Rousettus aegyptiacus (roh-ZET-us ah-GEPT-ee-kus



RANGE: From Turkey and Cyprus to Pakistan, the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, & most of Africa south of the Sahara. HABITAT: Variety of habitats from tropical rainforests to deciduous forest, have been observed in savannas. SIZE: Length:11.4-12.7cm (4.5-5 in); weight: 80 to 170g (3-6 oz.); Wingspan: 60 cm (about 2 feet) LIFESPAN: May live up to 23 years DIET: Wide variety of soft, very ripe fruits, buds, and young leaves, as well as nectar and pollen. REPRODUCTION: Most populations appear to have two breeding seasons. Gestation lasts about 4 months, usually only a single young is born. Babies are about 3 months old before they learn to fly on their own. OF SPECIAL INTEREST: Egyptian fruit bats are the only Megachiroptera that possess a simple echolocation mechanism. Although they primarily use their vision to navigate, they also use echolocation to find their way when roosting in caves, dark ruins or tunnels. BEHAVIOR: Highly social, roosting bats hang in tightly packed groups of both sexes and all ages. Colonies may be as small as 20-40 individuals or as large as several thousand. Roosts include near the openings of caves, ruins, wells and tunnels, but also trees and rock crevices. CONSERVATION STATUS: Considered stable at this time.