PRESSURE DESIGN STRAIGHT PIPE ( RUN PIPE

)

GENERAL tm=t+c Where tm t c minimum required thickness, including mechanical, corrosion, & erosion allowances, mm. pressure design thickness for internal pressure, mm. sum of the mechanical allowances (thread or groove depth) plus corrosion & erosion allowances, mm. 10.86 9.36 1.5

STRAIGHT PIPE THICKNESS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE

1. Where P D S E W Y d

t=(PxD)/2(SxExW+PxY)

9.36

2. t=P(d+2c)/2[SxExW-P(1-Y)]

8.87

Internal Design Gauge Pressure, N/mm2. Outside Diameter of Pipe, mm. Stress Value for Material, N/mm2. Quality Factor For Longitudinal Weld Joints in Pipes. Weld Joint Strength Reduction Factor. Coefficient for Materials. Inside Diameter of Pipe, mm.

4.2 406.4 88.25 1 1 0.7 364.40

REINFORCEMENT OF WELDED BRANCH CONNECTIONS

00 1.4 9. 2. mm.c) + (T h . A2 = (2d2 .c) + T r. A2 + A3 1498.19 11.35 199. effective length removed from pipe at branch.th -c) 2. mm.10 406.33 401. pressure design thickness of branch pipe. Area resulting from excess thickness in the branch pipe wall.25 3.51 -34. mm. 1498. Height of the fillet weld between run pipe & reinforcement ring. 3. "half width" of reinforcement zone.c)]/sin β 199. mm. N/mm2. 42.70 AVAILABLE AREA A2 + A3 + A4 >= A1 Where A2 A3 A4 Dr Sr ha hb Area resulting from excess thickness in the run pipe wall. Area of fillet weld. outside diameter of branch pipe.2(T b . mm. 21 13 199. mm. mm2 1865.14 NO 1. mm. mm2.35 2. Stress value for reinforcement ring material.38 18. smaller angle between axis of branch and run. A1 = thd1(2 .00 NOTES: 1.4 88.00 3.5(T b .43 199. d2 in any case shall not be greater than Dh. minimum thickness of reinforcing pad. Area of reinforcement ring.12 90 219. mm. mm. mm.5(T h . nominal thickness of run or header.40 1.sinβ). outside diameter of run pipe.09 REQUIRED REINFORCEMENT AREA 1. mm2. Some nomenclatures which are not present in the figure have been added for carrying out calculations. .h b Th Tb d1 d2 L4 Tb Th Tr th tb β Db Dh subscript referring to run or header.c) + d1/2 Therefore d2 126.c).85 Additional reinforcement required A1 . header pipe thickness. Height of the fillet weld between branch pipe & reinforcement ring. branch pipe thickness. mm.33 401. mm2.14 406.c)/sinβ 3. mm. d2= greater of d1 or (T b .tb . 2.( A2 + A3 ) <= A4 -34. mm or 2. All values are rounded of upto two decimal places.35 42. height of reinforcement zone outside of run pipe. Height and base of the fillet welds is assumed to be equal. mm Outside diameter of reinforcement ring.d1)(Th .38 18. L4 = lesser of 2. 4.51 1899.19 43. mm. A3 = 2L4(Tb . subscript referring to branch. d1 = [Db . Area of other metal provided by welds & properly attached reinforcement.64 18. mm. nominal thickness of branch. mm2. 3441. 2.35 3. pressure design thickness of run pipe.36 5.

N/mm2. mm. mm. mm.20 219. Weld Joint Strength Reduction Factor. mm. Stress Value for Material. Where P D S E W Y d t=(PxD)/2(SxExW+PxY) 5.4 193.62 5.12 2. Coefficient for Materials. including mechanical. mm. N/mm2.12 1.10 . & erosion allowances. 4.80 Internal Design Gauge Pressure. sum of the mechanical allowances (thread or groove depth) plus corrosion & erosion allowances.25 1 1 0. pressure design thickness for internal pressure. t=P(d+2c)/2[SxExW-P(1-Y)] 4. Inside Diameter of Pipe. Quality Factor For Longitudinal Weld Joints in Pipes.5 STRAIGHT PIPE THICKNESS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE 1. Outside Diameter of Pipe.PRESSURE DESIGN STRAIGHT PIPE ( BRANCH PIPE) GENERAL tm=t+c Where tm t c minimum required thickness.1 88. 6. corrosion.

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