imploring the aid of Almighty God in order to build a just humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations. (Coloma. M. and peace.M. He observes punctuality.MODULE 1: ROLE OF THE YOUTH IN NATION-BUILDING Viva Tomasino!!! Welcome to the University of Santo Tomas National Service Training Program (NSTP) Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS) and Literacy Training Service (LTS) courses! I sincerely hope that as you accomplish your chosen course and the modules. and good moral conduct. and Herrera. promptness.M. equality.) How can you become a Good Citizen? You can become a good citizen by living in accordance with the good citizenship values derived from the Preamble of the 1987 Constitution: “We the sovereign Filipino people. courtesy and consideration for parents and elders and for others. LESSON 1: GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUES At the end of this lesson. you are expected to: 1. and to kick things up. are you taking up this course. T. read through the following lessons so you will find out why indeed. promote the common good. do ordain and promulgate this constitution. sustain and promote different Filipino Values that help in nation building 2.” . let us learn and understand the true meaning of the values that has shaped us and our nation to what we are now. love. practice good citizenship values at all times. What is a good Filipino Citizen? A good Filipino citizen is one who plays an active and intelligent role as a member of the community. He possesses the traits of respectfulness. you will be able to share your ideas. justice. conserve and develop our patrimony. and secure to ourselves and our posterity. freedom. in all places If you are ready. experiences and help build a community of socially responsible students. There is a lot in store for you this semester. He is one who fulfills his duties and obligations to the government and society. Let’s now go to Lesson 1. the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth.

goodcitizenshipmovement. Peace D. Faith in the Almighty God (imploring the aid of Almighty God) Freedom (independence and democracy) C. . Unity B. Patriotism (conserve and develop our patrimony) E. Order D.The Filipino values presented in the Preamble have been simplified and categorized into the following: I. These sixteen values will help shape and guide our Nation towards a better tomorrow. Love B. Truth E. Respect for Law and Government (rule of law) D. Justice Pagkamaka-Bayan A. check out this link: http://www. proving to us that we are a nation built in values. Common Good Pagkamaka-Kalikasan. To look back on that story. Equality C. Respect for Life C. III. Work E.php?option=com_content&view=section &layout=blog&id=6&Itemid=3) Let us now explore the values that are inherently given to us and face the challenge of living a life in accordance with it. Concern for the Environment II. Pagkamaka-Diyos A. IV. Concern for the Family and Future Generations Pagkamaka-Tao A. It has been best exemplified in the event of EDSA 1.

the child drowned and died. The widow wept. Her son fell off the bridge and plunged into the deep water below. You are created from His image and likeness. This story teaches us that Faith alone. you should uphold and recognize others’ dignity as persons and grow to appreciate their worth by keeping an . however. “my faith alone can save the child. It is ironic.” she told the men. the widow knelt on the bridge and prayed with great faith. How then can it be that you ask for God’s help and guidance then go against His wishes? Let us read this story by Bro. kung ako man ay may sanlibong buhay. You have to remember that as Thomasians and future leaders of this country. “Do not move. MMHC Faith Alone A devout widow who was known to be a living saint was crossing a bridge with her child when an accident happened. In a short while. You should look at Him as your ultimate source.I. Andrew Maria. is useless. many acts violating the laws of God are committed each day.” -San Lorenzo Ruiz This is the basic value of the good Filipino citizen. you are asked to put God in the center of your lives and communicate with Him by means of prayers. In turn. to enable you to meet your needs and to get you out of trouble and crisis. you become fully aware of the things you can accomplish when you live a life of faith. At this. you have to put your faith into action. live a life that that is based on good values. The Good Citizenship Value of Respect for Life Your life and humanity is a gift from God. lahat ng iyon ay iaalay ko sa Kanya. B. PAGKAMAKA-DIYOS A. and serve as an inspiration to others who struggle with their own faith in Almighty God. However. This makes you a person of worth and dignity. With this experience. one with infinite powers. to help you in your work. The Good Citizenship Value of Faith in the Almighty God “Isa akong Katoliko at buong pusong tinatanggap ang kamatayan para sa Panginoon. that in a country where citizens are innately “maka-diyos”. the widow forbade them.” After she had said this. without work. As a Christian. some men got ready to jump into the water to save the child.

   Thoughts to ponder on: Do I recognize the benefits of living an orderly life? Have I sorted out my priorities in life? Do I do my best to live a life of order each day?   . Thoughts to ponder on:  As a student. it will trigger situations of panic. Life is precious. havoc and anarchy. successful and productive life. unrest. which is considered as God’s temple?  Do I treat other people well and give them the worth and dignity due to them as human beings? C. You should also be responsible for upholding the rights of others. you should be responsible for it because any form of violence against it defies the sanctity of life. The Good Citizenship Value of Order The value of Order is doing “first things mind and charitable attitude so you may be able to appreciate others’ giftedness and special roles. it is sacred and by all means. You shall not be an advocate of violence or any means that may harm the life and dignity of others. emotion and action. It is your duty to respect.” It is simply doing the right thing at the right time and the right place without hesitation. You should learn to strive hard in arranging your lives in a certain way that will allow you to be more productive. You should understand that the value of Order is important in your quest to improve yourselves as citizens. Order entails the discipline of mind. Otherwise. Your body is God’s temple. nurture and preserve the human life from the moment of its conception. confusion. do I have habits and vices that may lead to the destruction of my body. Natural human rights protect you from anything that endangers your life and well being. We need these so that we can live a peaceful. protect.

integrity.ilaw siya ng tahanan Bigyang galang ang ama. Thoughts to ponder on:  Am I a committed student who gives my best in school and in other endeavors?  Do I use my God-given talents wisely? C. Be vigilant and possess the resolve to always value your family as your most precious gift next to your life. and honesty to achieve excellent results. It is also important that you have the right values and attitude towards your work and dealings. what counts in the end is not the volume of work but the amount of love you put into your work. Hard work. You draw inspiration and strength from your Family and in return you are expected to do your responsibilities as a member of the family to keep it intact and strong against the forces that tend to destroy its values and sense of unity. understanding and mutual respect for all members of your family. quality work and honest work are what makes a citizen a good. Be strengthened by love. The Good Citizenship Value of Concern for the Family and Future Generations Respetuhin natin ang ating ina .Francis Magalona “Mga Kababayan ko” This value emphasizes that your family is a gift from God and that utmost attention must be focused on the family as sanctuary of life and a core unit of society. God has given you talents to use as investments in your work and in return you are expected to settle for nothing less than excellent results. teach him how to fish and he shall have food to eat throughout his lifetime” -Chinese proverb Work is a gift and it has become part of your nature and destiny. . At ang payo ang susudan At sa magkakapatid. The Good Citizenship Value of Work “Give fish to a man and he will have food for a day. You should always remember that no matter how much work you do.Kailang ay magmahalan Dapat lng ay pag usapan ang hindi nauuwaan -. productive and self-reliant member of the society. Learn to work with love.D. A family is worth more than any worldly gain.

respect. Love entails sacrifice. but in having the right to do what we ought” -Pope John Paul II . It is by love that you care. The Good Citizenship Value of FREEDOM “Freedom consists not in doing what we like. forgive and trust.Thoughts to ponder on: o What are the most pressing issues that my family faces today? o Have I developed a strong personal conviction and resolve to value the well being and unity of my family in the midst of the growing threats against it? II. the middle and the end of our history as a nation. citizen. This is what the Almighty God wants you to learn: learn to love.Bob Ong Love means so much to us simply because love is the answer to our many questions during these trying times. accept.Extension ng puso ang tenga.. and person? How can I demonstrate the value of love to my family. Love is the key to our national progress. PAGKAMAKA-TAO A. marunong kang magmahal." -. responsibility and service. The Good Citizenship Value of LOVE "Ang tenga kapag pinagdikit korteng puso. Love binds us together as a nation. Thoughts to ponder on: o Am I a loving student.. But why is it that our nation has never moved forward if we all have LOVE within us? Maybe not all of us ever learned how to live in love which holds us back to love others. friends and community? o How can I be a more loving person to others? o What benefits can I possibly reap from being a loving person? B.. kaya kapag marunong kang makinig. Let it love be in the beginning.

You value Freedom by giving due recognition and respect to your individuality as persons with human rights and duties. You should be a person of peace. You should practice freedom with a clear understanding of its limits. abhor all means of violence and arrange your affairs in order. with a sense of discipline and chastity which will lead you to love your fellowmen. hardship and sacrifices of our ancestors.St. Freedom is never without the virtue of responsibility. a builder of harmony among your fellowmen. The freedom our nation is enjoying now is a fruit of love. concern for your fellowmen. Thoughts to ponder on: o What can I do to have peace so I can shun violence? D. God gave our lives. Augustine You value Peace by doing well for others and for your country. . Peace is a God-given gift that you must nurture by prayer. The Good Citizenship Value of PEACE “Peace means serenity of mind. You should strive hard to foster the value of peace in your personal endeavors. and with that comes the freedom to choose what you want to make with it. simplicity of heart and tranquility of soul” . understand their plight. EDSA I and II are examples of events in our history as a nation that showed how we protected our freedom from tyrant leaders and anarchy. Thoughts to ponder on: o As a student. Freedom is the power to act or not to act. in what ways can I demonstrate my commitment to freedom? C. living and working together in harmony and avoiding violence as a way of settling disputes. loyalty to your country and respect for your environment. This can be attained and sustained when you develop a deep consciousness of your faith in God. and do what is good and right while avoiding what is wrong and evil. Peace begins with you.

D. correct use of power. Justice is important in our life because it ensures us that our society fosters an atmosphere that respects human dignity. “There is no truth and no good in lies” Thoughts to ponder on:  Am I a truthful person? Do I recognize the importance of the value of truth in my life. Truth is important in our society because it is a condition for freedom. corruption and other evils. development and happiness. integrity. and one that allows every person an equal opportunity to pursue posterity. . The Good Citizenship Value of JUSTICE You value Justice by means of promoting ethical practices that enhance the essence of social justice. let truth strengthen your character by honesty and responsibility. work and country?  Am I ready to commit myself to the truth in my own dealings and its defense as a virtue of righteousness? E. fair and legal labor practices. security. You are a person of integrity. The truth also demands sacrifices and efforts but it is a worthy cause that highlights your own capacity as a person to do well and live with integrity. family. honesty. Honesty should be applied in all your roles in life because the truth will set you free and it should always prevail. It entails transparency. sincerity. It also means the promotion of a healthy and humane working condition. The Good Citizenship Value of TRUTH The value of truth is living and loving passionately with honesty and sincerity. courage and humility. Let me share with you a story that will simply show you that Justice is giving every man his due. moving purposefully away from graft.

have I done my share in giving my fellow men their basic share of justice by at least treating them with dignity and being mindful of their rights as much as I value my own? III. and he accused the farmer of having cheated him.To Every Man His Due Institute for Development Education Center for Research and Communication There was once a poor farmer who would come to town everyday in order to supply a baker with homemade bibingka. I am sure of giving you an equal amount of bibingka. reflect on this question: o As a citizen. the baker would give the farmer five pounds of bread for his family. This made the baker very angry. The Good Citizenship Value of UNITY “If a kingdom is divided against itself. He discovered that the bibingka was one pound short. that house will not be able to stand” -Mark 3:24-25 When you say UNITY is a good citizenship value. In this way. But the farmer very calmly declared. I am poor and I have no weights at home. that kingdom cannot stand. “You see sir. PAGKAMAKA-BAYAN A. you mean that all of us Filipino citizens are expected to be one as a people.  want and are willing to work for what is the best for your countrymen. and if a house is divided against itself. It also means that YOU:  want your country to be united always. One day.  are willing to lend a helping hand to others. So I take the five pounds of bread you give me and use it as a standard. In exchange for five pounds of bibingka. the baker decided to weigh the bibingka.” From the story mentioned above. .  are able to think of others as you would of yourselves.

YOU.Here is a story from Fr. act conscientiously and decisively to protect each person’s right to equality. A lion had long watched them in the hope of making prey of them. This is essential in establishing a community of happy. This is a time for heroes. caring and peaceful people. divides and conquers. All men are created equal and have every right to be treated fairly in the interest of love and justice. etc. for the devil like the preying lion. are called to be a HERO. you should therefore refrain from making irrational judgments of people. But remember. and agree to work as one – this is not easy to do. He fell on them singly and made an easy prey of them all. social status. race. “A kingdom divided against itself cannot stand. It is a heroic task. SVD “The Preying Lion” Three bulls fed in a field together in the greatest peace and safety. B. Bel San Luis. but it is something you must do. loving. Soon. He therefore began secretly to spread evil and slanderous reports of one against another till he fomented jealousy and distrust among them. sex. civic or church. The story shows that whether in our country or our organizations. cultural orientation. As good citizens. This gave the lion the opportunity it had been waiting for.” You should put aside division. we ought to be united. utmost dignity and respect regardless of religion. but found little chance so long as they kept together. The Good Citizenship Value of EQUALITY “There will never be real equality so long as one feels inferior or superior to another” -Mahatma Gandhi This value means treating one another with equality. Thoughts to ponder on:  What does the value of equality mean to me? How important is it to me? . they avoided each other and each took to feeding alone.

looking out for the welfare of your country. Laws and government are meant to serve our own interests as citizens and not of the interest of the few. and uphold the rights and dignity of our people. The Good Citizenship Value of PATRIOTISM “Pilipino Muna. Being proud of our personal and national identity and being responsible voters are some of the concrete examples of how we nurture the value of patriotism. Strive to take a critical stand in making a decision to follow laws and appreciate the work of government. what are some ways in which I can perform simple acts of patriotism?  Do I love my country enough that I am inspired to serve her in any way I can? . You should seek ways to know the law more so that you may be able to follow them with more understanding. Tangkilikin ang sariling atin. Recto Patriotism means that you should be a vigilant citizen. what can I do to ensure that the value of equality is safeguarded and promoted? C. protect our integrity. Thoughts to ponder on:  As a student.    Do I treat others with a strong sense of equality? Am I aware of issues that threaten the value of equality in my community/society? Have I chosen to be complacent with these issues? How do these issues affect me as a person/citizen? As a concerned citizen. D. The Good Citizenship Value of RESPECT FOR LAW AND GOVERNMENT You should be a law-abiding citizen regardless of who sits at the helm of the government. You should not allow your values to be compromised by illegal acts and practices.” -.Claro M. It calls for you to be committed to serve the interest of the nation no matter who is seated at the helm of the government Patriotism is every person’s sense of duty and responsibility: to contribute to the development of our country. especially those who are in positions of power and authority. You should perform your patriotic duty of maintaining a sense of respect for your duly constituted right and authority to promote peace and order for the sake of your country.

either as groups or as individuals.E. To promote “common good” is an obligation of every member of society. The Good Citizenship Value of CONCERN FOR THE ENVIRONMENT “Kabataan. work.Manuel L.his fundamental and inalienable human rights  The social well-being and development of the group itself  Peace for the stability and security of a just order. to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily. unity. peace and equality. are you ready to do your share in promoting the common good? Thoughts to ponder on: o Have I developed the habit of sharing my blessings to others specially those who are less fortunate? IV. kalikasan para sa kinabukasan. you should be sincere and willing to be counted in the work of promoting the common good since the government needs all citizens to join in this mission. Oras nang magtubos. The basic value of promotion of the “common good” clearly brings together other basic values and illustrates how the basic values are related and reinforce each other. iwasan ang pagkakamaling ating naranasan.g. daigdig natin 'wag sayangin. 'wag hayaang maubos” -. The Good Citizenship Value of COMMON GOOD “Tumulong ka sa ikabubuti ng iyong kakapwaan at paunlarin mo ang iyong katarungang pangmadla.” -. Now. It is to share what you have to the other members of society who need your help most so that their human dignity will be upheld. love. Di ka nabubuhay ng para sa iyo lamang ni para sa iyong mga anak. Ikaw ay bahagi ng lipunang pinagkakautangan mo ng mga tiyak na sagutin. patriotism. PAGKAMAKA-KALIKASAN A. . Quezon The term “common good” refers to “the sum total of goods and social conditions which allow people.Francis Magalona “Kabataan para sa kinabukasan” This value means launching an efficient and sustainable “clean and green” program nationwide. In doing this.: faith in Almighty God. e.” The common good consist of three essential elements:  Respect for the person as such.

In this alarming situation. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------“Ang Kabataan ang magulang ng bukas” -. You are aware that your existence and that of the generations after you are threatened by the destruction of the environment. The acts could be as simple as throwing that candy wrapper on the garbage can instead littering on the streets. How do you respond?  The next lesson will provide you with a means to respond to that the challenge… . etc. Tula. clean water to drink. You. Remember. We should know how to use it properly taking into consideration not only our welfare.God made us stewards of His creation. giving it great care and appreciating its wonders and beauty. This module clearly explained the meaning of the values and responsibilities we have to do to be good citizens of the Philippines. a life that’s healthy and a future worthy to be shared with the next generation. avoiding the use of plastics. but also that of others for the betterment of our country. these values are innately given to us by God. Nature is God’s grace to you that’s why you should take care of it so that you will have clean air to breathe. You should treat Mother Nature as your own mother and masterpiece. clean ocean to launch adventures and above all.Milagros T. as the future movers of our country and parents of the future. Hernandez. you should develop a sense of urgency in the way you treat your environment: Respect the integrity of creation by means of using all environment resources properly and prudently. are called to dedicate yourselves in the service of our Nation and motivate others by exemplifying the values of a good Filipino citizen. These are the values embedded in the Preamble of 1987 Philippine Constitution.

have been recognized by many. the contributions of young people like you. if not totally. change your is a preparation and opportunity to improve yourself to be of service to others. You may have also asked: “what is the connection or relevance of NSTP to my academic course?” But you know what? In the grand scheme of things. At the same time. It opens a window for you to see the current situation of your community.LESSON 2: The National Service Training Program: An Introduction The previous lesson showed the values that we need to live by in order to become good Filipino citizens. “What’s in it for me?” “NSTP what??” “Why do I have to take up this course?” “Do I really have to??” I’m sure these questions have somehow crossed. your answer — and your choice may probably. if you look at it closely. It gives you the chance to be socially involved and have deeper awareness of yourself in relation to others. appreciate the goals of the National Service Training Program in the Higher Educational Institutions I.” . analyze the nature and history of the National Service Training Program and its components 2. it’s not just another subject --. I hope you will be able to: 1. the future leaders of our country. Jose Rizal. entered your mind when you enrolled in this program. it’s not just a requirement. it trains you to respond to the present challenges. carry out your role as a young citizen in service of our country through NSTP 3. You see. These serve as the bedrock for the National Service Training Program. CWTS or LTS. NSTP endows you with theoretical and practical knowledge and experiences that are needed for community service. However. The reality is that the National Service Training Program is a required course mandated by law. enhancing your instinct for national service. After this Lesson. our National Hero said: “The youth is the hope of the motherland. apart from choosing among ROTC.

and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs. II. maging tunay na bayani. “…gamitin ang talino.” See? It’s right there in our constitution—YOU are a valuable constituent of our country. makabagong Pilipino Sulong kabataan. Footsteps: Service to the Country The following timeline would give you a glimpse on the evolution of the youth’s contribution to national service. in shaping the future of our nation is truly significant. YOU can serve in a lot of ways. and social well-being. moral. This is the concept that shaped the National Service Training Program. . Article II of the 1987 constitution? “The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nationbuilding and shall promote and protect their physical. Remember Section 13. therefore. ipakita ang lakas.Are you familiar with the song Kabataan para sa Kinabukasan by Francis Magalona? It beautifully depicts how promising the Filipino youth can be. intellectual. YOU are capable of doing a lot of things for the good of others—to be of service to OUR nation. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism. tunay at wagas na pag-asa ng bukas Nasa palad mo ang kapalaran” Your role. idealism and energy. With all your potential. spiritual.

Issues on irrelevance. Their exposé was even published in The Varsitarian (Struggle against the System by Jayme Brucal. justice for Mark has not been completely served for only two of the four suspects are in the custody of the law. bribery and other factors led to the clamor for the abolition of the program. his body. is a compulsory 1-year course for all freshmen in the universities and colleges in the country. wrapped in a carpet bound by strips of cloth and packaging tape. It led to the passage of the National Service Training Program Law or the Republic Act 9163. These were further heightened in March 2001 by the death of Mark Welson Chua. III. a UST ROTC cadet who exposed the irregularities in the program. 21.In the late 90’s. To date. The UST cadets’ action to divulge the persistent issues on corruption within the ranks of ROTC was a catalyst for a much improved service program. Section 3 of the RA 9163 states: “It is a program that aims at enhancing consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing the ethics of service and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its three (3) program components. Mark Welson “Baron” Chua was given a posthumous award. together with other cadets observed and experienced some anomalous practices at the Department of Military Science Training (DMST) of the University of Santo Tomas which moved them to submit a complaint to the University’s administrative officials and the Department of National Defense. Investigation was immediately conducted by the PNP. The other two are still at large. This led to the dismissal of key officials in the UST ROTC Unit. Investigation soon followed. controversies plagued the program of the Reserve Officers Training Corps. Feb. Mark was reported missing. incompetent instructors. NBI and the Philippine Army. Its various components are specially designed to enhance the youth’s active contribution to the general welfare. a medal conferred to students who have shown exceptional and exemplary courage in standing up for the truth and Thomasian ideals. 2001 issue). the 19 year old Mark Welson Chua. Days after. But on the night of March 15. was fished out of the Pasig River under the Jones Bridge. Did you know? On the 13th of June 2004 during the opening mass of the University. the San Lorenzo Ruiz med al of courage. Article 1. corruption. Known to his friends as Baron. established by virtue of the Republic Act 9163. What is NSTP? The National Service Training Program.” .

artillery operations. marches and bivouac training. recreation and moral of the citizenry. unconventional warfare. out-ofschool youth and other segments of society in need of their services *Students hold tutorials and other non-formal education related activities in public schools and underprivileged communities thereby promoting the importance of education among grade school and high school students. so you can select based on your interests. safety. *The skills being developed among the cadets are military leadership. .Here are the three program components: ROTC Reserve Officers’ Training Corps Provides military training in order to motivate. military intelligence. LTS Literacy Training Service Trains the student to teach literacy and numeracy skills to school children. even adults. All Filipino students are mandated to take NSTP. especially those devoted to improving health. map reading. CWTS Civic Welfare Training Service Refers to the activities contributory to the general welfare and betterment of life for the members of the community or the enhancement of its facilities. tree planting. basic combat. The administration opted to offer all three components to provide you with more choices. environment. Here at UST. entrepreneurship. *Students participate in several community development activities like shelter-building. medical missions and the like. everyone is a citizen of this country and everyone should serve the country. That is why you and the rest of your classmates are taking it. ROTC is offered to First Year students while the CWTS and LTS courses are only offered to students in their Second Year and above. organize and mobilize students for national defense preparedness. who were not given the chance to study. Well. train. why not? After all.

Quezon City: Lorimar Publishing Co. you must have realized that the heart of NSTP is service-. Romulo stated in his book. before you can claim to have helped other people improve the quality of their lives. and it must start among our own . Floresta. 2005 Modules on Good Citizenship Values. rebellion or invasion. Interesting. ROTC however. Ma. Lourdes et. you will become members of the National Service Reserve Corps.goodcitizenshipmovement. Al.. as a citizen. As the Filipino Diplomat and Pulitzer Prize winner Carlos I walked with Heroes: “The reinvigoration of the national spirit must take place in the grass roots. a Reserve Force to be utilized in times of war. You can be tapped by the State for literacy and civic welfare activities. this provides several possibilities for you as a student. remained to be under the OSA. National Development Via NSTP. And you know what? After you finish either CWTS or LTS. right? By now. as a son/daughter. it was later transferred to the Office for Community Development (OCD) in 2008. your choice can be a meaningful experience in the process of nation-building. those who take up ROTC will be a part of the Citizen Armed Force.service to your fellowmen. On the other hand. Good Citizenship Movement.All NSTP courses used to be under the supervision of the Office for Student Affairs (OSA). as the program aims to do. Now that you are more knowledgeable on the history and nature of the NSTP. in every city. especially in times of calamities or disasters. National Service Training Program Literacy Training Service. town and barrio in the Philippines. you must begin with yourself as a student. Sonia et. Inc. 2005 Internet site: http://www. They also provide assistance in relief and rescue during disaster or calamities.. 2005. To be a worthy citizen of the world one must first prove himself to be a good Filipino. Considering that the population of the country is composed of relatively young citizens. However.. This office (OCD) is now known as the UST Simbahayan Community Development Office." -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------REFERENCES Books: Gasilla-dela Cruz. given the nature of CWTS and LTS. Would you agree with me if I say that service to others should actually be done with or without legislation? That it should naturally reign in the heart of everyone? However. Quezon City: C&E Publishing Inc..

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful