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Exercise # 3.4

Question# 1

Prove that a : b = c : d (iv) =

Solution:

= By componendo dividendo theorem = = = = = a:b::c:d (proved)

(vi)

Solution:

=

Page 1

= =

= = a : b: : c : d (proved)

(viii)

Solution:

= By componendo dividendo theorem = = = Mudassar Nazar Notes Published by Asghar Ali Page 2

Question# 2

Using theorem of componendo Dividendo (iii) Find the value of , if x =

Solution:

x= x= = By Componendo Dividendo theorem = = = By Invertendo theorem Mudassar Nazar Notes Published by Asghar Ali Page 3

= Again x= = By Componendo Dividendo theorem = = = (i) (ii) (iv) Find the value of , if x = = = = = = -

(i)

(ii)

Solution:

x= = By Componendo Dividendo theorem = = =

Page 4

By Invertendo theorem = Again x= = By Componendo Dividendo theorem = = = (i) (ii) (vii) Solve =2 = = = = (ii) (i)

Solution:

=2 By Componendo Dividendo theorem = =3

Page 5

=3 =3 Taking square of both sides = (3)2 =9 x2 + 2 = 9 (x2 2) x2 + 2 = 9x2 18 x2 - 9x2 = 18 2 - 8x2 = -20 8x2 = 20 x2 = x2 = = x=

Solution:

= By Componendo Dividendo theorem

Page 6

= = = -2 =2 Taking square of both sides = (2)2 =4 x2 + 8p2 = 4(x2 p2) x2 + 8p2 = 4x2 4p2 x2 - 4x2 = 4p2 - 8p2 -3x2= -12p2 3x2= 12p2 x2 = x2 = 4p2 = x= S.S = 2p

Page 7

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