Drug Name

Classification / Indication Antivertigo drug

Generic Name: Betahistine diHCl Brand name

● Meniere's disease

Generic Name: Cinnarizine Brand Name: Stugeron Forte

Antivertigo ●Maintenance therapy for symptoms of labyrinthine disorders, including vertigo, dizziness, tinnitus, nystagmus, nausea and

Dose, Mechanism of action Route, Rate,& Frequency Dose: 16 Serc exerts a relaxant mg/ tab action on the precapillary sphincters of Route: p.o. the microcirculation of the inner ear, and Frequency: thereby increases the TID blood supply to the stria vascularis of the labyrinth. Investigations into the acute, subacute and chronic effects of betahistine in animals have demonstrated the low toxicity and safety of the drug. Dose: 1 Cinnarizine inhibits cap contractions of vascular smooth muscle cells by Route: p.o. blocking calcium channels. Frequency: OD @ HS


Side Effects

Nursing responsibilities

Hypersensitivity to betahistine diHCl or to any of the excipients of Serc

• •

Mild gastric complaints skin rashes

• •

Instruct patient that drug should be taken with food. Patients with phaeochromocytoma or bronchial asthma should be treated with extra care.

Patients with known hypersensitivity to cinnarizine.

headache, dry mouth, weight gain, perspiration or allergic reactions

As with other antihistamines, cinnarizine may cause epigastric distress; taking it after meals may diminish gastric irritation.

Cinnarizine may cause somnolence, especially at the start of treatment. Therefore, caution should be taken when alcohol or CNS depressants are

vomiting. Store at room temperature not exceeding 30oC. macrophages. Hypersensitivit y to inhaled lactose. stop therapy and treat with bronchodilator Instruct the patient to use the inhaler at regular intervals Watch out for candida infections of the mouth and pharynx . abdominal pain. epigastric pain. used concomitantly. • Individuals who have shown hypersensitivit y to Ansimar and its components. fever. Drug inhibiths mast cells. back pain • • • If bronchospasm occurs after using budosenide.vomiting. tachycardia May be taken with or without food. • Generic Name: Budesonide Brand Name: Symbicort Antiasthmatic ● Preventive maintenance of Asthma Dose: 160 mg Route: inhalation Frequency: BID Anti-inflammatory corticosteroid that exhibits potent glucocorticoid activity and weak mineralocorticoid activity. • • • Generic Name: Doxofylline Brand Name: Ansimar Tab Antiasthmatic ●Treatment of bronchial asthma and pulmonary disease with spastic bronchial component. Frequency: OD Bronchodilator. insomnia. Dose: ½ tab Route: p. pain. syncope. and mediators involved in inflammation. vomiting. Doxofylline is contraindicate d in nursing mothers. sinusitis. Patients with acute myocardial infarction and hypotension. irritability. nausea.o. dry mouth. • Headache. nausea.