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Sains Bahagian B UPSR - Teknik Menjawab

Sains Bahagian B UPSR - Teknik Menjawab

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BENTUK SOALAN SAINS BAHAGIAN B

Pemerhatian

Inferens

Pemboleh ubah Malar Manipulasi Bergerak balas

BENTUK SOALAN

Rumusan / kesimpulan
Corak / pola perubahan

Tujuan

Hipotesis

Pemboleh Ubah

Nyatakan pemboleh ubah yang terdapat di dalam eksperimen di atas.
a) Dimalarkan : Jus limau Suhu jus limau Isipadu cecair X

b) Dimanipulasikan : c) Bergerak balas :

Pemboleh Ubah

Nyatakan 2 pemboleh ubah yang terdapat di dalam eksperimen di atas.
a) Dimanipulasikan : b) Bergerak balas : Bekas Tempoh masa lipas hidup

Pemboleh Ubah
Bilangan haiwan P

Bulan

Nyatakan 2 maklumat yang dikumpulkan rajah di atas. (a) Bilangan haiwan P (b) Bulan

Corak / pola perubahan
Nyatakan corak perubahan bagi suhu dalam jadual penyiasatan dibawah :

JAWAPAN : Berkurang / menurun

Corak / pola perubahan

Nyatakan corak perubahan bagi isipadu cecair X dalam jadual penyiasatan dibawah : JAWAPAN : bertambah / menaik

Corak / pola perubahan
Bilangan haiwan P

Bulan

Nyatakan pola perubahan bagi bilangan haiwan P dalam graf diatas : JAWAPAN : Menurun dan menaik

Corak / pola perubahan
Berat tangkapan ikan (tan metrik)

Bulan

Nyatakan pola perubahan bagi berat tangkapan ikan dalam graf diatas : JAWAPAN : Menaik, menurun dan mendatar

Corak / pola perubahan
Kuantiti

Hari

Nyatakan pola perubahan kuantiti bakul yang dapat disiapkan oleh Mak Nyah dalam masa satu minggu berdasarkan graf diatas :
JAWAPAN : Menaik, menurun dan menaik

Pemerhatian
Berat tangkapan ikan (tan metrik)

Bulan

Apakah pemerhatian yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan graf di atas ? 1. Jumlah tangkapan ikan paling banyak ialah pada bulan Mac. 2. Pada bulan Ogos hingga bilan Oktober jumlah tangkapannya paling sedikit dan sama untuk ketiga-tiga bulan tersebut.

Pemerhatian

Apakah pemerhatian yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan di atas di atas ? 1. Tempoh masa lipas hidup paling lama adalah lipas dalam bekas R. 2. Tempoh masa lipas hidup paling sekejap adalah lipas dalam bekas T.

Pemerhatian

Apakah pemerhatian yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan di atas? 1. Murid yang dapat menjawab ujian kecerdasan paling singkat (sekejap) ialah Ahmad iaitu selama 20 minit. 2. Murid yang dapat menjawab ujian kecerdasan paling lama ialah Karim iaitu selama 50 minit.

Inferens
Bilangan haiwan P

Bulan

Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan kajian dikaji di atas?
Bilangan haiwan paling rendah adalah pada bulan Mac kerana pada bulan ini haiwan ini banyak diburu.

Inferens
Bilangan haiwan P

Bulan

Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan kajian dikaji di atas? Bilangan haiwan paling tinggi adalah pada bulan September kerana pada bulan ini haiwan ini banyak membiak.

Inferens

Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan di atas?
Haiwan dapat hidup paling sekejap (1 jam) dalam bekas T kerana ruang yang sempit dan kandungan udara yang tidak mencukupi.

Inferens

Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan di atas? Murid yang dapat menjawab ujian kecerdasan paling singkat (sekejap) ialah Ahmad iaitu selama 20 minit kerana tahap kecerdasannya paling tinggi.

Inferens

Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan di atas? Murid yang dapat menjawab ujian kecerdasan paling lama ialah Karim iaitu selama 50 minit kerana tahap kecerdasannya paling rendah.

Inferens
Berat tangkapan ikan (tan metrik)

Bulan

Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan di atas? Jumlah tangkapan ikan paling banyak ialah pada bulan Mac kerana musim ikan membiak.

Inferens
Berat tangkapan ikan (tan metrik)

Bulan

Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan di atas? Pada bulan Ogos hingga bulan Oktober jumlah tangkapannya paling sedikit dan sama untuk ketiga-tiga bulan tersebut kerana pada masa itu adalah musim tengkujuh nelayan tidak dapat turun ke laut.

Tujuan

Berdasarkan maklumat dalam rajah di atas nyatakan apakah tujuan eksperimen dijalankan. Mengkaji hubungan antara suhu jus limau dengan isipadu cecair.

Tujuan
Berat tangkapan ikan (tan metrik)

Bulan

Berdasarkan maklumat dalam rajah di atas nyatakan apakah tujuan eksperimen dijalankan. Mengkaji hubungan antara bulan dengan berat tangkapan ikan.

Tujuan

Berdasarkan maklumat dalam rajah di atas nyatakan apakah tujuan eksperimen dijalankan.
Mengkaji hubungan antara bilangan lipas dengan suhu air.

Tujuan

Berdasarkan maklumat dalam rajah di atas nyatakan apakah tujuan eksperimen dijalankan.

Menyiasat hubungan antara masa dengan suhu air.

Hipotesis

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang terdapat dalam penyiasatan di atas. Jika masa bertambah, maka suhu air berkurang.

atau
Semakin bertambah masa, semakin berkurang suhu air.

Hipotesis

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang terdapat dalam penyiasatan di atas. Jika bilangan lipas bertambah, maka tempoh masa lipas hidup berkurang.

atau
Semakin bertambah bilangan lipas , semakin berkurang tempoh masa lipas hidup .

Hipotesis
Berat tangkapan ikan (tan metrik)

Bulan

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang terdapat dalam penyiasatan di atas. Jika bulan bertambah, maka berat tangkapan ikan berkurang.

Rumusan / kesimpulan

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang terdapat dalam penyiasatan di atas. Apabila masa bertambah, maka suhu air berkurang.

atau
Semakin bertambah masa, semakin berkurang suhu air.

Rumusan / kesimpulan

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang terdapat dalam penyiasatan di atas. Apabila bilangan lipas bertambah, maka tempoh masa lipas hidup berkurang.

atau

Semakin bertambah bilangan lipas , semakin berkurang tempoh masa lipas hidup .

Rumusan / kesimpulan
Berat tangkapan ikan (tan metrik)

Bulan

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang terdapat dalam penyiasatan di atas. Apabila bulan bertambah, maka berat tangkapan ikan berkurang.

TYPE OF QUESTIONS SECTION B SCIENCE B
BAHASA INGGERIS

Observation

Inference

Variable :  Constant  Manipulated  Respond

TYPE OF QUESTIONS

Relationship
Conclusion

Aim

Hypothesis

Pattern / trend

Variable
CONSTANT CV VARIABLE
What to keep the same in the investigation

MANIPULATED MV VARIABLE

What to change in the investigation

RESPOND RV VARIABLE

What to measure in the investigation @ Observation / the result of the investigation

5

Variable
Material P Q R Change in the colour of red litmus paper No change Turns blue No change Change in the colour of blue litmus paper No change No change Turns red

A Year 5 students study the properties of materials P, Q, and R by using litmus paper. The results are as shown in Table 2 above.

a) State one manipulated variable. ……………………………………………………………………….. Material b) State one responding variable.
………………………………………………………………………. The change of the colour of litmus paper.

b) State one constant variable. Litmus paper. ………………………………………………………...

Variable
Initial Temperature (C) Beaker Temperature after the melting of ice (C)

30
30

P
Q

15
25

Two ice cubes of different sizes are put into two beakers P and Q as shown in Diagram 1. The temperature of water in beaker P and Q is recorded in Table 1 below.

a) State two information gathered in this investigation.

i ……………………………………………………………………… ) Two ice cubes of different sizes (Mv) ii) Temperature after the melting of ice (Rv)
b) State two constant variable. ………………………………………………………………………

i ……………………………………………………………………… ) Initial Temperature ii……………………………………………………………………… ) 100ml of water.

Variable
Fendi investigates the change of state of liquid X. The result of this investigation is shown in the flow chart below. Liquid X Boil Temperature 100 0C Result Gas Freeze Temperature 0 0C Result Solid

a) State one manipulated variable. …………………………………………………………………… Temperature

b) State one responding variable.
……………………………………………………………………. Result

c) State one constant variable.
…………………………………………………………………..… Liquid X

Variable
A group of pupils carried out an investigation to study the relationship between the size of a shadow with the distance between an object and the light source. Distance A Distance B

The table below shows the results of the investigation Distance A 40 cm 30 cm 20 cm Distance B 15 cm 15 cm 15 cm The height of a shadow 20 cm 30 cm 40 cm

a) State one information gathered in this investigation.
…………………………………………………................................................. @ i ) Distance A (Mv) i ) The height of a

shadow (Rv)

b) State constant variable.

i ) Distance B …………………………………………………………………………………....

Variable
The graph below shows the changes in the number of grasshopper in a habitat after a group of birds arrive. The number of grasshopper

Weeks
a) State two information gathered in this investigation.

i …………………………………………………............. ) Weeks (Mv) i………………………………………………………...… ) The number of grasshopper (Rv)
b) State constant variable.

i ………………………………………………………………….. ) Grasshopper.

Inference
Observation (RV) + reason for MV
The way to answer : RV because + reason for MV

1

2

3

4

5

Inference
Fendi investigates the change of state of liquid X. The result of this investigation is shown in the flow chart below. Liquid X Boil Temperature 100 0C Result Gas Freeze Temperature 0 0C Result Solid

Using the result of this investigation, state one inference about liquid X. Liquid X is water.

Inference
A group of pupils arrange the models as shown in the diagram below to investigate the stability of the structures. models of polystyrene

cardboard

When the cardboard is inclined slowly, the pupils have recorded their observation as follows: i ) Model Z toppled over first followed by model Y. Ii ) Model Y toppled over first followed by model X.

State one inference to explain the observation above.
Model Z toppled over first followed by model Y and X because it is most unstable. Model x toppled over last because it is most stable.

Inference
The table below shows the observations by a pupil about the shadow of an object. Time 7.00 a.m. 10.00 a.m. 12.00 noon 3.00 p.m. 7.00 p.m. The length of the shadow 160 cm 80 cm 0 cm 80 cm 160 cm

RV

State one inference that might explain why the length of the shadow is 0cm. The length of the shadow 0cm because on 12.00 noon the Sun is on top of the head.

Inference

RV

State one inference that might explain the volume of water left in beaker Y. Beaker Y has the smallest volume of water left in it, because it has the biggest area espoused to the sun.

Inference

State one inference that might explain the observation above.

Because iron rod for thumbtack X absorb heat faster than iron rod for thumbtack Y.

Observation
For observation we need to look at the compariton of RV of the investigation / experiment and related it with MV or the pattern of RV .
 the highest (graph) / biggest number (table) and the lowest (graph) / smallest number (table) from the investigation.  For graph  The RV is (increase / decrease)

Observation
The table below shows the observations by a pupil about the shadow of an object.

RV

Time
7.00 a.m. 10.00 a.m. 12.00 noon 3.00 p.m.

The length of the shadow
160 cm 80 cm 0 cm 80 cm

7.00 p.m.

160 cm

Using the information above, white a observation for this investigation.

There is no shadow on 12.00 noon, while the longest shadow are on 7.00 am and 7.00 pm.

Observation
The diagram below shows the phases of Moon from the first to fifteenth based on lunar calendar. RV

1st day

3rd day

7th day

10th day

15th day

State one observation that can be made based on diagram above. Shape of the moon increase day by day.

@
The 1st day is new moon and the 15th day is full moon.

Observation
The graph below shows the changes in the number of grasshopper in a habitat after a group of birds arrive.

The number of grasshopper
RV

Weeks Write one observation that can be made based on the graph above.

The biggest number of grasshopper is on 1st week and The smallest number of grasshopper is on 4th week.
The number of grasshopper is decrease from 1st week to 4th week.

Observation

RV MV

What can be observed about the distances by four toy car in 20 seconds based on the bar char above ? The farthest distances travelled by four toy cars in 20 seconds is toy car R followed by toy car P, S and Q. The nearest distances travelled by four toy cars in 20 seconds is toy car Q followed by toy car S, P and R.

Observation

MV
RV

What is your observation based on the condition of the plants after five days in the investigation above ? Only plant S still alive after five days.

Pattern / Trend
GRAPH INCREASE TABLE
10 14 17 25 30

DECREASE

89 78 64 25

4

UNCHANGE

28 28 28 28 28

Pattern / Trend
The table below shows the results of an investigation carried out by a group of pupils. Investigation Time (minute) Temperature (C) 0 28 Water on heating 1 35 2 41 3 49 4 65 5 76 6 70 Water on cooling 7 66 8 55 9 47 10 42

Using the result, what is the trend of the water temperature from 0 till 10 minute ?

Increase and decrease.

Pattern / Trend
The table below shows the observations by a pupil about the shadow of an object.

Time
7.00 a.m. 10.00 a.m. 12.00 noon 3.00 p.m.

The length of the shadow
160 cm 80 cm 0 cm 80 cm

7.00 p.m.

160 cm

Based on the table above, state the trend of the length of the shadow?

Decrease and Increase.

Pattern / Trend
The diagram below shows the phases of Moon from the first to fifteenth based on lunar calendar.

1st day

3rd day

7th day

10th day

15th day

State the trend in the change of the phase of Moon in the diagram above ?

Increase.

Pattern / Trend
A group of students gathered information about the extinction of animals species in a particular forest. The bar chart below shows the information obtained by the pupils.
Number of extinct animal species

Year

What is the trend in the number of extinct animals species ?

Increase.

Pattern / Trend

What is the trend in the temperature of the planets ?

Decrease.

Aim / purpose
Shape of question :
What is the aim of the investigation ?

State the aim of the investigation ?
What is the purpose of the investigation ?

The way to answer :

To investigate the relationship between the (MV) and the (RV)

Aim / purpose
The diagram below shows an investigation to study the formation of shadows.

west

east

RV
2.00 p.m. 4.00 p.m. 6.00 p.m.

MV

What is the aim of the investigation ?

To investigate the relationship between the time and the shape of the shadow.

Aim / purpose
A group of pupils built three models of structure as shown in the diagram below.

MV
J K L

J

K
3 8 6

L

RV

Model

The number of books that can be supported

State the aim of the investigation ? To investigate the relationship between the height of the model and the number of the books that can be supported.

Aim / purpose
A group of pupils carried out an investigation to study the relationship between the size of a shadow with the distance between an object and the light source. Distance A Distance B

The table below shows the results of the investigation

RV
The height of a shadow 20 cm 30 cm 40 cm

MV Distance A
40 cm 30 cm 20 cm

Distance B 15 cm 15 cm 15 cm

What is the purpose of the investigation ? To investigate the relationship between the distance A and the height of a shadow.

Aim / purpose
The table below shows the results of an investigation carried out by a group of pupils. MV Investigation Water on heating Water on cooling

Time (minute) Temperature (C)

0 28

1 35

2 41

3 49

4 65

5 76

6 70

7 66

8 55

9 47

10 42

RV

What is the aim of the investigation ? To investigate the relationship between the time and the temperature of the water.

Aim / purpose
The graph below shows the changes in the number of grasshopper in a habitat after a group of birds arrive. The number of grasshopper RV

Weeks

MV

What is the purpose of the investigation ? To investigate the relationship between the weeks and the number of grasshopper.

Hypothesis

The relationship between MV and RV.
The way to answer :
If the (MV) + TREND, then the (RV) + TREND .
The (more / less) + (MV), the (more / less) + (RV). The TREND + (MV) , the TREND + (RV)
When the (MV) + TREND, then the (RV) (will be / also) TREND. @

Hypothesis
The food needed by an animal per day is affected by its surrounding temperature and its activity level.
Write one hypothesis based on the above statement.

When the surrounding temperature and activity level of the animal increased, then the number of food needed by an animal also increased. @ If the surrounding temperature, and the activity level of the animal increased, then the number of foods needed by the animal will be increased.

Hypothesis
A group of pupils arrange the models as shown in the diagram below to investigate the stability of the structures. models of polystyrene

cardboard

When the cardboard is inclined slowly, the pupils have recorded their observation as follows: i ) Model Z toppled over first followed by model Y. Ii ) Model Y toppled over first followed by model X.

State one hypothesis that can be made in the investigation. The highest model will toppled over first.

@

The shortest model will toppled over last.

The most stable structure will toppled over last.

Hypothesis
RV
Initial Temperature (C) Beaker Temperature after the melting of ice (C)

30 MV 30

P Q

15 25

Two ice cubes of different sizes are put into two beakers P and Q as shown in Diagram 1. The temperature of water in beaker P and Q is recorded in Table 1 below.

State one hypothesis that can be made in the investigation.

If the ice cubes is smallest then the temperature after it’s melt 15 0C.
@

If the ice cubes is biggest then the temperature after it’s melt 25 0C.

Hypothesis
The table below shows the results of an investigation carried out by a group of pupils. Investigation Water on heating Water on cooling

MV RV

Time (minute) Temperature (C)

0 28

1 35

2 41

3 49

4 65

5 76

6 70

7 66

8 55

9 47

10 42

Suggest one hypothesis for the water on heating based on the trend state in the table. The longer the time the temperature of the water on heating will rise.

@
If the time increase, then the temperature of the water on heating also increase.

Hypothesis
The table below shows the results of an investigation carried out by a group of pupils. Investigation Water on heating Water on cooling

MV RV

Time (minute) Temperature (C)

0 28

1 35

2 41

3 49

4 65

5 76

6 70

7 66

8 55

9 47

10 42

Suggest one hypothesis for the water on cooling based on the trend state in the table.

The longer the time the temperature of the water on cooling will decrease. @ If the time increase, then the temperature of the water on cooling also decrease.

Relationship
The relationship between MV and RV.
The way to answer :
If the (MV) + TREND, then the (RV) + TREND .

When the (MV) + TREND, then (RV) + TREND .
The TREND + (MV) , the TREND + (RV) The (more / less) + (MV), the (more / less) + (RV).
@

Relationship
A group of pupils carried out an investigation to study the relationship between the size of a shadow with the distance between an object and the light source.

Distance A

Distance B

The table below shows the results of the investigation.

RV
20 cm
30 cm 40 cm

MV Distance A
40 cm
30 cm 20 cm

Distance B

The height of a shadow

15 cm
15 cm 15 cm

State a relationship between the manipulated variable and the height of a shadow.
When the distance A decrease, then the height of a shadow increase.

Relationship
The graph below shows the changes in the number of grasshopper in a habitat after a group of birds arrive.

The number of grasshopper RV

Weeks MV

State a relationship between the manipulated variable and the number of the grasshopper.
When the week increase, then the number of the grasshopper decrease.

Relationship
A group of pupils built three models of structure as shown in the diagram below.

MV
J K L

J
Model

K
3 8 6

L

RV

The number of books that can be supported

State one relationship can be made from the investigation.
The highest model , the smallest number of books that can be supported.

@

The shortest model , the biggest number of books that can be supported..

Relationship
RV MV

What is the relationship between the rat and the number of paddy ?

The more the rat, the less the number of paddy.

Relationship

MV RV

Based on the investigation, what is the relationship between the object and the distance of object from the surface of the water ? If the object heaviest, then the distance of object of the water is farthest. If the object lightest, then the distance of object of the water is shortest.

Conclusion The relationship between MV and RV. The right hypothesis
The way to answer :
The (MV) + PATTERN, the (RV) + PATTERN .

The (more / less) + (MV), the (more / less) + (RV).
When the (MV) + TREND, then the (RV) (will be / also) TREND. Simple sentence about the best result using (RV) + (MV)

Conclusion
The diagram below shows the phases of Moon from the first to fifteenth based on lunar calendar.

1st day

3rd day

7th day

10th day

15th day

What conclusion can be made from the investigation?

1st day is new moon and 15th day is full moon.

Conclusion

What can you conclude from the experiment? When the chick did not get food then it will die. The chick need air, water and food to stay alive. @

Conclusion

MV RV

Write a conclusion based on the graph above. The biggest number of mathematics questions can solve by Saiman. The smallest number of mathematics questions can solve by Radha.

Conclusion

MV RV

What is your conclusion based on the experiment? When the number of marbles increase, then the volume of water also increase.

Conclusion

RV

MV

What can be concluded through this investigation ? The farthest distances travelled by four toy cars in 20 seconds is toy car R. The nearest distances travelled by four toy cars in 20 seconds is toy car Q.

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