You are on page 1of 45

STRUCTURAL • ELASTOMERS • WEAR • COLOR CONDUCTIVE • FLAME RETARDANT •FILM/SHEET

Wear Resistant Thermoplastic Compounds
Dr. Joel Bell Product Development Engineer RTP Company

Agenda
YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS

• • • • •

RTP Company Introduction Definitions & Test Methods Morphology Additive Technologies Application examples

GLOBALIZATION STRATEGY
YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS

Asia
• Scalability: Develop your solution on a small scale and produce your solution at larger quantities • Plant-to-plant consistency • Identical machinery, processing, QA testing

United States

France

• ISO 9001:2008 Registered Facilities • Worldwide technical support • Local customer service: real people, real time

PRODUCT FAMILIES
YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS

STRUCTURAL

WEAR RESISTANT

CONDUCTIVE

ELASTOMERS

FLAME RETARDANT

COLOR

FILM/SHEET

Compounds formulated to meet your needs

STRUCTURAL • ELASTOMERS • WEAR • COLOR CONDUCTIVE • FLAME RETARDANT •FILM/SHEET Definitions .

. lubrication.Tribology Definition YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS The Science of the mechanisms of friction. and wear of interacting surfaces that are in relative motion.

Mechanisms of Wear YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Adhesive Wear The primary mechanism for thermoplastic wear. Characterized by transfer of material from one part to the other caused by frictional heat. .

Mechanisms of Wear YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Abrasive wear Caused by a hard material scraping or abrading away at a softer material. Characterized by grooves cut or gouged into the surface.  Three Body .

Coefficient of Friction (µ) YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Friction is the natural resistance to the sliding motion of one surface over another  Static Coefficient of Friction (µs) = Fx/Fy Fx = Force to initiate motion Fy = Normal force holding surfaces together  Dynamic Coefficient of Friction (µk) = Fx/Fy Fx = Force to sustain motion Fy = Normal force holding surfaces together .

Slip/Stick YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Thermoplastics Are Unique  Static friction is typically less than dynamic friction • Can Lead To Slip/Stick  Too large of difference leads to squeaking .

ASTM D1894 Friction Test YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS • Sled Test – Coefficient of Friction Testing – Does not determine wear resistance • Can Show Slip/Stick .

velocity and temperature are all adjustable The best use of this test is to perform comparative screening of multiple candidate materials .ASTM D3702 Wear Test YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Standard conditions • Steel Thrust Washer • 40 psi: 50 ft/min (2000 PV) • Ambient Temp • 100 hour test Counter-surface (thrust washer) material. pressure.

ASTM D3702 Wear Tester YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS .

35in2. KP = Wear Factor: (in5·min/ft-lb-hr)∙10E-10 (Some companies report wear factors this way) .Calculating Wear Factor (K) YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Wear Factor (K) K = W/(F x V x T) K = Wear Factor: (in3-min/ft-lb-hr)∙10E-10 or (mm3/N-m)∙10E-8 F = Force: lb or N V = velocity: ft/min or m/sec T = Elapsed Time: hr or sec W = volume wear: in3 or mm3 Wear factor per unit pressure can be calculated by multiplying the standard wear factor value by 0.

STRUCTURAL • ELASTOMERS • WEAR • COLOR CONDUCTIVE • FLAME RETARDANT •FILM/SHEET Additive Technologies .

Morphology Characteristics YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Amorphous Semi-Crystalline Low Shrinkage Low Warpage Tight Tolerances Transparency Mold Flow Ease Chemical Resistance Response to Reinforcement Wear Resistance X X X X X X X X .

Traditional Technologies YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS 1. PTFE – Polytetrafluoroethylene (10-20%) • • • Workhorse additive – solid white powder Homogeneously distributed throughout the polymer matrix Forms a lubricious layer at polymer surface – Requires a “Break-in” period Compatible with nearly all thermoplastic resins • Drawbacks • Fluorine content • Die plate-out • Relatively high loadings .

PTFE Mechanism YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS .

(Structural. . wear.Application YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Automotive Seat Adjustment Lever  Needs good strength. precolor)  Glass fiber reinforced PTFE lubricated and precolored PPA. stiffness and wear resistance.

Traditional Technologies YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS 2. Silicone – Polydimethylsiloxane (1-3%) • Boundary lubricant which migrates to the surface over time Migration rate is viscosity dependent Excellent friction reducer Best in high speed/low load applications Used with PTFE to eliminate “Break-in” period • • • • Drawbacks • Limited use in decorated parts • Poor adhesion of paint or print inks • Bad for electrical applications • Can foul contacts .

PTFE Break-In Period with Silicone YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS .

low friction.Industrial Application YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Food Handling conveyor rollers  Antimicrobial. Wear)  PTFE and silicone lubricated POM with antimicrobial additive . (Antimicrobial.

Wear of POM. PA 6/6 and PC YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Wear Factor (K) POM PA 6/6 PC 8000 7000 6000 5000 7500 K 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 1500 675 150 60 200 40 102 175 PC PA 6/6 POM Neat Resin 2% SI 20% PTFE Additive(s) Values per ASTM D3702 test method vs C1018 Steel • Wear Factor Units: (in3min/ft/lb/hr)E-10 .

Traditional Technologies YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS 3. Molybdenum Disulfide – MoS2 (1-5%) • • Nucleating agent in nylons: creates harder surface High affinity to metal: smoother mating metal surface = lower wear Drawbacks • Limited use • Dark color limits colorability • Sloughing type additives . Graphite Powder (5-15%) • • • Aqueous environments Excellent temperature resistance Black (Charcoal Gray) color 4.

potable water contact .Application YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Water Meter Valve  Dimensional stability.NSF listed. (Structural. Wear)  Graphite lubricated SAN & PS .

Glass Fiber (5-50%) • • Improved bearing capabilities and wear resistance Low cost Drawbacks • Extremely abrasive to mating surface .Fiber Reinforcements YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS 1.

Carbon Fiber (5-50%) • • • Greatly improved bearing capabilities Electrically and thermally conductive Less abrasive than glass Drawbacks • • High cost Black color .Fiber Reinforcements YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS 2.

Prevalent in hi temp resin systems PPS. PEEK and PPA versions available from RTP Available from some resin producers . 10/10/10 – Carbon fiber/Graphite Powder/PTFE • • • • Typical additive package for high load bearing applications.Technology Combinations YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS 1.

chemical and wear resistance  Carbon fiber reinforced and PTFE/Graphite lubricated PEEK .Application YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  AC Compressor Scroll Seal  High temperature.

Aramid Fiber (5-20%) • • Very gentle to mating material Improves wear and friction Drawbacks • • • Difficult to process Minimal physical property enhancement High cost .Fiber Reinforcements YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS 3.

Metal YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS .Fibers vs.

Plastic performance (Great for business machines) Completely halogen free Physical properties maintained No die plate-out Specific gravity benefits (more parts per lb or kg) Drawbacks • • • Limited thermal resistance Higher cost Not FDA .APWA YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS APWA – All Polymeric Wear Additive (5-15%) • • • • • • Alloys with host polymer Excellent Plastic vs.

• PV = 1000 ft·lb/in2min • Wear Factor Units: (in3min/ft/lb/hr)E-10 .APWA Plastic vs. PTFE POM PBT PA 6/6 PC 160 140 120 100 145 121 98 90 31 47 24 29 K 80 60 40 20 0 PC PBT PA 6/6 10% PTFE APWA POM Additive(s) Values per ASTM D3702 test method. Plastic wear YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Wear Factor (K): APWA vs.

Structural. ESD.Business Machine Apps YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Thermal Printer Frame  High Impact. Wear)  Impact modified. conductive PC with APWA for improved wear resistance . (Conductive. wear resistance.

PFPE YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS PFPE – Perfluoropolyether Oil (< 1%) • • • • • • • Thermally Stable up to PEEK processing temps Differentiates RTP Company from others Physical properties maintained Minimized die plate-out (improved production efficiencies) Synergy with PTFE Specific gravity benefits Improved fatigue resistance Drawbacks • • Limited effectiveness in amorphous resins Needs PTFE “kick” to deliver optimum friction reduction .

Wear with Various Modifiers YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Wear Factor (K) against Steel Wear Factor (K) POM PA 6/6 PC 190 222 44 10 14 19 100 100 495 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 K PC PA 6/6 POM PTFE/SI PTFE/PFPE (<10%) APWA Additive(s) Values per ASTM D3702 test method vs. C1018 Steel •PV = 2000 ft·lb/in2min •Wear Factor Units: (in3min/ft/lb/hr)E-10 .

Industrial Application YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Agricultural Pump  Chemical and Wear Resistance (Structural. Wear)  PFPE lubricated PP .

Questions YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS • Thank you for your attention. • Any questions? .

10 0.00 0.50 µk 0.35 PC PA 6/6 POM Neat Resin 2% SI 20% PTFE Additive(s) Values per ASTM D3702 test method vs C1018 Steel . PA 6/6 and PC YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Dyanamic Coefficient of Friction 0.65 0.45 0.70 0.50 0.30 0.Friction of POM.55 0.45 0.25 0.50 POM PA 6/6 PC 0.40 0.60 0.60 0.20 0.

APWA Plastic vs. Steel wear YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS Wear Factor (K): APWA vs. • PV = 2000 ft·lb/in2min • Wear Factor Units: (in3min/ft/lb/hr)E-10 . PTFE 326 350 300 250 POM PBT PA 6/6 PC 341 K 200 150 100 50 0 100 114 41 47 10% PTFE 19 100 PC PBT PA 6/6 APWA POM Additive(s) Values per ASTM D3702 test method vs. C1018 Steel.

PTFE lubricated PP .Industrial Application YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Fluid Handling Pump  Chemical resistance. Wear)  Glass fiber reinforced. (Structural. high strength & stiffness.

high strength/stiffness. PTFE lubricated PEI . Wear)  Carbon fiber reinforced. (Conductive. low friction/wear. Structural.Business Machine Application YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Digital Printer Cartridge Holder  ESD.

PTFE lubricated TPI . (High Temperature.Business Machine Application YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS  Copier Bushings  Extremely high temperature resistance (~260°C). Wear)  Aramid fiber reinforced. wear resistance.

000 400.19 8500 350.000 10.000 1.26 9500 400.5 PC PTFE (20%) 1.000 7.000 1.000 400.40 7800 350.5 Specific Gravity Tensile Strength (psi) Flexural Modulus (psi) Notched Impact (ft-lb/in) 1.0 Silicone (2%) 1. .000 1.5 Silicone (2%) 1.19 8500 340.0 Unfilled 1.0 PA 6/6 PTFE (20%) 1.000 1.000 3.5 Unfilled 1.Physical Property Comparison YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS POM Unfilled PTFE (20%) 1.0 Silicone (2%) 1.000 1.41 8700 350.52 6500 300.000 1.5 Testing per ASTM test methods.14 12.13 11.31 7000 320.

17 10500 400.Physical Property Comparison YOUR GLOBAL COMPOUNDER OF CUSTOM ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS POM PTFE/SI PTFE /PFPE 1.5 1.000 10.5 APWA Specific Gravity Tensile Strength (psi) Flexural Modulus (psi) Notched Impact (ft-lb/in) 1.000 1.25 8000 330.39 8000 300.2 Testing per ASTM test methods.000 1.000 1.5 APWA PTFE/SI PC PTFE/ PFPE 1.000 1.2 1.12 10000 400.000 7.19 10500 400.5 APWA 1.000 1.2 PA 6/6 PTFE/ PFPE 1.24 7500 300.1 1.000 3.2 PTFE/SI 1.16 8000 350.000 1.41 8000 340. .44 6500 300.