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SUBMITTED BY SAYANTAN CHAKRABORTY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY KOLKATA- 700 032
VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROJECT REPORT
name of the project name of the client
: UNIWORLD CITY RAJARHAT, KOLKATA : BENGAL UNITECH UNIVERSAL INFRASTRUCTURE PVT. LTD.
name of the company : SIMPLEX INFRASTRUCTURES LIMITED. training period name of the student college roll number name of the college : 14th MAY 2012- 14th JUNE 2012 : SAYANTAN CHAKRABORTY : 000910401065 : FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY address : JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY
........................58 Conclusion...............37 Planning...........................45 Electrical department.59 4 .....................................................................................................................48 Mechanical department......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Quality control......................53 Store....................................................................................
Engineer. Safety) (Sr. P Ghorui (Manager. Ranjit Pal Mr. I wish my gratitude to him for his tremendous support and help. I feel motivated and encouraged after working under his sheer guidance and without whom this project would not have materialized.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Apart from the efforts of me. Santibrata Samanta (Engineer. Accounts) (Engineer. suggestions and detailing about the various operations at site. construction) (Sr. My special thanks to Miss. Quality) ( Engineer) 5 . Sanjay Chakrobarty (Project incharge) and Mr. I would like to show my greatest appreciation to Mr. I take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the people who have been instrumental in the successful completion of this project. Abhra Chaudhuri Mr. Accounts) (Engineer) (Engineer. Engineer. K. construction) (Plant Engineer) (Officer.Vice-President. Bidyut Ghosh Mr. Santibrata Samanta Mr. Planning) (Engineer. Ahindra Chowdhary (Manager). construction) (Sr. I would also like to acknowledge and extend my heartiest gratitude to the following persons who have made the completion of this project possible: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Mr. Quality) for their day-to-day motivation. Planning) and Mr. I would like to thank Mr.) for accepting our training and keeping our request. D Chakrobarty Mr. Atish Srimani Miss Jayashree Kar Mr. Maiti (Sr. the success of any project depends largely on the encouragement and guidelines of many others. G Mukherjee Mr. Partho Kole Mr. P Biswas Mr. Simplex Infrastructures Ltd. Jayashree Kar (Engineer. Engineer. S.
I would also thank my Institution and my faculty members without whom this project would have been a distant reality. was vital for the success of the project. West Bengal. training at site becomes very important.storied buildings and mega housing complexes etc. Major construction companies and builders have taken great strides in setting up of multi. at present in Kolkata. is booming. named ‘UNIWORLD CITY’ the structures are constructed over 100 acres out of which PHASE 4 consisting of 10 Towers with basement occupying 135802 sq m and PHASE 2A consisting of 5 TOWERS and basement occupying 77049 sq m are governed by SIMPLEX INFRASTRUCTURES LTD. PREFACE The construction as well as the real estate business. both about construction as well as project management. which I underwent after appearing for the 6th Semester Examination of my college. During this training. The guidance and support received from all the members who contributed to this project. I have learnt many things. Under Bengal Unitech Project. in JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY. with lots of amenities and facilities in the New Town. equipment’s and construction procedures. and was lucky enough to get an opportunity to complete my Vocational Training under this esteemed organization. Experienced Civil Engineers are key persons in any construction site. So getting a Vocational Training at this stage would be better for my development and as such I applied to Simplex Infrastructures Ltd. This business is becoming much more lucrative than before. It was important for me to get familiar with all sorts of acquaintance of construction line. Rajarhat area. various 6 . As a Civil Engineering student. So in order to be well versed and knowledgeable in the construction field as well as to acquire site experience. I got to see a large number of site machineries.
structural. in the future. Presently executing 100s of towers in India and abroad. engineering & construction of civil. These are invaluable experience.safety measures adopted at site which are not common in ordinary sites. I knew I had my limitations. geotechnical and other associated works. construction of flyovers etc. JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY KOLKATA INTRODUCTION ABOUT THE COMPANY NAME : SIMPLEX INFRASTRUCTURES LIMITED REGISTERED OFFICE : SIMPLEX HOUSE. Major construction works are taken up.700017 FORMER NAME : SIMPLEX CONCRETE PILES (INDIA) LIMITED SPECIAL FEATURES AS CONSTRUCTION COMPANY: • • • • • • Company is in ISO family since 2004. ABOUT THE PROJECT: 7 . but I must say that this training program has made me more confident and has created more interest in me in learning the practical aspects of construction at site. Civil engineering is a vast and diversified subject and there are lots of things yet to be learnt. SAYANTAN CHAKRABORTY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGG. Design. It is an ISO 9001:2008 approved company. KOLKATA. Company generally is undertaking infrastructures. As only a 3rd year student of this Engineering discipline. development. which I believe will help me to a great extent. 27 SHAKESPEARE SARANI.
BASIC INFORMATION: Total project area of UNIWORLD CITY at Rajarhat, Newtown is 100 acres. Simplex got contract to make HEIGHTS and CASCADES in PHASE 2A and PHASE 4 respectively. Uniworld City is conveniently located in the IT/ITES belt in New Town, Rajarhat. The area is situated between Salt Lake and the Airport and is 15 minutes to Park Circus. The proposed Metro will also originate from New Town and terminate in Howrah. Cascades is located at the grand pedestrian promenade which runs through the heart of Uniworld City and consists of 10 towers, which extend up to 24 stories. With 2 to 3 apartments on every floor, apartment sizes range from 1,475 to 3,841 square feet. The design of Cascades is most prominently expressed in its landscape – its spectacular water features & undulating landform. The complex includes food courts, amphitheatre, rock climbing wall, shopping facilities, swimming pool with children's pool, squash court, badminton court, tennis courts, piped gas, security and CCTV .
GENERAL OUTLAY OF WORK:
For Phase 2A:
Total Total Size of Built up Appro no. of no. of each area x. floors apartme flat (m2) floor 2 nts (m ) area in buildi ng (m2)
Tentative total floor area per tower (m2)
Baseme 1 nt T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 28 26 28 26 28 71 64 71 64 71 150 120 150 120 120
14000 635 525 635 525 525
13000 545 420 545 420 420
13000 15237 10904 15237 10904 11767
Total no. of apartments
= 341 = 9000 m2
Tentative basement car parking area Tentative total area = 77049 m2
For Phase 4:
Total Total Tentative no. of no. of total floor apartme floors area per nts tower (m2) 46572 15 15 5547 5547
Baseme 1 nt T1 T2 26 26
T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 T9 T10
26 52 58 58 58 58 64 64
15 21 23 23 23 23 25 25
5547 9138 10086 10433 10433 10433 11033 11033
GRADE OF CONCRETE USED:
• • • • • • • • •
Pile Pile cap Columns Slabs Beams Basement columns Retaining wall P.C.C. Basement slab
=M25 =M25 =M40 (for the tower) =M25 =M40 =M30 =M25 =M7.5 =M35
But a road for the movement of heavy vehicles was proposed over the basement slab in which case the M25 mix would have not been sufficient to withstand the load over it. DIAMETER OF REINFORCEMENT BARS IN COLUMNS OF VARIOUS SIZES: CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT is a process which enables all the parties to a contract to meet their obligations in order to deliver the objectives required from the contract. hence. It continues throughout the life of the contract and involves managing proactively to anticipate future needs as well as reacting positively to situations that arise.Note: As per the design the basement slab was supposed to be constructed of M25 grade concrete. DOCUMENTS FORMING PART OF THE CONTRACT ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Contract agreement Letter of acceptance (LOC) & Notice to proceed (NTP) Contractor’s bid / tender document Contract data SIZE OF COLUMN 250mm X 750mm 500mm X 500mm 500mm X 750mm 500mm X 900mm 500mm X 1200mm DIAMETER OF REINFORCEMENT BAR (mm) 16φ 20φ 20φ & 25φ 32φ & 25φ 32φ & 25φ 11 . the grade of concrete was raised to M35 with the client’s permission.
∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Conditions of contract Specifications Drawings Bill of quantities ESSENTIALS OF A CONTRACT Essential elements of a contract are: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ An agreement Offer and acceptance Lawful consideration Capacity to enter into contract Free consent of both parties Lawful object Intention to create a legal relationship TYPES OF CONTRACT: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Unit rate/unit price contract Percentage rate contract Cost plus percentage contract Lump sum contract Turnkey/ EPC contract BOT contract FIDIC form contract 12 .
Any breach of a contract by one party gives the other party an immediate cause of action and a right to claim for damages as compensation. variation orders issued to contractors Sub-contractor quotations.g. TYPICAL SET OF RECORDS: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Original contract tender document Drawings issued for construction and all subsequent revisions Instructions. notices. concrete pours etc. for losses flowing from the breach of contract. purchase orders. Contract milestone schedule/master schedule Payment/billing status under the contract Contract correspondence Minutes of contractual meetings Minutes of site coordination meeting Notice of claims for delays and/ or cost by contractor Inspection reports Accident reports Progress photographs A filling record of all the record files that are being maintained BREACH OF CONTRACT A breach of contract occurs where a party repudiate or fails to perform one or more of the obligations imposed upon him by the contract. 13 . work orders Daily records on Plant & Machinery use Daily time records and production logs e.
Sources of breach of contract: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Failure to give possession of site Improper or cardinal changes Unreasonable delays Non-supply of material promised Different site conditions Different type of claims: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Contractual claims Extra contractual claims Quantum merit claims Ex-gratia claims Counter claims Supporting evidence for claims Many delay claims by contractors fail due to lack of notice and/or failure to substantiate their claim due to lack of records. The following supporting evidence can contribute immensely in proving the claims: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Correspondence Confirmation of verbal instructions Drawing register Minutes of meeting Labour allocation sheets 14 .
When many differences or issues remain unresolved. ADR methods: ∗ ∗ Mediation Negotiation 15 . The Arbitration and Conciliation Act.oriented approach” to deal with potential and actual dispute. 1996 promises to be efficient and effective alternate system of dispute resolution.∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Approvals Inspection Daily diary Photographs Programme and progress Quality assurance records Other records DISPUTE A dispute is a disagreement arising out of a contract. the party aggrieved becomes entitled to raise a claim in respect of the same. Sources of dispute: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Changed conditions Additional work Delays Contract period ALTERNATE DISPUTE RESOLUTION/REDRESSAL MECHANISM (ADR) ADR is a holistic concept of a “consensus.
Miscellaneous works. Plain / Reinforced cement concrete works. iv. 3. v.∗ ∗ Conciliation Finally if all these mechanism fails by : an Arbitration CONTRACT CONDITIONS FOR HEIGHTS The scope of work shall mainly consist the following: i.NO 1. vii. Wood works. Floor finishing works. Masonry works. ii. 6. TOWER/ NO OF NO OF TENTATIVE BUILDING APPARTMENTS FLOORS AREA(M2) Basement Tower1 Tower2 Tower3 Tower4 Tower5 TOTAL 71 64 71 64 71 341 1 28 26 28 26 28 1300 15237 10904 15237 10904 11767 77049 completion period date of start date of completion total contract value : : : : 18 months 1st November 2006 30 April 2008 462868562/16 . 4 5. ix. 2. SL. Wall finishes viii. iii. Earthwork and dewatering works. Steel works. Fire/ smoke check doors Roofing / water proofing works. vi.
5% of contract value 17 . Performance guarantee : • ESCALATION Vm = 0.5% Mobilization of balance 50% of : 1.0% Mobilization of cranes and lifts : 2. Immediately on award of work : 5. Vm V1 W Wm C1 C0 L1 L0 = = = = = = = = variation in material cost variation in labour cost gross work done during the period gross work done during against time mentioned in BOQ with basic rates All India wholesale price index All India wholesale price index in the month in which prices bids are opened.0% shuttering material _______________ TOTAL 10.value of work added service tax total Cost of material supplied by the owner : : : 444898233/17970329 /462868562/- : 270000000/- (Which includes Ready mix concrete.3W(L1-L0)/L0 Where. Reinforcement steel) • TERMS FO PAYMENT: Mobilization advance 10% of contract price. Cement. revised minimum labour wages Minimum labour wages in the month in which price bids are opened.0% Security deposit: 5% of work done to be deducted from running bill subjected to maximum of 60 lac.5% Mobilization of 50% shuttering : 1.5(W-Wm)(C1-C0)/C0 V1 = 0.
000 per MT wastage Ready mix concrete Allowable wastage variation : Recovery beyond allowable : Wastage N/A NOT ALLOWED CONTRACT CONDITIONS FOR CASCADES The scope of work shall mainly consist the following: x.250/. xiii. 2 3 4 BUILDING/ TOWER BASEMENT TOWER 1 TOWER 2 TOWER 3 NO OF APPARTMENTS 26 26 26 NO OF FLOOR 1 15 15 15 TENTATIVE AREA (M2) 46572 5547 5547 5547 18 . xiv. Steel works. Wall finishes xvii. xii. Plain / Reinforced cement concrete works. Floor finishing works. xviii. Fire/ smoke check doors Roofing / water proofing works SL NO 1.• SUPPLY OF MATERIAL BY THE OWNER: Cement: Grey cement ( OPC in bags) Allowable wastage variation: +1% Recovery beyond allowable wastage = Rs. Miscellaneous works. xv. xi. xvi. Masonry works. Wood works. Earthwork and dewatering works.per bag Reinforcement bars Allowable wastage/variation = +3% Invisible wastage = 1 Recovery beyond allowable = 50.
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 TOWER 4 TOWER 5 TOWER 6 TOWER 7 TOWER 8 TOWER 9 TOWER 10 TOTAL : : : 52 58 58 58 58 64 64 490 27 months 15th April 2007 14th July 2009 648426277/161403064/: 810329341/- 21 23 23 23 23 25 25 9138 10086 10433 10433 10433 11033 11033 135802 completion period date of start date of completion super structural work : basement work total contract value cost of material supplied by the owner : : 480000000/- (Which includes Ready mix concrete. Immediately on award of work : 5. Cement.0% Security deposit: 5% of work done to be deducted from running bill subjected to maximum of 60 lac.5% Mobilization of balance 50% of : 1. Performance guarantee : • ESCALATION 19 5% of contract value .0% shuttering material _______________ TOTAL 10.5% Mobilization of 50% shuttering : 1. Reinforcement steel) • TERMS FO PAYMENT: Mobilization advance 10% of contract price.0% Mobilization of cranes and lifts : 2.
• SUPPLY OF MATERIAL BY THE OWNER: Cement: Grey cement ( OPC in bags) Allowable wastage variation: +1% Recovery beyond allowable wastage = Rs 250/.000 per MT wastage Ready mix concrete Allowable wastage variation : Recovery beyond allowable : wastage N/A NOT ALLOWED SAFETY Safety engineering is an applied science strongly related to the system engineering and the subset system of safety engineering. 20 .Vm = 0. Safety engineering assures that life critical system behaves as needed when pieces fails. revised minimum labour wages Minimum labour wages in the month in which price bids are opened.3W(L1-L0)/L0 Where. Vm V1 W Wm C1 C0 L1 L0 = = = = = = = = variation in material cost variation in labour cost gross work done during the period gross work done during against time mentioned in BOQ with basic rates All India wholesale price index All India wholesale price index in the month in which prices bids are opened.5(W-Wm)(C1-C0)/C0 V1 = 0.per bag Reinforcement bars Allowable wastage/variation = +3% Invisible wastage = 1 Recovery beyond allowable = 50.
21 . Conduct Investigation of all Accidents / Dangerous occurrences & recommend appropriate Safety Measures. Convene Safety Meeting & minute the proceedings for circulation & follow up actions. Safety devices & inspect before use as per the laid down norms. the project management team is always ready and quick to respond to them. RESPONSIBILITY OF SAFETY & HEALTH COORDINATOR ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Carry out Safety Inspection of Work area daily. Report to RSC on all matters pertaining to status of Safety & promotional program at site level. Help to prepare Job Safety Analysis (JSA) for critical job. Workmen. than automatically it brings confidence in you to work and gives best output. In case of emergencies. Organize campaigns. Sending reports to Safety Coordinator. competitions & other special emphasis program to promote HSE at the workplace. safety nets etc. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICYOF THE COMPANY: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Intends to maintain a safe and healthy environment and takes due care about occupational health and safety of its employees. The main aim safety is zero accident. The uses of protective gears like safety helmets. Highlight the requirement of HSE through PEP talks. Strives to achieve zero accident rates through having an effective and competent site management team and trained wowed to force. Plan procurement of PPE. Advice & Co-Ordinate for implementations of work permit system. SAFETY ASPECT OF THE PROJECT: If the working environment around you is clean. are strictly enforced among the workers at the site. protective shoes. Simplex gives lots of importance to Safety aspect in Engineers.
Each person shall be fully aware of rules. SAFETY INDUCTION COURSE: It is the policy of the Simplex Infrastructures Limited that all workers shall be familiarized with there work environment. 22 . will be given an admission orientation covering all aspects of his work and area. Supervisors and employee responsibilities Personal Protective Equipment’s & Other Safety Gadgets. restrictions and safe working methods manners in his assigned work. prior to starting site activities. ∗ The statutory codes and regulation on HSE. For example. ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ The Safety Policy of Simplex Infrastructures Limited Safety organization of Simplex Infrastructures Limited The complex regulation for construction safety. Work in restricted areas and highly hazardous works. Refreshers training will be also conducted through other specified courses as required with a view to ensure that each person at the site is competent to perform his work safely and efficiently. Facilitate administration of First – Aid. Fire prevention and fire protection. restrictions and necessary safe working methods. The orientation covers the following topics. Medical and first aid facilities TRAINING PROGRAMS Simplex Infrastructures Limited conducts training programs with specific emphasis on HSE issue’s pertaining to the site activities. SAFETY TRAINING AND MOTIVATIONAL SCHEME AT SITE Simplex Infrastructures Limited conducts several orientation and training programs for all persons at site so that they will be fully aware of site safety rules.∗ ∗ Facilitate Screening of all Workmen & Safety Induction. Each person assigned to the construction site.
Lock out and Tag out Accident Prevention & Accident Investigation. 5. Safety Shoe. Safety Shoe. Working at height. Examples of training programs are as follows: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Regular training. 4. Hand gloves Safety Helmet. Electrical safety. Welding face shield attached with welding helmet. Erection & dismantling. Simplex provided PPE for employee and labours. 7.fighting to ensure quick reaction in case of emergency. All workmen shall be trained to follow safe working procedure to execute their respective jobs in the concerned area with the help of the Safety Engg Dept. Sufficient number of workmen and staff shall be trained in first aid/ artificial respiration /fire . Job specific (critical activities) – relevant to “Risk assessment ” VARIOUS MEASURES TAKEN ON SITE: PEPTALK/ TOOL BOX TALK ∗ ∗ Regularly pep talk is organized to motivate workmen and meet job specific demand by concerned supervisor. The significance of personal protective appliance shall be impressed upon the workman and their use ensure by all concerned. Fire fighting. 6. Hand gloves Safety Helmet. First aid. Safety induction programs shall be conducted for the new workmen and refresher programs for the existing gangs on routine basis. Safety Shoe. Hand gloves 23 . Activity 1 Site Transport Handle of diesel Material handling Welding Grinders Gas cutting Erection Crane operator Suggested PPE Safety Helmet. 3. safety shoe. hand salves. Safety & Health inspection emergency and rescue. Rubber hand gloves and Goggles. Hand gloves Face shield attached with welding helmet. Emergency preparedness. 8. Safety Shoe. new joiners – staff. Safety Helmet. Various PPE listed below: Sl. Face shield attached with welding helmet. Hand gloves. All staff member & workmen shall receive basic training on safety. All sub-contractor and their supervisor conduct pep talk when new work start and give awareness of the work in presence of Site in-charge and Safety coordinator. No 2. workmen. Safety Shoe. Preparatory talk on daily basis & subject will be chosen as per the need / demand.∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Site safety rules and requirements. Periodical training. Safety Shoe. Safety Induction for visitors.
dust mask. gumboot &hand gloves. 3.9. For shifting of critical patient who required hospitalization emergency vehicles is provided with medical facility. It is made of Poly propelene Ropes. First aid trainee is given to sub-contractor also. Two full fledged first aider are made available at aid centre shift wise to extend to first aid service round the clock. dust mask. Barricading tape: The portion of the site under work is generally barricaded by a tape which notifies others for not entering the particular area . 4. Safety belt. Working at heights Excavation& Backfilling Concrete work Safety Helmet. Sometimes it is useful for saving human life. The border rope is of diameter 12mm. Fall Arrester: 24 . 10.These kind of tapes are known as the Barricading tapes. ELCB/RCCB: An Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker(ELCB) device always checks for any leakage of current. Simplex is tie up with some of the hospital having sufficient amenities to handle critical case effectively. MEDICAL AND FIRST AID FACILITIES First Aid is an immediate and temporary care given to the victim of an accident. 11. There be at least one standby emergence vehicles on site during working time.it means there must be a leakage current. An ELCB works by comparing the input current in the hot current line feeding a load and the return current in the central line coming back from the load. RCCB means Residual Current Circuit Breaker which operates when there is a difference in current between any two phases. It may involve improvising with facilities and materials available at time. Safety Helmet. Safety Net: Safety nets are nets generally used in the side of the towers to stop some falling objects from the tower top. 2. SAFETY MATERIALS 1. If the return current is less than the input current by a quiet small amount Usually only about 30 mA . Safety Shoe. Generally it is of dimension (10mX4m). Safety Shoe. Safety Helmet. The main objectives of first aid are:∗ To preserve life ∗ To prevent the worsening of the condition ∗ To promote reconvenes FIRST AID FACILITY AT SITE Main first aid centre is established within the site premises at local convenient location with adequate facilities to handle the following emergence. Safety Shoe. It has a mesh size of (2”X2”).
Flashback Arrester: It is a safety device generally used in gas cutting set. The different parts of scaffolding are given below: ∗ Bay: The space between the center line of two adjacent standards. ∗ Brace: a tube placed diagonally with respect to the vertical or horizontal members of a scaffold and fix to them to afford stability. There are four types of scaffolding. ∗ Toe Board: An up stand at the edge of a platform intended to prevent materials or operatives feet from slipping off the platform. SCAFOLDING Scaffolding are structures erected besides the tall buildings which acts as a platform for work. It acts as a support of the transoms are frequently for the tie tubes and ledger braces and is usually jointed with the adjacent standards. ∗ Ledger : A longitudinal tube normally fixed parallel to the face of a building in the direction of the larger dimension of the scaffold. ∗ Bird cage Scaffolding: The scaffolding consisting of six or more standards in each direction. ∗ Working platform: the deck from which the building operations are carried out. ∗ Hanging Scaffolding: The scaffolding hung from overhead. Tower & independent scaffolding 25 .It is a safety device connected with the rope and safety belts which protects the person working vertically at the top of the building from falling down. It is a one way valve which prevents fire and explosion the heat coming from nozzle. These are : ∗ Tower Scaffolding: The scaffolding consisting of four standards and not extended at any side. ∗ standard : A vertical or near vertical tubes based on the ground or a structure. ∗ Coupler: A components used to fix the scaffold tubes together. 5. ∗ Independent Scaffolding: The scaffolding consisting of three or more standards in long but only two standards in wide.
which in turn will determine the maximum bay centers as follows: TYPES USES Platform loading KN/m2 Kg/m2 0.2m) 6(1. Painting.2m) 5(1.5 2.0m) 5(1. then the combustion doesn’t persist Smothering: By eliminating the air or oxygen from the fuel. 26 .77m) 4(1. Cleaning To change Hoist Fire: Fire is a chain reaction which involves the oxidation of combustible materials. of boards & standard CRS 3(0. Each scaffold will have set maximum loadings.0 2. heat and light energy emitted. The principle of extinguishment may be classified as follows: ∗ ∗ ∗ Starvation. Presence of OXYGEN Temperature Fire Triangle: Three main factors are essential to combustion Principle of extinguishment of fire: Fire extinguishment involves removal of any one or more factors depicted by the fire triangle.5 0.75 1. if the rate at which the heat is generating by combustion is less than the rate which is dissipated.0 2. Causes of fire: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Ignorance Carelessness Poor Presence of fuel that is wood. SCAFFOLD CLASSIFICATION Scaffolds are classified by type according to their purpose for use. petrol.45m) 5(1.2m) Fully boarded NILL Maximum bay centres 1 2 2 plus 1 very light duty 2 plus 1 very light duty 1 plus 1 very light duty 1 1 N/A Very light duty Independent Light duty Independent General purpose Independent Heavy duty Independent Special or masonry Independent Putlog duty birdcage Light duty birdcage Hoist tower SAFETY FROM FIRE Inspection Plasterers.5 3. Painting and Cleaning Building work light brick work Brickwork Heavy cladding Masonry work Concrete Block work New Brickwork Inspection. paper etc. By eliminating fuel Cooling.75 N/A 76 153 204 255 306 255 76 N/A No.
Potassium. oil. cloth etc.CLASSIFICATION OF FIRE ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Class A-Ordinary/general/carbonaceous fire Class B-Flammable liquid fire Class C-Flammable gas fire Class D-Reactive metal fire CLASS A B C D EXAMPLE Paper. aluminum etc. LPG etc. sodium. Acetylene.starvation FIRST AID FIREFIGHTING APPLIANCES: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Sand bucket Fire hook Fire beater Portable fire extinguisher Hose reel hose 27 . smothering . cooling Cooling. EXTINGUISHING EFFECT Cooling. wood.starvation Smothering Smothering. smothering . methane. Petrol. acetone etc. hydrogen. diesel.
SAFETY INSTRUMENTS A SAFETY SIGN BOARD AT SIMPLEX FIRE EXTINGUISHER USE AS PER CLASSIFICATION EXTINGUSHIR SODA ACID WATER CO2 FOAM DCP CO2 A X X B X X X CLASS C X X X D X X X 28 .
Finishing work done in some parts are as follow:• • • • • • • • • Brick work Door frame Window frame Railing Plastering Tilling & stone work Plaster of Paris Indian patent stone (IPS) False ceiling 29 . Cost of the finishing is 70% of the total cost of building.EXECUTION FINISHING ACTIVITIES: Finishing is the major part of building.
• • Painting BRICK WORK: Brick work is masonry produced by a bricklayer. Thickness of external plaster should be 15mm with proportion 1:6. Then the alignment is checked and a straight string is tied in to the brick previously placed along the line of brickwork is to be done as the outer boundary line. After finishing the complete row the next row brickwork is done by following the same procedure. external wall and ceiling. Chicken mesh is used to make brick wall monolithic with columns. METHODOLOGY ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ The wall is inspected for electrical conduits. The brick wall surface is properly wetted with water. window frames. Placing the cement mortar in patches of 12 to 15 mm thickness as per the requirement. This project site walls are build up reinforcement brick work for high rise building (tower). Reinforcement bars is provided after three layers of brick differ. Ceiling plaster thickness is 6mm with 1:3. Generally it may be 18-20mm thickness. Then the bricks are placed and joined by the mortar of specified mixed ratio. Here thickness of brick work are 125mm & 250mm . The brickwork surface is also properly wetted Then two brick placed as stretcher perpendicular to the line of brickwork. Thickness of internal plaster is 12mm with 1:4 (cement: sand) proportion. • PLASTERING: Plaster is done on internal wall . using bricks and mortar to build up brick structure such as walls. 30 .250mm thickness of brick work used for main wall with proportion of mortar 1:6 & 125mm thickness of brick work used for partition wall with proportion of mortar 1:4 ( cement : sand). Reinforced brick work is being carried out hence after every three layer two bars of diameter 6mm is provided in brickwork for lateral support. The joint of the brickwork must be discontinues. Covering the whole wall with mortar maintaining the thickness with respect to the patches. door frames etc. METHODOLOGY ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Bricks are properly soaked into the water.
∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ The floor is cleaned by removing dust and debris. Levelling patches are provided at different places to maintaining the level at the time of placing of tiles. Then the surface is wetted by water. Then the cement slurry is spread over the surface Then the tiles are gently placed over the surface with the gap of 3 mm The gap is finally files by thin cement slurry. 31 . • TILING & STONE WORK: In phase 2A two types are used: ∗ ∗ METHODLOGY Ceramic tiles Vitrified tiles. Use tiling mortar with 1:3 proportion for wall.∗ ∗ Levelling of mortar is done with the help of aluminium bar If there is any void space after the levelling that is filled by the mortar. The whole area is then covered by the mortar up to the level of patches. Generally 20-25mm thickness backing is used for floor. After that the cement sand mortar is prepared. Finally the whole wall is levelled properly and our plastering work is finished. Use tiling mortar with 1:4 (cement: sand) proportion for floor. Finally the tiles were clean and the tiling work is finish BACKING FOR TILING:- ∗ ∗ ∗ 12-15 mm thick backing for tiling is used for wall.
Kota stone: Kota stone is used in stair case.5 mason and 2. In market 50 kg bag is available which covers 20m2 wall area.5 numbers labours are required for two flight. In this case the total floor area is divided in several panels (1mx1m) by using PVC strip. Udaipur green Kota stone is also used at duplex stair case. Marigold granite stone: Marigold stone is used at beside the lift facial. VACUUM DEWATERED FLOORING 32 .): Indian patent stone is one type of flooring with is used in bedroom of all apartments in project. final landing and dado finishing.P.S. Dimension of these strips are 4mm in thickness & 40mm in width. Then concreting is done in alternate to create a non homogeneous joint as we can prevent huge repair cost when repairing is needed. mid landing. ∗ Watering the surface. After IPS the flooring is covered by wooden block by using adhesive material. ∗ ∗ • INDIAN PATENT STONE (I. • PLASTER OF PARIS(POP): POP is done to get smooth surface on wall. In our project we use 3mm-4mm POP covering on internal wall surface But we can use 4mm-6mm thick POP finishing. Mix ratio of IPS is 1:2:4 where sand is medium coarse sand and stone chips are 12mm down. One painter can paint 20m2 wall area in a day . Pop is done in some steps: ∗ Clean the plastered wall surface. • STONE WORK : The following stones are used in the site: ∗ Crown pink stone: Crown pink stone is used for flooring at lobby.To complete flooring in stair case 2. Dado of Kota stone is 100mm. ∗ Make a suitable lay of Paris. ∗ Apply the POP on wall.∗ Cement water paste is used on back side of tiles.
A mat with arrangement for suction is spread over the net Water is drawn out with the help of VDP(Vacuum Dewatering Pump) After dewatering. Grade of Concrete: Minimum grade of concrete used shall be M15 conforming to IS-456. 100mm thick slab is casted and vibrated with the use of vibrator for better compaction. Abrasion resistance of the floor increased resulting in less wear and rear of the floor surface Shrinkage of concrete is reduced and floor warps less. The PCC surface first scratched and then wetted before the casting.Methodology: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ A bed of silver sand of thickness 650mm is laid first. The sand is then compacted and a thin plastic is laid over it 50mm PCC done over the plastic layer. hardener named SIKA CHAPDUR is spread over the surface @ 4Kg/m2 The surface is levelled properly with the help of power trowel Finally after proper levelling. Only measured quantity of water shall be used in the mix. Only skilled and experienced operators shall be employed for the purpose. A thin net is laid over the casted layer after about 10-15 minutes of casting. Special Requirement: All works covered by this specification shall be carried out by an experienced agency having sufficient expertise in vacuum Dewatering concrete system. Actual ratio shall be decided with approval of the Engineer-in-charge. Only Design Mix Concrete shall be used Water-Cement ratio: Water-cement ratio upto 0. Reinforcement bars of diameter 8mm and 10 mm with clear cover 25 mm is laid over the PCC at a distance of 200mm centre to centre. Prior approval of the agency shall be obtained from the Engineer-in-Charge before starting the work. Advantages of VDF: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ The compressive strength of floor increased There’s a gain in tensile strength Cement consumption is reduced as no cement is required separately for finishing the surface.65 shall be allowed to obtain better slump& workability. All the equipment shall be of approved 33 . brushing of the surface is done.
QUANTITY SURVEY 34 .and proven types and suitable for the work involved. Alternate slab strips shall be sequentially laid. At construction joints no overflow of mortal or slurry on the already hardened surface shall be allowed while concreting the intermediate slab strip. Any damage to the already finished top surface shall be avoided. Such construction joints shall be marked with a thread in a straight line while the concrete is still green. Edges at expansion joints shall be protected and proper arrangement of shear-transfer shall be provided. Continuity of reinforcement shall be maintained while laying concrete in slab strips. The maximum width of a slab strip shall not generally exceed 4 meters and minimum number of construction joints shall be used. Concrete Laying: Concrete laying pattern shall be decided in consultation with the Engineer-in-Charge and with his approval.
25 1427.25 995.125 306.5 765.75 303.625 153.5 455.75 112.75 1147.75 225 520.5 705.425 539 1836 2632.5 540 506.125 481.875 93.25 201.25 35 . DESCRIPTION UNIT NUMBER LENGTH HEIGHT WIDTH QUANTITY BRICK WORK A 1 250 mm thick wall MASTER BEDROOM x10^6 mm^3 2 1 1 1 2 BED ROOM 2 1 1 1 1 3 LIVING ROOM 2 1 1 4 5 6 DINING ROOM STORE ROOM LIFT 2 2 2 1 1 7 STAIR ROOM 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 TOILET 2 1 1 1 1 9 GARBAGE BINS 1 1 1 1 1 3325 1750 1475 600 1750 325 600 675 250 250 2331 731 440 1360 1950 450 450 2160 1290 750 1085 1615 750 1755 750 850 2300 850 850 1700 1250 1250 800 750 2450 1100 2700 2700 1100 2450 3150 2700 2450 2450 2450 2700 2450 2700 2700 2700 2700 2450 1100 600 2600 500 500 2600 600 2450 2775 2450 2700 2700 2450 2600 2700 2700 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 4073.0625 472.7375 493.625 812.5 199.5 303.625 520.625 405 962.625 1595.75 1140.75 2646 354. TILING AND PLASTERING ON A TYPICAL FLOOR TOTAL QUANTITY SL NO.625 573.TOTAL BRICK WORK.
5 610.484375 558.375 275.10 UTILITY 1 1 1 1 1365 890 860 750 775 1075 125 1365 2790 1175 2160 1826 3060 709 675 2790 700 805 475 2450 2700 2700 600 3150 1100 2450 2450 2450 2450 2450 1400 2100 3150 2450 2450 1400 2450 2450 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 836.0625 600.40625 295.9375 42157.625 76.75 580.625 226.3125 295.3125 1890 704.375 885.90625 236.09375 236.25 705.5 251.0625 1708.25 1890 371.5 112.875 245 493.5625 836.5 558.5 552.9375 885.25 561.0625 290.8125 346.9375 2 TOILET 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 4 DINING KITCHEN 2 2 1 1 36 .7875 11 KITCHEN 1 1 1 12 LIVING/DINING 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 MASTER BEDROOM 1 1 14 TOILET 1 1 B 1 125 mm thick wall BED ROOM 2 1 1 1 1 3800 2200 725 1825 600 2800 1100 1425 600 2090 700 575 1235 880 1803 625 750 2800 1150 2625 2250 2700 2700 2775 2450 3150 2700 2700 3150 3150 2700 3150 3150 2700 3150 2450 2450 3150 2700 2450 2700 3150 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 0 2565 742.1 1606.4375 1708.875 719.6875 1323 639.16875 191.3375 413.40625 416.
5 310.9 65.125 8098.46 553.4 54.375 64.18438 7 MASTER BED ROOM 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 TOILET 1 1 1 1 1 C 1 TIMBER FLOORING MASTER BED ROOM x10^4 mm^2 2 1 3925 5575 1000 3225 3900 3250 1150 900 2925 3725 2551.155 2 1 2800 1750 1500 875 1600 750 1350 2150 1000 1053 750 1365 725 475 1204 175 315.125 2 BED ROOM 2 1 1 D 1 VITRIFIED TILES LIVING ROOM 2 3 DINING BALCONY 2 2 1 1 E 1 CERAMIC TILES KITCHEN 2 TOILET 2 1 1 1 1 37 .5 620.25 988.5 6 STORE KITCHEN 2 1 1 1 1 3005 1960 860 600 2510 850 1775 125 600 600 1075 800 975 600 920 920 2025 3290 1225 2700 3150 3150 3150 3150 2700 3150 3150 3150 3150 3150 3150 2700 2700 2700 2700 2450 3150 3150 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 2028.375 625.75 338.625 236.3125 1452.34375 24948.0625 202.75 5768.25 236.25 423.3125 286.875 698.90625 49.28125 315 329.4375 482.21875 236.425 851.975 146.4375 2 1 1 4900 7081/6140 3005/2750 3105 4865 7154 1670 1150 4725 1925 2925 875 875 875 1127 3123.15625 1295.25 641.375 771.625 218.125 180 943.5 310.92 1816.
225 273.25 1191.875 515.625 713.15 2100 772.2375 371.125 227.5115 F 1 PLASTERING MASTER BEDROOM 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5550 1500 3925 1225 600 250 1700 1000 2450 675 1750 2200 3800 2925 600 1100 600 1750 750 900 1350 3725 2400 425 3575 750 2350 500 350 900 3500 2575 1800 1700 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3035 3000 3000 3000 3000 0 3368.9875 1085.1 75.75 106.1625 171.4 1153.625 273.36 70.5 743.425 3274.575 204.225 151.45 1130.15 819.5375 728.85 182.5 19.639 885.8625 531.0125 227.4 128.7375 182.7875 182.1 1 3 STORE 2 1 1 635 1630 2380 940 555 475 1053 1860 750 350 30.95 303.125 1335.1 333.1 531.3 887.85 455.5 540 510 2 BED ROOM 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 BED ROOM 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 LIVING ROOM 2 1 1 1 38 .
375 661.5 262.3 142.5 244.25 189 315 393.5 660 219.75 1755 735 169.5 201 75 735 375 1050 699.5 362.1 1 1 1 1 1 5 STORE ROOM 1 1 1 1 1 6 KITCHEN 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 DINING 2 1 1 8 BALCONY 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 TOILET 8 1 1 1 1 6130 4660 7331 475 2200 731 1500 3005 2100 1360 880 1960 900 2725 2100 1150 600 1000 1250 2925 2450 565 1000 725 875 815 875 725 1125 875 670 250 2450 1250 3500 2331 1800 750 1550 725 2340 2340 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3150 3150 3150 3150 3150 3150 3150 3150 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 1839 1398 2199.3 450 901.5 337.3 540 1800 465 217.5 262.5 702 702 39 .5 630 408 264 1234.5 600 217.5 262.8 283.5 217.5 858.
1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2300 750 825 575 1475 1235 2800 975 725 875 1053 875 625 1440 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 690 450 247.5 187.S standards and contract specification and full the needs of the Clients. Keeping in mind.5 840 292. the company has prepared Quality policy and planned for the quality and necessary action in advance so that the quality of work meets the I.5 315.5 172.3375 QUALITY CONTROL QUALITY CONTROL ASPECT OF THE PROJECT: As quality play very important role in every project.5 370.5 262. Simplex also gives lot of importance to Quality control and Quality assurance aspect. 40 .5 432 53556.5 217.5 442.9 262.
Here 3 cubes are used to test after 7 days and the rest 3 cubes used in 28 days for getting the result. PROCEDURE: 41 . in the Simplex Infrastructures Limited. Records are being maintained as per ISO standards QUALITY POLICY OF THE COMPANY: We. QUALITY OBJECTIVES OF THE COMPANY: “To inculcate in the minds of our employee the culture of project execution with continent quality assurance and adherence to milestone as per customer requirement through development of programme and guidelines. are committed to executed project as per customer requirement ensuring customer satisfaction through implementation quality management systems in according with ISO 9001:2008 and making continual effort to enhance quality.Simplex has set up well equipped quality laboratory in the site where all the tests being performed in the presence of consultant client. Slump test (Workability) Test for bricks. water cement ratio is inversely proportional to the strength. VARIOUS TESTS BE CONDUCTED ON THE SITE: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Cube Compressive Strength tests. About 2/3rd of the strength is gained in 7 days. Tests on all incoming Materials as per specifications. Aggregate test. To maintain a conducive environment and infrastructural facilities at work place with due consideration for occupational health and safety legislations.e. We take 6 cubes of dimension (150mmX150mmX150mm) for testing purpose. • Compressive Strength Test: Cube test is used for measuring the compressive strength of concrete.” ∗ ∗ To ensure and improve customer satisfaction. VARIOUS TESTS CONDUCTED IN LABS: ∗ ∗ ∗ Reinforcement test Cement test Water test TESTS FOR CONCRETE: Workability of concrete is proportional to the water cement ratio and is inversely proportional to the strength i.
42 . The cube is hence prepared. The level of fall of concrete from the top determines the workability. made of 3 parts is used for the test. • Slump Test: Slump test is used to determine the workability of concrete on site. The cube is compressed in the compressive testing machine after 7 and 28 days respectively. The compressive strength of the concrete is read from the reading of the pressure gauge. Testing instrument: ∗ ∗ Slump cone Tampering rod. Each layer is being filled and tampered for about 25 times for compaction. Slump results for some specific cases: ∗ heavy slump – 100mm ∗ slump for mass concrete – 50mm ∗ slump for concrete used in road – (25 to 50)mm ∗ slump for pump concrete – (120 to 150)mm If the slump value of concrete exceeds 150. PROCEDURE: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Slump cone is filled with concrete in 4 layers.∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ A mould of dimension (150mmX150mmX150mm). The upper surface is then smoothed and leveled. The tampering rod is marked with a measurement scale. The upper surface is smoothed and levelled. then it is called loose concrete. The slump cone is then vertically lifted. Concrete is being filled and tampered.
5 M10 M15 M20 M25 NOMINAL MIX 1:4:8 1:3. beams.5:3 1:1:2 PCC RCC • • • • PLACES OF USE OF VARIOUS GRADES OF CONCRETE AT UNITECH SITE: M7.6 1:2:4 1:1. Pile Caps. Deck Slabs. VDF.The 7 days strength should not be less than 67% Average 28 days strength of all the cubes should be fck +3 Individual strength of cubes should not be less than fck If RMC fails in compressive strength retrofitting works or remedial measures are applied such as: ∗ dismantling ∗ jacketing using steel sheets ∗ grouting • In-situ test for concretes: ∗ load test ∗ hammer test ∗ core-cutter test NOMINAL MIX FOR VARIOUS GRADES OF CONCRETE: GRADE M7. Retaining Walls Columns (10th to top floor) Columns (4th to 10th floor) Columns (basement to 4th floor) CEMENT: Types of cement used nowadays are as follows: 43 .5 M25 M30 M35 M40 Plain Cement Concrete Casting of slabs. Lintels.
GrIII 200 gm) Water Added [(P/4)+3]% . P = Normal Consistency in % Mixing time 3 min.Type of Cement (with relevant grade and IS code) OPC (33 Grade) IS-269. 1989 PPC(Fly Ash Based) IS-1489 (P1). 28days tests (each test 3nos cube).6mm x 70. Compressive Strength test Proportion of mortar for cube casting200 gm Cement : 600 gm Standard Sand (GrI 200 gm. 7days. 1989 OPC (53 Grade) IS-12269. Frequency of test – for each Batch 1no of test.6mm) No of Sample casted 9nos for 3days.(High Yield Steel Deformed Bar) The bars used are TMT bars that is Thermo Mechanically Treated bars.6mm x 70. ∗ Fe-500 ∗ Fe-415 HYSD bars. for each lot 1 no of test Tests for reinforcement steel: There are two grades of steel are used in our site.00 Cube mould of size (70. 1991 PPC (Calcined Clay Based) IS-1489 (P2). Time of Vibration 2min. .. 1991 Compressive Strength 3days 16 Mpa 23 Mpa 27 Mpa 16 Mpa 7days 22Mpa 33Mpa 37Mpa 22Mpa 28days 33Mpa 43Mpa 53Mpa 33Mpa TESTS FOR CEMENT: Type of test Fineness of Cement Permissible Value Cement retained not more than 10% Equipment used IS sieve of 90 micron (sieving time 2min) Vicat Apparatus La-Chartlier Specific Gravity bottle Normal Consistency 28% . 44 . 10hr.30% Initial setting Time Final setting Time Soundness Specific Gravity not less than 30min. 1987 PSC IS-455.GrII 200 gm. Expansion not more than 10mm 2.1989 OPC (43 Grade) IS-8112.e.89 – 3.4 min. not more than 600min i.
(CA & FA). ∗ Specific gravity. 30% for Road. runway) 45 . (CA) ∗ Flakiness index.85for 25 mm dia No sign of crack should be visible Chemical Tests: NATURE OF TESTS Carbon(C) % Sulphur(S) % Phosphorus(P) % TEST FOR AGGREGATES Types of aggregate: ∗ Coarse aggregate (CA) ∗ Fine aggregate (FA) Types of test: ∗ Grading Analysis. ∗ Moisture content. ∗ Chemical test Physical tests: NATURE OF TEST Tensile strength(N/mm2) Yield strength(N/mm2) % elongation at break on a gel Weight per meter length(kg/m) Bend REQUIREMENTS AS PER IS 1786-1985 Grade Fe500 545(min) 500(min) 12.30% for Road. ∗ Bulking of sand. ∗ Water absorption value.Tests are classified into two categories. (CA). ∗ Soundness of aggregates. (CA). ∗ Aggregate crushing / impact value. (CA & FA). (CA). (CA) ∗ Abrasion value.055%(max) (not > 45% for Concrete. ∗ Bulk density.055%(max) 0. runway) (not > 50% for Concrete. ∗ Elongation index. (CA & FA). ∗ Physical test. (FA).3%(max) 0. (CA) REQUIREMENTS 0. (CA & FA).0(min) 3.
TESTS FOR WATER: For testing of construction water As per IS 456: 2000 CHARACTERISTICS Permissible Limit Max Inorganic Matter (mg/l) Suspended Matter (mg/l) Chloride (mg/l) 3000 2000 1000 CHARACTERISTICS Sulphate (mg/l) pH Organic Matter Permissible Limit Max 500 not less than 6 200 46 .
0 1.01 0.44mx12mm 47 . Max) Calcium Ca (mg/l.01 0.0 Unobjectionable Agreeable 5 – 10 500 300 – 600 200 – 600 30 0.2 0.1 0. Max) Nitrate (mg/l. Max) Magnesium Mg (mg/l.001 0.3 – 1.05 75 0. Max) Alkalinity (mg/l.001 0.5 45 0.5%) Strength test Compressive strength(not less than 10. Max) Chloride Cl (mg/l. Max) Fluoride F (mg/l.05 0.05 0. Max) Arsenic As (mg/l. Max) Mineral oil (mg/l. Max) Sulphate SO4 (mg/l. Max) Lead Pb (mg/l. Max) Coliform Organisms (MPN/100ml) TESTS FOR BRICKS: ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Requirement Max 5.5 5 0. 1998 CHARACTERISTICS Colour (Colour unit. Max) Manganese Mn (mg/l.05 10 CHARACTERISTICS pH Zinc Zn (mg/l. Max) Pesticides (mg/l) Requirement Max 6.0 – 1. Another type of ply is available in the market called white ply or commercial ply.05 Absent (as per IS-3495) Dimension (250x125x75)mm Shape and size Colour Metallic ringing sound when collide each other. Max) Cyanide CN(mg/l. Max) Odour Taste Turbidity (NTU) Total Dissolved solids (mg/l. Max) Mercury Hg (mg/l. Max) Phenolic Compound (mg/l.For testing of construction water As per IS 14543. Warpage test Water absorption test(20% max) Efflorescence test (moderate upto 12.22mx2. Max) Residue free Chlorine (mg/l.03 250 200 0. Max) Iron Fe (mg/l.5 – 8.5) TESTS FOR SHUTTERING PLY: The type of ply is used in our site is red ply named Laminated Ply. Max) Cadmium Cd (mg/l. Max) Aluminum Al (mg/l. Ply dimensions: 1. Max) Hardness as CaCO3 (mg/l. Max) Chromium Cr (mg/l.0 less than 12. Max) Copper Cu (mg/l.
Weight of the ply: 30 to 35 kg per piece. WATER PROOFING AGENT (SIKA LATEX) Material SIKA WATER CEMENT repair work/plaster 1 6 as per requirement wall painting 1 4 6 Putty 1 2 1 48 . (NABL Accredited & ISO 9001:2000) NABL National Accrediation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories. clay and silt layers respectively. The permissible limit for clay and silt content is 10%. CALIBRATION OF MACHINES: Certified from Superintendence Co of India (P. It should not be more than that.) ltd. It is done by taking a sample of sand in a measuring cylinder and fully saturating it. ISO/IEC 17025:2005 The instruments are to be tested after every 1 year.e. The various instruments being tested are: ∗ pressure gauge ∗ vernier calipers ∗ wire gauge ∗ micrometer and screw gauge ∗ digital balance ∗ slump cone ∗ hot air oven ∗ measuring cylinder ∗ IS sieve ∗ Silt And Clay content in sand Silt and clay content should be tested to know the quality of sand. After a while two layers are produced at the top of the sand i.
According to the climate and temperature change a suitable kind of machine is to be chosen. Place of work: The type of machine required for a particular job hugely depends on the place or location of the project. the estimation of the required resources and durations for individual tasks. quality controlled and safety process that is being prepared before the commencement of a project for t is being prepared structure wise. ASPECT OF PLANNING IN A CONSTRUCTION JOB: Construction planning is a fundamental and challenging activity in the management and execution of construction projects. we should make sure that a good operator is also available for the operation of that machine. Cost or hire Charge: The machine is to be chosen depending on its cost and hire charge. even if the plan is not written or otherwise formally recorded. Availability of operator: If we choose a particular type of machine. A good construction plan is the basis for developing the budget and the schedule for work. Developing the construction plan is a critical task in the management of construction. It involves the choice of technology. Efficiency: The ratio of the output to the input of a machine is known as efficiency of that machine.SAND as per requirement - 1 PLANNING A systematic. It largely depends on the amount allotted for that particular project. economic. it may also be necessary to make organizational decisions about the relationships between project participants and even which organizations to include in a project. the extent to which subcontractors will be used on a project is often determined during construction planning. and the identification of any interactions among the different work tasks. In addition to these technical aspects of construction planning. 49 ∗ ∗ ∗ . So to choose a particular machine we should first choose its efficiency. the definition of work tasks. For example. Planning is mainly of four types: Material plan Labour or man-power plan Machine plan SELECTION OF MACHINE: ∗ ∗ ∗ Output of the machine: According to the scope of work and depending on the output of the machine we can choose the correct machine for a particular work. Size & Shape: The shape and size of the machine depends on the quantity of work to be done and also the amount of space available at the site for work. time maintaining.
Fuel consumption: We should choose such a kind of machine which is economical in fuel consumption. Quality: Before giving the contract to a supplier we should consult with the market about the goodwill and the supplying quality of that supplier. we should make sure that all the parts of the machine are available in nearby location to retard the cost of the project. Transportation: We should keep in mind that the supplied materials from the supplier are not far away from the site. Standardisation: The machine should always be standardised for all the works. or else we have to think about extra transportation charges. 50 . SELECTION OF SUPPLIER ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Cost: At first the rate of all the contractors is to be taken so that we can decide whom to give the work to. Storage: The machine should be selected such that it could be stored in a shed in the project site or nearby easily. SELECTION OF SUB-CONTRACTOR ∗ Time: While giving a contract to a subcontractor we should always bind his time limit so that he does not take a much longer time to finish the project. Behaviour: While making the contract we can make sure that the contractor’s behaviour is well or else he could make problem while supplying the material. Maintenance cost: While hiring a machine we should always keep in mind that a hiring cost should also be allotted with it. Delivery time: While making the contract we should firmly mention the delivery time some days before the project or else it may cause delay in project.∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Transportation: The machine to be hired should not be supplied from a great distance so as to cut the cost of transportation. We can also deal by making the contractor give the transportation charges. The dealing may be in terms of months. Longevity of machine: Machine should be handled in such a way that it could be used for a longer period of time. Cost & Availability of parts: If any machine is imported. Payment terms: Payment terms should be mentioned as per deal with the contractor so that he could not raise any argument further. total or as per supply.
Based on the number of labours he could provide. total or as per supply. Thus we could estimate the profits and cost of project under that particular subcontractor. Experience: The experience of the contractor should be kept in mind so that we can make sure that he will give a good output. Origin of labour: The origin of the labour is essential as we could clearly acknowledge the time the labours will be absent during the festivals. The performance of the supplier should always be noticed before giving the contract. The dealing may be in terms of months. 51 . Quality: We should always check from the previous work of the subcontractor to make sure that he is capable of doing good quality of work. we decide to give him the contract.∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Cost: The cost of the project part handled by the subcontractor should be discussed before giving him the contract. Labour accommodation: Labour accommodation should be well known so as to make their place for living in the site or nearby. Behaviour: While making the contract we can make sure that the contractor’s behaviour is well or else he could make problem while supplying the material. Payment terms: Payment terms should be mentioned as per deal with the contractor so that he could not raise any argument further. Labours: We should always check the ability of the contractor to supply labours. Efficiency: Performance of a supplier is his past reputation and ability of his supply.
So we can apply 140 Amp load (max) on a 125 kVA D.G. so there should be good connection between these two dept. 150 kVA. In BUUIPL. permissible load=112 Amp) 20% extra = 18 lit/hr (on maximum permissible load=140 Amp) 52 . available in market of various capacity .eg. Simplex Infrastructure Limited concentrate on this dept and develop an authentic electrical dept by appointing good electrical engineer in every project site. In BUUIPL . ASPECT OF ELECTRICAL DEPT IN A HIGHRISE BUILDING PROJECT: As like other civil engineering works .G.125kVA. in high rise building project we need several electrical machines which can not be operated without electricity and the project can not be done without these machines. There are several types of D. builder hoist. 1kVA is equivalent to 1. So we need electricity connection from some other outside agencies or we have to generate electricity. produce generally 65 to 80 Amp current in form of direct current. So 125 kVA is equivalent to 175 Amp. building hoist. But for safety we apply only 80% load of maximum permissible load. submersible pump . Diesel Generators are the one most important machines which are supervised by our electrical dept. Rajarhat site simplex has arranged some diesel generator to generate the electricity.4 Amp. bar cutting machine etc are the electrical machines can not work without electricity.): Diesel generator means the generator which generates electricity from diesel. bar bending machine. SOME IMPORTANT ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND EQUIPEMENT: DIESEL GENERATOR (D.100 kVA. We transform this DC to AC by using rectifier and then we use either Automatic Voltage Regulator (AVR) or step up transformer to get the desired amount of electricity.ELECTRICAL DEPARTMENT In a word electrical dept means that dept which governs all works or job concerning electricity. D. These machines are supervised by the mechanical dept . Fuel consumption: For 125 kVA DG: 15 lit/hr (on 80% load of max. concrete mixer machine. vibrator .G. Tower crane. Rajarhat site simplex has developed an electrical dept which look after all the electrical machines and other component concerning electricity. 75 kVA etc.G. In our site there are several DG of several capacity.
ELECTRICAL APPIANCES RUNNING INSIDE SITE OFFICE Place Tube light Ceiling Stand exhaust refrigerator Fan fan 3 phase Wall CFL AC 3 phase UPS fan motor 3-phase compressive Kitchen Dining Toilet Quality Planning Accounts 1 Accounts 2 PM Tea hut Store Mech /electric verandah 1 6 2 6 2 2 3 3 1 3 3 4 Sl no.1 KW D. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 3 2 4 1 2 2 4 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 3 Item Tube light Ceiling fan Stand fan Exhaust Wall fan CFL AC Metal hailde 3 phase UPS Motor Refrigerator Oven 3 phase motor 3 phase cube tester number 34 23 2 3 1 9 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 power 40 80 140 40 40 20 2000 400 10 KVA 2 HP 180 3 HP 3 HP 3 HP Total power 1360 1840 280 120 40 180 2000 1200 8000 1500 180 2250 22500 2250 Total power consumed : 22.47 KW (assuming 80% of load at a time) 53 .G required for = 15.
5 KW Working power . The detail technical specifications are listed below.1 litre/hr 15 – 18 litre/hr Total cost= 1800x40.84. so although it is a mechanical machine but also an electrical machine which is supervised by both dept mechanical and electrical. MOTOR POWER SUPPLY CAPACITY SUPPLY VOLTAGE : Rated power .49 KW /unit/day TOWER CRANE: Tower cranes are very important machines in highrise building project.Use 50 KVA DG (avoiding 25 KVA by being on safer side in case of full load) 50 KVA DG Capacity= 80% of 50 KW= 40 KW Can be used for= 80% of 40 KW= 32 KW D.91. Tower crane can not be operated without electricity.4 KW : 125 KVA : 415 V (current charge) SUPPLY FREQUENCY : 50 Hz 54 .G capacity Hire charge= 14000/month Maintenance= 2000/month Fuel= 1800 litre/month Mobil= 0.6 + 15x176 + 14000 + 2000 = 91720 Rate= ( 91720/(12x30x30)) = 8.
When the operator is absent minded then these limit switches protect the machines and avoid all type of accident by cut the electrical circuit. Hoist limit switch: This limit switch is provided in a tower crane to control the vertical movement of weight lifted when it is moved in upward or downward direction. When a weight more than the given limit is lifted by the crane then this limit switch automatically cut the electrical circuit and so the no accident can take place. Over load limit switch : This limit switch works when we lift a weight more than the permissible limit of the crane.TOWER CRANE Various limit switches in a tower crane: All the limit switches are provided in a tower crane to avoid any type of accident. Movement limit switch: This limit switch is used in a tower crane to limit the swing movement of the tower boom from a permissible limit.(t) Radius (m) Fall a=2 a=4 10 ton Radius max Travelling 56 56 65 55 Attached 205 103 . Hoisting height(m) Hoisting capacity max.
Hoisting Radius min.22 2.23 55 1.85 60 1.5 Speed(m/min) 0.25 4.5~27.48 2.78 39 3.35 2.89 25 5.6 Clogged torque (Nm) 2x7.5-15 10 5 31 4.18 3.98 3.10 2.5/3/1.5 9~110 55 4.61 37 3.1 Speed(m/min) 52/26/8.5 2×30/30/7.09 41 2.80 27 5.60 m ton ton m ton ton m ton ton 56 .8 2.55 1.84 1.65 3.40 17 8.27 19 7.4 3.5 (not including hydraulic pump station motor) Wheel X axle gauge(m) 6x6 Operating temperature -20˚ C~+40˚C Hoisting performance table for QTZ160F(JL6516) tower crane: R a=4 a=2 R a=4 a=2 R a=4 a=2 2.5 2.53 65 1.53 Total power (kW) 91.66 47 2.70 51 2.03 58 1.6 25.30 49 2.04 23 6.61 4.51 43 2. Twin –motor type Hoisting capacity(t) Speed(m/min) a=4 Hoisting capacity(t) Speed(m/min) Power (kW) Fall a=2 2.63 2.5 52.03 45 2.5~55 Drive mode 1 Slewing mechanism (fixed frequency) Drive mode 2 (variable frequency) Trolley travel mechanism Clogged torque (Nm) 2×7.8 Power (kW) 5.15 21 6.68 29 4.54 Climbing mechanism Power (kW) 11 Hydraulic system pressure 30 (Mpa) Counter weight Jib length (m) 47.99 2.5 60 65 Mass (t) 19 20.5 Speed (r/min) 0.5 5 9~55 10 4.66 35 3.63 27.5 Speed (r/min) 0~0.63 1.45 53 2.5 Travelling mechanism Speed(m/min) 23.68 63 1.75 1.52 Power (kW) 2x7.
VARIOUS TYPES OF MECHANICAL MACHINES: There are so many machines which are essentially needed for civil engineering projects. Again Simplex have to hire some machines from other agencies. Some such machines are listed below.MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT MECHANICAL ASPECT OF THE PROJECT: As mechanical mechineries are must needed component of any construction project so Simplex gives a lots of importance on mechanical dept and has developed a good mechanical dept with efficient mechanical personnel for BUUIPL. Here we concern about those machines which are effectively used for high rise building projects. Simplex has some own machines for high rise building projects. lab instruments etc which are essentially needed for completion our job within the given time period according our planning. ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Tower crane Vibrator Passenger hoist / Building hoist Builder hoist Jumbo drain pump Submersible pump Back hoe loader Tipper( Hyva) Diesel generator TOWER CRANE: Tower crane is one of the most useful machine which is very much essential for high rise building construction specially for lifting heavy material in vertical direction as well as in horizontal direction. Typical details of a tower crane which is used in our project: Make : Jianglu Model : QTZ160 (JL6516) Capacity : 10 ton Boom length : 65 m Height of base mast : 4 m 57 .Rajarhat site to maintain whole mechanical mechineries .
which are made of iron . are fixed on the pile cap by the nut extending from the pile cap and then the fixed base section is bolted on the base plate by the embedded anchor bolt.4 m Counter weight : 27530 kg 3800 kg 3800 kg 3800 kg 3800 kg 3800 kg 3500 kg 3130 kg 1900 kg 27530 kg 65 m INSTALLATION OF FIXED BASE SECTION: Capacity plates / base plates. 58 .Height of general mast : 3 m Height of swing mast : 1.
sling the counterweight blocks on the counter-jib using a mobile crane. 59 . then fix and align them using clamp plates and M30 nuts.BASE SECTION INSTALLATION OF THE UNDERCARRIAGE: First assemble the undercarriage and the cross-beam and then sling them on the concrete foundation . Collocate the counterweight blocks according to the jib length. HOISTING AND ASSEMBLING COUNTERWEIGHT BLOCKS: First we calculate the weight of counterweight blocks according to the jib length.
∗ Needle consist of a hollow tube fitted with end cap by threading ∗ A solid shaft is inserted inside the hollow tube ∗ The solid shaft is not completely made up of iron rod but inside the rod oil is filled ∗ Oil is used to reduce the weight as well as work as coolant A hexagonal sap is there to connect the shaft of motor to the shaft of vibratos. Single cylinder pump : 5KVA Double cylinder pump : 10KVA Piston diameter : 50mm 60 . PUMP : If the water pump bode is connected to the fry wheel of the generator then the whole setup works as water pump. On our project site single cylinder and double cylinder 4 stroke pumps are available.AFTER INSTALLATION VIBRATOR: Efficiency Frequency RPM Power • • : : : : 80% 50HZ 2830 2hp There are two types of needle that is used for the vibrator 40mm : used for compaction for casting of beam and slab 60mm : used for compaction for casting of columns.
Rajarhat site for full time of the working period. DIAMETER OF BARS 8 10 12 16 20 25 32 NO. TIPPER BAR CUTTING MACHINE: ∗ ∗ ∗ Bar cutting machine mechanical unit with foot and hand operated. OF BARS TO BE CUT 8 6 4 2 1 1 1 BAR BENDING MACHINE: 61 .JUMBO DRAIN PUMP: Jumbo drain pump is used to pump water (specially muddy water) from the foundation. HYBA (TIPPER): For material transportation simplex has arranged a tipper of 10 cu m capacity for the BUUIPL. Machine cutting capacity 8 mm to 42 mm Bar cutting machine are ideally suitable for large production .
Thus a systematic process has been made so as to make all the works of store easy and handy. fully automatic bending. This system is known as ‘E.4 KW 1 1 STORE The store consists of various materials of various sizes and prices. E.P’ (Enterprise Resource Planning).R.68 KW ( 5 hp) : : 3600 A’ CLASS VACUUME DEWATERING PUMP POWER PHASE VOLTAGE FREQUENCY : : : . 7. EARTH COMPACTOR POWER RPM FULE : 3. manual button and highly safe.R.5 hp 3 Phase 440 volt 50 HZ MAN HOIST On our project site there are two types of man hoist are being used: Potential and Mekaster SPECIFICATIONS Power Speed Capacity POTENTIAL 111 KW 2 (gear1 and gear2) 4 MEKASTER 18. All these items could not be acknowledged by human brain itself. It is perfect equipment bending the small diameter steel and also an important complementary equipment of medium and large steel bar benders.P consists of following systems: ∗ Master ∗ Purchase Order ∗ Inventory • MASTER: Item master view Site asset view Supplier master 62 .This machine has many advantages such as stable performance.
N) Goods issue note (G.I. Important lessons on management of human resources were learnt.Hired plant & machinery master • PURCHASE: Indent (forwarding) Request for quotation Quotation Purchase order (P.O.) Inventory Inspection Inspection number Goods receipt note (G. 63 • • .N) • HIRING PURPOSE: Requisition for hiring requirement Order for hiring equipment Log sheet Billing Indent (cash) Inventory Cash goods receipt note Goods issue note UTILITY OF THE TRAINING PROGRAMME • The application of the theoretical aspects that were taught in the classrooms to the practical problems faced at the construction site. An idea about the actual nature of work in the field was acquired.R.
Procedure of planning the day-to-day as well as the monthly and overall work. The process of preparing daily. 64 . monthly and quarterly reports was observed. I trust with my strongest confidence that what I learned in this training period will benefit me in future. • • I am grateful to SIMPLEX INFRASTRUCTURES LTD for providing me this golden opportunity because now I am returning back with a huge pile of knowledge. The systematic nature of the work in the site was properly studied.• • Familiarization with the field conditions.
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