Intro to the Periodic Table

History of the Periodic Table many elements were known, but the  By the 1860s,

info. was not organized.  A Russian chemist, Dimitri Mendeleyev arranged the 60 known elements at that time into the first periodic table.
 Order was based on atomic mass.  He grouped elements similarities causing his periodic table to show repeating patterns. Periodic=repeating patterns.

 Periodic Table had gaps, Mendeleyev was able to predict the properties of the “missing,” yetto-be-discovered elements by analyzing the nearest known elements in the table.  Since Mendeleyev devised the periodic table, other elements have been discovered by scientists.

History of the Periodic Table (cont’d)
• In 1911, Henry Moseley discovered that a better periodic table could be made using atomic numbers as its basis.
Elements with similar properties are in the same group (column).

• The Periodic Law is the basis for the periodic table: Physical & chemical properties of elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers.

The Periodic Table

Elements &The Periodic Table:
 Family Names:
• Alkali Metals (Group 1) • Alkaline-earth Metals (Group 2)
 Both are Alkali and Alkaline are very reactive, but Alkali Metals are more reactive.

• Transition Metals (Groups 3-12).
 d-block elements act like typical metals (conduct, ductile, malleable)

• Group 17 is the Halogen Family
 most reactive nonmetals.

• Noble Gases (Group 18)
 Most unreactive elements due to having a full electron shell.

• Lanthanides & Actinides
 f-block elements (bottom of table).

Alkali Metals

Alkaline Earth Metals

Halogens

Noble Gases

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