Nycticeius hum eralis (nick-­‐tee-­‐zee-­‐us    hume-­‐er-­‐al-­‐is

)

EVENING BAT

RANGE: Northern Veracruz (Mexico) to Nebraska, the southern Great Lakes, Pennsylvania, south to Florida and the Gulf coast HABITAT: forest-dwelling species that roosts in tree crevices and behind loose bark, as well as in buildings at elevations from sea level to 1000 ft. SIZE: Weight: 6 - 14 g; Wingspan: 10-11 in. LIFESPAN: The average life span in the wild is about two years, although there are records of some individuals surviving for over five years DIET: feed on beetles, moths, flies, and leafhoppers as well as cucumber beetles (the adult stage in the life of the southern corn rootworm) REPRODUCTION: Mating probably occurs in late summer and early fall, with the sperm being stored in the uterus of the female during the winter. Ovulation and fertilization occur in the spring. Females give birth to 1 to 3 pups (usually twins) during June. Young are born naked and blind. Within 24 hours, their eyes have opened. Development is rapid, and pups are able to fly by the end of three weeks. Females nurse their pups for about six weeks, and locate their offspring by voice and scent. Male offspring disperse at 6 weeks of age, but female offspring remain in their natal colony. BEHAVIOR: Evening bats have never been found roosting in caves. They roost in colonies of around 30 individuals. Summer maternity colonies have been found in buildings and hollow trees; in the winter, bats of this species have been found roosting in palm fronds in Florida. Females and young appear to migrate fairly long distances; one individual was located 323mi. (520 km) from where it had been caught and tagged. Only females migrate northward in the summer; males apparently remain in warm southern locations year-round. CONSERVATION STATUS: Stable
Organization for Bat Conservation www.batconservation.org