She reported, ".. . people came for-
ward . .. who would like to teach these
classes. These are exci ti ng times, as
t he mentored become mentors and
the learning goes on [with] our own experts .. . will ing to share
t heir time, energy, and observations of the craft wit h us."
Teaching what we have learned and givi ng back to ot hers
keeps groups alive and often is t he attraction for nonspinners
to join our guilds. Your newsl etters also attest to creating long-
last ing friendships that begin with spinning and carry over into
ot her areas of our lives. These newsletters help keep all of us
in touch. Barbara Kramer of the Slalen Island Handspinners
(New York) sent me an e-mail after she read about Karen
Amble's journey to Scotland and subsequent quest to spin in
"Spinner's Connection" in the Spring 2005 issue. Barbara said,
"I am the spinner Karen got in touch with as I was president
of the guild. I just resigned after fourteen years. The new
president is Karen Amble! " To find a group near you, visit
www.interweave.com/spin/resources/spinninUuilds.asp. Some
guil ds are fo rmal or traditional with elected officers and dues,
while others meet at impromptu gatherings as lifestyles allow.
98 I S P IN . 0 F F I w w W . I ~ T E R W E ,\ V E . C 0 1\1
Camel Rides
Pelting Zoo
Door Prizes
Food Vendors
Flax to Linen Demo
Youth Competition
Kids Fiber Animal camp
of their choice. They meet weekly at a
local bookstore to learn and guide eac h
other until the project is completed. The
Alpine Weavers and Spinners used up
their thrums to prepare 200 seven-strand
braid kits for a demonstration for second
grade rs at an eleme nta ry sc hool. The
Yellowslone Weavers and Spinners
(Wyoming) install ed a month-long
di spl ay at the Cody Library. Items
included a handspun, knitted scarf to be
Various Animals will be thereJaryouto enjoy
For more InJo &Jar Participation call
Pal Fender at (812) 829-4501 er email: rpfender@bluemarble,nel
CHECK.Q[Jf OUR WEB SITE at www.fleecefair.corn
s'Jprie 7. 2006 ~ 4:OOpmto 7: 00 pm
s'Jprie 8, 2006 ~ 9:00 am to5-00pm
fPutnam r5()unty [ff(n"!lrounds - rJreenc(l1Jtfe, Jfndiana
Over 150 Booths
Free Mini-Workshops
Pony Rides
Fleece Competition
Skein Competition
Fiber Arts Competition
activities through a state-wide newsletter.
"AThread Runs Through It" is the theme
for their annual confe rence next August,
and class offerings will reflect the number
of fiber and knitt ing groups that have
sprung up and enlarged their attendance.
Recent newsworthy activities include the
foll owing. In the Billings area, the
Montana Fiber Crafters are engaged in a
Shawl Knit Al ong. All participants follow
the same free online pattern using yarn
Fleece Fair provides Fiber Fantasy in a rainbow of cotorful tibers
Llama - Alpaca- Silk - Angora - Mohair - Linen - Col/on
and various types ofSheep 's Wool in natural & dyed colorslll!
Also: Spinning & Weaving Supplies, Books, Handmade
Items, Sheep & Fiber related Craft It ems, Yarn & Knitting Sup-
plies, Alpaca Rugs, Homemade Soap, Roving, Blankets, Sheep
Hides, Baskets and sooooo much more!!!!!
Guild News
Happy Anniversary to the Twisl o'Wool
Guild (Vermont) celebrat ing its twenty-
sixth year. The New Year was ushered in
with the "Best & Worst Show & Tell" and
a potluck on Rock Day. Hand-dyed carded
batts were passed out to members to be
spun, plied, and then used for an afghan
project to be sold in May at an annual auc-
ti on benefiting the local hospice.
Members of the Tucson Handweavers
and Spinners Guild (Arizona) became
te levision stars whe n they voluntee red
for a phone pl edge dri ve for a local TV
stat ion. Members of the gu ild we re
invit ed to bring their proj ects and were
featured live during most of the pledge
breaks. Thi s opport u nity to talk about
the group and inform the viewing public
of their presence in town was so much
fun that members have al ready volun-
t eered for the next drive.
Enthusiasm for Mother Earth and
literature about the great outdoors forms
the latest desi gn challe nge for the
Peachlree Handspinners Guild (Geor-
gia). "Fashion Flora and Fauna" calls for
proj ects using fiber to depi ct a nature
theme. Any medium is acceptable, but
no commercial patterns may be used.
Each year's proj ect results are exhibited
at the Dekalb Main Library in Decatur,
and items made wit h woo l are later
displayed at the Georgia National Fair.
Montana has an association of weav-
ing and spinning groups who share their
The news for this column comes
from you, the readers, and [ love to hear
from you. Mail newsletters to me at the
address below. To read more news than
can be printed here, send a self-addressed
legal-size enve lope with postage for two
ounces to Peggy Coffey, 7297 N. Range
Road, LaPorle, IN 46350. Several peo-
pl e t aking trips have request ed news
from groups in the areas they will visit,
and I am happy to send you what is avail-
able. There is fun and adventure wait ing
for you when you ar e connected.
SPRINC 2006 1 S PIN · o F FI 9 9
to the human eye than one that is not.
Suggestions for practical uses of t hese
concepts included determining the width
of an afghan, developing a sequence of
st ripes, and calculating the number of
balls of yarn needed for a mul ti colored
but randomly patterned piece.
Examples of traditional fiber arts skills
were provided in the Country Store at the
Wi sconsin Sheep & Wool Fest ival
by the Pleasant Spinners.
z They gave ongoing demonstrations
of handcarding, combing, spinning,
-kni tting, and weaving and encour-
aged bystanders to ask questions.
S The guil d started meet ing in 1979
,;: as an informal organization.
The Foothill Fibers Guild (Cal-
ifornia) newsletter featured tips on
Crock-Pot dyeing from member
Beryl Moody. After reading an
article about dyeing in Spin -Off
years ago, she says, "I haven't
looked back once since I first tri ed
ton) newsletter lately. Three mathemat-
ical concepts to help in designi ng
patterns and projects were explained in
one issue followed by examples of how
to use them in the months foll owing.
Exampl es of Fibonacci Numbers, Lucas
Numbers, and the Golden Rati o are
common in nature. A proportion based
on one of them appears more attractive
Fiber for a "blanket of hope" was spun by twenty-seven spin-
ners and woven by six weavers of the Central Ohio Weavers
Guild to present to member Cheryl Koncsol who was diag-
nosed with cancer. Cheryl is now on the road to recovery and
her prognosis is good. Pictured from left to right are: Lois
Ereira, Sue Riley·Brown, Pat Bullen, Nancy Goldschmidt, Pat
Radloff, Iris Meier, Sue Briney, Kathleen Craig, Dee Dee
Ptaszek, and Cheryl Koncsol.
raffl ed to benefi t the library. In August
t he group demonst rated for t he "Eliza-
beth I, Rul er and Legend" museum dis-
play sponsored by t he Powell Library.
The editor for the Spindle and Dyepot
Guild (Wisconsi n) will wash t he car of
any member sending in an article for the
newsl ett er. Unable to write one? Parn
Jablonsky says, "Telephone and talk it to
me." This group bustles wit h
acti vi ty whenever they meet. For
example, a show-and-tell included
the results of using icing dyes in a
Crock-Pot, preparing fiber using a
dog comb wit h rotat ing teeth,
dyeing with avocado pits and peels,
and t rying t hree braiding tech-
niques: kumihimo, lucetting, and
cord twisting. Short how-to articles
on each technique we re in sub-
sequent newsletters for those un-
able to attend.
Mat h has been a part of the
Valley Spinners' Guild (Washing-
*Cardi ng
*Roving/ Balts
*Blendi ng
Come see our spin on the wool wide web!
Unspun wool for craft applicat ions .
Se nd $10.00 for Sample Cards
16 Mather St., Boston MA 02 124
Telephone (617) • Fax (6 17) 288' 1050
e-mail wool@rhlindsaywool.com
We Offer The Following Services:
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Speciali zing in Fine and Dual Coated Fibers
No Minimums 319-86B-3099
Chris McElhinney & Sharon Lawson
15514 46th St. Wapello, lA 52653
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Seattle, WA 98105
book arts
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100 I S P IN· o F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
The Woolgathers of the Comox Valley (Canada) were
invited to demonstrate spinning and weaving and sell their
handspun and handwoven items at the Filberg Festival on
Vancouver Island. Pictured here, Judy Maclean demonstrates
a great wheel at the festival.
slow cooking my yarn instead of my
dinner. " She makes up dye stocks
using a cup of hot wat er and a
teaspoon of dye wit h no intent on
producing a given calor. However,
she is careful about keeping her pH
between 4.5 and 5.0 so that the dye
is absorbed quickly. After the fi rst
color is absorbed by the yarn and
disappears from the water, she pours
a different color over the yarn
without stirring it for unique results.
Beryl has found that natural and acid
dyes work equally well wit h t hi s
method, and she achieves mini mal
bleeding when the yarn is rinsed.
Afi eld trip to the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard
University was sparked by a workshop on
gauze for the Weavers' Guild of Boston
(Massachusetts ). Several categories of
Peruvian gauze were selected fo r the
group t o view, including plain weave
woven of balanced yarns, monochromat ic
gauze woven with crepe or overspun yarn,
gauze in which color, as well as patt ern,
was an element, and gauze serving as a
base fo r other techniques and embellish-
ments. The curator and database admin-
istrator wore gloves and manipulated
fabrics so the members could see the
fragile fabri cs wit hout touching t hem.
The range of techniques, the fi neness of
t he spinning, and the skill of the
weaving impressed the members
enough to plan another visit.
•. What do you do with samples of
fl eeces and yarn? Gage Evans of the
E Rocky Mountain Weavers Guild
" (Colorado) could not throwout any
-" amount of fi ber, and began sorting
S them into similar colorways, Using
c, handcards, she "folded" the bits into
a white fl eece, lett ing it act as a
background and extender. The col-
ors became the focus of the yarn
she created as a spinning sample
for the group's newsletter. The guild
recentl y took part in t he 100th anni-
versary of t he Nat ional Western Stock
Show in Denver. Twenty-seven members
donated over 200 hours total demon-
st rat ing weaving and spinning for
attendees including 20,000 children
part icipating in the school tour program.
. , .
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, ,
: (8 lb. Mininum run) " WOOL fIBERS:
: ' Addi!. Fees charged for 15Ib M' . I' Roving Only :
, d . . m'numrun llama. Alpaca, Angora Mohai r etc. :
: runsun er mm. : :' Addi!. Fees charged for runsunder min. '
: Washed, Picked {I( Carded Into : : Picked {I( Carded Into : : Raw over Slbs. per run ,. reg. $8.25 lb. :
: Balling Reg. $6.25 lb. : : Batt i ng Reg , $5. 50 lb. : : NOW $7.25 lb. ,
: NOW $5.25 lb. : : NOW $4.50 lb. : : Prewashed over5Ibs.Per run** $7.25 lb.:
: Roving Reg. $6.25 : : Roving Reg. $5.50 : : NOW $6.25 lb.
: NOW $5.25 lb. : : NOW $4.50 lb. : : ' Add!. Feescharged forrunsunder min.
·. -. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -. -. -. . _. . -------- . ------------------.
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.....,-:-</.. We W.Urfle Accepting'WQol on Satwi;iag-.&, Sunday;·.•.s-;-.····... .,/
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S P R I N G 2 0 0 6 I S PIN · 0 F F I 101
Conference of Northern California
= C
May 5 - 7, 2006
Modesto Centre plaza
1000 LStreet, Modesto, CA
Fri . It S ;al. 1I) :OO -O :uo. SUD . 10:0"-4:00
'til l I 20tl _Of)
Bead ib how
www.thefibc rfcst. com
MK Concepts, LLC: (310) 84s-91U
Santa Monica Chi C" Auditorium
1855 Mai n Street, Santa MQRlca, CA 9(1401-3209
Marketplace, Semi na rs, Fashion Show,
Ga ll eries, Demonstrations, & MORE!
For more Information, visit us onl ine:
The Black Sheep Gathering, Inc.
86460 Lorane Hwy, Eugene, Oregon 97405 • 541-484-1011
Sheep and Angora Goat Shows' Fiber Arts Show
Angora Rabbit Exhibit· Wool Show and Sale
Workshops' Sheep-to-Shawl . Raffle
Trade Show' Spinner's Lead· Educational Talks
Demonstrations' Saturday Night Potluck Dinner
June 23, 24 and 25, 2006
Lane County Fairgrounds
Eugene, Oregon
The Black Sheep
Celebrating natural colored animals
and their fibers
102 I S PI N · 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
.'tooterey County Fair Wool Show. open, August
15-20. in Nonterey, seeks handcraft and fleece
ent ries. Entry deadline June 29. (831) 372-
5863; www.montereycountytair.corn.
Fleece to Shawl contest. open. April 29. at the Con-
necticut Sheep, Wool. and Fiber Festival, at 101-
land Agricultural Center. (860) 684-2124;
Florida Tropical Wea\'ers' Guild seeks teacher and
ven dor applications for t he 2008 conference.
Jacki Malone. 313 Bay St. , Tarpon Springs, FL
34689. jcmftwg@tampabay.rr.com.
Spin a Grand Strand. open, juried skein exhibit in
Grand Rapids in conjunction with Convergence
2006 in June. Entry postmark deadline May
15. Spi n a Grand St rand, Handweavers Guild
of America. 1255 Buford Hwy, Ste. 211, Suwa-
nee, CA30024. (678) 730-0010; hga@weavespin
Weave rs Confere nce 2007, seeks pro-
posals for workshops and seminars June 17- 23,
2007. in Lincoln. Kitt Hamersky, 543 1 Hamil-
ton St., Omaha, NE 68132. treadler@cox.net.
Peters Valley Craft Fair, September 29-0ctober 1,
in Augusta. welcomes applications from artists
selling handcrafted items. Application deadline
3 1. Nancy Nolte. Peters Valley Craft Cen-
ter. 19 Kuhn Rd.. Layton. NJ 07851. (973) 948-
5200; fax (973) 948-0011; pV@Warwick.net;
WW\\' . petersvalley.org.
Blue Ridge Handweaving Show, biennial interna-
tional non-juried exhibit of handwovens. Oc-
tober. in Asheville. Entry forms and fees dead-
line August 3 1. Sue Reynolds. Registrar, Blue
Ridge Handweaving Show. PO Box 18602.
Ashevill e, NC 28814. ....:ncfhg@main.nc.us;
Black Swamp Spinners' Guild ' ta rket Day, April
1, in Bowling Green, welcomes vendors. Edie,
(517) 486-5898; candles@tc3net.com.
Lake Metroparks' Fiberfest, June 17-18 seeks fi ber-
relat ed vendors for the festival, in Kirtland. An-
drea Pasqual e. (800) 366-3276; apasquale@
Fiherart International. open, juried exhi bit April
l a- August 19,2007. in Pittsburgh. Slide dead-
line August 18. Send SASE to Mary Towner,
103 Narble Dr.• PA 15317. (412)
521·2547; fiberartinternat ional@Yahoo.com:
fESTIVALS ,1 _'0
July 29. Lambtown. fiber festival. in Dixon. Will
include First Annual National Spinning Com-
petit ion. Dana Foss, PO Box 492. Dixon. CA
95620. (707) 678-7386; dcarpio@lambtown
.com; www.lambtown.corn.
August 18-20. Fabulous Fi ber Fest 2006, Santa
Monica Civic Auditorium. Concepts. LLC.•
3767 Overland Ave., Ste. 102. Los Angeles, CA
90034. (310) 845-9111; fax (310) 845-9199;
www.thefiberfest. com.
Enjoy scenic Camp Myrllewood in spring
while at Ihe Fiber in the Forest retreat,
Euqene, Oregon.
,'Il ay 25- 2 8. Pagosa Fiber Festival, at Archul eta
County Fairgrounds. RI. 84 south of Rt. 160,
Pagosa Springs. (970) 264-5232; Pauline@
pagosafiberfest ivaI.corn; w....'W. pagosaflber
June 15-18. Estes Park Wool Market and Fiber
Animal Show. in Estes Park. Estes Park Wool
Market . PO Box 1967. Estes Park. CO 80517.
(970) 586-6104; lax (970) 586-3661; events@
April 29. Connecticut Sheep. Wool. and Fiber Fes-
t ival, at Tolland Agricultural Center, Rt. 30 off
1-84. Exit 67. (860) 6&\-2124; www.CTSHEEP
June 4-5. Celebration of Textiles, at The Textile Mu-
seum, 2320 S St. NW, Washington, DC 20008.
(202) 667-0441; fax (202 ) 483-0994 ; info@
textilemuseum.org: www.textilemuseum.org.
.' l arch 10-13. 4th Annual Bloomie Fest for spin-
ners. knitte rs. and weavers . in Bloomington.
(80S) 529· 1816: d2wms@'yahoo.com.
April 22. 10th Annual Stephenson County Piber
Art Fair. at Jane Addams Center, 430 W. Wash-
ington St., Cedarville. Suzy Beggin. PO Box 54,
Stockton. IL 61085. (8 15) 947-2872; Suzy@
Suzylleggin.com: www.SuzyBeggin.comIFAF
.ht m; Nancy Jones. (815) 563-4911.
June 3. Hossier Hills Fiberarts Fest ival. at John-
son County Fairgrounds, Franklin. Toni \\'al-
ter, (3 17) 535-0833: hhff@'wilwa.net: www
.hhfi berfest .com.
April 21-23. Central Plains Piber Festival and
Kansas Alliance of Weavers and Spinners An-
nual Meet ing. at Phillips County Fairgrounds,
Phillipsburg. Sally Brandon. 356 E. Hunter Rd.,
Phill ipsburg. KS 67661. (785) 638- 2803; WW\V
.cent raIplainsfiberfest.co m.
JunelO--l1. Annual Piber Frolic, at Windsor Fair-
grounds. www.fiberfrolic.com.
April 9. ABC Show, alpaca fl eece show and sale, at
Howard County Fairgrounds, West Friendship.
Ka te Perez, (301) 607-9 129; www.Alpaca
,'Itay 27-28. 32nd Annual Massachusetts Sheep and
Woolcraft Fair. at the Cummington Fair-
grounds. www.masheepwool.org.
.'Itay 13-14. Mi nnesota Shepherd's Harvest Sheep
& Wool Festival. at Washington County Fair-
grounds. Lake Elmo. www.shepherdsharvest
festival .erg.
20. Fiber Fair. at Webster County Fairgrounds,
Marsbfield. Helen Grace Muzzy. (417) 859-7840.
,'Il ay 13-14. 30th Annual New Hampshire Sheep
& Wool Festival. at Hopkinton State Fair-
grounds. Contoocook. Lenore Sousa. lenore
cun@aol.com; Jeff Jordan. (603) 798-5074: Na-
dine Chounet, (603) 744 -3851 ; ti nyfarm@
metrocas t.net: www.yankeeshepherd.com.
June 17-18. 5th Annual Jefferson County Sheep
& Wool Festi val, at Stone Mills Agricultural
Museum. Rt. 180. Laf'a rgeville. Janet Schrad-
er, (315) 232· 3786: Tom Mit chell , Tomit ch@
verizon. net.
-s-continued on page 105
S P R I N G 2 u () ti I s PI N · 0 ,. F I 103
Carded wool
in 5 natural and
19 dyed colors.
Custom carding
and spinning
Send $2.
for sample cards.
Dealers inquiries invited.
-- -
flael9J, IL60152
FAX: 815-568-5342
E!lTIlIiI : thefoId@rrc.net
YNo'Nlaldspimrg..rooomllll ..... ""·oId
VIsa, M3stetcad, OiSOCM!!l'
Come see us at the 2006 shows!
April 7/8 - Fleece Fair -
Greencastle, IN
May 6/7 - Maryland S&W
Aug J 0-13 - Stitches Midwest
Aug 19120 - Michigan FF
Oct 21122 - NY State S&WF
104 I S PI N · 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
more Calendar.
(cont inued fr om page 103)
• •
Apri l 1. Black Swamp Spinners' Guil d of NW Ohio
annual Market Day and Piber Fair, at Wood
County Fairgrounds, Junior Fair Bldg., 13800
W. Poe Rd., Bowli ng Gr een. Sus an Cayt on,
(419) 874-5633; caytonsj@j uno.com; www
j\1ay 27-28. Great Lakes Fiber Show, at Wayne
County Fairgrounds, 199 Vanover St. Woost -
er. Linda Reichert , (330) 264-9665; don47linda
@valkyri e.net ; www. lambzown.com/ Great
June 17- 18. Lake Met roparks' Piberfest, in Kirt-
land. Andrea Pasquale, (800) 366-3276;
j\l arc h 25. High Desert Wool Growers' Fiber Mar-
ket Day, at Crook County Fairgrounds, Prine-
ville. Robina Koenig, t umblecreekfarm@
.May 19- 22. Piber in the Forest , at Camp Myrtl e-
wood, off Hwy. 42, 40 miles west of 1-5. Fiber
in the Forest , 249 Coachman Dr., Eugene, OR
97405. Suzie Liles , (541) 684-5900; www
.weaverscabi n.com.
October 7, 8. The Fall Fiber Fest ival of Virginia
Mont pelier Estat e, Orange County, Vi rgini a.
David Singleton, (434) 990-9068; dr s3y@
virginia.edu: WW\.....fallfiberfestival. erg.
April 1- 2. 35th Annual Whidbey Weaver s' Guild
Spin-In, at Oak Harbor High School , Oak Har -
bor. Patricia Oet ken, (360) 678-0930; whidbey
April 20- 23. 27t h Annual Shepherds' Ext rava-
ganza. at the fairgrounds in Puyallup. Li n, (425)
432-3455; lin@shepherds-ext ravaganza.com;
June 30-July 3. Alice Springs Beanie Festival. Alice
Springs, Northern Territory, Australia. wwwbeanie
fest. org.
March 31- April l. Fibrefest International 2006, at
Tradex, Abbotsford. Marilyn Ross, (604) 856-
0771; www.fibrefestintemational.corn.
July 18- 22 or 25-29, 2007. Prince Edward Island
Tapest ry Ret reat. Weave a small tapestry with
naturally dyed yarns. Accommodat ions avail-
able. All levels welcome. (520) 792-6665; W\OIlW
April 29- 30. New Forest Need lework Fiesta, at
Brockenhurst Village Hall. Fiesta, do 38 South
si.. Penni ngton. Lymington S0 41 8DX, En-
gland. (01590) 673334.
j\larch 16--19. Fibers Through Time 2006, confer-
ence of the Arizona Federation of Weavers and
Spinners Guilds, at Central Arizona College,
Coolidge. Anit a Bellinger, 2032 E. Tonopah Dr.,
Phoenix, AZ 85024. (602) 485-9757; abellinger
@cox.net ; www.azfed.org.
j\larch 16--19. Florida Tropical Weavers Guild Con-
ference. Penny Morgan, (561) 272-1000; Sandy
Carr, tum.weavecpver izon.net ; www.ftwg.org.
June 25-J uly 1. Convergence 2006, Handweavers
Guild of Ame rica biennial confere nce , at De
- continued on page 107
Meeting Your Fiber Needs for Two Decades
We are one of the largest Custom Processing
Fiber Mills in North America and we
encourage you to visit.
Overnight accommodations available.
Pencil Roving
Comforter Batts
Pin Drafted Roving
Felting Batts
Quilt Batts
Prices based on FINISHED weight
We also carry animal products, books, fibers for
blending, spinning wheels and spinning supplies.
Along with producing lofty roving from wool , al-
paca, llama, angora, buffalo, yak,
cashmere and mohair.... we can process:
Call to discuss the best Processing
Method for your individual needs.
Ohio Valley Natural Fibers
Kent & Ginny Ferguson
Julie Basham
854 1 Louderback Rd.
Sardinia, OH 451 71
(937) 446-3045
~ Write, e-rnail or call for FREE brochure.
t..: NEW E-mail: info@ovnf.com
~ Website: www.ovnf.com
~ Check Website for Show Schedules,
~ fuJecials and Gift Certificate
S P R I N G 2 0 0 6 I S PI N · 0 F F I 105
CARDING--batts or roving--
9190 5. Cent ennia l Lane
Canby, OR 9701:3
www.farrta eyfibere.com
ffibers @web-ster.com
WASHING--$3,OOI# incomingweight
DEHAIRING--pri ced accordi ngto fiber
t ype and charged on incoming weight
Worsted wgt . 500-100Oyds/#--$23.501#
Sport wgt. 1000 -1500yds/#--$26 ,OOI#
Lace wgt. 1500 -20 00/yds/#--$28.0 01#

Felting Needles &Supplies
Living Felt Neecllefelting Kits
whelesele Il"lquirieJi WekOrTle4
Wool & Exotic Hbers
and Yam
Spinning &Weeving
Supplies and Equipment
Blue Goose Glen
'1laynes" Colonial Spinning Wheel
(Established 1974)
• Long life bearings ·Patented quick-change Flyer
• Built-in Lazy Kate • Very easily assembled
• Unfinished or Polished • Single or double Treadle
• Handcrafted by " Skilled Craftsmen for Crafts People"
world wide
Partly assembled kit insured, post free.
For full price list and brochure of Wheels and Accessories,
please write, fax, or email to -
20 Gordons Road, P.O. Box 218, Ashburlon, New Zealand.
Fax +64 3 308-6884, Email: baynes@ashburlon.co.nz
Website: www.spinning.co.nz
June 15-
Sign up now for shows,
workshops, contests.••
WorkshopsJ June 15-16
& spi nmng
Dyeing,," Felling
Knitt ing & Crocheting
Contests, June 17-18
Fleece Sheep 10 Shawl
Handspnn Skeins
Shows, Exhibits, June 18-19
Llamas Alpacas
Goats & Sheep
Commercial and Educational
Booths and Displays
Call or e-mail (or information
970-S86-6J04, EClents@esles,Qrg,
Fax: 9'10-586-3661
P.O.Box 1967 Estes Park, CO80517
Weaving· Basketry· Spinning
Knitting· Classes· Equipment
635 S. Broadway, Unit E
Boulder, Colorado 80305
(in the Table Mesa Center)
(303) 494-1071· (800) 283-4163
Visit our web site:
Mon 12-6 pm • Tues-Sall 0-6 pm
Closed Sundays
106 I S P I N · 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
more Calendar.
(continued from page 105)
• •
Vas Place Convention Center, Grand Rapids.
(678) 730-0010; fax (678) 730-0836; hga
convergencecoweavespindye. org: www.weave
June 1- 4. Northwest Regional Spinners' Associa-
t ion Conference, at the Univers ity of Puget
Sound, Tacoma. www.nwrsa.org.
August 13-14. Selling Yarns: Australian Indige-
nous Textiles and Good Business in the 21st
Century, conference, at The Museum and Art
Gallery of the Nort hern Territory, The Theat r-
ette, Darwin, NT. nihca@anu.edu.au.
June 2-7. Warped and Twisted-a-Creative Colou r
Connect ions. Conference of the Handweavers.
Spinners and Dyers of Alberta Provincial Guild,
at High River, Alberta, 30 minutes south of Cal-
gary. nswgta'shaw.ca; wwvv. hwsda.org.
October 5-8. Spintreffen conference, in Wupper-
tal. www.spinntreffen.org.
Through April 15 (Closed for spring break, March
16--27). Material Witness, featuring the flbers
program, at Colorado State University. Colorado
College Coburn Art Gallery, Worner Campus
Center, 902 N. Cascade Ave., Colorado Springs,
CO 80903. (7191389-6797.
Through July 30. Seldom Seen: Director's Choice
from the Museum's Collections. March 17-Sep-
tember 3. Harpies, Mermaids, and Tulips: Em-
broidery of the Greek Islands and Epirus Re-
gion. Exhi bits at The Textile Museum, 2320 S
St. NW, Washington, DC 20008.(202) 667-0441;
fax (202) 483-0994 ; info@textilemuseum.org;
.t\larch 21 -l\"lay 6. Folks in Fiber, invitational ex-
hibition, at Cahoon Museum of American Art,
4676 Falmouth Rd., PO Box 1853, Cotuit , MA
02635. (508) 428-7581; fax (508) 420-3709;
June 23-July 21. Highlights of the Fiber Depart-
ment, exhibit from Wayne State Univer sity, at
Community Arts Gallery, 150 Communi ty Arts
Bldg., Detroit.
June l f -July 28. Focus Fiber: 2006, regional ju-
ried exhibit, in Cleveland, at The Textile Art Al -
li ance of Cleveland Museum of Art. Send SASE
to Christine Maurersberger, 1286 W. 112th St.,
Cleveland, OH 44102; focusfi ber@yahoo.com.
May5-7. Handwovens Plus, Port land Handweavers
Guil d Annual Sale, at t he Oregon Convention
Center, 777 NE Martin Luther King Blvd., Port-
land. Margaret Zeps, (503) 638-5430; zepsm@
hevanet.com: Laurie Brown, (503) 635-6520;
RavelloLMB@aol .com.
May 27-August 26. Exhibit of nineteenth-centu-
ry caps, clothing, and household textiles, at the
Home Text ile Tool Museum on SR 1036, Or-
well. Home Textile Tool Museum, PO Box 153,
Rome, PA 18837. inforcehttm.org. v..........w.home
- continued on page 108
(877) 767-2920 • (989) 652-2920· Fax (989) 652-2940
Website: www.zwooI.com • Evmail: zwool@aoI.com
Early Spring Processing Special
20% discount on prepay roving and batting orders from
March I-April 15
Discount good with check or money orders only.
Visit our website for all pricing!
Ravings Dehair Llama Quiits
Combed Top and Cashmere Comforters
Battings Yarn Mattress Pads
Pencii Ravings Socks Pillows
Visit our website
for the spring shows that
we will be attending
S P R I N G 2 0 0 6 I S P I N· 0 F F I 107
more Calendar.
(cont inued from page 107)
• •
April 22-23. Fiesta Arts Fair, at the Southwest
School of Art & Craft, San Antonio. Barbara
Hill, (210) 224-1848; bhilleoswschool.org.
May 4- 3 1. Natural Textiles of Akihiko Izukura, at
t he Sil k Weaving Studio, #15-155 1 Johnston
St., Granville Island, Vancouver, Bri t ish Co-
lumbia. (604) 687-7455; silkeos ilkweaving
studio.corn; ' ....ww.silkweavingstudio.com.
George Hewitt l\"lyers: An American Original, June
8, lect ure by Daniel Walker. Oriental Rugs ,
June 15, lect ure by Daniel Walker. Southeast
Asian Text iles , June 22, lect ure by Mat tiebelle
Cittinger, Western Hemisphere Textiles, June
29, lecture by Ann Pollard Rowe. Islamic Tex-
tiles, July 8, lect ure by Sumru Belger Krody.
Lunchtime Textile Talks. at The Textile Muse-
um, 2320 S St. NW, Washi ngton, DC 20008.
(202) 667-044 1; fax (202) 483-0994 ; info@
t extilemuseum.org: www.textilemuseum.org.
Knitter's Retreat/Workshop, August 7-13, at Medo-
mak Camp and Retreat Center, Washington.
(866) 633-6625; \....ww.medomakcamp.com.
Dyeing as if the Earth Mattered, August 25-27,
Workshop wit h Michele Wipplinger, at Hope
Spinnery, 725 Camde n Rd., Hope, ME 04847.
(207) 763-4600; www.hopespinnerycom; Earth-
ues, (206) 789-1065; \....ww.eatthues.com.
Ever So Lightly Felted Vest, July 13- 14. Strip Felt
Vest , July 15- 16. Workshops with Poll y Stir-
ling, at The Fiber Stud io, 9 Foster Hill Rd.,
Henniker, NH 03242. (603) 428-7830; www
.fiberst udio.com.
Twill Saddle Blanket Weave, April 3- 7, with Liesel
Orend. Int r o to Rio Gra nde Weaving, April
17- 20, with Karen Mart inez. Upholstery Weav-
ing Chimayo Style, May 1-4, wit h Karen Mar-
ti nea. Shadow Weave Chenill e Scarves, May
1- 5, with Liesel Orend. Rag Rug Weaving, May
15- 18, with Karen Mart inez. Navajo Weaving,
May 22-25. Natural Vegetal Dyes, July 14- 16,
with Liesel Orend . Int ens ive workshops, at
Nor t hern New Mexico Community College,
El Rit o. Karen Martinea, (505) 58 1-41 13;
kmartinez@nnmcc.edu; ww\..... fiberartsprogram
Spinning: Magic with Dyeing and Plying, April
2- 7, with Patsy Zawistoski. Spinning and Dye-
ing: From Garden to Yarn , April 9- 15, wit h
Carla Owen. Additional fiber- re lated classes
throughout the year. John C. Campbell Folk
Sc hool, 1 Folk School Rd. , Brasstown, NC
28902. (800) 365-5724; www. fol kschool.org.
Master Spinners Program, Level 1, April 24-28.
Levels 1 and 2. October 16- 20. In Davis, pre-
sented by Olds College of Alberta, Canada. (800)
661-6537; Sherry, sherry.healey@doc.state
.ok.us; ww,..... oldscollege.ab.ca.
lkat Weavingflndigo Dyeing, with Marilyn Roberts.
Tints, Tones and Shades, with Janis Thomp-
son. Block Weaves in Rugs, with Jason Colling-
wood. Bead Embellishment , with Ann Marta
Bowker, Workshops May 19- 22 in conj unction
with Fiber in the Forest ret reat , at Camp
spinning > coIor rhcorv > tClting
rug hooking > ht srorv > entertainment
Watch for the next
in 2007
Thank you to our 2005 presenters;
Stephen Ableman
Jeannine Bakriges
Sharon Costello
Amy Oxford
Patsy Sue Zawistoski
complete detail s:
(802) 464·3762
108 I S PI N . 0 F F I w w w . [ x T Eo: H W E A V E . C 0 :>1
Myrtlewood, Oregon. Suzie Liles, (541) 684-5900; wwwweaverscabin.com.
Workshops, May 25-August 25, in weavi ng, hand-sewing costumes, basketry,
felt ing, natural dyes, and drafti ng, at the Home Text ile Tool Museum, SR
1036, On....ell . HTTM, PO Box 153, Rome, PA 18837. www.hometextiletool
muse um. erg.
Color Works for You. June 9- 11, wit h Deb Menz. Creative Color with Your
Carder, June 11-16, with Deb Menz . Fabulous Felt Hat , June 30- July 2,
wit h Chad Alice Hagen. Explorations in Resist Dyeing on Hand-Pelted
Wool. July 2-7, with Chad Alice Hagen. Sievers School of Fiber Art s, PO
Box 100, Washington Island, WI 54246. (920) 847-2264; fax (920) 847-2676;
sievers@itol.com; www.sieversschool.com.
studios. fi ber producing farms, retail outlets, learning center, galleries, and
proc essi ng mills. Maps available from Hope Spinner}" 725 Camden Rd.,
Hope, ME 04847; (207) 763-4600; wwwhopespi nnery.com.
New Zealand, April. Creative Fibre Festival and tour. Mary Fletcher, POBox 61228,
Denver, CO80206. Phonelfax (303) 632-9255; ChinaMF@comcast.ne t.
United States , April 25- May 2 and July 9- 16. Navajo rug and basket workshops,
to urs of pueblos and trading pos ts. Hor izons, PO Box 634, Levere tt, MA
01054; (413) 367-9200; fax (413) 367-9522; horizons@horizons-art. com;
Calendar euents ofspecial interest to spinners are printed free ofcharge as a service to
our readers. To maximize the passibility afyaur event s inclusion in the Summer 2006
issue, please send intormation by April), 2006. to "SPtA'·OFF Calendar. "20} E. Fourth
St.. Love/and, CO 80.5.17-.56.55. Listings are made on a space-acaiiabte basis. While we in-
clude as many enents as possible. we cannot yuarantee that your listing will beincluded.
Loom Beading, March 23-April l , wit h Gayle Liman, in Antigua . Liza Fourre,
Art Workshops in Guatemala, 4758 Lyndale Ave. S., Minneapolis, MN55419.
(612) 825-0747; fax (612) 825-6637; www.artguat.org.
,..u HOWE, IDAHO 83244

PHONE (208) 767-3475
China. May. Silk Road and silk production tour. Mary Fletcher, PO Box 61228,
Denver, CO80206. Phone/fax (303) 632-9255; ChinaMF@comcast.net.
Finland and Sweden. June 9- 26. Northern Li ghts: Text ile Arts Tour, sponsored
by The Textile Museum. (800) 323- 7600; tpi@travelplansintl.com.
Guatemala, July 21-30. Textile, weaver's and craft tour, with Karen Searle. Liza
Fourre, Art Workshops in Guatema la, 4758 Lyndale Ave. S., Minneapolis,
MN55419. (612) 825-0747; fax (612) 825-6637; fourrecoartguat.org.wwwart
.Maine, August 4-6. Maine Fiberarts tour, with self-guided map to locate artists'
i.farmstian ('f) nrnn:
To find a store near you visit
www. fibertrends.com
Fi be, T rend• • PO Box 7266
E. W.,na,.,h."C. WA 98802
pho n,,; 509.884.86 3 1 • " mail; • .
Bryson Distributing @ 1.800.544.8992
or Fiber Trends @ 1.888.733.5991
A lace blanket for a special baby
Diamonds for Rhiannon
Shipping and handling $5.50 - be sure to mention this ad! · WI residents addstate & county
sales tax,' JL add 6.25%.. Ifoutside the US. contact usfor shipping & handling rates.
Visit our extensive onllne catalog!
Mielke's Fiber Arts, LLC
2550 Co. Rd. H, Rudolph, WI
54475-9409 (715) 435-4494
Solid Colored
Merino Top Fiber Sampler
54 colors of roving, including
white. Approximately 1/2 oz of
each color. $42.00 #11 9176
Debbi e McDermott, Owner
2246 Pesek Rd.
East Jordan, MI 49727
866-536-2779 toll free
Custom Fiber Processing
V\l)'1I turn ,rur fibet' into rCNing, balls,
yarn, r"€Elded felt, or socks,
Gall or e-rrai l for current prices,
scheduling, ard turnarourd. FREE
st'ipping m,rur yarn order 10 pot.rds
or rmre, incorri ng \/.eight.
rIiIJst receive shiprrent I:>f 5-1-06.
deb@ stonehedge.com
http://www.stonehedgefibermill .com
Fiber Mill LLC

S P R I N G 2 0 0 6 I S PIN · 0 F F I 109
Fiber Animals- Competitions
Free Demonstrations - Vendors
Fiber Art Workshops
August 16 - 20, 2006
at Allegan County Fairgrounds
Allegan, Michigan
magazine available April 1, 2006
contact MFF, PO Box 744
Hastings, MI 49058 • 269-948-2497
e-mail: mffestival @yahoo.com
Visit our store or website
104-A E. Ufer SI.
Fredericksburg, TX 78624
Orderl ine (877) 990-8952
Fax (830) 990-8954
e-mail: stonehill@s tonehiIlspin.com
Ashfor d & L ouet d eale r
Nat urally Texas Fibers and Yarn s
Cotton • Hemp • F lax
M ohai r • Wool • Ll a mu

For all your spinning needs
19 & 20,
Blackberry Ridge
Woolen Mill, Inc.
Custom Spinning is our Specialty
Celebrating more than 17 years of Service!
Also featuring our own yarns and designs
in kits and patterns
For a complete listing, visit our web site at:
'" www.blackberry-ridge.com
6/;::::: For a free Servi ce Brochure or catalogue
list ing our yarns and newest kit s, contact us at: •
- 3776 Forshaug Road Mt. Horeb, WI 53572 I """.. '
v: (608) 437-3762 11',,'
Yarn samples $5.00
-:- Full service WOOL
MILL and fi ber studio
-:- We process fl eeces
into roving and YARN
-:- No minimum
-:- Fleeces do not need
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PO Box 242, Rnsemnn!, N.J 08556 Phnne (908) 996-4836
e-mail duckfl at s@earthlink.net
Wl3eIs' _ & l.a.a
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ac I
an ever!

e IS
The New
40 Wonderful
Terry Taylor
Create fabulous clothing and accessories
that wi ll have you seeing crochet in a whole
new light. Transform he-hum wearables
into one-of-a-kind fashion
statements by addi ng crocheted touches.
Experiment with familiar stitches
and unusual techniques, play with
imaginative edgings
and embellishments. Enjoy
luscious yarns, creative patterns,
gotta-have-it styles.
~ . A Division of
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Product News
and in six bright colors
to help keep you orga-
nized.The containers
retail for $6 to $9.
Order onli ne at www
Friendly Prod-
ucts Sweater Soap
will leave your hand-
spuns clean, rest ored, and smelling
of lavender. Whether you' re wash-
ing a hearty wool or a fine silk,
Sweater Soap cleans effectively and
rinses out easily. A16-ounce bottle of
the biodegradable formul a retail s for
$11.99. Visit www.brysonknits.com to
find a retailer near you.
If you're looking fo r a rinse-free wool-
wash that' s gentle on fibers and your
hands, then consider tr ying Soak from
Toronto-based Jacq's Hats. Flora, Aquae,
and Citrus scents are available in 425 ml
bottles. Can't deci de? Purchase a "starter
kit" to try all
three, each in its
own 130 ml bot-
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visit www.jacqs
to an array of knitting questions. Every-
thing from common care label symbols
to a needle inventory li st t hat
you can fill in with
the contents of
your collection fit
into thi s 3-by-5-
inch booklet. The
Craft Yarn Council of
Ameri ca yarn guide-
lines and a Kitchener
st itch cheat sheet help
make thi s a valuable ad-
ditio n to your knitting
bag. Ask your local fi ber
shop if they carry this handy reference.
The Ultimate Storage Containers by
the Knit Foundry are designed to hold a
wide variety of tool s such
as doubl e-pointed knit -
ting needles, crochet
hooks, and much more!
The multipl e compart -
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They are available in 8-inch and 6-inch
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Nearly two hours of instructi on are
included on Lori Knits Presents: Beyond
Purl. Both verbal and visual instructions
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looking fo r a refresher on cast-ons and
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useful t ips and hints. Visit
www.loriknits.com for video cli ps
or to order t he DVD for $24.95.
eKnit-Kards Desktop software
from Nancy's Knit Knacks can cal-
culate yardages, gauges, and neces-
sary ease as well as track all your fi ber
essentials with inventory lists. This suite
of mini-applicati ons is full of tutorials
and tools for any fi ber art ist. To demo or
purchase, visit www. nancysknit knacks
My Little Knitting Book: A Quick
ReFerence is Heritage Spinning's answer
21740 S.E. EDWARD DR., CLACKA:\l AS, OR 97015 PH. (503) 658·4066
U.S. PATENT 5,333.357 - CAN. PAT. 2,124,623
112 I S P I N . o F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
Cl a s s i I i e d s
copy along with payment eight weeks prior to
the mont h of pu blication (March, June, Sep-
tember, December ). Only $2.50/word ($50 min-
imum) or $100/col. inch (press ready) for clas-
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VISA, Mast erCard, American Express, Discover
accepted with account number and expi ratio n
date. Send to Interweave Press, Spin' Off Clas-
sified Ads. 201 East Fourth St reet, Loveland,
CO 80537-5655. Fax (970) 667-8317; Vi ckiY@
felt ing, and knitti ng. Go t o www.ya rnbarn
· ks.com or call us at (800) 468-0035. Yam Barn
of Kansas, 930 Massachusetts, Lawr ence, KS
Paula Simmo ns. Long out of print, now avai l-
able! $20 including shipping. Pat Green Carders,
Ltd., 48793 Chilliwack Lake Rd., Chilliwack, BC,
Canada V4Z IA6. Call toll-free (877) 898-2273
(P'F Zone).
& Wool Co.: need mechanical apt itude, atten-
t ion to detail, good communication skills. Ex-
perience wit h knitting or handspinning a plus.
Call (406) 388·4945 or e-mai l www.lamband
, ,,,c, WATER C
19325 Dairy Rd.
Spring Grove, MN
(507) 498-3277
Experi ence the joy
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Fine-fleeced Registered W hit e and
Col ored Angora Goats and Mohair
rovings for sale . Contact:
Raising registered Shetland
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as breeding stock, 011 in 0 wide
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55074 I 40th Ave., Lucas, lA SO I 5 I
wil lowri dgefarm@iowatelecom.net
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tion with updates, rewr ite for shea ring section,
plus 3 pages about paco-vicufia with sample-
$14 plus $2 shipping ($16 total) or $3.50 shi p-
pi ng to Canada ($17.50 total). Al so available
Projects for Alpaca and Llama, $16 (plus $2
shipping). Chris Switzer, Box 3800, Estes Par k,
CO 80517.
At your fa vorife y.u n shop or book s tore
Ask for Simple Socks. "'din and Fancy. too!
Chilly Toes?
Cool Socks Warm Feet
A128-pagebookwithgreat sock
recipesandmoreby Luey Neatby.
At yarn stores or www.tradewindknits.eom
LIQUIDATION SALE! Or gani c cotton sliver
and blends, 25% off by the pound, volume dis-
aunts available. New World Textiles, (828) 669·
1870; www.charkha.bia.
Associati on) invites you t o become a valued
me mber and a vital link in a spi nners ' network
of communication designed to promote aware-
ness of the art and craft of handspinning and to
give spinne rs t he opportunity to sha re, learn,
educate, study, compete, and cooperat e. Your
membe rs hip avails you t o t en acti on-packed
news letters a year, local spin-in meeti ngs, an-
nual conference, library of reference materials,
and scho larships available to those who quali -
fy. For more informat ion vis it our webs ite at
www. nwrsa.org or send $1.00 in stamps to
NwRSA, Dept . SO, 3300 166th Place SW, Lynn-
wood, WA 98037. Ecmai l membershi p@
Spinning & Knitting Supplies
Fleeces .:. Fiber .:. Classes
Reg. Jacob
Border Leicester
Reg. Angora Goats
Colored & White
& Edle Van Val kenburg
- 87 East Jake Rd.
Woodstown, NJ 08098
(856) 769· 1526
joyew@mi ndspr l ng.com
BruclTB Free
Hand Looms Supplemen ts
PO Box 422, Andover, MA 01810
(978) 475· 8790 f f w@netway.com
Th e n Spinning Wheel Sleuth
, A Newsl etter About Spi nni ng Wheel s
and Rel ated Tool s
$24/4 issues ($28 Canada, $35 Internat ional)
Sample $3.50
Postcards of Rare 5
Unusual Spinning Wheels
Black Sheep Newsletter
Published quart erl y for growers, spinners
and t extile art ists inte rested in black
sheep, wool and ot her animal fibers.
$ I 4 per year [mAl
sample copy $3" - I
Black Sheep Newsletter
2S4SS NW Di xie Mtn. Rd.
Scappoose. OR 970S6
e-mall: BSNewsltr@ aol .com
http:/ /member s.aol.com/jkbsnweb/i ndex .ht ml
S P R [ N G 2 006 1 S P I N· 0 F F I 113
Guild listings
• And MORE!
PAT GREEN CARDERS design and make t he
highest quality carding and picking equipment,
tabletop to Cottage Industry size. Phone or wr ite
for fr ee brochure . Pat Green Carders , Ltd.,
48793 Chilliwack Lake Rd., Chilliwack, BC,
Canada V4Z IA6. Call to ll-free (877) 898- 2273.
SPINNING WHEELS, lessons, fibers, books,
dyes, looms. Shop open by appointment. Cata-
log $3. Detta's Spindle, 2592L Oeggen Tina Rd.,
Maple Plain, MN 55359. (763) 479-1612, (877)
1612; www. dettasspindle.com.
TEXTEK TECHNOLOGIES, dedicated to serv-
ing fi ber processors. 24 years experience in fi ber
processing. Textek will source, help install , com-
mission fiber processing machinery then teach
you how to get the best from your investment.
New or second-hand machi nery supplied. Ma-
chi nery desi gned and bui lt for spec ific opera-
t ion. Pickers, carders, dehairer s, pindrafte rs,
spinning, and plying, skein/conewinding. Con-
tact keith@texte k.net; kwildcpcogeco.ca; or cal l
(905) 562-9056. www.textek.net.
HOKETT WOULD WORK. Finely crafted metal
and Russian styl e support spindles. Exotic hard-
wood drop spindles and much more. List on re-
ques t. Jim Hokett, PO Box 1899, Magdalena,
NM 87825.

Visit your spinning shop
a base for
use while
resting. &
stor age.
For hands free plying!
Handy Andy
Andean Plying TClQI' '''
The Only All Metal
Spinning Wheel
Extra La rge Bobbins
Ea sy to Use
Three Great Colcrs
RU99ed & Dependoble
Dealer Inquires
Columbine Spinning Products
"Build ing Quality Pr oducts For Serious Spin ners"
Phone: S09·42B020
fOI: S09·4nlJ2a8
www_ncidehHom/ -<oIumbille
Nancy's Knit Knacks
New Tool for Spi nners
FELTING NEEDLES. Round, wooden-knob
handle fits comfortably in t he ha nd-holds 4 or
16 needles, easily replaceable, easy to use. Sin-
gle needles 2/pkg. $1.75; a-prong $14.95; 16-
prong $24.95. Stony Mountain Fibers, 939
Hammocks Gap Rd., Charlottesville, VA 22911.
(434) 295-2008. MCN ISA, Discover. www.Stony
Mountainf'ibers.com. (Wholesale inquiries wel-
and drum carders. See our ad on page 89. Call
us for your best deal! Bountiful, Toll-free (877)
586+9332; www. bountifuIspi nweave.com.
Swifts , etc. Also unusual spinning wheels. All
excellent condition and working order. Willow
Brook Farm, PO Box 1568, Fort Washingt on,
PA 19034. (215) 643-4499; www.willowbrook
farm. org.
( skacel )
~ 1 I 1 1 i l "
Available in 8 lengths
from 12" to 60" and in
19 sizes from a
US 000 10 a US 36.
Exclusive Distributor
Wholesale only
skacel c oll ection , Inc.
Phone : (425) 291-9600
4752 W. 60th Ave.• Ste. B
Arvada. CO 80003
Phone (800) 873- 1723
F" (303) 237-830 1
/ 1
Available in fine
yarn shops.
addi Turbo"
Circular Knitting Needles
AFFORDABLE. Ymceoll .cO<"
Yocom·M<ColI Testing Laboratories, Inc.
540 West Elk Place
Denver, CO 80216-1823 · USA
Phone 303-294-0582
Fax 303·295-6944
blankets, jackets, and more. Unique. Simple.
Compl ete instructions. Oak, Map le, Walnut ,
Cherry. Stand and accessori es available. In
st ruct ional Tr iangle Loom Weaving Video, 90
minutes of bas ic and intermediate techniques,
$38.95 ppd, new DVD $33.95 ppd. 2' and 3' Trav-
el Tri-Looms, Mini stand, and new st urdy trav-
el bags al so availabl e. Carol Leigh's Hillcreek
Fiber Studio, 7001 Hillcreek Rd., Columbia, MO
65203. (800) TRI-WEAV(874-9328), (57:1) 874-
2233; we accept MClVisa , Discover; webs ite
www.HillcreekFiber St udi o.com
For Individual Animal .___- -...
Fiber Diameter
Fine Wool Combs and Hackles
Interchangeabl e Heads
114 I S P I N . 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
April 21-23, 20IJ6. In the 4· H Building at the
Phill ips County Fairgr ou nds, I Jh miles north of
Phi llipsburg, Kansas on Highway 183. Teach-
ers: Judy Dittmore, Layna Bentley, Marci Burns,
and ot hers. Classes in weaving, spinning, felt -
ing, Devore' fleece judging, etc. Kansas Alliance
of Weavers and Sp inne rs Annual Confere nce
(KAWS). Vendors, s heep, alpaca, llamas. Fo r
more informat ion contact Sally Brandon at
(785) 638·2803 or check out website www
.centralplainsfibe rfest.com.
FUZZY BUNZ FIBERFEST, 21-22 April 2006,
Colville, WA. Visit our websi t e at http://fuzzy
bunzfiberfest. com for informat ion on wo rk-
shops, vendors , fiber animal exhibits, fl eece
show, handspun yarn competi t ion, and our Peo-
pie's Choice Piber Arts compet it ion. E-mail
newfair@pixtel.com; (509) 684-2585; PO Box
282, Colville, WA 99114.
Fest ival , Mother's Day weekend: May 13 & 14,
2006. Wash ington Count y Fairgrounds, Lake
Elmo, MN. Classes , vendors, demonst rat ions,
fl eece, and breed show. www.shepherdsharvest
treat. Weave a small tapest ry with nat urally dyed
yarns. J uly 18-22 or 25-29, 2007. Accommo-
dat ions available. All levels welcome. www
.weaveanis land.com or call (520) 792-6665.
Wonders of Wool Fiber Arts Classes. September
8-10,2006, Jefferson, Wisconsin. See website
for cl asses and Instructo rs. www.wisconsin
Fest ival and 'Iarket plllr e:
Demonstrat ions - Hands on Sessions
Fleece Compet itions - Product ions
Fiber Ar ts Workshops
June 15- 18
Spinning ' weaving - Dyeing - More
The 23rd Annual
Wool Festival at Taos
October 7 - B2006
Kit Carson Park, Taos, NM
Offer ing Workshops Be fore and After
Visit website: www.taoswoolfestival.org
Or to request a brochure :
Email:info@taoswoolfe stival .org
Call toll fre e BBB-909-WOOL (9665)
Mail: Wool Fe st Taos, S. Correira
2646 FM 1704, Elgin, TX7B62 1
A UNIQUE SELECTION of hand-dyed and
blended ravings. Beautiful colorways. wonder-
ful tibers. Kits and patterns, too. www.ewenigue
fl eeces, yarns, dyes, and equipment. See us at
www.bluegooseglen .com or contact us Blue
GooseGlen@att.net; (731) 984-7497.
ALPACA FIBER in raw, rovi ng, and yarn. Nat-
ural , luxurious colors fro m Missouri's largest
herd. Roving sa mpler $5 refundable wit h first
order, Alpacas always for sale. Whirlwind Ranch,
24649 Snowbe rry Drive, Lebanon, MO
6471. (417) www.whirlwindranch.com.
ALPACA TOP, beautifully processed. Many love-
ly co lors includi ng black, grey, and fawn. Raw
fl eeces and felting fi ber available as well as fi ber
animal s and qualit y breedi ng stock. Vis it
www.glimmerglassalpacas.com or e-mail deich
manrs'telenet. net . Glimmer Glass Alpacas , 1409
Co. Hwy. 26, Fly Creek, NY l:J337 . (607) 54 7·
Excit ing, dyed ravings. Ready to spi n or dye nat-
ural co lored fl eeces, roving. Samples $3 wit h
SASE. Barb Janay, 12350 Barbee Rd., Br lstow,
VA 20136. (703) 361-0162. See it on \vww.woolv

Gift Items
l)(ue Ridge Si(K W ORKS
Free Shipping on Most Orders!
June 3, 2006
9am - 6pm Rain or Shine
Johnson County Fairgrounds, Frankfin, IN
(New location this year!)
Free Admission & Parking
For more info visit: www.hhfiberfest. com
May 28
I Oam- 4pm
May 27
I Oam- 5pm
Great Lakes Fiber Show
Wayne County Fairgrounds
Wooster, Ohio
Sales booths with Fiber-Related
Supplies and Fiber Ar t s; Workshops &
Demonst r at ions; Fleece Show & Sale;
Angora Goat Show; Sheep Sale;
Kids Activities; and MORE!
Linda Reichert, 2474 N. Firestone Rd.
Woosler, OH44691 • (330) 264-9665
For more information calf 530-529-3298
Northern Calil ornia and Southern Oregon
Alpaca Breeders Invite Yout oAnend
Fiber on the Foot/CelebratingAlpacas
Saturday, May 6, 2006 -10 am 10 5 pm
Sunday, May7, 2006 - 9 am 10 4 pm
Tehama Dislri ct Fa irground - Red Bluff, CA
S P R [ N G 2 0 0 6 I S P I N . 0 F F I 115
Whol e, skirted fleeces. Shipping extra. Willow
Brook Farm, PO Box 1568, Fort Washington,
PA 19034. (215) 643·4499.
brown, black, whit e, $4/ lb. LSASE for samples.
Georgia wclt erbeek, Fairmount Farm, Rindge,
NH 03461.
CORl\'1 0, MERI NO, TARGHEE and cros ses.
Whit e and nat ural -col or ed. Clean, covered
fl eeces $6/ lb and up. Roving, spinning batts,
100% wool and blends , $1.50/oz. and up.
Spinnable samples, $2. l\l erry Meadows Farm,
24710 Reynclds Hwy.. Will i!s, CA95490. (707)
e-mail walczykowski@willitson

} Pygora fi& ..
breeders available
c o nt act o ur web si tel
538 Lamson Rd., Lysandcr. NY 13027
jo Churro, Shetland, Romonov. Limit ed num-
ber of 2005 ram and ewe lambs available. Con-
tact \\WW.BrooksideSheepFarm.com; (406) 658-
clean, covered, handspinner s ki rt ed in many
colors. East Coast distributor for Forrester spin-
dles , Lendrum wheels. French Hill Farm, PO
Box 82 , Solon, ME 04979. (207) 643-2540;
wwwJ renchhillsheepandwool. com.
New Zealand Fleeces
Beautiful , cl ean, heavily skirted, top qual ity
spinning Heeces, White and Coloured.
Merino - Polworth - Corriedale - Romney
Samples $3, Check, VISA, MasterCard
S.S.Albrey @xtro.co.nz
fleece roving, batts, and yarn in many colors.
Apple Rose Fibers, PO Box 216, wrightstown,
NJ 08562. www.applerose.com; (609) 752+0596.
Nonprofit. Fair Trading fro m the Sourc e!".
Black Mesa Weavers for Life and Land, Arizona.
Adult and lambswool, lust rous whi tes t o deep
black, raw to yarn, from $7/lb. PO Box 543, New-
t on, MA 02456. carcl rs'blackmesaweavers.org:
www.blackmesaweavers.org; 866-4+CHURRO
New Colors!
BLACK WELSH I\IOUNTAI N fleece, r oving,
yarn, tanned pelts, and breeding stock. Desert
Weyr, 16870 Carvi n Mesa Rd., Paonia, CO 81428.
loio at (970) 527-3573; w\vw.desertweyr.com.
dyed spinning fibers incl ude Bombyx top, 50/50
Bombyx/merino, tussah top, 80/20 merino/ten-
eel, 70130 meri no/kid, amazing kid mohair locks,
and more! Nancy Finn, 1700 Hillt op Dr., Willits,
CA95490. (707) 459·8558.
t op, 2·ply sport and worsted yarn in natural eel-
ors and whi te. LSASE wit h $.50 postage for sam-
pie/prices. Nine Oaks Farm, 3045 West B Ave.,
Plainwell , MI 49080. (269) 382·6026; gracie
coaccn. org.
Royale Hare, 946 Ladi St., Santa Rosa,
CA 95401 . (707) 579-2344.
347 Bedford arocuyn. NY 1121 1
(718)384-8030 www. lhe y.unlree.com
Nat u ra l Fibe rs f o r Fe lti ng & Spinni ng
Org anic Yarns f or Knitti ng & Weaving
Natura l Dyes
Wor kshops & Cla sse s
Online Shopping for all your f ibe r needs
Are you looking for...
The Bell wether
www.t he betlwet her.com
PO Box 802 * Sequim. WA 98382
360-582-0697 ordereathebellwether.com
Do you recognize:
Sapphire Mountains
A Breed Apart
Dragon' s Fire
Spi nnable samples of lovely wool/sil k blends
can be enjoyed with a Rhyme Times
subscription $ I I/year US (higher outside US)
Fire Ant Ranch
Since 1992. at Elgin l X, on the web
, . at www.fi reant ranch.com.and
fiber f esti val s (i ncl. Est es, Taos).
512-281-4496 Farm Shop Hours by Appt.
Hand-processed. Farm-grown Fiber s, Yarns
& Goods from my Gul f Coast Nat i ve Sheep,
Black Wel sh Mount ain Sheep and others.
I carry Roberta Electronics, St rauch Carders,
OPAL yarn, Bosworth Spi ndles and morel
For a list ofhreeders and
fiher available contact:
Lane Harris, Secretary
PO Box 10427, Bozeman, MT 59719
(406) 388-9537
'The Maj estic Jaco6Sheep-
51 Special. 'Breed
1161 S P IN ·O F F I WWW .IN TE RWE A V E .C O/>l
FREE CORl\IO WOOL. Inquiries receive 1 oz.
tree fleece wool. Fine. long-stapled, handspin-
ner skirted. Ravings and brown and black felt-
Ing wool available. Henry Ortmann, Box 2106.
Wolf Point. 59201. (406) 392-5277.
FRESIAN SHEEP WOOL for sale. Vermont -
raised. loft y, bouncy, 3
-4R staple with slight
cr imp. Ewe wool by pound. year ling wool by
fl eece. For more information e-mail merino
hillfarm@' shoreham.net.
fl eeces. White and natural eolored fine. medi-
um, and long wool coated grease fleeces. White,
natural colored, dyed mohair. White. natural
colored. dyed wool roving a nd mohair/wool
blend roving. $3.50 for sample.
Farms, 11252 Kekke Rd.• Chisholm, MN 55719.
hJt p:/t horn epage.h i bhi "gmn.com / - moo n
sshadowfarmslindex. htm.
s& z n
buy ' ib
a virtual fiber fair at your fi ngerti ps.. .
ICELANDI C FLEECES. ne w country blend
natural color roving: Icelandic alpaca, mohair,
silk, and more. Tongue River Farm, (573) 689
2900; \\'\V'w.icelandicsheep.com.
JACOB FLEECES. JSBAregistered/Spinner!
Weaver's fl ock. Free samples, price list. Craft's
at Bluffton. 2572 Village Rd.. Decorah. lA 52101.
(563) 735-5533.
KARAKUL FLEECE. All colors. raw-washed
batts and roving available. Ecmail or call for
prices. Narycarol.buchhcl zrsveri zon.net: (512)
858- 7920 or 15121 461-3870.
ready to spin. Seven natural colors from beau-
tiful. healthy. happy llamas. For pictures and
pr ices call Wisconsin. Cram's Llama Farm.
P.D.Box 442099
Lawrence, KS 66044
I M... NO ...... b l OIIG 'N ... d I www. bonkersfiber.com
Purveyor of luscious
hand-dyed spinning fibers &yarn
Frommy hands to yours . . .
Roving Bl ends, silks, & more!
See my web site fordetails
and monthly sales!
tiple colors. white $10/4 oz.: black. brown, mixes
512/4 oz. (pl us Sill ). Samples on request. Day
Star Alpacas. info@dayslaralpacas.com; 1330}
538-2654 10111 _
RIDGE SHEEP The olde st
flock of Shetlands in the USA. Breeding stock.
handspinner fl eeces. rovings. yarn, quilt batts.
Visit www.mrsf.ccm.
Fleeces and roving in white and natural colors.
Spring Water Creek Farm. 19325 Dairy Rd.,
Spring Grove. 55974. (507) 498-3277.
Teq TIme Gqtqen
Extraordinar y black & green
loose t eas blended wit h
superior herbs. spices, fr uit
& flowers for a nat urally deli cio us brew.
Teapots, cozies & brewi ng accessories.
PO Box 34. North Lakewood. WA
98259 • 360.652.8488 P5T
wwwteat trneqarden.corn
Lld Ed i tion
Sol i d Pe\\·te r
Classes & Supplies
Dealer for Louet, Schacht,
and Ashford wheels.
Schacht and Leclerc looms.
Send 56 for a complete catalog of over
500 yarn samples and equipment list.
FIBER LOFT (Bare Hill St udios)
9 Mass_Ave. (Rl e. 111 )
Harvard, MA 01451
(800) 874-YARN (9276)
yarn@TheFiberLoli .com
www.TheFiberLoft .com
Sp i nner 's
o r namen t
(actual size 2.25")
Fro-rw OUt" FCU"»1I to-yow
Fer y01M' fr;werU:", {Lbe.- cuLo$
BearUn Acres Farm (717) 530-3605
www.bearli nacres.com
If you're planning a move, don:t f?rget to
take along your subscri ption.
Send rour old and new address. along
with the- customer number that appe-ars
on your mailing
label. to:
PO Box 15
Escondido, CA92046-9 115
Pftag "a..wplmry if rrmtfr b "&'\1" re r.rlr tJtat·
Mi nneapoli s area supplier of
fibc r and classes
for spinners!
5416 Pcnn Avenue S.
Minncapolis. MN 55419
Wool, Mohair
Llama, Blends
Covered Fleeces,
Roving, Batts, 11985 Rolling Hills Lane
Yarns Lovettsville, VA 20180
S P R I N G 2 U () e I s P J N . 0 J' F I 117
wool and ravi ngs. Complete line of spinning,
weaving, dying, and felting suppli es. Free cata-
log. La Plata Farms, 1281 eR 123, Hesperus,
CO 81326. (970) 385·4375.
PACO-VICUNA FIBER, hi ghest qualit y, 3
shades (beige, golden, brown) $25- $35 per oz.
plus shipping. Chr is Swit zer, Box 3800, Estes
Park, CO 80517.
Tools, Materials & Books
for Traditional & Contemporary
33 Haliwood St reet
Ashevi le, Ne 28801
loll f ree 1-800-327-8448
on the web at www.earthguild.com
e-mail usat inform@eart hguil d.com
Complete Mail Order Catalog: $4
(free with order over $10)
in California. Well-skirted, clean. White and nat-
ural co lored. Breeding stoc k available. www
.pitriverwoo1company.com: martas uIlivan@
cit ilink.net : (530) 336-6202.
skirted. Send SASE for free samples t o Nancy
Ortmann, HC 30 Box 2107, Wolf Point , MT
59201. (406) 392-5356.
CROSSES and Corridale crosses. Fleeces,
carded wool and blends. Samples $3. Charlene
Cox, 1779 Hughes Creek Road, Darby, Montana
59829 . (406) 349-2588; alt2588@blackfoot.net.
RAW WOOL FROM COVERED, cclored sheep
in Texas. For free samples, orde r ing informa-
t ion, and availabi lity, call (469) 766·2086. Small
orders welcome.
Handpa jntcd. dyed and na tural wools and blends,
tussah, silklbamboo, 1('11('('1, hemp & others. Dyes,
pat terns, silk pa per supplies & more!
cards will capt ure the spirit of your craft. Int ri-
cate origi nal des igns for the pas si onat e fiber
artist. Kaspareks , PO Box 748, Ber keley, CA
94701. w\»w.kas pareks.biz.
Workshops in spinning, weaving, basketweav-
ing. Compl et e line of fiber arts equipment. On
line ordering and workshop regi stration. The
Fiber Garden, wwwJ ibe rgarde n.com; Black
River Falls, Wisconsin. (715) 28444590.
dio and school. Classes in tapestry, weaving, dye-
ing. and felting. 512 S. 6'" Ave., Tucson, Arizona.
(520) www.des ertweaving.com.
and crafts. Extens ive fiber arts program
Ju ne- September. Weekends only October-May,
Spinning, weavi ng, rug braiding and hooking,
tatt ing, bobbi n lace, kn itti ng, paper and book-
making, wet and dry felting, qui lting, dol lmak-
ing, and more. Free catalog. 611 Rte. 103S, Lud-
low, VI 05 149. (802) 228·8770; www,fletcher
far m.or g; inforafletcherfarm. org.
Welcome to
Fleeces, rovings, batts,
combed top, yam,
pelts, and mild, more.
Our 30 farms offer the
products from their
sheep, fiber goats,
alpacas, and angora
rabbits. From mohair
to pillows, hand
lotion to rainbow
fleeces. Buy your
fiber right off the farm.
Call &00-997-866 5 or wwwrexasfi her.com
for rrce fi ber samples & catalog.
:\IC, DISC, & VISA accepted.
Ja.n.e :. cl'u,e'r. &J3ead!.
K ,)\0%,-, FOR ALL YOUR
. ,
y 4"0; _ [}y ••
.. Drop Sp4ndIo., Ca""''"',
'to Foll 1n9 N_ .


""h''o, U,
VISIT US ON THE WEB 5415 East Andrew Johnsoo
www. janesl iberan dbeads.com Hwy (Greenevill e)
e-mail us'j ar>eOjanesli beraoobeads.com P.D. Bo x 11 0
4 23·6 3 9 ·79 '9 8 8 8 ·497· 2665
Afl on. TN 37616
spinning and natural dye ing, plus multi -hat-
ness, Tria ngle frame loom, and Navajo weaving.
Weekend and wee klong. Bed and breakfast.
Shuttle availabl e from St. Louis and Kansas City
airports. Workshop brochure: send SASE to
CLHFS, 7001 Hi llcreek Rd. , Columbia, MO
65203. (573) www. hillcree kfibe r
st udi o.corn.

Hookedonfelt.com an
Fascination Fiber Gall ery & Studio
(')b!':. 211 Bannister, Ste. 9A
*f:J Plainwell, MI49080
E-mail: info@hookedonfelt.com
The Original Hooked On Felt
Needle Hat Forms, Purse Forms,
Needle Felt Tools and Needles.
The Fiber Studio
• Handpainted Fibers • Merino/Silk Roving
• Romney & Merino Rovings & Batts
• Exotic Fibers • Fleeces· Drumcarders
9 Foster HII At, POEbx637-SO
I-Ernka", t-J-l 00242 (EID) 428-7KIl
Q:en TL.e>-Sa1 104
W'MV.fi:Jel sttdo.com
Invites you to become a valued member and
a vi t al link in a spi nners network o f commu ni-
cation designed to promot e awareness of th e
art and craft of handspinning and to gi ve
spi nners t he opportunity t o share, learn,
educate. st udy, compete, and cooperate , Your
membership avails you to ten action packed
newsletters a year, l ocal spi n-in meetings,
annual conference, library of reference
materi al s, and scholarshi ps avail abl e to t hose
who qual i fy. For more information visi t our
website at hUp:/ /www.nwrsa.org
or send $ 1.0 0 in st amps to:
NWRSA-Dept. 50
3300 166t h Pla ce SW
Lynnwood. WA 9 8037
e ma il: membership@nwrs a .org
118 I S P I N . 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
demonstrati ons, gifts. Includes break, hackle,
dr op spindle, spindles, see ds , retted fl ax, in-
st r uct ions, $30 plus $12 V.S. 5t H, (800) 836-
4520; www.flaxfiber.com.
WILD SILK COCOONS: Peace silk cocoons;
Treasures in silk and nat ural dyes from around
the world. Cherui s Ultimate Natural Dyebook,
and new natural dye kits. www.aurorasilk.com
-'.. r;::; ,. CC:; Q"' ' ''?'-)' '
l • ,'. ' . ' ," '

Quail Hill Carding Co.
Plain Wools - Exotics - Color & Floor Blends
Smal l Orders Welcome
608·528· 4640 or Email: quailhill@mwt.net
11 70 7 Quail Lane - Hillsboro WI 54634
Adam's Farm .. , , , , , , , , 108
Alpacadirect.co m " , 100
Ashland Bay Trading Co. ." " ifc
Babe's Fiber Garden " , 94
Baynes Spinning Wheels .. , " 106
Black Sheep Gatheri ng , , , , 102
Blackberry Ridge Woolen Mill, Inc. .. , , 110
Bountiful , , , , , . . . .. 89
Buffalo Hair Project , " 92
Carol Leigh's Hillcreek Fiber Studio , , , 92
Carolina Homespun , , , 65
Conference of Northern CA Handweavers 10
Coopworth Sheep Society , "..... 89
Copper Moose Productions , , be
Duck Flats Farm , , , 110
Duncan Fiber Enterprises " " 112
Estes Park Wool Market .. , , , 106
Eucalan , , , , , 57
Fabulous Fiberfest , " 102
Fantasy Fibers . , , , , , 106
Fiber Trends .. , " , 109
Fleece Fair " , "..... 99
Fold, The 104
Foxglove Piberarts Supply., , , 7-11
Frankenmut h Woolen Mill ., , , 101
bumps, batts, webs, or handspun yarn. Blend-
in g fibers available; no oils used dur ing pro-
cessing. Huacaya 1\1000, (563) 542· 5000.
Fingerlakes Wool en Mill
Srewarts Corners Rd.. Genoa, NY 1307 1
Visit us at the following fes tivals this fall
NY Sheep & Wool Barn 39H
Fi ngerlakes Fiber Festival Exhibition Hall 4
drop off your wool and save shippi ng costs!
3 15/497- 1542 Fax 315/497-9 189
www.fi ngerlakes-yarns.com
Fricke Ente rprises , , , 24
Gemini Fibres , , 102
Golding Ring Spindles " " 33
Green Carders, Pat , , 25
Oreensleeves Spindles , 110
Halcyon Yarn " " "... 94
Heirloom Woven Labels , 94
Heri tage Spinning & Weaving , 92
Howard Brush , , , , , , 23
Inter, eave Press . , , 3, 48,49
John C. Campbell Folk School .. , , 102
Journey Wheel , , , 15
Lambspun of Colorado , , , .. 97
Lendrum Co" G.. , . , , . , ,. 38- 39
Louet Sales , , 19- 22
Majacraft , , , , " 16-17
Mielke's Fiber Arts, LLC , , 109
Mini-Mills, Ltd , , 94
Misty Mountain Farm , , , , 89
Morning Sun Fiber Barn , 100
New Voyager Tradi ng Co. . .. , , , , . .. 5
Ohio Valley Natural Fibers .. , , 105
Ozark Carding Mill , , , 97
Pacifi c Wool and Fiber , , 79
ATTENTION SPINNERSl We a re looking for
good spinners to spin alpaca fibe r at a 50/50
split. Call Willow Creek Alpacas, Monday-Fri-
day, Central Time, (800) 323-1918, (708)
EARTHSONG FIRERS. Natural fibe rs; yarns;
dyes; spinning, knitting, weavi ng, felting sup-
plies. Cat alog $2. 1782 40th Ave. , Dept. SO,
Osceola, WI 54020 (715) 268-5298; (800) 413-
5350; www.earthsongfibers.com.
Festival and tour wit h NZ spinne r/weave r Rose-
mary Burnby. Festival registration November 1,
2006. Added travel in the Sout h Pacific. I\1ary
Fletcher; PO Box 61228, Denver, CO 80206.
naMF@comcast.net; (303) 632·9255.
Apr il 12-15, 2007. Creat ive Fibr e Festival ,
Mountai n t o Sea - Celebrat ing Diversity. Pro-
gram includes Exhi biti on , Fash ion Parade, Ed-
ucation. Trades and Tours. Contact Janet Hains-
wort h; j .hai nsworthcoxtra.co.nz.
Paradise Fibers , , , , , . 97
Peace of Yarn , 53
R. H. Lindsay , , , , , , ,100
Rovings .. , , , , , ,. 14
Schacht Spindle Co. lnc , 28-29
Shuttles, Spindles, Skein , , , , ,106
Sky Island Fleece , , ..109
Spinning Web; Website List ings , ". 52
Stonehedge Fiber Mill , " .109
Stonehill Spinning Ltd , , 110
Stop to Shop Listings . , , , , 78
Strauch Fiber Equipment Co , , 13
Susan's Fiber Shop , , , .. ibc
Treenway Silks , 12, 110
Viking Combs , , , , , , ,110
Weaving Works , , , , , .100
Winsome Timbers , , , . 43
Woodland Woolworks , , , , . 71
Woolee Winder, The , ,.. 3
Wool ery, The . , .. , , , .. , 83
Yarn Barn , " " ". 92
Zeilinger Wool Co.. " , " .107
S P R [ N G 2 0 0 6 I S P I N· 0 F F I 119
whe n I fir st opened
the box of my newest
fiber t rade acquisit ion-two
pounds of whi te and one
pound of bl ack Navajo
Chu rro roving- my heart
sank, and I instantly aban-
doned my dreams of using
the roving in the rug I planned to locker
hook. I had expected something st rong,
but the fibers looked positively ironclad!
The loosely roll ed balls of roving seemed
too coarse for the durabl e but soft bed-
side rug I had envisione d. In fact, at first
glance the fiber looked very much like
the hay I feed my Angora rabbit. I even
conside red feeding the coarse roving to
Cocoa Puff thinking that she would have
a much better chance of avoi ding wool
block if she learned t o eat thi s fiber
instead of hay. I told myself, "I' d eat my
hat before I'd use this fi ber for anything
Then I looked close r. The white
roving, though coarse and hairy, had a
spri nkling of cocoa cola red, single fibers
all through it. It was not enough t o
change the gene ral calor from whi te but
was a very lovely surprise addition. When
I picked it up , I reali zed that the
rovin g was light and airy
and drafted wit h no
effort at all , and
then somet h ing
inexpli cable
started to feel
the pull of my
spinning wheel, a
soft beckoning to
just sit and spin a littl e
of the sturdy wool. "For the
experience of it ," the wheel sug-
gested. "All right , just a littl e and only
t o add it t o my mental list of fibers
co nque red," I gru mped to myself, full y
prepared to keep not e of all the reaso ns
I didn't t hink thi s fiber usabl e for
anything except animal roughage.
Using my bi ggest whorl, I spun a
worsted-weight, semi-woolen singles. As

~ , ~
the roving fl ew out of my hands
and onto my bobbin, it twisted into a soft
and airy yarn with wonderful texture-
and the sp rinkli ng of cocoa fibers
charmed me from the first yard. As the
coa rse, kempy fi bers mixed into t he fine,
slightly crimpy ones, the yarn seemed to
fin d its own voice, too. It begged to be
made up into the
durabl e, wa rm outer
cl othing pe rfect for our
Maine winters.
An hour lat er I had
one full bobbin and an-
ot her bobbin halfway
there. If I had been wear-
ing a hat, I'd have been
forced to choke it down-to the last piece
of felted fuzz.
Whil e I spu n my mind buzzed wit h
the possi biliti es of this st rong and
appealing fi ber, "Achunky vest, dip-dyed
into varying shades of the same calor,"
the soft whi rring of the wheel seemed to
say. "Leg gaite rs to keep the snow out of
Ben's pant legs this winte r," it purred.
"Mittens wit h ext ra-long gauntlets, t o
keep Alayna's small hands warm while
she insists on smoothing the last bump
from her snowman," the wheel promised.
As I sat and spun the fiber, I reali zed
that a challenge had been issued. I need-
ed to look beyond my assumpt ions and
first impressions and to see the fi ber
for what it was-a t ool meant t o
kindl e my creativity. I had fir st
seen the qualities of the fi ber as a
collection of glaring flaws, rather
than recognizing that the beau-
ty, personality, and individuality
of Navajo Ch urro fiber was as
inherent as its st rength.
My three pounds of roving quickl y
found itself twisted int o gorgeous
yarn, and my knitting fever began
in earnest. But st ill my spinning
wheel whispe rs to me . . .
"Buy mo re Navajo Churro roving,
and we will explore more possibilit ies,"
it says.
"Soon, " I whisper back. . . .
ANGELA BUTERA DICKSON is an award-winning
novelist and textile artist who lives in southern
Maine with her husband, Bob, their two home-
schooled children, and a bullmastiffnamed "I
Love Lucy. "You can write to her at
120 I S PI N . 0 F F I w w W . I N T E R W E A V E . C 0 />l
Great Buys are BI.OOMINGat SUS
- .
Silk Rber Hankies $4/oz.
Soy Silk & Wool $30/8oz.
[t;ues &g-eens. yeIows &ooes ues &pinksCl v.rhilej
19 Micron Meri no $30/lb.
WPI Tool $10
McMorran Yam Balance $24.95
Katie-A-Go-Go $45
Exotica Soy, Merino,
Silk &Cashmere $8/oz.
Fawn Cornedale $12/lb.
Combs V'/
Louet W30
Table Loom
$575 '-- ....:.......J
EnglISh 5 Prtch Combs $125
r----- - ....,.., Louet Junior
Roving Carder
Krcmski Prelude
Spinning Wheel
Clear, Walnut or
Mahogany Finish $342
Louet 815 $359
Ashford Traditional $435
Ashford KiIM $285
Majacraft UtIle Gem $580
Louet S10 SingleTreadle $445
Louet S10 Double Treadle $530
Marg Electric $949
Schacht Matchless
Single Treadle $790
----I Double Treadle $805
Ashford Traveller

Ashford Joy


Schacht-Reeves Ash
Double Jreadle Saxony
24" $880-$1250
30" $1080-$1500
Double Treadle